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Chauve-Souris (program)

Artist:
Ralph Barton, 14 Aug 1891 - 19 May 1931  Search this
Sitter:
Nikita Balieff, 1877 - 3 Sep 1936  Search this
Al Jolson, 26 May 1886 - 23 Oct 1950  Search this
John Emerson, 1874 - 1956  Search this
Anita Loos, 26 Apr 1888 - 18 Aug 1981  Search this
Irving Berlin, 11 May 1888 - 22 Sep 1989  Search this
David Belasco, 25 Jul 1853 - 14 May 1931  Search this
Lenore Ulric, 21 Jul 1892 - 30 Dec 1970  Search this
John Barrymore, 15 Feb 1882 - 29 May 1942  Search this
Michael Strange, 1890 - 1950  Search this
Anna Pavlova, 1881 - 1931  Search this
Josef Hofmann, 20 Jan 1876 - 16 Feb 1957  Search this
Reina Belasco Gest, ? - 1948  Search this
John Drew, 13 Nov 1853 - 9 Jul 1927  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., 13 Sep 1887 - 12 Jul 1944  Search this
Maria Jeritza, 6 Oct 1887 - 10 Jul 1982  Search this
Giulio Gatti-Casazza, 3 Feb 1869 - 2 Sep 1940  Search this
Geraldine Farrar, 28 Feb 1882 - 11 Mar 1967  Search this
Mary Garden, 20 Feb 1874 - 3 Jan 1967  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe, 20 Dec 1865 - 12 Jul 1950  Search this
Arthur Brisbane, 12 Dec 1864 - 25 Dec 1936  Search this
Millicent Willson Hearst, 1882 - 1974  Search this
Henry Blackman Sell, 1889 - 1974  Search this
Condé Montrose Nast, 26 Mar 1873 - 19 Sep 1942  Search this
Irene Foote Castle, 7 Apr 1893 - 26 Jan 1969  Search this
Francis Welch Crowninshield, 24 Jun 1872 - 28 Dec 1947  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, 9 Jan 1875 - 18 Apr 1942  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan, 1888 - 1963  Search this
Alan Dale, 1861 - 1928  Search this
Ray Long, 1878 - 1935  Search this
Sam Bernard, 1863 - 1927  Search this
Marilyn Miller, 1 Sep 1898 - 7 Apr 1936  Search this
Ed Wynn, 9 Nov 1886 - 19 Jun 1966  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman, 1870 - 1967  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson, 14 Sep 1867 - 29 Dec 1944  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott, 19 Jan 1887 - 23 Jan 1943  Search this
Mrs. Lydig Hoyt, 1890? - 1930?  Search this
Franklin Pierce Adams, 15 Nov 1881 - 23 Mar 1960  Search this
Neysa McMein, c. 1880 - 1949  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun, 7 Dec 1888 - 18 Dec 1939  Search this
Doris Keane, c. 1885 - 1945  Search this
Percy Hunter Hammond, 1873 - 1936  Search this
Moranzoni, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Ann Haven Morgan, 1882 - 1966  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle, 1873 - 1948  Search this
Anne Harriman Sands Rutherfurd Vanderbilt, ? - 1940  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright, 1888 - 11 Apr 1939  Search this
S. Jay Kaufman, 1886 - 1957  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope, 5 Jan 1882 - 20 Jun 1958  Search this
Walter Catlett, 1889 - 1960  Search this
Sophie Braslau, 1882 - 1935  Search this
Dorothy Gish, 1898 - 1968  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith, 22 Jan 1875 - 23 Jul 1948  Search this
Lillian Gish, 14 Oct 1893 - 27 Feb 1993  Search this
Elizabeth Marbury, 1856 - 1933  Search this
Leon Errol, 1881 - 1951  Search this
Zoe Akins, 1886 - 1958  Search this
Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin, 13 Feb 1873 - 12 Apr 1938  Search this
Lucrezia Bori, 1887 - 1960  Search this
Frances Alda, 1883 - 1952  Search this
Maude Adams, 11 Nov 1872 - 17 Jul 1953  Search this
John Francis McCormack, 14 Jun 1884 - 16 Sep 1945  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, 16 Apr 1889 - 25 Dec 1977  Search this
Marechal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre, 1852 - 1931  Search this
Laurette Taylor, 1884 - 1946  Search this
Frances Starr, 1881 - 1973  Search this
Clare Consuelo Frewen Sheridan, 1885 - 1970  Search this
John Hartley Manners, 1870 - 1928  Search this
Albert Davis Lasker, 1880 - 1952  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel, 9 Jul 1881 - 13 Jan 1936  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler, 2 Apr 1862 - 7 Dec 1947  Search this
Ralph Barton, 14 Aug 1891 - 19 May 1931  Search this
Jesse Louis Lasky, 1880 - 1958  Search this
Edward Ziegler, 1870 - 1966  Search this
William J. Guard, ? - 1932  Search this
Louis Untermeyer, 1885 - 1977  Search this
Jacob J. Shubert, 1880 - 1963  Search this
Levi Lee Shubert, c. 1872 - 1953  Search this
F. Ray Comstock, 1880 - 1949  Search this
Morris Gest, 1881 - 1942  Search this
Oliver Martin Sayler, 1887 - 1958  Search this
Boris Israelevich Anisfeld, 1879 - 1973  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones, 12 Dec 1887 - 26 Nov 1954  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner, 6 Mar 1885 - 25 Sep 1933  Search this
Stephen Rathbun, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Armand Veszy, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Andrés de Segurola, c. 1873 - 1953  Search this
Gennare Papi, 1886 - 1941  Search this
Raymond Hitchcock, 1865 - 1929  Search this
Adolph Zukor, 7 Jan 1873 - 10 Jun 1976  Search this
Robert Gilbert Welsh, 1869 - 1924  Search this
Fay Okell Bainter, 1893 - 1968  Search this
Lawrence Reamer, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Gertrude Hoffman, 1898 - 1955  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch, 30 Jan 1862 - 22 Dec 1950  Search this
Mary Nash, 1885 - 1976  Search this
Josef Willem Mengelberg, 1871 - 1951  Search this
Charles Darnton, 1870 - 1950  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn, 21 Feb 1867 - 20 Mar 1934  Search this
Frank Andrew Munsey, 1854 - 1925  Search this
Florenz Ziegfeld, 21 Mar 1867 - 22 Jul 1932  Search this
Artur Bodanzky, 1877 - 1939  Search this
Adolph Simon Ochs, 1858 - 1935  Search this
John Rumsey, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn, 30 May 1883 - 31 Dec 1955  Search this
George Simon Kaufman, 16 Nov 1889 - 2 Jun 1961  Search this
Lynn Fontanne, 6 Dec 1887 - 30 Jul 1983  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly, 1890 - 1980  Search this
George Michael Cohan, 3 Jul 1878 - 5 Nov 1942  Search this
John MacMahon, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Henry Edward Krehbiel, 1854 - 1923  Search this
Dorothy Benjamin Caruso, ? - 1955  Search this
Jacob Ben-Ami, 1890 - 1977  Search this
Dorothy Dalton, 1893 - 1972  Search this
David Warfield, 28 Nov 1866 - 27 Jun 1951  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley, 15 Sep 1889 - 21 Nov 1945  Search this
Karl Kitchen, 1885 - 1935  Search this
Antonio Scotti, 1866 - 1936  Search this
Fannie Hurst, 19 Oct 1885 - 23 Feb 1968  Search this
Hugo Reisenfeld, c. 1883 - 1939?  Search this
Vera Fokina, 1886 - 1958  Search this
Michel Fokine, 23 Apr 1880 - 22 Aug 1942  Search this
Avery Hopwood, 28 May 1882 - 1 Jul 1928  Search this
Constance Talmadge, c. 1899 - 1973  Search this
Anna Fitziu, c. 1886 - 1967  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt, 1880 - 1925  Search this
Frank Crane, 1861 - 1928  Search this
Jascha Heifetz, 2 Feb 1901 - 12 Dec 1987  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill, 16 Oct 1888 - 27 Nov 1953  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich, 10 Oct 1874 - 12 Dec 1947  Search this
Joseph Urban, 1872 - 1933  Search this
Arthur Hornblow, 1865 - 1942  Search this
Paul Meyer, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Elsie Janis, 1889 - 1956  Search this
Paul Block, 1877 - 1941  Search this
John Chipman Farrar, 1896 - 1974  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff, 2 Apr 1873 - 28 Mar 1943  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover, 10 Aug 1874 - 20 Oct 1964  Search this
John Golden, 1874 - 1955  Search this
Winchell Smith, 1871 - 1933  Search this
George Jay Gould, 1864 - 1923  Search this
Medium:
Color halftone on paper
Dimensions:
Image (Centerfold): 28.5cm x 44cm (11 1/4" x 17 5/16")
Sheet (Centerfold): 30.8cm x 46cm (12 1/8" x 18 1/8")
Cover: 30.8cm x 23.1cm (12 1/8" x 9 1/8")
Type:
Print
Date:
c. 1922
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Interior\Performing Arts\Theatrical  Search this
Architecture\Door  Search this
Architecture\Balcony  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Male  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Financier  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Performing Arts\Patron\Opera  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Visual Arts\Art Collector  Search this
Franklin Pierce Adams: Male  Search this
Franklin Pierce Adams: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Franklin Pierce Adams: Literature\Writer\Humorist  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Male  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Science and Technology\Engineer  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Commerce  Search this
Mary Nash: Female  Search this
Mary Nash: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Male  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Literature\Writer  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Lillian Gish: Female  Search this
Lillian Gish: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lillian Gish: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lillian Gish: Oscar  Search this
Levi Lee Shubert: Male  Search this
Levi Lee Shubert: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Levi Lee Shubert: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Jacob J. Shubert: Male  Search this
Jacob J. Shubert: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Jacob J. Shubert: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Avery Hopwood: Male  Search this
Avery Hopwood: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Michel Fokine: Male  Search this
Michel Fokine: Performing Arts\Director  Search this
Michel Fokine: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Michel Fokine: Performing Arts\Choreographer  Search this
Michel Fokine: Performing Arts\Dance Instructor  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Male  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Oscar  Search this
Florenz Ziegfeld: Male  Search this
Florenz Ziegfeld: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Florenz Ziegfeld: Performing Arts\Producer\Impresario  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright: Male  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Art  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Literary  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright: Literature\Writer\Detective  Search this
Oliver Martin Sayler: Male  Search this
Oliver Martin Sayler: Literature\Writer  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Male  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Literature\Writer  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer\Radio  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Cultural  Search this
Raymond Hitchcock: Male  Search this
Raymond Hitchcock: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Raymond Hitchcock: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Arthur Brisbane: Male  Search this
Arthur Brisbane: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Arthur Brisbane: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Arthur Brisbane: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly: Male  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
John Drew: Male  Search this
John Drew: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
John Drew: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
John Emerson: Male  Search this
John Emerson: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
John Emerson: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin: Male  Search this
Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Fannie Hurst: Female  Search this
Fannie Hurst: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Fannie Hurst: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Fannie Hurst: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Male  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Literature\Writer  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Communications\Journalist\Editor  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Sports and Recreation  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Literature\Writer\Humorist  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Frances Starr: Female  Search this
Frances Starr: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Frank Crane: Male  Search this
Frank Crane: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Frank Crane: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Male  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Dorothy Gish: Female  Search this
Dorothy Gish: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Male  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Oscar  Search this
John Francis McCormack: Male  Search this
John Francis McCormack: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Giulio Gatti-Casazza: Male  Search this
Giulio Gatti-Casazza: Performing Arts\Director\Opera  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Male  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Literature\Writer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Politics and Government\Public Official  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Politics and Government\Governor\Puerto Rico  Search this
Irene Foote Castle: Female  Search this
Irene Foote Castle: Performing Arts\Costume Designer  Search this
Irene Foote Castle: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
John Barrymore: Male  Search this
John Barrymore: Visual Arts\Artist\Sculptor  Search this
John Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
John Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
John Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
David Belasco: Male  Search this
David Belasco: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
David Belasco: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
David Belasco: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
David Belasco: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
David Belasco: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Male  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Ralph Barton: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Ralph Barton: Male  Search this
Ralph Barton: Visual Arts\Artist\Caricaturist  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Male  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Literature\Editor\Book  Search this
Leon Errol: Male  Search this
Leon Errol: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones: Male  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones: Visual Arts\Designer  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones: Performing Arts\Scenographer  Search this
S. Jay Kaufman: Male  Search this
S. Jay Kaufman: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Boris Israelevich Anisfeld: Male  Search this
Boris Israelevich Anisfeld: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Boris Israelevich Anisfeld: Performing Arts\Scenographer  Search this
Jascha Heifetz: Male  Search this
Jascha Heifetz: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Violinist  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Female  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Visual Arts\Artist\Sculptor  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Visual Arts\Founder\Art Museum  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Visual Arts\Art Patron  Search this
Morris Gest: Male  Search this
Morris Gest: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Male  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Literature\Writer  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Communications\Journalist\Humorist  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Communications\Broadcast Journalist\Radio  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Male  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Nobel Prize  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Anna Pavlova: Female  Search this
Anna Pavlova: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer\Ballet  Search this
Charles Darnton: Male  Search this
Charles Darnton: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Male  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Military\Army\Officer  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Education\Founder\School  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Visual Arts\Founder\Art Museum  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Humanities and Social Sciences\Archaeologist  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Military\Officer  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Visual Arts\Administrator\Art Museum\President  Search this
Maude Adams: Female  Search this
Maude Adams: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Maude Adams: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Adolph Simon Ochs: Male  Search this
Adolph Simon Ochs: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Adolph Simon Ochs: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Ed Wynn: Male  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Television Personality  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer\Radio  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Female  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Television  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson: Male  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson: Literature\Writer  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson: Visual Arts\Artist\Illustrator  Search this
Mary Garden: Female  Search this
Mary Garden: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Maria Jeritza: Female  Search this
Maria Jeritza: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Male  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Performing Arts\Producer  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Male  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Performing Arts\Director\Theater  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Male  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Literature\Writer  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Education\Administrator  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Humanities and Social Sciences\Philosopher  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Nobel Prize  Search this
Jacob Ben-Ami: Male  Search this
Jacob Ben-Ami: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
David Warfield: Male  Search this
David Warfield: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Male  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Male  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Performing Arts\Director  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Visual Arts\Designer  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Performing Arts\Performer  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Jesse Louis Lasky: Male  Search this
Jesse Louis Lasky: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Female  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel: Male  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer\Radio  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel: Performing Arts\Producer\Impresario  Search this
Sam Bernard: Male  Search this
Sam Bernard: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Gertrude Hoffman: Female  Search this
Gertrude Hoffman: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
George Jay Gould: Male  Search this
George Jay Gould: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Financier  Search this
George Jay Gould: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch: Male  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch: Performing Arts\Director\Opera  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Geraldine Farrar: Female  Search this
Geraldine Farrar: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Anita Loos: Female  Search this
Anita Loos: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Anita Loos: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Anita Loos: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Lenore Ulric: Female  Search this
Lenore Ulric: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Michael Strange: Female  Search this
Michael Strange: Literature\Writer  Search this
Michael Strange: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Reina Belasco Gest: Female  Search this
Reina Belasco Gest: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe: Female  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe: Society and Social Change\Hostess  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe: Visual Arts\Designer\Interior Designer  Search this
Millicent Willson Hearst: Female  Search this
Millicent Willson Hearst: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Millicent Willson Hearst: Society and Social Change\Socialite  Search this
Henry Blackman Sell: Male  Search this
Henry Blackman Sell: Communications\Journalist\Editor  Search this
Condé Montrose Nast: Male  Search this
Condé Montrose Nast: Communications\Publisher\Magazine  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan: Male  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Alan Dale: Male  Search this
Alan Dale: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Ray Long: Male  Search this
Ray Long: Communications\Journalist\Editor  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman: Female  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman: Literature\Writer  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Suffragist  Search this
Mrs. Lydig Hoyt: Female  Search this
Neysa McMein: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Neysa McMein: Female  Search this
Doris Keane: Female  Search this
Doris Keane: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Percy Hunter Hammond: Male  Search this
Percy Hunter Hammond: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Moranzoni: Male  Search this
Ann Haven Morgan: Female  Search this
Ann Haven Morgan: Education\Educator  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle: Male  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle: Literature\Writer  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle: Literature\Editor\Book  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Anne Harriman Sands Rutherfurd Vanderbilt: Female  Search this
Anne Harriman Sands Rutherfurd Vanderbilt: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Walter Catlett: Male  Search this
Walter Catlett: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Sophie Braslau: Female  Search this
Sophie Braslau: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Elizabeth Marbury: Female  Search this
Elizabeth Marbury: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Elizabeth Marbury: Performing Arts\Agent\Theatrical  Search this
Zoe Akins: Female  Search this
Zoe Akins: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Zoe Akins: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Zoe Akins: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Zoe Akins: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Lucrezia Bori: Female  Search this
Lucrezia Bori: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Lucrezia Bori: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Soprano  Search this
Frances Alda: Female  Search this
Frances Alda: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Marechal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre: Male  Search this
Marechal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre: Military\Army\Officer  Search this
Marechal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre: Politics and Government\Statesman\French  Search this
Laurette Taylor: Female  Search this
Laurette Taylor: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Clare Consuelo Frewen Sheridan: Female  Search this
Clare Consuelo Frewen Sheridan: Visual Arts\Artist\Sculptor  Search this
Clare Consuelo Frewen Sheridan: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Hartley Manners: Male  Search this
John Hartley Manners: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
John Hartley Manners: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Albert Davis Lasker: Male  Search this
Albert Davis Lasker: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Albert Davis Lasker: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Advertising  Search this
Edward Ziegler: Male  Search this
Edward Ziegler: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Music  Search this
William J. Guard: Male  Search this
William J. Guard: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Louis Untermeyer: Male  Search this
Louis Untermeyer: Literature\Writer  Search this
Louis Untermeyer: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Louis Untermeyer: Literature\Editor\Book  Search this
F. Ray Comstock: Male  Search this
F. Ray Comstock: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Stephen Rathbun: Male  Search this
Armand Veszy: Male  Search this
Andrés de Segurola: Male  Search this
Andrés de Segurola: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician  Search this
Gennare Papi: Male  Search this
Gennare Papi: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Robert Gilbert Welsh: Male  Search this
Robert Gilbert Welsh: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Fay Okell Bainter: Female  Search this
Fay Okell Bainter: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Fay Okell Bainter: Oscar  Search this
Lawrence Reamer: Male  Search this
Josef Willem Mengelberg: Male  Search this
Josef Willem Mengelberg: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Frank Andrew Munsey: Male  Search this
Frank Andrew Munsey: Communications\Publisher\Magazine  Search this
Frank Andrew Munsey: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Artur Bodanzky: Male  Search this
Artur Bodanzky: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Artur Bodanzky: Performing Arts\Director\Opera  Search this
Artur Bodanzky: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
John Rumsey: Male  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Male  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Communications\Translator  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Literary  Search this
John MacMahon: Male  Search this
Henry Edward Krehbiel: Male  Search this
Henry Edward Krehbiel: Literature\Writer  Search this
Henry Edward Krehbiel: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Music  Search this
Dorothy Benjamin Caruso: Female  Search this
Dorothy Benjamin Caruso: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Dorothy Dalton: Female  Search this
Dorothy Dalton: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Karl Kitchen: Male  Search this
Karl Kitchen: Literature\Writer  Search this
Antonio Scotti: Male  Search this
Antonio Scotti: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt: Male  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt: Sports and Recreation\Athlete\Equestrian  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt: Sports and Recreation\Promoter  Search this
Hugo Reisenfeld: Male  Search this
Hugo Reisenfeld: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Hugo Reisenfeld: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
Vera Fokina: Female  Search this
Vera Fokina: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Vera Fokina: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer\Ballet  Search this
Constance Talmadge: Female  Search this
Constance Talmadge: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Anna Fitziu: Female  Search this
Anna Fitziu: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Anna Fitziu: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Soprano  Search this
Joseph Urban: Male  Search this
Joseph Urban: Visual Arts\Architect  Search this
Joseph Urban: Performing Arts\Director\Opera  Search this
Joseph Urban: Performing Arts\Scenographer  Search this
Arthur Hornblow: Male  Search this
Arthur Hornblow: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Arthur Hornblow: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Paul Meyer: Male  Search this
Elsie Janis: Female  Search this
Elsie Janis: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Elsie Janis: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Paul Block: Male  Search this
Paul Block: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Paul Block: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive  Search this
John Golden: Male  Search this
John Golden: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter  Search this
John Golden: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
John Golden: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Winchell Smith: Male  Search this
Winchell Smith: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Winchell Smith: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Irving Berlin: Male  Search this
Irving Berlin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter  Search this
Irving Berlin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
Irving Berlin: Military\Army  Search this
Irving Berlin: Oscar  Search this
Irving Berlin: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Irving Berlin: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Francis Welch Crowninshield: Male  Search this
Francis Welch Crowninshield: Communications\Publisher\Magazine  Search this
Francis Welch Crowninshield: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Male  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Al Jolson: Male  Search this
Al Jolson: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Al Jolson: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Al Jolson: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Bruce Kellner
Object number:
S/NPG.92.12
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm498c2a346-0606-402f-a46d-1cf031328530
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.92.12
Online Media:

Print, Lithograph on Paper, Colored

Medium:
Print, Lithograph on Paper, Colored
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 22.5 x 27.6cm (8 7/8 x 10 7/8 in.)
Type:
ART-Prints, Original
Country of Origin:
France
Credit Line:
Donor: Found in collection. Donor unknown at this time. Found on NASM premises.
Inventory Number:
A19820069001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv949188d62-0efc-437b-919e-4121185f9ac0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19820069001

[Trade catalogs from Atlantic India Rubber Company]

Company Name:
Atlantic India Rubber Company  Search this
Notes content:
sheet and sponge rubber ; vacuum lifters ; table and lathe ; molded parts : military standard grommets ; grommets ; grommet bumpers ; stem bumpers ; screw bumpers ; tack bumpers ; motor mounts ; recessed bumpers ; bumper pads ; bottle corks ; laboratory stoppers ; bumpers ; tips ; knobs ; caps ; suction and vacuum cups ; bushings ; washers ; balls ; cord rings ; belts ; extruded parts ; u-channels ; c-channels ; h-channels ; l-strips ; t strips ; p strips ; e strips ; weatherstrips and bumpers ; solid bumpers ; tubing and cord ; locking channels...this comprises the uncataloged portion.
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Physical description:
3 pieces
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Automobiles and automotive equipment (including trucks and buses)  Search this
Aviation (aircraft; balloons; etc.)  Search this
Laboratories and laboratory supplies and equipment  Search this
Military equipment and supplies (including uniforms)  Search this
Plastics and rubber  Search this
Topic:
"Laboratories -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Airships  Search this
Armed Forces -- Equipment  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Balloons  Search this
Military supplies  Search this
Military uniforms  Search this
Motor vehicles  Search this
Plastics industry and trade  Search this
Rubber industry and trade  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_34775
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_34775

Cosmos Andrew Sarchiapone papers, circa 1860-2011, bulk bulk 1940-2011

Creator:
Sarchiapone, Cosmos Andrew, 1931-2011  Search this
Subject:
Arbus, Diane  Search this
Cage, John  Search this
Glaser, Milton  Search this
Hay, Alex  Search this
Huebler, Douglas  Search this
Israel, Marvin  Search this
Johnson, Ray  Search this
Kelly, Ellsworth  Search this
Scull, Robert C.  Search this
Sonneman, Eve  Search this
Parsons School of Design  Search this
School of Visual Arts (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Push Pin Studios  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Ephemera
Illustrations
Music
Photocopies
Photographs
Posters
Prints
Sketchbooks
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Topic:
Art -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Composers--New York (State)--New York  Search this
Conceptual art  Search this
Conceptual artists--New York (State)--New York  Search this
Music--New York (State)--New York  Search this
Photographers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Photography -- Study and teaching  Search this
Photography--New York (State)--New York  Search this
Theater--New York (State)--New York  Search this
New York (State)--New York City--Photographs  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16242
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)370445
AAA_collcode_sarccosm
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_370445
Online Media:

Herbert Waide Hemphill papers, 1776-1998, bulk bulk 1876-1998

Creator:
Hemphill, Herbert Waide, 1929-1998  Search this
Subject:
Prince, Daniel C.  Search this
Prince, Neal A.  Search this
Orth, Kevin  Search this
Patterson, Clayton  Search this
Smith, Fred  Search this
Smith, Robert E.  Search this
Robertson, Royal  Search this
Rowe, Nellie Mae  Search this
Morgan, Gertrude  Search this
Mr. Imagination  Search this
McCarthy, Justin  Search this
Merrill, James Ingram  Search this
O'Kelley, Mattie Lou  Search this
Nathaniel, Inez  Search this
Zeldis, Malcah  Search this
Young, Purvis  Search this
Weissman, Julia  Search this
St. EOM  Search this
Spies, Jim  Search this
Smither, Stephanie  Search this
Smither, John  Search this
Walters, Hubert  Search this
Tolson, Edgar  Search this
Tolliver, Mose  Search this
Terrillion, Veronica  Search this
Carpenter, Miles B. (Miles Burkholder)  Search this
Brice, Bruce  Search this
Borkowski, Mary  Search this
Bogun, Maceptaw, Rev.  Search this
Aiken, Gayleen  Search this
Goins, Vernon  Search this
Hall, Michael D.  Search this
Hamblett, Theora  Search this
Hartigan, Lynda Roscoe  Search this
Fowler, Tim  Search this
Gatto, Victor Joseph  Search this
Ghostley, Alice  Search this
Fancher, John W.  Search this
Finster, Howard  Search this
Flanagan, Thos. J. (Thomas Jefferson)  Search this
Coins, Raymond  Search this
Crittenden, Varick A.  Search this
Dinsmoor, Samuel Perry  Search this
Donovan, Carrie  Search this
Little, Roy  Search this
Lisk, Charles  Search this
Maldonado, Alexander Aramburo  Search this
Lopez, George  Search this
Jordan, John  Search this
Jones, S. L. (Shields Landon)  Search this
Klumpp, Gustave  Search this
Josephson, Nancy  Search this
Hunter, Clementine  Search this
Holley, Lonnie  Search this
Jennings, James Harold  Search this
James, A. Everette (Alton Everette)  Search this
Hawkins, William Lawrence  Search this
Harvey, Bessie  Search this
Hicks, Tiny  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.)  Search this
Museum of International Folk Art (N.M.)  Search this
Centennial Exhibition  Search this
Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center  Search this
Folk Art Society of America  Search this
Exposition Universelle de Paris (1878 : Paris, France)  Search this
Type:
Video recordings
Watercolors
Sketchbooks
Sound recordings
Photographs
Drawings
Poems
Reports
Prints
Interviews
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Folk art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5482
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210776
AAA_collcode_hempherb
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210776
Online Media:

Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk bulk 1913-1974

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Subject:
Hauke, Cesar M. de (Cesar Mange)  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
Seligmann, René  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques  Search this
De Hauke & Co., Inc.  Search this
MM. Jacques Seligmann & fils  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co.  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Gersel  Search this
Type:
Gallery records
Topic:
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford, 1874-1938 -- Art collections  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L. -- Art collections  Search this
Arenberg, duc d' -- Art collections  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of -- Art collections  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Art dealers -- France -- Paris  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de, 1885-1925  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- France -- Paris  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9936
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212486
AAA_collcode_jacqself
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212486
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Online Media:

C. J. (Clarence Joseph) Bulliet papers, circa 1888-1959

Creator:
Bulliet, C.J., 1883-1952  Search this
Subject:
Mantell, Robert B. (Robert Bruce)  Search this
Chapin, James  Search this
Bulliet, Katherine Adams  Search this
Sheets, Millard  Search this
Type:
Prints
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Drawings
Topic:
Art critics -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Artists -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Art criticism -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5443
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212667
AAA_collcode_bullclar
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Lives of American Artists
Art Theory and Historiography
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212667
Online Media:

Alice Oats

Artist:
Jose Maria Mora, 1849 - 18 Oct 1926  Search this
Sitter:
Alice Oats, 22 Sept 1849 - 10 Jan 1887  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 14 x 10.2 cm (5 1/2 x 4")
Mount: 16.5 x 10.7 cm (6 1/2 x 4 3/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1880-1885
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Guitar  Search this
Photographic format\Cabinet card  Search this
Alice Oats: Female  Search this
Alice Oats: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Alice Oats: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Francis A. DiMauro
Object number:
S/NPG.2007.329
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f2d3335f-9360-4d85-92d3-14e059c503d6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2007.329

Jeffreys Lewis

Artist:
Jose Maria Mora, 1849 - 18 Oct 1926  Search this
Sitter:
Jeffreys Lewis, c. 1857 - 28 Apr 1928  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 14.4 x 9.8 cm (5 11/16 x 3 7/8")
Mount: 16.4 x 10.7 cm (6 7/16 x 4 3/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1880-1885
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Music\Musical instrument  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Bracelet  Search this
Photographic format\Cabinet card  Search this
Jeffreys Lewis: Female  Search this
Jeffreys Lewis: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Francis A. DiMauro
Object number:
S/NPG.2007.359
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4cbcd395b-f59e-47b2-b534-a910c28254d2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2007.359

Rose Coglan

Artist:
Jose Maria Mora, 1849 - 18 Oct 1926  Search this
Sitter:
Rose Coglan, 18 Mar 1851 - 2 Apr 1932  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 14 x 10.3 cm (5 1/2 x 4 1/16")
Mount: 16.5 x 10.8 cm (6 1/2 x 4 1/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1880-1885
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Piano  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Photographic format\Cabinet card  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Divan  Search this
Rose Coglan: Female  Search this
Rose Coglan: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Francis A. DiMauro
Object number:
S/NPG.2007.362
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e19110d3-cddc-429e-a077-ad68474d0ddd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2007.362

Louise Dorel

Artist:
Jose Maria Mora, 1849 - 18 Oct 1926  Search this
Sitter:
Louise Dorel  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 15.1 x 10 cm (5 15/16 x 3 15/16")
Mount: 16.5 x 10.7 cm (6 1/2 x 4 3/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1880-1885
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Piano  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Stool  Search this
Home Furnishings\Clock  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Headdress\Crown  Search this
Photographic format\Cabinet card  Search this
Louise Dorel: Female  Search this
Louise Dorel: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Francis A. DiMauro
Object number:
S/NPG.2007.377
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm474e17087-683c-4bb1-97f0-fc72a0628ed6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2007.377

Ambrose Everett Burnside

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Ambrose Everett Burnside, 23 May 1824 - 13 Sep 1881  Search this
Medium:
Hand-colored steel engraving (proof)
Dimensions:
Image: 32 × 25.2 cm (12 5/8 × 9 15/16")
Sheet: 55.5 × 39.9 cm (21 7/8 × 15 11/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
c. 1865
Topic:
Vehicle\Ship  Search this
Weapon\Gun\Rifle  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Exterior\Landscape\Battleground  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Drum  Search this
Human Figures\Soldier  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Male  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Politics and Government\US Senator\Rhode Island  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Politics and Government\Governor\Rhode Island  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.72.3
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4dfedbe48-c213-443a-b7e7-32fe9d59a3fc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.72.3

George H. Clark Radioana Collection

Creator:
Clark, George Howard, 1881-1956  Search this
Source:
Electricity and Modern Physics, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Names:
American Marconi Company.  Search this
Radio Corporation of America.  Search this
Former owner:
Electricity and Modern Physics, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Extent:
220 Cubic feet (700 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Technical manuals
Clippings
Patents
Correspondence
Blueprints
Letters patent
Photographs
Sale catalogs
Technical drawings
Date:
circa 1880-1950
Summary:
The collection forms a documentary record of over half a century of the history of radio, with the greatest emphasis on the period 1900-1935. The collection includes materials that span the entire history of the growth of the radio industry. It is useful for those historians and other researchers interested in technological development, economic history, and the impact of applications of technology on American life.
Scope and Contents:
The materials accumulated in this collection represent the overriding collecting passion of one individual, George H. Clark. The collection forms a documentary record of over half a century of the history of radio, with the greatest emphasis on the period 1900-1935.

The collection includes materials that span the entire history of the growth of the radio industry. It is useful for those historians and other researchers interested in technological development, economic history, and the impact of applications of technology on American life.

In particular, the collection is rich in biographical information on the men who developed the technical aspects of radio and the industry; information on the inception, growth, and activities of radio companies, most notably the National Electric Signaling Company and RCA; and in photographs of all aspects of Radioana.

While most materials document technical aspects of radio, there is much information (e.g. Series 109, 134) on broadcasting and on the early history of television.

The collection, housed in over 700 boxes (about 276 linear feet), was organized into 259 numbered "classes" or series by Clark. Sixty series numbers were never used or were eliminated by Clark and combined with other series. The unused numbers are scattered throughout the filing system. The collection also includes material from series that were eliminated. These materials were never reclassified and are included as an unprocessed series at the end of the series descriptions. The collection also contains material that was never assigned a "class" designation by Clark (Lettered Series: D, E, F, G, H).

The arrangement of the collection is Clark's own; his adaptation of the Navy filing system he helped devise in 1915. Clark periodically revised the filing system and reclassified items within it.

Clark assigned class numbers to types of equipment (e.g. broadcast receivers), systems (impulse-excited transmitters and systems), scientific theories (circuit theory), and topics (company history, biography). Box 1 contains descriptions of the classification system.

When Clark classified an item and filed it he also assigned a serial number. This classification begins with 1 (or 1A) for the first item in the class and continues with successive numbers as items were added. As a consequence, the order of individual items within a series reflects the order in which Clark filed them, not any logical relationship between the items. Clark created cross references for items dealing with more than one subject by making notations on blank sheets of paper placed in related series.

Clark made cross references between series when there was no logical relationship between them; that is, when a person using the collection would not normally look in the series. For example no cross reference would be made of an engineer from series 87 (portraits) to series 4 (biography), but one would be made from series 87 to series 142 (history of television) if the item showed the engineer, say, working on a television installation.

Clark created the insignia "SRM" as the sign on the bottom of all sheets of paper numbered by him for binding. SRM stood for Smithsonian Radio Museum. This replaced the earlier though not greatly used sign "CGM." For a time about 1930, the class number on each sheet was preceded by these: "C.G.M.", for Clark, Martin, and Goldsmith, the earliest contributors to what would become the Clark Radioana Collection. After about 1933-34 Clark used C.W.C. for Clark Wireless Collection.

There are many photographs located in most series throughout the collection. But there are also three exclusive photographic series. Lettered series A, B, C. See index; and also series descriptions under lettered series.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into 223 series.

Numbered Series 1-233:

Series 1, Library Operating System, 1915-1950

Series 2, Apparatus Type Numbers, 1916-1931

Series 3, Photographic Lists, 1925-1928

Series 4, Biographies of Radio Personages, Technical Index to Correspondents in Series 4

Series 5, History of Radio Companies, 1895-1950

De Forest Radio Company, 1905-1930s

Jenkins Televsion Corporation, 1924-1931

Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company, 1908-1929

National Electric Signaling Company, 1896-1941

Wireless Specialty Apparatus Company, 1906-1929

Radio Corporation of America, 1895-1950

Series 6, Shore Stations, 1900-1940

Series 7, Marine Stations, 1900-1930s

Series 8, Broadcasting Stations, 1910s-1940s

Series 9, Amateur Stations, 1910s-1940s

Series 10, Miscellaneous Information, 1911-1914

Series 11, Radio Antiques, 1921-1938

Series 13, Specifications of Radio Apparatus, 1910s-1930s

Series 14, General History, 1899-1950s

Series 15, Radio Companies Catalogues & Bound Advertisements, 1873-1941

Series 16, Log Books, 1902-1923

Series 17, Radio Companies' House Organs, 1896-1942

Series 18, Prime Movers, 1904-1911

Series 19, Batteries, 1898-1934

Series 20, Rectifiers, 1875-1935

Series 21, Motor Generators, 1898-1936

Series 22, Nameplates of Apparatus, 1928

Series 23, Switchboards and Switchboard Instruments, 1910-1935

Series 24, Radio Frequency Switches, 1905-1905-1933

Series 25, Transmitter Transformers, 1893-1949

Series 26, Operating Keys, 1843-1949

Series 27, Power Type Interrupters, 1902-1938

Series 28, Protective Devices, 1910-1925

Series 30, Message Blanks, 1908-1938

Series 31, Transmitter Condensers, 1849-1943

Series 32, Spark Gaps, 1905-1913

Series 33, Transmitter Inductances, 1907-1922

Series 34, Transmitter Wave Changers, 1907-1924

Series 37, ARC Transmitters, 1907-1940

Series 38, Vacuum Tube Type of Radio Transmitter, 1914-1947

Series 39, Radio Transmitter, Radio-Frequency, Alternator Type, 1894-1940

Series 41, Vacuum Tubes, Transmitting Type, 1905-1948

Series 43, Receiving Systems, 1904-1934

Series 45, Broadcast Receivers, 1907-1948

Series 46, Code Receivers, 1902-1948

Series 47, Receiving Inductances, 1898-1944

Series 48, Receiving Condensers, 1871-1946

Series 49, Audio Signal Devices, 1876-1947

Series 50, Detectors, 1878-1944

Series 51, Amplifiers, 1903-1949

Series 52, Receiving Vacuum Tubes, 1905-1949

Series 53, Television Receivers, 1928-1948

Series 54, Photo-Radio Apparatus, 1910-1947

Series 59, Radio Schools, 1902-1945

Series 60, Loudspeakers, 1896-1946

Series 61, Insulators, 1844-1943

Series 62, Wires, 1906-1945

Series 63, Microphones, 1911-1947

Series 64, Biography, 1925-1948

Series 66, Antennas, 1877-1949

Series 67, Telautomatics, 1912-1944

Series 69, Direction Finding Equipment, Radio Compasses, 1885-1948

Series 71, Aircraft Transmitters, 1908-1947

Series 72, Field or Portables Transmitters, 1901-1941

Series 73, Mobile Radio Systems, 1884-1946

Series 74, Radio Frequency Measuring Instruments, 1903-1946

Series 75, Laboratory Testing Methods and Systems, 1891-1945

Series 76, Aircraft Receivers, 1917-1941

Series 77, Field Portable Receivers, 1906-1922

Series 78, Spark Transmitter Assembly, 1909-1940

Series 79, Spark Transmitter System, 1900-1945

Series 82, Firsts in Radio, undated

Series 85: Distance Records and Tests, 1898-1940

Series 87, Photographs of Radio Executives, and Technical Types, 1857-1952

Series 90, Radio Terms, 1857-1939

Series 92, Static Patents and Static Reducing Systems, 1891-1946

Series 93, Low Frequency Indicating Devices, 1904-1946

Series 95, Articles on Radio Subjects, 1891-1945

Series 96, Radio in Education, 1922-1939

Series 98, Special Forms of Broadcasting, 1921-1943

Series 99, History of Lifesaving at Sea by Radio, 1902-1949

Series 100, History of Naval Radio, 1888-1948

Series 101, Military Radio, 1898-1946

Series 102, Transmitting & Receiving Systems, 1902-1935

Series 103, Receiving Methods, 1905-1935

Series 108, Codes and Ciphers, 1894-1947

Series 109, Schedules of Broadcasting & TV Stations, 1905-1940

Series 112, Radio Shows and Displays, 1922-1947

Series 114, Centralized Radio Systems, 1929-1935

Series 116, United States Government Activities in Radio, 1906-1949

Series 117, Technical Tables, 1903-1932

Series 120, Litigation on Radio Subjects, 1914-1947

Series 121, Legislation, 1914-1947

Series 122, History of Radio Clubs, 1907-1946

Series 123, Special Applications of Radio Frequency, 1924-1949

Series 124, Chronology, 1926-1937

Series 125, Radio Patents & Patent Practices, 1861-1949

Series 126, Phonographs, 1894-1949

Series 127, Piezo Electric Effect, 1914-1947

Series 128, ARC Transmitting & Reciving Systems, 1904-1922

Series 129, Spark Systems, 1898-1941

Series 130, Vacuum Tubes Systems, 1902-1939

Series 132, Radiophone Transmitting & Receiving System, 1906-1947

Series 133, Photo-Radio, 1899-1947

Series 134, History of Radio Broadcasting, 1908-

Series 135, History of Radiotelephony, Other Than Broadcasting

Series 136, History of Amateur Radio

Series 138, Transoceanic Communication

Series 139, Television Transmitting Stations

Series 140, Radio Theory

Series 142, History of Television

Series 143, Photographs

Series 144, Radio Publications

Series 145, Proceedings of Radio Societies

Series 146: Radio Museums

Series 147, Bibliography of Radio Subjects and Apparatus

Series 148, Aircraft Guidance Apparatus

Series 150, Audio Frequency Instruments

Series 151, History of Radio for Aircrafts

Series 152, Circuit Theory

Series 154, Static Elimination

Series 161, Radio in Medicine

Series 162, Lighting

Series 163, Police Radio

Series 169, Cartoons

Series 173, Communications, Exclusive of Radio (after 1895)

Series 174, Television Methods and Systems

Series 182, Military Portable Sets

Series 189, Humor in Radio (see

Series 169)

Series 209, Short Waves

Series 226, Radar

Series 233, Television Transmitter

Lettered Series

Series A, Thomas Coke Knight RCA Photographs, circa 1902-1950

Series B, George H. Clark Collection of Photographs by ClassSeries C, Clark Unorganized and/or Duplicate Photographs

Series D, Miscellaneous

Series E, News Clippings Series F: Radio Publications

Series G, Patent Files of Darby and Darby, Attorneys, circa 1914-1935

Series H, Blank Telegram Forms from many Companies and Countries Throughout the World

Series I (eye), Miscellaneous Series

Series J, Research and Laboratory Notebooks

Series K, Index to Photographs of Radio Executives and Technical Types

Series L, Index to Bound Volumes of Photos in Various Series

Series M, Index to David Sarnoff Photographs
Biographical / Historical:
George Howard Clark, born February 15, 1881, at Alberton, Prince Edward Island, Canada, emigrated to the United States at the age of fourteen. He worked as a railroad telegraph operator for the Boston and Maine Railroad during high school and college. In his unpublished autobiography he wrote:

In 1888, when I was a lad of seven, I suddenly blossomed out as a scrapbook addict, and for years I gave up boyhood games for the pleasure of sitting in a lonely attic and 'pasting up' my books ... By 1897, in high school, I graduated to beautiful pictures, and made many large size scrapbooks ... Around that time, too, I became infatuated with things electrical, and spent many evenings copying in pen and ink the various electrical text books in the Everett, Mass., Public Library. Clark began collecting material pertaining to wireless or radio in 1902. In 1903 he graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering. During his last year of college he specialized in radio work under the instruction of Professor John Stone Stone and after graduation went to work for Stone's radio company, the Stone Telegraph and Telephone Company, of Boston.

In 1908 Clark took a competitive examination open to all wireless engineers in the United States and entered the civilian service of the Navy. He was stationed at the Washington Navy Yard, with special additional duty at the Navy's Bureau of Steam Engineering and at the National Bureau of Standards.

In 1915 Clark helped devise a classification system for Navy equipment, assigning a code number to each item. This system of classification for blueprints, photographs, reports, and general data, was prepared by Arthur Trogner, Guy Hill, and Clark, all civilian radio experts with the US Navy Department in Washington. In 1918 Clark adopted the 1915 Navy classification system for organizing the radio data he was accumulating. Clark created the term "Radioana" at this time. He began spending his evenings and weekends pasting up his collection and numbering pages. At this time he bound the accumulated material. It totaled 100 volumes.

In July 1919, after resigning from the Navy, Clark joined the engineering staff of the Marconi Telegraph Company of America, which became part of the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) later the same year. His first work was at Belmar and Lakewood, New Jersey, assisting the chief engineer, Roy A. Weagant, in his development of circuits to reduce the interference caused by static (static reduction). Clark and his wife were assigned to the unheated Engineer's Cottage. His wife decided not to stay and left for Florida. Clark moved his trunks of wireless material to the heated RCA hotel at Belmar and spent most of the winter "pasting." As Clark mentions, "From that time on I was wedded to scraps."

After a year of work in New Jersey, Clark was assigned to the sales department in New York, where he devised the "type number system" used by RCA. This type number system, for example, gave the designation UV 201 to the company's first amplifier tube.

From 1922 to 1934 Clark was in charge of RCA's newly created Show Division, which held exhibits of new and old radio apparatus at state fairs, department stores, and radio shows. About 1928 Clark started an antique radio apparatus museum for RCA. RCA's board of directors announced:

Recognizing the importance of providing a Museum for the Radio Art to house the rapidly disappearing relics of earlier days, and the desirability of collecting for it without further delay examples of apparatus in use since the inception of radio, the Board of Directors of RCA has made an initial appropriation of $100,000, as the nucleus of a fund for the establishment of a National Radio Museum. A plan for ultimately placing the museum under the wing of the Smithsonian Institution was coupled with the goal of the Institution's gathering the largest possible library of wireless data.

Around 1933 the RCA traveling exhibition program ended and Clark started classifying his collected "radioana" material. The objects of the museum were eventually turned over for exhibit purposes to the Rosenwald Museum in Chicago and the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan, when space was not forthcoming at the Smithsonian. A list of objects sent to the two museums (with tag and case numbers) is in Series 1, Box A. The "radioana" collection remained under Clark's care during the 1930s, and became of increasing use to RCA. Clark continued to add to the material.

Between 1934 and 1942 Clark was in court many times regarding patent infringements. Clark's wireless data was useful and he testified frequently, for example, in RCA's suit against the United States in the Court of Claims over the Marconi tuning patents and in the Westinghouse Company's suit against the United States over the heterodyne. Patent specifications and material regarding these and other radio industry suits are found throughout this collection.

In 1946 RCA retired George Clark and denied him space to house his "radioana" collection. Clark wished to remain in New York and house the collection somewhere in the city where it would be open at all times to the public and where it would be maintained. He hoped to continue cataloguing the collection and writing books from its information. He wanted to keep the collection under his control for as long as he was capable of using it.

George H. Clark died in 1956 and his collection was subsequently given to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 1959 the collection was given to the Smithsonian's new Museum of History and Technology, where space was available to house it. The collection remained in the Division of Electricity until the spring of 1983 when it was transferred to the Archives Center.
Brief Company Histories From The Radio Industry, 1900-1930s:
Introduction

At the end of the nineteenth century, when Guglielmo Marconi began his first wireless company, Western Union, Postal Telegraph, and the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) were the major enterprises in electrical communications. General Electric, Western Electric, and Westinghouse were the major producers of electrical equipment. All these earlier developments set the stage for the expansion of the radio industry.

General Electric, which dominated the lighting industry, was formed in 1892 as a merger of the Edison and Thomson-Houston companies. It was active in building central power station equipment; controlled nearly all the important early patents in electric railways; took a leading part in the introduction of trolley systems; and was the principal supplier of electric motors. Westinghouse promoted the alternating current system and installed the first AC central station in Buffalo, NY, during the winter of 1866-1867. After years of patent litigation, in 1896 GE and Westinghouse agreed to share their patents on electrical apparatus.

American Bell Telephone Company purchased Western Electric in 1881. Western Electric had a strong patent position in telephone equipment and in industrial power apparatus, such as arc lamps, generators, motors, and switchboard equipment.

Until RCA was formed in 1919, these established electrical companies played no active part in the early development of the American radio industry. They were in difficult financial positions, reorganizing, or concentrating their efforts and resources on improving their existing products.

The revolution in "wireless" technology, which began in earnest after 1900, centered in New York City, home of the Lee de Forest and American Marconi companies, and in Boston, headquarters of John Stone Stone and Reginald Fessenden.

Information in this section was compiled from the Clark Collection; the Invention and Innovation in the Radio Industry by W. Rupert Maclaurin, Macmillan Company, New York, 1949; and Radio Pioneers, Institute of Radio Engineers, Commemorating the Radio Pioneers Dinner, Hotel Commodore, New York, NY, November 8, 1945.

The De Forest Companies

Lee De Forest (1873-1961), inventor of the three-element vacuum tube or triode (1906) and the feedback circuit, was one of the first Americans to write a doctoral thesis on wireless telegraphy: "The Reflection of Short Hertzian Waves from the Ends of Parallel Wires," Yale University, 1899. The grid-controlled tube or audion of De Forest was first a radio detector, 1906-1907; in 1912 was adapted to an amplifier; and later to an oscillator. When it was perfected as a high vacuum tube, it became the great electronic instrument of electrical communications.

De Forest began work in the Dynamo Department at the Western Electric Company in 1899. Six months later he was promoted to the telephone laboratory. In 1900 De Forest went to work for the American Wireless Telegraph Company where he was able to carry out work on his "responder." However, after three months when De Forest refused to turn over the responder to the company, he was fired.

In the following year De Forest had a number of jobs, was active as an inventor, and created numerous firms to manufacture his inventions. In 1901 De Forest joined with Ed Smythe, a former Western Electric colleague and a collaborator in his research, to found the firm of De Forest, Smythe, and Freeman. Between 1902 and 1906 De Forest took out thirty-four patents on all phases of wireless telegraphy. The responder that he had been working on for so long never proved satisfactory.

The numerous De Forest companies, reflected his many interests and his inability to carry one project through to a conclusion. Unlike Marconi, but similar to Fessenden, De Forest had great inventive skill which resulted in a great number of companies; but none lasted long. The original partnership of 1901 led to the Wireless Telegraph Co. of America (1901), the De Forest Wireless Telegraph Company (Maine) (1902), and the American De Forest Wireless Telegraph Company (1903), to name a few.

The American De Forest Wireless Telegraph Company was incorporated after De Forest met a stock promoter, Abraham White. While many stations were built by this company, many never sent a message due to static interference. In 1907 two speculators from Denver with large holdings of company stock put the company out of business. The assets were sold to a new company that these speculators organized, the United Wireless Telephone Company. De Forest was forced to resign. He took the triode patents with him.

De Forest joined with one of White's stock salesmen, James Dunlop Smith, and together with De Forest's patent attorney, Samuel E. Darby, they formed a new corporation, the De Forest Radio Telephone Company in 1907. This company set out to develop wireless communication by means of the radio telephone.

In January 1910 De Forest staged the first opera broadcast, with Enrico Caruso singing. The Radio Telephone Company went bankrupt in 1911 following an aborted merger with North American Wireless Corporation. In 1913 he reorganized the company as the Radio Telephone and Telegraph Company and began producing the triode.

The Marconi Company brought a patent suit, claiming the triode infringed on the Fleming valve to which it had rights. In 1916 the court decided that Marconi had infringed the three element De Forest patent and that De Forest had infringed the two element Fleming valve. The result was that neither company could manufacture the triode.

In 1920 RCA acquired the De Forest triode rights through cross-licensing agreements with AT&T which had recently purchased the rights to it. De Forest's company was no match for GE, Westinghouse, and RCA. The De Forest Radio Company (1923) went bankrupt in 1928, was reorganized in 1930, and went into receivership in 1933. RCA eventually purchased its assets.

Marconi Companies

Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937) came from a wealthy and well connected Italian family. He was able to spend his time developing his inventions and following his own course of action. Marconi spent his entire life developing wireless communication into a "practical" reality. In 1905 Marconi invented a directional antenna. In 1909 he shared with Karl Ferdinand Braun the Nobel prize in physics. And in 1912 he invented the time spark system for the generation of continuous waves. The principal patents in his name were improved types of vertical antennas; improved coherer; magnetic detector for the detection of wireless signals; and improvements on methods of selective tuning. Two other inventions of great importance to the Marconi companies' patent structure were the Oliver Lodge tuning patent and the Ambrose Fleming valve.

In 1895 Marconi made the first successful transmission of long wave signals. The following year he met William Preece, engineer-in-chief of the British Post Office, who was interested in inductive wireless telegraphy. This meeting led to the formation in 1897 of the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company Ltd. In 1898 he transmitted signals across the English Channel. In 1899 an American subsidiary was formed. The various Marconi companies were the dominant enterprises in both British and American wireless until 1919 when RCA was formed.

From a business standpoint, wireless did not become profitable until long distance communications were accomplished. On December 12, 1901 in St. John's, Newfoundland, Marconi received a telegraph signal in the form of repetitions of the Morse telegraphic letter "S" transmitted from the Marconi station at Poldhu, Cornwall, England. This success, however, was met by opposition from vested interests, particularly the Anglo-American Telegraph Company whose cables terminated in Newfoundland.

So as not to restrict his company's future to one front alone, Marconi decided to exploit the field of communication with ships at sea. In order to control this field he decided in 1900 to lease his apparatus rather than sell it outright. This strategy did not work. Competition developed in Germany (Telefunken Corporation) and the United States (American De Forest and its successor, United Wireless) and Marconi was forced to sell rather than lease apparatus to the navies of various countries. He nevertheless retained numerous restrictions. This led to further friction. At the height of this debacle English stations worldwide refused to communicate with ships without Marconi equipment. This absurd and dangerous situation had to change and coastal stations opened up to all senders in 1908.

Marconi's system was based on spark technology. He saw no need for voice transmission. He felt the Morse code adequate for communication between ships and across oceans. He, along with most others, did not foresee the development of the radio and the broadcasting industry. He was a pragmatist and uninterested in scientific inquiry in a field where commercial viability was unknown.

For these reasons Marconi left the early experimentation with the radio telephone to others, particularly Lee De Forest and Reginald Fessenden.

National Electric Signaling Company

Canadian-born Reginald Fessenden (1866-1932), one of the principal early radio inventors and the first important inventor to experiment with wireless, left the University of Pittsburgh in 1900 to work for the U.S. Weather Bureau. There he invented the liquid barretter, an early radio receiver, and attempted to work out a means for wireless transmission of weather forecasts. After a squabble over patent rights, Fessenden resigned in 1902.

The National Electric Signaling Company (NESCO), primarily intended to support Fessenden's work on wireless, telegraphy, and telephony, was formed by Fessenden and two Pittsburgh capitalists, Hay Walker, Jr. and Thomas H. Given. It began as an inventor's laboratory and never proved successful as a business venture.

Fessenden recognized that a continuous wave transmission was required for speech and he continued the work of Nikola Tesla, John Stone Stone, and Elihu Thomson on this subject. Fessenden felt he could also transmit and receive Morse code better by the continuous wave method than with a spark-apparatus as Marconi was using.

In 1903 Fessenden's first high-frequency alternator needed for continuous wave transmission was built to his specifications by Charles Steinmetz of GE. In 1906 Fessenden obtained a second alternator of greater power from GE and on Christmas Eve broadcast a program of speech and music. The work on this alternator was given to Ernst F. W. Alexanderson. It took years for Alexanderson to develop an alternator capable of transmitting regular voice transmissions over the Atlantic. But by 1916 the Fessenden-Alexanderson alternator was more reliable for transatlantic communication than the spark apparatus.

Fessenden also worked on continuous-wave reception. This work arose out of his desire for a more effective type of receiver than the coherer, a delicate device that was limited by its sensitivity on a rolling ship at sea. In 1903 he developed a new receiving mechanism - the electrolytic detector.

As his work progressed Fessenden evolved the heterodyne system. However, due to faulty construction and the fact that it was ahead of its time, heterodyne reception was not fully appreciated until the oscillating triode was devised, thus allowing a practical means of generating the local frequency.

Between 1905 and 1913 Fessenden developed a completely self-sustaining wireless system. However, constant quarrels between Fessenden, Walker, and Given culminated in Fessenden's forming the Fessenden Wireless Company of Canada. He felt a Canadian company could better compete with British Marconi. As a result, his backers dismissed Fessenden from NESCO in January of 1911. Fessenden brought suit, won, and was awarded damages. To conserve assets pending appeal, NESCO went into receivership in 1912, and Samuel Kintner was appointed general manager of the company.

In 1917 Given and Walker formed International Signal Company (ISC) and transferred NESCO's patent assets to the new company. Westinghouse obtained majority control of ISC through the purchase of $2,500,000 worth of stock. The company was then reincorporated as The International Radio Telegraph Company. The Westinghouse-RCA agreements were signed in 1921 and International's assets were transferred to RCA.

RCA

The development of the radio industry accelerated after 1912. This was due to several factors, the most important of which was the passage of legislation by the US government requiring ships at sea to carry wireless. This created a market incentive and spurred the growth of the industry. Also, with the outbreak of World War I, the larger electrical companies turned their manufacturing output to radio apparatus, supporting the war effort. Three firms were prominent in this industrial endeavor: AT&T, GE, and Westinghouse.

AT&T's early contributions to this effort centered on their improvements of De Forest's triode, particularly in the evolution of circuits, the redesign of the mechanical structure, and an increase in the plate design. The importation of the Gaede molecular pump from Germany created a very high vacuum. The resulting high-vacuum tube brought the practical aspects of the wireless telephone closer to reality. By August 1915 speech had been sent by land wire to Arlington, Va., automatically picked up there via a newly developed vacuum-tube transmitter, and subsequently received at Darien, Canal Zone. By 1920 AT&T had purchased the rights to the De Forest triode and feedback circuit, and had placed itself in a strong position in the evolution of radio technology.

GE centered its efforts on the alternator, assigning Ernst F. W. Alexanderson to its design, and on further development of vacuum tube equipment for continuous wave telegraph transmission. By 1915 Alexanderson, Irving Langmuir, William D. Coolidge, and others had developed a complete system of continuous wave transmission and reception for GE.

As can be seen, both AT&T and GE were diverting major time and expenditures on vacuum tube research. This inevitably led to patent interferences and consequently, to cross-licensing arrangements.

Westinghouse was not in the strategic position of GE and AT&T. Nevertheless, during the war it did manufacture large quantities of radio apparatus, motors, generators, and rectifiers for the European and American governments. Postwar moves led Westinghouse into full partnership with the other two companies.

By the end of the war, all three companies had committed significant resources to wireless. They were hampered internationally, however, by the Marconi Company's dominant status, and in the United States they were blocked by opposing interests with control of key patents.

The US government also was concerned with this lack of solidarity in the wireless industry and over the British domination of the field worldwide. This impasse set a fascinating and complicated stage for the formation of the RCA.

Owen D. Young, legal counselor for GE, was instrumental in breaking the impasse. Through an innovative and far-reaching organizational consolidation, Young was able to persuade British Marconi that persistence in monopoly was a fruitless exercise, because of the strong US government feelings. Marconi, realizing the harm of a potential American boycott, finally agreed to terms. GE purchased the controlling interest in American Marconi, and RCA was formed. Young was made chairman of the board of RCA, while Edwin J. Nally and David Sarnoff of the old American Marconi were appointed president and commercial manager respectively.

On July 1, 1920, RCA signed a cross-licensing agreement with AT&T. The telephone company purchased one half million shares of RCA common and preferred stock for several considerations -- the most important being that all current and future radio patents of the two companies were available to each other royalty-free for ten years. Many provisions of these agreements were ambiguous and led to later squabbles between the RCA partners.

In May 1920 Westinghouse, which had an efficient radio manufacturing organization, formed an alliance with the International Radio and Telegraph Company (NESCO's successor). Westinghouse's part ownership gave them control of Fessenden's patents, particularly continuous-wave transmission and heterodyne transmission. Westinghouse also wisely purchased in October of 1920 Armstrong's patents on the regenerative and superheterodyne circuits -- which also included some of Columbia University professor Michael Pupin's patents. This placed Westinghouse in a strong bargaining position vis-à-vis RCA and in their new consolidated corporation. Westinghouse joined the growing group of radio companies on June 30, 1921. With these mergers, RCA agreed to purchase forty percent of its radio apparatus from Westinghouse and sixty percent from GE.

Through these and other legal arrangements, RCA obtained the rights to over 2,000 patents. These amounted to practically all the patents of importance in the radio science of that day. As a result, other firms in the radio industry, for example, the United Fruit Company and the Wireless Specialty Apparatus Company, entered into cross-licensing arrangements with RCA.

RCA also made arrangements internationally with the three dominant companies in radio communication in their respective countries. British Marconi, Compagnie Generale de Telegraphie sans fil, and Telefunken. Each corporation was given exclusive rights to use the other companies' patents within their own territories.

The rise of amateur radio in the 1920s and, to a greater extent, the demand for new products by the general public contributed to the rise of the broadcasting industry. This put a strain on the earlier agreements between the major radio corporations and between 1921 and 1928 there was a struggle over patents for control of the evolving medium.

An initial attempt by AT&T to control the broadcasting industry -- using its earlier cross-licensing agreements to manufacture radio telephone transmitting equipment -- began with AT&T's disposal of RCA stock holdings in 1922-1923. It ended in 1926 with a new cross-licensing agreement which gave AT&T exclusive patent rights in the field of public service telephony and gave GE, RCA, and Westinghouse exclusive patent rights in the areas covered by wireless telegraphy, entertainment broadcasting, and the manufacture of radio sets and receiving tubes for public sale.

In 1926 after the agreements were finalized, RCA, GE, and Westinghouse joined forces and established the National Broadcasting Company (NBC). Fifty percent of the stock went to RCA, thirty percent to GE, and twenty percent to Westinghouse. The new company was divided into three divisions: the Red, Blue, and Pacific Networks. Independent, competing networks soon emerged. William S. Paley and his family formed the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) in 1927. The Mutual Broadcasting System was formed in 1934.

By 1928 RCA had strong patent positions in all major areas of the radio industry, including the research, development and manufacture of vacuum tubes and speakers. Most small companies entering the industry in the 1920s produced their products based on prior research by others and on expired patents. An RCA license, therefore, was essential for the manufacture of any modern radio set or vacuum tube.

In the late 1920s new developments in the reproduction of sound, produced significant changes in the phonograph industry. Among those new developments were the introduction of the electronic record, and the marketing of the Radiola 104 Loudspeaker in 1926. In 1929 RCA purchased the Victor Talking Machine Company. This changed not only the quality but the sales of the phonograph and the phonograph record. A new entertainment industry was born and an ever-expanding market for consumer products was created with cultural implications that continue today.

Telefunken

German industrialists were eager to break the Marconi Company's monopoly. Although Marconi had patents on his inventions in Germany, the Germans developed a rival system through the Telefunken Corporation, incorporated in 1903, based on the inventions of Professor Ferdinand Braun, Dr. Rudolf Slaby, and Count George von Arco.

Before 1903 the Braun-Siemens and Halske system had been developed by Gesellschaft fur Drahtlose Telegraphie (GFDT). The Slaby-Arco system had been developed by Allgemeine Electrizitats-Gesellschaft. After litigation over patents, the German court handed down a decision in favor of the GFDT. The Kaiser, with national interests in mind, ordered that the rivalry cease. The two systems were amalgamated under GFDT, and became known as the Telefunken.

Chronology of Some Significant Events In The History of The Radio Industry

1895 -- Marconi experiments with Hertz's oscillator and Branley's coherer.

1897 -- In March Marconi demonstrates his wireless system on Salisbury Plain, near London, and files a complete patent specification. In May trials of Marconi's system are made over water between Lavernock and Flatholm, a distance of three miles. On May 13, communication is established between Lavernock Point and Brean Down, a distance of eight miles. German scientist Professor Slaby is present. The first Marconi station is erected at the Needles, Isle of Wight. A distance of fourteen and one-half miles is bridged by wireless. In December the Marconi station at the Needles communicates with a ship eighteen miles at sea.

1898 -- In England Oliver Lodge files a complete specification covering inventions in wireless telegraphy.

1899 -- The New York Herald uses Marconi's wireless telegraphy to report the progress of the International Yacht races between the Columbia and the Shamrock off New York harbor in September. US. Navy vessels make trials of Marconi's wireless telegraph system. The cruiser New York and the battleship Massachusetts are equipped with apparatus. Fessenden develops improvements in methods of wireless telegraph signaling.

1900 -- The Marconi International Marine Communication Company is organized on April 25th in London. Reginald Aubrey Fessenden begins work at the United States Weather Bureau. Over the next two years he invents the liquid barretter, an improved radio receiver.

1901 -- In February on board the SS Philadelphia, Marconi receives wireless signals over a distance of 1,551 miles. In March Marconi wireless telegraph service begins between islands of the Hawaiian group. On December 12, Marconi receives transatlantic signal at St. John's, Newfoundland from Poldhu, Cornwall, England. The Canadian government orders two Marconi telegraph sets for use at coastal points along the Strait of Belle Isle.

1901 -- Fessenden procures US patent no. 706737 for a system of radio signaling employing long waves (low frequency). De Forest develops a system of wireless telegraphy in Chicago. 1903-06 10,000 to 50,000 cycle machines, 1 kW, are developed by Steinmetz and by Alexanderson of GE for Fessenden. 1905 Marconi procures patent number 14788 in England, covering the invention of the horizontal directional antenna.

1906 -- At Brant Rock, Massachusetts, Fessenden employs a generator of one-half kW capacity, operating at 75,000 cycles, for radio purposes. He succeeds in telephoning a distance of eleven miles by means of wireless telephone apparatus.

1907 -- De Forest procures a U. S. patent for an audion amplifier of pulsating or alternating current.

1908 -- Marconi stations in Canada and England are opened for radio telegraph service across the Atlantic. Fessenden constructs a 70,000-cycle alternator with an output of 2.5 kW. at 225 volts, for radio signaling purposes. He reports successful radio telephone tests between Brant Rock and Washington, DC, a distance of 600 miles.

1909 -- US House of Representatives passes the Burke Bill for the compulsory use of radio telegraphy on certain classes of vessels. The United Wireless Telegraph Company and the Radio Telephone Company of New York (De Forest and Stone systems) begin the erection of radio stations in the Central and Western states. Marconi shares with Ferdinand Braun of Germany the Nobel prize in recognition of contributions in wireless telegraphy.

1910 -- An act of the US government requires radio equipment and operators on certain types of passenger ships. The Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Marconi station is opened in September. This station communicates with Clifden, Ireland. The transatlantic tariff is seventeen cents a word.

1911 -- A radio section is organized by the US Department of Commerce to enforce the provisions of national radio legislation. Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company acquires the Lodge-Muirhead patents.

1912 -- Rotary gap is used with Fessenden 100 kW 500 cycle spark set at NAA, the Navy's first high-power station at Arlington, Virginia. Marconi Wireless of America acquires property of the United Wireless Telegraph Company. British Marconi secures the important radio patents of Bellini and Tosi, Italian inventors. Wreck of the SS Titanic on April 15th. The act of 1910 is extended on July 23 to cover cargo vessels. requires an auxiliary source of power on ships and two or more skilled radio apparatus operators on certain types of passenger ships. On August 13, an act provides for licensing radio operators and transmitting stations.

1912-1913 -- High vacuum amplifying tubes (an improvement on De Forest's), using the findings of pure science, are produced almost simultaneously in two great industrial laboratories, by Dr. H. D. Arnold of AT&T and Irving Langmuir of GE.

1915 -- De Forest Ultra-audion three-step (cascade) audio amplifier is announced and introduced into practice.

1916 -- GE and the Western Electric Company develop the first experimental vacuum tube radiotelephone systems for the Navy.

1917-1918 -- First production of vacuum tubes in quantity, both coated filament and tungsten filament types, by Western Electric Company and GE.

1918 -- Lloyd Espenschied procures US patent number 1,256,889 for the invention of a duplex radio telegraph system. (See Lloyd Espenschied Papers, Archives Center, NMAH, Collection #13.) The House of Representatives passes a resolution on July 5, authorizing the President to take over management of telegraph and telephone systems due to war conditions.

1919 -- Bills are introduced in Congress for permanent government control of radio stations. The widespread resentment of amateurs has more to do with the defeat of these bills than the objections of commercial companies. Roy Alexander Weagant, New York, reports having developed means of reducing disturbances to radio reception caused by atmospherics or static. This is the first successful static-reducing system. GE purchases the holdings of the British Marconi Company in the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company of America, the name of the latter company being changed to Radio Corporation of America (RCA) in October. Edward J. Nally is elected president of the new company.

1920 -- E. F. W. Alexanderson is appointed Chief Engineer of RCA. RCA begins the installation of 200-kW Alexanderson alternators at Bolinas, California, and Marion, Massachusetts. The Tropical Radio Telegraph Company, a subsidiary of the United Fruit Company, New York, operates ten long-distance radio stations at points in Central and South Americirca RCA purchases 6,000 acres at Rocky Point, Long Island, New York, and begins erection of a Radio Central station, comprising a number of operating units for communication with European stations and stations in South Americirca On May 15, RCA inaugurates radio telegraph services between installations at Chatham and Marion, Massachusetts, and stations at Stavanger and Jaerobe, Norway. Westinghouse Company's radio station KDKA, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, broadcasts returns of the national elections, November 2. Development, design, and manufacture by GE of the early receiving and transmitting tubes made available to the public by RCA (UV-200,201,202). Radio telegraph stations and properties taken over by the government under war time powers are returned to their owners at midnight, February 29. The government calls for bids for the sale of large quantities of surplus radio and telegraph and telephone apparatus purchased for war needs and not used.

1921 -- RCA develops Vacuum tubes UV-200(detector) and UV-201(amplifier) -- both triodes with brass shells known as the UV base, and incorporating a filament that required 1 ampere at 5 volts for operation -- for storage battery operation; and at the same time also released to the public the WD-11 for dry cell operation, which employed an oxide-coated tungsten filament. RCA station at Rocky Point, Long Island, opens on November 5. WJZ station established by the Westinghouse Company in Newark, NJ. RCA broadcast station at Roselle Park, NJ (WDY) opens on December 15. It continues operation until February 15, 1922, when its operation is transferred to WJZ, Newark, previously owned by Westinghouse. RCA installs 200-kW alternator at Tuckerton, NJ.

1922 -- First use of tube transmitters by RCA for service from the United States to England and Germany. RCA begins substitution of tube transmitters on ships to replace spark sets. RCA begins replacement of crystal receivers by tube receivers on ships.

1923 -- Broadcast stations WJZ and WJY opened in New York in May by RCA. WRC opens in Washington on August 1. The UV-201A, receiving tubes developed by GE and consuming only 1/4 of an ampere are introduced by RCA. Tungsten filaments coated and impregnated with thorium were employed.

1924 -- Edwin H. Armstrong, demonstrates the superheterodyne receiver on March 6th. In November RCA experiments with radio photographs across the Atlantic. RCA markets the superheterodyne receivers for broadcast reception.

1925-26 -- Dynamic loudspeakers introduced. Magnetic pick-up phonograph recording and reproduction developed. RCA opens radio circuit to Dutch East Indies. Direction-finders introduced on ships.

1927 -- Fully self-contained AC radio receivers introduced.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Smithsonian in 1959.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs, negatives, and slides.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Radio engineers -- 1880-1950  Search this
Electric engineers -- 1880-1950  Search this
Radio -- History  Search this
Electricity -- 1880-1950  Search this
Communication -- 1880-1950  Search this
Genre/Form:
Technical manuals -- Electrical equipment
Clippings
Patents
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Blueprints
Letters patent
Photographs -- 1850-1900
Sale catalogs -- Electrical equipment -- 1880-1950
Technical drawings
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Citation:
George H. Clark Radioana Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0055
See more items in:
George H. Clark Radioana Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0055
Online Media:

Benny Carter Collection

Creator:
Carter, Benny, 1907-2003  Search this
Extent:
67.5 Cubic feet (182 boxes, 3 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Awards
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Scores
Posters
Photographs
Music
Manuscripts
Date:
1928-2000
Scope and Contents:
The majority of the material in the Benny Carter Collection is dated from the late 1920s through the later half of the 1990s. Donated to the Smithsonian Institution in December, 2000, the bulk of the collection is comprised of original music manuscripts (full scores and parts), band books, and published sheet music from Benny Carter's prolific career as a jazz composer and musician. The collection also contains newspaper clippings, correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, awards, posters, commercial sound recordings, a few jazz related journals and some personal ephemera documenting Benny Carter's personal life and career as a composer, arranger, bandleader, trumpeter and alto saxophonist.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into six series

Series 1: Music Manuscripts, 1928-1990s

Series 2: Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Clippings, 1928-2000

Series 3: Photographs, 1928-1998

Series 4: Awards and Proclamations, 1961-1999

Series 5: Sound Recordings, 1958-1989

Series 6: Ephemera, 1952-2000

Series 7: 2004 Photographs Addenda

Series 8: 2004 Ephemera Addenda

Series 9: 2004 Magazine and Newsclippings Addenda

Series 10: 2004 Awards and Proclamations Addenda
Biography:
Bennett Lester Carter, better known as "Benny," was born on August 8, 1907 in New York City. The Carter's were quite a musical family - - Benny's father played guitar, his mother played piano, and a cousin, Theodore ("Cuban") Bennett, played the trumpet professionally - - so it was no surprise that Benny also became a musician, beginning his musical training at the age of ten. He first played the trumpet and then C-melody saxophone before changing to alto saxophone, which became his chief instrument.

Benny Carter began his professional career around the young age of seventeen, when he joined a local group as an alto saxophonist. He subsequently played with various other groups, including Billy Paige and Louis Deppe, until attending Wilberforce College in Ohio to study seminary in 1925. Finding music more enticing than theology, Carter left college and instead toured with Horace Henderson's Wilberforce Collegians intermittently between 1925 and 1928.

Carter's musical talents began attracting widespread attention in 1930 during a year-long stint with Fletcher Henderson's orchestra, to which he contributed many important arrangements. As word of his talent continued to spread, Carter played with such notables as William "Chick" Webb (1931) and served as musical director of William McKinney's Cotton Pickers (1931-1932) in Detroit. Upon returning to New York in 1932, Carter formed his own highly-respected orchestra. In its two years of existence, the Benny Carter Orchestra included several major pioneers in early swing style, such as Bill Coleman, Dicky Wells, Ben Webster, Chu Berry, Teddy Wilson, and Sid Catlett. Months after playing the inaugural show in New York City at Harlem's Apollo Theater in 1934, Carter disbanded the orchestra and, one year later, sailed to Europe to spread jazz across the globe.

After arriving in Europe, Carter first performed with Willie Lewis in Paris, France, and then, during 1936 -1938, served as staff arranger for the BBC Dance Orchestra in London, England. As he continued to tour throughout his stay in Europe (even leading his own interracial band in the Netherlands in 1937), he met with even greater success than in the United States. By this point, Carter was well-known for his arrangements and for his alto saxophone and clarinet playing. He was also recognized for his talented singing and tenor saxophone, trumpet, and piano playing.

In 1938, Carter sailed back to the United States and formed a new orchestra which regularly played at Harlem's Savoy Theater until 1940. He toured the United States during the next few years, both with small groups and with his big band, finally settling in Los Angeles in 1945. There he continued to lead his band (band members included modern jazz greats such as Miles Davis and J. J. Johnson), but turned increasingly to writing and arranging music for films and television productions. His film scores include Stormy Weather (1943), A Man Called Adam (1966), Red Sky at Morning(1970), and Buck and the Preacher (1972). "Ironside," "Bob Hope Presents," and the Alfred Hitchcock show were among the television programs for which he wrote music.

Carter had stopped performing with a regular orchestra by 1946, but he remained active up through the 1960s both by playing at Norman Granz's Jazz at the Philharmonic shows and with Duke Ellington, among others. He also continued to arrange music for various singers, including Sarah Vaughan, Ella Fitzgerald, Ray Charles, Peggy Lee, and Louis Armstrong. During the 1970s he began performing again, touring in Europe, Asia and Australia; in 1976 he toured the Middle East under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of State. Carter also became involved with academia, serving as visiting professor or workshop consultant at universities such as Yale, Cornell, Princeton, and Duke. He remained active in the music business well into the 1990s and still resides in California.

Benny Carter is regarded as "one of the most versatile musicians of his time." As a musician, he made major contributions to several areas of jazz and, as an arranger, he helped to construct the big-band swing style. He has received many awards throughout his career. The more prestigious honors included a Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences and a 1994 Grammy Award for the album "Elegy in Blue."

Footnotes

[1 ] Biographical note derived from Benny Carter: A Life in American Music, by Monroe and Edward Berger, and James Patrick (New York: Scarecrow Press and the Institute of Jazz Studies, Rutgers University, 1982).

[2] J. Bradford Robinson, "John Kirby," The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, vol 1, 1986: 653-54.
Provenance:
The Benny Carter Collection was donated by Bennett Carter in December 2000.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright.
Topic:
African American musicians  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Awards
Clippings -- 20th century
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Scores
Posters -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Music -- Manuscripts
Manuscripts -- Music -- 20th century
Citation:
Benny Carter Collection, 1928-2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0757
See more items in:
Benny Carter Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0757
Online Media:

44 Solos... - A. C. Brockmeyer's . .

Series Creator:
DeVincent, Sam, 1918-1997  Search this
Extent:
6 Items
Container:
Box 12, Folder L
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Includes: American Banjo School.
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
The Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 21: Musical Instruments
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 21: Musical Instruments / 21.2: Banjo / Folios
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0300-s21-ref103

C - D Titles

Series Creator:
DeVincent, Sam, 1918-1997  Search this
Extent:
3 Items
Container:
Box 12, Folder M
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Includes: Eddie Peabody and His Banjo.
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
The Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 21: Musical Instruments
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 21: Musical Instruments / 21.2: Banjo / Folios
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0300-s21-ref105

Witmark... - Wm. C. Stahl's... Titles

Series Creator:
DeVincent, Sam, 1918-1997  Search this
Extent:
5 Items
Container:
Box 15, Folder U
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Includes: The Witmark Banjo Folio.
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
The Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 21: Musical Instruments
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 21: Musical Instruments / 21.2: Banjo / Folios
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0300-s21-ref120

J - P Composers

Series Creator:
DeVincent, Sam, 1918-1997  Search this
Extent:
8 Items
Container:
Box 16, Folder C
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Includes: three pieces by David Popper.
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
The Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 21: Musical Instruments
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 21: Musical Instruments / 21.3: Cello / Compositions for Cello
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0300-s21-ref129

Folios, C - H Titles

Series Creator:
DeVincent, Sam, 1918-1997  Search this
Extent:
3 Items
Container:
Box 19, Folder B
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Includes: Carl Reinecke's Foundation to Clarinet Playing.
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
The Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 21: Musical Instruments
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 21: Musical Instruments / 21.4: Clarinet / Instrumental Compositions and Belwin Folios
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0300-s21-ref153

Folios, I - Lazarus Titles

Series Creator:
DeVincent, Sam, 1918-1997  Search this
Extent:
3 Items
Container:
Box 19, Folder C
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Includes: Klose's Celebrated Method for the Clarinet.
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
The Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 21: Musical Instruments
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 21: Musical Instruments / 21.4: Clarinet / Instrumental Compositions and Belwin Folios
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0300-s21-ref155

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