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Carol Zane Jolles papers

Former owner:
Jolles, Carol Zane  Search this
Extent:
7 Linear feet
Culture:
Yupik Eskimos  Search this
Eskimos -- Alaska  Search this
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) [Kinugumiut/Kingegan/Cape Prince of Wales]  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Sound recordings
Place:
Saint Lawrence Island (Alaska)
Diomede Islands (Alaska and Russia)
Bering Strait
Prince of Wales, Cape (Alaska)
Date:
1910, 1930-2013 (bulk 1988-2004)
Summary:
The Carol Zane Jolles papers document her research conducted among the Inupiaq and Yup'ik communities of Wales, St. Lawrence Island, and Big and Little Diomede Islands from approximately 1982-2004. Jolles interviewed villagers (with a focus on village elders) in English and Yup'ik about their lives, traditions, and village histories. The collection contains: audiovisual material, correspondence; maps, charts, diagrams, and drawings, population records, questionnaires, reports, research project notes and papers, school records, transcripts, and various Yup'ik-related publications.
Scope and Contents:
The bulk of the collection consists of recorded interviews and transcripts of the Inupiaq residents of Wales, the villages Gambell and Savoonga of St. Lawrence Island, and Big and Little Diomede Islands (primarily Little Diomede Island), Alaska gathered during various research projects conducted by Jolles from approximately 1982-2004 regarding community life and history.

The records include: audiovisual recordings (cassettes, VHS tapes, and film); correspondence between Jolles and various community members; maps, charts, diagrams, and drawings (many created by community members); population records; questionnaires; reports; research project notes and papers; school records (administrative records, correspondence, meeting minutes, notes, photographs, and reports); photographs; transcripts; and various Inupiaq-related publications.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into four (4) series: (1) Wales, 1996-2013; (2) St. Lawrence Island, 1910, 1946, 1954-1955, 1968-2000; (3) Diomede, 1930-1974, 1980-2006; (4) Restricted, 1991, 2001-2011.
Biographical / Historical:
Carol Zane Jolles is a leading figure in Arctic ethnology who worked among the Yup'ik and Inupiaq communities in Alaska along the northern Bering Sea-Bering Strait region from 1982-2013.

Jolles was born on November 12, 1940 in Washington, D.C. and grew up in Falls Church, Virginia. She studied Literature at Earlham College (1958-1961) and received her Bachelor's degree and a teaching certificate from Roosevelt University (1964). From the 1964 to 1980 Jolles taught in Chicago, Minneapolis, and Philadelphia public schools, until deciding to continue her education.

Jolles attended the University of Washington from 1982-1990, where she received her Master's degree (1985) and Ph.D. (1990) in Cultural Anthropology. Her doctoral research involved documenting family histories, gender roles, family relations, and history and impact of acculturation and people's conversion to Christianity due to the activities of Presbyterian missionaries since the late 1800s, including changes in schooling and decreased knowledge of the Yup'ik languages. After becoming a faculty member at the University of Washington in the 1990s, Jolles' anthropological research expanded to include the documentation of the Inupiaq hunting communities of Wales and the Diomede Islands. Here, she focused on indigenous knowledge, perception of place and space, people's relation to their home territory as reflected in place names, oral histories, original art (drawings), and other cultural means. Other research interests included climate change and its impact on Alaska Native communities. This research culminated in a seminal book, Faith, Food, and Family in a Yupik Whaling Community, which Jolles published with her research partner, Elinor Mikaghak Oozeva, in 2002.

Jolles retired from the University of Washington in 2013. As Emerita Research Professor for the Department of Anthropology, she continues to maintain correspondence with various Inupiaq community members.

Chronology

1940 November 12 -- Born in Washington, D.C.

1958-1961 -- Attends Earlham College

1964 -- Receives Bachelor's Degree in English & Language Arts from Roosevelt University Receives Teaching Certificate from Roosevelt University

1964-1980 -- Teaches in Chicago, Minneapolis, and Philadelphia public schools

1982-1990 -- Studies as a Graduate Student in Cultural Anthropology at the University of Washington Conducts doctoral research in Alaska

1982-2013 -- Conducts research in St. Lawrence Island, Wales, and the Diomede Islands of Alaska

1985 -- Receives Master's Degree in Cultural Anthropology from the University of Washington

1990 -- Receives PhD in Cultural Anthropology from the University of Washington

1990s -- Works as Research Assistant Professor for the Anthropology Department at the University of Washington

1992-1995 -- Works as Principal Investigator on the "Sivuqaghhmiit Traditions and Culture: Values for Survival in a Changing World" project

1995-1997 -- Works as Principal Investigator on the "Yupik Women: Narratives of Eskimo Women's Lives" project

1997-2000 -- Works as Principal Investigator on the "Yupik Women, Yupik Families: A Comparative Study of Siberian Yupik and St. Lawrence Island Yupik Eskimo Family Life"

1997-2001 -- Works as Research Associate, Visiting Assistant Professor for the Anthropology Department at Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis

2001-2002 -- Volunteers as mentor for the National Science Foundation's Teachers Experiencing Antarctica and the Arctic (TEA)

2001-2006 -- Works as Principal Investigator on the "Collaborative Research-Change and Its Impact on Culture, Economy and Identity in Three North Bering Strait Alaskan Inupiat Societies: Diomede, King Island, Wales" project

2002 -- Publishes Faith, food, and family in a Yupik whaling community with research partner Elinor Mikaghaq Oozeva

2006-2007 -- Works as Principal Investigator on the "Assessing Alaskan Yup'ik Community Interest in a Dental Health Initiative" project

2006-2009 -- Works as Principal Investigator on the "Ethnographic Approaches to Alaska Native Health Disparities Research" project

2008 -- Volunteers as Internal reviewer and copy editor for the Kinikmi Sigum Qanuq Ilitaavut, Wales-IInupiaq Sea-Ice Dictionary, compiled by Winton Weyapuk, Jr. and Igor Krupnik for the Smithsonian Institution's Arctic Studies Center

2008-2013 -- Works as Principal Investigator on the "Inupiaq Landscapes and Architecture: Preserving Alaska Native Community Histories" project

2010-2012 -- Serves as Co-Chair of Organization and Planning Committee for the Alaska Anthropology Association annual meetings

2013 -- Retires

2013-2018 -- Works as Research Associate Professor for the Anthropology Department at the University of Washington

2019 -- Works as Research Associate Professor, faculty emerita for the Anthropology Department at the University of Washington
Provenance:
The papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Carol Jolles between 2014 and 2019.
Restrictions:
Material containing personally identifiable information (PII) is restricted.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Whaling  Search this
Villages -- Alaska  Search this
Yupik  Search this
Hunting -- Eskimo  Search this
Alaska Natives  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Sound recordings
Citation:
Carol Zane Jolles papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2014-14
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c27cdc62-a8c1-48a4-b23e-275c1e1700f9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2014-14

Carol Kramer papers

Creator:
Kramer, Carol, 1943-2002  Search this
Extent:
31 Linear feet (64 boxes, 2 cassette tapes, 1 oversize box, 1 map drawer)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Books
Slides (photographs)
Manuscripts
Sound recordings
Field notes
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Maps
Place:
Iran
Jodhpur (India)
Udaipur (Rajasthan, India)
Rajasthan (India)
Guatemala
Date:
1943-2002,
bulk 1961-2002
Summary:
The bulk of these papers document the professional life of Carol Kramer, a leading figure in ethnoarchaeology, specializing in the Middle East and South Asia. She was also a major advocate for the professional development of women in anthropology and archaeology.

Dating 1943-2002, the collection includes field notes, writings, correspondence, daily planners, teaching files, photographs, sound recordings, maps, computer disks, and botanical specimens. Her ethnoarchaeological research in "Shahabad" (a.k.a. "Aliabad") in Iran and in Rajasthan, India is well-represented in the collection.
Scope and Contents Note:
The bulk of these papers document the professional life of Carol Kramer. The collection contains field notes, writings, correspondence, daily planners, teaching files, photographs, sound recordings, maps, computer disks, and botanical specimens. Also in the collection are her notes and grade transcripts as a college and graduate student.

Her ethnoarchaeological research in "Shahabad" (a.k.a. "Aliabad") in Iran and in Rajasthan, India is well-represented in the collection in the form of her notes, maps, writings, and photographs. In addition, there are plant specimens that Kramer collected in Iran. Also among her research files are photocopies of her field notes from her work in Guatemala. Although her field notes from the Hasanlu Project are absent, the collection does contain a few photographs and some notes and correspondence from her research for her article on the Hasanlu Project's excavations at Dalma Tepe. In addition, the collection contains "A System of Pottery Classification According to Shape," a paper by Robert H. Dyson, Jr. and T. Cuyler Young, Jr. for the Hasanlu Project. Materials relating to the Godin Project consist of correspondence from 1996 and 1997 and a 1973 group photo.

Copies of her monographs are present in the collection along with drafts, figures, and correspondence for her published writings and dissertation. Many of the papers that she presented at professional meetings, seminars, and special lectures can also be found in the collection, including her 1994 AAA Distinguished Lecture, "The Quick and the Dead: Ethnography in and for Archaeology." In addition, there are two cassette tape recordings of Kramer presenting her paper, "Ceramics in Two Indian Cities," and the subsequent group discussion at the 1985 School of American Research Advanced Seminar, "Social and Behavioral Sources of Ceramic Variability." Also of special interest are materials documenting her involvement in the 1981 "Resolution to Implement the 1972 American Anthropological Association Resolution on Fair Practices in Employment of Women."

Kramer's professional correspondence is spread throughout the collection, mixed together with other documents, filed by subject. Much of her later correspondence is in the form of e-mail printouts. Letters of reference she wrote can also be found on her computer disks, which consist of several 3.50" and 5.25" floppy disks. Other files on the disks include materials for her books and articles, research data, her performance evaluations files, notes for courses she taught, and her will.

It should be noted that Kramer was briefly married during the 1960s and 1970s to Christopher Hamlin, who was a fellow graduate student at the University of Pennsylvania. Thus, she is referred to as Carol Hamlin in some of the documents from that period.
Arrangement note:
Arranged into 15 series: (1) Research, 1961-1997; (2) Writings, 1972-2002; (3) Talks, 1972-1999; (4) Grants/Fellowships, 1974-2000; (5) Professional Activities, 1966-2002; (6) Teaching, 1971-2002; (7) Student, 1961-1973; (8) Personal, 1943-2001; (9) Writings by Others, 1949-2001; (10) Photographs, 1967-1996; (11) Card Files; (12) Maps; (13) Botanical Specimens; (14) Sound Recordings, 1985; (15) Computer Disks
Biographical/Historical note:
Selected Bibliography

1971 -- "The 1971 Excavations at Seh Gabi, Iran," Archaeology, Vol. 26, pp. 224-227.

1974 -- "The Early Second Millennium Ceramic Assemblage of Dinkha Tepe," Ibid. with Louis D. Levine. "The Godin Project: Seh Gabi," Iran XII, pp. 211-213. "Seh Gabi, 1973," Archaeology, Vol. 27, pp. 274-277

1977 -- "Pots and Peoples," Mountains and Lowlands: Essays in the Archaeology of Greater Mesopotamia, edited by L.D. Levine and T.C. Young, Jr. Malibu: Undena Publications

1979 -- editor. Ethnoarchaeology: Implications of Ethnography for Archaeology. New York: Colombia University Press.

1980 -- "Estimating Prehistoric Populations: an Ethnoarchaeological Approach," L'Archéologie de I'Iraq, edited by Marie-Thérèse Barrelet, Paris: Centre National de la Rechere Scientifique.

1982 -- Village Ethnoarchaeology: Rural Iran in Archaeological Perspective. New York: Academic Press.

1988 -- with Miriam Stark. "The Status of Women in Archaeology," Anthropology Newsletter. Vol. 29, No. 9, pp. 11-12.

1991 -- Co-editor with W.A. Longcre. "Ethnoarchaeology," special issue of Expedition "Ceramics in Two Indian Cities," Ceramic Ethnoarchaeology, edited by William Longacre. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

1997 -- Pottery in Rajasthan: Ethnoarchaeology in Two Indian Cities. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

2001 -- with Nicholas David. Ethnoarchaeology in Action. Cambridge (U.K.): Cambridge University Press

Chronology

1943 -- Born May 3 in New York, New York

1964 -- Earns B.A. from The City University of New York

1967, 1969 -- Site supervisor of archaeological excavations at Godin Tepe, Iran for the Royal Ontario Museum's Godin Project

1968 -- Site supervisor of archaeological excavations at Dinkha Tepe and Se Girdan, Iran for University of Pennsylvania-Metropolitan Museum of Art's Hasanlu Project.

1970 -- Ethnoarchaeological research with an urban potter in Antigua, Guatemala

1971 -- Receives Ph.D. in Anthropology from University of Pennsylvania 1971 Hired as Assistant Professor at City University of New York Assistant director of archaeological excavations at Seh Gabi, Iran for Godin Project

1973 -- Assistant director of archaeological excavations at Seh Gabi, Iran for Godin Project

1975 -- Ethnoarchaeological research in Iranian village

1977 -- Associate Professor, Lehman College and the Graduate Center, CUNY

1980 -- Ethnoarchaeological research in Rajasthan, India

1982-1984 -- Ethnoarchaeological research in Rajasthan, India

1985 -- Visiting Professor at Yale University

1986-1988 -- Visiting Professor at University of Arizona

1990 -- Hired as Professor at University of Arizona

1994 -- Presents distinguished lecture to Archaeology Section of American Anthropological Association

1995 -- Site supervisor of archaeological excavations at Gordion, Turkey

1996 -- Ethnoarchaeological research near Gordion, Turkey

1999 -- Receives "Squeaky Wheel Award" from COSWA/American Anthropological Association

2002 -- Died on December 3 at the age of 59

Carol Kramer was a leading figure in ethnoarchaeology, specializing in the Middle East and South Asia. She was also a major advocate for the professional development of women in anthropology and archaeology.

She was born on May 3, 1943 in New York City to Aaron Kramer, a poet and professor of English at Dowling College, and Katherine Kolodny Kramer, a social worker. She attended the High School of Music and Art and earned her B.A. at the City University of New York in 1964. Kramer initially studied archaeology in the graduate program at the University of Chicago, but transferred to the University of Pennsylvania after a year, where she earned her doctorate in 1971. Her dissertation was entitled "The Habur Ware Ceramic Assemblage of Northern Mesopotamia: An Analysis of its Distribution."

In 1968, she was a site supervisor for University of Pennsylvania and Metropolitan Museum of Art's joint archaeological excavations at Dinkha Tepe and Se Girdan, Iran as part of the Hasanlu Project, directed by Robert H. Dyson, Jr. She also served as site supervisor (1967, 1969) and Assistant Director (1971, 1973) for the Royal Ontario Museum's archaeological excavation at Godin Tepe, known as the Godin Project, which was directed by Louis D. Levine and T. Cuyler Young, Jr. In 1970, she conducted her first ethnoarchaeological fieldwork under Ruben Reina, working with an urban potter in Antigua, Guatemala.

Kramer returned to Iran in 1975 to conduct ethnoarchaeological research in a Kurdish village in the Hamadān Province. Her work there resulted in several papers, including "An Archaeological View of a Contemporary Kurdish Village: Domestic Architecture, Household Size, and Wealth," published in Ethnoarchaeology: Implications of Ethnography for Archaeology (1979), which she edited. She expanded upon her paper in her 1982 book, Village Ethnoarchaeology: Rural Iran in Archaeological Perspective.

For her next project, she intended to study pottery communities in Iran, but the outbreak of the Iranian Revolution forced her to change her plans, and she decided to shift her location to India. In 1980 and 1982-1984, she studied ceramic production and distribution in Rajasthan. Articles produced from her research include "Ceramics in Two Indian Cities" (1991), "Ceramics in Rajasthan: Distribution and Scalar Variation" (1992), "A Tale of Two Cities: Ceramic Ethnoarchaeology in Rajasthan" (1994), and "Social and Locational Contexts of Ceramic Distribution in Rajasthan" (1995). She also authored Pottery in Rajasthan: Ethnoarchaeology in Two Indian Cities, published in 1997.

Kramer returned to the field in 1995, serving as site supervisor for archaeological excavations in Gordion, Turkey. She returned the next year to explore the possibility of conducting research in Yassihöyük and other villages near Gordion as an extension of her village ethnoachaeology research in Iran.

In 2001, Kramer further contributed to the field of ethnoarchaeology with the publication of Ethnoarchaeology in Action, which she co-wrote with Nicholas David. The landmark book is the first comprehensive study of ethnoarchaeology.

In addition to her work in ethnoarchaeology, Kramer was also involved in promoting the professional advancement of women in anthropology. In 1980, Kramer and her colleagues (Roger Sanjek, Rayna Rapp, Carole Vance, and Glenn Peterson) drew up a resolution to implement the 1972 Resolution on Fair Practices in Employment of Women. They campaigned to raised funds and support for the resolution, which called for the American Anthropological Association (AAA) to censure universities that hired or promoted a low percentage of women. Due to their work, the resolution passed and AAA censured five departments in 1981. In 1988, she and Miriam Stark published, "The Status of Women in Archeology," a study of gender equity in archaeology. They looked at gender differences in the number of graduate students, PhD recipients, and funding recipients as well as in faculty composition. Kramer was also a member of the Committee on the Status of Women in Anthropology (COSWA) from 1973 to 1975 and host and discussion leader at the COSWA Roundtable on professional skills and the female archaeologist at the 1998 annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA).

In 1999, Kramer was awarded the Squeaky Wheel Award by COSWA in recognition of her contributions to equity for women in anthropology. She also delivered the 1994 Distinguished Lecture to the Archaeology Section for the AAA, "The Quick and the Dead: Ethnography in and for Archaeology." In 2003, she was posthumously awarded the SAA's Award for excellence in Archaeological Analysis.

From 1971 to 1990, Kramer taught at Queens College and later Lehman College and the Graduate Center at the City University of New York, during which time she was a visiting professor at Yale University (1985). She also taught at the University of Arizona (1986-1988) as a recipient of a National Science Foundation Visiting Professorship for Women. In 1990, she joined the faculty of the University of Arizona, where she taught until her death.

Kramer passed away at the age of 59 on December 3, 2002.

Sources Consulted

Rothschild, Nan A. "Carol Kramer (1943-2002)." American Anthropologist 106.1 (2004): 214-220.

Thompson, Raymond H. and Norman Yoffee. "Carol Kramer." Anthropology News 44.3 (2003): 30.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Carol Kramer's sister, Laura Kramer.
Restrictions:
The Carol Kramer papers are open for research.

Materials with student grades and social security numbers have been restricted. The dates that the restricted items will be made available for access range from 2047 to 2064. Access to Kramer's computer disks is also restricted. Please consult an archivist for more information.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnoarchaeology  Search this
Pottery industry -- India  Search this
Women anthropologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Books
Slides (photographs)
Manuscripts
Sound recordings
Field notes
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Maps
Citation:
Carol Kramer Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2006-14
See more items in:
Carol Kramer papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3bfc16c62-46b6-4d4c-a4e5-fbd7f4cd7407
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2006-14

Herbert William Krieger papers

Photographer:
James, George Wharton  Search this
Cook, W. A.  Search this
Chapman, John W. (John Wight), 1858-1939  Search this
Chandlee, W. E.  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Carbonell, Jose  Search this
Brown, S. C.  Search this
Abbott, William Louis, 1860-1936  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Bartleman, Richard M.  Search this
Boleter, Frank M.  Search this
Dinwiddie, William, 1867-1934  Search this
Moorhouse, Lee Major  Search this
Gilfillan, J. A. (Joseph Alexander), 1838-1913  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Ward, Fanny B.  Search this
Worcester, Dean Conant  Search this
Wittick, Ben, 1845-1903  Search this
Russell Brothers  Search this
Niblack, Albert P. (Albert Parker), 1859-1929  Search this
Pilsudski, Bronislaw  Search this
Rice, Arthur P.  Search this
Robertson, Mrs. T. C.  Search this
Raven, Henry Cushier, 1889-1944  Search this
Sigourney, W. S.  Search this
Spencer, S. A.  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Doty, Charles Edward, 1862-1921  Search this
Miller, E. Y.  Search this
Matteson, Sumner W., 1867-1920  Search this
Mindeleff, Cosmos, 1863-  Search this
Miller, Hugo H.  Search this
Turner, Lucien M. (Lucien McShan)  Search this
Moore, Riley Dunning, 1883-  Search this
Moros, E.  Search this
Correspondent:
Jacobs, Melville  Search this
Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Clark, Charles Upson, 1875-1960  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard, 1898-1973  Search this
Cambiaso, R. D.  Search this
Brown, O. M.  Search this
Briggs, C. F.  Search this
Abbot, Charles G.  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961  Search this
Beckwith, Frank  Search this
Blumentritt, Ferdinand  Search this
Boekelman, H. J.  Search this
Costells, J. Martinez  Search this
Booy, Theodore de  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Cressman, Luther S., 1897-1994  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Felts, Wayne M.  Search this
Drierden, J. E.  Search this
Franco, Jose L.  Search this
Harding, H. T.  Search this
Harris, J. R.  Search this
Granberry, Julian  Search this
Higgins, B. B.  Search this
Setzler, Frank M. (Frank Maryl), 1902-1975  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Thomas, E. H.  Search this
Stern, T. B.  Search this
Spinden, Herbert J.  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander, 1886-1978  Search this
Weltfish, Gene, 1902-1980  Search this
Wright, L. S.  Search this
Nelson, N. C. (Nels Christian), 1875-1964  Search this
Nicholson, Grace, -1948  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Packard, E. L.  Search this
Palm, Erwin W.  Search this
Parkes, George A.  Search this
Sexton, Charles E.  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Skinner, H. D.  Search this
Langille, W. A.  Search this
Laudermilk, J. D.  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Lashmitt, Ivan de  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Lawrence, Donald B.  Search this
Folkmar, Daniel, 1861-1932  Search this
Moberg, Gosta  Search this
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Creator:
Krieger, Herbert W. (Herbert William), 1889-1970  Search this
Author:
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
19 Linear feet
Culture:
Haida  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Northern Athabascan  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Lists
Drawings
Memorandums
Notebooks
Press releases
Printed materials
Maps
Notes
Letters
Photographs
Bibliographies
Reports
Place:
Cuba
Bahama Islands
Alaska
Dominican Republic
Japan
Old Kasaan
Philippines
Oceania
Date:
1925-1957
Summary:
The papers of this collection are those of Herbert William Krieger (b. 1889), archaeologist and curator of the Division of Ethnology for the former United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Included are correspondence, field notebooks, notes, administrative material, manuscripts of writings, printed matter, sketches, maps, photographs and other documents.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional life of Herbert William Krieger (b. 1889), archaeologist and curator of the Division of Ethnology for the former United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Included are correspondence, field notebooks, notes, administrative material, manuscripts of writings, printed matter, sketches, maps, photographs and other documents that cover the period from 1925 to 1957.

The bulk of the material concerns Krieger's archaeological work in the West Indies, primarily the Dominican Republic, where he researched intermittently from 1938 to 1953. There is also material in the collection on Krieger's work in Southeastern and Central Alaska where he was involved with the restoration and reconstruction of the Kansaan National Monument from 1926 to 1927. Material concerning the salvage archaeology performed on the Columbia River in Washington and Oregon, particularly in the area of the construction site of the Bonneville Dam, is included in the collection. Also included is work on two War Background Studies publications, one on the peoples of the Philippines, the other on the islands of the Western Pacific. The collection additionally contains Krieger's office files and collected correspondence of scholars and informants used for reference purposes.

Not represented in the collection is any phase of Krieger's personal life, nor is there any material reflecting his life prior to or since his association with the Museum.

Among correspondents whose letters are included are Franz BOAS, C. U. CLARK, John COLLIER, L. S. CRESSMAN, Frances DENSMORE, Philip DRUCKER, John EWERS, Jesse W. FEWKES, Melville HERSKOVITS, William H. HOLMES, Walter HOUGH, Neil M. JUDD, A. L. KROEBER, Otis MASON, Frank M. SETZLER, Herbert J. SPINDEN, T. D. STEWART, Matthew STIRLING, William Duncan STRONG, T. T. WATERMAN, Waldo WEDEL, Alexander WETMORE, and Clark WISSLER.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
OUTGOING LETTERS, 1925-1955: Box 1

INCOMING LETTERS, 1925-1957: Boxes 2, 3

COLLECTED CORRESPONDENCE USED AS REFERENCES, 1892-1957: Box 3

OFFICE FILE, 1929-1957: Boxes 4, 5, 6, 7

MATERIAL RELATING TO SOUTHEAST AND CENTRAL ALASKA, 1926-1927: Box 8

MATERIAL CONCERNING THE COLUMBIA RIVER REGION, 1927-1955: Boxes 8, 9

MANUSCRIPTS AND NOTES ON THE ISLANDS OF THE WESTERN PACIFIC, 1943: Boxes 10, 11, 12, 13

MATERIALS RELATING TO THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS, 1942: Box 14

MATERIAL CONCERNING THE WEST INDIES, 1938-1953: Boxes 15, 16, 17, 18, 19

MISCELLANY, 1925-1957: Boxes 20, 21

PRINTED, PROCESSED AND EXTRACTED MATERIAL, 1884-1957: Boxes 22, 23, 24

PHOTOGRAPHS, UNKNOWN-1975: Boxes 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36
Biographical / Historical:
Herbert William Krieger joined the staff of the United States National Museum's Department of Anthropology as assistant curator of ethnology in 1924, and he became curator of ethnology in 1925. In spite of his position, much of his field work was carried out in archaeology. In 1927, for the Bureau of American Ethnology, he examined the feasibility of restoring Old Kasaan on Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, and carried out archaeological reconnaissance along the Columbia River. In the following year, he continued reconnaissance work, first along the middle Yukon River and then, again, along the Columbia. In the former area, he also collected a few random notes on living Athapascan Indians and in both areas he carried out several excavations.

In 1934, for the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Public Works Administration, he carried out salvage archaeological work near Bonneville, Oregon. As a pastime, during the 1930s, he carried out reconnaissance along the lower Potomac River. Krieger's major work, however, lay to the south among the problems of Caribbean archeology. Between 1928 and 1937 and from 1947 to 1952, he concerned himself with sites visited by Columbus and attempts to plot areas previously occupied by the Arawak, Carib, and other tribes.

His studies involved examinations of both historic and prehistoric Spanish and Indian settlements in Haiti, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, the Virgin Islands, and the Bahamas. Based on these, he published several articles and books, including Archeological and Historical Investigations in Samana, Dominican Republic, United States National Museum Bulletin 156, 1931, and Aboriginal Indian Pottery of the Dominican Republic, United States National Museum Bulletin 156, 1931. He was also a participant in several conferences concerned with the archaeology, ethnology, and history of the Caribbean area.

In addition to his field work and administrative duties as head of the Division of Ethnology, Krieger worked with the Museum's ethnological collections and published several articles based on them. He also became involved in the renovation of the division's public areas so that "the antiquated and overcrowed exhibits should be replaced by modern exhibits in which art and science are blended". Much of the effort for this was carried out by Krieger's associate curator John Canfield Ewers.

Having a special interest in the Philippines and western Oceania that grew from his early service as a teacher in Manila, Krieger also produced studies of the people of the Philippines and the islands of the western Pacific for the Smithsonian's War Backgroud Studies series during World War II. He also worked on a volume "The Islands of New Japan, " but it was never published.

December 8, 1889 -- Born in Burlington, Iowa

1907 -- Bachelor of Arts, Wartburg College, Clinton, Iowa

1908 -- Master of Arts, State University of Iowa, in German and Philosophy

1909-10 -- Fellow, University of Illinois

1911-14 -- Instructor of economics and commercial geography at the School of Commerce, Bureau of Education, Manila, Philippine Islands

1914-20 -- Bank cashier and ranch owner, Granada, Minnesota

1920-21 -- Instructor, Burlington Junior College, Burlington, Iowa

1922 -- Married Rosalia Louise Krapf

1922-24 -- Instructor of Anthropology, University of Minnesota

1924 -- Assistant Curator, Division of Ethnology, U. S. National Museum

1925 -- Curator, Division of Ethnology, U. S. National Museum

1926-27 -- On an expedition to southeast and central Alaska, engaged in the reconstruction and restoration at the Old Kansaan National Monument

1927-35 -- Salvage archaeology along the Columbia River, primarily in the area surrounding the Bonneville Dam prior to its construction for the Department of the Interior

1938-53 -- Investigations in the Caribbean area, primarily the island of Hispaniola, Dominican Republic

1957 -- Retired from the staff of the United States National Museum and made Honorary Research Associate, U. S. N. M.

July 1, 1970 -- Died, Buried in Columbia Gardens Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia
Related Materials:
Additional material in the National Anthropological Archives that relates to Herbert Krieger can be found in the United States National Museum Manuscript and Pamphlet File, as well as among the correspondence files of the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Topic:
Houses -- North America -- Africa -- Asia -- South America  Search this
War Background Studies  Search this
Archeology -- Columbia River -- Yukon River -- Cuba -- Dominican Republic -- Bahama Islands  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Lists
Drawings
Memorandums
Notebooks
Press releases
Printed materials
Maps
Notes
Letters
Photographs
Bibliographies
Reports
Citation:
Herbert William Krieger papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.XXXX.0171
See more items in:
Herbert William Krieger papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32a81f6e7-bbbc-4202-b085-dbffa2d95ce3
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-xxxx-0171

Peace Corps Volunteers collection

Names:
Peace Corps (U.S.)  Search this
Ballendorf, Dirk  Search this
Riesenberg, Saul H.  Search this
Viola, Herman J. (Herman Joseph), 1938-  Search this
Extent:
25 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Manuscripts
Letters
Photographs
Printed material
Processed materials
Audiotapes
Administrative records
Place:
Costa Rica
Oman
Dahomey
Swaziland
Tanzania
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Togo
Upper Volta
El Salvador
Turkey
Ethiopia
Tunisia
Gabon
Ghana
Guatemala
Guinea
Thailand
Honduras
Burkina Faso
Kenya
Jamaica
Iran
Indonesia
Korea
Malaysia
Malawi
Liberia
Marshall Islands
Ceylon
Ivory Coast
Morocco
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Nepal
Niger
Brazil
Botswana
Bolivia
Nigeria
Afghanistan
Micronesia
Antigua
Pakistan
Philippines
Peru
Panama
China
Somalia
Sierra Leone
Senegal
Colombia
India
Chad
Chile
Date:
1920-1984
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes contributions from 101 former volunteers or administrators who served in such countries and regions as Afghanistan, Antigua, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ceylon, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dahomey, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, Korea, Liberia, Malawi, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Morocco, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Swaziland,Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey and Upper Volta.

The volunteers were involved in diverse assignments such as education, community development, agriculture, health work, and service through such special skills as art, surveying, mechanics, and photography. Two additional collections are including materials of missionaries that were offered to the archives as the result of the program to collect Peace Corps materials. Included are diaries, correspondence, writings, printed and processed material, sound recordings, and administrative materials. There are also photographic materials that show such subjects as traditional and modern agriculture, architecture, body scarification, ceremonies, dance, dress, fishing, food preparation and other domestic activities, industry, medicine, and transportation.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
Arranged numerically, with indexes based upon creator names and subject of materials.
Historical note:
In 1975, Herman Joseph Viola, the director of the National Anthropological Archives; Saul Herbert Riesenberg, the curator for Oceania Ethnology in the Smithsonianʹs Department of Anthropology; and Dirk Ballendorf, assistant chief of programs and training for Peace Corps operations in North Africa, the Near East, Asia, and the Pacific, worked out a program whereby the archives would collect materials of former Peace Corps volunteers. In addition to photographic and other materials of potential use to many researchers, the collection was intended to document the impact of the volunteers on host countries and the experiences of the volunteers in working in foreign cultures.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. In some cases, copyright or literary property rights have been retained by the donor.
Topic:
Cookery  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Dance  Search this
Fishing  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Industry  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Body scarification  Search this
Dress  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Manuscripts
Letters
Photographs
Printed material
Processed materials
Audiotapes
Administrative records
Citation:
Peace Corps Volunteers collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1975-43
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36b879838-37b2-42bc-be41-d91ace56fcd9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1975-43

MS 2009-06 Frank H. Cushing papers

Creator:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Extent:
5 Items (linear inches 1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Poems
Drafts (documents)
Manuscripts
Receipts
Journals (periodicals)
Date:
circa 1875-1897
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains the papers of Frank Hamilton Cushing. The collection, which dates from circa 1875-1897, includes a poem, "The sun is sinking to the west," dated June 10, 1875; drafts of a letter sent to Spencer Baird, 1875; a manuscript concerning customs written in a shaky hand on badly deteriorated ledger paper; a Smithsonian official receipt for a "collection of bone implements"; a scrapbook of newspaper clippings; autographed copies of the American Journal of Folklore and the Canadian Indian; copies of Cushing's own publications inscribed to various family members; and a manuscript concerning social life and customs, written in a shaky hand on badly deteriorated ledger paper. This manuscript has writing in a different hand on the reverse.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Hamilton Cushing (1857-1900) was a noted anthropologist for the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2009-06
General:
Historian Curtis Hinsley examined the manuscript in September 2009. He believes that Cushing was the author of this work, but it is not written in Cushing's own hand.
Topic:
Folklore  Search this
Manners and customs  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Genre/Form:
Poems
Drafts (documents)
Manuscripts
Receipts
Journals (periodicals)
Citation:
Manuscript 2009-06, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2009-06
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e13e9e68-0a62-4b58-aee1-ce7cd8fb3178
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2009-06

Owen M. Lynch papers

Creator:
Lynch, Owen M., 1931-2013  Search this
Extent:
132 Sound recordings
43 Linear feet (83 boxes.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Photographs
Correspondence
Electronic records
Manuscripts
Field recordings
Field notes
Place:
India -- Social life and customs
Agra (India)
Date:
1945-2012
Summary:
The papers of Owen M. Lynch (1931-2013) contain his research and fieldwork on marginalized castes in India, and in particular highlight his work among the Dalits, or Untouchables, in Agra. The collection consists of field notes, surveys, interviews, maps, drawings, manuscript notes and drafts, language materials, subject files, day planners, correspondence, university papers, conference symposium and panel materials, photographs, sound recordings, video recordings, and electronic records.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Owen M. Lynch document his research and field work in India, and in particular highlight his work among the Dalits in Agra. The collection consists of field notes, surveys, interviews, maps, drawings, manuscript notes and drafts, language materials, subject files, day planners, correspondence, university papers, conference symposium and panel materials, photographs, sound recordings, video recordings, and electronic records. The Munda Languages Project was Lynch's first fieldwork experience in India and focused on the Nihali and Nahali languages. His subsequent research focused on the Dalits in Agra, the Dharavi slums of Mumbai, the Chaube Brahmans in Mathura, and the Radhavallabhi sect in Brindaban. This research is represented well in his field notes, photographs, and sound recordings.

Lynch also kept extensive subject files on numerous Indian issues which contain significant material on the Dalits, Indian economics and politics, and related researchers. There is a small amount of Lynch's university papers from both his time as a student and as a professor. His student material includes reading notes, his student papers, and dissertation proposal. His university papers are chiefly course and lecture notes. The bulk of the photographs are from Lynch's fieldwork, primarily from Agra and Mumbai. Included are photos of slums in Agra and Mumbai, shoemakers in Agra, weddings, ceremonies, conferences, and parades. There are also prints used in his first book The Politics of Untouchability. The presentation slides are thematically arranged sets of photographs, presumably used for course lectures or conference presentations. The majority of the sound recordings are from fieldwork in Agra in 1994-1995, and include lectures, interviews, conference recordings, and songs.
Arrangement:
The Owen M. Lynch papers are arranged into 13 series:

2. Research, 1956-2006

3. Subject Files, 1953-2012

4. University, 1951-2010

5. Writings, 1963-2005

6. Writings By Others, circa 1950-2003

7. Correspondence, 1947-2010 and undated

8. Professional Activities, 1977-2004

9. Biographical, 1945-2007

10. Ephemera, circa 1990-circa 2000

11. Photographs, circa 1940s-circa 2009 and undated

12. Sound Recordings, 1962-2006

13. Video Recordings, circa 2000-circa 2011

14. Electronic Records, circa 1980-2011
Biographical Note:
Chronology

1931 -- Born on January 4 in Flushing, New York

1956 -- B.A., Fordham University

1962-1964 -- Fieldwork: Munda Languages Project, Madhya Pradesh, India

1964-1964 -- Fieldwork: Dalits in Agra, India

1966 -- Ph.D. in anthropology, Columbia University

1966-1969 -- Assistant Professor, State University of New York at Binghamton

1966-1986 -- Seminar Associate, Columbia University Seminars

1969-1973 -- Associate Professor, State University of New York at Binghamton

1970-1971 -- Fieldwork: Squatters in Mumbai, India

1974-2003 -- Charles F. Noyes Professor Emeritus of Urban Anthropology, New York University

1978-1984 -- Senior Research Associate, Southern Asian Institute, Columbia University

1980-1982 -- Fieldwork: Pilgrimage and Chaube Brahmans in Mathura, India

1988-1989 -- Fieldwork: Radhavallabhi Sect in Brindaban, India

1994-1995 -- Fieldwork: Dalits in Agra, India

2013 -- Died on April 26 in Boston, Massachusetts

Owen M. Lynch was an anthropologist and scholar with New York University who was noted for his pioneering work with the Dalits, or Untouchables, in India. He was born in 1931 in Flushing, New York. He earned his bachelor's degree from Fordham University (1956) and his Ph.D in anthropology from Columbia University (1966). He began his teaching career in 1966 as an assistant professor at the State University of New York at Binghamton. He became the Charles F. Noyes Professor Emeritus of Urban Anthropology at New York University in 1974 where he remained until his retirement in 2003.

His first fieldwork experience was with the Munda Languages Project in Madhya Pradesh, India, in 1962. His involvement with the project centered around work with the Nihali and Nahali languages. In 1963, he began fieldwork among the Dalits in Agra. He worked with the Jatavs, many of whom were shoemakers. This fieldwork would evolve into his dissertation, and form the basis for his first book The Politics of Untouchablility, published in 1969. He continued to study the Dalits and other marginalized peoples in India, including the Dharavi slums in Mumbai, Chaube Brahmans in Mathura, and the Radhavallabhi sect in Brindaban. He wrote extensively about the impact of Dalit leader B.R. Ambedkar, as well as the intersections of Buddhism, politics, and economics within India and the Dalit community.

Lynch was active in numerous anthropological associations. Among other professional appointments, he served on the editorial boards of South Asian Social Scientist (1984-1987), the Association of Asian Studies (1973-1977), and the International Journal of Hindu Studies (1997-2013); he was chair of the South Asia Council of the Association for Asian Studies (1985-1988) and president of the Society for Urban, National and Transnational Anthropology (1996-1998). He was also involved with groups such as the Volunteers in Service to India's Oppressed and Neglected (VISION), and was an active participant on conference panels and symposiums. He retired from teaching in 2003, and died in 2013.

Source consulted:

Friedlander, Eva 2014 Owen M. Lynch (1931-2013). American Anthropologist. 116(4): 898-900.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Owen Lynch's niece, Maureen Murphy, in 2013.
Restrictions:
Some material related to scholarship applications, job applications, and doctoral applications and defenses are restricted and not available for access. Restriction dates are noted in the container listing.

Access to the Owen M. Lynch papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Buddhist pilgrims and pilgrimages  Search this
Urban anthropology  Search this
Caste -- India  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Ambedkar, B.R.  Search this
Untouchables  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Dalits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Correspondence
Electronic records
Sound recordings
Manuscripts
Field recordings
Field notes
Citation:
Owen M. Lynch papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2013-11
See more items in:
Owen M. Lynch papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f0ff53a5-b94f-49c1-8009-0e9751a96639
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2013-11

Robert I. Levy papers

Creator:
Levy, Robert I. (Robert Isaac), 1924-  Search this
Extent:
262 Sound recordings
37.4 Linear feet (71 boxes, 5 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Manuscripts
Field notes
Correspondence
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Tahiti (French Polynesia: Island)
Bhaktapur (Nepal)
Date:
1947-2001, undated
Summary:
The Robert I. Levy papers document his field work, research and professional activities from 1949-2001 and primarily deal with his work studying social organization, culture, and their psychological effects in Tahiti and Nepal. The collection consists of correspondence, field notes, sound recordings of interviews with informants in Tahiti and Nepal, interview transcripts and analyses, language and culture research materials, maps, and color slides. Also included are files about his books, articles, essays, and lectures; course materials from his time as a professor at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD); and conference files.
Scope and Contents:
The Robert I. Levy papers document his field work, research and professional activities from 1949-2001 and primarily deal with his work studying social organization, culture and their psychological effects in Tahiti and Nepal. The collection consists of correspondence, field notes, sound recordings of interviews with informants in Tahiti and Nepal, interview transcripts and analyses, language and culture research materials, maps, and color slides.

The correspondence includes Levy's thoughts on his first field work experience in Tahiti from 1961-1964 along with extensive correspondence with Levy's cousin, anthropologist Roy Rappaport, in the same time period. Interview transcripts from Tahiti are written in Tahitian with Levy's notes in English. Transcripts from Nepal are in Newar (Devanagari script) with English translations. Full transcripts in both languages are not always present. Research materials comprise documents Levy gathered before and after his periods of field work and include extensive analyses of psychological terms in Tahitian and Newar. The color slides depict adults, children, daily activities, rituals, and some landscapes in Tahiti and Nepal.

Also included in this collection are files about his books, articles, essays, and lectures; course materials from his time as a professor at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD); and conference files.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 4 series: Series 1. Tahiti, 1959-1964, 1970, undated; Series 2. Nepal, 1959-1990, undated; Series 3. Professional activities, 1949-2001, undated; Series 4. Slides, 1961, 1973-1978, undated.
Biographical note:
1924 -- Robert I. Levy was born on June 1st in New York, New York.

1947 -- M.D. Degree, New York University, College of Medicine.

1953-1956 -- Army Medical Corps, Neuropsychiatric and Psychiatric Services, Germany.

1954 -- Specialty certification in psychiatry. American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.

1956-1962 -- Private psychiatry practice. Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, University of California, School of Medicine. Attending Psychiatrist, Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute, San Francisco, California. Adjunct in psychiatry, Mount Zion Hospital, San Francisco, California.

1961 -- Fellow, American Psychiatric Association.

1961-1964 -- From July-August 1961 and July 1962-June 1964, field work in French Polynesia. Grants from the National Institute for Mental Health and the National Science Foundation.

1964-1966 -- Research Associate, Anthropology, Bishop Museum, Honolulu. Senior Scholar, Institute of Advanced Projects, East-West Center;

1966-1967 -- Visiting Associate Professor of Public Health, University of Hawaii.

1967-1969 -- Research Professor, Social Science Research Institute of Hawaii; Lecturer, Department of Anthropology, University of Hawaii.

1969-1991 -- Professor of Anthropology, University of California, San Diego.

1973-1976 -- Field work in Nepal. National Science Foundation grant.

1973-1975 -- Honorary Senior Fulbright-Hays Grant, Nepal.

1990-1991 -- Fellow, National Humanities Center, Research Triangle Park, NC.

1991-2003 -- Research Professor of Anthropology, Duke University. Research Professor of Anthropology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Emeritus Professor of Anthropology, University of California, San Diego;

1996 -- Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

2003 -- Died August 29th in Asolo, Italy.

Robert I. Levy was a professor in the Anthropology Department at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) from 1969 until his retirement in 1991 who was known for his ground breaking work in psychological anthropology. Born in 1924 in New York, New York, he originally trained in medicine and psychiatry (M.D. Degree, New York University, 1947). Levy was lured into anthropology in the early 1960s by Douglas Oliver to work on a field project in Tahiti. Levy spent a total of 26 months from 1961-1964 conducting research in Tahiti focused on aspects of Tahitian culture and psychological organization. The resulting book Tahitians: Mind and Experience in the Society Islands (1973) was selected as a finalist for the National Book Award. Levy went on to complete field work in Nepal in the traditional Hindu city of Bhaktapur, from 1973-1976 conducting research on social organization, culture, and their psychological correlates. The culmination of his research, Mesocosm: Hinduism and the Organization of a Traditional Newar City in Nepal, was published in 1990.

Prior to joining the faculty at UCSD, Levy was a senior scholar at the East-West Center, a research associate at the Bishop Museum, and a professor at the University of Hawaii, all in Honolulu. He was also the associate editor of ETHOS from 1971-1979 and received fellowships at the Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences in Palo Alto, CA (1985-1986) and the National Humanities Center in Research Triangle Park, NC (1990-1991). After his retirement from UCSD in 1991 Levy was appointed a Research Professor of Anthropology at both the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill and Duke University. He died in 2003 in Asolo, Italy.

Source consulted: Hollan, Douglas 2005 "Mind and Experience in Tahiti, Nepal, and Beyond." ETHOS. Vol. 33, No. 4, Special Section in Honor of Robert I. Levy (Dec., 2005), pp. 430-432.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Robert Levy's wife, Nerys Levy, in 2014.
Restrictions:
Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
The Robert I. Levy papers are open for research.

Access to the Robert I. Levy papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Caste -- Nepal  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Ethnopsychology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Field notes
Correspondence
Sound recordings
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Robert I. Levy papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2014-11
See more items in:
Robert I. Levy papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3de136f88-d5a2-495d-acfd-ccf24d561825
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2014-11

Lawrence Oschinsky papers

Creator:
Oschinsky, Lawrence, 1921-1965  Search this
Extent:
18 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Photographs
Date:
circa 1900-1965
Summary:
The papers of Lawrence Oschinsky primarily document his research and professional activities from 1940s-1965 as an American physical anthropologist, but include some personal materials as well. The collection contains his published works, dissertations, field notes, correspondence, teaching materials, and many photographs depicting both his personal travels and his research subjects in the Canadian Arctic, Africa, Asia, and other regions.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Lawrence Oschinsky primarily document his professional life and research on the racial affinities and evolutionary characteristics of various peoples. The collection contains his published works, dissertations, field notes, correspondence, teaching materials, and many photographs depicting both his personal travels and his research subjects in the Canadian Arctic, Africa, Asia, and other regions.
Arrangement:
The Lawrence Oschinsky papers are organized into 9 series:

Series 1: Personal Information and Effects

Series 2: Correspondence

Series 3: Education

Series 4: Research and Notes

Series 5: Published Works

Series 6: Writings

Series 7: Teaching Materials

Series 8: Photographs

Series 9: Motion picture film
Biographical / Historical:
Lawrence Oschinsky was born on April 19, 1921, to Lea Pollak Oschinsky and John Oschinsky in New York City. He received his B.A. degree from Brooklyn College in 1943, where he was first drawn to anthropology. In 1947 he received his master's degree in Anthropology from the University of Chicago, with the thesis entitled "Islam in Chicago: Being a Study of the Acculturation of a Muslim Palestinian Community in That City." He attended the University of Zurich from 1947-1950 pursuing graduate coursework in anthropology.

From 1950-1951 he was instructor of anatomy at Makerere College Medical School, in Kampala Uganda, studying the racial affinities of various African tribes. From 1951-1952 he was a Research Student at the University of Cambridge, England. He returned to the University of Zurich in 1952 and received his PhD in Anthropology. His doctoral dissertation, published in 1953, was entitled "The Racial Affinities of the Baganda and Other Bantu Tribes of British East Africa." In October 1953, Oschinsky returned to the United States and began his teaching and research career as an Instructor in Physical Anthropology at the Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania. He also acted as research assistant to Dr. Wilton M. Krogman, Professor of Physical Anthropology, and took anthropometric measurements of school children for Krogman's child growth research program.

Concurrently, Oschinsky cooperated with police and other agencies in the forensic identification of unknown human remains and cases of disputed paternity. Toward the end of 1953, he obtained a position as a Research Scholar in Physical Anthropology at the United States Educational Foundation in Burma. He spent a year studying the peoples of Burma in relation to those of Thailand, Indonesia, Malaya, and the Philippines. From 1956-1957, he was an Instructor in Anatomy at Howard University Medical School in Washington, DC. During 1957-1958, he was Visiting Lecturer in Physical Anthropology at the University of Arizona, Tucson. In 1958, Oschinsky was offered the position of Curator of Physical Anthropology at the National Museum of Canada, in Ottawa, where he devoted himself to an intensive study of the museum's osteological collections. In 1962 he became a part-time instructor in Physical Anthropology at St. Patrick's College, University of Ottawa. In July 1963, Oschinsky became Assistant Professor, and later Associate Professor of Physical Anthropology, University of Toronto, where he taught until his death on December 19, 1965.

Oschinsky wrote several scientific papers during these years, culminating in 1964 with the monograph The Most Ancient Eskimos: The Eskimo Affinities of Dorset Culture Skeletal Remains.. In this book, Oschinsky explored Eskimo prehistory via skeletal specimens.

Chronology

1921 April 19 -- Born in New York City, NY

1939-1943 -- Bachelor of Arts, Brooklyn College

1943-1947 -- Masters in Anthropology, University of Chicago

1947-1950 -- Graduate Coursework in Anthropology, University of Zurich

1950-1951 -- Anatomy instructor; studied racial affinities of African tribes, Makerere College Medical School, Uganda

1951-1952 -- Research student, University of Cambridge, England

1952-53 -- PhD in Physical Anthropology, University of Zurich

1953 -- Worked with police and other agencies in the forensic identification of unknown human remains and cases of disputed paternity

1953-1954 -- Instructor, Physical Anthropology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Research assistant to Dr. Wilton M. Krogman; took anthropometric measurements of schoolchildren for Krogman's child growth research program.

1954-1955 -- Research scholar in Physical Anthropology, United States Educational Foundation, Burma (currently Myanmar)

1956-1957 -- Instructor in Anatomy, Howard University Medical School, Washington, D.C.

1957-1958 -- Visiting Lecturer in Physical Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson

1958-1963 -- Curator of Physical Anthropology, National Museum of Canada, Ottawa

1962 -- Part-time instructor in Physical Anthropology, St. Patrick's College, University of Ottawa

1963-1965 -- Assistant Professor of Physical Anthropology, University of Toronto

1964 -- Published monograph, The Most Ancient Eskimos: The Eskimo Affinities of Dorset Culture Skeletal Remains

1965 December 19 -- Died in Toronto, Ontario
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological archives holds the records of the Wilton M. Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development.
Separated Materials:
Oschinsky's measuring instruments and a number of dental casts were transferred to the biological anthropology collections of the National Museum of Natural History.
Provenance:
The papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Lawrence Oschinsky's nephew, Scott Fuller, in 2016.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Access to the Lawrence Oschinsky papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Physical anthropology -- skeletal remains  Search this
Physical anthropology -- Eskimo  Search this
Physical anthropology -- Early man  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Photographs
Citation:
Lawrence Oschinsky papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2016-26
See more items in:
Lawrence Oschinsky papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33565392a-9526-4fe9-871d-aa2f22fd5bcc
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2016-26

William Lipkind papers

Creator:
Lipkind, William, 1904-1974  Search this
Extent:
3 Linear feet
Culture:
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Karajá (Caraja)  Search this
Mebêngôkre (Kayapó/Cayapo)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1936-1939
Scope and Contents:
Lipkind's papers are limited to the fruit of his anthropological field work. They are, however, incomplete, for part remains in private hands. A few pieces of correspondence relating to his article for the Handbook of South American Indians are with Julian Haynes Steward. The Winnebago materal includes a vocabulary that may be by the nineteenth-century missionary William T. Findley.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Biographical Note:
William Lipkind became a student of anthropology at Columbia University under Franz Boas and Ruth Fulton Benedict following pursuit of courses in law, history, and English literature. His introduction to field work was during the summer of 1936, which he spent at Winnebago, Nebraska, investigating the Winnebago language and reviewing Paul Radin's work on the Winnebago. This field work provided data for his doctoral dissertation, which was published under the title Winnebago Grammar in 1945. Lipkind 's next field work was in Brazil, where he spent a year and a half, from 1937 to 1939, with the Caraja, studying their language and culture. During the same time, he also investigated the languages and cultures of neighboring peoples, including the Cayapo. The publications from this work were his article for the Handbook of South American Indians, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 143, volume 3, 1948, and an article on Caraja cosmology that was published in the Journal of American Folklore in 1940. Following a couple of years' teaching at Ohio State University, Lipkind became a civilian employee of the federal government and worked in Europe. After returning to the United States in 1947, his activity in anthropology was largely teaching. His publications were mostly in children's literature.
Related Materials:
The Archives of Traditional Music at Indiana University Bloomington holds the original cylinders of Brazil, Mato Grosso, Caraja and Cayapo Indians, 1938.

The Elmer L. Andersen Library at the University of Minnesota holds the William Lipkind (Will) papers, which relate to Lipkind's work as a children's author.
Restrictions:
Access to the William Lipkind papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
William Lipkind papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1982.0408
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3448414f5-fae2-475d-91f2-5f186fda1b7e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1982-0408

American Dermatoglyphics Association records

Creator:
American Dermatoglyphics Association  Search this
Extent:
187.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
circa 1960 - circa 2010
Scope and Contents:
The American Dermatoglyphics Association records are comprised of business records, including correspondence, minutes, newsletters, and several dermatoglyphics collections. These collections feature finger and palm prints from studies undertaken by American Dermatoglyphics Association members, along with accompanying documentation and publications.

Additions to the collection received after the initial deposit are identified by their accretion number. They are as follows:

2003-27 Accretion: Mavalwala's Parsi (India) research (fingerprints); Seltzer's breast cancer research (fingerprints/palm prints); Chris Plato research - Guatemala, Panama, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras (hand/wrist x-rays). This accretion also contains copies of the International Dermatoglyphics Association Newsletter (1963-1987).

2004-09 Accretion: 59 boxes

2005-11 Accretion: 7 boxes and rolled charts

2010-31 Accretion: Cheryl Sorenson Jamison and Robert J. Meier research files. Cheryl Jamison's files consist of dermatoglyphic prints of dyslexic children from 1986 in Kentucky, Louisiana, and Indiana. Robert Meier's files consist of dermatoglyphic prints he collected from the following populations: Easter Islanders (1964-1965); Inupiat Residents of Pt. Barrow, Alaska (1932); Alaskan Native Populations (1962-1971); and Indiana University Students (1987). His files also include prints from Illinois families (circa 1970s; collected by R. Peter Johnson) and Colombians (circa 1970s; collected by Robert MacLennan). 15 boxes.

2011-35 Accretion: Terry E. Reed general twin population prints and Richard Osborne twin prints. Terry Reed's collection of prints of twins and twin families are from various studies at Indiana University from 1972 to 1995. Prints of families with genetic conditions were separated and were not sent to the NAA. Includes reprints of articles and bibliography of Terry Reed's research using prints. Richard Osborne's prints were collected in the 1950s and given to David Stoney for his thesis research in the 1980s. They were passed on to Terry Reed through Peg Davee in 1988 and used in Reed's research on fingerprint arch heritability. 19 record storage boxes.

2012-02 Accretion: Wladimir Wertelecki research files. Mostly dermatoglyphic prints from the 1970-80s. Consists of lunula research prints of college students and Down's syndrome patients in South Carolina as well as prints from the following populations: South Carolina families, African American college students in Orangeburg, South Carolina; Caucasians in Boston, Massachusettes; Greeks; and patients with various medical disorders. Also contains cyclograms, dermatoglyphic readings, and teaching materials. 9 record storage boxes.

2013-20 Accretion: Terry E. Reed general twin population prints. This accretion consists of prints from his twin studies research at Indiana University Medical Center in the 1980s-1990s; McMaster University Medical Centre in the 1970s; and various veteran centers throughout the US as part of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) twin study in 1971-1973 and 1981-1982. Also in his files are prints from Nancy Segal's 1970s study on twins for her thesis at University of Chicago, as well as prints from Michele Carliere's 1990s research on French twins at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Historical Note:
In 1973 and 1974, following dermatoglyphics symposia meetings of the American Society of Human Genetics, plans were laid to organize the American Dermatoglyphics Association (ADA). Its first meeting was in October 1975 when bylaws were adopted. In 1981, the ADA was incorporated in Maryland and in 1982, the membership adopted a detailed constitution, which declared that the ADA's purpose was "to advance the science and application of dermatoglyphics particularly in North, Central and South America and the Caribbean and to facilitate cooperation with other associations that have similar aims." To this end, the ADA held its annual meetings in conjunction with other related scientific organizations such as the American Association of Physical Anthroplologists and the American Society of Human Genetics. The ADA published a newsletter and its membership was open to all interested persons, but there was a class of fellows for which there were academic and other requirements. The ADA was dissolved in 2018.
Restrictions:
Materials may be restricted for privacy reasons. Contact the repository for mroe information.

Access to the American Dermatoglyphics Association records requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
dermatoglyphics  Search this
Fingerprints  Search this
Intellectual disability  Search this
Biological anthropology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
American Dermatoglyphics Association records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1993-17
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw392bcd132-9a56-4367-9a5c-66b6f1ec7c62
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1993-17

Donald J. Ortner Papers

Creator:
Ortner, Donald J.  Search this
Names:
Paleopathology Association  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Department of Anthroplogy  Search this
University of Bradford  Search this
Frohlich, Bruno, 1945-  Search this
Putschar, Walter G. J., 1904-1987  Search this
Extent:
44.37 Linear feet (96 boxes, 3 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Negatives (photographic)
Manuscripts
Sound recordings
Correspondence
Place:
Virginia
England
Jordan
Peru
Date:
1963-2013
Summary:
The Donald J. Ortner Papers, dated 1963 to 2013, document his research and professional activities while working in the Division of Physical Anthropology in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History. They primarily deal with his contributions to the field of paleopathology and his work with specimens from Bab edh-Dhra, Jordan and Chichester, England. The bulk of this collection consists of correspondence, files related to Ortner's publications, specimen observations and analysis, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The Donald J. Ortner Papers primarily document his projects, research, and correspondence working as a biological anthropologist in the Division of Physical Anthropology of the Department of Anthropology from 1963 until his death in 2012. The bulk of the projects represented relate to his work in paleopathology, such as the Near Eastern skeletal biology program in Jordan and the medieval skeletal disease project in England. The collection consists of notes, research materials, correspondence, data and data analysis, transcripts of specimen observations, maps, blueprints, artwork, negatives, slides, photographs, CD-Roms, floppy discs, and sound cassettes.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 8 series: Series 1. Correspondence, 1966-2012; Series 2. Subject files, 1965-2013, undated; Series 3. Near Eastern Skeletal Biology Program, 1977-2010, undated; Series 4. Medieval Skeletal Disease Project, 1988-2006, undated; Series 5. Other publications, projects, and research, 1963-2011, undated; Series 6. Professional activities, 1971-2007, undated; Series 7. Biographical and office files, 1963-2011, undated; Series 8. Artwork, 1978, undated
Biographical Note:
Donald J. Ortner was a biological anthropologist in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). By the time of his death, Ortner had served in many positions at the Museum, including Acting Director (1994-1996). His areas of expertise included human paleopathology, human health in medieval England, bioarcheology of the ancient Near East, and the history and evoluton of human infectious diseases. Ortner was a founding member of the Paleopathology Association.

Ortner was born in 1938 in Stoneham, Massachusetts and arrived at the NMNH in 1963, working primarily with J. Lawrence Angel who had recently started as Curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology. While working at the Museum, Ortner completed his Master's in Anthropology in 1967 and received his Ph.D. from the University of Kansas in 1970. His doctoral dissertation was on The Effects of Aging and Disease on the Micromorphology of Human Compact Bone.

Ortner worked with Walter G. J. Putschar, a pathologist based at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, on a series of short-courses (1971-1974) on paleopathology at the Smithsonian. During the summer of 1974, Putschar and Ortner traveled to Europe (London, Edinburgh, Zurich, Strasbourg, Vienna, Prague) studying and photographing examples of skeletal pathology in museums and other repositories. The result of this research was the book Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains published in 1981, with later editions in 1985 and 2003.

In 1977, Ortner joined the Expedition to the Dead Sea Plain directed by archaeologists Walter E. Rast and R. Thomas Schaub, focusing on the site of Bab edh-Dhra. Ortner studied the tombs and skeletons for data indicating cultural and biological changes, especially urbanization and connection to the development of other "Western civilizations." Ortner participated in two more field seasons in Bab edh-Dhra in 1979 and 1981. From his research at Bab-edh-Dhra, Ortner published many scholarly articles and recreated two tombs for the Hall of Western Civilization at NMNH.

In 1988, Ortner began his collaboration with the University of Bradford in Bradford, England, teaching short-courses on paleopathology. While a Visiting Professor at the University, he also participated in a project on human health and disease in Medieval England. The project focused on leprosy and syphilis in skeletons from St. James Hospital's leprosarium cemetery in Chichester, Wharram Perry, and Magistrates' Court in Kingston-upon-Hull. He received an Honorary Doctorate of Science from the University in 1995.

Donald J. Ortner died on April 29th, 2012 in Maryland.

Sources consulted:

Ubelaker, D. H. "Obituary: Donald J. Ortner (1938–2012)." American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 149 (2012): 155–156.

Arnoldi, Mary Jo and Ann Kaupp. "Donald J. Ortner, Sr. (1939-2012)." Anthropolog: Newsletter of the Department of Anthropology, Spring 2012: 1-3.

Chronology

1938 -- Born on August 23 in Stoneham, Massachusetts.

1960 -- Received B.A. in Zoology from Columbia Union College in Takoma Park, Maryland.

1963 -- Began working at the Smithsonian Institution.

1967 -- Received M.A. in Anthropology from Syracuse University.

1969 -- Promoted to Assistant Curator.

1970 -- Received Ph.D. from the University of Kansas.

1971 -- Promoted to Associate Curator.

1971-1975 -- Taught part-time at the University of Maryland.

1974 -- Spent summer with Dr. Walter G. J. Putschar studying pathological specimens in Europe.

1976 -- Promoted to Curator in the Anthropology Department, National Museum of Natural History.

1977 -- First field season at Bab edh-Dhra cemetery site in Jordan.

1979 -- Second field season at Bab edh-Dhra cemetery site in Jordan.

1981 -- Third field season at Bab edh-Dhra cemetery site in Jordan.

1988 -- Began association with the University of Bradford in Bradford, England.

1988-1992 -- Chairman of the Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History.

1994-1996 -- Acting Director of the National Museum of Natural History.

1995 -- Awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Science degree from the University of Bradford.

1999-2001 -- President of the Paleopathology Association.

2005 -- Received Eve Cockburn Award from the Paleopathology Association in recognition of his contributions in the field of paleopathology.

2012 -- Died on April 29 in Maryland.
Related Materials:
The following photo lots depicting Donald J. Ortner can be found at the NAA:

Photo Lot 7D: Photograph of attendees after American Anthropological Association annual meeting, 1965

Photo Lot 7A: Portraits made at the annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1970

Photo Lot 77-45: Photograph of Smithsonian Institution physical anthropologists, circa 1977

Photo Lot 4822: Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of physical anthropologists, undated

Sound recordings of Donald J. Ortner at the NAA:

John Lawrence Angel Papers, Sound Recordings, "How Humans Adapt: A Biocultural Odyssey," November 9, 1981

Other collections at the NAA in which Donald J. Ortner is a correspondent or creator of material:

Records of the Department of Anthropology, 1877-1980

Department of Anthropology Annual Reports, 1920-1983

John Lawrence Angel Papers, 1930s-1980s

Three films that document Ortner's work in Bab edh-Dhra are located in the Human Studies Film Archives (HSFA):

Film number 2000.9.1, The Bones of Bab edh-Dhra, ca. 1970s

Film number 2000.9.3, Bab edh-Dhra Film Project, 1970-1980

Film number 2014.3, City of the Dead, 1978

The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds the original City of the Dead in Accession 05-282, Office of Telecommunications, Productions.
Provenance:
These papers were transferred to the NAA from the Department of Anthropology in 2014.
Restrictions:
The Donald J. Ortner Papers are open for research.

Access to the Donald J. Ortner Papers requires an appointment.

Requests to view forensic files are subject to review by the NAA. Forensic files can only be viewed in the National Anthropological Archives reading room. No copies are permitted unless permission is granted by the agency the report was written for.

Electronic records are unavailable for research. Please contact the reference archivist for additional information.

Use of audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Anthropologists -- United States  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Middle East  Search this
Scurvy  Search this
Leprosy -- Research  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Bāb edh-Dhrā Site (Jordan)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- England  Search this
Forensic anthropology  Search this
Paleopathology  Search this
Bronze age  Search this
Chichester (England)  Search this
Diseases  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Negatives (photographic)
Manuscripts
Sound recordings
Correspondence
Citation:
Donald J. Ortner Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2014-07
See more items in:
Donald J. Ortner Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34f215cb8-26a6-4988-9af5-a94af54f4ac3
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2014-07

May Mandelbaum Edel papers

Creator:
Edel, May M. (May Mandelbaum), 1909-1964  Search this
Edel, Abraham, 1908-2007  Search this
Names:
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Extent:
4.58 Linear feet (5 boxes)
Culture:
Jews  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Chiga (African people)  Search this
Okanagan  Search this
Kru (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Lecture notes
Correspondence
Field notes
Place:
Uganda
Brownsville (New York, N.Y.)
Date:
1928-1996
bulk 1928-1964
Summary:
May Mandelbaum Edel (1909-1964) taught anthropology at Brooklyn College and the New School for Social Research, and founded the Anthropology Department at Rutgers University in 1960. She conducted fieldwork in Washington; Oregon; Uganda; and Brownsville, New York. The collection consists of field notes, lecture notes, language notes, manuscripts, books, correspondence, teaching materials, conference files, and personal papers. Included are lecture notes taken from courses with Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict, and extensive field notes for her work with the Okanagan Indians in Washington, the Bachiga (Bakiga) in Uganda, and Jewish families in Brownsville, New York.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of May Mandelbaum Edel document her student and professional career as an anthropologist. The collection consists of field notes, lecture notes, language notes, manuscripts, books, correspondence, teaching materials, conference files, and personal papers. Some of Edel's lecture notes reflect courses taken with Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict. The language notes include vocabulary lists, and are for Bullom, and possibly Salish and Tillamook. There are also extensive field notes for her work with the Okanagan in Washington, the Chiga in Uganda, and Jewish families in Brownsville, New York. Writings include annotated drafts of manuscripts on the Chiga of Uganda as well as an annotated draft of her book The Story of People. Correspondence includes letters from Franz Boas and Ernest B. Kalibala. Also included is correspondence for Abraham Edel regarding Edel's published works and the donation of her papers.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 7 series:

Series 1: Research, circa 1930s - circa 1960s; Series 2: Writings, 1933-1995; Series 3: Writings By Others circa 1920s-1966; Series 4: Personal Files, circa 1950s-1967; Series 5: Student Files, 1928-1935; Series 6: Correspondence, 1932-1996, undated; Series 7: Professional Files, 1929-1963;
Biographical/Historical note:
May Mandelbaum Edel was born on December 1, 1909 in New York. As a student at Barnard College, she took graduate anthropology classes at Columbia University under Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict. She continued her graduate studies at Columbia University and was awarded her Ph.D. in 1940. Her first fieldwork experience was with the Okanagan in 1930, and in the following year she conducted linguistic research among the Tillamook. As a fellow of the National Research Council, she traveled to Western Uganda in 1932 and stayed in the village of Bufuka (with the Bachiga people) where she did ethnographic work. In 1934 she married philosopher Abraham Edel, whom she would later collaborate with on the book Anthropology and Ethics. She taught anthropology at Brooklyn College and at the New School for Social Research, and in 1960, founded the Anthropology Department at Rutgers University. May Mandelbaum Edel passed away on May 23, 1964 at the age of 54.

Chronology

1909 -- Born on December 1 in New York

1929 -- B.A. from Barnard College

1930 -- Field research in Washington among the Okanagan

1931 -- Field research in Oregon among the Tillamook

1932 -- Field research among the Chiga in Uganda

1934 -- Married Abraham Edel

1940 -- Ph.D. in Anthropology from Columbia University

1947 -- Field research among Jewish families in Brownsville, New York

1956 -- Professor, New School for Social Research

1960 -- Founded the Anthropology Department at Rutgers University

1964 -- Died of illness on May 23
Related Materials:
The Bullom and Kru materials complement three tape recordings, apparently of these same individuals, and said to have been "collected by Franz Boas," that are deposited in the Archives of Traditional Music at Indiana University.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by May Mandelbaum Edel's daughter, Deborah Edel, in 2005.
Restrictions:
The May Mandelbaum Edel papers are open for research.
Rights:
Contact the naa@si.edu for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Northern Bullom language  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Lecture notes
Correspondence
Field notes
Citation:
May Mandelbaum Edel papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2005-27
See more items in:
May Mandelbaum Edel papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32f11646b-5a38-489c-a711-fbf433d6ae55
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2005-27

Valerie Fennell papers

Creator:
Fennell, Valerie I.  Search this
Extent:
3.75 Linear feet (3 boxes)
80 Sound cassettes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Photographs
Field notes
Sound recordings
Manuscripts
Interviews
Place:
Southport (N.C.)
Atlanta (Ga.)
Date:
1969-2007
Summary:
Valerie Fennell is an anthropologist whose work focused primarily on age and gender relations among elder communities. She has worked for Georgia State University since 1974 as a professor of anthropology and a faculty ombudsperson. The papers of Valerie Fennell chiefly document her research in Southport, North Carolina among elder communities, as well as fieldwork in Atlanta, Georgia. The papers consist of dissertation drafts, notes, and comments; field notes; interview sound recordings; photographs; and research proposals.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Valerie Fennell chiefly document her research in Southport, North Carolina among elder communities at Curlew Point, as well as fieldwork in Atlanta, Georgia. The papers consist of dissertation drafts, notes, and comments; field notes; interview sound recordings; photographs; and research proposals. Papers are arranged at the collection level as organized by the creator.
Biographical / Historical:
Valerie Fennell is an anthropologist whose work focused primarily on age and gender relations among elder communities. She has worked for Georgia State University since 1974 as a professor of anthropology and a faculty ombudsperson. She received her Ph.D. in Anthropology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, with John Honigmann serving as her advisor. Her fieldwork was conducted in North Carolina and Georgia, chiefly among elder and ethnic communities.

Sources Consulted: Fennell, Valerie. Curriculum Vitae, circa 2005.
Related Materials:
Valerie Fennell papers, Georgia State University
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Valerie Fennell in 2013.
Restrictions:
The Valerie Fennell papers is open for research.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Gerontology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Field notes
Sound recordings
Manuscripts
Interviews
Citation:
Valerie Fennell papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Instutition
Identifier:
NAA.2013-08
See more items in:
Valerie Fennell papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30e54740d-9f37-4463-a911-7ccb83793da6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2013-08

MS 3398 Moose Cree texts from Harvey Smallboy

Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Creator:
Smallboy, Harvey, 1879-1947  Search this
Translator:
Allan, William  Search this
Extent:
2 Notebooks (81 pages)
Culture:
Cree  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Notebooks
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Place:
Moose Factory (Ont.)
Date:
1935
Scope and Contents:
Two notebooks containing stories handwritten in Moose Cree syllabary and English. The syllabic texts were written by Harvey Smallboy at Moose Factory, Ontario. The English translations were dictated by William Allan.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3398
Local Note:
Title changed from "Cree Syllabic Texts Summer of 1935" 6/3/2014.
Other Archival Materials:
See Manuscript 3414 for phonetic versions of the syllabic texts.
Topic:
Cree language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Citation:
Manuscript 3398, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3398
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34b9f3ee0-d30b-4700-a121-c5dc1b6168dd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3398
Online Media:

Handbook of South American Indians records

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Extent:
12 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Place:
South America
Date:
1934-1947
Scope and Contents:
The records concern Julian Steward's semiautonomous project attached to the Bureau of American Ethnology to produce a multivolume reference work (Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 143). The material consists mainly of administrative and reference documents, correspondence, reports, proposals, and manuscripts of writings. Some manuscripts are in a form other than that which was published. The overwhelming bulk of illustrations used in the Handbook has not been located.

Correspondents and authors include Ackerknecht, Erwin H. ; Anelim, John E. ; d'Aloja, Ada ; Altieri, Radames A. ; Aparicio, Francisco de ; Baldus, Herbert ; Barbero, Andres ; Barnett, Homer Garner 1908- ; Beals, Ralph Leon 1901-1985 ; Beers, Howard W. ; Belaieff, Ivan ; Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948 ; Bennett, Wendell Clark ; Bertoni, Guillermo Tell ; Bird, Junius Bouton ; Buoncristiani, John J. ; Byers, Douglas Swain ; Canals Frau, Salvador ; Casanova, Eduardo ; Chapman, Oscar L. ; Collier, Charles W. ; Cooper, John Montgomery Fr 1881-1949 ; Eggan, Fred Russell ; FarfÃ"an, JosÃ"e M. B. ; Fejos, Paul ; Foster, George McClelland Jr ; Frenguelli, Joaquin ; Gamio, Manuel ; Garcia Valdes, Pedro ; Garro, J. Eugenio ; Gaudia, Enrique de ; Gifford, Edward Winslow ; Gilmore, Raymond M. ; Gillin, John Philip ; Goldman, Irving, 1911-2002 ; Griffin, James Bennett ; Hallowell, Alfred Irving ; Heizer, Robert Fleming 1915-1979 ; Henckel, Karl Otto ; Hernandez de Alba, Gregorio ; Herskovits, Melville J. 1895-1963 (Melville Jean), ; Herzog, George ; Hilger, Marie Inez, Sister 1891-1977 ; Hoijer, Harry ; Horton, Donald ; Hostos, Adolfo de ; Howard, George D. ; Imbelloni, Jose ; Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994 ; Kirchhoff, Paul ; Kroeber, A. L. 1876-1960 (Alfred Louis), ; Kubler, George ; La Barre, Weston, 1911-1996 ; Larco Hoyle, Rafael ; Lauriault, Edwin H. ; Leap, M. L. ; Lehmann, Henri ; Leighly, John ; Levi-Strauss, Claude ; Lipkind, William 1904-1974 ; Lothrop, S. K. 1892-1965 (Samuel Kirkland), ; Lowie, Robert Harry ; Maes, Ernest E. ; Marques Miranda, Fernando ; Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967 ; McCown, Theodore Doney ; Means, Philip Ainsworth ; Meggers, Betty Jane ; Metraux, Alfred ; Mishkin, Bernard ; Moe, Henry Allen, 1894-1975 ; Murdock, George Peter, 1897-1985 ; Murra, John V. 1916- (John Victor), ; Nimuendaju, Curt ; OºNeale, Lila Morris ; Ortiz, Sergio Elias ; Osgood, Cornelius ; Park, Willard Z. ; Provinse, John H. ; Redfield, Robert ; Reichel-Dolmatoff, Gerardo de ; Richardson, Frederick L.W. ; Rivet, Paul ; Rockefeller, Nelson A. ; Rouse, Irving ; Rowe, John Howland ; Sauer, Carl O. ; Scott, Donald ; Spier, Leslie ; Steedman, Elsie V. ; Steggerda, Morris ; Stewart, T. D. 1901-1997 (Thomas Dale), ; Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975 ; Stone, Doris ; Stout, David Bond ; Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962 ; Tello, Julio C. ; Tschopik, Harry S. Jr. ; Vaillant, George Clapp ; Valcercel, Luis E. ; Wagley, Charles, 1913- ; Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988 ; White, Leslie Alvin ; Weitzner, Bella ; Collier, Donald ; Collier, John ; Herzog, Ernesto.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 3 series: (1) Administrative and reference file, 1934-1947; (2) correspondence, 1939-1947; (3) manuscripts of writings, early 1940s.
Historical Note:
The Handbook of South American Indians is the product of efforts of the National Research Council Division of Anthropology and Psychology. In 1934, the Smithsonian Institution was urged to sponsor the project which was formally edited by Baron Erland Nordenskiöld until his death. Unsuccessful funding hindered the Smithsonian from going forward with the project until 1940 when the funds from the Department of State's Interdepartmental Committee were finally approved. However, during 1938-1939 the Smithsonian went through with a program.

Julian H. Steward, the director of the Institute for Social Anthropology, was designated the Handbook's editor in 1939. During 1940 through 1941, Robert H. Lowie and Alfred Métraux came to help with the Handbook, along with Gordon R. Willey. The project also attracted the attention and participation of many experts from the United States, Latin America, and Europe.

In 1946, most of the Handbook was completed with the exception of a few parts of the six-volume project.
Restrictions:
The Handbook of South American Indians records are open for research.

Access to the Handbook of South American Indians records requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Handbook of South American Indians records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.XXXX.0313
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c33e63c8-cf65-4355-8264-92aa5da43874
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-xxxx-0313

Frederica de Laguna Papers

Creator:
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
McClellan, Catharine  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Guédon, Marie Françoise  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Correspondent:
Stearns, Mary Lee  Search this
Aberle, David F. (David Friend), 1918-2004  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baird, Melissa  Search this
Balzer, Marjorie  Search this
Bersch, Gretchen  Search this
Birket-Smith, Kaj  Search this
Black, Lydia  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Chowning, Ann  Search this
Clark, J. Desmond (John Desmond), 1916-2002  Search this
Codere, Helen F., 1917-2009  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Corbett, John M.  Search this
Darnell, Regna  Search this
Dauenhauer, Nora  Search this
Dauenhauer, Richard  Search this
Davenport, William  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Du Bois, Cora Alice, 1903-1991  Search this
Duff, Wilson, 1925-  Search this
Fair, Susan  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Foster, George McClelland, 1913-  Search this
Garfield, Viola Edmundson, 1899-1983  Search this
Giddings, James Louis  Search this
Gjessing, Gutorm, 1906  Search this
Grinev, Andrei V.  Search this
Hanable, William S.  Search this
Hara, Hiroko, 1934-  Search this
Haury, Emil W. (Emil Walter), 1904-1992  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Helm, June, 1924-  Search this
Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963  Search this
Holtved, Erik  Search this
Jenness, Diamond, 1886-1969  Search this
Kahn, Mimi  Search this
Kan, Sergei  Search this
Krauss, Michael E., 1934-  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Larsen, Helge, 1905-1984  Search this
Leer, Jeff  Search this
Lindgren, E. J. (Ethel John), 1904-1988  Search this
Lomax, Alan, 1915-2002  Search this
Low, Jean  Search this
Mathiassen, Therkel, 1892-1967  Search this
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Olson, Wallace  Search this
Rainey, Froelich G. (Froelich Gladstone), 1907-1992  Search this
Riddell, Francis A. (Francis Allen), 1921-2002  Search this
Ritchie, William A. (William Augustus), 1903-1995  Search this
Schneider, William  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Shinkwin, Anne D.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Spiro, Melford E., 1920-2014  Search this
Underhill, Ruth, 1883-1984  Search this
VanStone, James W.  Search this
Weiner, Annette B., 1933-  Search this
Weitzner, Bella, 1891?-1988  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Woodbury, Natalie Ferris Sampson  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Workman, Karen Wood  Search this
Workman, William B.  Search this
Names:
American Anthropological Association  Search this
Bryn Mawr College  Search this
Photographer:
Smith, Harlan Ingersoll, 1872-1940  Search this
Extent:
2 Map drawers
38 Linear feet (71 document boxes, 1 half document box, 2 manuscript folders, 4 card file boxes, 1 flat box, and 1 oversize box)
Culture:
Yakutat Tlingit  Search this
Tutchone  Search this
Tsimshian  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Tanana  Search this
Kawchodinne (Hare)  Search this
Ahtna (Ahtena)  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Northern Athabascan  Search this
Chugach  Search this
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Eyak  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Degexit'an (Ingalik)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Map drawers
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Place:
Alaska -- Archaeology
Aishihik (Yukon)
Angoon (Alaska)
Alaska -- Ethnology
Chistochina (Alaska)
Greenland
Copper River (Alaska)
Klukshu (Yukon)
Hoonah (Alaska)
Kodiak Island (Alaska)
Klukwan (Alaska)
Saint Lawrence River Valley
New Brunswick -- Archaeology
Yukon Island (Alaska)
Date:
1890-2004
bulk 1923-2004
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps. A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catherine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athabaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara Sue's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series X: Card Files. Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March. Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps.

A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. Among her notable correspondents are Kaj Birket-Smith, J. Desmond Clark, Henry Collins, George Foster, Viola Garfield, Marie-Françoise Guédon, Diamond Jenness, Michael Krauss, Therkel Mathiassen, Catharine McClellan, and Wallace Olson. She also corresponded with several eminent anthropologists including Franz Boas, William Fitzhugh, J. Louis Giddings, Emil Haury, June Helm, Melville Herskovitz, Alfred Kroeber, Helge Larsen, Alan Lomax, Margaret Mead, Froelich Rainey, Leslie Spier, Ruth Underhill, James VanStone, Annette Weiner, and Leslie White.

The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catharine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athapaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series 10: Card Files.

Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March.

Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. The collection also contains copies of photographs from the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Arrangement note:
Arranged in 12 series: (1) Correspondence, 1923-2004; (2) Field Research, 1947-1968; (3) Writings, 1926-2001; (4) Teaching, 1922-1988; (5) Professional Activities, 1939-2001; (6) Subject Files, 1890-2002; (7) Writings by Others, 1962-2000; (8) Personal, 1923-2000; (9) Photographs, 1929-1986; (10) Card Files; (11) Maps, 1928-1973; (12) Sound Recordings, 1904-1973
Biographical / Historical:
Frederica Annis Lopez de Leo de Laguna was a pioneering archaeologist and ethnographer of northwestern North America. Known as Freddy by her friends, she was one of the last students of Franz Boas. She served as first vice-president of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA) from 1949 to 1950 and as president of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) from 1966-1967. She also founded the anthropology department at Bryn Mawr College where she taught from 1938 to 1972. In 1975, she and Margaret Mead, a former classmate, were the first women to be elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

Born on October 3, 1906 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, de Laguna was the daughter of Theodore Lopez de Leo de Laguna and Grace Mead Andrus, both philosophy professors at Bryn Mawr College. Often sick as a child, de Laguna was home-schooled by her parents until she was 9. She excelled as a student at Bryn Mawr College, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in politics and economics in 1927. She was awarded the college's prestigious European fellowship, which upon the suggestion of her parents, she deferred for a year to study anthropology at Columbia University under Boas. Her parents had recently attended a lecture given by Boas and felt that anthropology would unite her interests in the social sciences and her love for the outdoors.

After a year studying at Columbia with Boas, Gladys Reichard, and Ruth Benedict, de Laguna was still uncertain whether anthropology was the field for her. Nevertheless, she followed Boas's advice to spend her year abroad studying the connection between Eskimo and Paleolithic art, which would later became the topic of her dissertation. In the summer of 1928, she gained fieldwork experience under George Grant MacCurdy visiting prehistoric sites in England, France, and Spain. In Paris, she attended lectures on prehistoric art by Abbe Breuil and received guidance from Paul Rivet and Marcelin Boule. Engaged to an Englishman she had met at Columbia University, de Laguna decided to also enroll at the London School of Economics in case she needed to earn her degree there. She took a seminar with Bronislaw Malinowski, an experience she found unpleasant and disappointing.

It was de Laguna's visit to the National Museum in Copenhagen to examine the archaeological collections from Central Eskimo that became the turning point in her life. During her visit, she met Therkel Mathiassen who invited her to be his assistant on what would be the first scientific archaeological excavation in Greenland. She sailed off with him in June 1929, intending to return early in August. Instead, she decided to stay until October to finish the excavation with Mathiassen, now convinced that her future lay in anthropology. When she returned from Greenland she broke off her engagement with her fiancé, deciding that she would not able to both fully pursue a career in anthropology and be the sort of wife she felt he deserved. Her experiences in Greenland became the subject of her 1977 memoir, Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology.

The following year, Kaj Birket-Smith, whom de Laguna had also met in Copenhagen, agreed to let her accompany him as his research assistant on his summer expedition to Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet. When Birket-Smith fell ill and was unable to go, de Laguna was determined to continue on with the trip. She convinced the University of Pennsylvania Museum to fund her trip to Alaska to survey potential excavation sites and took as her assistant her 20 year old brother, Wallace, who became a geologist. A close family, de Laguna's brother and mother would later accompany her on other research trips.

In 1931, the University of Pennsylvania Museum hired de Laguna to catalogue Eskimo collections. They again financed her work in Cook Inlet that year as well as the following year. In 1933, she earned her PhD from Columbia and led an archaeological and ethnological expedition of the Prince William Sound with Birket-Smith. They coauthored "The Eyak Indians of the Copper River Delta, Alaska," published in 1938. In 1935, de Laguna led an archaeological and geological reconnaissance of middle and lower Yukon Valley, traveling down the Tanana River. Several decades later, the 1935 trip contributed to two of her books: Travels Among the Dena, published in 1994, and Tales From the Dena, published in 1997.

In 1935 and 1936, de Laguna worked briefly as an Associate Soil Conservationist, surveying economic and social conditions on the Pima Indian Reservation in Arizona. She later returned to Arizona during the summers to conduct research and in 1941, led a summer archaeological field school under the sponsorship of Bryn Mawr College and the Museum of Northern Arizona.

By this time, de Laguna had already published several academic articles and was also the author of three fiction books. Published in 1930, The Thousand March: Adventures of an American Boy with the Garibaldi was her historical fiction book for juveniles. She also wrote two detective novels: The Arrow Points to Murder (1937) and Fog on the Mountain (1938). The Arrow Points to Murder is set in a museum based on her experiences at the University of Pennsylvania Museum and the American Museum of National History. Fog on the Mountain is set in Cook Inlet and draws upon de Laguna's experiences in Alaska. Both detective novels helped to finance her research.

De Laguna began her long career at Bryn Mawr College in 1938 when she was hired as a lecturer in the sociology department to teach the first ever anthropology course at the college. By 1950, she was chairman of the joint department of Sociology and Anthropology, and in 1967, the chairman of the newly independent Anthropology Department. She was also a visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania (1947-1949; 1972-1976) and at the University of California, Berkeley (1959-1960; 1972-1973.)

During World War II, de Laguna took a leave of absence from Bryn Mawr College to serve in the naval reserve from 1942 to 1945. As a member of WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service), she taught naval history and codes and ciphers to women midshipmen at Smith College. She took great pride in her naval service and in her later years joined the local chapter of WAVES National, an organization for former and current members of WAVES.

In 1950, de Laguna returned to Alaska to work in the Northern Tlingit region. Her ethnological and archaeological study of the Tlingit Indians brought her back several more times throughout the 1950s and led to the publication of Under Mount Saint Elias in 1972. Her comprehensive three-volume monograph is still considered the authoritative work on the Yakutat Tlingit. In 1954, de Laguna turned her focus to the Atna Indians of Copper River, returning to the area in 1958, 1960, and 1968.

De Laguna retired from Bryn Mawr College in 1972 under the college's mandatory retirement policy. Although she suffered from many ailments in her later years including macular degeneration, she remained professionally active. Five decades after her first visit to Greenland, de Laguna returned to Upernavik in 1979 to conduct ethnographic investigations. In 1985, she finished editing George Thornton Emmons' unpublished manuscript The Tlingit Indians. A project she had begun in 1955, the book was finally published in 1991. In 1986, she served as a volunteer consultant archaeologist and ethnologist for the U. S. Forest Service in Alaska. In 1994, she took part in "More than Words . . ." Laura Bliss Spann's documentary on the last Eyak speaker, Maggie Smith Jones. By 2001, de Laguna was legally blind. Nevertheless, she continued working on several projects and established the Frederica de Laguna Northern Books Press to reprint out-of-print literature and publish new scholarly works on Arctic cultures.

Over her lifetime, de Laguna received several honors including her election into the National Academy Sciences in 1976, the Distinguished Service Award from AAA in 1986, and the Lucy Wharton Drexel Medal from the University of Pennsylvania in 1999. De Laguna's work, however, was respected by not only her colleagues but also by the people she studied. In 1996, the people of Yakutat honored de Laguna with a potlatch. Her return to Yakutat was filmed by Laura Bliss Spann in her documentary Reunion at Mt St. Elias: The Return of Frederica de Laguna to Yakutat.

At the age of 98, Frederica de Laguna passed away on October 6, 2004.

Sources Consulted

Darnell, Regna. "Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." American Anthropologist 107.3 (2005): 554-556.

de Laguna, Frederica. Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology. New York: W.W. Norton Co, 1977.

McClellan, Catharine. "Frederica de Laguna and the Pleasures of Anthropology." American Ethnologist 16.4 (1989): 766-785.

Olson, Wallace M. "Obituary: Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." Arctic 58.1 (2005): 89-90.
Related Materials:
Although this collection contains a great deal of correspondence associated with her service as president of AAA, most of her presidential records can be found in American Anthropological Association Records 1917-1972. Also at the National Anthropological Archives are her transcripts of songs sung by Yakutat Tlingit recorded in 1952 and 1954 located in MS 7056 and her notes and drawings of Dorset culture materials in the National Museum of Canada located in MS 7265. The Human Studies Film Archive has a video oral history of de Laguna conducted by Norman Markel (SC-89.10.4).

Related collections can also be found in other repositories. The University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania holds materials related to work that de Laguna carried out for the museum from the 1930s to the 1960s. Materials relating to her fieldwork in Angoon and Yakutat can be found in the Rasmuson Library of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks in the papers of Francis A. Riddell, a field assistant to de Laguna in the early 1950s. Original photographs taken in the field in Alaska were deposited in the Alaska State Library, Juneau. Both the Archive of Folk Culture at the Library of Congress and the American Philosophical Library have copies of her field recordings and notes. The American Museum of Natural History has materials related to her work editing George T. Emmons' manuscript. De Laguna's papers can also be found at the Bryn Mawr College Archives.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Frederica de Laguna.
Restrictions:
Some of the original field notes are restricted due to Frederica de Laguna's request to protect the privacy of those accused of witchcraft. The originals are restricted until 2030. Photocopies may be made with the names of the accused redacted.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Anthropology -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Citation:
Frederica de Laguna Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1998-89
See more items in:
Frederica de Laguna Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3363424fd-e665-498b-a37c-9f4a81302a35
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1998-89
Online Media:

William C. Sturtevant papers

Topic:
Handbook of North American Indians
Creator:
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Six Nations  Search this
Extent:
220 Linear feet (The total extent of the collection is 191.41 linear feet (consisting of 473 document boxes and 2 record boxes) plus 254 sound recordings, 94 computer disks, 42 card file boxes, 85 oversize folders, 9 rolled items, 18 binder boxes, and 3 oversize boxes. Of the total extent, 4.79 linear feet (14 boxes) are restricted.)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Realia
Research
Notes
Office files
Theses
Slides (photographs)
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Field notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Microfilms
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Memorandums
Articles
Card files
Books
Artifacts
Negatives
Date:
1952-2007
Summary:
This collection contains the professional papers of William Curtis Sturtevant and documents his activities as Curator of North American Ethnology at the National Museum of Natural History, his work as the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of North American Indians, his research among the Seminole and Iroquois people, and other professional activities. The collection is comprised of books, sound recordings, research and field notes, realia, artifacts, clippings, microfilm, negatives, slides, photographs, manuscripts, correspondence, memorandums, card files, exhibition catalogs, articles, and bibliographies.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains the professional papers of William Curtis Sturtevant and documents his activities as Curator of North American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, his work as the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of North American Indians, his research among the Seminole and Iroquois people, and his involvement in various professional activities. The collection is comprised of research and field notes, sound recordings, realia, clippings, negatives, slides, prints, published and unpublished writings, correspondence, memorandums, conference papers and meeting notes, card files, exhibition catalogs, articles, bibliographies, student files such as class notes and papers from Sturtevant's years as an anthropology student, teaching materials including lecture notes and exams, daily planners, passports, military records, artwork including prints and lithographs, maps, and computer files.

The materials in this collection document Sturtevant's career as a preeminent North American ethnologist, museum curator, university professor, his role as General Editor of the Handbook of North American Indians, and his contributions to the field of Anthropology. From his early work with the Seminole Indians of Florida to his forays into Burma, and his decades-long study of how Native Americans have been depicted in artistic and popular culture, Sturtevant's diverse intellectual interests are represented in his research files. A copious note taker, Sturtevant captured his observations and opinions of everything from meetings with colleagues to museum exhibits. Sturtevant's commitment to the anthropological profession can be found in the notes and programs of the many conferences, symposiums, and lecture series he attended and at which he presented. He also held numerous leadership positions in various professional associations and sat on the board of directors/trustees for several cultural organizations including Survival International and the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation. Sturtevant was respected for his vast knowledge of indigenous peoples and he received a voluminous amount of correspondence from colleagues who often included copies of their papers and grant proposals. He kept many of these works, which, it appears he used as reference material. Sturtevant's own work is reflected in his writings; he published over 200 scholarly papers, articles, and books.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized in 14 series: 1. Correspondence, 1951-2008; 2. Research Files, 1851, 1860s, 1880s, 1890, 1939-2006; 3. Writings, 1952-2006; 4. Professional Activities, 1952-2006; 5. Smithsonian, 1954-2008; 6. Handbook of North American Indians, 1971-2007; 7. Biographical Files, 1933-2007; 8. Student Files, 1944-1985; 9. Subject Files, 1902-2002; 10. Photographs, 1927-2004; 11. Artwork, 1699-1998; 12. Maps, 1949-1975; 13. Sound Recordings, 1950-2000; 14. Computer Files, 1987-2006.
Biographical/Historical note:
William C. Sturtevant (1926-2007), preeminent North American ethnologist, museum curator, and university professor, was best known for his contributions to Seminole ethnology, as curator of North American Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, and for his work as the general editor of the Handbook of North American Indians.

Sturtevant's passion for studying Native peoples began at a young age. In third grade "after a class on American Indians, he asked his father what kind of people study Indians, and his father replied, 'Anthropologists.' Sturtevant decided then that he would make anthropology his career" (Merrill 11). After graduating with honors from the University of California at Berkeley in 1949, Sturtevant went on to Yale University to complete his graduate work in anthropology. When it came time to decide on what area of North America he should focus his research, one of his faculty members at Yale, Irving Rouse, "suggested he consider the Seminoles of south Florida. By the end of his first fieldwork season, Sturtevant was convinced that the dearth of ethnographic information about these Seminoles and their status as one of the least acculturated of all North American Indian societies justified ethnographic research among them and offered the possibility of making an important contribution to North American ethnology" (Merrill 13). Sturtevant spent the summers of 1950 and 1951 conducting preliminary fieldwork among the Mikasuki-speaking Seminole and in 1952 he took up temporary residence at Big Cypress Reservation to undertake research for his dissertation, "The Mikasuki Seminole: Medical Beliefs and Practices." This work focused on Seminole medicine, but also included Sturtevant's analysis of Seminole worldview, religion, history, inter-ethnic relations, material culture, economy, kinship, language, and social organization.

In 1954, while he was finishing his dissertation, Sturtevant made the transition from student of anthropology to professional anthropologist. He was hired as an instructor in Yale's Anthropology Department and began his career in museum work as an assistant curator of anthropology at the Yale Peabody Museum. After receiving his PhD from Yale in 1955, Sturtevant moved on to the Smithsonian Institution, where he accepted a position as a research anthropologist at the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE). This position afforded Sturtevant the chance to continue to explore his many research interests in ways that a full time professorship or museum curatorship could not. Over the next ten years he studied the Catawba in South Carolina; the Seneca and Cayuga nations of the Iroquois League in New York, Oklahoma, and Ontario; continued his work with the Seminole; visited European museums to examine early ethnographic examples and possible European prototypes of eastern North American Indian material culture; and spent a year in Burma. In 1963, Sturtevant and his wife, Theda Maw, the daughter of a prominent Burmese family, took their three young children to Burma so that they could visit with Maw's family. Sturtevant took this as an opportunity to branch out from his Native American research and spent the year visiting neighborhoods in Rangoon and villages in the surrounding countryside, examining archival materials, studying the Burmese language, learning about Burmese clothing and other aspects of the culture, and taking photographs. He also collected 386 items of clothing and other objects for the Smithsonian.

When Sturtevant returned from Burma, he found the BAE had been dissolved. In 1965, he was transferred from the now-defunct BAE to the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), where he became curator of North American Ethnology, a position he held for the next forty-two years. During his tenure at NMNH Sturtevant oversaw all the North American ethnology collections, planned exhibitions, served on committees, and sponsored interns and fellows. One of Sturtevant's primary duties at NMNH was serving as the General Editor of the Handbook of North American Indians, "a major multi-volume reference work summarizing anthropological, linguistic, and historical knowledge about native peoples north of Mexico" (Jackson). Each volume was designed to represent a geographic or topical area of Americanist study. As General Editor, Sturtevant selected volume editors, chapter authors, oversaw office staff, and proofread manuscripts over the course of production.

Besides focusing on the Handbook, much of Sturtevant's time was taken up by responsibilities he held outside the Institution. Sturtevant was extremely involved in professional anthropological associations and held many leadership positions. Fresh out of graduate school, he began a three-year term on the Board of Governors of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1957. He later became a member of the executive committee of the Florida Anthropological Society, served as book-review editor and associate editor of the American Anthropologist from 1962-1968, was a member of the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Anthropological Research in Museums and was both vice president and president of the committee once it became the Council for Museum Anthropology, was on the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Archives, served three terms on the Board of Trustees of the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation from 1976-1982 and was appointed to a fourth term between 1984 and 1986, and sat on the Board of Directors of Survival International from 1982-1988. He was President of the American Society for Ethnohistory, the American Ethnological Society, the American Anthropological Association, and the Anthropological Society of Washington. Sturtevant also taught classes at Johns Hopkins University as an adjunct professor in the Department of Anthropology, served as a consultant on exhibits at other museums, and reviewed manuscripts for scholarly publications.

Sturtevant remained active in the profession throughout his later years. After divorcing Theda Maw in 1986, he married Sally McLendon, a fellow anthropologist, in 1990 and they undertook several research projects together. Sturtevant was recognized for his dedication and contributions to the field of anthropology in 1996 when he was awarded an honorary doctorate in humane letters by Brown University, and in 2002 when his colleagues published a festschrift in his honor, Anthropology, History, and American Indians: Essays in Honor of William Curtis Sturtevant.

Sturtevant died on March 2, 2007 at the Collingswood Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Rockville, MD after suffering from emphysema.

Sources Consulted

Estrada, Louie. 2007. William C. Sturtevant; Expert on Indians. Washington Post, March 17. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/03/16/AR2007031602273.html, accessed August 31, 2012.

Jackson, Jason Baird. 2007. William C. Sturtevant (1926-2007). http://museumanthropology.blogspot.com/2007/03/william-c-sturtevant-1926-2007.html, accessed August 31, 2012.

Merrill, William L. 2002. William Curtis Sturtevant, Anthropologist. In Anthropology, History, and American Indians: Essays in Honor of William Curtis Sturtevant. William L. Merrill and Ives Goddard, eds. Pp. 11-36. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

1926 -- Born July 26 in Morristown, NJ

1944 -- Entered the University of California at Berkeley as a second-semester freshman

1944 -- Attended summer school at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico in Mexico City where he took courses on Mexican archaeology and South American ethnology

1945 -- Drafted into the United States Navy

1946 -- Received an honorable discharge from the Navy with the rank of pharmacist's mate third class and returned to UC Berkeley

1947 -- Attended the University of New Mexico's summer field school in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico

1949 -- January: Received his Bachelor's degree with honors in anthropology from UC Berkeley

1949 -- Began graduate studies at Yale University

1950-1951 -- Spent the summers of 1950 and 1951 in Florida conducting fieldwork among the Mikasuki-speaking Seminole

1951 -- Conducted his first research study of the Iroquois, a classification of Seneca musical instruments, their construction and use, with Harold Conklin

1952 -- May: Moved to Big Cypress Reservation in Florida to conduct research for his dissertation. He focused on Seminole medicine, but also collected physical anthropological data such as blood-type frequencies, handedness, and color blindness

1952 -- July 26: Married Theda Maw

1954 -- Hired by Yale University as an instructor in the Department of Anthropology and as an assistant curator of anthropology in the Yale Peabody Museum

1955 -- Received PhD in anthropology from Yale University

1956 -- Joined the staff of the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) as a research anthropologist

1957 -- Began a three-year term on the Board of Governors of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1957 -- Traveled to Rock Hill, South Carolina to collect linguistic data from Sam Blue, the last member of the Catawba tribe to have maintained some proficiency in the Catawba language. While there, he made a small collection of Catawba pottery for the United States National Museum

1957-1958 -- Spent seven weeks continuing his research among the New York Seneca

1959 -- Returned to Florida to study Seminole ethnobotany. He also collected ethnographic materials, especially objects made for the tourist market, which he deposited in the United States National Museum

1959-1960 -- Member of the executive committee of the Florida Anthropological Society

1960 -- July and August: Visited 17 European museums to examine early ethnographic examples and possible European prototypes of eastern North American Indian material culture

1961-1962 -- Spent the summers of these years conducting ethnographic fieldwork among the Seneca-Cayuga in Oklahoma

1962 -- October: Visited the Six Nations Reserve in Ontario, Canada to conduct fieldwork among the Seneca and Cayuga there

1962-1968 -- Book-review editor and associate editor of the American Anthropologist

1963 -- October: Spent the year in Burma; visited neighborhoods in Rangoon and villages in the surrounding countryside, examined photographs in several archives, studied the Burmese language, and read extensively about the country's history and culture. Assembled notes on Burmese clothing and other aspects of the culture, took hundreds of photographs, and made a collection of 386 items of clothing and other objects for the Smithsonian

1964 -- Visited Inle Lake in the Southern Shan States southeast of Mandalay, where he examined local approaches to artificial island agriculture

1964-1981 -- Became a member of the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Anthropological Research in Museums, which became the Council for Museum Anthropology in 1974. Sturtevant was the Council's first vice president, serving two terms between 1974 and 1978, and was its president from 1978 to 1981

1965 -- Became curator of North American Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History after the dissolution of the BAE

1965-1966 -- President of the American Society for Ethnohistory

1966 -- Named the editor of the Handbook of North American Indians

1967-1968 -- Fulbright scholar and lecturer at Oxford University's Institute of Social Anthropology

1969 -- Began serving on the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Archives

1974-1989 -- Adjunct Professor in the Department of Anthropology at Johns Hopkins University

1976-1982 -- Served three terms on the Board of Trustees of the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation and was appointed to a fourth term between 1984 and 1986

1977 -- President of the American Ethnological Society

1980-1981 -- President of the American Anthropological Association

1981 -- Spent part of the spring semester at the University of California Berkeley as a Regents Lecturer

1982-1988 -- Board of Directors of Survival International

1986 -- Divorced Theda Maw

1986-1987 -- Smithsonian Fellow at Oxford University's Worcester College

1990 -- Married Sally McLendon

1992 -- President of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1996 -- Awarded an honorary doctorate in humane letters at Brown University

2007 -- Died March 2 in Rockville, MD
Related Materials:
Other materials relating to William C. Sturtevant at the National Anthropological Archives are included in the following collections:

Manuscript 4504

Manuscript 4595

Manuscript 4806

Manuscript 4821

Manuscript 4972

Manuscript 7045

Photo Lot 59

Photo Lot 79-51

Photo Lot 80-3

Photo Lot 81R

Photo Lot 86-68 (6)

Photo Lot 86-68 (7)

American Society for Ethnohistory records

Committee on Anthropological Research in Museum Records

Handbook of North American Indians records

Records of the Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History

Gordon Davis Gibson Papers, Sound Recordings

SPC Se Powhatan Confederacy Mattapony BAE No # 01790700

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04913800

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04913900

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04914000

Negative MNH 1530

Negative MNH 1530 B

Sturtevant is listed as a correspondent in the following NAA collections:

Administrative file, 1949-1965, Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology

John Lawrence Angel Papers

James Henri Howard Papers

Donald Jayne Lehmer Papers

John Victor Murra Papers

Records of the Society for American Archaeology

Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers

Waldo Rudolph Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel Papers

Copies of sound recordings made by William C. Sturtevant can be found at The California Language Archive at UC Berkeley in two collections, The William Sturtevant collection of Creek/Seminole sound recordings, which includes 31 minutes of Northern Muskogean linguistic field recordings from 1951, and The William Sturtevant collection of Mikasuki sound recordings, which includes 33 minutes of Mikasuki linguistic field recordings from 1951. Two sound tape reels of Seminole music Sturtevant recorded in Florida in 1951 can be found at Wesleyan University's World Music Archives. Folk songs on these recordings include "Scalping Sickness," "Bear Sickness with blowing," "Bear sickness without blowing," "Lullaby," "Feather Dance," "Snake Dance," and "Crazy Dance." Performers include Josie Billie, Lee Cypress, Harvey Jumper, Boy Jim, Charlie (Johnny?) Cypress, Little Tiger Tail, Billy Ossiola, and Charlie Billy Boy.
Separated Materials:
One video tape, "Seminole History and Tradition", was transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives. Series 2.2, Tukabahchee Plate: Glass negative of spectrogram from FBI (Box 135), removed for storage with other glass plate negatives.
Provenance:
These papers were transferred to the National Anthropological Archives by the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History.
Restrictions:
Files containing Sturtevant's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. Restricted files were separated and placed at the end of their respective series in boxes 87, 264, 322, 389-394, 435-436, 448, 468, and 483. For preservation reasons, his computer files are also restricted. Seminole sound recordings are restricted. Access to the William C. Sturtevant Papers requires an apointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Botany  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
History  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Realia
Research
Notes
Office files
Theses
Slides (photographs)
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Field notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Microfilms
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Memorandums
Articles
Card files
Books
Artifacts
Negatives
Citation:
William C. Sturtevant papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2008-24
See more items in:
William C. Sturtevant papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b2223e72-e872-41c5-ae7b-abd0b27eaf6a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2008-24
Online Media:

Edward J. Jay papers

Creator:
Jay, Edward J., 1931-  Search this
Extent:
11.2 Linear feet (17 boxes, 2 rolled items)
1,895 Slides
691 Photographic prints
526 Negatives
21 Sound cassettes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Photographic prints
Negatives
Sound cassettes
Manuscripts
Photographs
Sound recordings
Place:
Madhya Pradesh (India)
Chhattīsgarh (India)
Orchha (India)
Rājim (India)
Bhopal (India)
Date:
1958-2003
Summary:
The papers of Edward J. Jay, 1958-2003 consist of anthropological field notes and related material documenting his fieldwork in central India. The collection contains field notes, kinship charts and genealogies, maps, printed matter, publications and other writings, photographs (including prints, negatives, and slides), and sound recordings.
Content Description:
The papers of Edward J. Jay, 1958-2003 consist of anthropological field notes and related material from his fieldwork in central India. The collection documents four separate research projects: a tribal village study among the Hill Maria Gonds of Orchha, Madya Pradesh (1958-1960); a multi-caste peasant village study in Paragaon, Chhattisgarh, (1967-1968); a town study of Rajim, a regional Hindu temple and pilgrammage center in Chhattisgarh; and a study of Indian middle class life among senior managers and their families at the Bharat Heavy Electricals (BHEL) plant and the related community in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh (1989-1990). The collection contains field notes, kinship charts and genealogies, maps, printed matter, publications and other writings, photographs (including prints, negatives, and slides), and sound recordings. Video recordings containing raw and edited footage of scenes in Paragaon, Rajim, and Nawa Para Rajim, including scneice of work, agriculture and religious rituals are available through the Human Studies Film Archive.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into 3 series: (1) Field notes and printed matter, 1958-2003; (2) Photographs, 1958-1990; and (3) Sound recordings, 1967-1978.
Biographical / Historical:
Edward J. Jay was born on May 7, 1931 in Brooklyn, New York. He earned a B.A. in Anthropology-Sociology from Queens College in 1952, and an MA and PhD in Anthropology from the University of Chicago in 1957 and 1963, respectively. He was Professor of Anthropology at California State University, Hayward from 1964-1992 and conducted fieldwork in various towns and villages in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, India from 1958-1990.
Separated Materials:
Videorecordings have been transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives (HSFA accession 2022-03).
Provenance:
Received from Edward J. Jay in 2016.
Restrictions:
The Edward J. Jay papers are open for research.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings.

Digital media in the collection is restricted for preservation reasons.

Access to the Edward J. Jay papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Photographs
Sound recordings
Citation:
Edward J. Jay papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2017-09
See more items in:
Edward J. Jay papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3dda3a844-48c6-49c8-9b43-34646e87131e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2017-09

MS 2794 Fox stories by various authors collected by Truman Michelson

Creator:
Sakihtanohkweha, 1875-1957  Search this
Peters, Sam, 1885-  Search this
Peters, Jim, 1866-  Search this
Papakie, Charlie  Search this
Mamasaw, Jim  Search this
Tesson, Joe, Jr.  Search this
Shapochiwa  Search this
Bullard, Jack  Search this
Chuck, C.H.  Search this
Kiyana, Alfred, 1877-1918  Search this
Lasley, Lucy  Search this
Leaf, Bill  Search this
Lincoln, Harry  Search this
Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Extent:
2.08 Linear feet (5 boxes)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Large collection of stories handwritten in Meskwaki (Fox) syllabary by various authors. These were collected by Truman Michelson in Tama, Iowa. The writers include Alfred Kiyana, Jack Bullard, C.H. Chuck, Bill Leaf, Sakihtanohkweha (Mrs. Bill Leaf), Joe Tesson Jr., Shapochiwa, Harry Lincoln, Jim Peters, Sam Peters, Charles Papakie, Lucy Lasley, and possibly Jim Mamasaw. The other writers are unidentified. Only a rough English translation of one of the stories is present.
Locl Numbers:
NAA MS 2794-a; NAA MS 2794-b
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Meskwaki; Sauk & Fox  Search this
Meskwaki; Sauk and Fox  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Citation:
Manuscript 2794 a-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2794
See more items in:
MS 2794 Fox stories by various authors collected by Truman Michelson
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw309df880d-2066-48b0-9e4f-98f24bacd6e3
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2794

MS 2994 Arapaho notes and texts collected by Truman Michelson

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Crispin, Charles  Search this
Extent:
54 Pages
Culture:
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Field notes
Vocabulary
Date:
1926
Scope and Contents:
Notebook containing Truman Michelson's handwritten Arapaho field notes. His notes are primarily linguistic and include Arapaho vocabulary with English translations. There are also some ethnological notes as well as texts in Arapaho with interlineal and free English translations. Charles Crispin served as his interpreter.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2994
Local Note:
Title changed from "Vocabulary; some ethnology" 5/20/2014.
Topic:
Arapaho language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Field notes
Vocabulary
Citation:
Manuscript 2994, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2994
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw382e92976-d311-4dfb-adc8-c71bfdf67269
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2994
Online Media:

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