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Kiowa drawing, possibly by Koba or Etahdleuh, of three mounted men with shields

Artist:
Kobay, (Comanche chief)  Search this
Etahdleuh, 1856-1888  Search this
Names:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Collection Artist:
Doanmoe, Etahdleuh, 1856-1888  Search this
Kobay, (Comanche chief)  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, watercolor, and ink on unruled paper, 12 x 18 cm.)
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1875-1877
Scope and Contents:
Inscription on recto reads "Koba, Zotom, Zonekeuk go to Mexico." Inscriptions on verso read "Going to Mexico for more horses", "Koba", and "no good."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08547621

OPPS NEG 91-1986

OPPS NEG 92-11350

NAA MS 39C
Album Information:
MS 39C 018
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 39C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 39-c Kiowa drawings by Koba, Etahdleuh, and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35d559a56-decc-4c4e-a457-5eaf958ae944
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms39c-ref18
Online Media:

Kiowa drawing, possibly by Koba or Etadleuh, of battle scene, with warrior wearing face and body paint and holding a lance and a shield approaching a person, possibly Mexican, inside a wagon

Artist:
Kobay, (Comanche chief)  Search this
Etahdleuh, 1856-1888  Search this
Names:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Collection Artist:
Doanmoe, Etahdleuh, 1856-1888  Search this
Kobay, (Comanche chief)  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, crayon, and ink on ledger paper, 20 x 25 cm.)
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1875-1877
Scope and Contents:
Inscription reads "Zotom." Drawing is executed on page 122 of a ledger book.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08547601

NAA MS 39C

OPPS NEG 91-2000

OPPS NEG 92-11268
Local Note:
This drawing appears to be related to the two subsequent drawings, which according to the inscription depict an attack on a Mexican wagon train, hence the identification of the individual inside the wagon as a Mexican rather than a Euro-American.
Album Information:
MS 39C 001
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 39C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 39-c Kiowa drawings by Koba, Etahdleuh, and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3830d9396-504a-40b4-bd35-20abcd9751fe
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms39c-ref1

Captain Pratt and Indian boys posed in front of building, Fort Marion, Florida

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Names:
Bear's Heart  Search this
Buffalo Scout  Search this
Buzzard  Search this
Cohoe  Search this
Koba, 1848-1880.  Search this
Little Chief  Search this
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Matches  Search this
Nick  Search this
Ohettoint  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Roman Nose, Henry Caruthers, 1855-1917.  Search this
Shave Head  Search this
Soaring Eagle  Search this
Tichkematse, 1857-1932  Search this
Tounkeuh  Search this
Tsadeltah  Search this
Tsaitkopeta  Search this
White Bear (Hopi)  Search this
White Man  Search this
Zonekeuh  Search this
Zotom  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (3x4 in)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Florida -- Fort Marion
Date:
Mar or Apr 1878
Scope and Contents:
Group identified as follows: Front row, left to right: Little Chief, Shave Head, Nick, Buzzard, Koba, Tounkeuh, Ohettoint. Second row, left to right: Captain Pratt, Tsadeltah, Matches, Buffalo Scout, Tsaitkopeta, Soaring Eagle, White Bear. Third row, left to right: Bear's Heart, Zonekeuh, Roman Nose, Squint Eyes, White Man. Last row, left to right: Cohoe, Making Medicine, Zotom. Absent - Etahdeluh. [All but Matches and Buffalo Scout were artists]. Photograph identifications from Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art From Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 (1974 pjr)
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.54546
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / ANONYMOUS
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b63e6af0-958a-4794-84b6-528109066778
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12216

Mary Zotom

Collection Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Container:
Box 14, Folder 20, Item KW1.A148
Box GN
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Negatives
Date:
1892
General:
Identified by Mooney on original envelope
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 74, James Mooney photographs, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James Mooney photographs
James Mooney photographs / Kiowa / 1: People / Subseries A: Identified, General
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a0181526-3250-4e5f-9c48-c21d663e9275
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-74-ref114

Left to right: Mali, Johnny Zotom, Aisima and another girl

Collection Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Container:
Box 13, Folder 7, Item KW1.A23
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1892-1893
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 74, James Mooney photographs, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James Mooney photographs
James Mooney photographs / Kiowa / 1: People / Subseries A: Identified, General
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e78e0c62-203f-4cd5-ba4e-a3ce672beca7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-74-ref34

General Grierson meeting the Kiowas on the Sweetwater, 1871

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Subject:
General Benjamin Henry Grierson, Non-Indian, 1826-1911  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
General Grierson meeting the Kiowas on the Sweetwater, 1871
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6232
Barcode:
206232.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws687d74dcc-e41f-413c-ab4c-fc86640c533c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220314
Online Media:

Kiowa Soldier Dance

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Kiowa Soldier Dance
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6233
Barcode:
206233.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e06c8329-91b3-4851-a3e1-f8c74d89cd2c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220315
Online Media:

Navajoes

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Navajoes
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.9 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6234
Barcode:
206234.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6bfa1a015-e494-4106-803d-a10e44b3918c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220316
Online Media:

Ledger drawing

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6235
Barcode:
206235.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws607ee7118-3e2e-4430-bca8-4f55877b6950
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220317
Online Media:

Navajoes/Railroad Train

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Navajoes/Railroad Train
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6236
Barcode:
206236.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws67b4b1f42-392b-497e-bc3d-7ce55318ef60
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220318
Online Media:

Mexican Traders/Lighthouse Anastasia Island

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Mexican Traders/Lighthouse Anastasia Island
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6237
Barcode:
206237.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws608707fa0-5b44-4fa3-a06b-453b46deea6e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220319
Online Media:

Boating St. Augustine/Osage War Dance

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Boating St. Augustine/Osage War Dance
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6238
Barcode:
206238.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68160f6f3-f7dd-4a5b-85e9-046f0b7dbad5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220320
Online Media:

Kiowas

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Kiowas
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6239
Barcode:
206239.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6542ca079-fb2d-4131-a2ee-abd099dc1cb1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220321
Online Media:

Buffalo heap good

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Buffalo heap good
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, crayon, watercolor
Techniques:
Drawn, painted
Dimensions:
58 x 21.6 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6240
Barcode:
206240.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6da38c685-1ee1-437a-89e2-68600ca51fdb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220322
Online Media:

Ft. Sill, I.T. [Fort Sill, Indian Territory]

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Ft. Sill, I.T. [Fort Sill, Indian Territory]
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, crayon
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
58 x 38.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6241
Barcode:
206241.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6cc905385-8d31-4898-a91c-438d32fa792c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220323
Online Media:

MS 39-c Kiowa drawings by Koba, Etahdleuh, and others

Artist:
Doanmoe, Etahdleuh, 1856-1888  Search this
Kobay, (Comanche chief)  Search this
Names:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Kobay, (Comanche chief)  Search this
Onkoiday  Search this
Sepinta  Search this
White Horse  Search this
Zonekeuk ?  Search this
Zotom  Search this
Extent:
33 Drawings (graphite, colored pencil, crayon, ink, and watercolor, 12 x 18 cm.-20 x 55 cm.)
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Pictographs
Ledger drawings
Date:
1875-1878
Scope and Contents:
The manuscript contains 28 drawings depicting warfare, courting, hunting, dances, a horse race, and an intertribal meeting. The drawings also include 5 pages with pictographs representing various words and the names of the prisoners. Included in the manuscript are rosters of the Ft. Marion prisoners listing the prisoners' names and tribal affiliations. Several drawings are inscribed with the name of Koba, some with the name Etahdleuh. Most were probably drawn by Koba.
Biographical / Historical:
Koba (Wild Horse) was born in 1848. During the Red River War he was a member of the Kiowa band that surrendered on February 18, 1875. Following his surrender, he was confined at Fort Sill, Indian Territory. He was accused of stealing horses and mules in Texas and participating in the August 22, 1874 skirmish at the Wichita Agency, one of the opening engagements of the Red River War. He was among the Kiowa prisoners who were incarcerated in Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida following the end of the conflict. He arrived at Fort Marion on May 21, 1875. After his release from Ft. Marion, Koba attended the Hampton Institute in Virginia. He arrived at Hampton on April 14, 1878. In June of 1879, he left Hampton to work on a farm in Lee, Massachusetts. He then enrolled in the Carlisle Institute in Pennsylvania, where he studied to be a tinsmith. He arrived at Carlisle on October 7, 1879. On September 10, 1880, Koba left Carlisle on what was intended to be a brief trip to Indian Territory. Although his health was failing, he was deemed fit to travel. He died of consumption on September 24, 1880, only three days after arriving at his destination.
Etahdleuh (1856-1888) was also known as Etahdleeuh, Etadeleuh, Etahdleuh Doanmoe, Boy, and Boy Hunting. He was imprisoned at Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida from 1875-1878. After his release from Fort Marion, he attended the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Virginia, arriving in April, 1878. In 1879, he travelled to the Indian Territory to recruit pupils to attend the Carlisle Institute in Pennsylvania, where he would study and work on and off from 1879 to 1887. He made two extended trips back to the reservation during this period and from February to May 1880, he worked at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC. He was trained as a Presbyterian missionary and returned to the reservation in January 1888 to serve in this capacity.
For further biographical information on Koba or Etahdleuh see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971.
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort. Captain Richard Pratt supervised the prisoners during their incarceration at Fort Marion. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. With the exception of one Cheyenne woman, all the prisoners were men. They had been accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. With the exception of the wife and daughter of one of the Comanche men, the prisoners families were not allowed to accompany them to Fort Marion. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 39C
Album Information:
MS 39C 000
Provenance:
Reynolds, Mary B.
Topic:
Federal-Indian relations -- Kiowa  Search this
Marriage and family -- Courtship -- Kiowa  Search this
War -- Apache  Search this
War -- Navaho  Search this
War -- Comanche  Search this
Genre/Form:
Pictographs -- Kiowa
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 39C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS39C
See more items in:
MS 39-c Kiowa drawings by Koba, Etahdleuh, and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a02dfcd2-f48e-456d-99e8-f97aa096cefe
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms39c
Online Media:

MS 1998-54 Exercise book containing drawings by anonymous Kiowa artist

Extent:
20 Drawings (18 leaves, graphite and colored pencil, 17 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1875-1878
Scope and Contents:
Twenty drawings in a commercial exercise book that has been rebound. The book had been sewn into a second cover prior to its acquisition by the Smithsonian. This second cover was removed when the book was rebound. It is still with the manuscript. The drawings depict hunting, courtship, dance, social gatherings, Indian scouts, mounted and dismounted warriors, and part of the Kiowa Sun Dance. The inside of the front cover is inscribed, "Capt Pratt USA", "By the Indians", "By the Indians incarcerated in Fort Marion St. Augustine in 1876", "Engaged in the Custer Massacre", "Care of Capt Pratt in charge assisted by the following ladies Mrs Linethurst, Mrs Gibbs - Mrs S' Mother St Augustine Mrs Kingsly Gibbs aunt Mrs Valentine Phila Miss Reed", "Carlisle was the outcome of Capt Pratt's efforts assisted by Mrs Kingsly Gibbs of St Augustine". The back cover is inscribed "Works of the Indians while in prison in Fort Marion St Augustine Florida/ after the Custer Massacre in care of Capt Pratt/ The founder of Carlisle/ These Indians finally taken there for housing and taming/ by the Government/ under the care of Capt Pratt USA". In addition to the inscription, the back cover bears the image of a man wearing a breechcloth, which was scratched into its surface. The name "ZOTOM" appears in stencil block letters on the back cover and the inside of the front cover. Although Zotom was a noted Kiowa artist, it is not clear that he is responsible for the drawings. Candace Greene notes that they are unlike his later work and early documented examples of his drawing style have not been identified.
Biographical / Historical:
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort. Captain Richard Pratt supervised the prisoners during their incarceration at Fort Marion. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. With the exception of one Cheyenne woman, all the prisoners were men. They had been accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. With the exception of the wife and daughter of one of the Comanche men, the prisoners families were not allowed to accompany them to Fort Marion. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 98-54
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
MS 98-54 000
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 98-54, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1998-54
See more items in:
MS 1998-54 Exercise book containing drawings by anonymous Kiowa artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39b1ada3f-864a-426e-9cd8-1bb560f310e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1998-54
Online Media:

Warrior artists : historic Cheyenne and Kiowa Indian ledger art drawn by Making Medicine and Zotom / by Herman Viola ; with commentary by Joseph D. and George P. Horse Capture

Author:
Viola, Herman J  Search this
Making Medicine  Search this
Zotum  Search this
Horse Capture, George P  Search this
Horse Capture, Joseph D  Search this
Subject:
Making Medicine  Search this
Zotum  Search this
Physical description:
125 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 x 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1998
C1998
Topic:
Cheyenne art  Search this
Kiowa art  Search this
Red River War, 1874-1875  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_540683

1877 : Plains Indian sketch books of Zo-Tom & Howling Wolf / with an introduction by Dorothy Dunn

Title:
Plains Indian sketch books of Zo-Tom & Howling Wolf
Author:
Howling Wolf 1849-1927  Search this
Zotum  Search this
Dunn, Dorothy 1903-  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. : (chiefly col. ill.) ; 23 x 28 cm
Type:
Art
Pictorial works
Place:
Great Plains
Date:
1969
Topic:
Cheyenne art  Search this
Kiowa art  Search this
Call number:
E98.A7 E34 1969
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_614677

Fine American Indian art : auction : Tuesday, November 26, 1991 at approximately 10:30 am ... and 2 pm

Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Newberry Library  Search this
Edward E. Ayer Collection (Newberry Library)  Search this
Subject:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
[117], ii-viii p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
North America
Date:
1991
[1991]
Topic:
Indian art  Search this
Call number:
E98.A7 F56 1991
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_954538

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