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Legal Documents Concerning Slavery

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
1710-1865
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0786, Series 1
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref10

Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection

Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Clark, Julie  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Bills of sale
Deeds
Land titles
Slave bills of sale
Manuscripts
Manumission, deeds of
Place:
Maryland
Date:
undated
1710-1865
Summary:
A collection of a variety of legal documents that relate to slavery and African-Americans.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists mainly of a wide vareity of court and legal documents such as, bills of sale, warrants, a manumission document, a certificate of free birth, and documents concerning debt, property, and legal obligations. The documents originated in four states: Alabama, the Carolina colony, Indiana, Louisiana, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Texas. They span the greatest portion of the era of slavery within what is now the United States. Most of the documents are from Lawrence County, Alabama and may have at one time been created or used as evidence in either an orphans court or civil court case. The documents are arranged in one series in chronological order.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into 1 series:

Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery, 1710-1865, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Up until the Emancipation Proclamation and the subsequent victory of the Union forces in the Civil War, slaves were considered chattel, property that could be bought and sold. Slaves were a commodity that could be attached for non-payment of debt, used as collateral, given as bequests in a will, and were considered assets of a deceased's estate. As such, they engendered legal battles and the need for a variety of legal documents asserting one's freedom or manumission.
Provenance:
Bill of Sale of "one Negro girl named Nancy, about three years old, from Thomas Maynard to John Stephen Hale, for the sum of 30 pounds, Frederick County, Maryland, June 13, 1796." 2002 acquisition: "Receipt for a slave named Wilson", January 19, 1863, and two carte-de-visite portraits: W.B. Mitchell, July 1880, and Pleasant A. Mitchell, undated. Gifts of Julie Clark, 2008 addendum.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Branding (Punishment)  Search this
Fugitive slaves  Search this
Slaves -- Emancipation  Search this
Slave trade -- Maryland  Search this
Slaveholders -- Maryland  Search this
Slavery -- United States -- Maryland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Bills of sale
Deeds
Land titles
Slave bills of sale
Manuscripts -- 18th century
Manumission, deeds of
Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0786
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0786
Online Media:

Suit for a runaway slave, Berkeley County, Carolina colony

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1710
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref11

Bill of sale, Frederick County, Maryland

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1768
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref12

Manumission document, Frederick County, Maryland

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1793
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref13

Certificate, abolition society, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1796
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref14

Freedom affidavit, New York, New York

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1811
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref15

Receipt, Jefferson County, Tennessee

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1813
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref16

Bill of sale, New Orleans, Louisiana

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1833
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref17

Bill of sale, New Orleans, Louisiana

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1835
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref18

Certificate of free birth, Loudoun County, Virginia

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 18
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1846
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref20

Assignment and declaration, Lawrence County, Alabama

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1851
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref21

Slave sale document, New Orleans, Louisiana

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1856
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref23

Court documents, Fannin County, Texas

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 23
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1859
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref24

Testimony

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1840
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref35

Bill of Sale, New Orleans, Louisiana

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1840
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref36

Obligation, Franklin County, Alabama

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1841
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref37

Debt Document, Lawrence County, Alabama

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1841
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref38

Bill of Sale, Indiana

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1841
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref39

Court Document, Lawrence County, Alabama

Collection Author:
Maynard, Thomas  Search this
Collection Donor:
Clark, Julie  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1842
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection, 1710-1865, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection
Legal Documents Concerning Slavery Collection / Series 1: Legal Documents Concerning Slavery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0786-ref40

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