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Benjamin Layton collection

Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Names:
Agnew, Spiro T., 1918-1996  Search this
Ford, Gerald R., 1913-2006  Search this
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993  Search this
Nixon, Pat, 1912-1993  Search this
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994  Search this
Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979  Search this
Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915  Search this
Wright, Richard, 1908-1960  Search this
Extent:
3.45 Linear feet (5 boxes; 1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cartes-de-visite
Postage stamps
Programs
Tintypes
Correspondence
Newsletters
Cabinet photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Portraits
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Photographs
Etchings
Copy prints
Date:
circa 1865-1977
Summary:
The Benjamin Layton collection documents the life, family history, and interests of Benjamin T. Layton. Items date from circa 1865 to 1977. The collection measures 3.45 linear feet and is composed of newsletters, clippings, pamphlets, newspapers, correspondence, certificates, photographs, memorabilia, books, stamps, etchings, and programs.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the life, family history, and collecting interests of World War II veteran and federal employee Benjamin T. Layton. Layton grew up in Virginia and settled in Kensington, Maryland. Notable aspects of the collection include nineteenth-century photographs of African Americans, photographs of Layton's family, 1970s political photographs, and first editions of Richard Wright's Black Boy and Booker T. Washington's Up from Slavery and Working with the Hands. Family photographs and memorabilia reflects the family's roots in Virginia and the Washington, D.C., area. Layton's historical photograph collection draws from photographers in the Mid-Atlantic and New England.

Items date from circa 1865 to 1977. The collection measures 3.45 linear feet and is composed of newsletters, clippings, pamphlets, newspapers, correspondence, certificates, photographs, memorabilia, books, stamps, etchings, and programs. It has been arranged in three series: Series I: Biographical Files, 1913-1977, Series II: Photographs, circa 1865-1977, and Series III: Printed Material, 1901-circa 1976. Some items in Series II and Series III are oversized.
Biographical / Historical:
Benjamin Thomas Layton was born on December 24, 1917, in Hanover, Virginia, to a prominent Virginia family. His maternal great-grandfather, Ballard Trent Edwards, was a freeborn African American man who opened a school for formerly enslaved people and served for eight years in the Virginia House of Delegates. His father, William Brown Layton, was the superintendent of the Negro Reformatory of Virginia (later the Virginia Manual Labor School), a reform school for African American boys located in Hanover County.

Layton was an athlete and scholar, playing varsity tennis and attending Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia. He did graduate work in social sciences at the University of Chicago and Howard University, but his studies were interrupted by the draft in 1941.

Layton served with distinction in the U.S. Army during World War II, leading truck convoys carrying soldiers, supplies, weapons, and prisoners of war during the Battle of the Bulge. He also worked in military intelligence. His last active duty assignment was commanding a military detachment in Baumholder, Germany. His decorations included the Bronze Star, which he was awarded in 1977. He attained the rank of lieutenant colonel before retiring from the Army in 1963.

From 1963 to 1966 he worked in Europe, then returned to the United States in 1966, where he was an ROTC instructor at Chamberlain Vocational High School in Washington, D.C. He left in 1967 to become an equal-opportunity specialist at the United States Department of Agriculture, from which he retired in 1985. His brother William W. Layton also lived and worked in the Washington, D.C., area.

Layton had a passion for collecting and donated coins, paper money, and military artifacts to the Smithsonian National Museum of American History. He also donated objects relating to clubs and fraternities to the Anacostia Community Museum. He was a member of numerous organizations, including the Retired Officers Association, the Reserve Officers Association of the United States, the American Legion, the Prince Hall Masons, the Kiwanis Club of Wheaton, and the Federation Nationale des Anciens Combattants, a French veterans group.

Layton was married twice, his first marriage to Irma Goode ending in divorce. He lived in Kensington, Maryland, with his second wife Marguerite, with whom he had two daughters. He died on February 15, 2001, at age 83 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Related Materials:
The Anacostia Community Museum houses more items in the Benjamin Layton Collection, including buttons, fraternity paddles, lapel pins, and medals.

Order to Report for Induction, 1941. 1993.3172.04. The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, National Museum of American History.

Notice to Appear for Physical Exam, 1940. 1993.3172.03. The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, National Museum of American History.

Layton Family Collection, 228 THL, Stewart Bell Jr. Archives, Handley Regional Library, Winchester, VA, USA.
Provenance:
The Benjamin Layton collection was donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in two accretions in 1976 and 1978 by Benjamin Layton.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (U.S.)  Search this
African American newspapers  Search this
African American veterans  Search this
African American military personnel  Search this
Bronze Star Medal (U.S.)  Search this
African American families  Search this
Politicians -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cartes-de-visite
Postage stamps
Programs
Tintypes
Correspondence
Newsletters
Cabinet photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Portraits
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Photographs
Etchings
Copy prints
Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7a7a31ca3-471d-4043-b1cf-deb28306f0b1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-031
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Edwin and Louise Rosskam

Interviewee:
Rosskam, Edwin, 1903-1985  Search this
Rosskam, Louise, 1910-2003  Search this
Interviewer:
Doud, Richard Keith  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
United States. Farm Security Administration. Historical Section  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
Stryker, Roy Emerson, 1893-1975  Search this
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Wolcott, Marion Post, 1910-1990  Search this
Wright, Richard, 1908-1960  Search this
Extent:
70 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1965 August 3
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Edwin and Louise Rosskam conducted 1965 August 3, by Richard Doud, for the Archives of American Art, at their home, in Roosevelt, N.J.
Edwin Rosskam speaks of his background and youth in Germany; coming to the United States; his education in painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts; the early development of his interest in photography; getting his photojournalism career started; joining the Farm Security Administration and working under Roy Stryker; the view of America presented by the work produced by the FSA; photography exhibits he has done; the effect upon him of the people he met and photographed during his FSA career; the political impact of the FSA; applications and uses of the photographs produced by the FSA; the project's strengths and weaknesses; books and other projects he has contributed to. He recalls Roy Stryker, Dorothea Lange, Marion Post Wolcott, John Vachon, and the novelist Richard Wright. Louise Rosskam discusses the impact upon her of the people who were photographed, propagandistic aspects of the work, and the impact of the FSA project on photojournalism.
Biographical / Historical:
Edwin (1903-1985) and Louis Rosskam (1910-2003) were photographers from Roosevelt, N.J.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 3 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 49 min.
Provenance:
This interview conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Documentary photography  Search this
Photographers -- New Jersey -- Roosevelt -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.rosska65
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ba89d9eb-7946-40b2-ad3c-86e22b450e77
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rosska65
Online Media:

A father's law / Richard Wright

Author:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 268, 32 p. : ill ; 21 cm
Type:
Fiction
Psychological fiction
Suspense fiction
Date:
2008
C2008
Topic:
African American police chiefs  Search this
Fathers and sons  Search this
Conflict of generations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_904873

American hunger / Richard Wright ; afterword by Michel Fabre

Author:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960  Search this
Physical description:
146 p. 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
1977
C1977
20th century
Topic:
Authors, American  Search this
Call number:
PS3545.R815 Z498 1977X
PS3545.R815Z498 1977X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_88841

Black on black; commentaries by Negro Americans / edited by Arnold Adoff ; foreword by Roger Mae Johnson

Compiler:
Adoff, Arnold  Search this
Subject:
Douglass, Frederick 1817?-1895 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Du Bois, W. E. B (William Edward Burghardt) 1868-1963 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Wright, Richard 1908-1960 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Ellison, Ralph Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Baldwin, James 1924-1987 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
X, Malcolm 1925-1965  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 236 pages 23 cm
Type:
Literary collections
Date:
1968
[1968]
1964-1975
Topic:
African Americans--History  Search this
African Americans--Social conditions  Search this
American literature--African American authors  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1047178

Richard Wright : a documented chronology, 1908-1960 / Toru Kiuchi and Yoshinobu Hakutani

Author:
Kiuchi, Tōru 1953-  Search this
Hakutani, Yoshinobu 1935-  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 446 pages ; 26 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
2013
20th century
Topic:
Authors, American  Search this
African American authors  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1049948

Uncle Tom's children

Author:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960  Search this
Physical description:
317 p. ; 18 cm
Type:
Fiction
Date:
1938
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Call number:
PS3545.R815 U53 1938
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_727792

Sangre negra : breve historia de una película perdida / Edgardo C. Krebs

Author:
Krebs, Edgardo C.  Search this
Publisher:
Instituto Nacional de Cine y Artes Audiovisuales (Argentina)  Search this
Author:
Festival Internacional de Cine de Mar del Plata (30th : 2015) host institution  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960 Native son  Search this
Physical description:
89 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2015
Topic:
Race relations in motion pictures  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1056498

12 million black voices; a folk history of the Negro in the United States. Photo-direction by Edwin Rosskam

Author:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960  Search this
Rosskam, Edwin 1903-1985  Search this
Physical description:
152 p. illus. 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1941
Topic:
African Americans--Social conditions  Search this
Call number:
E185.6.W9X 1941
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_426753

New essays on Native son / edited by Keneth Kinnamon

Author:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960 Native son  Search this
Kinnamon, Keneth  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960 Native son  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 156 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1990
Topic:
African Americans in literature  Search this
Call number:
PS3545.R815N343 1990 X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_439767

Exiled in Paris : Richard Wright, James Baldwin, Samuel Beckett and others on the Left Bank / James Campbell

Author:
Campbell, James 1951-  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960 Homes and haunts  Search this
Girodias, Maurice  Search this
Trocchi, Alexander 1925-1984  Search this
Baldwin, James 1924-1987  Search this
Olympia Press (Paris, France)  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 271 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
France
Paris
Paris (France)
Rive gauche (Paris, France)
Date:
1995
C1995
20th century
Topic:
Literature publishing--History  Search this
African Americans--History  Search this
African American authors  Search this
Intellectual life  Search this
Biography  Search this
Call number:
CT275.W952 C2 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_473919

Richard Wright and the library card / by William Miller ; illustrated by Gregory Christie

Author:
Miller, William 1959-  Search this
Christie, R. Gregory 1971-  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : col. ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Juvenile fiction
Date:
1997
C1997
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Books and reading  Search this
Libraries  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_763349

Black power by Richard Wright

Author:
Beier, Ulli  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960 Black power  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
2001
1957
Call number:
DT515.4 .B43 2001
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_769030

The unfinished quest of Richard Wright. Translated from the French by Isabel Barzun

Author:
Fabre, Michel  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 652p. illus., ports., 24cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1973
Call number:
CT275.W952 F12 E1973
CT275.W952F12 E1973
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_37229

Richard Wright's dream of Africa

Author:
Moore, Jack B  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Wright, Richard 1908-1960 Views on Africa  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
1975
Call number:
DT1 .J8585
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_795871

Richard Wright, daemonic genius : a portrait of the man, a critical look at his work / Margaret Walker

Author:
Walker, Margaret 1915-1998  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 428 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
1988
C1988
20th century
Topic:
Novelists, American  Search this
Call number:
CT275.W952 W2
CT275.W952W2
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_363314

Black theater, U.S.A.; forty-five plays by Black Americans, 1847-1974. James V. Hatch, editor. Ted Shine, consultant

Author:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960  Search this
Green, Paul 1894-1981  Search this
Richards, Stanley  Search this
Hill, Abram 1910-1986  Search this
Pawley, Thomas D. 1917-  Search this
Baldwin, James 1924-1987  Search this
Peterson, Louis 1922-  Search this
Branch, William  Search this
Mitchell, Loften  Search this
Charles, Martie  Search this
Sebree, Charles  Search this
Jackson, C. Bernard 1927-1996  Search this
Hatch, James Vernon, 1928-  Search this
Ward, Douglas Turner  Search this
Hansberry, Lorraine 1930-1965  Search this
Childress, Alice  Search this
Kennedy, Adrienne  Search this
Baraka, Amiri 1934-2014  Search this
Bullins, Ed  Search this
Salaam, Kalamu ya 1947-  Search this
Johnson, Georgia Douglas 1886-1966  Search this
Toomer, Jean 1894-1967  Search this
Matheus, John Frederick 1887-1983  Search this
Richardson, Willis 1889-1977  Search this
Edmonds, Randolph 1900-1983  Search this
Edward, H. F. V. 1898-1973  Search this
Hughes, Langston 1902-1967  Search this
Ward, Theodore 1902-1983  Search this
Dodson, Owen 1914-1983  Search this
Miller, May  Search this
Browne, Robert Theodore  Search this
Aldridge, Ira Frederick -1867  Search this
Séjour, Victor 1817-1874  Search this
Brown, William Wells 1814?-1884  Search this
Cotter, Joseph S (Joseph Seamon) 1861-1949  Search this
Anderson, Garland  Search this
Grimké, Angelina Weld 1880-1958  Search this
Dunbar-Nelson, Alice Moore 1875-1935  Search this
Burrill, Mary 1884-1946  Search this
Livingston, Myrtle Smith  Search this
Ruth Gaines-Shelton  Search this
Spence, Eulalie 1894-1981  Search this
Bonner, Marita 1898-1971  Search this
Shine, Ted  Search this
Compiler:
Hatch, James V (James Vernon) 1928-  Search this
Physical description:
x, 886 pages 27 cm
Type:
Drama
Anthologie
Date:
1974
[1974]
Topic:
American drama--African American authors  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Call number:
PS628.N4 H3X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_35161

Native son / by Richard Wright ; afterword by John Reilly

Author:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960  Search this
Physical description:
398 pages ; 19 cm
Type:
Fiction
Psychological fiction
Place:
Chicago (Ill.)
Date:
1966
[1966]
Topic:
Thomas, Bigger (Fictitious character)  Search this
African American men  Search this
Death row inmates  Search this
Trials (Murder)  Search this
Murderers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1041740

Tradition and industrialization / Richard Wright

Author:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960 Views on race  Search this
Wright, Richard 1908-1960 Views on colonization  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
1956
Call number:
NX50 .C74 1956
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1007964

Black boy : (American hunger) : a record of childhood and youth / Richard Wright ; with an introduction by Jerry W. Ward, Jr

Author:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Richard 1908-1960 Childhood and youth  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 419 p. : port. ; 21 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Mississippi
Date:
1998
1993
20th century
Topic:
African Americans--Social life and customs  Search this
Authors, American  Search this
African American authors  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_697070

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