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George Constant papers

Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Names:
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Audubon Artists (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Carnegie Institute  Search this
Dayton Art Institute  Search this
Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors  Search this
Ferargil Galleries  Search this
Heckscher Museum  Search this
Lyman Allyn Art Museum  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Parrish Art Museum  Search this
Spanish Refugee Aid (Organization)  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Avery, Sally  Search this
Burliuk, David, 1882-1967  Search this
Caparn, Rhys, 1909-1997  Search this
Carnell, Julia Shaw Patterson, 1863-1944  Search this
Davidson, Morris, 1898-1979  Search this
Eaton, Charles Warren, 1857-1937  Search this
Gecan, Vilko, 1894-1973  Search this
Kanaga, Consuelo, 1894-  Search this
Landgren, Marchal E.  Search this
Neuberger, Roy R.  Search this
Pach, Walter, 1883-1958  Search this
Perret, Nell, 1916-  Search this
Preston, Georgette  Search this
Putnam, Wallace, 1899-1989  Search this
Extent:
4.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Christmas cards
Photographs
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1912-2007
bulk 1932-1978
Summary:
The papers of modernist painter and printmaker George Constant measure 4.6 linear feet and date from 1912-2007, with the bulk of the material dating from 1932-1978. They consist of biographical material, inventories of artwork, audio interviews and recorded statements on art, personal and business related correspondence, holiday cards, printed material, an exhibition related video recording, and photographs of Constant, his family and friends, and his work.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of modernist painter and printmaker George Constant measure 4.6 linear feet and date from 1912-2007, with the bulk of the material dating from 1932-1978. They consist of biographical material, inventories of artwork, audio interviews and recorded statements on art, personal and business related correspondence, holiday cards, printed material, an exhibition related video recording, and photographs of Constant, his family and friends, and his work. A small portion of the correspondence and printed materials are written in Greek.

Biographical material includes artist statements written and recorded by Constant, two audio interview recordings discussing his philosophies on art and his work, inventories of artwork, personal property deeds and legal correspondence, and other miscellaneous material.

Correspondence is predominantly in the form of business and personal letters, postcards, and holiday cards received from family and friends. These include correspondence from Constant's daughter, Georgette Preston, and extended family members. Other frequent personal correspondents include Milton and Sally Avery, Lewis Balamuth, Margaret Brunning, David Burliuk, Nathaniel Burwash, Rhys Caparn, Julia Shaw Patterson Carnell, Phillip Cavanaugh, Morris Davidson, Charles Eaton, Vilko Gecan, Marchal Landgren, Roy Neuberger, Walter Pach, Nell Perret, Constantine Pougialis, Wallace Putnam and Consuelo Kanaga, Hi Simons, and Helen Slosberg. Business related correspondents include Audubon Artists, Art Institute of Chicago, Brooklyn Museum, Carnegie Institute, Dayton Art Institute, Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors, Ferargil Galleries, Guild Hall, Heckscher Museum, Lyman Allyn Museum, Metropolitan Museum, Museum of Modern Art, Spanish Refugee Appeal, and the Whitney Museum. Other business correspondence related to Constant's work with the WPA are also included in the series.

Printed material includes books and booklets on American and Greek art, including a limited print edition of George Constant by George Constant, clippings and articles reviewing Constant's work, exhibition announcements and catalogs of Constant's shows, periodicals profiling his artwork, and dance and theater related programs that Constant consulted on.

Photographs include black and white prints of Constant and his family and friends in St. Louis, Missouri, Dayton, Ohio, and in and around his studio in Shinnecock Hills, New York. The collection also includes photo stills from his 1965 exhibition at the Parrish Art Museum and a comprehensive set of black and white prints, a handful of color prints, and several color slide sheets of Constant's artwork from the 1920s to 1978.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into 4 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1923-2007 (Box 1; 17 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1930-1979 (Box 1-2; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1927-2005 (Box 2-3; 2 linear feet)

Series 4: Photographic Material, 1912-1978 (Box 4-6; 1 linear foot)
Biographical/Historical note:
Greek American George Zachary Constant (1892-1978) worked from his studios in Shinnecock Hills, and New York City, New York as a painter and printmaker. A founder and lifelong member of the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors, Constant worked for the Work Projects Administration (WPA) during the Depression and early years of World War II, and exhibited regularly at major galleries and museums from the 1920s to 1970s.

Born in Arahova, Greece, Constant was raised by his two uncles after the death of his parents in 1896. In school and at the monestary one of his uncles led, Constant showed an early interest in classical Greek aesthetics. At the age of eighteen, he immigrated to the United States and continued his art studies at Washington University before transferring to the Art Institute of Chicago. From 1918 to 1922, Constant taught at the Dayton Art Institute and continued to produce and exhibit his work locally. In 1922, he moved to New York, joined the Society of Independent Painters, and became close friends with Society founder and art critic Walter Pach. During the 1920s, his etchings were shown at the Valentine and Downtown Galleries, and at the New Art Circle of J.B. Neumann, where he presented his first one man gallery show in 1929.

From the 1930s to 1940s, Constant produced prints, watercolors, and oil paintings for the WPA, many of which were purchased by museums and public institutions, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Philadelphia Museum. During this same period, Constant exhibited his work at the Boyer Gallery in the late 1930s, and at the Ferargil Gallery from the 1940s to early 1950s. In the decade between 1955 and 1965, Constant also worked on color and set design for seventeen dance productions created by the choreographer Alwin Nikolais. In the last two decades of his career, Constant produced works from his studio in Shinnecock Hills, New York and continued to exhibit at numerous galleries, including Grace Borgenicht Gallery, Guild Hall, Mari Galleries, Tirca Karlis Gallery, and Artium Gallery.
Provenance:
The papers of George Constant were donated by the artist in 1969 and 1978. Additional materials were donated in 2001 and 2007 by his daughter Georgette Preston.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Christmas cards
Photographs
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.consgeor
See more items in:
George Constant papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-consgeor

M, Miscellaneous

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 82
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1946-1978
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref100

Neuberger, Roy R.

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 83
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
1950
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref101

New School for Social Research

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 84
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1948
1967-1968
1957
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref102

New York WPA Artists Inc.

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 85
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1976-1978
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref103

N-O, Miscellaneous

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1948-1977
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref104

Pach, Walter

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1947-1957
1942-1945
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref105

Parrish Art Museum

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1956
1948
1971-1972
1963-1964
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref106

Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1956
1948
1967
1960-1961
1963
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref107

Philadelphia Museum of Art

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1960-1961
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref108

Pougialis, Constantine

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1966-1968
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref109

Protestant

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1948
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref110

Putnam, Wallace and Kanaga, Consuelo

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1977-1978
1969-1970
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref111

P, Miscellaneous

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1943-1971
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref112

Renning, Rita and Philip

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1967
1969-1971
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref113

R, Miscellaneous

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1932-1976
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref114

Sachs, Hugo L.

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1965-1966
1968
1960-1962
1974-1975
1972
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref115

Sights, Sylvia Simons

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
1968
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref116

Simons, Hi

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1943
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref117

Slosberg, Helen S.

Collection Creator:
Constant, George  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1977
1971
1960
1966
1962
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Constant papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Constant papers, 1912-2007, bulk 1932-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Constant papers
George Constant papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.3: General
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consgeor-ref118

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