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MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Riggs, Stephen Return, 1812-1883  Search this
Extent:
30 Linear feet (70 boxes, 1 oversized box, 20 manuscript envelopes, 4 rolled maps, and 23 map folders)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Tutelo  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Chiwere  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Osage  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Dhegiha Indians  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Tututni (Tutuni)  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Siletz  Search this
Coos (Kusan)  Search this
Yaquina (Yakwina)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Takelma (Rogue River Indians)  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Chasta Costa (Chastacosta)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Place:
Siletz Indian Reservation (Or.)
Date:
circa 1870-1956
bulk 1870-1895
Summary:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.The papers of James Owen Dorsey comprise mostly ethnographic and linguistic materials on various tribes of the Siouan language family as well as tribes from Siletz Reservation in Oregon. These materials include texts and letters with interlineal translations; grammar notes; dictionaries; drawings; and his manuscripts. In addition, the collection contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, his obituaries, and reprints.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains James O. Dorsey's research and writings as a BAE ethnologist, as well as his earlier work as a missionary among the Ponca. The vast majority of the collection pertains to his research on Siouan-Catawban languages, including the Dakota and Dhegiha languages, Chiwere, Winnebago, Mandan, Hidatsa, Tutelo, Biloxi, and Catawba. His research on Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan languages from his field work at Siletz Reservation are also present, as well as some notes on the Caddoan languages. Dorsey's research files include linguistic and ethnological field notes, reading notes, stories and myths, vocabularies, drawings, and unpublished and published manuscripts. The collection also contains Omaha, Ponca, Quapaw, and Biloxi dictionaries that he compiled and materials relating to his work editing Steven Riggs' Dakota-English Dictionary. Additional noteworthy materials in the collection are Teton texts and drawings from George Bushotter and drawings by Stephen Stubbs (Kansa), Pahaule-gagli (Kansa), and George Miller (Omaha). The collection also contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, obituaries, and his collection of reprints.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: 1) Siouan; 2) Siletz Reservation; 3) Caddoan; 4) General Correspondence; 5) Personal Papers; 6) Miscellaneous & Reprints.
Biographical Note:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.

Dorsey was born on October 31, 1848 in Baltimore, Maryland. He exhibited a talent for languages at an early age. At age 6 he learned the Hebrew alphabet and was able to read the language at age 10. In 1867 Dorsey attended the Theological Seminary of Virginia and was ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1871. In May of that year, Dorsey traveled to the Dakota Territory to serve as a missionary among the Ponca. Plagued by ill health, Dorsey was forced to end his missionary work in August 1873. By that time, however, he had learned the Ponca language well enough to converse with members of the tribe without an interpreter.

Dorsey returned to Maryland and engaged in parish work while continuing his studies of Siouan languages. His linguistic talents and knowledge of these languages attracted the attention of Major John Wesley Powell. Powell arranged for Dorsey to work among the Omaha in Nebraska from 1878 to 1880 to collect linguistic and ethnological notes. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was established in 1879, Powell recruited Dorsey to join the staff.

As an ethnologist for the BAE, Dorsey continued his research on Siouan tribes. His studies focused on languages but also included Siouan personal names, folklore, social organization, religion, beliefs, and customs. He conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada (1882); the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory (1883-1884); the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana (1892); and again with the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission (1894). He also worked with Native Americans that visited DC, including George Bushotter (Teton), Philip Longtail (Winnebago), Samuel Fremont (Omaha), and Little Standing Buffalo (Ponca). He also spent time at Siletz Reservation in 1884 to collect linguistic notes on the Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan stocks.

In addition to his research, Dorsey helped found the American Folklore Society and served as the first vice-president of the association. He also served as vice-president of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

At the age of 47, Dorsey died of typhoid fever on February 4, 1895.

Sources Consulted

1st-16th Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology. 1881-1897.

Hewitt, J.N.B. 1895. "James Owen Dorsey" American Anthropologist A8, 180-183.

McGee, W.J. 1895. "In Memoriam." Journal of American Folklore 8(28): 79-80.

1848 -- Born on October 31 in Baltimore, Maryland.

1871 -- Ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

1871-1873 -- Served as a missionary among the Ponca in Dakota Territory.

1878-1880 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Omaha in Nebraska.

1879 -- Joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

1882 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada.

1883-1884 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory.

1887 -- Worked with George Bushotter to record information regarding the language and culture of the Dakota.

1884 -- Conducted fieldwork at Siletz Reservation.

1892 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana.

1894 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission in Indian Territory.

1895 -- Died of typhoid fever on February 4th at the age of 47.
Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Social structure  Search this
Kinship  Search this
Manners and customs  Search this
Shahaptian languages  Search this
Yakonan languages  Search this
Athapascan languages  Search this
Kusan languages  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Siouan languages  Search this
Dhegiha language  Search this
Siuslaw Indians  Search this
Hidatsa language  Search this
Omaha language  Search this
Dakota language  Search this
Catawba language  Search this
Biloxi language  Search this
Caddoan languages  Search this
Osage language  Search this
Alsea language  Search this
Kansa language  Search this
Mandan language  Search this
Chastacosta language  Search this
Coquille language  Search this
Tutelo language  Search this
Winnebago language  Search this
Siuslaw language  Search this
Takelma language  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4800
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3261ab492-5f9d-4be7-b1f4-c24d3f5da29b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4800
Online Media:

Yaquina (Yakwina) vocabulary, spoken by the Yakonan-speaking Indians formerly living on Yaquina River, Oregon

Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Container:
Box 62, Item 393
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1884 August-October
Scope and Contents:
Consists of 15 pages in schedule of John Wesley Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages 1880; 4 pages sketch map and key of Yaquina villages and gentes.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 2: Siletz Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw316e12cf1-3494-4298-a3b7-daba76c2d544
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref529

Woman's chest ornament

Culture/People:
Yaquina (Yakwina) [Confederated Tribes of Siletz]  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Woman's chest ornament
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, metal bead/beads
Techniques:
Lazy/lane stitch beadwork, edge beaded
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Siletz Reservation; Lincoln County; Oregon; USA
Date created:
1885-1900
Catalog Number:
4/7495
Barcode:
047495.000
See related items:
Yaquina (Yakwina) [Confederated Tribes of Siletz]
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6dcc40c06-6cc9-413c-8413-1c237a583501
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_51216
Online Media:

Hair ornament

Culture/People:
Yaquina (Yakwina) [Confederated Tribes of Siletz]  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Hair ornament
Media/Materials:
Glass bead/beads, thread
Techniques:
Loom beadwork, gourd stitch/brick stitch/netted beadwork
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Siletz Reservation; Lincoln County; Oregon; USA
Date created:
1900-1915
Catalog Number:
4/7502
Barcode:
047502.000
See related items:
Yaquina (Yakwina) [Confederated Tribes of Siletz]
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6511be10d-66b4-42d1-8e76-c4c239ff1e72
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_51223
Online Media:

Birdskin/Bird body part

Culture/People:
Yaquina (Yakwina) [Confederated Tribes of Siletz]  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Birdskin/Bird body part
Media/Materials:
Woodpecker head
Techniques:
Dried
Object Type:
Materials: Prepared
Place:
Siletz Reservation; Lincoln County; Oregon; USA
Date created:
1900-1915
Catalog Number:
4/7506
Barcode:
047506.000
See related items:
Yaquina (Yakwina) [Confederated Tribes of Siletz]
Materials: Prepared
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6ab235fb7-f12b-4fcc-9f38-06a30f7697d5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_51227
Online Media:

Gauntlet/Cuff

Culture/People:
Yaquina (Yakwina) [Confederated Tribes of Siletz]  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Gauntlet/Cuff
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, cotton cloth, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Sewn, lazy/lane stitch beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Siletz Reservation; Lincoln County; Oregon; USA
Date created:
circa 1900
Catalog Number:
4/7507
Barcode:
047507.000
See related items:
Yaquina (Yakwina) [Confederated Tribes of Siletz]
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61a0f8a83-d2c9-485f-8d9d-31dd6f47ca3b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_51228
Online Media:

Drum and drumstick

Culture/People:
Yaquina (Yakwina) [Confederated Tribes of Siletz]  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Drum and drumstick
Media/Materials:
Wood, rawhide, hide thong/babiche, cotton cloth, hide
Techniques:
Carved, bent, stretched, laced, wrapped
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Siletz Reservation; Lincoln County; Oregon; USA
Date created:
circa 1890
Catalog Number:
4/7527
Barcode:
047527.000
See related items:
Yaquina (Yakwina) [Confederated Tribes of Siletz]
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c03218b0-3b30-4d17-bde5-326d97aac233
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_51404
Online Media:

Shinney/Shinny stick

Culture/People:
Yaquina (Yakwina) [Confederated Tribes of Siletz]  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Shinney/Shinny stick
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved, bent
Dimensions:
93.00 x 3.00 x 6.00 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Ball game items
Place:
Siletz Reservation; Lincoln County; Oregon; USA
Date created:
1900-1910
Catalog Number:
4/7532
Barcode:
047532.000
See related items:
Yaquina (Yakwina) [Confederated Tribes of Siletz]
Games, Toys, Gambling: Ball game items
On View:
NMAI, Washington DC: Window on Collections, As We Grow: Traditions, Toys, & Games
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6652fc749-b70c-438f-bc28-0318974302f4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_51409
Online Media:

MS 959 Umpqua vocabulary

Collector:
Bissell, George P.  Search this
Creator:
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878  Search this
Extent:
10 Pages
Culture:
Yaquina (Yakwina)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
December 24, 1876 ?; January 18, 1877
Scope and Contents:
Includes grammatical notes.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 959
General:
Previously titled "Letter from Mr Bissell."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 959, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS959
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3bd651eab-4e27-4203-b3e7-5900b7e0ca20
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms959

MS 955-a "Alseya and Yakoner" vocabulary

Creator:
Milhau, John J.  Search this
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Extent:
6 Pages
Culture:
Alsea  Search this
Yaquina (Yakwina)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Vocabulary
Date:
1856
Scope and Contents:
Note in hand of Milhau: "This is the language of all the coast Indians living between Cape Perpetua and Cape Foulweather and up the Alseya and Yakoner rivers." Note in hand of G. Gibbs: "Not Tinne, not Siusclau R."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 955-a
Local Note:
Letter of November 14, 1856 (Manuscript Number 191-a) states: "I enclose you herewith vocabularies of the Indian languages spoken between Cape Arago and Cape Foulweather viz the Coose Bay [Manuscript Number 191-a] lower Umpqua or Kallawatsett [Manuscript Number 958], and the Alseya [Manuscript Number 955-a], also the Umpquah proper [Manuscript Number 193-a]."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Vocabulary
Citation:
Manuscript 955-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS955A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3908f5571-46cc-4bae-abb5-4eb11c749b8d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms955a

MS 955-b Yakona Vocabulary

Creator:
Milhau, John J.  Search this
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Extent:
6 Pages
Culture:
Kalawatse  Search this
Lower Umpqua  Search this
Alsea  Search this
Yaquina (Yakwina)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Umpqua Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Penciled notes in hands of G. Gibbs as follows: "Remote aff[iliation] with Kalawatse or Lower Umpqua."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 955-b
General:
Previously titled "Vocabulary."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 955-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS955B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d0ed1784-0b0c-42dc-8402-1687e3173cbc
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms955b

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