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Ernst Herzfeld Papers

Topic:
Papyrus
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum  Search this
Verlag Philipp von Zabern  Search this
Anistās Mārī, al-Karmilī, ab, 1866-1947  Search this
Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933  Search this
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian, 1868-1926  Search this
Berchem, Max van, 1863-1921  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Krefter, Friedrich, 1898-1995  Search this
Meyer, Eduard, 1855-1930  Search this
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, 1865-1945  Search this
Extent:
150 Linear feet (circa 30,000 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Place:
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Persepolis (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Syria
Date:
1903-1947
Summary:
An outstanding scholar in the field of Iranian studies, Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948) explored all phases of Near Eastern culture from the prehistoric period to Islamic times. This collection documents Herzfeld's excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo and includes correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
Papers (1899--1962) of German born archaeologist Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879--1948), a preeminent scholar of Near Eastern and Iranian studies. The collection measures 150 linear feet (circa 30,000 items) and documents Herzfeld's work as a pioneer in the field and sheds light on his excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo. Formats include correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized into seven series.

Series 1: Travel journals

Series 2: Sketchbooks

Series 3: Notebooks

Series 4: Photographic files 1-42

Series 5: Drawings and maps

Series 6: Squeezes

Series 7: Samarra Expedition
Biographical / Historical:
The Ernst Herzfeld Papers document the career of Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948), a German architect, archaeologist, and historian of Islamic and Pre-Islamic studies. After training as an architect he studied archaeology under Delitzch from 1903 to 1906 at the excavations at Assur in Mesopotamia. A student of Latin, Greek, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Hebrew, Herzfeld received a doctorate in Humanistic Studies at universities in Munich and Berlin in 1907. His work with Friedrich Sarre to survey the monuments of the Tigris-Euphrates valleys resulted in landmark studies in architectural history, published in 1911 and 1920.

In 1920 Herzfeld was appointed to the chair of Historical Geography in Berlin and began his excavation at Samarra. Herzfeld's work there led to a six-volume publication. He published widely throughout his life on the sources of Islamic architecture and ornament, including the Royal Palace at Persepolis.

From 1934 until the end of his life Herzfeld spent his time producing many books and articles, lecturing, and working at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton (1936--1945.) Many of his works continue to be published post-humously.

1879 July 23 -- Born in Celle, Germany.

1897 -- Received diploma from Joachimsthaler Gymnasium, Berlin.

1897-circa 1898 -- Fulfilled military service.

circa 1899 -- Studied architecture at the Technical University and Assyriology, art history, and philosophy at the Friedrich-Wilhems Universität in Berlin.

1903 -- Passed exam in structural engineering.

1903-1905 -- Assistant to Walter Andrae (1875-1956) in Assur.

1905-1906 -- Traveled throughout Iran and Iraq.

1907 -- Excavation in Cilicia. Passed oral exam in February. Awarded doctorate in Humanistic Studies by Friedrich-Wilhems Universtät zu Berlin. After receiving Ph.D. traveled extensively in Syria and Iraq with Friedrich Sarre, director of the Islamic Museum in Berlin.

1910 -- Herzfeld and Sarre jointly publish, Iranische Felsreliefs (Berlin, 1910).

1911-1913 -- Field Director under direction of Sarre during expedition to Samarra.

circa 1914 -- Drafted into service in France and Poland during World War I. Sent to Iraq where he functioned as a surveyor.

1916 -- Father died.

1917 -- Appointed associate professor for Historical Geography and Art History of the Ancient Orient at Berlin. Along with Friedrich Sarre and others, founded the German-Persian Society to increase cultural and economic exchange between Germany and Persia.

1920 -- Appointed world's first full professor of Near Eastern Archeology. Begins excavation at Samarra.

1922 -- Mother died.

1923-1934 -- In Persia, where he completed many excavations and studies.

1928 -- Excavation at Pasargadae.

1931-1934 -- Appointed director of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago and moved to Persepolis.

1934 -- As grandson of Jews, Nazi legislation expelling state employees of Jewish descent forced Herzfeld to retire as a professor employed by the state. Moved to London.

1936 -- Delivered Lowell Lectures. Moved to Boston. Lectured on Iranian history and appointed a member of the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study.

1944 -- Retired from Princeton University.

1948 January 20 -- Died.
Provenance:
Ernst Herzfeld donated his papers to the Freer Gallery of Art in 1946.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ayyubids  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
History  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Abbasids  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper Squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3d8456fbe-98f6-4159-bd2f-c485379b84a7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-06
Online Media:

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of Arabic Inscription No. XV (right) and No. XVII (left), in Naskhi Mameluke Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalbek."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 119 (Negative Number: 3786). Baalbek. Section of wall with Arabic inscriptions."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3786
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were exchanged between the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3786
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc334259706-d6a3-42fe-8bf9-cdeab18aeedc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28985

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of Arabic Inscription No. XV (right) and No. XVII (left), in Naskhi Mameluke Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 18 cm. x 13 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalbek."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 120 (Negative Number: 3787). Baalbek. Section of wall with Arabic inscriptions."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3787
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were exchanged between the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3787
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc31792903a-8580-42c1-8fcd-236fcb2b8d1a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28986

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of a Paper Squeeze with Arabic Inscription No. I (part 1/3), in Kufic Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "46."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 121 (Negative Number: 3852). Baalbek. Squeeze of Kufic inscriptions."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3852
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were circulating among the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3852
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3181eebf0-039c-4e5b-8c31-63cb5210f2aa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28987

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of a Paper Squeeze with Arabic Inscription No. I (part 2/3), in Kufic Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscript. I."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 122 (Negative Number: 3855). Baalbek. Squeeze of Inscription I."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3855
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were circulating among the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3855
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3013ed7d2-c944-41ad-8278-bf5bf6779c00
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28988

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of a Paper Squeeze with Arabic Inscription No. I (part 3/3), in Kufic Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscript. I."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 123 (Negative Number: 3788). Baalbek. Squeeze of Inscription I."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3788
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were circulating among the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3788
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3c18b9303-70b2-4b37-b48a-9aff3e3fe0f9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28989

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Qubbat al-Amjad: View of Arabic Inscription No. III, in Naskhi Ayyubid Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscr. III."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 124 (Negative Number: 3528). Baalbek. Inscription. III."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3528
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were circulating among the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3528
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3855f3dbb-f4c6-4fe1-b871-fadb02b5c22f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28990

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of Arabic Inscription No. IV, in Naskhi Ayyubid Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscr. IV."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 125 (Negative Number: 3794). Baalbek. Inscription. IV."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3794
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were circulating among the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3794
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3d48e82a3-af7b-4e43-88f3-06da26314ece
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28991

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of Arabic Inscription No. V, in Naskhi Ayyubid Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscr. V."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 126 (Negative Number: 3789). Baalbek. Inscription. V."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3789
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were circulating among the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3789
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3a9d36d1f-ee71-4216-97a1-07054af58630
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28992

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Umayyad Mosque within the Citadel: View of Arabic Inscription No. VI, in Naskhi Ayyubid Script, on Base of Minaret

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscr. VI."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 127 (Negative Number: 3524). Baalbek. Inscription. VI, door lintel."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3524
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were circulating among the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3524
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc336ad5f44-1971-4282-b331-1269391d4175
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28993

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of Arabic Inscription No. XI, in Naskhi Mameluke Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscr. XI."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 128 (Negative Number: 3790). Baalbek, Inscription. VII, tabula ansata."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3790
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were circulating among the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3790
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3229f736a-90cf-411a-ba62-c791321d774c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28994

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of Arabic Inscription No. XIV, in Naskhi Mameluke Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscr. 14."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 129 (Negative Number: 3782). Baalbek, Inscription. XIV."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3782
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were circulating among the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3782
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3aa574013-05dd-40eb-a965-fb5b4b642368
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28995

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of Arabic Inscription No. XIV, in Naskhi Mameluke Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscr. 14."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 130 (Negative Number: 3784). Baalbek, Inscription. XIV."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3784
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were circulating among the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3784
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc38dbd94b3-1b39-4fbc-9569-cfcb0a01950f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28996

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of Arabic Inscription No. XIV, in Naskhi Mameluke Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscr. 14."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 131 (Negative Number: 3585). Baalbek, Inscription. XIV."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3585
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were circulating among the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3585
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc38265aacf-c020-40ef-8347-a8081ade00f4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28997

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of Arabic Inscription No. XV, in Naskhi Mameluke Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 18 cm. x 13 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalbek. Inscr. XV."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 132 (Negative Number: 3785). Baalbek. Inscription. XV, detail of No.119."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3785
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were exchanged between the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3785
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3b948881d-263a-4b9a-a2f6-a68782383bbe
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28998

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of Arabic Inscription No. XV, in Naskhi Mamluk Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscr. XV."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 133 (Negative Number: 3599). Baalbek, Inscription. XV, another view of No.132, tabula ansata."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3599
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were exchanged between the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3599
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc37c37ac5a-2156-4b25-bdc2-7a8e2892a3b3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref28999

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of Arabic Inscription No. XV, in Naskhi Mameluke Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscr. XV."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 134 (Negative Number: 3525). Baalbek, Inscription. XV, another view of No.132."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3525
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were exchanged between the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3525
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc328c58848-6a7b-439c-82b6-752c9b8f8172
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref29000

Baalbeck (Lebanon): From an Unidentified Location: View of Arabic Inscription No. XVI (part 1/2, right), in Naskhi Mameluke Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscr. XVI, right section."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 135 (Negative Number: 3537). Inscription. XVI, right section."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3537
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were exchanged between the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3537
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc343f749e2-d808-45fb-93ab-81b3fd132d89
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref29001

Baalbeck (Lebanon): From an Unidentified Location: View of Arabic Inscription No. XVI (part 2/2, left), in Naskhi Mameluke Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. Inscr. XVI, left section."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 136 (Negative Number: 3526). Inscription. XVI, left section."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3526
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were exchanged between the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3526
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3176aae1e-35f8-4dbc-9fea-a192005c7821
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref29002

Baalbeck (Lebanon): Fortified Walls of the Citadel: View of Arabic Inscription No. XIX, in Naskhi Mameluke Script

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sobernheim, Moritz  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Lebanon
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Lebanon -- Beqaa -- Baalbeck
Date:
1899-1914
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 14, vol. 2 reads, "Baalb. XIX."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.14: Photo File 14 (2 vols.), "Syria: Architecture & Inscriptions," Subseries 4.14.1: vol. 1; Image No. 138 (Negative Number: 3857). Baalbek, Inscription. XIX."
Additional information from staff reads, "Under the Ayyubids (1175-1250) and the Mamluks (1279-1516), Baalbek witnessed a revival of its political and economic role. To defend the city from crusader attacks, the Ayyubids built a citadel on the site of the temples of Jupiter and Bacchus, which continued to be used during the Mamluk period. Of this citadel and the town that existed within, the fortification wall, a gate, the towers and a mosque remain. Outside the fortified citadel, the old Shiite Mosque, the great and the small Ras al-Ain Mosques, Qubbat al-Amjad, Qubbat Douris and Qubbat as-Saadin were constructed."
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850, are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.3857
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
As early as 1893, Ernst Herzfeld, Moritz Sobernheim, Max Freiherr von Oppenheim participated in Max Van Berchem's project to create a Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. During the following 25 years, research materials such as glass negatives, photographic prints, drawings, maps, and notebooks were exchanged between the four archaeologists. In the case of this glass negative, it may have been taken by Moritz Sobernheim on a visit to Baalbeck between 1899 and 1905, as mentioned in his 1922 publication, "Baalbek in Islamischer Zeit, in Voradruck aus dem Werke: Baalbek, Ergebnisse der Aus rabungen und Unterschungen in den Jahren 1898 bis 1905, Vol. 3."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.3857
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3f02ad3b7-e4ca-4aa8-b6d4-ce7ce920635e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref29003

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