24 portraits and views of Indians of the Yokuts tribe. Data furnished by F.F. Latta attached to file card and also a copy filed with prints. Numbers on negatives 1 -24 corresponding to numbers on data sheet.
OPPS NEG.2852 B 2 (7)
Black and white direct duplicate of film negative of undetermined source
Printed on reverse of card: "Post Card"; divided card w/ "Corres. Here" on left and "For Address Only;" stamp corner marked by ship in circle with straight lines on three sides ending in flowers. Words "Post Card" required by law 12/24/1901.
Notation on front of print: "Princeton Centennial 1932" Notation on reverse of print: "Indian float in parade. Three day celebration in Princeton. Princeton Centennial Geo. Washington's Bi-centennial Fourth of July 1932."
Notation on front of print: "Chief Neptune & wife, Passamaquoddy tribe, Eastport, Maine."
Biographical / Historical:
Date: Not recorded; probably after 1907.
Post Card: Divided back with no address or corres. notations. Line formed by co. name - American Art Postcard Co., Boston, Mass. "Post Card" appears to right of line. Stamp corner marked by box with "Place stamp here" inside. Divided backs tend to start ca. 1907.
His uniform is of the pattern of 1872. Since he was promoted to captain in 1883 the picture dates between those dates. (information from Don Kloster, Military History). Said to be a copy of the same picture that appeared in the Southern Workman, March, 1928, page 113.
Pocahontas - Biographical sketch. Born in 1595, and died on board ship at Gravesend, England, in March, 1617. The daughter of Powhatan, chief of a group of Virginian tribes. Her real name was Matoaka (Matowaka), a word found also in the misspelled form of Matoka and Matoaks. The sole Algonquian root from which the name can be derived is metaw, 'to play,' 'to amuse one's self;' whence Metawake, 'she amuses herself playing with (something).'It was undoubtedly due to her innate fondness for playthings, play, and frolicsome amusement that the name was given her by her parents, as well as the expression "Pokahantes" used by her father when speaking of her. By reason of the alleged romance of her life, Pocahontas is one of the most famous of American women. She is said to have saved Captain John Smith from a cruel and ignominious death at the hands of Powhatan's people, whose prisoner he was at the time. She is also credited with enabling many other Englishmen to escape the wrath and vengeance of her tribespeople.
The truth about some of her alleged exploits can never be known; some writers have even doubted the episode with Captain Smith. After the departure of Captain Smith for England in 1609, faith was not kept with the Indians as promised, and Pocahontas, by the aid of a treacherous chief, was decoyed on board the ship of Captain Argall in the Potomac, carried to Jamestown (1612), and afterwards taken to Werawocomoco, Powhatan's chief place of residence where a sort of peace was effected and the ransom of Pocahontas was agreed upon. While among the Englishmen, however, Pocahontas had become acquainted with John Rolfe, "an honest gentleman, and of good behavior." These two fell in love, an event which turned out to the satisfaction of everybody, and in April, 1613, they were married, Pocahontas having previously been converted to Christianity and baptised under the name of "the Lady Rebecca."
This alliance was of great advantage to the colonists, for Powhatan kept peace with them until his death. In 1616 Mr and Mrs Rolfe, with her brother-in-law Uttamatomac and several other Indians, accompanied Sir Thomas Dale to England, where, owing to the previous misunderstanding of those times concerning the character and government of the American tribes, Mrs Rolfe was received as a "princess." In March 1617, while on board ship at Gravesend ready to start for America with her husband, she fell ill of smallpox, and died about the 22nd year of her life. In July 1907, a skeleton, believed to be the remains of Pocahontas, was unearthed within the site of Gravesend Parish Church. She left one son, Thomas Rolfe, who was educated by his uncle, Henry Rolfe, in England.
Cf. negative Number 873-B of same, but negative 28223 is better.
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America Search this
Washington -- Jamestown
Scope and Contents:
Back row, left to right: (1) Sam Elmer (2) Tommy Low (3) Wilson Johnson (4) Billie Hall (5) Peter Jackson (6) Ernest Samson (7) Johnson Williams. Center row, left to right: (1) Dave Prince (2) Supt. Dickison [Dickinson ?] (3) Sammy Charles (4) Benny George. Front row, left to right: (1) Joseph Allen (2) Charley Hopi (3) Wife of Supt. (4) Daughter of Supt. (5) Sam Pysht (from Port Angeles) (6) Joe Anderson
According to Glen Luidemon: the "Kanakas were Hawaiians brought to the Pacific Northwest by the British fur hunters ca. 1810s-1840s. Many of them settled near Ft. Vancouver (Washington) and on the Lower Columbia River, often intermarrying w/ local Indians. The Owyhee (i.e. Hawaii) River and mountains of eastern Oregon and SW Idaho are named for Kanaka fur hunters. The Thompson tribe was located far to the north in British Columbia. The family in this photograph are probably related to the Tillamook or the Clatsop tribes of the NW Oregon coast.
Copy (2/66) from photograph lent by Mr and Mrs Harry Scovell, Garibaldi, Oregon, through Mrs George Tuthill, Tillamook, Oregon, December, 1965 (N. M. Correspondence Number 264,284.)
(?Kanaka=Kanaka Bar, Fraser River, or Ntlaktlaktin, a village of the Lytton band ? See Bulletin 30, II, 88.)