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Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Li, Lianying, 1848-1911  Search this
Wanrong, 1906-1946  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
44 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
China
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
Forbidden City (Peking, China)
China -- Beijing -- Beijing
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Cixi (慈禧太后), Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs. Forty-four glass plate negatives depicting the Empress Dowager of China, Cixi of the Qing dynasty, taken between 1903 to 1905 by the photographer Xunling (勋龄; ca.1880-1943). Scenes include the empress dowager on the imperial barge, in the Summer Palace (颐和园) with attendants, and individual portraits of Cixi in varieties of court attire. Other important figures of the royal court depicted are Empress Longyu (隆裕皇后; 1868 - 1913), Jinfei ((瑾妃; 1874 - 1924), Princess Der Ling (德龄公主; 1885 - 1944), Rongling (容龄;1882-1973), Lady Yugeng (裕太太), first chief eunuch Li Lianying (李連英; 1848 -1911), and second chief eunuch Cui Yugui (崔玉贵). The negatives were at one time in the possession of Xunling's sister, Princess Der Ling, who used many of them to illustrate her books on Cixi and the imperial Qing court. The collection includes thirty-five original glass plate negatives by Xunling and nine glass plate negatives copied from various sources, likely made for illustrations in Princess Der Ling's books and articles. Included in the acquisitions file is a 4 page typed essay by Lydia Dan (d. 2005), Xunling's niece, which identifies Xunling as the original photographer and describes the history of the photographs and anecdotes relating to Xunling and his family.
Arrangement:
The photographs are divided into four groups:
1. Twenty-four large negatives, 24.1 x 17.8 cm (SC-GR-243 to SC-GR-265; unnumbered). Original photographs by Xunling taken in the Forbidden City or the Summer Palace .
2. Eleven smaller negatives, 12.7 x 10.2 cm. (SC-GR-270-272; 276-277; 279-284). Mostly informal portraits of Cixi and the court taken with a more portable camera.
3. Nine smaller negatives, 12.7 x 10.2 cm. (SC-GR-266-269; 273-275; 278; 285). These are copies of prints from other sources, possibly taken for Xunling's sister, the Princess Der Ling to illustrate her English language books and magazine articles. SC-GR-275 is a copy from a worn, damaged print of a famous Xunling photograph. SC-GR-285 is copied from a poor print of SC-GR-265. SC-GR-278 is a detail copied from SC-GR-261.
4. SC-GR-285a is a print of a group of Han Chinese women.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13
Provenance:
Purchase. 1966 A.13
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-13
Online Media:

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-252
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-252
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref10

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-253
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-253
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref11

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-254
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-254
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref12

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-255
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-255
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref13

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-256
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-256
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref14

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-257
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-257
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref15

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-258
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-258
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref16

The Empress Dowager Cixi in snow accompanied by attendants

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Pierson, Louisa  Search this
Rongling, 1882-1973  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
蓉齡  Search this
蓉龄  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕太太  Search this
裕庚  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
北京
Date:
1903-1905
Scope and Contents:
From left to right: Lady Yugeng (Louisa Pierson), Princess Der Ling (Deling), unidentified eunuch, Cixi, Rongling. The group is standing before the Fuyinxuan behind Leshoutang on Wanshoushan.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-259
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-259
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref17

The Empress Dowager Cixi in snow accompanied by attendants

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Pierson, Louisa  Search this
Rongling, 1882-1973  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
蓉齡  Search this
蓉龄  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕太太  Search this
裕庚  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
北京
Date:
1903-1905
Scope and Contents:
From left to right: Lady Yugeng (Louisa Pierson), Princess Der Ling (Deling), unidentified eunuch, Cixi, Rongling. The group is standing before the Fuyinxuan behind Leshoutang on Wanshoushan.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 UNNUMBERED
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 UNNUMBERED
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref18

The Empress Dowager Cixi with attendants in front of Paiyunmen, Summer Palace, Beijing

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Cui Yugui  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Junshou  Search this
Longyu, Empress dowager of China, 1868-1913.  Search this
Pierson, Louisa  Search this
Rongling, 1882-1973  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Yuanda Nainai  Search this
俊寿  Search this
元大奶奶  Search this
光绪皇后  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
四格格  Search this
崔玉贵  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
蓉龄  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕太太  Search this
裕庚  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
隆裕皇后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Paiyunmen, Yihe Yuan
排云门
Date:
1903-1905
Scope and Contents:
From right to left: Empress Longyu, Junsho, Princess Der Ling (Deling), Cixi, Second Chief Eunuch Cui Yugui, Fourth Princess, Yuanda Nainai, Lily, Lady Yugeng (Louisa Pierson), Rongling.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-260
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-260
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref19

The Empress Dowager Cixi in sedan chair surrounded by eunuchs in front of Renshoudian, Summer Palace, Beijing

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Cui Yugui  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Li, Lianying, 1848-1911  Search this
Li, Lianying, 1848-1911  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
崔玉贵  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, I24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Scope and Contents:
Left front, Second Chief Eunuch Cui Yugui; Right front, First Chief Eunuch Li Lianying
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-261
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-261
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref20

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-262
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-262
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref21

The Empress Dowager Cixi in the guise of Avalokitesvara

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Cui Yugui  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Li, Lianying, 1848-1911  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
崔玉贵  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
李莲英  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, I24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903
Scope and Contents:
From left to right: Second chief eunuch Cui Yugui, Cixi, First chief eunuch Li Lianying; possibly copied from SC-GR-245
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-263
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-263
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref22

Jade Buddha in Chengguangdian, Beihai Park, Beijing

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Buddha  Search this
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 12.7 x 10.2 cm.( 5 x 4in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Scope and Contents:
A reproduction taken from a print. The statue, made from flawless Burmese jade was presented to Cixi in 1893. Damaged by foreign troops in 1900 following the Boxer Rebellion.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-266
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Boxer Rebellion, China, 1899-1901  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-266
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref25

Photograph of the young Xuantong Emperor (Puyi; 1906-1967)

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Puyi, 1906-1967  Search this
勳齡  Search this
宣統皇帝  Search this
康德皇帝  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
末代皇帝  Search this
溥仪  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
遜帝  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 12.7 x 10.2 cm.( 5 x 4in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
Manchuria
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Scope and Contents:
A reproduction taken from a print.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-267
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-267
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref26

Photograph of Empress Wan Rong (1906-1946), consort to the Xuantong Emperor (1906-1967)

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Puyi, 1906-1967  Search this
Wanrong, 1906-1946  Search this
勳齡  Search this
婉容皇后, 1906-1946  Search this
宣統皇帝, 1906-1967  Search this
康德皇帝  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
末代皇帝  Search this
溥仪  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
遜帝  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 12.7 x 10.2 cm.( 5 x 4in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
Manchuria
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Scope and Contents:
A reproduction taken from a print.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-268
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-268
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref27

Xuantong Emperor (Puyi) and his Empress Wan Rong

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Puyi, 1906-1967  Search this
Wanrong, 1906-1946  Search this
勳齡  Search this
婉容皇后  Search this
宣統皇帝, 1906-1967  Search this
康德皇帝  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
末代皇帝  Search this
溥仪  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
遜帝  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 12.7 x 10.2 cm.( 5 x 4in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
Manchuria
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Scope and Contents:
A reproduction taken from a print.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-269
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-269
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref28

The Empress Dowager Cixi seated and holding a fan

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 12.7 x 10.2 cm.( 5 x 4in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-270
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-270
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref29

The Empress Dowager Cixi in the guise of Avalokitesvara

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Cui Yugui  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Li, Lianying, 1848-1911  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
崔玉贵  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
李莲英  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, I24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Scope and Contents:
From left to right: Second chief eunuch Cui Yugui, Cixi, First chief eunuch Li Lianying
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-245
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-245
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref3

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