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Mohave

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Names:
Henderson, Junius, 1865-1937  Search this
Robbins, Wilfred William, 1884-1952  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
33 Boxes
Culture:
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Field notes
Vocabulary
Date:
1907-circa 1914, 1946-circa 1957
Scope and Contents:
This subseries of the Southern California/Basin series contains John P. Harrington's research on Mohave.

Harrington organized his early linguistic and ethnographic notes into more than eighty categories, covering a broad spectrum of Mohave culture from daily practices to mythological and religious beliefs. The variety of content and order of arrangement are encyclopedic. Most of the material is original data from numerous native speakers. Animal and plant notes are also filed in this section. Notes on these topics stem from the Mohave Valley Expedition made with Henderson and Robbins. A typescript of Henderson's report precedes the botanical notes and one by Robbins precedes the zoological notes.

The semantic slipfile consists of data from the original field notes rewritten on slips and arranged in thirteen semantic divisions. Some new information provided by Irving and Wagner was inserted. Material relative to other Yuman tribes is included and almost all categories contain some inextricably interwoven Chemehuevi data which were originally provided by Chemehuevi speakers Jack Jones, John Pete, William Johnson, and Patty Smith. In most instances, the Chemehuevi equivalences are clearly marked. Information on kinship is relatively substantial.

Two Mohave notebooks are also present. One contains vocabulary and texts credited to "Mr. Edgar, Needles, Cal." The other is a packet of loose pages evidently removed from a notebook covering random linguistic and ethnographic data.

Another section consists of a small set of grammar notes arranged under such headings as language, phonology, and morphology. Some notes apparently were taken as early as 1907 and were transferred to slips in 1910 and 1911.

The section of miscellaneous notes on Yuman languages contains Yuma, Cocopa, and Walapai field notebooks. They are principally ethnographic and are difficult to read. Unrelated small groups of notes include Mohave, Yuma, Maricopa, Havasupai, and Walapai ethnographic data, probably provided by Joe Homer. There are lecture notes and students' papers probably from one of the courses which Harrington gave at the University of Colorado. Three small groups of slips include a list of Yuman clan names and a series of excerpts from a Yuman notebook which has not been located. The third is a copy of some Yavapai terms supplied by Barbara Freire-Marreco.

Late linguistic and ethnographic notes contain what appears to be the first draft of a manuscript on Mohave culture. Such subjects as sociology, religion and mythology, physical and mental characteristics, the Mohave universe, warfare, and design are covered. A variety of notes on historical events and on the geographic, political, and economic life of the Needles area was compiled from published sources and correspondence with the Bureau of Indian Affairs and with Indian Agency superintendents. The focus is on Mohave with some general Yuman references. The material has evidently undergone several reorganizations and notes from informants of the earlier period are interfiled. New linguistic and ethnographic information was supplied principally by Hal Davidson, Mr. and Mrs. Harry Lewis, and Russell. Comparative terms appear in Yuma, Maricopa, Chemehuevi, and Paiute. Kroeber apparently lent Harrington some of his personal manuscripts, and information from this source is introduced as "Kr. notes." Correspondence with Charles Battye and excerpts from his scrapbooks in the possession of the Needles Public Library are also contained among these notes.

Another section consists of notes and drafts on material culture. They are arranged alphabetically and predominantly ethnographic. Notes came from the earlier period and such 1946 informants as Davidson and the Lewises. George Turner contributed numerous placenames.

The subseries also contains notes and drafts of tribenames. They represent an attempt to identify ethnic names applied to Yuman and some neighboring non-Yuman tribes. Some of the Mohave names may have been given by bilingual Chemehuevi speakers in July 1946, when Harrington and Murl Emery traveled the Colorado River-Mohave Valley area. A brief typescript follows the notes.

The section of semantically arranged notes consists of small amounts of data on minerals, pigments, fire, plants, animals, hunting, food, and medicine.

The section of late grammatical notes is also small. The notes originated mainly from Russell, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis, and Warren McCord. He based some hearings on Kroeber's (1911) "Phonetic Elements of the Mohave Language" and Sapir's (1930) "Southern Paiute Language." He also drew on A. M. Halpern's (1946 and 1947) six monographs on Yuma grammar published in the International Journal of American Linguistics. In the mid-1950s he again turned to Halpern and produced a small section of comparative Yuman terms.

The final section of the subseries consists of miscellaneus notes, including drafts of a paper on Mohave history and culture and another on the Kuchan vocabulary of George H. Thomas.
Biographical / Historical:
As a teacher of modern languages at Santa Ana High School in California (1906-1909), John P. Harrington spent his vacations studying Mohave and Yuma in Needles and Yuma, California. Working with a young Mohave woman in Needles in 1907, Mohave was the first Indian language that he ever recorded.

From 1909 until 1915, when he joined the Bureau of American Ethnology, Harrington held various positions with the Museum of the University of New Mexico and the School of American Archaeology, based mainly in Santa Fe. Along with work in other indigenous languages and cultures, he pursued his Mohave studies in Lincolnia, Cottonia, Needles, and Fort Mohave. The focus was on Mohave with ethnographic references to Yuma, Maricopa, Cocopa, Havasupai, and Walapai.

Under the auspices of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the School of American Archaeology, and the University of Colorado, he was ethnologist for a Mohave Valley expedition undertaken in March and April 1911, in conjunction with Junius Henderson and W. W. Robbins. Henderson identified the botanical life of the Mohave Valley and Robbins the zoological.

According to field notes and reports, the years 1910 and 1911 were the most productive ones for this first period of accumulation of Mohave data. Harrington worked with a number of people who spoke Mohave and Chemehuevi, resulting in numerous comparative references. Among the many Mohave speakers, Lee Irving (abbreviated L. I.), Mr. Edgar (Rev. Edgar), Ferd Wagner (Mr. Ferd), and Peter Dean (Peter) contributed substantially. Harrington primarily worked with Wagner in 1907. Edward H. Davis accompanied him on various placename trips and apparently advised him on the collection of artifacts. Financial records indicate that he spent about six weeks in Needles in late spring, 1914, collecting objects for the Panama-California Exposition.

A second period of endeavor commenced in 1946 with new recordings from Hal Davidson (Hal), Mr. and Mrs. Henry Lewis, George Turner, and Russell. Returning from the field to Washington, D.C., in 1947, Harrington compiled a variety of notes on historical events and interfiled some of his earlier material. The physical arrangement indicates an interest in drafting a paper on Mohave culture, more ethnographic than linguistic.
Local Numbers:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Mohave language  Search this
Yuma language  Search this
Chemehuevi language  Search this
Cocopa language  Search this
Hualapai language  Search this
Havasupai language  Search this
Maricopa language  Search this
Yuman languages  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Grammar, Comparative and general  Search this
Names, Ethnological  Search this
Names, Geographical  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Ethnobotany  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Vocabulary
Collection Citation:
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Identifier:
NAA.1976-95, Subseries 3.11
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Papers
John Peabody Harrington Papers / Series 3: Papers relating to the Native American history, language and culture of southern California and Basin
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39e2556eb-1c2d-43d3-85a3-fdeca5f835b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-95-ref14386

MS 2932 Notes on sign language and miscellaneous ethnographic notes on Plains Indians

Creator:
Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
He Dog  Search this
Red Feather  Search this
Whirling  Search this
Addressee:
Wissler, Clark, 1870-1947  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Bruguiere, Johnnie, 1849-1898  Search this
Petalesharo, 1797-1836  Search this
Extent:
4 Boxes
2,736 Items (2,736 pages)
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Osage  Search this
Apache  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Cree  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Ute  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Slave  Search this
Denésoliné (Chipewyan)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Sarsi Indians  Search this
Plains Apache (Kiowa Apache)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
White River Ute (Yampa)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Kootenai (Kutenai)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1934
Scope and Contents:
Much of this material is relevant to the Dakotas. Includes: miscellaneous notes on Dakota history, bands, and sign for "Dakota," Autograph Document. Approximately 100 pages. (Box 2); account of the Battle of Little Big Horn by He Dog, Red Feather, and Whirling, Autograph Document. 7 pages. (Box 3); "The Custer Battle with the Sioux, Autograph Document. 10 pages. (Box 3); notes on sign language in general, its history and distribution, Autograph and Typescript Document, 1 box (Box 4).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2932
Local Note:
manuscript document
Topic:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Sign language  Search this
Marriage and family -- Berdache  Search this
Weapons -- bow  Search this
Dance -- calumet  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Rituals, formulas and ceremonies  Search this
Zoology -- Buffalo  Search this
Dance -- grass  Search this
War -- Battle of Little Bighorn  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Names, place  Search this
Dance -- Ghost dance  Search this
Religion -- soul, concept of  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Navaho  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Ute  Search this
White River (Parusanuch and Yampa)  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Assiniboin  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Plains Apache  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Sarcee  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Kootenai  Search this
Kutenai  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2932, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2932
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3febc7aa5-2cb3-42c2-a107-dfb270046f91
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2932

MS 1494 Kaivawit [Kaibab] vocabulary

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
146 Pages
Culture:
Kaibab Paiute  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
ca. 1870's
Scope and Contents:
Dictionary of Kaibab Paiute dialect of Ute. Extensive.
Contents: Persons Original page Number 1; Consecutive page Number in []. 1. Parts of the body 2, 2. Terms denoting relationship 5, 5. Numerals (including ordinals) 13, 14. Implements and utensils 14, 20. Dress and ornaments 20, 27. Firmament and meteorological phenomena 24, 31. Time 29, 36. Winter moons 30, 37. Geographical terms 31, 38. Geographic names 38, 50. Animals 40, 61. Birds 44, 64. Reptiles 47, 68. Insects 48, 69. Fish 49, 70. Colors 50, 71. Plants, fruits, etc. 51, 72. Names of tribes, and proper names 55, 76. Nouns 58, 79. Adjectives 70, 96. Comparison of adjectives 76, 102. Pronouns (including number and cases) 78, 104. Verbs 80, 109. Adverbs 100, 131. Prepositions 104, 135. Interjections 106, 137. Prefixes and suffixes 107, 138. Phrases 108, 139. Sprites, spirits, etc. 112, 144. Mythological 113, 145. "To be looked up" 114, 146.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1494
Local Note:
This may be the work Pilling (Bureau of American Ethnology AR 1, 1881) lists as "Words, Phrases and sentences in the Kaivavwit Dialect of the Shoshoni Language," on page 574.
manuscript document
Topic:
Tools and implements -- Paiute  Search this
Kinship -- Paiute  Search this
Clothing -- Paiute  Search this
Weather -- Paiute  Search this
Zoology -- Paiute  Search this
geography -- Paiute  Search this
Colors -- Paiute  Search this
Fruit -- Paiute  Search this
Names, tribal -- Paiute  Search this
Names, Personal -- Paiute  Search this
Atime -- Paiute  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1494, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1494
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f07b4ec5-ad07-4883-92b9-6535c80a5564
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1494
Online Media:

Gammaridea

Collector:
G. Vinyard  Search this
Expedition:
Great Basin Spring Snail Project  Search this
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Paiute Canyon, (Upper) Creek Spring, Jackson Mountain, Humboldt County, Nevada, United States
Collection Date:
9 Aug 1991
Common name:
Amphipods
USNM Number:
256189
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Arthropoda
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/33aa65a7c-6562-47c3-82f3-ae4fbff2edab
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_200602

Pyrgulopsis longiglans

Collector:
G. L. Vineyard  Search this
Expedition:
Great Basin Spring Snail Project  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Freshwater  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Paiute Canyon, Upper Paiute Creek, Humboldt County, Nevada, United States
Collection Date:
9 Aug 1991
Common name:
Freshwater Gastropods
Published Name:
Pyrgulopsis longiglans Hershler, 1998
Pyrgulopsis sp.
USNM Number:
874270
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/39428a6d6-f831-4882-9935-dd7050e66ef4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_533800

Juga sp.

Collector:
G. Vinyard  Search this
Expedition:
Great Basin Spring Snail Project  Search this
River Basin:
Jackson Mountains  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Paiute Canyon, Upper Paiute Creek, Humboldt County, Nevada, United States
Collection Date:
9 Aug 1991
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Juga sp.
USNM Number:
874271
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/32b5da29a-7f07-472f-a83d-104a5fe989b6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_533801

Pyrgulopsis longiglans

Collector:
Dr. Donald W. Sada  Search this
Preparation:
Ethanol - 90%
Dry
Place:
Blackrock Desert, Paiute Spring, Humboldt County, Nevada, United States
Collection Date:
20 Oct 2001
Common name:
Freshwater Gastropods
Published Name:
Pyrgulopsis longiglans Hershler, 1998
Other Numbers:
collector number : 36
catalog number : 1002573
USNM Number:
1023461
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/36e38ed2d-83d2-4427-83df-eaeec5c33e75
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_810500

Pyrgulopsis longiglans

Collector:
Dr. Donald W. Sada  Search this
Preparation:
DRY
Place:
Paiute Spring, Blackrock Desert, Humboldt County, Nevada, United States
Collection Date:
20 Oct 2001
Common name:
Freshwater Gastropods
Published Name:
Pyrgulopsis longiglans Hershler, 1998
Other Numbers:
catalog number : 1023461
USNM Number:
1002573
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/334880e31-d9e3-4e0e-93e6-335927007c38
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_788775

Fluminicola dalli

Collector:
Tom Grace  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Very arid, very tiny run, completely overgrown.  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Pyramid Lake Paiute Indian Reservation, Barrel Spring Run, 2.4 miles north of end of County Road 445 to west facing dirt road east of Thunderbolt Bay. West 0.8 miles on road then about 1 mile hike up gulch to spring run., Washoe County, Nevada, United States
Collection Date:
8 Sep 2007
Common name:
Freshwater Gastropods
Published Name:
Fluminicola dalli (Call, 1884)
Other Numbers:
catalog number : 12689
USNM Number:
1111781
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/345bcd178-3c08-4d16-9317-5be9b5a29e83
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_929321

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