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Francis P. Conant Papers

Creator:
Conant, Francis  Search this
Names:
Hunter College. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Goldschmidt, Walter, 1913-2010  Search this
Naguib, Mohammed, 1901-  Search this
Extent:
20 Linear feet ((43 boxes) plus 25 digital storage media and 5 map folders )
Culture:
Southern Bauchi languages  Search this
Suk (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field recordings
Maps
Field notes
Manuscripts
Electronic records
Correspondence
Sound recordings
Photographs
Place:
Africa, French-speaking West
Sahara
Egypt
Ethiopia
Uganda
West Pokot District (Kenya)
Bauchi Province (Nigeria)
Belgian Congo
Finland
Morocco
Sudan
Date:
1946-2011
bulk 1953-2008
Summary:
The papers of Francis P. Conant document his anthropological work and, to a lesser extent, his previous career as a journalist and photographer. Francis Paine Conant was a cultural anthropologist who pioneered the use of satellite data in anthropology. He conducted fieldwork in Nigeria and Kenya, and his research interests spanned cultural ecology, AIDS, malaria, and sex and gender studies. He was also Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Hunter College, where he taught from 1962 to 1995.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Francis P. Conant document his anthropological work and, to a lesser extent, his previous career as a journalist and photographer. The bulk of the collection consists of his field work in Africa, specifically his doctoral research among the Barawa in Nigeria during the 1950s; his work among the Pokot in Kenya for Walter Goldschimdt's Culture and Ecology in East Africa Project during the 1960s; and his later research among the Pokot during the 1970s incorporating remote sensing tools. These materials include his dissertation, field notes, kinship charts, maps, correspondence, photographs, and sound recordings. The collection also contains photographs, correspondence, and writings relating to the Bernheim-Conant expedition through Africa. Among the photos are Polaroids of Mohammad Naguib, first president of Egypt. Also present in the collection are his published and unpublished academic writings, his writings and correspondence as a news correspondent in Finland, and files from courses that he taught. In addition, the collection contains some of Conant's digital files, which have not yet been examined. Overall there is little correspondence in the collection, aside from some letters scattered throughout the collection relating to his research and writings (both as an academic and a journalist).
Arrangement:
Collection is organized into 9 series: 1) Nigeria, 1956-1960, undated; 2) Kenya, 1961-1974, undated; 3) Remote Sensing, 1967, 1971, 1976-1984, 1991-1992, 2002; 4) Bernheim-Conant Expedition, 1953-1956; 5) Writings, 1960-1966, 1974-1995, 2000-2006, undated; 6) University Files, 1956-1957, 1961, 1970, 1972, 1982-1995, undated; 7) Biographical Files and Letters, circa 1940, CIRCA 1946-1947, 1951, 1955, 1979, 1989-1991, 1996-2000, 2007-2011, undated; 8) Sound Recordings, 1956-1965, 1971, 1977-1978, undated; 9) Digital Files
Biographical / Historical:
Francis Paine Conant was a cultural anthropologist who pioneered the use of satellite data in anthropology. He conducted fieldwork in Nigeria and Kenya, and his research interests spanned cultural ecology, AIDS, malaria, and sex and gender studies. He was also Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Hunter College, where he taught from 1962 to 1995.

Conant was born on February 27, 1926 in New York City. After graduating from Phillips Exeter Academy, he deferred college to enlist in the U.S. Army in 1944. He served as a field artillery observer for the 294th Field Artillery Battalion and helped liberate two concentration camps during World War II. After he was honorably discharged in 1946, he attended Cornell University, where he obtained his B.A. in 1950. While at Cornell, a Finnish student invited Conant to Finland to help relocate families, farms, and livestock further from the Russian border, a protective measure against another Russian invasion. Conant accepted his invitation and took time off from his academic studies to spend several months in Finland in 1947, as well as a summer in 1949.

After graduating from Cornell, Conant attended University of Iowa's graduate writing program for a short time. Dissatisfied with the program, he worked briefly for the Carnegie Endowment, during which time he occasionally served as a personal driver for Alger Hiss. In 1951, he returned to Finland to pursue a career in journalism. He worked for United Press International until 1953.

From December 5, 1953 to May 26, 1954, Conant traveled throughout Africa as part of the Bernheim-Conant Expedition for the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). The expedition was led by Claude Bernheim, the father of his first wife, Miriam. They traveled 16,000 miles through Northern Central and Eastern Africa, collecting film footage and material culture for the museum. Conant served as the writer and photographer for the expedition, publishing illustrated articles in the New York Times and Natural History Magazine.

He later returned to Africa as a doctoral student at Columbia University, where he earned his PhD in Anthropology in 1960. After studying the Hausa language at the International African Institute in London, he traveled to Nigeria as a Fellow of the Ford Foundation to carry out his fieldwork in Dass Independent District, Bauchi Province. Working among the Barawa that live in the mountains of Dass, he focused on their religion and its impact on the technology, social and political organization, and structure of their society. His dissertation was titled "Dodo of Dass: A Study of a Pagan Religion of Northern Nigeria." During his fieldwork, he also collected data on rock gongs, which were first identified and written about by Bernard Fagg in 1955.

In 1961 to 1962, Conant was a research associate for Walter Goldschmidt's Culture and Ecology in East Africa Project. The purpose of the project was to conduct a controlled comparison of four different East African societies and the farmers and pastoralists within each tribe. Conant was assigned to conduct ethnographic research among the Pokot in West Pokot District in Kenya. This research would form the basis of his remote sensing work in the same area more than a decade later. Conant was first introduced to remote sensing data in 1974 when his colleague Priscilla Reining showed him Landsat imagery of one his former fieldwork sites. He was inspired by the potential applications of satellite data to study cultural and ecological relationships. In 1975, he and Reining organized a workshop on "Satellite Potentials for Anthropological Studies of Subsistence Activities and Population Change." He incorporated remote sensing tools in his 1977 to 1980 study of the changing cultivation patterns and management of livestock in West Pokot District. His research combined traditional fieldwork (which included data he had collected in the 1960s), LANDSAT data, and geospatial data collected from the ground.

Later in his career, Conant's research interests expanded to include the spread of diseases, specifically AIDS and malaria. He, along with Priscilla Reining, John Bongaarts, and Peter Way found that uncircumcised men were 86% more likely to contract HIV than circumcised men. Their findings were published in their paper "The Relationship Between Male Circumcision and HIV Infection in African Populations" (1989). His research on malaria focused on the spread of the disease during African prehistory.

Conant taught briefly at Columbia University and was an Assistant Professor at University of Massachusetts, at Amherst in 1960-1961. Most of his academic career was spent at Hunter College, where he served as Chair of the Anthropology Department several times. He also founded and headed the college's Research Institute in Aruba.

Conant was a Fulbright Senior Research Fellow at Oxford University's Pitts Rivers Museum in 1968-1969. He was also a fellow of the American Anthropological Association, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the International African Institute, the New York Academy of Sciences, and the Royal Anthropological Institute. In addition, he was actively involved with the Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal.

Conant died at the age of 84 on January 29, 2011.

Sources Consulted

Bates, Daniel G. 2011. Francis P. Conant: A Tribute to a Friend of Human Ecology. Human Ecology 39(2): 115.

Bates, Daniel and Oliver Conant. Francis P. Conant. Anthropology News. 52(5): 25.

Conant, Veronika. Email message to Lorain Wang, October 22, 2013.

[Curriculum Vitae], Series 7. Biographical Files and Letters, Francis Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Francis P. Conant. http://www.hunter.cuny.edu/anthropology/faculty-staff/in-remembrance/francis-p.-conant [accessed August 23, 2013].

1926 -- Born February 27 in New York City, New York

1944-1946 -- Enlists in Army and serves in World War II as a flash ranger in 294th Field Artillery Battalion

1950 -- Earns B.A. from Cornell University in English and Russian, minor in Engineering

1953-1954 -- AMNH Bernheim-Conant Expedition to northern Africa

1957 -- Conducts language studies at the International African Institute

1957-1959 -- Conducts fieldwork in northern Nigeria

1960 -- Earns PhD in Cultural Anthropology from Columbia University

1960-1961 -- Assistant Professor, Anthropology, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

1961-1962 -- Research Associate for Culture and Ecology in East Africa Project directed by Walter Goldschimdt

1962 -- Joins faculty at Hunter College

1968-1969 -- Fulbright Senior Research Fellow, Oxford University, Pitt-Rivers Museum

1977-1980 -- Sets up remote sensing monitoring area in West Pokot district in Kenya. Studies changing cultivation patterns and management of livestock

1995 -- Retires from Hunter College; Emeritus Professor

2011 -- Dies on January 29 at the age of 84
Related Materials:
For additional materials at the National Anthropological Archives relating to Francis Conant, see the papers of Priscilla Reining and John Lawrence Angel. His film collection is at the Human Studies Film Archives.

Artifacts and film collected during the Bernheim-Conant Expedition, his doctoral research in Nigeria, and his fieldwork in Kenya during the 1960s and 70s are at the American Museum of Natural History. He also deposited collections at the Pitts River Museum at the University of Oxford.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Francis Conant's widow Veronika Conant in 2012.
Restrictions:
The Francis P. Conant Papers are open for research. Access to the Francis P. Conant Papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Remote sensing  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Musical instruments -- Nigeria  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Subsistence farming -- Kenya  Search this
Subsistence herding -- Kenya  Search this
Human ecology  Search this
Landsat satellites  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field recordings
Maps
Field notes
Manuscripts
Electronic records
Correspondence
Sound recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Francis P. Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2012-13
See more items in:
Francis P. Conant Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw353adee01-90b3-4434-ace0-16b4f5ce003f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2012-13
Online Media:

Arthur C. Ballard photographs relating to the Muckleshoot Tribe submitted to the Indian Claims Commission

Photographer:
Ballard, Arthur C. (Arthur Condit), 1876-  Search this
Extent:
60 Prints (Album :, silver gelatin)
7 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Nisqually  Search this
Muckleshoot  Search this
Snoqualmie  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Muckleshoot Reservation (Wash.)
Date:
1902-1936
Scope and Contents note:
Photograph album prepared by Arthur C. Ballard circa 1950-1956 and submitted to the Indian Claims Commission in connection with the Mucklesoot claim. It includes images of Muckleshoot people, artifacts relating to salmon catching and preparation, dwellings, textiles, and ceremonial objects. Also included in the collection are Ballard's manuscript of "The Salmon Weir on the Green River in Western Washington,"Davidson Journal of Anthropology 3: no. 1, 1957, and seven snapshot prints of the salmon weir, received from A. C. Ballard March 25, 1958.
Biographical/Historical note:
Arthur Condit Ballard (1876-1962) collected and translated legends and linguistic material belonging to people from the Puget Sound region in Western Washington. Raised near the White River, Ballard attended Whitworth College and graduated from the University of Washington in 1899, before the establishment of an anthropology department. He worked as a schoolteacher, post office worker, and City Clerk for the City of Auburn, as well as secretary for the Azurite Gold Company and the Auburn Investment Company. He made depositions to the Indian Claims Commission for both the Muckleshoot and Puyallup tribes and was a founder of the White River Valley Historical Society.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4527
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Correspondence from Arthur C. Ballard held in National Anthropological Archives MS 2352.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ceremonial objects  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Textile fabrics  Search this
Fishing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4527, Arthur C. Ballard photographs relating to the Muckleshoot Tribe submitted to the Indian Claims Commission, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4527
See more items in:
Arthur C. Ballard photographs relating to the Muckleshoot Tribe submitted to the Indian Claims Commission
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw387f68968-679a-4390-b091-23294f26985c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4527
Online Media:

Big John making bow near wood plank house with Nancy sitting in doorway

Creator:
Ballard, Arthur C. (Arthur Condit), 1876-  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ballard, Arthur C. (Arthur Condit), 1876-  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (005 in x 008 in mounted on 008 in x 010 in)
Culture:
Muckleshoot  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1921
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00019100

NAA MS.4527 (010B)

OPPS NEG.80-4535
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount in album
Place:
Washington
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Salish  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 4527, Arthur C. Ballard photographs relating to the Muckleshoot Tribe submitted to the Indian Claims Commission, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Arthur C. Ballard photographs relating to the Muckleshoot Tribe submitted to the Indian Claims Commission
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cb29e017-1814-40ab-bd7e-a71bebad6cec
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-4527-ref513
Online Media:

Phillip Starr in shovel nose canoe on river

Creator:
Ballard, Arthur C. (Arthur Condit), 1876-  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ballard, Arthur C. (Arthur Condit), 1876-  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (005 in x 008 in mounted on 008 in x 010 in)
Culture:
Muckleshoot  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1919
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00019200

NAA MS.4527 (010C)

OPPS NEG.75-8561
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount in album
Place:
Washington -- Green River
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Salish  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 4527, Arthur C. Ballard photographs relating to the Muckleshoot Tribe submitted to the Indian Claims Commission, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Arthur C. Ballard photographs relating to the Muckleshoot Tribe submitted to the Indian Claims Commission
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30482d2ca-0baf-466e-97fc-65b03f52a726
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-4527-ref514

View of side of hand-split wood plank house belonging to Steve Sam or Captain Sam

Creator:
Ballard, Arthur C. (Arthur Condit), 1876-  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ballard, Arthur C. (Arthur Condit), 1876-  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (005 in x 008 in mounted on 010 in x 008 in)
Culture:
Muckleshoot  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1931
Scope and Contents:
This house displays transition phase of homes, and includes cedar walls, cedar shake roof and beams, window, latch door, and a stove.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00020600

NAA MS.4527 (033B)

OPPS NEG.75-8563
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount in album
Place:
Washington -- Muckleshoot Reservation
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Salish  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 4527, Arthur C. Ballard photographs relating to the Muckleshoot Tribe submitted to the Indian Claims Commission, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Arthur C. Ballard photographs relating to the Muckleshoot Tribe submitted to the Indian Claims Commission
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32481fbf0-4bc8-47c0-9824-7b3d07571938
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-4527-ref515

Model of wood plank Musckleshoot house, or "Smoke-House," built by Jerry Dominick for Arthur Ballard

Creator:
Ballard, Arthur C. (Arthur Condit), 1876-  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ballard, Arthur C. (Arthur Condit), 1876-  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (008 in x 005 in mounted on 010 in x 008 in)
Culture:
Muckleshoot  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1936
Scope and Contents:
Three-quarter view showing doorway, cedar clapboard walls, roof made of cattail mats, and wood maul, iron chisel and adze leaning against wall
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00020900

NAA MS.4527 (033E)

OPPS NEG.80-4539
Local Note:
Note:Detailed Description, Reverse Side
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount in album
Place:
Washington -- White River Canyon
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Salish  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 4527, Arthur C. Ballard photographs relating to the Muckleshoot Tribe submitted to the Indian Claims Commission, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Arthur C. Ballard photographs relating to the Muckleshoot Tribe submitted to the Indian Claims Commission
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35e1e48b3-caf3-4611-adbb-a6025a763d0e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-4527-ref516

Nisqually Charlie (or Charlie Martin) with his wife lying in bedding under tarpaulin and woodpost shelter

Creator:
Ballard, Arthur C. (Arthur Condit), 1876-  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ballard, Arthur C. (Arthur Condit), 1876-  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (008 in x 005 in mounted on 010 in x 008 in)
Culture:
Nisqually  Search this
Muckleshoot  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
18 MAY 1917
Scope and Contents:
Photograph made after Nisqually Charlie and his wife were evicted from their home.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00022200

NAA MS.4527 (049)

OPPS NEG.80-16446
Local Note:
Note: Charlie Martin, Last Surviving Member of Nisqually Band Who with Leschi Protested Medicine Creek Treaty, 1855-56
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount in album
Place:
Washington -- Mission Prairie
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Salish  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 4527, Arthur C. Ballard photographs relating to the Muckleshoot Tribe submitted to the Indian Claims Commission, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Arthur C. Ballard photographs relating to the Muckleshoot Tribe submitted to the Indian Claims Commission
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cc935948-705f-4b3f-bfc8-be8193dea644
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-4527-ref517

Photograph album

Collector:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Rome (Italy)
Naples (Italy)
Pompeii (Extinct City)
Florence (Italy)
Venice (Italy)
London (England)
Athens (Greece)
Cairo (Egypt)
Jerusalem
Scope and Contents:
Includes views of Roman architecture, sculpture and artwork; similar materials (including famous buildings and works of art) relating to Naples, Pompeii, Florence, Venice, London, Athens and other European cities; contemporary views in Switzerland; views made in Cairo and Jerusalem. There is a miscellany of other photographs.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.4408 (93)
Collection Restrictions:
The Jesse Walter Fewkes papers are open for research.

Access to the Jesse Walter Fewkes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers / Series 2: Field Diaries, Notebooks, and Maps / (#93) Photograph Album
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ef0c552f-b77b-464d-a76e-b91e76805af1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4408-ref966

Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans

Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Names:
Field Museum of Natural History  Search this
Big Foot, -1890  Search this
Geronimo, 1829-1909  Search this
Photographer:
Dorsey, George A. (George Amos), 1868-1931  Search this
Gutekunst, Frederick, 1831-1917  Search this
Hall, E. E.  Search this
James, George Wharton, 1858-1923  Search this
Maude, F. H. (Frederic Hamer)  Search this
Nelson, Edward William, 1855-1934  Search this
Thompson, J. Eric S. (John Eric Sidney), 1898-1975  Search this
Voth, H. R. (Henry R.), 1855-1931  Search this
Winternitz, Ludwig (Louis)  Search this
Extent:
685 Negatives (circa, glass and nitrate)
Culture:
Pueblo  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Kootenai (Kutenai)  Search this
Kickapoo  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Umatilla  Search this
White Mountain Apache  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Mayas  Search this
Patagonia  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Haida  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Coast Salish  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Place:
Belize
Fort Belknap Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Oraibi (Ariz.)
Date:
circa 1880-1930
bulk 1899-1904
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs collected by Willis G. Tilton, a dealer in artifacts and photographs relating to Native Americans. Many of the photographs were made by Field Columbian Museum photographer Charles Carpenter at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in 1904; many others were created by various photographers for Field Museum publications. Notable subjects include Big Foot, dead in the snow at the Wounded Knee battlefield; Arapaho and Cheyenne social dances; Hopi ceremonies; a reenactment of the shooting of Sitting Bull; Sun Dances (Arapaho, Assiniboin, Gros Ventre, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Ponca); and views of the United States Indian School Building and Pawnee people at the the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri. Other photographs include portraits and images of artifacts, basket weaving, cradles, dress, dwelling, tipis and other dwellings, and tree burials. There are also some photographs of Henry Field's expedition to Iraq in 1934 (Field museum anthropological expedition to the Near East), work elephants in Burma, Pipestone Quarry in Minnesota, a church in the Yucatan, and a rickshaw and cart in Ceylon.
Biographical/Historical note:
Willis G. Tilton was a dealer and owner of the store, Tilton Indian Relics, in Topeka, Kansas.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 89-8, NAA Photo Lot 135
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs in the Tilton Collection, previously filed in Photo Lot 135, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 89-8. These photographs were also purchased by the Bureau of American Ethnology from Willis G. Tilton and form part of this collection.
Associated photographs still held in the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
Most photographs included in the card catalog of copy negatives and in the reference file prints by tribe.
Additional photographs by Dorsey held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4721 and Photo Lot 24.
Correspondence from Dorsey held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4821, records of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the J.C. Pilling Papers, and the Ales Hrdlicka Papers.
Additional photographs by Nelson held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 171, Photo Lot 133, Photo Lot 24, and the BAE historical negatives.
Additional Maude photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 90-1 and Photo Lot 24.
Additional E. E. Hall photographs held in National Anthropological Archives MS 4978 and Photo Lot 24.
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds Nelson's field reports (SIA Acc. 97-123) and the Edward William Nelson and Edward Alphonso Goldman Collection (SIA RU007364).
See others in:
Willis G. Tilton photograph collection of American Indians, circa 1880-1930 (bulk 1899-1904)
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890  Search this
Sun Dance  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 89-8, Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.89-8
See more items in:
Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3754be8a9-31b2-4b22-9fbb-dc5b7dadb75f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-89-8
Online Media:

Original site of Salish grave posts, Vancouver, British Columbia

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Culture:
Northwest Coast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Place:
British Columbia -- Vancouver
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.T17503
Local Note:
Glass plate negative is broken
Cataloging based on examination of NAA file print.
Related Materials:
Related negatives in the Field Museum of Natural History, Photography Department, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 89-8, Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d6873482-f3ba-442e-a666-fed2cda6334e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-89-8-ref1022

"Ten Indian maidens

Creator:
Carpenter, Charles H.  Search this
Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Names:
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Culture:
American Indian -- Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Place:
Missouri -- Saint Louis
Date:
1904"
Biographical / Historical:
Photograph probably taken at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.T15727
Local Note:
Cataloging based on examination of NAA file print.
Related Materials:
Related negatives in the Field Museum of Natural History, Photography Department, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 89-8, Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35fdcdad2-fe42-4f7a-8905-1640925d91fc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-89-8-ref1094

Chief To-Fo-Ya (front)

Creator:
Carpenter, Charles H.  Search this
Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1904
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.T15332
Local Note:
Glass plate negative is broken
Cataloging based on examination of NAA file print.
Related Materials:
Related negatives in the Field Museum of Natural History, Photography Department, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 89-8, Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw320e2cb8b-23cb-4698-bc50-906f6be30350
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-89-8-ref550
Online Media:

Unidentified Arapaho woman (front bust)

Creator:
Carpenter, Charles H.  Search this
Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Culture:
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1904
Biographical / Historical:
Photograph propably taken at the Louisiana Purchase Expedition, St. Louis
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.T13486
Local Note:
Glass plate negative is broken
Cataloging based on examination of NAA file print.
Place:
Missouri -- St. Louis
Related Materials:
Related negatives in the Field Museum of Natural History, Photography Department, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Louisiana Purchase Expedition  Search this
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 89-8, Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ed9fe60d-cfbc-4cc9-82fe-8f9d83519bca
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-89-8-ref588

Inside view of Arapaho tipi; many Indian articles shown

Creator:
Carpenter, Charles H.  Search this
Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Culture:
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1904
Biographical / Historical:
Photograph propably taken at the Louisiana Purchase Expedition, St. Louis
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.T15483
Local Note:
Glass plate negative is broken
Cataloging based on examination of NAA file print.
Place:
Missouri -- St. Louis
Related Materials:
Related negatives in the Field Museum of Natural History, Photography Department, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Louisiana Purchase Expedition  Search this
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 89-8, Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ffa2fa52-6886-4214-9041-0b733119bccb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-89-8-ref596

Scene of Assiniboin Sun Dancers

Creator:
Matteson, Sumner W.  Search this
Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Date:
JUL 1906
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.T26537
Local Note:
Glass plate negative is broken
Cataloging based on examination of NAA file print.
Same as BAE Number 34054 V.
Place:
Montana -- Fort Belknap Reservation
Related Materials:
Related negatives in the Field Museum of Natural History, Photography Department, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 89-8, Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c2d159e6-5c5e-4de0-ba1a-4cb74d250550
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-89-8-ref609

Group of Assiniboin at gathering. Sun Dance

Creator:
Matteson, Sumner W.  Search this
Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Culture:
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1900
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.T26668
Local Note:
Glass plate negative is broken
Cataloging based on examination of NAA file print.
Place:
Montana -- Fort Belknap Reservation
Related Materials:
Related negatives in the Field Museum of Natural History, Photography Department, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 89-8, Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38393e43c-6903-4e09-b22f-daa16fcb2f83
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-89-8-ref616

Very unusual Blackfoot blanket strip with ermine and medicine objects

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Culture:
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Date:
before 1912
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.T2870
Local Note:
Glass plate negative is broken
Cataloging based on examination of NAA file print.
Number 2840 on original list (pink list).
Place:
Montana
Related Materials:
Related negatives in the Field Museum of Natural History, Photography Department, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Blackfeet  Search this
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 89-8, Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3af672418-f65b-47eb-bfef-9a5c65d59e5e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-89-8-ref643

Cheyenne Indian at Sun Dance, showing scalp lock

Creator:
Dorsey, George Amos  Search this
Hudson, J. W. (photographer ?)  Search this
Carpenter (photographer ?)  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921 (photographer ?)  Search this
Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Place:
Oklahoma -- Eagle City
Date:
1903
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.T1111
Local Note:
Glass plate negative is broken
Cataloging based on examination of NAA file print.
Number 18115 on original pink list.
Negative
Related Materials:
Related negatives in the Field Museum of Natural History, Photography Department, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 89-8, Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39e3bc70b-0797-4568-9efd-abab9accd049
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-89-8-ref665

Chief Bushy Head, side view. Oklahoma

Creator:
Carpenter, Charles H.  Search this
Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Names:
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1904
Biographical / Historical:
Photograph probably taken at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.T15421
Local Note:
Glass plate negative is broken
Cataloging based on examination of NAA file print.
Number 16006 on original pink list.
Place:
Missouri -- St. Louis
Related Materials:
Related negatives in the Field Museum of Natural History, Photography Department, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 89-8, Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3623a095e-3484-4c16-8085-966388b44467
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-89-8-ref714

Chippewa man, Nah-ee-gance. Leech Lake, Minnesota

Creator:
Carpenter, Charles H.  Search this
Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Names:
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Culture:
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1904
Biographical / Historical:
Photograph probably taken at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.T14436
Local Note:
Glass plate negative is broken
Cataloging based on examination of NAA file print.
Number 13504 on original pink list.
Two plates with this number, almost identical. One chipped.
Place:
Minnesota -- Leech Lake
Related Materials:
Related negatives in the Field Museum of Natural History, Photography Department, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Chippewa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 89-8, Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Willis G. Tilton collection of photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw312ddb0b8-a4d9-43d8-8c81-ea6ce8cdef77
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-89-8-ref729

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