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Paul David Hurd Papers

Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Extent:
30.30 cu. ft. (60 document boxes) (2 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1938-1982 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
These papers document the professional career and to a lesser extent the personal life of Paul D. Hurd, Jr., between 1938 and 1982. Particularly well represented in the papers is material concerning his research on the insect order Hymenoptera; his teaching and research career at the University of California, Berkeley; his administrative duties at the National Science Foundation; his curatorial and administrative activities at the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH); field work and collecting trips; and his participation in professional organizations.

A large part of the collection consists of correspondence written and received by Hurd between 1942 and 1982. The correspondence illustrates all aspects of his career and includes letters with domestic and foreign entomologists; colleagues at the University of California, Berkeley, the National Science Foundation, and the National Museum of Natural History; staff of professional organizations, journals, and publishers; and personal friends.

Papers documenting Hurd's research on the Hymenoptera include correspondence, field notes, research notes, manuscripts, specimen lists, and photographs relating to his work on the carpenter bees. Similar records illustrate his study of the squash and gourd bees, and his research project on the bee pollinators of the creosote bush. Thoroughly documented is his work as co-editor and author of the revised Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Also included is a research file primarily concerning the Hymenoptera.

The collection also includes field notes, correspondence, and related materials documenting field work and collecting trips in the western and southwestern United States, Alaska, and Mexico; desk diaries maintained by Hurd during his tenure as Chairman, Department of Entomology, NMNH; and correspondence, class notes, lecture notes, copies of examinations, and related materials documenting his student days and teaching career at the University of California, Berkeley.
Historical Note:
Paul D. Hurd, Jr. (1921-1982), entomologist, educator, and museum curator, was an authority on the taxonomy and biology of bees. He developed an interest in natural history, especially birds, after his family moved to the Mojave Desert region of California. His first published paper, a report on a bird census in Newport Upper Bay, California, appeared in Audubon Magazine in 1941. In 1940, Hurd enrolled at the University of California, Berkeley, to study entomology. His undergraduate work was interrupted between 1942 and 1945 while he served in the United States Navy as a Chief Pharmacist's Mate. He resumed his studies at Berkeley in 1946 and received the B.S. degree in 1947; the M.S. degree in 1948; and his Ph.D. degree in 1950.

Hurd remained at Berkeley to begin his professional career, receiving appointment as Senior Museum Entomologist in 1950. As his career advanced Hurd was given teaching, as well as research responsibilities. By 1965, he had attained the rank of Professor of Entomology and Entomologist in the California Agricultural Experiment Station. Hurd's duties at Berkeley included responsibility for the California Insect Survey where he directed numerous field trips and contributed to the development of the University's collection of native insects. During 1967 and 1968 Hurd took leave of absence from the University to join the National Science Foundation as Associate Program Director in the Division of Biological and Medical Sciences. In 1970, Hurd accepted appointment as Curator in the Department of Entomology, National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). His service at NMNH included a term as Chairman of the Department of Entomology from 1971 to 1976. He was appointed Senior Scientist in 1980.

Hurd's research interests were broad, and he published on several of the families of the order Hymenoptera, including Mutillidae, Pompilidae, Anthophoridae, Megachilidae, and Halictidae. He also published papers on certain families of the orders Coleoptera and Diptera. However, most of his research was devoted to the bees of the superfamily Apoidea. Hurd published over twenty papers and books on the carpenter bees (Xylocopinae) including A Classification of the Large Carpenter Bees, co-authored with Jesus S. Moure. Another major research interest was the pollination of plants by insects. He conducted extensive studies on the bee pollinators of the squashes, gourds, and other plants of the genus Cucurbita. He also studied the pollination of the creosote bush (Larrea tridentata). Hurd's research at the National Museum of Natural History was highlighted by his duties as co-editor of the revised Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico published in 1979. While most of Hurd's field work was concentrated in California and the southwestern United States, he also conducted studies in Alaska, Mexico, South America, and Central America.

Hurd was active within the entomological profession, and he served several organizations in an appointed or elected capacity. For several years he was editor of the Pan-Pacific Entomologist, journal of the Pacific Coast Entomological Society. As a member of the Entomological Society of America, Hurd worked on the Governing Board and served as Chairman of the Advisory Committee for Systematics Resources in Entomology. He was also President of the Association for Tropical Biology, 1969-1970; Section Editor (Hymenoptera) for Biological Abstracts; and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the California Academy of Sciences.

For additional biographical information on Hurd see Karl V. Krombein and E. Gorton Linsley, "Paul David Hurd, Jr., 1921-1982," Pan-Pacific Entomologist, October 1982, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 262-277.
Chronology:
1921 -- Born in Chicago, Illinois, April 2

1941 -- Published first paper on California bird census in Audubon Magazine

1942-1945 -- Service in the United States Navy in the South Pacific

1947 -- Bachelor of Science, University of California, Berkeley

1948 -- Master of Science, University of California, Berkeley

1950 -- Ph. D., University of California, Berkeley

1950-1952 -- Senior Museum Entomologist, University of California, Berkeley

1950-1963 -- Editor, Pan-Pacific Entomologist

1952-1953 -- Field work analyzing soil invertebrates at Point Barrow, Alaska

1952-1954 -- Junior Entomologist, University of California, Berkeley

1954-1959 -- Lecturer in Entomology and Assistant Entomologist, University of California, Berkeley

1956 -- Field work investigating fossiliferous amber in Chiapas, Mexico

1959-1960 -- Fulbright Commission/Guggenheim Foundation Research Scholar and Fellow, Universidade da Parana, Curitiba, Brazil

1959-1960 -- Field Work in Central and South America

1959-1965 -- Lecturer in Entomology and Associate Entomologist, University of California, Berkeley

1963 -- Field work in Costa Rica and Panama

1963 -- A Classification of the Large Carpenter Bees (with J. S. Moure). University of California Publication Entomol. : 29

1964 -- Trip to study carpenter bee type specimens in European museums

1965 -- Field work in Venezuela and Colombia

1965-1970 -- Professor of Entomology and Entomologist, University of California, Berkeley

1967 -- Field work in Argentina and Brazil

1967-1968 -- Associate Program Director, Division of Biological and Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

1969-1970 -- President, Association for Tropical Biology

1970 -- A Classification of the Squash and Gourd Bees Peponapis and Xenoglossa (with E. G. Linsley). University of California Publication Entomol. : 62

1970-1971 -- Curator, Division of Hemiptera and Hymenoptera, Department of Entomology, National Museum of Natural History (NMNH)

1971-1973 -- International Biological Program/National Science Foundation Larrea Bee Project

1971-1976 -- Chairman, Department of Entomology, NMNH

1972-1975 -- Member of Governing Board, Entomological Society of America (ESA)

1973-1975 -- Chairman, Advisory Committee for Systematics Resources in Entomology (ESA)

1975 -- The Principal Larrea Bees of the Southwestern United States (with E. G. Linsley) Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology : 193

1976-1980 -- Curator, Department of Entomology, NMNH

1979 -- Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico (co-editor and author of Apoidea section) Smithsonian Institution Press

1980 -- Principal Sunflower Bees of North America with emphasis on the Southwestern United States (with W. E. LaBerge and E. G. Linsley) Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology : 310

1980-1982 -- Senior Scientist, Department of Entomology, NMNH

1982 -- Death, March 12
Oversize:
This collection contains oversize material.
Topic:
Entomology  Search this
Entomologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7311
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7311

Folder 5 Bl-By, general

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1011

Folder 6 Blackwelder, Richard Eliot, 1948-1949, 1955, 1958, 1962

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1022

Folder 7 Blanc, Francis Louis, 1955-1963

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1033

Folder 8 Bohart, George Edward, 1947-1971, 1976-1981

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1044

Folder 9 Bohart, Richard M., 1948-1966, 1971

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1055

Box 5

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1067

Folder 1 Bradley, J. Chester, 1946, 1948, 1951-1952, 1956, 1962-1963

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1074

Folder 2 Britton, Maxwell E., 1952-1959, 1963, 1966-1967

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1085

Folder 3 Brooks, Robert W., 1978-1982

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1096

Folder 4 Brothers, Denis J., 1969-1976, 1979

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1107

Folder 5 Bulletin of the California Insect Survey, 1954-1955, 1960-1963

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1119

Folder 6 Burks, Barnard D., 1952-1954, 1960-1965, 1972

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1130

Folder 7 Butler, George Daniel, Jr., 1953-1958, 1961-1965, 1978

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1141

Folder 8 Byers, George W., 1957-1966, 1977, 1979

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1152

Folder 9 Ca, general

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1163

Folder 10 Camras, Sidney, 1950-1958, 1961, 1968

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1174

Folder 11 Carruth, Laurence A., 1950-1952

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1186

Folder 12 Cartwright, Oscar L., 1948, 1952, 1955-1956, 1961

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1197

Folder 13 Cazier, Mont Adelbert, 1946-1972, and undated

Collection Creator::
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 60
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers
See more items in:
Paul David Hurd Papers
Paul David Hurd Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1942-1982, and undated / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7311-refidd1e1208

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