Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
51 documents - page 1 of 3

Frank Speck

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Director:
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck (1881-1950) was born in Brooklyn, New York, but raised in Mohegan, Connecticut. Concerned about his health, his parents had sent him to live in the country with Fidelia A. Fielding, a native woman and family friend. Fielding was one of the last native speakers of the Mohegan language and, moreover, of any native language spoken in New England and Speck grew up speaking Mohegan. When Speck attended Columbia University as an undergraduate, he took a philology course with the linguist, John Dyneley Prince. Prince was interested in American Indian languages and was impressed that Speck knew a Native American language long thought extinct. Dyneley introduced Speck to Franz Boas, and Dyneley and Boas both encouraged Speck to study anthropology. Speck received an M.A. from Columbia University and Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Pennsylvania. Boas, a profound influence on Speck, supervised his dissertation research. It concerned the ethnography of the Yuchi Indians of Oklahoma and was published by the University Museum.

In 1908, Speck was offered a research fellowship at the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania. Speck was fired from the University Museum in 1911 for reasons that remain cloudy, but was immediately hired as an assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania. Speck began serving as acting department chair in 1913 and was appointed full professor and chairman in 1925. Speck conducted fieldwork throughout his life. In fact, he spent as much time in the field as he possibly could, focusing his attention on the Algonkian peoples of the eastern woodlands. Speck was also deeply interested in culture change and the contemporary lives of the people with whom he worked. While his major work was among the Algonkian peoples, his field research and collecting ranged from north of the Canadian border down to North Carolina and Louisiana. Speck served as Associate Editor of the American Anthropologist for over ten years and was Vice-President of the American Anthropological Association in 1945-46. He also served as President of the American Folk-Lore Society. His major monographs were: Naskapi: Savage Hunters of the Labrador Peninsula (1935); and Penobscot Man; or, the Life History of a Forest Tribe in Maine (1940). Speck died in Philadelphia at the age of 68.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records / Series 6: Collectors
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv49af486e6-aa48-4de5-aaa6-8a61d976102a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref15769

Spoon/Ladle

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Previous owner:
Sulby Simpson, Oklahoma Muscogee (Creek)  Search this
Mrs. William Barnet (Hil li Bu), Oklahoma Muscogee (Creek)  Search this
Sam Black, Oto  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Spoon/Ladle
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1900-1910
Catalog Number:
3/2702
Barcode:
032702.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Food/Beverage Serving
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a4c6bce9-98b0-4369-85e1-6573440a4a6e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_35037
Online Media:

Sash/Belt

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Previous owner:
Chi.li Fish (Chili Fish), Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Object Name:
Sash/Belt
Media/Materials:
Wool yarn, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Fingerwoven, edge beaded
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1900-1913
Catalog Number:
3/3601
Barcode:
033601.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws611014228-19e6-4df5-bb8a-6b4d479643bb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_35817
Online Media:

Woman's leg rattles (No image available)

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Previous owner:
Painkiller, Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Object Name:
Woman's leg rattles (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Hide, turtle shell/carapace
Techniques:
Perforated, tied
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1900-1913
Catalog Number:
3/3606
Barcode:
033606.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws67205da8c-226c-495d-a1d9-3c04f653167b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_35822

Spoon/Ladle

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Folsom, Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Object Name:
Spoon/Ladle
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Native Term:
sof ki
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1900-1913
Catalog Number:
3/3607
Barcode:
033607.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Food/Beverage Serving
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e2db29ee-5d1a-42b2-ac48-308dec0a9365
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_35823
Online Media:

Rattle (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Folsom, Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Object Name:
Rattle (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Gourd, wood
Techniques:
Cut
Dimensions:
31.5 x 9.5 cm
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1900-1913
Catalog Number:
3/3608
Barcode:
033608.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61d4062c8-b83a-40a2-96a4-d2c0697be21c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_35824

Rattle (No image available)

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Previous owner:
Painkiller, Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Object Name:
Rattle (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Coconut shell, wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
3/3609
Barcode:
033609.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws611f8b342-ce80-4918-bfe9-b9415d70abc9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_35825

Bow

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Folsom, Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Object Name:
Bow
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1890-1910
Catalog Number:
3/3610
Barcode:
033610.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63a0cfe72-6416-4e8d-a82b-c16b25e02ae1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_35826
Online Media:

Bow and arrow

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Previous owner:
Painkiller, Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Object Name:
Bow and arrow
Media/Materials:
Wood, ammunition cartridge/cartridges, sinew
Techniques:
Carved, tied
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1900-1913
Catalog Number:
3/3611
Barcode:
033611.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6751d9c58-09fd-4dad-9ff7-000f4bdb913a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_35827
Online Media:

Man's leggings

Culture/People:
probably Oklahoma Delaware (attributed); collected from the Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Man's leggings
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, ribbon, glass bead/beads, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, ribbonwork appliqué, overlay beadwork, edge beaded
Dimensions:
68 x 32 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1880-1910
Catalog Number:
3/3697
Barcode:
033697.000
See related items:
Oklahoma Delaware
Euchee (Yuchi)
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a088e2d8-f7f3-44d4-8409-e7a30b7120a8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_36104
Online Media:

Garters/Legbands

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Garters/Legbands
Media/Materials:
Glass bead/beads, wool yarn, cordage
Techniques:
Loom beadwork, fringed
Dimensions:
15 x 85 x 1 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1880-1910
Catalog Number:
3/3705
Barcode:
033705.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws600bcebaa-d865-46bb-8267-39e5457a6d70
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_36113
Online Media:

Sash/Belt

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Sash/Belt
Media/Materials:
Glass bead/beads, twine/string, wool yarn
Techniques:
Loom beadwork
Dimensions:
261.5 x 7.5 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1900-1913
Catalog Number:
3/3707
Barcode:
033707.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6591b8cae-40f1-4bbf-bdff-9d6de2f93c0c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_36115
Online Media:

Sash/Belt

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Sash/Belt
Media/Materials:
Wool yarn
Techniques:
Fingerwoven
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1900-1913
Catalog Number:
3/3710
Barcode:
033710.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b0c12b13-0da4-48f1-bee5-34cfe168a213
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_36118
Online Media:

Sash/Belt

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Sash/Belt
Media/Materials:
Wool yarn, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Fingerwoven, edge beaded
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1890-1913
Catalog Number:
3/3714
Barcode:
033714.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62bd68661-72ba-45c9-ad08-b331e2127795
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_36122
Online Media:

Pipe bowl (No image available)

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe bowl (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Modeled
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Creek Nation; Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
1/9646
Barcode:
019646.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6eebce743-a614-42f1-bdac-c517fc6d8aad
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21004

Charm to promote sleep

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Charm to promote sleep
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Creek Nation; Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1900-1908
Catalog Number:
1/9647
Barcode:
019647.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6973188be-c211-41cb-a5c1-218f2891fec0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21005
Online Media:

Man's shirt

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Man's shirt
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, ribbon, button/buttons, thread
Techniques:
Sewn
Dimensions:
160 x 75 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Creek Nation; Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1890-1908
Catalog Number:
1/9648
Barcode:
019648.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws627ca158d-37f5-4dea-aeb6-29be68f2cb5c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21006
Online Media:

Man's coat/jacket

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Man's coat/jacket
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, ribbon, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, appliquéd
Dimensions:
170 x 80 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Creek Nation; Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1900-1908
Catalog Number:
1/9649
Barcode:
019649.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69f66d901-0436-4b6d-9361-3b8c7c3ac68f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21007
Online Media:

Man's leggings

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Man's leggings
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, ribbon, thread
Techniques:
Sewn
Dimensions:
82 x 36 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Creek Nation; Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1900-1908
Catalog Number:
1/9651
Barcode:
019651.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws696985088-8fe9-403b-9b87-c6e93f5d5c83
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21009
Online Media:

Hair comb

Culture/People:
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Hair comb
Media/Materials:
German silver ("nickel silver"/copper-nickel alloy)
Techniques:
Perforated, stamped
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Creek Nation; Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1890-1908
Catalog Number:
1/9652
Barcode:
019652.000
See related items:
Euchee (Yuchi)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68aaecac5-6a55-4497-9640-78d0d214cfcc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21010
Online Media:

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By