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William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs

Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Names:
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891  Search this
Extent:
61 Photographic prints
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Northern Inunaina (Northern Arapaho)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Northern Tsitsistas (Northern Cheyenne)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Fort Laramie (Wyo.)
Kansas
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1866-1868
Summary:
Alexander Gardner (1821-1882) was a photographer best known for his portraits of President Abraham Lincoln, his American Civil War photographs, and his photographs of American Indian delegations. This collection contains 61 albumen prints that were shot by Gardner circa 1866-1868 and held in General William T. Sherman's personal collection. Photographs depict American Indian tribes and Peace Commissioners involved in the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty; photographs shot along the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division in 1867; and photographs of American Indian delegations visiting Washington, D. C. from 1866-1868.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 61 albumen prints that were shot by photographer Alexander Gardner circa 1866-1868 and held in General William T. Sherman's personal collection. Among the photographs are depictions that were shot in and around Fort Laramie, Wyoming during the 1868 peace treaty negotiations between the U.S. Government and tribal leaders from several American Indian Northern Plains tribes including Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux), Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Northern Tsitsistas (Northern Cheyenne), and Northern Inunaina (Northern Arapaho); survey photographs shot in Kansas in 1867 for the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division (later renamed the Kansas Pacific Railway); and portraits of American Indian delegates in Washington, D.C. including Dakota (Eastern Sioux), Kaw (Kansa), Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux), and Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox) tribes, 1866-1868. Some of the photographs in this collection, particularly those in Series 2, may have been shot by photographers working with Gardner such as Dr. William A. Bell (1841-1921), William Redish Pywell, and Lawrence Gardner (Alexander Gardner's son).
Arrangement:
This collection is intellectually arranged in three series. Series 1: Fort Laramie, Wyoming, Series 2: Kansas Pacific Railroad, Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C.

The photographs are physically arranged in eight boxes according to the following: size, conservation work, and series. Within each box they are arranged by photo number. The photographs in boxes 1-4 had conservation work performed by a photo conservator in 2014.
Biographical / Historical:
Alexander Gardner (1821-1882) was a photographer best known for his portraits of President Abraham Lincoln, his American Civil War photographs, and his photographs of American Indian delegations.

Gardner was born in Paisley, Scotland on October 17, 1821 to James Gardner and Jean Glenn. He worked in a number of positions including as a jeweler, journalist, and editor before entering the field of photography circa 1855.

In 1856, Gardner immigrated to the United States with his wife Margaret Sinclair Gardner, his son Lawrence Gardner, and his daughter Eliza Gardner and later that year he began working as a photographer in Mathew Brady's gallery in New York. While working for Brady, it is thought that Gardner invented the "imperial print," a large photograph printed on approximately 21 x 17 inch paper that was often enhanced with hand-coloring and ink. Wealthy politicians and businessmen were among the clients who sat for their photographic portraits in the Brady studio and paid as much as $50- $500 per imperial print (today the equivalent of about $1,000 to 10,000).

By 1858, Gardner was managing Brady's gallery at 352 Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. When the U.S. Civil War broke out in 1861, Gardner was part of Brady's photography team that documented battle aftermaths and military campsites for the Union. Gardner left the Brady studio circa late 1862 and established his own studio in Washington, D.C. where he continued photographing the war along with his brother James Gardner, and other former Brady photographers including Timothy O'Sullivan.

During the war he documented the remnants of important battle scenes including the Battle of Antietam (1862) and the Battle of Gettysburg (1863). Gardner published 100 of his Civil War images in the publication Gardner's Photographic Sketchbook of the War. The two volume work included photographs shot by additional photographers including O'Sullivan and John Reekie.

In addition to war photography, Gardner was also a portrait photographer and photographed many civilians, soldiers, and politicians in Washington, D.C. Between the years 1861-1865, Gardner photographed President Abraham Lincoln on seven different occasions, including both inaugurations, as well as studio portrait sittings. On July 7, 1865, Gardner was the only photographer allowed to photograph the execution of four conspirators in the President Lincoln assassination.

In 1866, Gardner along with Antonio Zeno Shindler and Julian Vannerson were contracted to photograph portraits of American Indian delegates visiting Washington, D.C. Between the years 1866 to 1868, Gardner photographed many tribes in his studio including Iowa, Sac and Fox, Kaw (Kansa), Dakota, and Lakota. In 1868, Gardner was hired by the U.S. Government to serve as photographer for the peace talks that took place in Fort Laramie, Wyoming. During this trip, Gardner photographed the Lakota (Sioux), Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Northern Tsitsistas (Northern Cheyenne), and Northern Inunaina (Northern Arapaho) tribes. Among the government officials at Fort Laramie that Gardner photographed was General William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891). Sherman served as a General for the Union Army during the Civil War and later in 1869 became the Commanding General of the U.S. Army under President Ulysses Grant's administration. A member of the Peace Commission established in 1867, Sherman traveled to negotiate treaties with American Indian Plains tribes. Upon returning to Washington, D.C., Gardner published a set of his Fort Laramie photographs in the publication, Scenes in Indian Country. Members of the Peace Commission were given photo portfolios and it is believed that the photos in this collection may have been from General Sherman's personal set. Gardner went on to become the official photographer for the Office of Indian Affairs in 1872.

In his later years, Gardner also was involved in philanthropic causes, such as helping to establish the Masonic Mutual Relief Association which aided widows and orphans of Master Masons. He also founded the Saint John's Mite Association which provided aid to the poor in Washington, D.C. Alexander Gardner died in Washington, D.C. in 1882.
Related Materials:
Alexander Gardner photographs are housed in many archival and museum repositories. Photographs from the Scenes in Indian Country series are also held in the Newberry Library in Chicago, the Missouri Historical Society, the Minnesota Historical Society, and the St. Louis Mercantile Library in Missouri.
Provenance:
The photographs in this collection were originally owned by General William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) and may have been part of a portfolio of photographs that Alexander Gardner gifted to Sherman and other Fort Laramie Treaty peace commissioners. Photographs were then donated to the Museum of the American Indian (MAI) by Sherman's son P(hilemon) Tecumseh Sherman (1867-1941) in May 1932 and by Sherman's granddaughter Eleanor Sherman Fitch (1876-1959) in March 1942.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Railroads -- Construction  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4e897a264-bea6-4416-b04d-25e2701c060d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-077
Online Media:

Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke) Crow men and women gathered at Fort Laramie for the 1868 treaty signing

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 7
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1868
Scope and Contents:
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke) Crow men and women gathered at Fort Laramie for the 1868 treaty signing. From left to right they are: Grey Blanket, White Horse, White Fawn, unidentified child, Black Foot, Little Face (seated next to child), Yellow Bull, and an unidentified woman.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P15388
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 1: Fort Laramie, Wyoming / 1.3: American Indians at Fort Laramie, Wyoming / 1.3.3: Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4d52c9de5-c586-45da-a9db-cc055c468dcd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref100

Sophie Mosseau and six Indian Peace Commissioners

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 6
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1868
Scope and Contents:
Sophie Mosseau (standing in middle) and six Indian Peace Commissioners at Fort Laramie for the 1868 treaty signing. The Commissioners are from left to right General Alfred Howe Terry, General William S. Harney, General William Tecumseh Sherman, John B. Sanborn, Colonel Samuel F. Tappan, and General Christopher C. Auger. According to a photograph in the Autry Museum of the American West, Sophie Mosseau was the daughter of a Lakota mother and French-Canadian trapper. However, in other museum records, there are other conflicting identifications.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P15389
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 1: Fort Laramie, Wyoming / 1.3: American Indians at Fort Laramie, Wyoming / 1.3.2: Lakota
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv43e6b1d26-d8d4-45a4-a8e6-e838a3c7a755
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref101

Indian Peace Commissioners in council with the Northern Cheyenne and Northern Arapaho

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1868
Scope and Contents:
Indian Peace Commissioners in council with the Northern Cheyenne and Northern Arapaho. The Commissioners are from left to right: Colonel Samuel F. Tappan, General William S. Harney, General W.T. Sherman, John B. Sanborn, General Christopher C. Augur, General Alfred H. Terry, and Ashton S. H. White (secretary).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P15390
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 1: Fort Laramie, Wyoming / 1.3: American Indians at Fort Laramie, Wyoming / 1.3.4: Northern Tsitsistas (Northern Cheyenne) and Northern Inunaina (Northern Arapaho)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45bb6f708-b425-40cd-abe3-055019bda19e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref102

Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox) delegates, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1866
Scope and Contents:
Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox) delegates identified as (left to right) Tar-a-kee (Deer Ham), Lag-er-lash (British), Pe-ti-o-ki-ma (Hard Fish), and Too-hi (Briar).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10113
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.5: Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47582ac33-e659-45c0-99e7-42eebb5ac88d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref33

Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox) delegates, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1867
Scope and Contents:
Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox) delegates and their interpreter.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10117
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.5: Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv498673ba1-8eb8-49ce-9c4a-da5990206ab6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref34

Kaw (Kansa) delegates, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1867
Scope and Contents:
Seven Kaw delegates in traditional clothing. In the back row from left to right they are: Kahtega (son of Wahtiangah), possibly No-pa-wy (Nohaway), unidentified, unidentified, and Wahtiangah. In the front row from left to right they are: unidentified, unidentified, and Allegawaho.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10138
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.3: Kaw (Kansa)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4e840911c-f8f2-4055-92ea-17b8acb086cd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref36

Itazipacola Lakota (Sans Arc Sioux) and Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux) delegates and an interpreter, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
February 23, 1867
Scope and Contents:
Itazipacola Lakota (Sans Arc Sioux) and Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux) delegates and an interpreter. From left to right they are: Medicine Bull (Ta-ta-ka-wa-kan), an unidentified interpreter (possibly Samuel D. Hinman, 1839-1890), Iron Nation (1815-1894), and Yellow Hawk.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10139
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.4: Lakota
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4db6c43b6-0116-4fb8-9df0-4841b4eeee0a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref37

Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux) delegate, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
February 23, 1867
Scope and Contents:
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux) delegate, Head Chief Ma-za-o-ya-ti (Iron Nation).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10136
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.4: Lakota
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv43bff6754-f1f2-418f-97af-bd6ef06bc742
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref38

Wahpetonwan Dakota delegate, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
February 23, 1867
Scope and Contents:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Sisseton-Wahlpeton Sioux) delegate Wa-ka-te (the Shooter).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10137
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.2: Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4de9ec480-edec-45db-95b9-6d8fc6f92766
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref39

Kaw (Kansa) delegate, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
February 23, 1867
Scope and Contents:
Kaw delegate, possibly No-pa-wy, Washington, D.C.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10140
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.3: Kaw (Kansa)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv475303008-8433-4a2e-9391-91baac47488d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref40

Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox) delegates, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1868
Scope and Contents:
Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox) delegates with an interpreter and agent. From left to right they are: Chief Pa-tek-kwa, Chief Mo-Ko-Ho-Ko, unidentified man, Chief Moses Keokuk (1821-1903), Commissioner of Indian Affairs Nathaniel G. Taylor (1819-1887), Chief Uk-wka-ho-ko, unidentified man, Chief Che-ko-skuk, unidentified man, and possibly Wa-com-mo. The two unidentified non-Indian men may be George Powers (interpreter) or Augustus Brosius (Indian Agent).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10141
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.5: Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4836a44ad-72f9-4a1d-8908-6293013f6cbc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref41

American Indian delegates at White House in Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
February 23, 1867
Scope and Contents:
American Indian delegates posing with President Andrew Johnson (1808-1875; standing center balcony, third from left) outside the White House in Washington, D.C. Delegates include individuals from the Ihanktonwan Nakota (Yankton Sioux), Dakota (Eastern Sioux), Santee, Upper Missouri Sioux, Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox), Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa), Ottawa, Kickapoo, and Miami tribes. Also included in the photo are Commissioner Lewis Bogy (center balcony, second from left), and Secretary of the Interior Orville H. Browning (center balcony, fourth from left), and Father Pierre-Jean De Smet (right balcony, second from left).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10142
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.1: Multicultural
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4f787d89e-3aca-4b86-ac25-6e982ca26fbd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref42

Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox) delegates, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1868
Scope and Contents:
Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox) delegates. From left to right they are: Chief Man-a-to-wah (Manotowa), Charles Keokuk (ca. 1855-1904, standing, son of Chief Keokuk), Chief Moses Keokuk (1821-1903), Chief Qua-qua-ouf-pe-ka (Kwak-kwa-ouf-pe-kwa), and an unidentified man.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10143
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.5: Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4c621d3f6-ddda-4aca-8e78-0286fb647db7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref43

Ihanktonwan Nakota delegate Black Eagle, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
February 23, 1867
Scope and Contents:
Ihanktonwan Nakota (Yankton Sioux) delegate Wan-mdi-sa-pa (Wan-mdi-sha-pa; Black Eagle).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10144
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.2: Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4cb360594-d024-4198-b6f8-ecaa1752517b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref44

Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux) delegate, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
February 23, 1867
Scope and Contents:
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux) delegate, Head Chief Ma-za-o-ua-ti (Iron Nation).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10145
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.4: Lakota
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv41d86fb2f-7235-433a-a7e9-307242665519
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref45

Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux) delegate, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
February 23, 1867
Scope and Contents:
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux) delegate Medicine Bull.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10146
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.4: Lakota
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4bde17d1a-5c71-4d50-b8c3-36d5a4748c05
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref46

Ihanktonwan Nakota delegate, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
February 23, 1867
Scope and Contents:
Ihanktonwan Nakota (Yankton Sioux) delegate Si-ha-han-ska (Long Foot).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10147
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.2: Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4e68bb47f-7c16-4d0a-97f9-8b63330dcfc5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref47

Ihanktonwan Nakota delegate, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
February 23, 1867
Scope and Contents:
Ihanktonwan Nakota (Yankton Sioux) delegate Wa-jin-ka (Zin-tka-chi-stin; Little Bird).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10148
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.2: Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv41cab97e2-f9cb-4cb4-a129-27d3e0a4b6ac
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref48

Ihanktonwan Nakota delegates, Washington, D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
February 23, 1867
Scope and Contents:
Ihanktonwan Nakota (Yankton Sioux) delegates Si-ha-han-ska (Long Foot) on left and Wa-jin-ka (Zin-tka-chi-stin; Little Bird) on right.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10149
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.2: Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4b6370973-e0c8-4236-9e3b-d402e4dfac21
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref49

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