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George Eaton Simpson photographs of the Caribbean and Nigeria

Creator:
Simpson, George Eaton, 1904-1998  Search this
Photographer:
Ramsey, Frederic, 1915-1995  Search this
Extent:
521 Prints (silver gelatin)
90 Negatives (acetate)
70 lantern slides
347 Negatives (nitrate)
185 color slides
4 Prints (Kodachrome color)
Culture:
Haitians  Search this
Trinidadians  Search this
Black Carib Indians  Search this
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Jamaicans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Negatives
Lantern slides
Color slides
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Trinidad
Ibadan (Nigeria)
Haiti
Jamaica
Date:
1936-1964
Scope and Contents note:
The collection documents George Eaton Simpson's fieldwork in Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad, and Nigeria and consists of 704 unique images. The 1936 images of Haiti were primarily made at Milot, Fort Liberté, and Cap Haitien. The 1937 images were predominantly taken in Plaisance, Haiti; these include images of people, buildings, houses, street views, coumbites (communal work groups), a wedding ceremony and procession, markets, social gatherings with drumming and dancing, dancing demonstrations, and Vodun ceremonies. Images of Jamaica in 1953 and 1957 were made primarily in Kingston, Spanish Town, and Morant Bay; these depict people, buildings, houses, outdoor scenes, Revival Zion leaders and ceremonies, Jonkonnu (John Canoe) dancers, Rastafarian activists and leaders, and Kumina-related instruments. Images from Trinidad in 1960 primarily depict Maracas Bay, Tunapuna, and Port of Spain, and relate to the Shango Cult and the Spiritual Baptists (sometimes referred to as Shouters); included are religious participants, ceremonies, processions, baptisms, temples, and shrines and altars. The Nigerian images date to 1964, and largely depict subjects in Ibadan and Lalupon, including people, markets, a dance festival, temples, ceremonies, and shrines.

The photographs were primarily made by Simpson, but some were made in Jamaica by Frederic Ramsey, Jr. Many prints and slides are annotated by Simpson. The collection also includes a few reprints of articles based on Simpson's field work and words and musical transcription from Savalou Ricourt, a musician of Port au Prince in 1937.
Biographical/Historical note:
George Eaton Simpson (1904-1998) was an anthropologist who researched the various social aspects of Caribbean religions. Simpson received his BS from Coe College (1926), his MA from the University of Missouri (1927), and his PhD from the University of Pennsylvania (1934). He taught in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Oberlin College from 1947-1971. Simpson conducted fieldwork in numerous locales, including Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad and Nigeria, focusing primarily on Caribbean religions such as Vodun in Haiti, Rastafarianism in Jamaica, and the Spiritual Baptists in Trinidad. He is the author of numerous articles and books, including "The Vodun Service in Northern Haiti," "The Shango Cult in Nigeria and Trinidad," and Black Religions in the New World.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 93-14
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Simpson's film footage of Plaisance, Haiti, held in Human Studies Film Archives HSFA 92.12.1.
Additional photographs from Simpson held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 2001-24.
Oberlin College Archives holds the George E. Simpson Papers, 1940-1985.
Sound recordings by Simpson held in the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections in the Folkways Records Collection and the Moses and Frances Asch Collection.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Dwellings  Search this
Spiritual Baptist -- Trinidad and Tobago  Search this
Orisha religion  Search this
Revivals  Search this
Rastafari movement  Search this
Voodooism  Search this
Schools  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Fishing  Search this
Markets  Search this
Dance  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Cooking  Search this
Drummers (Musicians)  Search this
Christian sects  Search this
Religion  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Lantern slides
Citation:
Photo Lot 93-14, George Eaton Simpson photographs of the Caribbean and Nigeria, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.93-14
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-93-14
Additional Online Media:

Toward world understanding with song [sound recording] / compiled and edited by Nye, Nye, and Nye

Editor:
Nye, Robert Evans  Search this
Nye, Vernice Trousdale  Search this
Nye, Virginia  Search this
Performer:
Bennett, Louise 1919-2006  Search this
Seeger, Pete 1919-2014  Search this
Morales, Luz  Search this
Nye, Hermes  Search this
Mills, Alan 1912-1977  Search this
Mok, Ellie Mao  Search this
Armstrong, Gerry  Search this
Dreyer, Ora  Search this
Houston, Cisco  Search this
Ben-Ezra, Miriam  Search this
Lacombe, Gilbert  Search this
Diaz, Martina  Search this
Diaz, Maria Eugenia  Search this
Armstrong, George Douglas 1927-1993  Search this
Vopel, Erica  Search this
Schlamme, Martha  Search this
Harvesters (Musical group)  Search this
Wagonners (Musical group)  Search this
Physical description:
2 phonograph records : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Culture:
Anglo-American  Search this
Americans  Search this
Jamaicans  Search this
Swiss  Search this
Canadians  Search this
Chinese  Search this
Filipinos  Search this
Bakhtiari  Search this
South Africans  Search this
Israelis  Search this
Indonesians  Search this
Puerto Ricans  Search this
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Nigerians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Germans  Search this
Type:
Phonograph records
Date:
1966
Topic:
Folk music  Search this
Children's songs  Search this
Music--Instruction and study  Search this
Local number:
Folkways 5720
Restrictions & Rights:
Access by appointment
See more items in:
Folkways Records Collection 1948-1986
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_232438

The world of man. Vol. 2 [sound recording] : religions / story and narration by Harold Courlander

Narrator:
Courlander, Harold 1908-1996  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 10 in
Culture:
Maori (New Zealand people)  Search this
Kiwi  Search this
Sioux  Search this
American Indian  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Jews, Ethiopian  Search this
Jews  Search this
Ethiopians  Search this
Indian  Search this
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Nigerians  Search this
Cubans  Search this
Japanese  Search this
Inuit  Search this
Type:
Phonograph records
Date:
1958
Topic:
Sacred music  Search this
Folklore  Search this
Local number:
FW07432
Folkways 7432
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access
See more items in:
Folkways Records Collection 1948-1986
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_232646
Additional Online Media:

A reading of primitive and archaic poetry [sound recording] / arranged by Jerome Rothenberg, with David Antin, Jackson Maclow, and Rochelle Owens

Reader:
Rothenberg, Jerome 1931-  Search this
Antin, David  Search this
Mac Low, Jackson  Search this
Owens, Rochelle  Search this
Cover designer:
Clyne, Ronald 1925-2006  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Culture:
Witoto Indians  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Maori (New Zealand people)  Search this
New Zealanders  Search this
Aztecs  Search this
Pygmies  Search this
Gabonese  Search this
Australians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Dine  Search this
Americans  Search this
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Nigerians  Search this
Algonquin Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Egyptians  Search this
Ayacucho  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Type:
Phonograph records
Collections
Date:
1968
Topic:
Poetry--Indigenous peoples  Search this
Storytelling  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Local number:
Folkways 9801
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access
See more items in:
Folkways Records Collection 1948-1986
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_233086

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