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Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection

Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Names:
Freedom Singers (SNCC)  Search this
Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990  Search this
Anderson, Marian, 1897-1993  Search this
Baez, Joan  Search this
Baker, Ella, 1903-1986  Search this
Baker, Josephine, 1906-1975  Search this
Baldwin, James, 1924-1987  Search this
Barry, Marion, 1936-  Search this
Bikel, Theodore  Search this
Carawan, Guy  Search this
Conyers, John, 1929-  Search this
Donaldson, Ivanhoe  Search this
Dylan, Bob, 1941-  Search this
Ferebee, Dorothy Boulding , 1898?-1980  Search this
Forman, James, 1928-2005  Search this
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Guyot, Lawrence, 1939-  Search this
Hamer, Fannie Lou  Search this
Height , Dorothy I. (Dorothy Irene), 1912-2010  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968  Search this
Lewis, John  Search this
Moses, Robert  Search this
Moses, Robert Parris  Search this
Odetta, 1930-2008  Search this
Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Reagon, Cordell  Search this
Robinson , Amelia Boynton, 1911-2015  Search this
Robinson, Jackie  Search this
Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987  Search this
Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014  Search this
Sherrod, Charles, 1937-  Search this
Shuttlesworth, Fred L., 1922-2011  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (18 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Sound recordings
Date:
1963-1964
Summary:
Recorded by Moses Moon (known at the time as Alan Ribback) and assisted by Norris McNamara during 1963 and 1964, the collection includes audio recordings of interviews with civil rights leaders and participants as well as free-style recordings of mass meetings, voter registration events, and other gatherings organized by Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). This collection provides a mostly unfiltered documentation of significant moments in the civil rights movement.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 115 reel to reel audio recordings containing interviews, mass meetings, demonstrations, and conversations concerning the civil rights movement, and in particular the voter registration drives organized by SNCC in Alabama and Mississippi in 1963 and 1964. Mass meetings were recorded in Greenwood, Mississippi; Americus, Georgia; Selma, Alabama; Jackson, Mississippi; Danville, Virginia; Washington, D.C.; Hattiesburg, Mississippi; and Indianola, Mississippi. Major demonstrations recorded include the March on Washington in August of 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, Alabama in October of 1963, and Freedom Day in Hattiesburg, Mississippi in January of 1964. Interviews with SNCC workers include Julian Bond, John Lewis, James Forman, Bruce Gordon, Prathia Hall, Ivanhoe Donaldson, Bob Moses, Avery Williams, Willie Peacock, Bruce Boynton and his mother, as well as dozens of others involved in the movement, who are named in the collection inventory. Many of those interviewed were actively involved in strategizing and carrying out SNCC demonstrations and political actions, and many were victims of death threats, beatings, unlawful arrest, police brutality, and torture and abuse in prison. These interviews contain detailed eyewitness accounts and personal testimony regarding these experiences, as well as personal history and thoughts about the movement, the South, and the future.

It is clear from what we know of the dates and locations of these recordings, as well as from documentation of these events in other sources, that many of these recordings are unique documents of important events in American history, which may also contain the commentary of important political and cultural figures who were involved in the movement. For example, an article by Howard Zinn recounts how an unidentified man recorded James Baldwin on October 7, 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, on the steps of the courthouse. Baldwin was furious at the lack of support from nearby federal agents as state troopers advanced on peaceful demonstrators. One of the tapes dated October 7, 1963, originally labeled "courthouse interviews," appears to be this recoding, although Baldwin is not named. The same article (available in The Howard Zinn Reader) recounts the mass meetings which led up to that demonstration, at which actor Dick Gregory gave a rousing sermon as his wife sat in jail for demonstrating in Selma. The Moses Moon Collection may be the only existing audio recording of that sermon as well as many other sermons and speeches.

Moses Moon changed his name after these recordings were made. He is referred to in the finding aid as Alan Ribback because that name is used on the recordings.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in two series.Series 1 is in chronological order to the degree recording dates can be determined, and is based on the locations and dates provided by Moon in his description or gleaned from the recordings themselves and other secondary sources. Series 1 contains 17 groups of recordings.

Moon's original numbers are recorded in the column next to the descriptions. Following the first four Greenwood tapes, which are numbered sequentially, Moon's numbering system took the first two letters of the town in which the recordings were made, a one (1), a decimal, and then a tape number. Numbers preceding the town code refer to the recording day. "N" numbers were later assigned by Moon to the 7" reels only, after the original recordings were made, possibly during editing or when the tapes were made available to the Program in African American Culture.

Series 1, Original Tapes

1. Greenwood, Mississippi; Spring 1963; 4 7" reels

2. Chicago, Illinois; August 9, 12, 1963; 2 5" reels

3. Americus, Georgia; August 17, 1963; 5 5" reels, 1 7" reel

4. Atlanta, Georgia; August 21, 1963; 1 5" reel

5. Washington, D.C.; August 26-28, 1963; 6 5", 8 7" reels

6. Atlanta, Georgia; September 8, 1963; 4 5" reels

7. Selma, Alabama; September 29-October 7, 1963; 11 5" reels, 16 7" reels

8. Gadsden, Alabama; October 23, 1963; 2 5" reels

9. Jackson, Mississippi; Fall/Winter 1963; 11 7" reels

10. Greenwood, Mississippi; c. November 3, 1963; 3 5" reels, 4 7" reels

11. Danville, Virginia; 1963; 6 7" reels

12. Washington, D.C.; soon after November 22, 1963; 6 7" reels

13. Washington, D.C.; late 1963, or possibly during MOW; 10 7" reels

14. Hattiesburg, Mississippi; January 1964; 9 7" reels

15. Indianola, Mississippi; Summer 1964; 2 7" reels

16. Monroe County, Mississippi; August 1, 1964; 4 5" reels

17. Milton, Mississippi; August 16, 1964; 3 5" reels

Series 2, Preservation Masters consists of data DVDs for a portion of the collection.
Biographical / Historical:
Moses Moon was born Alan Ribback in 1928. During the 1950s until 1962, Ribback was the proprietor of the Gate of Horn, Chicago's premier folk music club, which featured performers including Bob Gibson, Odetta, Judy Collins, Joan Baez, Jo Mapes, Peter, Paul and Mary, Lenny Bruce, and Shelley Berman. On December 5, 1962, Lenny Bruce was arrested during a performance at the Gate of Horn along with Ribback, George Carlin, and others. As a result of the arrest and Bruce's subsequent conviction for obscenity, the club was closed by the City of Chicago, and Ribback left Chicago with Norris McNamara, an audio technician, to record folk concerts taking place in the South as part of the growing civil rights movement. From the spring of 1963 until the summer of 1964, Ribback and McNamara recorded demonstrations and mass meetings and interviewed civil rights activists, primarily those involved in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Later, Ribback moved to New York and edited his recordings into an album called Movement Soul. Ribback married Delia Moon in 1971, took her last name and changed his first name to Moses. In 1979, Bernice Reagon Johnson, working with the Program on African American Culture at the Smithsonian, contacted Moon and borrowed the recordings of mass meetings for a 1980 program on the voices of the civil rights movement. In the late 1980s, Moon was stricken with a severe case of Guillain-Barre syndrome, which left him paralyzed. Moon donated the entire collection of original recordings shortly before his death in 1993.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

The papers of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee are held by the King Library and Archives in Atlanta, Georgia; archives@thekingcenter.org.
Provenance:
Donated by Moses and Delia Moon in 1995.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American civil rights workers.  Search this
African American preaching.  Search this
Mississippi Freedom Project  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Voter registration  Search this
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
African American student movements.  Search this
Folk music  Search this
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Washington, D.C., 1963  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes -- Open reel
Sound recordings
Audiotapes
Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0556
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f8d8405e-ab8d-486c-96c7-58c33804c206
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0556

[Greenwood, MS; c. November 3, 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Item AC0556-OT_N31, Box 6 (CD)
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Content: Continuation of James Baldwin speech -History lesson picks up after World War II -Beware Uncle Tom politicians -Shouldn't wait until the movement cools down, there will be no need for help then -Remember Samuel Block and Willie Peacock working hard a year ago -We're not running anymore -Freedom songs make you want to be free -The more we struggle the less our children struggle -There is more to life than our things -The ballot is important because we must show the White Citizen's Council that the masses of the people want to be free, no matter what -We need our own spy system -If it takes death, we will die -If our kids are working hours and hours a day, then we can do something "I'm Gonna Sit at the Welcome Table" John Lewis introduces speaker: -From Belzoni, Mississippi -Voter registration campaign in Belzoni -Received death threats -Parents told him to leave Belzoni, came here Speaker talks about voter registration -Highway canvassing -The people are scared -Police threats/violence "We'll Never Turn Back" " We Shall Overcome"

Digital reference copy in Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a265e567-cc40-48ee-b057-540a3dc5a22a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref100

[Greenwood, MS; c. November 3, 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 6 (Reference CD)
Box 8, Item AC0556-OT_N32
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Scope and Contents:
Content: Unidentified speaker: -Mississippi mock election events -Arrests, bogus charges Fannie Lou Hamer: "This Little Light of Mine" Matt Jones: "Keep Your Eyes on the Prize" Jones and Hamer: "We Shall Not Be Moved" Hamer: "Go Tell It On the Mountain" Dick Fry: -Beaten today -Successful mock election -Chronicle of the day's events -Arrest/court proceedings -Thoughts on George Lewis -Voter registration -Doubts federal government support Unidentified speaker (from before): -Voter registration -Advocates giving the federal government a few more days -Continue fighting within the courthouse -Push for full rights legislation Pause for several minutes Fannie Lou Hamer: "Wade in the Water" Fannie Lou Hamer is introduced
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a9c378e5-fbd8-4048-b284-4ee4dc35962d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref101

[Greenwood, MS; c. November 3, 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 6 (Reference CD)
Box 8, Item AC0556-OT_N33
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Scope and Contents:
Content: Fannie Lou Hamer: -Reading from the Gospel of St. Luke -Religious preaching -"Depression" anecdotes "Oh Freedom" Fannie Lou Hamer and Matt Jones: - freedom chant "If I Had a Hammer" Unidentified speaker: -Story about voter registration -Men versus dogs -This is a new time, must ask for what you want -Go to the courthouse to register Fannie Lou Hamer: "Save Me Lord" " Set on Freedom" " Demonstrating GI" "Ballad of Medgar Evers" "We Shall Overcome"
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e9403293-4faf-42c9-b51e-ece2024215de
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref102

[Danville, VA; 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box xx, Item AC0556-OT_DA_1.1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep85ebfe12f-28bf-4f71-9146-213591fd7925
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref103

[Danville, VA; 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box xx, Item AC0556-OT_DA_1.2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep825f7627f-d7ec-430e-9604-f802dca3a209
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref104

[Danville, VA - Mass Meeting, High Street Church, December 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 2 (Reference)
Box 8, Item AC0556-OT_N36
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Scope and Contents:
Note: This tape follows N37 Content: "Leaning on the Everlasting Arms" Unidentified speaker: -We are running into debt in Danville Mr. Pinchback, Mr. Adam, young woman: "We Are Soldiers in the Army" Unidentified speaker: -Reverend Campbell -History of movement in Danville, Virginia -We cannot stand by and let this brutality happen -Police brutality stories -The white man organized a system, but we never made our own system, it is our duty to do something -Calling for involvement in Danville, Virginia -Need young people in the movement -Unemployment issues -Dangers of mechanization -Tobacco industry and education -Must join unions in Danville, Virginia -Need one man to run for city council, Reverend Chase is that man -We can kill the aggressors, but we can't kill the system -We have to use love and nonviolence -New leaders - Asks for the recorders to be turned off when talking about unity between different activist groups "We Shall Overcome"
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep87bc863ec-d8c6-4f87-a352-6072ddd27339
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref105

[Danville, VA - Mass Meeting, High Street Church, December 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Item AC0556-OT_N37
Box 2 (Reference)
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Scope and Contents:
Content: "Oh Freedom" "Set on Freedom" Avon Rollins: - Moment of prayer "Michael, Row Your Boat Ashore" "This Little Light of Mine" Reverend Lendell W. Chase: -Most of us started in Jamestown anyways, so we are not outsiders, we are just coming home -As long as you are an American on American soil, you are not an outsider -Radio outreach -Trials of those arrested on the 17th -Do not provide bail; freedom is more important than posting bonds -Future demonstration techniques and mass demonstrations -Who here wants to reinstitute the boycott, intensified? -Future demonstration technique is creative tension – send people to seek service in public accommodations -Asks for the recording device to be turned off to keep plans from the white people -NAACP donations drive Reverend Lawrence Campbell: -Tremendous spirit of the kids in the jail -Personal jail advice -Personal experience with white college student activist -Non-violence in the face of ammonia -Turns into religious sermon "Leaning on the Everlasting Arms"
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8676b6062-8097-413f-97a6-e11102b549b4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref106

[Danville, VA; 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Item AC0556-OT_N38
Box 2 (Reference)
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Scope and Contents:
Content: "Set on Freedom" "Everybody Wants Freedom" Freedom shout and marching Speaker (Reverend Campbell?): -Must take freedom now, cannot set it aside -The place to meet after school (student audience) -We are still children of God, no matter what out skin color -Pushing for future attendance Bruce Baines: -Came from Shreveport -We cannot give up for small concessions -Why have people stopped participating? -Asking for complaints -Recorder turned off Unidentified speaker: -Children of Israel story -Our assignment is to fill this auditorium tomorrow afternoon -We're just in a slump, the spark will be lit "I'm Gonna Let it Shine" "We Shall Overcome" Benediction Post-meeting chatter
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep868e1b1fa-3cb5-493b-a9e7-0988a6356835
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref107

[Danville, VA; 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Item AC0556-OT_N39
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Piano playing Ribback asks whether there is supposed to be a meeting in the building More piano playing Ambient sound Conversation with unidentified man, touches on various topics -Self-preservation -Timetable on freedom -Report on the days event/jail stories -Well-behaved kids -Girl on hunger strike -Valerie Bonner (13) has been in jail five times Reverend Chase: -There has been contact with Gloria Richardson from Cambridge to speak at one of the mass meetings -Reverend Thomas and NAACP fundraising programs -Legal defense and educational fund

Digital reference copy in Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep841d3f543-dd06-4e60-9e11-0be521b5c515
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref108

[Washington, DC; after November 22, 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box xx, Item AC0556-OT_N14
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Scope and Contents:
Fourth annual leadership institute of SNCC Charles Jones: "Set on Freedom" "Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Round" "Oh, Freedom" "This Little Light of Mine" Moment of silence for John F. Kennedy Prayer for protection against evil John Lewis: -Conference on jobs and food -The masses are getting involved -Only victims of segregation can lead the struggle against segregation -Need to make basic changes to political struggles -Must rid ourselves of the elements of violence and poverty -We have a mandate to do everything possible to set this nation in line with democratic ideals Director of student activities, Howard University: -Welcome from Howard University Schedule changes and announcements Bob Moses: -SNCC has primarily organized a group of organizers, need to consolidate that group -SNCC needs to define what it is they organize for -Rather limited and specific objectives -Political overthrow of the south as we know it -Fundamental changes in the political structure

Digital reference copy in Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep895983775-2e88-43cb-ba95-ffb3e1463338
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref109
Online Media:

[Washington, DC; after November 22, 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Item AC0556-OT_N15
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Scope and Contents:
SNCC leadership conference continued: -Free association and the right of people to assemble and work regardless of past associations -We must pick and choose who we will work with, but a criteria should not be past association -More importantly, we must be disciplined, organized Conclusion of morning session Unidentified speaker: -Lee Harvey Oswald was a leftist psychopath -The southern psychopaths are rightists -Hopeful for Johnson's future policies People on the platform: Frank Smith, Marion Barry, Worth Long, William Hanson, John Lewis, Robert Moses, Charles Girard, James Forman Questions for them: -The elections of Mississippi – a contest to see who hated Kennedy more -There has been no discussion of a moratorium -There is still work to do, for example in Maryland and Virginia -The white reaction in Mississippi to Kennedy's death – indifference or hidden joy

Digital reference copy in Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8bf6c45ff-ed8a-4de0-86fb-671c118cbe03
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref110

[Washington, DC; after November 22, 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Item AC0556-OT_N16
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Scope and Contents:
Cuts into the middle of a panel discussion from N15: -More discussion of John F. Kennedy assassination -Federal protection progress in Mississippi -Activity is still going strong in the South -Hopes that Johnson will do more than Kennedy did -Need to find leaders with integrity -Description of voter registration campaign in Terrell County, Georgia -Frustration at obstacles in the movement -We are here to evaluate many things we have done -If Johnson doesn't deliver on civil rights, we should not deliver him into the White House (reelection) Fannie Lou Hamer: -Voter registration testimonial -Tired of the system "Go Tell it on the Mountain" (joined by the audience) "I'm Gonna Let it Shine" "Freedom Now" chant "Set on Freedom" Minnie Jean Brown – one of the first girls to go to an integrated school in Little Rock, Arkansas: -Glad people are really supporting the cause -The time is now The Americus Four: "Freedom My Rock" "We Are Marching For Freedom" Bayard Rustin: -Introducing Norman Thomas, the main speaker -Story of Thomas' bravery against Frank "I am the Law" Hague -Memories of slavery -Norman Thomas was willing to investigate these conditions
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8160b1c45-e706-44d2-9092-08f5012d7546
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref111

[Washington, DC; after November 22, 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Item AC0556-OT_N17
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Scope and Contents:
Norman Thomas: -One of the most important things to achieve is a large number of negroes voting, intelligently -Immigration success and naturalization -Employment -We should work on breaking down unions -We must ensure employment in the face of automation -Employment is a bigger issue than the civil rights movement, it goes above that struggle -The federal government has the responsibility to do more to ensure employment for its citizens -Ideas for federal programs -It is the business of society to see that its members get jobs or get paid until jobs can be found -Fair employment requires full employment -Have to demand a civil rights bill -No white worker will give up his job -You have to think of full employment Announcements Questions for Norman Thomas: -How can we make people vote if there is severe intimidation? -I don't expect people to vote; I expect people to have the system available to vote -A civil rights bill needs to have special emphasis on voting -There ought to be a minimum wage, including migratory workers -There are better ways to get jobs than to extend military build up -Barry Goldwater story
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8077f22e8-2bb6-4072-8760-9ed648d6c59e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref112

[Washington, DC; after November 22, 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Item AC0556-OT_N18
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Scope and Contents:
Norman Thomas question and answer session from N17 continued "We Shall Not Be Moved" "Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Around" "I'm On My Way to Freedom Land" "We Are Soldiers (in the Army)" "Freedom Train" "Aint Scared of Nobody 'Cause I Want My Freedom" "Wade in the Water" James Forman: -Introduces James Baldwin -He understands it is his struggle too James Baldwin: -Rather start a discussion -The music of the movement, made in oppression and in pain, these songs have changed into a vehicle of liberation -This dignity of our history has become this country's only hope

Digital reference copy in Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep88fe22ed4-20bb-4d8c-9fb1-c4493cbc48a1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref113

[Washington, DC; after November 22, 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Item AC0556-OT_N19
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Scope and Contents:
James Baldwin continued: -The victim has, more than white people, a real sense of his value -Medgar Evers' assassination -Upward mobility does not apply to negroes -I survive all your prisons, but you have not -Lunacy as an excuse for murder -Kennedy was killed because he broke the bargain of the solid South -One man - one vote is the end of the southern oligarchy and the end of the Democratic Party as we know it -It is one thing to be beaten. It is another thing to be told to be patient after that beating, that things will be better tomorrow -A country that prefers security to the possibility of dissent is in danger of perishing -The country will have to change and embrace me -In order for me to get a job, we have to get everybody else a job; a complete change is necessary -We can only achieve success as a nation through a long overdue maturity Questions and answers: -Christianity and the movement -Dangers of prejudice -Third party -The middle class as a hindrance

Digital reference copy in Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8dea2065f-46cd-41e0-96dd-7238d89a65b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref114

[Washington, DC; late 1963, or August]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Item AC0556-OT_N20
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
(more of the conference) "Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Around" "I'm Gonna Let It Shine" "Go Tell It on the Mountain" Announcements Unidentified speaker: -We must protect our freedom -Historically, young men fight in war, old men fight for freedom -Pleased that the young are fighting for freedom and looking to the future -Prayer for God's blessings -Introduces James Forman James Forman: -Recognizes various past leaders and original SNCC workers -We need to form local propaganda bases in northern cities -Calls various officers to the front Ella Baker: -SNCC is concerned with the development of leadership, not individual leaders -In order to get people in the deep south to move, they need a feeling of confidence -We use our mental capacities to chart programs that have basic effects on changing the system -We must find ways to evaluate ourselves in respect to the movement

Digital reference copy in Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b14aebda-8b5d-42cc-b101-6fe9ecb4a289
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref115

[Washington, DC; late 1963, or August]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Item AC0556-OT_N21, Box 6 (CD)
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Ella Baker continued: -We have done much to penetrate the mystery of life -Where we have failed is the mastery of life -We must help people (racists) understand what their true value is -Only then can we truly say we live in a democracy for the people and by the people Brenda Travis: (sent to jail in McComb, Mississippi and spent six months in juvenile reform school) -Brief statement James Baldwin: -Introduces and describes the Freedom Singers Unidentified speaker: -We are being kept from a valuable thing -- our vote -Introduces Fannie Lou Hamer Fannie Lou Hamer: -August 31st, 1962- the day she tried to become a first-class citizen -SNCC has done a wonderful job in bringing food to Mississippi, helped her survive -I'm not working for equal rights because what the white man has he stole from me, I want true democracy "Come By Here" Unidentified speaker: -Fundraising activity -Audience "Freedom" chant Cut to Americus Four, one member: (spent eighty-five days in jail without bond) -Eighty-five days don't compare to years of black suffering -Jail experience

Digital reference copy in Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ca131b5f-50f1-48f3-b166-14cbba76d403
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref116

[Washington, DC; late 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 6 (Reference CD)
Box 7, Item AC0556-OT_N22
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Scope and Contents:
James Forman: Announcements -Reminder about Ms. Hamer's trial Freedom Singers: -Introduction of Joy Leonard, Chuck Neblitt, Ruth Harris, Cordell Reagon "Set on Freedom" "Fighting for My Rights" "Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Around" "Dogs" "Oh, Freedom" "Brown Baby" "Keep Your Eyes on the Prize" "I'm Gonna Let it Shine" "We Shall Overcome"

Digital reference copy in Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8fd887780-3f42-4dbc-b034-f69521e834bd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref117

[Washington, DC; late 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 6 (Reference CD)
Box 7, Item AC0556-OT_N23
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Scope and Contents:
Unidentified singer: "Ballad of Medgar Evers" Unidentified singer: "Ballad of the Student Sit-Ins" "If You Miss Me at the Back of the Bus" "Hard Travelin'" Unidentified speaker (Marion Barry?): -History of SNCC John Lewis: -All of us must continue to raise questions and problems -Destroy the South through nonviolence -In the Deep South we must continue a policy of political agitation -If we plan to continue with non-violence, we must become radical enough in our action to meet the needs of an oppressed people -We cannot depend on the government -We should take SNCC into the North Charles McDew: -We knew it would have to be students -This is not about building a black society -Integrated society -We fight to make democracy safe for the world "We Shall Overcome"

Digital reference copy in Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8bc580cbf-ab85-4563-ba47-19dfddb4758e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref118

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