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V-Mail Letter Sheet

Medium:
paper; ink; adhesive
Dimensions:
Overall: 27.9 x 21.6cm (11 x 8 1/2in.)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place:
United States of America
Date:
1944
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Object number:
2002.2013.54
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm86953423d-5d0a-4984-b9d1-8b8482efc619
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2002.2013.54
Online Media:

Grace F. Thorpe Collection

Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Names:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)  Search this
Abourezk, James G., 1931-  Search this
Seely, Dagmar  Search this
Thorpe, Charlotte  Search this
Thorpe, Jim, 1887-1953  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Linear feet
2,175 Photographic prints
166 Negatives (photographic)
27 Nitrate negatives
113 Slides (photographs)
5 Contact sheets
Culture:
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Nitrate negatives
Slides (photographs)
Contact sheets
Place:
Oklahoma
Arizona
Japan -- 1940-1950
Pearl River (N.Y.)
Jim Thorpe (Pa.)
Date:
1900-2008
Scope and Contents:
The Grace F. Thorpe Collection (1900-2008) includes documents, photographic prints, slides, negatives and other materials that encapsulate the breadth of Grace Thorpe's life and work as a WWII veteran, Native rights activist, and dedicated daughter, mother and family member. This includes material from her personal, military and professional life. Series 1: Early Life and Family History (1921-1940) includes materials related to the Thorpe family including photographs of Grace's parents, Jim and Iva at the Carlisle Indian School as well as letters and photographs from Grace as a young girl. Series 2: Military Career and Life in Japan (1943-1950) includes documents, photographic prints and negatives from Grace's time as a Corporal in the Women's Army Corps and her life as a wife and mother in Japan following the war. This series also includes the medals Grace received for her service in WWII. Series 3: Pearl River, New York and Business (1950-1967) contains documents and photographs from Grace's time as a mother and business woman in Pearl River, New York. Series 4: Working on Behalf of Native Americans and Activism (1968-1977) includes documents, photographic prints and negatives from Grace's work with various Native American organizations on economic and civil rights issues following her move to Arizona in 1967. Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy (1912-1984) includes documents, photographic prints and negatives regarding Jim Thorpe and the work by the Thorpe family to restore Jim's Olympic record and keep his legacy alive. Series 6: Later Years (1979-2007) includes documents, photographic prints and negatives from Grace's life in Oklahoma, her work as an environmental activist, and other activities later in her life.
Arrangement:
This collection has been arranged in six series chronologically based on how the collection was received with minor changes. The Series' include--Series 1: Early Life and Family History (1921-1940), Series 2: Military Career and Life in Japan (1943-1950), Series 3: Pearl River, New York and Business (1950-1967), Series 4: Working on Behalf of Native Americans and Activism (1968-1977), Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy (1912-1984), and Series 6: Later Years (1979-2007). There is some chronological crossover between Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy and the rest of the collection.

The physical arrangement of the materials was determined by storage needs.
Biographical / Historical:
Grace Frances Thorpe was born in Yale, Oklahoma on December 10, 1921 to parents James (Jim) Francis Thorpe (Sac and Fox (Sauk)) and Iva Margaret Miller Thorpe. Jim, already a famed athelete and olympic medalist, had met Iva as students at Carlisle Indian School and were married in 1913. Grace was the youngest of four, Gail Margaret, James and Charlotte Marie though her brother James died from polio at a young age. When Iva and Jim divorced in 1923, Iva and the girls moved to Chicago while Jim moved to California to pursue work in the movies. For school, Grace attended St. Mary's Academy, Sacred Heart, in Oklahoma and Haskell Institute in Kansas, which was where her father had attended school.

In 1943 Grace worked briefly at the Ford Motor Company before enlisting in the Women's Army Corps (WAC) during WWII. After attending training and graduating from the WAAC Training Center in Ft. Oglethorpe, Georgia, Thorpe attained the rank of Corporal, and served as a Recruiter for the Women's Army Corps stationed in Tucson and Camp White in Oregon before being assigned overseas to the New Guinea Campaign. From 1944-1945 Corporal Thorpe was stationed in New Guinea, Philippines and Japan. Following an Honorable Discharge in 1945, Grace remained in Japan during the occupation with her husband Lieutenant Fred W. Seely (1918-2008) whom she married in June 1946. She became employed at General MacArthur Headquarters as Chief of the Recruitment Section, Department of Army Civilians, Tokyo, Japan. Both of her children, Dagmar (1946-) and Paul Thorpe (1948-1964) were born during this time in Japan.

Grace and her children left Japan and arrived in San Francisco on April 20, 1950. They lived in Pearl River, New York from late 1950 to the mid 1960s. She first became employed as a Hostess with Welcome Wagon upon completing training in July of 1951 and later became a supervisor, business machine salesperson, and territorial account executive for the Yellow Pages with the Reuben H. Donnelly Corp. earning recognition in Distinguished Sales Performance. She completed a course in effective speaking and human relations conducted by the Dale Carnegie Institute and won a Best Speech Award. In 1967, Grace moved to Arizona where she became involved with American Indian tribes. Grace was appointed Economic Development Conference Coordinator for the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI)'s 1968 and 1969 conferences. In 1969-1970, Grace joined Native American Activists at the occupation of Alcatraz Island for three months and managed their publicity. She then served as a Congressional Intern from 1974-1975 for Senator James Abourezk. Grace was later appointed Legislative Assistant with the Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs and as a Task Force Program and Planning Analyst for the American Indian Policy Review Commission. During this time period she attended—The Antioch School of Law, Washington DC; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Research Fellow), Boston, Massachusetts; University of Tennessee, Knoxville and Northeastern University, Tahlequah, Oklahoma. During this time she also began working on the restoration of her father's 1912 Olympic titles as well as other projects to recognize and honor her father.

After returning to her tribal homeland in Oklahoma she became active in tribal affairs and in 1983 successfully restored her father's Olympic record. She also conducted genealogical research on the Thorpe family. Her article "The Jim Thorpe Family' was published as a two-part series in the Chronicles of Oklahoma in 1981. In later years, Grace served her tribe as a tribal judge, health commissioner, and became an environmental activist opposing nuclear waste on tribal lands. She remained active in Native American issues, a matriarch of the Thorpe family, and involved with her granddaughter, Tena Malotte, and her great-grandchildren, Aspen and Huna.

Biographical note provided by Dagmar Seely, daughter to Grace Thorpe, with additions by Rachel Menyuk, Processing Archivist.
Separated Materials:
27 nitrate negatives have been moved offsite and are being housed at the National Anthropological Archives.
Provenance:
Donated by Dr. Dagmar Seely and Tena Malotte, 2015.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Yellow pages  Search this
United States. Army. Women's Army Corps  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- New Guinea.  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Japan.  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Philippines.  Search this
Alcatraz Island (Calif.) -- History -- Indian occupation, 1969-1971.  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.085
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv40c1b8318-3394-45f2-8ac1-45348543fb36
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-085
Online Media:

US Army Air Force Japanese Propaganda Leaflet

Creator:
United States. Office of War Information  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Leaflets
Biographies
Date:
1944
Summary:
Propaganda moved to the air during the Second World War. Leaflets bearing Japanese characters, like the one in this collection, were airdropped by US pilots in enemy-controlled territories of the Southwest Pacific with the intention to reduce the morale of their soldiers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a 4 by 6.5 inch airborne propaganda leaflet issued by the United States in 1944 and dropped over the Japanese-held territories in New Guinea and the Philippines. This leaflet is written in a traditional Japanese writing system - used by the privileged class at this time - and attempted to discourage enemy soldiers. Also included in this collection is the biography of Second Lieutenant Hubert J. Frank, a Consolidated B-24 Liberator pilot with the 65th Bombing Squadron assigned to the 43rd Bombardment Group of the Fifth Air Force, who helped scattered hundreds of these leaflets.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
Military aircrafts released leaflets, flyers, and other smaller paper items to promote agendas and persuade audiences. This distribution, usually scattered in the air over conflict zones, reached combatants and civilians. Often these materials were also dropped in conjunction with air strikes. In the Second World War, both the Allies and Axis utilized airborne leaflet propaganda as a method of psychological warfare to demoralize their enemy, undermine their authority, and induce surrender. In the Southwest Pacific theatre, the US pilots airdropped hundreds of propaganda leaflets over Japan as well as other territories controlled by the Japanese.
Related Materials:
US Army Air Force Japanese Propaganda Leaflets [Sylvan], NASM.2016.0018.
Provenance:
Jon Frank, Gift, 2016, NASM.2016.0017
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Propaganda  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Leaflets
Biographies
Citation:
US Army Air Force Japanese Propaganda Leaflet, NASM.2016.0017, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2016.0017
See more items in:
US Army Air Force Japanese Propaganda Leaflet
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg222297fdb-3669-4bc4-80ff-4fbc7ccaef2e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2016-0017
Online Media:

Join the Army or Navy as Nurses From Iceland to New Guinea - From India to North Africa - Wherever Our Armed Forces Are Stationed ... (June, 1943). American Red Cross.

Creator:
American Red Cross. (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
U.S. Army and Navy Nurse Corps  Search this
Collection Creator:
Princeton University  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (1/8 size; Multi-color, 29.5 x 21.5 cm)
Container:
Box 39, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Leaflets
Posters
Place:
United States
Date:
1943 Jun
Image:
Main Image: Two Army and Navy Nurses, both in uniform

Other Image(s): 14 photographs: (1) Nurses waiting for ship assignments (2) Nurses on Hospital Ship [etc]
Local numbers:
Princeton Poster# 8031
General:
Issued by: American National Red Cross

Issued for: Army & Navy Nurse Corps

Artist(s): Anon
Series:
ARC 1612
Locale:
Washington (D.C.)
Printing Info:
Printing Information: New York Other Printing Info: LIP & BA Union Label S.A. No.1 Registered 34

Property of Princeton [...] Received JUN 19, 1943
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright status of items varies. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Relief and volunteer organizations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Posters -- United States  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- War work  Search this
Women in war  Search this
Genre/Form:
Leaflets
Posters -- World War, 1939-1945 -- United States
Collection Citation:
Princeton University Posters Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Princeton University Poster Collection
Princeton University Poster Collection / Series 4: World War Two / United States
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f1bc3876-c679-48bb-8477-d1361e47a361
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0433-ref14770

"Valentine Greetings to Mary MacDonald" watercolor drawing

Medium:
paper; ink; watercolor
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 4 x 5 13/16 in. (10.1 x 14.8 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place:
United States of America
Date:
c. 1944
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.1
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm864c6ccbd-2c44-40f8-ad7d-c1702334a132
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.1

Hand-illustrated cover

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA C25
Medium:
paper; ink; watercolor
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 4 x 8 11/16 in. (10.1 x 22 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Origin:
Netherlands Indies (Dutch colony)
Place of Destination:
New York
Date:
October 25, 1944
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.10
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8cb8f5b67-3efa-4a81-b0d6-07cf1e7873cf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.10

Hand-illustrated cover

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA C25
Medium:
paper; ink; watercolor
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 11/16 x 6 1/2 in. (9.4 x 16.5 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Destination:
New York
Date:
c. 1944
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.11
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8a83e3b99-7f7a-441c-b3d1-db805b0f535f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.11
Online Media:

Hand-illustrated cover

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA UC3
Medium:
paper; ink; watercolor
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 15/16 x 6 3/4 in. (10 x 17.2 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Destination:
New York
Date:
c. 1944
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.12
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm84ca51120-9f7d-44e6-82e0-daba86e0220c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.12

Hand-illustrated cover

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA UC3
Medium:
paper; ink; watercolor
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 3/4 x 6 13/16 in. (9.6 x 17.3 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Destination:
New York
Date:
November 14, 1944
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.13
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8362abfd0-6343-4f1d-b729-0c2104f3df68
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.13

Hand-illustrated cover

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 807
Scott Catalogue USA C25
Medium:
paper; ink
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 9/16 x 6 in. (9 x 15.2 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Destination:
Arizona
Place of Origin:
New York
Date:
c. 1944
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.14
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm82e687dfc-f41e-4f02-8522-8bd8e05815b5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.14
Online Media:

Hand-illustrated cover

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA UC3
Medium:
paper; ink; watercolor
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 7/8 x 6 7/8 in. (9.8 x 17.4 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Destination:
New York
Date:
July 25, 1945
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.15.1
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8664037b3-64ad-43ea-9a58-5eccc75fa8a2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.15.1
Online Media:

Letter from Jack Fogarty to Mary MacDonald

Medium:
paper (onionskin); ink
Dimensions:
Height x Width (2.1, 2.2 and 2.3): 10 1/2 x 8 1/16 in. (26.6 x 20.5 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Origin:
Philippines
Date:
July 24, 1945
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.15.2.1-3
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm82ed823f2-6bbc-49e1-8074-5e454a029a24
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.15.2.1-3
Online Media:

Hand-illustrated cover

Medium:
paper; ink; watercolor
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 11/16 x 6 1/2 in. (9.4 x 16.5 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Destination:
New York
Date:
c. 1944
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.16
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8dc7a8989-c3fe-45b9-a1a6-2d4fd37bbce7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.16

Hand-illustrated cover

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA UC3
Medium:
paper; ink; watercolor
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 3/4 x 6 3/4 in. (9.6 x 17.2 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Destination:
New York
Date:
June 29, 1945
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.17
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm87c5f0ebe-0ec2-4b16-bf9c-4f58c8eb55e8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.17

Hand-illustrated cover

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA UC3
Medium:
paper; ink; watercolor
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 3/4 x 6 3/4 in. (9.6 x 17.2 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Destination:
New York
Date:
August 16, 1945
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.18
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm84db42f2c-ab87-4e1d-9d38-32c5f02703d2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.18
Online Media:

Hand-illustrated cover

Title:
Scott Catalogue Great Britain 248
Medium:
paper; ink; watercolor
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 4 1/8 x 6 9/16 in. (10.5 x 16.6 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Origin:
GREAT BRITAIN
Place of Destination:
New York
Date:
c. 1947
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.19
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8a49e089e-603f-4d41-b0db-dee10030be97
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.19
Online Media:

Hand-illustrated cover

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA C25
Medium:
paper; ink; watercolor
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 4 15/16 x 6 9/16 in. (12.6 x 16.6 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Destination:
New York
Date:
June 5, 1944
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.2
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8b74531d9-0cec-4ad2-b33f-04a9ef2b9dc1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.2

Hand-illustrated cover

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA UC3
Medium:
paper; ink
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 3/4 x 6 3/4 in. (9.6 x 17.1 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Destination:
New York
Date:
June 13, 1945
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.20.1
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm80a309fba-3a96-40ef-ae3e-2bec0b30c9a6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.20.1

Hand-illustrated cover

Title:
Scott Catalogue Great Britain 248
Medium:
paper; ink; watercolor
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 5/8 x 6 in. (9.2 x 15.2 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Origin:
GREAT BRITAIN
Place of Destination:
New York
Date:
May 19, 1947
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.21
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm83204fa62-ceca-45ff-b9f4-89f7ab297477
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.21
Online Media:

Hand-illustrated cover

Medium:
paper; ink; watercolor
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 15/16 x 7 1/8 in. (10 x 18.1 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place of Destination:
Arizona
Place of Origin:
Arizona
Date:
c. 1944
Topic:
World War II (1939-1945)  Search this
Covers & Letters  Search this
Object number:
2012.2006.22
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm827f9802d-8190-464a-8b48-6cd318ba69c8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2006.22
Online Media:

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