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Anne Pearse-Hocker negatives, photographs, and other materials

Photographer:
Pearse-Hocker, Anne  Search this
Names:
American Indian Movement  Search this
Aquash, Anna Mae, 1945-1976  Search this
Banks, Dennis  Search this
Bellecourt, Clyde H. (Clyde Howard), 1936-  Search this
Bellecourt, Vernon  Search this
Black Elk, Wallace H.  Search this
Frizzell, Kent, 1929-  Search this
Means, Russell, 1939-  Search this
Extent:
54 contact sheets (black and white)
35 mm. (black and white, 8 x 10 in.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Contact sheets
Black-and-white negatives
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Pine Ridge (S.D.)
Wounded Knee (S.D.) -- History -- Indian occupation, 1973
Date:
1970-1973
Summary:
The majority of Pearse-Hocker's momentous negatives give eyewitness account to two weeks of both the mundane and brutal reality of daily life during the 1973 occupation of Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in Pine Ridge, South Dakota. The takeover of the town and the conflict between about 200 members of AIM (American Indian Movement, the Native American civil rights activist organization begun in the 1968) and the United States Marshals Service began on February 27 and lasted for 71 days, resulting in tragedy on both sides of the conflict. Members of AIM along with some local Oglala (Lakota) Sioux from the local reservation took over the town in protest against the United States Government's history of broken treaties with various Native groups, the poverty and maltreatment of Native populations, as well as in defiance against the corruption and paternalism within the local subsidiary of the BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs). The siege finally came to an end on May 5 when members of AIM and the assistant attorney general for the Civil Division of the US Justice Department Harlington Wood Jr. settled on a ceasefire. Kent Frizzell served as Chief Government Negotiator in the capacity of Assistant Attorney General (Land and Natural Resources Division, U. S. Department of Justice) and later as Solicitor, U. S. Department of the Interior. Among those pictured both during and post-conflict are AIM activists Dennis Banks, Clyde and Vernon Bellecourt, Ted and Russell Means, Frank Clearwater, Wallace Black Elk and Anna Mae Pictou Aquash. A small number of negatives also document AIM's takeover of the BIA building and the AIM Powwow both in Minneapolis in 1970.
Arrangement note:
Negatives: organized in binders; arranged in sleeves by strip and image number, interspersed with relevant applicable contact sheets
Biographical/Historical note:
Anne Pearse-Hocker is a photojournalist who first encountered the American Indian Movement while a student on assignment for a journalism class at the University of Kansas. Her photographs document some very important moments in the early history of the American Indian Movement (AIM).

Pearse-Hocker was scheduled to interview the area director of the BIA in Minneapolis in the spring of 1970 as part of an Investigative Reporting class, and walked into the middle of an AIM occupation of the building, which she documented on film and with taped interviews. She stayed well past her spring break plans to use this opportunity to develop contacts with AIM leaders Clyde Bellecourt and Dennis Banks.

Her connections came in handy in 1973 during the occupation of Wounded Knee. Pearse-Hocker sneaked into the compound with a CBS news crew at night, and was allowed to remain due to her acquaintance with Banks, who remembered her from Minneapolis. She had strategically arrived the evening before the standoff was supposed to end, but when the settlement negotiations fell through, she remained in the compound for an additional few weeks, documenting the daily events including the firefight that claimed Frank Clearwater's life.

Pearse-Hocker returned to Wounded Knee in 1998 to revisit the site on the 25th anniversary of the occupation, and documented the experience for the journal 'Native Americas' (Spring 1998 issue) with new photographs of some of the survivors of the event.

After a career of news photography in broadcast journalism, she is retired and living in Montana.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the Archive Center to make an appointment.
Rights:
Copyright: Anne Pearse-Hocker, 1973. Researchers must contact copyright holder for permissions, reproductions, and use.
Topic:
Teton Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Government relations  Search this
Oglala Indians -- Government relations  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Contact sheets
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.028
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-028

Red Power : the Native American civil rights movement / Troy R. Johnson

Author:
Johnson, Troy R  Search this
Subject:
American Indian Movement History  Search this
Physical description:
112 p. : ill. (some col.), map ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
2007
C2007
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Politics and government  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_825133

Ojibwa warrior : Dennis Banks and the rise of the American Indian Movement / Dennis Banks with Richard Erdoes

Author:
Banks, Dennis  Search this
Erdoes, Richard 1912-2008  Search this
Subject:
Banks, Dennis  Search this
American Indian Movement History  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 362 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
2004
C2004
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Civil rights  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_732753

Viet Cong at Wounded Knee : the trail of a Blackfeet activist / Woody Kipp

Author:
Kipp, Woody  Search this
Subject:
Kipp, Woody  Search this
Physical description:
157 p. [6] p. of plates : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Montana
Cut Bank
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
2004
C2004
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Social conditions  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Indian veterans  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_758991

Wounded Knee in 1891 and 1973 : prophets, protest, and a century of Sioux Resistance / by Ivy Briana Bohnlein

Author:
Bohnlein, Ivy Briana  Search this
Physical description:
54 p
Type:
Books
Place:
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
1998
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Government relations--History  Search this
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
E99.D1 .B64 1998a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_604914

Ghost dancing the law : the Wounded Knee trials / John William Sayer

Author:
Sayer, John William  Search this
Subject:
Banks, Dennis Trials, litigation, etc  Search this
American Indian Movement  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 310 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
1997
1934-
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890--Claims  Search this
Government relations  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_629766

Like a hurricane : the Indian movement from Alcatraz to Wounded Knee / Paul Chaat Smith & Robert Allen Warrior

Title:
Hurricane
Author:
Smith, Paul Chaat  Search this
Warrior, Robert Allen  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 343 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Alcatraz Island (Calif.)
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
1996
C1996
1934-
Indian occupation, 1969-1971
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
E93 .S65 1996
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_515027

Wounded Knee 1973 : a personal account / Stanley David Lyman ; edited by Floyd A. O'Neil, June K. Lyman, and Susan McKay ; foreword by Alvin M. Josephy, Jr

Author:
Lyman, Stanley David 1913-1979  Search this
O'Neil, Floyd A  Search this
Lyman, June K. 1912-  Search this
McKay, Susan 1948-  Search this
Subject:
Lyman, Stanley David 1913-1979 Diaries  Search this
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs Officials and employees Diaries  Search this
Physical description:
xxxix, 180 p., [15] p. of plates : ill., map ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
1991
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
History  Search this
Personal narratives  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_412619

Voices from Wounded Knee, 1973, in the words of the participants

Author:
Anderson, Robert  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 264 p. : ill. ; 21 x 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
1976
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_453965

Voices from Wounded Knee, 1973, in the words of the participants

Physical description:
viii, 263 p. : ill. ; 21 x 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
1974
[1974]
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
American Indian movement--History  Search this
Government relations  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
E99.O3 V64X
E99.O3V64X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_50216

We are still here : a photographic history of the American Indian Movement / photographs by Dick Bancroft ; text by Laura Waterman Wittstock

Author:
Bancroft, Dick 1927-  Search this
Wittstock, Laura Waterman  Search this
Subject:
American Indian Movement History  Search this
American Indian Movement History  Search this
Physical description:
xxvii, 210 pages : color illustrations ; 29 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Portraits
Place:
United States
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
2013
1934-
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Indian activists  Search this
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1009905

Alias the Buffalo Doctor / by Jean Cummings

Author:
Cummings, Jean  Search this
Physical description:
266 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Anecdotes
Place:
Michigan
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
1980
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Bison farming  Search this
American bison  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1031412

The thunder before the storm : the autobiography of Clyde Bellecourt / as told to Jon Lurie

Title:
Autobiography of Clyde Bellecourt
Author:
Bellecourt, Clyde H (Clyde Howard) 1936-  Search this
Lurie, Jon 1967-  Search this
Subject:
Bellecourt, Clyde H (Clyde Howard) 1936-  Search this
American Indian Movement  Search this
Physical description:
336 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Personal narratives
History
Place:
United States
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
2016
1934-
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Human rights workers  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1066779

Airlift to Wounded Knee / Bill Zimmerman

Author:
Zimmerman, Bill  Search this
Physical description:
[42] p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
1975
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
History  Search this
Call number:
E99.O3 Z56 1975
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_903095

Wounded Knee II / Rolland Dewing

Title:
Wounded Knee 2
Author:
Dewing, Rolland  Search this
Physical description:
213 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
2000
C2000
1934-
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
E99.O3 D49 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_916650

American Indian mafia : an FBI agent's true story about Wounded Knee, Leonard Peltier, and the American Indian Movement (AIM) / Joseph H. Trimbach and John M. Trimbach ; [foreword by Richard Two Elk]

Author:
Trimbach, Joseph H  Search this
Trimbach, John M  Search this
Subject:
Peltier, Leonard  Search this
American Indian Movement History  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 631 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
2008
C2008
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_965038

The Hank Adams reader : an exemplary native activist and the unleashing of indigenous sovereignty / edited by David E. Wilkins

Author:
Wilkins, David E (David Eugene) 1954-  Search this
Subject:
Adams, Henry 1944-  Search this
American Indian Movement History  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 312 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
2011
C2011
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Indian activists  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Claims  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972  Search this
Self-determination, National  Search this
History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_971688

Hippies, Indians, and the fight for red power / Sherry L. Smith

Author:
Smith, Sherry L (Sherry Lynn) 1951-  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 265 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Alcatraz Island (Calif.)
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
2012
C2012
1934-
20th century
Indian occupation, 1969-1971
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Politics and government  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Indian activists--History  Search this
Church work with Indians--History  Search this
Counterculture--History  Search this
Social movements--History  Search this
Protest movements--History  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_991001

They called me uncivilized : the memoir of an everyday Lakota man from Wounded Knee / Walter Littlemoon with Jane Ridgway

Title:
Memoir of an everyday Lakota man from Wounded Knee
Author:
Littlemoon, Walter  Search this
Ridgway, Jane  Search this
Subject:
Littlemoon, Walter  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 93 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Personal narratives
Place:
South Dakota
Wounded Knee
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
2009
C2009
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Oglala Indians  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_993158

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