Indians of North America -- Southern States Search this
Scope and Contents:
From Leonard Tyler - text with interlinear translation, (Muihas or the Magpie) - 3 pages (No. 5-7). From David Pendleton (Making Medicine) - words - 4 1/2 pages. (No. 13-17). From Rubin Taylor - words and sentences - 3 pages. (No. 17-20). From Indian N.E. of Agency - words, 1/2 page. (No. 21). Names of Indians at Darlington - 6 names (page No. 21). Rudolph Petter - Collection of words - 2 pages (No. 22-23). Philip Block - Notes on different Indians by tribes - 1 page (No. 24). James Mooney - tribal names for the Cheyenne by the Yankton, Kiowa, Teton, Navajo and Arapaho. - 1/2 page. (No. 51)
Stephen R. Riggs - Dakota Grammar - extracts from. Approx. 20 pages. (Contributions Vol. IX (1893) ).
Kish Hawkins - sentences - 3 pages. (No. 8-10). grammatical notes - 25 pages. (25-50). grammatical notes - 18 pages. (72-90).
James Bent - Comparative Vocabulary of the Caddo, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Wichita - 1 page. (No. 90). Ditto - Arapaho and Cheyenne - 6 pages. (No. 91-96).
Wolf Face - Notes on Cheyenne - 3 1/4 pages. (No. 97-100). Natural Philosophy - 3 pages. (No. 101-103).
George Bent - list of personal names - 1 1/4 pages. (No.106-7).
The Priscilla Reining papers, 1916-2007, primarily document the professional life of Reining, a social anthropologist and Africanist who worked for the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) from 1974 to 1989. Her area of specialty was sub-Saharan Africa, specializing in desertification, land tenure, land use, kinship, population, fertility, and HIV/AIDS. During the 1970s, she pioneered the use of satellite imagery in conjunction with ethnographic data. She is also known for her ground-breaking research in the late 1980s that showed that uncircumcised men were more susceptible to contracting HIV/AIDS than circumcised men.
The collection contains correspondence, field research, research files, writings, day planners, teaching files, student files,
photographs, maps, sound recordings, and electronic records. Reining's research files, particularly on the Red Lake Ojibwa, the Haya, HIV/AIDS, and satellite imagery, form a significant portion of the collection.
Scope and Contents:
These papers primarily document the professional life of Priscilla Reining. The collection contains correspondence, field research, research files, writings, day planners, teaching files, student files, photographs, maps, sound recordings, and electronic records.
Reining's research files, particularly on the Red Lake Ojibwa, the Haya, HIV/AIDS, and satellite imagery, form a significant portion of the collection. Her consultancy work is also well-represented, as well as her involvement in a large number of professional organizations. The collection also contains a great deal of material relating to her work on different programs and projects at AAAS, including the Committee on Arid Lands, Ethnography of Reproduction Project, and Cultural Factors in Population Programs. Also present in the collection are materials from her time as Urgent Anthropology Program Coordinator at the Smithsonian Institution, her files as an instructor and professor, and her files as a student at University of Chicago. Materials from her personal life can also be found in the collection, such as correspondence and childhood mementos.
The Priscilla Reining papers are organized in 13 series: 1. Correspondence, 1944-2007; 2. Research, 1955-1970; 3. AAAS, 1971-1990; 4. Professional Activities, 5. 1957-2007; Daily Planners and Notebooks, 1960-2002; 6. Writings, 1952-1996; 7. Smithsonian Institution, 1964-1971; 8. University, 1958-1994; 9. Student, 1937-1975; 10. Biographical and Personal Files, 1934-2004; 11. Maps, 1916-1989, undated; 12. Photographs, circa 1950-1987, undated; 13. Electronic records.
Biographical / Historical:
Priscilla Copeland Reining was a social anthropologist and Africanist who worked for the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) from 1974 to 1989. Her area of specialty was sub-Saharan Africa, specializing in desertification, land tenure, land use, kinship, population, fertility, and HIV/AIDS. During the 1970s, she pioneered the use of satellite imagery in conjunction with ethnographic data. She is also known for her ground-breaking research in the late 1980s that showed that uncircumcised men were more susceptible to contracting HIV/AIDS than circumcised men.
Reining was born on March 11, 1923 in Chicago, Illinois. She studied anthropology at University of Chicago, where she earned both her A.B. (1945) and Ph.D. (1967) in anthropology. During her graduate studies, she studied peer group relations among the Ojibwa of the Red Lake Indian Reservation in Minnesota (1947, 1950-51). Her husband, Conrad Reining, accompanied her to the field, an experience that inspired him to also become an anthropologist.
In 1951-53 and 1954-55, Reining conducted fieldwork among the Haya of Bukoba District, Tanganyika (now known as Tanzania) as a Fellow of the East African Institute of Social Research. While research for her dissertation focused on the agrarian system of the Haya, Reining also conducted fertility surveys for the East African Medical Survey, studying the relationship between STDs and fertility in Buhaya and Buganda. During the 1980s, Reining became interested in AIDS when she observed that the Haya were dying from the disease at a much higher rate than neighboring groups. When she learned of a possible link between circumcision and the spread of HIV, she drew a map of circumcision practice among the ethnic groups of Africa and found that uncircumcised men were 86% more likely to contract HIV than circumcised men. These results were published in "The Relationship Between Male Circumcision and HIV Infection in African Populations" (1989), which she coauthored with John Bongaarts, Peter Way, and Francis Conant.
Beginning in the 1970s, Reining began exploring the use of satellite imagery in ethnographic research. In 1973, she used Landsat data to identify individual Mali villages, the first use of satellite data in anthropology (Morán 1990). That same year, as a consultant for USAID, she also used ERTS-1 imagery to estimate carrying capacity in Niger and Upper Volta (now known as Burkino Faso). She continued to apply satellite data in her research throughout her career, including in 1993, when she returned to Tanzania to study the environmental consequence of population growth and HIV/AIDS among the Haya.
In 1974, Reining joined the Office of International Science of AAAS as a research associate. She stayed on to become Project Director for the Cultural Factors in Population Programs and to direct a number of projects under the Committee on Arid Lands. She also served as Project Director of the Ethnography of Reproduction project, for which she conducted fieldwork in Kenya in 1976. In 1990, she left AAAS for an appointment as Courtesy Professor of African Studies at University of Florida.
Prior to working for AAAS, Reining worked at the Smithsonian Institution (1966, 1968-70), during which she was the coordinator for the Urgent Anthropology Program in the now defunct Center for the Study of Man. She also taught at University of Minnesota (1956-59), American University (1959-60), and Howard University (1960-64). In addition, she worked as a consultant for various organizations, including Department of Justice, Peace Corps, International Bank for Reconstruction & Development (IBRD), Food and Agriculture Organization, and Carrying Capacity Network.
Reining was also actively involved in various organizations. She served as Secretary of the AAAS Section H (Anthropology) and was a founding member of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) Task Force on AIDS. She was also a fellow of the African Studies Association, AAA, AAAS, East African Academy, Society for Applied Anthropology, and Washington Academy of Science. In 1990, she was honored with a Distinguished Service Award from AAA.
Reining died of lung cancer at the age of 84 on July 19, 2007.
PR Vita. Series 10. Biographical and Personal Files. Priscilla Reining Papers. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Morán, Emilio F. 2000. The Ecosystem Approach in Anthropology: From Concept to Practice. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. Page 359
Schudel, Matt. 2007. Anthropologist Broke Ground on AIDS, Satellite Mapping. Washington Post, July 29. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07/28/AR2007072801190.html (accessed December 8, 2011).
1923 -- Born March 11 in Chicago, Illinois
1944 -- Marries Conrad C. Reining
1945 -- Earns A.B. from University of Chicago
1947, 1950-51 -- Conducts field research on the Ojibwa of Red Lake Indian Reservation in Minnesota.
1949 -- Earns A.M. from University of Chicago
1951-1953, 1954-1955 -- Field research on Haya of Tanzania
1967 -- Earns Ph.D. from University of Chicago
1972 -- Returns to Tanzania for IBRD consultancy work
1974 -- Begins working at AAAS as a research associate in the Office of International Science
1975 -- Project Director, AAAS
1976 -- Field research on Kikuyu of Kenya for Ethnography of Reproduction
1986-89 -- Program Director, AAAS
1990 -- Courtesy Professor of African Studies at University of Florida Receives Distinguished Service Award from AAA
1993 -- Field research in Tanzania studying environmental consequences of population growth and HIV/AIDS among the Haya
2007 -- Dies of lung cancer at the age of 84 on July 19
Additional materials at the NAA relating to Priscilla Reining can be found in the papers of Gordon Gibson and John Murra, as well as in the records of the Center for the Study of Man and the records of the Department of Anthropology. Photo Lot 97 contains two Haya photos taken by Reining that are not duplicated in this collection. The papers of her husband, Conrad Reining, are also at the NAA.
The archives of the American Association for the Advancement of Science also holds Reining's papers relating to her work for the organization.
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Priscilla Reining's sons, Robert Reining and Conrad Reining, in 2009.
The Priscilla Reining papers are open for research.
Some materials from the East African Medical Survey and Ethnography of Reproduction project contain personal medical history and are thus restricted. Grant applications sent to Reining to review are also restricted as well as her students' grades, and recommendation letters Reining wrote for her students. Electronic records are also restricted.
A small portion of the materials relating to Reining's Haya research, Ethnography of Reproduction project, and IBRD ujamaa research suffered severe mold damage. These materials have been cleaned and may be accessed. The legibility of some of the documents, however, is limited due to water and mold stains. Mold odor is also still present.
The records of Henri Gallery, a Washington, D.C. gallery that showed painters from the Washington Color School and emerging artists, measure 55.4 linear feet and date from circa early 1900s, 1940 to 1996, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1957 to 1995. The gallery's relationship with artists and clients, exhibitions, sales, and other business is documented in alphabetical files containing a wide variety of materials, including correspondence, sales records, printed materials, photographs, slides, and motion picture film. Additional correspondence, newspaper clippings, 114 exhibition posters, scattered drawings, illustrated cards, and photographic materials are also found in the collection.
Scope and Contents:
The records of Henri Gallery, a Washington, D.C. gallery which showed painters from the Washington Color School and emerging artists, measure 55.4 linear feet and date from circa early 1900s, 1940 to 1996, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1957 to 1995. The gallery's relationship with artists and clients, exhibitions, sales, and other business is documented in alphabetical files containing a wide variety of materials, including correspondence, sales records, printed materials, photographs, slides, and motion picture film. Additional correspondence, newspaper clippings, 114 exhibition posters, scattered drawings, illustrated cards, and photographic materials are also found in the collection.
General Correspondence includes incoming business correspondence with artists, clients, galleries, and museums, regarding artwork, exhibitions, and other business issues. Also found here are holiday cards, handmade cards, and illustrated correspondence.
The bulk of the records consist of Alphabetical Files contains materials regarding artists, clients, exhibitions, galleries, museums, and various subjects of interest, originally arranged alphabetically by folder title. Folders range in quantity and variety of materials, including correspondence, printed materials, photographs, sales and consignment records, resumes, price lists, and exhibition records. There are especially rich or extensive files for Darryl Abraham, Harry Anderson, Cynthia Bickley-Green, Robert Clements, Mary Beth Edelson, Leslie Exton, Colin Greenly, Mimi Herbert, Traute Ishida, Kiki Kogelnik, Ida Kohlmeyer, Ed McGowin, Tom Nakashima, Graeme Outerbridge, Martin Puryear, Italo Scanga, Robert Stackhouse, Philip Van Brunt, and May Wilson. Of interest is the complete series of Eleanor Antin's 100 Boots postcards.
The bulk of Printed Materials are newspaper clippings regarding artists, exhibitions, and Henri Gallery. There are also 114 posters dating from 1959-1979 from Henri Gallery exhibitions and other galleries' exhibitions of artists in which the Henri Gallery represented.
Artwork is comprised of loose drawings and sketches, many of Henri. Photographic Materials contains black and white photographs, scattered color photographs, snapshots, and slides of artwork, exhibitions, Henri, the galleries spaces, and the Not New shop. Most photographs are undated.
The collection is arranged as 5 series.
Series 1: General Correspondence, 1949-1996 (2.5 linear feet; Boxes 1-3, 55-56)
Series 2: Alphabetical Files, 1947-1996 (50.3 linear feet; Boxes 3-52, 55-57, OV58, FC 62-63)
Series 3: Printed Materials, circa early 1900s, 1940-1995 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 52-53, 57, OVs 59-61)
Series 4: Artwork, 1952-circa 1996 (5 folders; Boxes 53, 57)
Series 5: Photographic Materials, 1940s-1981 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 53-54, 57)
Biographical / Historical:
In 1957, Henrietta Ehrsam, known as "Henri," opened her eponymous gallery on South Royal Street in Alexandria, Virginia. Earlier, Henri and her partner Florie King had sold clothing, antiques, accessories and decorative arts alongside works of art at their consignment shop "Not New" in the same location.
In the 1960s, Henri showed painters Gene Davis, Thomas Downing, and Howard Mehring of the Washington Color School. In the summer of 1967, Henri Gallery moved to 1500 21st Street NW, closer to the Dupont Circle art galleries in Washington, D.C. Henri showed many young and emerging artists, including Cynthia Bickley-Green, William Christenberry, Mary Beth Edelson, Ed McGowin, and Robert Stackhouse. In 1970, Henri opened a second location, Henri 2, at 1875 Connecticut Ave. NW to exhibit large scale works. In 1972, Henri 2 held Martin Puryear's first solo exhibition in the United States. Henri passed away in 1996 and both gallery locations closed shortly thereafter.
Henri donated the Henri Gallery records in three accessions between 1980 - 1981. Henri's daughter, Helen Schnoebelen donated additional records in 1996.
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
The Henri Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
On June 20, 1908, President Theodore Roosevelt wrote Charles D. Walcott, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution concerning Roosevelt's proposed trip to Africa.
Roosevelt offered to take two naturalist-taxidermists selected by the United States National Museum (USNM) for the purpose of caring for specimens that might be acquired.
The offer was accepted and eventually three naturalists were chosen to accompany the expedition. Edgar Alexander Mearns was selected as head naturalist and bird-collector,
Edmund Heller was to care for the large mammals and John Alden Loring was to have charge of the small mammal collecting.
The party left New York March 23, 1909 and sailed for British East Africa. The route took them through the Azores, Gibraltar, Naples, Messina, the Suez Canal and Ismailya,
Aden and Italian Somaliland to Mombasa in British East Africa on April 21. From there, the expedition traveled by the Uganda Railway to Kapiti Plains where their safari awaited
them. The patty followed a route that took them to Nairobi, the vicinity of Mt. Kenja, the Loita Plains, Lake Victoria, Lake Albert and up the Nile to Khartoum. The expedition
broke up there on March 14, 1910.
The official photographer for the expedition was Roosevelt's son Kermit, although other members of the party also took a number of photographs, especially Edmund Heller.
Most of the photographs in this series are unidentified as to photographer. Major exceptions are those photographs that were used in Roosevelt's articles for Scribner's Magazine
and for which a credit line is given in the article.
Heller was to write up the descriptions of the mammals taken on the expedition for the Smithsonian Institution, but after a number of delays occasioned by Heller's trips
to Africa with Paul Rainey and to Peru for the National Geographic Society and Yale University, the work was turned over to Ned Hollister who wrote the 3-volume East African
Mammals in the United States National Museum as Bulletin 99 of the United States National Museum.
Within this series there are three groups of photographs. The first is an alphabetical file of mammal photographs. Negatives for these prints are either in negative books
A-E or in Photographic Services files. In the latter case the print will bear a file number by which the negative can be located. The following is a general guide to the contents
of those negative books. A detailed list can be found in each book.
Book A: Mammal photographs and negatives including zebra (1-6); rhinoceros (7-14); wart hog, filed under pigs (15-17); gazelle (18-20, 25-27, 97); topi, filed under damaliscus
(21-22); impala (23-24); hyaena (28-36); Jackal filed under canis (37-39); hippopotamus (40-47, 64-72); civet, filed under genetta (48-52, 98); civet ichneumia, filed under
mungo (53-57); primates (58-60, 94-96); hyrax (61-63, 87, 89, 100); waterbucks filed under kobus (73-74); hystrix (75-79); leopard (80-86, 88) and duiker, dikdik, filed under
madoqua (90-93, 99).
Book B: Mammal photographs and negatives including gazelle (1, 53, 56, 63-70); redunca (2-3); cheetah (4-5); felis, lion (6-9); giraffe (10-20, 58, 82-95, 100); rhinoceros
(21-25); cephalophus (26-27, 55); buffalo, filed under bos caffer (28-40); wildebeest, filed under gorgon (41-43, 51-52); warthog, filed under pig (44-46); kobus (47-49, 57);
gazelle, antelope and hartebeest, filed under bubalis (50, 54, 69); impala (59-61); bushbuck, filed under tragelaphus (62); eland filed under taurotragus (71-81); hyaena (96,
98); zebra (97) and jackal, filed under canis (99).
Book C: Mammal photographs and negatives including rhinoceros (1-17); zebra (18-21, 43-46); cheetah (22); lion, filed under felis (23-26, 47-48); mungo (27-29); jackal,
filed under canis (30-34, 80-85); gazelle, filed under gazelle (36) and tragela hus (35, 37); steinbok, filed under raphicerus (38); duiker, filed under cephalophus (39);
reedbuck, filed under redunca (40); hartebeest filed under bubalis (41, 52-53); wildebeest, filed under gorgon (42); bushbuck, filed under tragelaphus (49-51, 99); kobus,
filed under kobus 54-57, 62, 64-74) and redunca (63); oribi (58-61); giraffe (75-79); leopard (86-89) and hyaena (90-98, 100).
Book D: Mammal photographs and negatives including elephant (1-20, 64, 69-95, 98); monkey, filed under primates (21, 51-52); jackal, filed under canis (22-24); leopard
(25-27); bush pig (28-32); steinbok, filed under raphicerus (33, 37); oryx (34-36, 38, 63); gazelle (39-41, 53); buffalo, filed under bos caffer (42-44); eland, filed under
tarotragus (45-50, 99); topi, filed under damaliscus (54-56); hyaena (57-62); bushbuck, filed under tragelaphus (65-68); lion, filed under felis (96-97) and pedates (100).
Book E: Mammal photographs and negatives including kobus (1-15); rhinoceros (16-50, 87-89, 93); leopard (51-57); bushbuck, filed under tragela hus (58-60); hartebeest,
filed under bubalis (61-64); roan, filed under kobus (65-71); hippopotamus (72-78, 85-86); giraffe (79-84); zebra (90, 100); lion, filed under felis (91, 94-96), topi, filed
under damaliscus (92); lycaon (97-98) and sewal cat (99).
Negatives and prints missing: B - 4, 23a; C - 97, 100; D - 63, 64; E - 34, 47, 73-74, 77, 91
The second group includes those photographs whose negatives are not found in any of the negative books or which have no negatives. Included in this category are prints
of mammals not in the alphabetical file, other animal life, flora, photographs taken en route from New York to Mombasa, localities, activities and African peoples along the
expedition route and some of the photographs used in the Scribner's Magazine articles. Where negatives are available, their location is noted in the folder list.
The final group of photographs is a file of prints whose negatives are found in negative books, F-G and K-M or in Matographic Services files. The prints are arranged in
the order in which the negatives are arranged in the books and a general list of the contents follows. Again, a detailed list is available in each book.
Books F-G: Photographs and negatives of various subjects including flora, bird life, reptiles and lion hunt.
Books K-M: Photographs and negatives of various subjects including animals; camps and stations; participants on the expedition including Theodore Roosevelt, Sir Alfred
Pease, Mr. and Mrs. Percival, porters, guides and gun boys; African tribes met along the way including the Kikuyu, Shilluck and Meru and localities along the expedition route
including Mombasa, Kapiti Station, Londiani, Simba, Kibweza, Nairobi, Kivaheri, Nijeri, Naivasha, Bondoni, Mount Kenia, Kenya Lake, Meru, Sotik, Hoima, Kilima Kui, Loita Plains,
Nyeri, Guas Ngishu, Entebbe, Uganda, Lado Enclave, Mongalla, Kikandwo, Kisimbiri, Kiiabe Station, Butiaba, Wadelai and the Nile River.
Schwarzhans, W. W. & Moller, P. D. 2007. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory. 23: 53, 13, 14.
Australia, Queensland, One Tree Islet, Capricorn Group, lagoon side, a micro atoll, perhaps 100 yardds long, 50 yards wide, sandy silty center. About one mile from One Tree Island., Queensland, Australia, Pacific
Northwest Arkansas. Northwest Carroll County. Ozark Plateau: Province of White River Hills: Wooded NE facing slope along White River at Catron Bend, 5 miles NW of Eureka Springs., Arkansas, United States, North America
British poultry standards : complete specifications and judging points of all standardized breeds and varieties of poultry as compiled by the specialist affiliated breed clubs and recognized by the Poultry Club of Great Britain / co-edited by J. Ian H. Allonby, Philippe B. Wilson