Artist's sketchbook, now disbound, containing scenes of daily life, dances, hunting and a picture of birds. Individual leaves numbered 1 through 23. Cover of the drawing book inscribed in pencil "Drawn by Making Medicine, Cheyenne Prisoner, St. Augustine, Fla. Aug. 1875." Inscriptions on individual leaves by same hand, probably Lt. Richard Pratt.
Biographical / Historical:
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort under supervision of Lt. Richard Pratt. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. With the exception of one Cheyenne woman, all the prisoners were men. They had been accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. With the exception of the wife and daughter of one of the Comanche men, the prisoners families were not allowed to accompany them to Fort Marion. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.
NAA MS 39A
OPPS NEG 55,025 - 55,046
The original identification of the artist as Making Medicine based on the inscription is in error, based on comparison to other known examples of the artist's work, including Ms. 39B. Re-identified as anonymous Cheyenne artist by Candace Greene, 2002.
Indians of North America -- Southern States Search this
Scope and Contents:
Much of this material is relevant to the Dakotas. Includes: miscellaneous notes on Dakota history, bands, and sign for "Dakota," Autograph Document. Approximately 100 pages. (Box 2); account of the Battle of Little Big Horn by He Dog, Red Feather, and Whirling, Autograph Document. 7 pages. (Box 3); "The Custer Battle with the Sioux, Autograph Document. 10 pages. (Box 3); notes on sign language in general, its history and distribution, Autograph and Typescript Document, 1 box (Box 4).
Ledger book, now disbound, containing drawings of warfare, courtship, hunting and ceremony. The pages are numbered 1-113, with the following numbers missing: 5-6, 27-28, 31-32, 69-70, 93-96. Endpaper inscribed "Cheyenne Agency, Darlington Ind[ian] Terr[itory]". Additional laminated sheet contains original collector's tag, associated note, and early museum label. The drawings are by several artists, the most prominent being Yellow Nose. When possible, individual drawings have been assigned to Yellow Nose on stylistic grounds by comparison to his other known work.
Biographical / Historical:
Yellow Nose aka Little Face, Hehuwesse, He-her-we. (1848-1910) was a Ute captured as a young boy by Dives Backward and raised within Northern Cheyenne society by his adopted father Spotted Wolf. He is recorded to have participated in the Battle of Rosebud (June 17th, 1876) and the Battle of Little Bighorn (June 25-26th, 1876) where he reportedly 1) lost a famous shield made by Whistling Elk (later acquired by the NMAI) 2) captured the guidon of the 7th Cavalry and 3) strangled Custer to death with his bare hands. After the Battle of Little Big Horn, Yellow Nose traveled with a group of Northern Cheyenne led by Little Wolf and Dull Knife eventually making camp along the Powder River. The group was attacked by General Ranald McKenzie in the Battle of Crazy Woman Fork (November 20th, 1876). During this battle Yellow Nose distracted the US soldiers, allowing the women and children to escape, and sustained a shot to the chest. Eventually, the group, including Yellow Nose, was captured and removed to the southern Cheyenne reservation in present-day Oklahoma, where Yellow Nose remained for the remainder of his life. Information on Yellow Nose from: Powell, Peter John, Sweet Medicine: The Continuing Role of the Sacred Arrows, the Sun Dance, and the Sacred Buffalo Hat in Northern Cheyenne History. Norman; University of Oklahoma Press (1969).
For a biography of H. R. Voth, see Kaufman, Edmund G. (1973) "Heinrich R. Voth" in General Conference Mennonite Pioneers. North Newton, Kansas: Bethel College. (1973) pp. 326-333
NAA MS 166032
This book was originally noted as having been created solely by Yellow Nose. Stylistic differences between the images suggest that more than one artist is represented within the manuscript.
United States Indian Territory Cheyenne Agency Darlington.
Herzog, K. S. & Jensen, K. 2018. Five New Species of the Tapeworm Genus Anthocephalum (Rhinebothriidea: Anthocephaliidae) Parasitizing A Single Species of Indo-Pacific Stingray and A Revised Diagnosis of the Genus. J. Parasit. 104 (5): 505-522.
Buffalo Creek, Northern Territory, Australia, Indian Ocean