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Gerald Lamboley Collection of Japanese-American Letters

Creator:
Sato, Sanji (student)  Search this
Satow, R. (student)  Search this
Satow, Susama Paul (student)  Search this
Lamboley, E. Gerald  Search this
Sato, Kiyo (student)  Search this
Komata, Tomi (student)  Search this
Names:
Edward Kelley School (Sacramento (Cal.))  Search this
Pinedale Assembly Camp.  Search this
Poston Relocation Camp  Search this
War Relocation Authority  Search this
Cox, Mary Aline, 1890-1972 (teacher)  Search this
Extent:
0.12 Cubic feet (1 folder, 6 letters)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Biographies
Typescripts
Transcripts
Place:
Sacramento (Calif.) -- Correspondence -- 1940-1950
Poston (Ariz.) -- Correspondence -- 1940-1950
Pinedale (Calif.) -- Correspondence -- 1940-1950
Date:
1942-1943
Summary:
Letters from students of Japanese-American ancestry to Miss Cox, their former teacher at the Edward Kelley School in Sacramento, California. This teacher has been identified as Mary Aline Cox by Ms. Colleen Zoller, January 13, 2009.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains six letters dated 1942 1943 from former students of Japanese American ancestry to Miss Cox, a teacher at the Edward Kelley School in Sacramento, California. Three letters were written from inside a camp, while the others were written from outside of camp. The letters are arranged chronologically. Sanji Sato, a young male not yet out of high school, penned both Letters 1 and 3. The first dated June 12, 1942 was written from Pinedale "A.C." [Assembly Center]. This letter contains a brief description of the center, one of many used to keep internees until the ten more permanent camps were prepared to receive them, and its physical surroundings, as well a mention of the medical examination and vaccinations the evacuees underwent.

Letter 3, more lengthy in nature, covers the dates January 1, 1943, to March 6, 1943. Sent from Poston, Arizona (location of the largest relocation camp), Sato indicated the block and barrack numbers of his lodgings. The camp is defined by the arid surroundings, temperature, flora and fauna, and natural landmarks; its

inhabitants are defined by their New Year's Exhibition and Boy Scout Troops. Pertinent to the historian are Sato's opinion of the "loyalty" forms, why Japanese Americans should fight in World War II, and the behavior of other Poston residents. Also of interest are his personal discussions of his former life on the farm, his passion for the American flag, and remembrance of his dog.

Letter 2 was written by a student identified as "Kiyo" on December 26, 1942, in Garrett, Indiana while on vacation from college (later identified as Ms. Kiyo Sato). A former internee at Poston Relocation Center, she wrote of her reaction to school and dorm life, as well as her reaction, as a person of Japanese ancestry, to a Midwestern town. She expressed hope of ending any misconceptions and of the evacuees returning home "in one piece." Letter 4 is signed "R. Satow and family" and dated April 19, 1943. A year after leaving the relocation center, the writer, having reached Keenesburg, Colorado, thanks Miss Cox for her assistance. The writer's surroundings are reported in addition to updates on other former internees' activities.

The Poston Relocation Center was also the home of Susuma Paul Satow, writer of Letter 5. Satow diplayed the belief that his volunteering in the army benefited the government and reflected well on Japanese Americans. Another topic discussed the regret that some "No No Boys" experienced and Satow's personal lack of empathy for them. The writer voiced concern about anti Japanese American discrimination in Sacramento, and, thus, his hesitancy to return.

Letter 6, from Tomi Komata, was undated and meant to inform Miss Cox of his life in college (possibly Downer College). "Released and happy," Komata announced the lack of expected discrimination and the racial tension that did exist, as well as his scorn of those in camp who listened to rumors of prejudice. Mentions of the WRA and how internees should be more willing to embrace its programs are included.
Arrangement:
1 series. Not arranged.
Biographical / Historical:
On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 to bar "any and all persons" from certain sections of the United States for purposes of national defense. A reaction to the "yellow peril" "demonstrated" by the attack on Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941, the Executive Order would mean that all Japanese immigrants and Americans of Japanese ancestry would be required to "evacuate" the West Coast of the United States. By the end of this policy in 1946, over 120,000 men, women, and children had been forcefully relocated to various types of internment camps.

Not only had the possessions and lives of these people been disrupted, their privacy and Constitutional rights were ignored as the government thoroughly investigated their lives, looking for any signs of disloyalty to America. Early in 1943, tests were made of their "loyalty" as they were asked to forswear allegiance to the emperor of Japan, swear allegiance to the United States, and volunteer for military service.

Through programs established by the War Relocation Authority (WRA), internees were permitted to leave the camps permanently, provided they had a job or attended a college or university and passed additional government investigations. By 1943, 17,000 people had left the camps in this manner. Others left by joining the military. By 1946, the last permanent camp was dismantled.
Materials in Other Organizations:
War Relocation Authority, Record Group 210, or those of the United States Commands, 1947 , Record Group 338, National Archives and records Administration

National Headquarters of the Japanese American Citizens League in San Francisco, California

Japanese American National Museum in Los Angeles, California
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History:
Japanese American Documentary Collection, 1905-1945 (AC0305)
Provenance:
Collection donated by E. Gerald Lamboley, June 2, 1992.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Usage or copyright restrictions. Contact repository for further information.
Topic:
Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
Internees -- Japanese Americans -- 1940-1950  Search this
Concentration camps -- United States  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Japanese Americans  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Evacuation of civilians  Search this
Teachers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Students -- 1940-1950  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 1940-1950
Biographies
Typescripts -- 1940-1950
Transcripts
Citation:
Gerald Lamboley Collection of Japanese-American Letters, 1942-1943, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0450
See more items in:
Gerald Lamboley Collection of Japanese-American Letters
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0450
Online Media:

They called us enemy / written by George Takei, Justin Eisinger, Steven Scott ; art by Harmony Becker

Author:
Takei, George 1937-  Search this
Eisinger, Justin  Search this
Scott, Steven (Comics author)  Search this
Artist:
Becker, Harmony  Search this
Letterer:
Lazcano, Gilberto  Search this
Subject:
Takei, George 1937-  Search this
Takei, George 1937- Childhood and youth  Search this
Physical description:
204 pages : chiefly illustrations, portraits ; 23 cm
Type:
Comic books, strips, etc
Biography
Cartoons and comics
Young adult fiction
Graphic novels
Historical comics
Autobiographical comics
Place:
United States
Japan
California
Date:
2019
1850-1950
20th century
1933-1945
Topic:
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
Autobiographical comic books, strips, etc  Search this
Concentration camps  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
National characteristics, American  Search this
Prisoners of war  Search this
Ethnic relations  Search this
Minorities  Search this
Graphic novels  Search this
Actors  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Japanese Americans  Search this
Japanese--History  Search this
History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1110603

Life after Manzanar / Naomi Hirahara and Heather C. Lindquist ; foreword by Art Hansen

Author:
Hirahara, Naomi 1962- http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/aut http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2001100023 http://viaf.org/viaf/43650005  Search this
Lindquist, Heather C. http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/aut http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2011078792 http://viaf.org/viaf/210983581  Search this
Writer of introduction:
Hansen, Art http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n81137183 http://viaf.org/viaf/94763866  Search this
Subject:
Manzanar War Relocation Center http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79056407  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 187 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
Type:
Personal narratives
Place:
United States
California
Manzanar
Date:
2018
20th century
Topic:
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
Concentration camps  Search this
Japanese Americans--Civil rights  Search this
Japanese Americans--Reparations  Search this
Japanese Americans--Social conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1103915

Tom Crouch at "A More Perfect Union" Exhibit

Author:
Strauss, Richard  Search this
Subject:
Crouch, Tom D  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Dept of Social and Cultural History  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Exhibit
Date:
1989
Topic:
Employees  Search this
Japanese Americans  Search this
Museums--Employees  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
Standard number:
89-13614-14/15 or 89-13614.14
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_10122

Schools behind barbed wire : the untold story of wartime internment and the children of arrested enemy aliens / Karen L. Riley

Author:
Riley, Karen Lea 1946-  Search this
Subject:
Crystal City Internment Camp (Crystal City, Tex.)  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 175 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Texas
Crystal City
Crystal City (Tex.)
Date:
2001
C2002
20th century
Topic:
Aliens--History  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Forced repatriation  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Children  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Children--Education  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_739874

The evacuated people, a quantitative description. United States Department of the Interior, J.A. Krug, secretary. War Relocation Authority, D.S. Myer, director

Author:
United States War Relocation Authority  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 200 p. incl. tables, diagrs. (1 fold.) 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1946
[1946]
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Japanese  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_791028

Center regulations / reproduced by Japanese American Curriculum Project

Title:
Concentration camp U.S.A. regulations
Author:
United States Wartime Civil Control Administration  Search this
United States Army Western Defense Command  Search this
Japanese American Curriculum Project  Search this
Subject:
United States Wartime Civil Control Administration  Search this
Physical description:
20 leaves ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1973
1942
Topic:
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
Japanese  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
Call number:
D769.8.A6 U55 1973
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_517542

Wartime hysteria : the role of the press in the removal of 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry during World War II : a gathering of actual newspaper and magazine clippings / reproduced by Japanese American Curriculum Project

Author:
Japanese American Curriculum Project  Search this
Physical description:
37 leaves : ill., 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1973
1942
Topic:
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
Japanese  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
Call number:
D769.8.A6 W37 1973
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_517543

The managed casualty : the Japanese-American family in World War II / by Leonard Broom and John I. Kitsuse

Title:
Japanese-American family in World War II
Author:
Broom, Leonard  Search this
Kitsuse, John I  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 226 p. : maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1973
Topic:
Concentration camps  Search this
Japanese  Search this
Families  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
Call number:
D769.8.A6 B76 1973
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_517602

Americans betrayed : politics and the Japanese evacuation / by Morton Grodzins

Author:
Grodzins, Morton  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 445 p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1974
1974, c1949
Topic:
Japanese  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
Call number:
D769.8.A6 G76 1974
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_519124

The spoilage / by Dorothy Swaine Thomas and Richard S. Nishimoto ; with contributions by Rosalie A. Hankey ... [et al.]

Author:
Thomas, Dorothy Swaine Thomas 1899-  Search this
Nishimoto, Richard S (Richard Shigeaki) 1904-1956  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 388 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1974
1974, c1946
Topic:
Japanese Americans  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_519139

Love and politics in wartime : letters to my wife, 1943-45 / Benedict S. Alper ; selected and edited by Joan Wallach Scott

Author:
Alper, Benedict Solomon 1905-  Search this
Scott, Joan Wallach  Search this
Subject:
Alper, Benedict Solomon 1905-  Search this
Alper, Ethel 1908-1989  Search this
United States Army  Search this
Physical description:
xxii, 220 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Personal narratives, American
Correspondence
Biography
Place:
Italy
United States
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, American  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Soldiers  Search this
Call number:
D809.U5A65 1992X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_423445

The View from within : Japanese American art from the internment camps, 1942-1945

Author:
Higa, Karin M  Search this
Japanese American National Museum (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Frederick S. Wight Art Gallery  Search this
University of California, Los Angeles Asian American Studies Center  Search this
Physical description:
100 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 22 x 24 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
Japanese American art--Exhibitions  Search this
Prisoners of war as artists--Exhibitions  Search this
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians--Exhibitions  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
N6538.J3 V67 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_457276

Executive order 9066 : the internment of 110,000 Japanese Americans / by Maisie & Richard Conrat ; with an original introduction by Edison Uno ; and an original epilogue by Tom C. Clark ; photographs by Dorothea Lange and others ; prefaces to the new edition by Michael McCone and Don. T. Nakanishi

Author:
Conrat, Maisie  Search this
Conrat, Richard  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
University of California, Los Angeles Asian American Studies Center  Search this
California Historical Society  Search this
United States War Relocation Authority  Search this
United States President (1933-1945 : Roosevelt) Executive order 9066  Search this
Subject:
United States War Relocation Authority Photograph collections Exhibitions  Search this
United States President (1933-1945 : Roosevelt) Executive order 9066 Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
120 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
California
United States
Date:
1992
1972
C1992
Topic:
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945--Exhibitions  Search this
Concentration camps--Exhibitions  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
D769.8.A6 E96 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_462825

Minidoka interlude, September, 1942 - October, 1943

Subject:
United States War Relocation Center, Hunt, Idaho  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) ill., ports. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Northwest, Pacific
United States
Date:
1989
1943
1989, 1943]
Topic:
Japanese  Search this
Concentration camps  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
Call number:
D769.8.A6 M66 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_483899

Special report of Civilian Defense Division field team no. 82 covering the organization, administration, and operation of reception areas in Bavaria, Germany : dates of survey: 28 June 1945-11 July 1945

Author:
United States Strategic Bombing Survey Civilian Defense Division  Search this
Physical description:
9, [3] leaves ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Germany
Bavaria
Date:
1945
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Refugees  Search this
Call number:
D809.G3 U58 1945
D809.G3U58 1945
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_335588

No time to wave goodbye / Ben Wicks

Author:
Wicks, Ben  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 228 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Personal narratives, British
Place:
Great Britain
Canada
Date:
1988
C1988
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Children  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Call number:
D810.C4W46 1988X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_390470

The internment of the Japanese in America during World War II : an interpretation according to the ethics of character / by Wallace Hisashi Ryan Kuroiwa

Author:
Kuroiwa, Wallace Hisashi Ryan  Search this
Physical description:
420 leaves ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1984
1983
Topic:
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Japanese Americans  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
Japanese--History  Search this
Call number:
D769.8.A6 K96 1983a
D769.8.A6K96 1983a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_230812

The lost years, 1942-1946 / edited by Sue Kunitomi Embrey

Author:
Embrey, Sue Kunitomi  Search this
Physical description:
60 p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1972
Topic:
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
Japanese  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
Concentration camps  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1017027

The train to Crystal City : FDR's secret prisoner exchange program and America's only family internment camp during World War II / Jan Jarboe Russell

Author:
Russell, Jan Jarboe 1951-  Search this
Subject:
Iserloh, Ingrid 1930-  Search this
Utsusjogawa, Sumi 1929-  Search this
Crystal City Internment Camp (Crystal City, Tex.)  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 401 : illustrations ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
History
Place:
Texas
Crystal City
United States
Crystal City (Tex.)
Date:
2016
20th century
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Forced repatriation  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Children  Search this
Japanese Americans--History  Search this
German Americans--History  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1076355

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