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Zuni Olla Maidens 1

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-11-18T15:50:40.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
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SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Xghe46FfqM4

Zuni Olla Maidens 4

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-11-18T15:50:40.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
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SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_a9IgEnJItn8

Zuni Olla Maidens 3

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-11-18T15:50:40.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
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SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_cTqp1IUSKOg

Zuni Olla Maidens 2

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-11-18T15:50:40.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
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SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_qUJD95GmcsE

Zuni Olla Maidens 5

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-11-18T15:50:40.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_wclJ8mrxu3M

A Conversation with Alice Waters - National Portrait Gallery

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2012-03-15T20:15:32.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_iq6eQ7YgHDg
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View A Conversation with Alice Waters - National Portrait Gallery digital asset number 1

Patterns of Health and Wellbeing 02: Opening Remarks and Keynote

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Symposia
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-04-29T19:28:45.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
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SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_1u2yy5UJfPQ

MS 2038 Matilda Coxe Stevenson papers related to Zuni pottery

Creator:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Extent:
26 Pages
8 Photographs (black and white)
Container:
Box 2037 / 2038, Folder 4-6
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Photographs
Drawings
Place:
North America
Date:
1896
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of notes, sketches and photographs related to Zuni pottery created and collected by Matilda Coxe Stevenson. Included are sketches of a painted tablet, katchinas, petroglyphs, and cloud and rain symbols on pottery; a list of photographs taken by Stevenson; and photographs of pottery in United States National Museum, probably used for reference in study of cloud and rain symbols.

Two pages of notes entitled "Cloud and Rain Symbols" contain a list of United States National Museum Catalog Numbers and a reference to the "Gates Expedition of 1901, by Walter Hough;" the Catalog Numbers refer to pottery in the United States National Museum collections. The list of photographs does not refer to the photographs of pottery in this collection; it mentions 2 photographs of "Ka'ka'ma south base of To'wa yal lanne [Corn Mountain], several of plants and flowers, and 2 of the informant Nai'uchi. The photographs may be in the Matilda Coxe Stevenson photographs, 1882-1914 (Photo Lot 23).

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Biographical Note:
Matilda Coxe Stevenson (1849-1915; though her birth year is often erroneously listed as 1850) was the first woman to study the American Southwest and the first (and for a long time the only) female anthropologist hired by the US government. Born Matilda Coxe Evans in 1849 in San Augustine, Texas, Stevenson was brought to Washington, D.C., as an infant. She was educated at Miss Anable's English, French, and German School in Philadelphia and through private studies with her father and Dr. William M. Mew of the Army Medical Museum. In 1872 she married James Stevenson, a geologist with the US Geological Survey of the Territories. From 1872-1878, Matilda joined James on Ferdinand V. Hayden's geological surveys to Colorado, Idaho, Wyoming, and Utah, and assisted him by compiling geological data. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was created in 1879, Matilda Stevenson was appointed "volunteer coadjutor [sic] in ethnology" and she went with James on his BAE expeditions to the Southwest.

After James Stevenson's death in 1888, BAE Director John Wesley Powell hired Matilda Stevenson to organize her husband's notes. In 1889, Stevenson became regular BAE staff. From 1890 to 1907, Stevenson did substantial individual fieldwork at Zuni and published "The Zuni Indians: Their Mythology, Esoteric Fraternities, and Ceremonies" in the Bureau of American Ethnology's Twenty-Third Annual Report (1901-2). Starting in 1904, Stevenson conducted comparative studies at Zia, Jemez, San Juan, Cochiti, Nambe, Picarus, Tesuque, Santa Clara, San Ildefonso, and Taos. In 1907 she purchased a ranch (Ton'yo) near San Ildefonso, which became her base for fieldwork. Stevenson died in Maryland on June 24, 1915.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2038
Variant Title:
Notes and sketches
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Matilda Coxe Stevenson's papers in MS 4689.

The Smithsonian Institution Collections and Archives Program's Cross-Collections Guide to Matilda Coxe Stevenson, written by Abby Clouse-Radigan, PhD, provides information on object collections related to Stevenson, as well as additional biographical information and notes on Stevenson's correspondence in the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pottery  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
MS 2038 Matilda Coxe Stevenson papers related to Zuni pottery, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2038
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3369dcda9-a58b-4378-a8ed-36656ff9060c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2038
Online Media:

MS 2037 Drawings of ceremonial dry paintings

Collector:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Artist:
Unknown  Search this
Extent:
4 Drawings (pencil and watercolor)
Container:
Box 2037 / 2038, Folder 1-3
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Drawings
Works of art
Place:
North America
Date:
1897-1904
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of four (4) drawings of Zuni dry paintings, or sandpaintings, collected by Matilda Coxe Stevenson.

A note on one of the drawings reads: "drawn by Nick; described by Nick in Great Fire Society." A description of the dry painting which this drawing illustrates was published in Stevenson, Matilada C. "The Zuni Indians: Their Mythology, Esoteric Fraternities, and Ceremonies," Twenty-third Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1901-1902. (1904) 507.

The remaining three drawing are unidentified. Two of the drawings represent the same design, but there is no identification of the artist or the ceremony in which the painting is used. All three of the unidentified drawings resemble the drawing by Nick in style and in details of the design.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Historical Note:
Sand paintings were made by the Zuni and Navajo as part of healing rituals or ceremonies. The artist would use naturally colored grains of sand, pouring them by hand to create elaborate "paintings."
Biographical Note:
Matilda Coxe Stevenson (1849-1915; though her birth year is often erroneously listed as 1850) was the first woman to study the American Southwest and the first (and for a long time the only) female anthropologist hired by the US government. Born Matilda Coxe Evans in 1849 in San Augustine, Texas, Stevenson was brought to Washington, D.C., as an infant. She was educated at Miss Anable's English, French, and German School in Philadelphia and through private studies with her father and Dr. William M. Mew of the Army Medical Museum. In 1872 she married James Stevenson, a geologist with the US Geological Survey of the Territories. From 1872-1878, Matilda joined James on Ferdinand V. Hayden's geological surveys to Colorado, Idaho, Wyoming, and Utah, and assisted him by compiling geological data. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was created in 1879, Matilda Stevenson was appointed "volunteer coadjutor [sic] in ethnology" and she went with James on his BAE expeditions to the Southwest.

After James Stevenson's death in 1888, BAE Director John Wesley Powell hired Matilda Stevenson to organize her husband's notes. In 1889, Stevenson became regular BAE staff. From 1890 to 1907, Stevenson did substantial individual fieldwork at Zuni and published "The Zuni Indians: Their Mythology, Esoteric Fraternities, and Ceremonies" in the Bureau of American Ethnology's Twenty-Third Annual Report (1901-2). Starting in 1904, Stevenson conducted comparative studies at Zia, Jemez, San Juan, Cochiti, Nambe, Picarus, Tesuque, Santa Clara, San Ildefonso, and Taos. In 1907 she purchased a ranch (Ton'yo) near San Ildefonso, which became her base for fieldwork. Stevenson died in Maryland on June 24, 1915.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2037

INV 08631001

INV 08631002

INV 11014800

INV 11014900
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Matilda Coxe Stevenson's papers in MS 4689.

The Smithsonian Institution Collections and Archives Program's Cross-Collections Guide to Matilda Coxe Stevenson, written by Abby Clouse-Radigan, PhD, provides information on object collections related to Stevenson, as well as additional biographical information and notes on Stevenson's correspondence in the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sandpaintings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Drawings
Citation:
MS 2037 Drawings of ceremonial dry paintings, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2037
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw365808f45-4976-4011-af88-82ab8f0a7909
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2037

Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection

Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Extent:
3,710 Photographic prints (29 photograph albums)
3 Linear feet
1430 Negatives (photographic) (acetate)
325 Lantern slides (colored)
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Osage  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oklahoma Seminole  Search this
Quapaw  Search this
Miami [Oklahoma]  Search this
Wyandotte [Oklahoma]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Pechanga Band Luiseño  Search this
Rincon Band Luiseño  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Bering Strait Inupiaq  Search this
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Lantern slides
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Utah
Alaska
Oklahoma
Washington
Florida
Montana
Arizona
Arkansas
Missouri
North Carolina
Minnesota
New Mexico
California
Date:
1880-1928
bulk 1899-1909
Summary:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes photographic negatives, photo albums, lantern slides, journals, scrapbooks and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909. Initially assigned as a revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation and later as an Indian Inspector reviewing boarding schools, Frank's assignments took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities shooting photographs and taking notes.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes 1430 photographic negatives, 29 photo albums containing 3710 photographic prints, 325 lantern slides, and 3 linear feet of journals, scrapbooks, and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909.

Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903, includes 11 photo albums and 357 negatives from Frank Churchill's original assignment as revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation. Locations include Indian Territory (Oklahoma) [bulk], Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Arkansas, and Missouri. The Native communities visited and photographed in this series include— Oklahoma Cherokee, Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek), Quapaw, Osage, Miami, Wyandotte [Oklahoma], Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), Winnebago [Nebraska], Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma], Ponca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Oto, Sioux [Crow Creek], Kaw (Kansa), Chickasaw, Modoc, Kiowa, Choctaw.

Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1903-1907, includes 9 photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).

Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905), includes four photograph albums and 71 negatives from Frank Churchill's appointment as special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska in the summer and fall of 1905. Two of the albums were not made by the Churchills. The first of these (Box 20) includes photographs by William Hamilton and the second (Box 21) includes photographs by W. T. Lopp. Locations in Alaska include St. Lawrence Island, Nuwukmiut/Point Barrow, Teller, Diomedes Islands, Nome, Kotzebue, Wrangell, Port Clarence Bay, Unalaska Island and Baranof Island. There are a number of photographs aboard the U.S. Cutter "Bear" and aboard the mailboat "Georgia." Native communities photographed include—Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo), Bering Strait Inupiaq [Diomedes], Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), Tlingit.

Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909, includes five photograph albums and 163 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment at Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations in the Southwest (Arizona and Utah) on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in Series 3. Locations include Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota and Florida. Native communities visited and photographed include-Diné (Navajo), Hopi Pueblo, Kaibab Paiute, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan), Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe], Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Seminole. There is restricted material in Box 23 (Album P23380).

Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vacation, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials, 1898-1913, includes four photograph albums from vacations and other visits made by the Churchills unrelated to Frank's activities as Indian Inspector.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928 (bulk 1899-1909), includes three linear feet of materials arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1, Clara Churchill, includes 16 journals, 12 scrapbooks and various other manuscript materials written and accumulated by Clara Churchill during their travels. Many of the journals include personal writings as well as several photographs that are duplicated in the photograph albums. The journals and scrapbooks encompass the full range of the Churchills' travels and include notes from Indian Territory, Southwest, Midwest, Southeast, Plains and Alaska. Subseries 6.2, Colonel Frank C. Churchill, includes official documents around Churchill's assignments as well as the reports Frank submitted back to the Secretary of the Interior (Box 41 and 42). Subseries 6.3, Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous, includes catalogs and other notes related to the large collection of Native American objects amassed by Frank and Clara. Clara also collected other items such as shells, minerals, and sand.

Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, includes 325 hand colored glass lantern slides. These were made by the Churchills from existing negatives and used for lectures. Lantern slides #1-#121 include views photographed in Alaska in 1905. Sldes #122-#325 include an assortment of views from Oklahoma (Indian Territory), Nebraska, Montana, Minnesota, California, Arizona and New Mexico photographed between 1900 and 1909.
Arrangement:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection has been arranged in seven series by material type and then chronologically. The first five series are then divided into subseries by "Photo Albums" and "Negatives." These include--Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903; Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1907-1907; Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905-1905); Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909; Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vaction, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928, is arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1: Clara G. Churchill, Subseries 6.2: Frank C. Churchill, and Subseries 6.3: Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous. Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, is arranged in orginal number order from the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Carroll Churchill was born August 2, 1850 to Benjamin P. Churchill and Susanna Thompson in West Fairlee, Vermont. Frank was educated at Thetford Academy in Thetford, VT and worked as a clerk for D.C. Churchill & Co. in Lyme, NH between 1869-1870. Between 1870 and 1877, Churchill was employed by H.W. Carter as a wholesale merchant in Lebanon, New Hampshire. During this time, Churchill met Clara Corser Turner and they were married on June 11, 1874.

Clara G. (Turner) Churchill was born December 16, 1851, to Colonel Francis H. Corser and Sarah Hook (Perkins) Corser. Colonel Corser and his wife died young, and Clara was adopted by George and Abby H. Turner of Concord, New Hampshire. In 1877, in association with William S. Carter, Frank Churchill opened the business "Carter & Churchill" which was in this business for 21 years. Churchill held various political offices from 1879-91. He served as chairman of the Republican town committee of Lebanon and of the Republican State committee in 1890 and 1891. He served on the staff of Governor Natt Head in 1879 and 1880, with the rank of Colonel. He was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation at the Republican National Convention which nominated President Harrison and represented the Fourth District in the Executive Council in 1889-1890 during the administration of Governor David. H. Goodell.

In 1899 Frank was appointed revenue inspector for the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory and was later appointed a special agent for the Interior Department to formulate a system of public schools in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and across the Southwest. In 1905, he was appointed special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska and was reappointed Indian Inspector between 1905-1909. In 1909, Churchill resigned due to failing health and died November 5, 1912. Clara accompanied Frank on all his travels between 1899 and 1909 (see below chronology for full details) maintaining journals and writing articles for publication in "WHAT." Clara was also a painter, producing watercolors and hand-painting many of the photographs she and Frank made on their travels. Following Frank's death, Clara maintained their collection of Native artifacts and photographs in their home in Lebanon, New Hampshire. Clara died April 16, 1945, bequeathing the full collection to Dartmouth College.
Frank Churchill's assignments as Special agent and Indian Inspector from 1899-1909 took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities. For more details, see the chronology below.

Travels in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and other assignments, 1899-1903

1899, June 29 -- Churchills arrive in Muskogee, Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

1899, July-October -- Visit to Fort Gibson, Tahlequah, Sallisaw, and Vinita (Indian Territory/Oklahoma). Visit to Noel and South west City, Missouri. Visit to Chelsea and Coffeyville, Kansas. Visit to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

1899, November -- Visit Tahlequah while the Cherokee Nation legislature was in session.

1899, December -- Travel in Colorado.

1900, March -- Return to Muskogee and Fort Gibson.

1900, Sept 17-Oct 5 -- Dawes Commission in Vinita.

1901, Mar-Apr 3 -- Visit to the Quapaw Agency, Wyandotte Reservation and school, Modoc reservation and the town of Miami.

1901, April -- Visit to Denison, Texas. Visit to Checotah, Eufaula, South McAlester (Choctaw nation).

1901, Summer -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1901, October -- Visit to Tishomingo, seat of government of the Chickasaws.

1902, January -- Trip to the Chickasaw Nation Visit to Anadarko, Indian Agency of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Fort Sill, Wichita Mountains, and Lawton.

1902, May -- Frank is dispatched to Sioux City, Iowa.

1902, May-June -- Visit to Winnebago Agency, Omaha Agency, Santee Agency.

1902, July -- Visit to St. Paul, Minnesota and Eau Claire, Wisconsin, (Chippewa Falls). Frank is sent to Sulphur Springs, Texas, to author a report.

1902, August -- Churchills return to Muskogee, IT.

1902, September-October -- Trip to White Eagle, Ponca Agency for a month. Visit to Otoe school, Pawnee School, Shawnee, Sac and Fox reservations.

1902, November-December -- Visit to Crow Creek Agency.

1903, January -- Return to Sulpher Springs, Texas.

1903, March -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1903, April -- Visit to Colorado.

1903, May-October -- Visit to 23 towns in Oklahoma (IT) with the Secretary of the Interior.

Travels in New Mexico, Arizona and California, 1903-1905

1903, November -- Frank receives orders to proceed to Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico.

1903, December 9 -- Visit to Zuni, followed by Canyon de Chelly, Hubbell's Ranch, Keams Canyon.

1903, December 21 -- Visit to Hopi Pueblo. Walpi, Polacca Day School, Oraibi, Shumopavi (Shungopavi/Songoopavi), Shipaulovi (Supawlavi) and Mishongnovi (Musungnuvi).

1903, December 28 -- Visit to Fort Defiance.

1904, January -- Travel in New Mexico. Visit to Gallup, Laguna Pueblo, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Albuquerque, Isleta Pueblo, Santa Fe, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo).

1904, February -- Visit to Sacaton, Akimel O'odham (Pima) Reservation and Casa Grande ruins in Arizona.

1904, March -- Visit to Lehi Day School, Salt River Day School, Phoenix Indian School, Gila River Crossing Day School and Maricopa Day School, Arizona.

1904, March 10-26 -- Visit to Fort Mojave and Chemehuevi.

1904, March 30-April -- Visit to Riverside, California, Sherman Institute and Perris School. Side trip to Yuma, Arizona.

1905, January-February -- Visit to Sulphur, IT.

1905, March -- Visit to Mescalero Apache Agency, San Carlos Apache Agency, Geronimo Settlement, Rice Station School at Talkalai.

1905, April 10-20 -- Return to Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. Visit to San Jacinto, Perris, Saboba, Cahuilla, San Manuella (Band of Mission Indians), Coachella, Torres Reservation, Martinez Reservation Day School, Cabazon Reservation, Protrero Reservation and Day School.

1905, April 22-May -- Visit to Temecula, Pechanga Day School, Pala Mission, Campo Reservation, Mission of San Luis Rey, Rincon Day School, Mesa Grande School, Santa Ysabel (Diegueno), Volcan Mountain Day School.

Travels in Alaska, 1905

1905, June -- Frank receives an assignment in Alaska.

1905, July -- Board the U.S. Revenue Cutter "Bear" in Nome. Visit to Reindeer Station in Teller, Cape Prince of Wales, Kotzebue Sound, Cape Thompson, Point Hope and Point Barrow.

1905, August -- Visit to Wainwright Inlet, return to Nome. Visit to Anvil Creek, Gologin (Golovin) Bay, St. Lawrence Island, Pribilof Islands (Seal Islands), St. George, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska.

1905, September -- Board the "Dora" anchored near Belkofski, Cold Bay, Karluk, Afgonak, and Kodiak. Stop in Homer, Seldovia and Seward. Visit to Sitka.

1905, September 28 -- Board the steamer "Georgia" to Juneau and Skagway via Hoonah.

1905, October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Wisconsin, California and Utah, 1906-1907

1906, March-April -- Re-assigned to Southwest and arrive in Tucson, Arizona. Visit to San Xavier Mission, Tohono O'odham (Papago) reservation, Casa Grande, Sacaton, Maricopa, Gila Crossing, Salt River and Phoenix schools.

1906, May -- Return to New Mexico to visit Gallup and Zuni Day School.

1906, June -- Visit to St, Paul, Minnesota and the White Earth (Ojibwe) reservation and Wild Rice River School in Boliere.

1906, July -- Visit to Ashland, Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles, Hayward, and Lac de Flambeau (La Pointe Agency.

1906, July-September -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1906, September -- Visit to Fond du Lac (Winnebago Lake), Wabeno, and Carter, Wisconsin.

1906, October -- Visit to Phlox, Wausau, Minocqua, Star Lake, Bark River and Wausaukee, Wisconsin.

1906, November-December -- Visit to Keshena (Green Bay Indian School), Menominee Reservation and Ashland, Wisconsin.

1906, December-January -- Stay in Washington, DC.

1907, February -- Return to Albuquerque, New Mexico.

1907, March -- Visit to Santa Fe and various Pueblos (Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildefonso, Ohkay Owingeh [San Juan], Toas and Picuris).

1907, April -- Return to Albuquerque, visit to Pueblos (Isleta, Laguna, Mesita, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Seama).

1907, April -- Visit to Phoenix, Arizona (Phoenix Indian School), Fort McDowell and Salt River Day School.

1907, May -- Visit to Sacaton, Maricopa, Casa Grande, and Yuma, Arizona.

1907, June -- Visit to Riverside (Sherman Institute), and Pomona, California.

1907, June-July -- Travel to Salt Lake City, Utah. Visit Panguitch, Orton, Kanab, Escalante and Marysvale, Utah.

1907, July-August -- Return to Arizona. Visit Flagstaff, Tuba Indian School, as well as Hopi Pueblo (Walpi, Moencopi, and Oraibi).

1907, September-October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in North Carolina, Montana and Florida, 1907-1909

1907, October 22 -- Assigned to Cherokee, North Carolina, to make a new roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee.

1907, November -- Arrive in Cherokee, North Caolina.

1908, February -- Visit to Robbinsville and Big Cove

1908, April -- Cherokee council meeting regarding Churchill's new roll.

1908, May -- Completes assignment in North Carolina.

1908, June-September -- Return to Washington, DC and Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1908, September-October -- Trip to Montana. Visit to Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Harlem, Fort Belknap and Fort Peck.

1908, November -- Visit to Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Wahpeton, and Fort Totten, North Dakota.

1908, December -- Visit to Morris, Minnesota.

1909, January -- Trip to Washington, DC for the inauguration of President Taft.

1909, February -- Visit to Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

1909, March-April -- Trip to Florida. Visit to Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, Gainesville, and St. Augustine.

1909, May -- Visit to Soco Creek and Cherokee, North Carolina.

1909, July -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1909, August -- Resignation as Indian Inspector.
Related Materials:
A large collection of Native American cultural objects and archaeology bequeathed by Clara Churchill can still be found at the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Provenance:
Frederick Dockstader, former director of the Museum of the American Indian (MAI), Heye Foundation, illegally removed the majority of the photographs (photo albums, negatives) and manuscript material (journals, reports) from the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College in 1955, before depositing them at the MAI. Those materials were officially gifted to NMAI in 2018 by the Hood Museum. Additional materials from the Churchill collection that remained at the Hood Museum (lantern slides, photographs, scrapbooks, journals) were donated in 2020. These materials have been noted in the finding aid.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45e31a2d8-afd7-4320-96c7-1f596f51c142
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-058
Online Media:

Matsaki Black-on-Buff Sherds, Prehistoric Southwestern Pottery Fragments

Discipline:
Anthropology  Search this
Region:
US Southwest (NM, AZ, UT, NV)  Search this
Material:
Ceramic, Paint
Culture:
Zuni  Search this
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Hawikuh, North America, United States, New Mexico, Cibola County
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
USNM Number:
EO2495
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3df2864ed-78b7-4fef-8fd3-549386986a65
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10000500
Online Media:

Zuni Ware Sherds, Prehistoric Southwestern Pottery Fragments

Discipline:
Anthropology  Search this
Region:
US Southwest (NM, AZ, UT, NV)  Search this
Material:
Ceramic, Paint
Culture:
Zuni  Search this
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Hawikuh, North America, United States, New Mexico, Cibola County
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
USNM Number:
EO2501
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3b9269f21-c5aa-4a22-9a38-d90fd6001989
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10000506
Online Media:

MS 1760 Drawing of Zuni dancers wearing masks

Collector:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Annotator:
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Drawings
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Drawn by a Zuni Indian, on inside cover torn from McNalley's System Geography.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1760
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 1760, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1760
See more items in:
MS 1760 Drawing of Zuni dancers wearing masks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw307040684-355f-48c8-992a-24281cba1d98
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1760
Online Media:

Zuni Dancers Wearing Masks Drawing

Collection Collector:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Collection Annotator:
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (leaf )
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
n.d
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08654900

NAA MS 1760
Local Note:
drawing
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1760, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1760 Drawing of Zuni dancers wearing masks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw374996c1a-1aaf-4c91-9f39-fd46c9f2472b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1760-ref1

MS 2040 Drawing of five kachinas

Artist:
Unknown  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (crayon and pencil, 17.75 x 7 inches)
Container:
Item 2040
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Drawings
Works of art
Place:
North America
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of pencil and crayon of drawings of Zuni kachinas by an unknown artist. The drawings were made on three sheets of paper from an art instruction book. The pages have been stitched together with thread.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2040

NAA INV 08660300
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Drawings
Citation:
MS 2040 Drawing of five kachinas, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2040
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ce9fb209-2fae-40c9-99d6-855ba1baf2b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2040
Online Media:

MS 2044 Tempera drawings of kachinas and animal figures

Creator:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Extent:
6 Drawings
Container:
Box 2044
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Drawings
Works of art
Place:
North America
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of six (6) drawings created or collected by Frank Hamilton Cushing. Four of the drawings are cut-outs depicting animals and a kachina. Two of the drawings are on lined paper and depict the Saiyatasha kachina.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Biographical Note:
Frank Hamilton Cushing (1857-1900) was curator of the ethnological department of the United States National Museum and an ethnologist for the Bureau of American Ethnology (1876-circa 1886), best known for his work at Zuni.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2044
Variant Title:
Drawings of human and animal figures
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Drawings
Citation:
MS 2044 Drawings of kachinas and animal figures, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2044
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw358a951fa-345f-4191-8440-9b9eabdcaa8f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2044

Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
9 Photograph albums
832 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1903-1907
Scope and Contents:
Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest, 1903-1907, includes nine photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, Series 2
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4343f34d8-564c-43d3-85ee-36568667bf48
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref11

Zuni, Hopi, Navajo (Dine), Various Pueblos and Other Views in New Mexico and Arizona

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph album
190 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 9
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Hopi  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photograph albums
Photographic prints
Date:
1903 December-1904 March
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 190 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill between December 1903 and March 1904 and later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill. The majority of the photographs were taken among the A:shiwi (Zuni), Hopi, Navajo (Dine), Akimel O'odham (Pima) and Pueblo peoples of New Mexico during the first four months Frank Churchill was assigned as U.S. Indian Inspector to visit Indian day schools and boarding schools in Arizona and New Mexico. See album P23376 for additional photographs taken at the same locations during this time.

Photographs at Zuni include—General Pueblo views; houses; ovens; children; women firing pottery; and a mother with her child on a cradleboard. There are also photographs of bead maker "Zuni Dick" (Tsinahe/Tsanahe), Zuni Governer Lazaleo [sp?], School Superintendent D.D. Graham with Mrs. Churchill and field matron Miss Julie Palen. Photographs in Arizona and among the Navajo include—Hay Stacks and the U.S. Indian School at Fort Defiance; Father Haile (Franciscan Friar) at St. Michael's school; Hubbells Ranch in Ganado; U.S. Indian School in Keams Canyon (at Christmas); Navajo visitors on horseback; views of the Grand Canyon and various desert views.

Additional photographs in and around Phoenix, AZ include—The Phoenix Indian School; Lehi Day School; Salt River Day School; an irrigation ditch being worked on near Sacaton (Akimel O'odham); and Gila Crossing. The majority of the Akimel O'odham photographs taken in Sacaton during this time period are in albums P23352 and P23371. Photographs in Hopi were taken in in Oraibi, Walpi, and other villages. Oraibi photographs include—the Oraibi day school; school students; field matron Miss Keith; School superintendent Charles E. Burton; a family near the school; wicker basket weavers; and views of the Village. Additional Hopi photographs include—building a house in Walpi; the Toreva Day School; and various village views.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23360
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin / 2.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4489822c4-9339-4b8a-a919-b0cdd35bc920
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref42

Sacaton (Akimel O'odham/Pima) and Fort Mojave (Arizona), Zuni (New Mexico), Riverside (California), White Earth Agency (Minnesota), and Other views in Arizona, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph album
207 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 11
Culture:
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa [White Earth, Minnesota]  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photograph albums
Photographic prints
Place:
Riverside (Calif.)
Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation (Wis.)
Date:
1904 February-March
1906 March-July
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 207 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill in February-March 1904 and March-July 1906, with the bulk being taken in 1903 and 1904. The album was later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill. The majority of the photographs were taken in Sacaton (Arizona) among the Akimel O'Odham (Pima), Fort Mojave Indian Reservation (Arizona), Riverside (California), White Earth Agency (Minnesota) and several locations in Wisconsin during Frank Churchill's assignment as U.S. Indian Inspector to visit Indian day schools and boarding schools. There are also a small amount of photographs at other locations in Arizona, New Mexico and California.

The photographs taken in and around Sacaton, on the Gila River Indian Reservation, were made in February 1904 and March 1906 on two different visits. The 1904 photographs include—Images from Issue Day; Indian Agency Building; Kee's (Ki) Tohono O'odham homes; giant cacti; Sawtooth Mountain views; Mrs. Churchill and Mrs. Alexander in a Pima grain basket; School Superintendent J.B. Alexander and wife and Gila Crossing Day School; Casa Blanca petroglyphs; Sacaton water supply. The 1906 photographs include—Superintendent J.B. Alexander with S.M. McCowan and Frank Churchill; Williams and Dr. Marden; Girls' dormitory and girl students at the "Indian Trading School," the boarding school in Sacaton; boys at the school and outdoor classes; M. Scott Smith; Mr. Crouse (trader); Superintendent Alexander, Mr. McCowan, Miss Chingian, Miss Squier and Mrs. Chuchill; Indian Agency offices; views on issue day; Gila River during floods; Bapchule church; fake petroglyphs made by Frank Churchill; and additional views of Sacaton and its surrounding area. Additional views around Phoenix include—an Apache camp outside of Phoenix; Salt River Day School; and the Mission at Gila Crossing.

Photographs from the Fort Mojave (Mohave) reservation and its surrounding area include—Class in gardening at the Fort Mojave Indian School; views of the reservation; views of the Indian School; Gold Road Mine (25 miles east of Fort Mojave); and Needles, California, across the Colorado River. There are also photographs of a trip to the Chemehuevi camp in California with Claude Compton (Trader). Photographs from Riverside, California and the surrounding area include—Views at the Sherman Institute (the Indian School on Magnolia Avenue); morning inspection; students on parade; views of the Perris school (before it was closed); and orange groves and rose gardens. There are also photographs in Banning, California. Additional photographs in Arizona include—views in Yuma; San Xavier Mission and ruins on the Santa Cruz River near Tucson; and Needle Rock near Prescott. There are a small amount of A:shiwi (Zuni) photographs from 1906 which include—Building of the Zuni dam; view of the Zuni school and several Pueblo views.

Photographs from Minnesota, taken among the Minnesota Chippewa include— White Earth Agency buildings; White Earth Indian School; and bark tipis; and the Wild Rice Indian School with condemned property. There are many photographs of the 38th annual June 14th celebration which include dancers, drummers, a barbecue and Chief Wadena (Minnesota Chippewa). Photographs from Wisconsin include—Ashland, Lac Courte Oreilles (Lake Superior Chippewa); Grind Stone Lake; Bad River Reservation; Logging and lumber facilities; Lac du Flambeau; Mr. Ferry's Farm and Island near Carter, Wisconsin.

Many photographs in this album do not have corresponding negatives.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23352
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin / 2.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv46c7fc27f-f5ab-48f9-9cdf-fd42c9cae87f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref43

Zuni, Hopi, Navajo (Dine), Various Pueblos and Other Views in New Mexico and Arizona

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph album
85 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 10
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photograph albums
Photographic prints
Date:
1903-1907
1903 December
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 85 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill between December 1903 and 1906, with the bulk being taken in 1903 and 1904. The album was later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill. The majority of the photographs were taken among the A:shiwi (Zuni), Hopi, Navajo (Dine), and Pueblo peoples of New Mexico during Frank Churchill's assignment as U.S. Indian Inspector to visit Indian day schools and boarding schools in Arizona and New Mexico. See album P23360 for additional photographs taken at the same locations during this time.

Zuni photographs were taken in December 1903 and May 1906 include—Frank Cushing house; Mrs. Churchill sketching; School Superintendent D.D. Graham's office; Graham selling/buying beads and surrounded by children; bead maker "Zuni Dick" (Tsinahe/Tsanahe) making beads; new Zuni school (built in 1905); women carrying water; Navajo visitors for the Shaliko dance; various views of the pueblo including ovens, houses, waffle gardens, church ruins and sheep corrals. Additional views of Zuni include Toyalone Mountain in the background. Photographs in Arizona and among the Navajo include—Hubbells ranch in Ganado; Charles Watchman and his wife in Fort Defiance; Keams Canyon Indian School on Christmas Day (1903). Photographs in Hopi were taken in Oraibi, Walpi, and other villages. Oraibi photographs include—Hopi man spinning cotton; Basket weavers; children putting on their shoes; woman with children. Additional Hopi photographs include—Woman carrying a bundle of clay for pottery; views of children and houses in Walpi; a young woman with "butterfly whorl" hairdressing.

Photographs in Isleta Pueblo include—Chili peppers drying; women with pottery; old mission church; Isleta Indian School children; Miss Turner (teacher) with boy pupils; Mary Maruja (Isleta Pueblo); Mary Chiwiwii (Isleta Pueblo), a pottery maker; and Pueblo game "Tash-a-le-way." Additional Pueblo photographs include—views in Acoma, Chemita and Jemez Pueblos; Pedro Cajete and his daughter in K'apovi (Santa Clara); and corn grinding in Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23376
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin / 2.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv444856ee3-44e8-42de-9455-123f73622c63
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref44

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