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Julian Black Scrapbooks of Joe Louis

Creator:
Black, Julian, Mrs.  Search this
Black, Julian (boxing manager)  Search this
Names:
Jacobs, Mike  Search this
Louis, Joe, 1914-1981  Search this
Roxborough, John  Search this
Extent:
109 Volumes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Scrapbooks
Clippings
Date:
1935-1944
Summary:
The collection consists of 109 scrapbooks of newspaper clippings assembled by Julian Black, manager of Joe Louis, heavyweight boxing champion from 1937 to 1949. They document Louis's career from 1935 to 1944.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of 109 scrapbooks of newspaper clippings assembled by Julian Black, manager of Joe Louis, heavyweight boxing champion from 1937 to 1949. They document Louis's career from 1935 to 1944. Louis became one of America's most celebrated sports figures both for his extraordinary boxing skills and for his role as a symbol of national pride, especially in his bouts with the German champion Max Schmeling. His national respect and international prominence stood in ironic contrast to the nation's legal and social practices of racial segregation.

Joe Louis's manager, Julian Black, assembled three sets of scrapbooks to document Louis's career. This collection consists of ninety-two volumes from Black's set, sixteen volumes from a similar but not identical set of scrapbooks assembled for Louis, and one oversize miscellaneous volume.

The third set of scrapbooks belonged to John W. Roxborough, Joe's manager or co-manager from 1933 to 1948. It is held by the Bentley Historical Library at the University of Michigan. This set contains ninety-four volumes covering the period 1935 to November 1941. Part of this collection has been microfilmed. Although the numbering of the volumes in each of the three sets is different it appears that each set has the same information.

The scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings from throughout the United States and Canada from 1935 to 1944 and articles from Ring magazine. This collection documents Joe Louis's fights from June 25, 1935, through 1944, including championship fights from June 22, 1937, through September 29, 1941. (The Steve Ketchel fight on January 11, 1937, in Buffalo is not represented. See the scrapbook volume listing at the end of this guide.)

The scrapbooks were assembled with great care using high-quality binding and paper. The clippings are neatly mounted and show great attention to detail. All clippings are identified by the name of the paper; the day of the week and the date; and the author, artist, or photographer. Clippings include full-length articles and brief sketches, cartoons, photographs, and records and statistics of the boxers. The clippings are grouped in volumes by each of Louis's fights and then arranged chronologically.

Hundreds of major and minor newspapers throughout the United States and Canada are represented in the scrapbooks. Coverage extends from very large metropolitan dailies to small-town newspapers. Among the newspapers represented are titles as diverse as: Akron Beacon Journal; Daily Colonist, Victoria, British Columbia; Shreveport Times; Tribune Tulsa; and the Worchester Daily Telegraph.

While these scrapbooks are about the Joe Louis fights, there is a wealth of material on many other people connected with boxing in this period, including all of Joe Louis's opponents, his trainer, his managers, his promoter Mike Jacobs, and most of the sports reporters and writers of the time. Anyone of any importance connected with boxing during this period can be found in the pages of these volumes. There are also retrospective articles on earlier boxers and historical fights.

The two sets of scrapbooks in this collection are numbered separately: the Julian Black Scrapbooks, Volumes 1-92; and the Joe Louis Scrapbooks, Volumes 17-20, 52-58, 61-63, and 71 and 72. Although much of the same material is found in both sets, there are sufficient differences in content and in physical condition of the volumes. The container list indicates the relationship between the two sets. The 109th volume consists of an oversize miscellaneous scrapbook of random news clippings, 1941-1944, of later Louis matches.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series. Clippings arranged chronologically in scrapbooks, grouped in volumes.

Series 1: Julian Black Volumes, 1935-1941

Series 2: Joe Louis Volumes, 1936-1940
Biographical note:
Joe Louis Barrow, the seventh child of Monroe and Lily Barrow, was born May 13, 1914 in a cabin in the cotton fields of Lexington, Alabama. While Joe was still a young boy, his father suffered a mental breakdown and later died in the Searcy State Hospital near mobile, Alabama. His mother later married Pat Brooks, a widower with many children of his own, and the combined family moved to Detroit when Joe was ten.

After an introduction to boxing and lessons by his friend Thurston McKinney, Joe tried his luck at competition. The Brewster East Side Gymnasium became a second home for him. At sixteen he entered his first amateur tournament.

Joe Louis was an outstanding amateur. He lost only four decisions in fifty-four fights, and forty-one of his wins were by a knockout. Joe fought his last amateur fight on April 13, 1934, in St. Louis.

John Roxborough had encouraged Louis as an amateur and became his manager when Joe turned pro. Roxborough hired Jack Blackburn, a boxer himself, to coach and train the young Joe Louis. At this time Roxborough also teamed up with Julian Black of Chicago in a business venture that carried over into the management of Joe Louis.

Joe's professional debut took place in Bacon's Arena in Chicago on July 4, 1934. He decisively defeated Jack Kracken for a fifty-dollar purse. Only four of his first twenty-seven foes lasted all fifteen rounds.

As Joe Louis worked his way up the ladder as a contender for the heavyweight championship he acquired the nickname the "Brown Bomber." On May 14, 1935, one day after his twenty-first birthday, the young pugilist signed a ten-year contract with Julian Black. The contract stipulated that fifty percent of Joe Louis's gross earnings from boxing contests, exhibitions, movies, and radio would go to Julian Black. Jack Blackburn, the trainer, was paid from Joe's portion of the money. John Roxborough, the other manager, claimed "to have a contract for twenty-five percent of Louis's gross earnings for an indefinite period."

The newly organized 20th Century Sporting Club, with Mike Jacobs as promoter, operated in competition with Madison Square Garden. The club signed the promising young boxer to an exclusive contract. Joe's first appearance in a New York ring took place at Yankee Stadium on June 25, 1935, against Primo Carnera. Joe KO'd Carnera in the sixth round. On September 24, 1935, also at Yankee Stadium, Joe knocked out Max Baer in the fourth round.

After winning twenty-seven straight fights, including twenty-three KO's, Louis was the heir apparent to James J. Braddock's heavyweight title. On June 19, 1936 he battled max Schmeling, the former champ who was considered washed up. Schmeling surprised everyone by punishing and then finishing Louis off with a twelfth-round knockout.

A year later, in his thirty-sixth professional fight, Joe Louis won the heavyweight crown at twenty three years of age by defeating Jim Braddock in Chicago in eight rounds. Braddock fought Louis to avoid a fight with Max Schmeling and the possible loss of the title to a German. Braddock, however, insisted on a percentage of Louis's future purses. It is generally believed he received ten percent of all Joe's earnings over a period of fifteen years.

After defeating two easy opponents, Louis met max Schmeling in a dramatic rematch on June 22, 1938. Like Jesse Owens in the Berlin Olympic Games, Louis symbolized American democracy versus an increasingly menacing Nazi Germany. The irony of a black hero representing a racially segregated society in a symbolic battle between freedom and oppression was not lost on all Americans and, although Louis himself was not a political activist, his example added fuel to the movement for racial equality and civil rights. Louis defeated Schmeling in two minutes and four seconds of the first round.

In the following years promoter Jacobs searched for opponents for Louis. After defeating five former champions - Carnera, Baer, Sharkey, Braddock, and Schmeling-the pickings were slim. on January 25, 1939, Joe "squared-off" with the first Black to fight him professionally -- John Henry Lewis (great-great nephew of Tom Molineaux, the first of America's Black heavyweight champions). Lewis was the light-heavyweight champion of the world and a natural 175 "pounder." He and Joe were close personal friends outside of the ring. Nevertheless, Joe totally outclassed Lewis in the ring.

Joe Louis defended his title twenty times before World War II interrupted his career. He was eventually classified 1-A and inducted into the Army. During the winter of 1941-1942 he staged bouts for the Navy and Army. The service relief fund received $75,000 from the purse of each fight. While in the service the Brown Bomber traveled extensively, giving boxing exhibitions and refereeing bouts. For his service on behalf of the armed forces, he received a citation from the United States government.

Louis retired an undefeated champion March 1, 1949. He came out of retirement and lost a fifteen-round decision to Ezzard Charles on September 27, 1950 at Yankee Stadium. He won eight more fights from the end of 1950 until the fall of 1951. However, on October 26, 1951, Louis lost by a knockout in the eighth round to Rocky Marciano. He retired for good after this comeback attempt. For many years after he retired, Joe had income tax problems and other financial problem. He also underwent a brief stay in a Denver psychiatric hospital. Joe Louis died in 1981.
Joe Louis Heavyweight Championship Fights, 1937-1950:
1937 June 22 -- Joe Louis knocked out James J. Braddock, 8 rounds, Chicago.

1937 August 30 -- Joe Louis defeated TOUT Farr, 15 rounds, decision, New York City.

1937 August 30 -- Joe Louis defeated TOUT Farr, 15 rounds, decision, New York City.

1938 February 23 -- Joe Louis knocked Out Nathan Mann, 3 rounds, New York City.

1938 April 1 -- Joe Louis knocked out Harry Thomas, 5 rounds, New York city.

1938 June 22 -- Joe Louis knocked out Max Schmeling, one round,, New York City.

1939 January 25 -- Joe Louis knocked out John H. Lewis, one round, New York City.

1939 April 17 -- Joe Louis knocked out Jack Roper, one round, Los Angeles.

1939 June 28 -- Joe Louis knocked out Tony Galento, 4 rounds, New York city.

1939 September 30 -- Joe Louis knocked out Bob Pastor, 11 rounds, Detroit, Michigan.

1940 February 9 -- Joe Louis defeated Arturo Godoy, 15 rounds,decision, New York City.

1940 March 29 -- Joe Louis knocked out John Paychek, 2 rounds, New York city.

1940 June 20 -- Joe Louis knocked out Arturo Godoy, 8 rounds, New York city.

1940 Decenber 16 -- Joe Louis knocked out Al McCoy, 6 rounds, Boston.

1941 January 31 -- Joe Louis knocked Out Red Burman, 5 rounds, New York city.

1941 February 17 -- Joe Louis knocked out Gus Dorazio, 2 rounds, Philadelphia.

1941 March 21 -- Joe Louis knocked out Abe Simon, 13 rounds, Detroit, Michigan.

1941 April 8 -- Joe Louis knocked out Tony musto, 9 rounds, St. Louis, Misssouri.

1941 May 23 -- Joe Louis beat Buddy Baer, 7 rounds, Washington, D.C., on a disqualification.

1941 June 18 -- Joe Louis knocked out Billy Conn, 13 rounds, New York city.

1941 September 29 -- Joe Louis knocked out Lou Nova, 6 rounds, New York city.

1942 January 9 -- Joe Louis knocked out Buddy Baer, one round,, New York City.

1942 March 27 -- Joe Louis knocked out Abe Simon, 6 rounds, New York city.

1946 June 19 -- Joe Louis knocked out Billy Conn, 8 rounds, New York city.

1946 September 13 -- Joe Louis knocked out Tami Mauriello, one round, New York City.

1947 December 5 -- Joe Louis defeated Joe Walcott in a 15-round bout by a split decision, New York city.

1948 June 25 -- Joe Louis knocked out Joe Walcott 11 rounds, New York city.

1950 September 27 -- Ezzard Charles defeated Joe Louis in latter's attempted comeback, 15 rounds, New York City.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Mrs. Julian Black in two installments to the Division of Community Life (now the Division of Home and Community Life), National Museum of American History: twenty-two volumes in 1976 and eighty-seven volumes in 1977.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use of microfiche and microfilm recommended. Some original volumes are fragile.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American athletes  Search this
Boxers (Sports) -- 1930-1950  Search this
Sports -- 1930-1950  Search this
Boxing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Clippings -- 1930-1950
Citation:
Julian Black Scrapbooks of Joe Louis, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0002
See more items in:
Julian Black Scrapbooks of Joe Louis
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0002
Online Media:

MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology -- History  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Items have been tentatively identified and individually cataloged. Subjects include Hewitt, J. N. B.; Cushing, Frank H.; Powell, Johns Wesley; Hemenway, Mrs. August; Sapir, Edward; Hodge, F. W.; Radin, Paul; Kroeber, Alfred; Michelson, Truman; Fewkes, J. W.; Skinner, Alanson; Indian interest groups; Parker, Arthur C.; McGee, W. J. ; Swanton, J. R.; Walcott, Charles D.; Curtis, Charles; Bottineau, J. B.; medicine; Native American Church; religion; U. S. Army; war; Kiowa; Cheyenne; Boas, Franz; physical anthropology; Brown, John Mason; Trumbull, J. H.; Algonquin; astronomy; Thomas, Cyrus; Ten Tribes.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647
Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1647
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1647

Letters and notes collected by J.N.B. Hewitt

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Bottineau, Jno. B. (John B.)  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Names:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Relating to efforts to place Hewitt on a contract basis with the B.A.E. Includes portion of letter probably to F. W. Hodge written after May 14, 1909, presenting Hewittʹs case. Also includes comment on Hewittʹs work by J. W. Powell, June 9, 1900; Charles D. Walcott to Senator Charles Curtis, January 16, 1911; copy of a letter, W. J. McGee to Hewitt, July 25, 1909; and J. B. Bottineau to Curtis, February 16, 1910.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647(11)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1647-ref12

Anomalocaris ? sp

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Type Citation:
Briggs. 1979. Palaeontology. 22,pt.3: 641, ment.
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Arthropoda
Published Name:
Anomalocaris ? sp
USNM Number:
PAL706437
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/31ce69ee8-33ee-458e-8e44-b00bfb4d73f1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_14412177

Pikaia gracilens Walcott

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens Walcott
USNM Number:
PAL198694
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3cb59aaa9-7341-4a02-833c-c114a2bcc4dc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_10473778

Pikaia gracilens Walcott

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens Walcott
USNM Number:
PAL198731
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3eb5da589-af6b-401e-a4fa-e26aefc41859
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_10048233

Pikaia gracilens Walcott

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens Walcott
USNM Number:
PAL277858
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/315c15dc6-026e-4536-9d89-18a36f311308
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3253745

Pikaia gracilens Walcott

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens Walcott
USNM Number:
PAL277859
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3a7b2474b-e751-47d3-b6b6-5d8b2002f06b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3253746

Pikaia gracilens Walcott

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens Walcott
USNM Number:
PAL200528
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d8c12d0d-18d4-406e-8c9d-892bf2b0c5a3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3231552

Pikaia gracilens

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens
USNM Number:
PAL200529
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3a3628f4e-57d5-4031-bc72-728f931aab7a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3231553

Pikaia gracilens

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens
USNM Number:
PAL200532
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3a2c7e639-1431-4f6e-a109-68ae36cb7c58
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3231556

Pikaia gracilens

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens
USNM Number:
PAL200533
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d333c8f7-4b44-4576-add1-03711175f4da
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3231557

Pikaia gracilens Walcott

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens Walcott
USNM Number:
PAL200536
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/39cf652ec-e79d-4d7b-8c49-911c40e709fd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3231560

Pikaia gracilens Walcott

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens Walcott
USNM Number:
PAL200537
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/31556f1a8-9ce6-4502-9994-93fceef86859
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3231561

Pikaia gracilens Walcott

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens Walcott
USNM Number:
PAL200540
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3e8c70263-8334-48f3-91a9-cdd879b6188a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3231564

Pikaia gracilens Walcott

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens Walcott
USNM Number:
PAL198691
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/345ac4826-a2c9-4ad3-834c-df647d7cf074
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3231565

Pikaia gracilens Walcott

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens Walcott
USNM Number:
PAL198689
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/37740e2b6-2b84-4cbf-858a-e3413cf22ad8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3231569

Pikaia gracilens

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens
USNM Number:
PAL202213
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/361459ffb-2d90-457f-9efe-601986b77f01
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3232412

Pikaia gracilens

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens
USNM Number:
PAL198683
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3b661de10-b5f6-444b-9ea5-108ddd349dc9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3232413

Pikaia gracilens

Collector:
Dr. Charles D. Walcott  Search this
Place:
British Columbia, Canada
Collection Date:
1910 to 1917
Taxonomy:
Animalia Annelida Worm
Published Name:
Pikaia gracilens
USNM Number:
PAL202219
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Types: Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale Type
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38e30ef69-3adf-41b4-90d6-24307648e43c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_3232418

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