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Distinguished Service Cross and ribbon issued to Lewis Broadus

Manufactured by:
Graco Awards Manufacturing, Inc., American, 1981 - 2011  Search this
Designed by:
J. Andre Smith, American, 1880 - 1959  Search this
Issued by:
United States Army, American, founded 1775  Search this
Received by:
Lewis Cunningham Broadus, American, 1875 - 1960  Search this
Medium:
bronze on metal with ribbon
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 3 9/16 × 1 3/4 × 1/4 in. (9 × 4.5 × 0.6 cm)
Type:
medals
Place made:
Tomball, Harris County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
Date:
Awarded 1906; issued 2006
Topic:
African American  Search this
Buffalo Soldiers  Search this
Military  Search this
Spanish-American War, 1898  Search this
World War I  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Lewis Broadus Family
Object number:
2007.4.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd53db58e7d-1dc1-4263-ab7d-6e7571a6f261
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.4.1
Online Media:

Distinguished Service Cross medal ribbon bar issued to Lewis Broadus

Manufactured by:
Graco Awards Manufacturing, Inc., American, 1981 - 2011  Search this
Ballou Company, American, 1942 - 2009  Search this
Issued by:
United States Army, American, founded 1775  Search this
Received by:
Lewis Cunningham Broadus, American, 1875 - 1960  Search this
Medium:
metal and ribbon
Dimensions:
H x W x D (abc): 1 7/16 × 7/16 × 1/2 in. (3.7 × 1.1 × 1.3 cm)
H x W x D (a): 1 3/8 × 3/8 × 1/2 in. (3.5 × 0.9 × 1.2 cm)
H x W x D (bc): 7/16 × 7/16 × 9/16 in. (1.1 × 1.1 × 1.5 cm)
Type:
medals
Place made:
Tomball, Harris County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
East Providence, Rhode Island, United States, North and Central America
Date:
Awarded 1906; issued 2006
Topic:
African American  Search this
Buffalo Soldiers  Search this
Military  Search this
Spanish-American War, 1898  Search this
World War I  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Lewis Broadus Family
Object number:
2007.4.2abc
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a64f62c3-2125-4431-93d8-6d36f389c4f3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.4.2abc
Online Media:

Distinguished Service Cross medal pin issued to Lewis Broadus

Created by:
J. Andre Smith, American, 1880 - 1959  Search this
Received by:
Lewis Cunningham Broadus, American, 1875 - 1960  Search this
Medium:
metal and paint
Dimensions:
H x W x D (ab): 3/8 × 9/16 × 3/8 in. (0.9 × 1.5 × 0.9 cm)
H x W x D (a): 1/8 × 9/16 × 3/8 in. (0.3 × 1.5 × 0.9 cm)
H x W x D (b): 3/8 × 3/8 × 3/16 in. (0.9 × 0.9 × 0.5 cm)
Type:
medals
Place made:
Tomball, Harris County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
Date:
Awarded 1906; issued 2006
Topic:
African American  Search this
Buffalo Soldiers  Search this
Military  Search this
Spanish-American War, 1898  Search this
World War I  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Lewis Broadus Family
Object number:
2007.4.3ab
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5718fb5b1-0389-429e-a78f-22cec69b135a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.4.3ab
Online Media:

Discharge Certificate issued for Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey

Created by:
United States Department of War, American, 1789 - 1947  Search this
Subject of:
Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey, Sr., American, 1897 - 1968  Search this
369th Infantry Regiment, American, 1913 - 1945  Search this
Medium:
toner on paper with metal
Dimensions:
H x W: 14 × 8 11/16 in. (35.6 × 22.1 cm)
Type:
photocopies
Place made:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
March 17, 1936; September 16, 1968
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey, Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.13
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5646c1462-97c8-49b8-9b94-86d375007b91
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.13
Online Media:

U.S. World War I Victory medal issued to Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey

Issued by:
United States Army, American, founded 1775  Search this
Designed by:
James Earle Fraser, American, 1876 - 1953  Search this
Received by:
Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey, Sr., American, 1897 - 1968  Search this
Subject of:
369th Infantry Regiment, American, 1913 - 1945  Search this
Medium:
bronze and ribbon
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 3 7/8 × 1 1/2 × 1/8 in. (9.8 × 3.8 × 0.3 cm)
Type:
medals
Place made:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
1919-1940
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey, Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.2
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5cbaef01e-eb65-4ab3-8418-fe21dc892ddc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.2
Online Media:

Letter from the War Department to Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey

Created by:
United States Department of War, American, 1789 - 1947  Search this
Written by:
Maj. Gen. Lutz Wahl, American, 1869 - 1928  Search this
Received by:
Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey, Sr., American, 1897 - 1968  Search this
Subject of:
369th Infantry Regiment, American, 1913 - 1945  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 10 1/2 x 8 in. (26.7 x 20.3 cm)
Type:
correspondence
Place made:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
September 17, 1928
Topic:
African American  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey, Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.23
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd51d89c44d-54a2-4050-9f98-6e6b93ec4728
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.23
Online Media:

Letter from the War Department to Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey

Created by:
United States Department of War, American, 1789 - 1947  Search this
Received by:
Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey, Sr., American, 1897 - 1968  Search this
Subject of:
369th Infantry Regiment, American, 1913 - 1945  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with plaster
Dimensions:
H x W: 10 1/2 x 8 in. (26.7 x 20.3 cm)
Type:
correspondence
Place made:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
May 16, 1919
Topic:
African American  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey, Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.24
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5bed2f01b-a4da-4781-9b57-082052bba641
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.24
Online Media:

1914 - 1918 Inter-Allied Victory medal issued to Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey

Manufactured by:
Monnaie de Paris, French, founded 1864  Search this
Issued by:
French Republic, French, founded 1792  Search this
Received by:
Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey, Sr., American, 1897 - 1968  Search this
Designed by:
Pierre-Alexandre Morlon, French, 1878 - 1951  Search this
Subject of:
369th Infantry Regiment, American, 1913 - 1945  Search this
Medium:
bronze and ribbon
Dimensions:
H x W: 3 1/2 × 1 7/16 × 1/8 in. (8.9 × 3.7 × 0.3 cm)
Type:
medals
Place made:
France, Europe
Date:
1922
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey, Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.3
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Textiles
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5890899f8-fe87-4310-8220-9c311a599fbf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.3
Online Media:

New York Recruiting medal

Created by:
Dieges & Clust, American, founded 1898  Search this
Issued by:
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs, American  Search this
Medium:
metal and ribbon
Dimensions:
H x W: 3 9/16 x 1 7/16 x 1/4
Type:
medals
Place made:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1917-1936
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey,Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.6
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd58e8f7b53-6a11-4a08-be9d-865bc132d721
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.6
Online Media:

Purple Heart medal issued to Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey

Issued by:
United States Army, American, founded 1775  Search this
Received by:
Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey, Sr., American, 1897 - 1968  Search this
Subject of:
369th Infantry Regiment, American, 1913 - 1945  Search this
Medium:
gold and enamel on metal with silk (textile)
Dimensions:
H x W: 3 1/8 x 1 1/2 x 1/4
Type:
medals
Place made:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
1932-1940
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey, Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.7
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5438bc607-ade0-4bd2-90dd-26eff0d5ef93
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.7
Online Media:

Insignia shoulder patch for the 92nd Infantry Division

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
92d Infantry Division, American, 1917 - 1945  Search this
Medium:
thread and cloth
Dimensions:
H x W: 3 x 2 1/2 in. (7.6 x 6.4 cm)
Type:
insignias
Date:
1917-1945
Topic:
African American  Search this
Buffalo Soldiers  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.155.219
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd553eda312-4b3e-414a-9673-204dfe1a884b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.155.219

Rifle and case owned by Lt. Colonel Charles Blackwood

Created by:
Winchester Repeating Arms Company, American, 1866 - 2006  Search this
J.M. Bucheimer Company, American, 1884 - 1969  Search this
Used by:
Lt. Colonel Charles J. Blackwood Sr., American, 1896 - 1982  Search this
Medium:
wood and metal with leather and thread
Dimensions:
H x W x D (.1a Rifle): 44 × 4 1/4 × 1 1/2 in. (111.8 × 10.8 × 3.8 cm)
H x W x D (.1b Case): 47 × 7 1/2 × 1 1/2 in. (119.4 × 19.1 × 3.8 cm)
Type:
cases (ammunition components)
rifles (long guns)
Place made:
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, North and Central America
Frederick, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Date:
early 20th century
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Beverly J. Blackwood in memory of Charles J. Blackwood, Sr.
Object number:
2018.13.1ab
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Tools and Equipment-Military
Tools and Equipment-Weapons and ammunition
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd535e3b362-f517-4d16-9f27-17342cdfec0b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.13.1ab
Online Media:

"Help the Negro People Help Their Own" / the Negro Base Hospital Contributions Great and Small Needed Crispus Attucks Circle "For War Relief Work" ... Crispus Attucks Circle.

Creator:
Negro Base Hospital  Search this
McHarris (artist)  Search this
Crispus Attucks Circle. (149 South Broad Street.)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Princeton University  Search this
Extent:
1 Poster (1/4 size; Monochrome, 35.5 x 56 cm)
Container:
Box 25, Folder 1
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Posters
Place:
United States
Image:
Main Image: Black soldier with rifle leading a charge across a battlefield
Local numbers:
Princeton Poster# 6523
General:
Issued by: Cirspus Attucks Circle

Issued for: Negro Base Hospital

Artist(s): McHarris
Locale:
149 S. Broad Street
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright status of items varies. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Relief and volunteer organizations  Search this
Ethnic groups  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- War work  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Posters -- United States  Search this
African American military personnel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters
Posters -- World War, 1914-1918 -- United States
Collection Citation:
Princeton University Posters Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Princeton University Poster Collection
Princeton University Poster Collection / Series 2: World War One / United States
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a9f7f800-0251-41c5-93ca-5dce62e57228
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0433-ref7694

Photo postcard of Addie Waites Hunton and Kathryn M. Johnson at a YMCA camp

Published by:
Guilleminot, French, 1858 - 1994  Search this
Photograph by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Addie Waites Hunton, American, 1866 - 1943  Search this
Kathryn M. Johnson, American, born 1878  Search this
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin and ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 3 9/16 × 5 7/16 in. (9 × 13.8 cm)
Type:
portraits
postcards
Place depicted:
Chambéry, France, Europe
Place captured:
Challes-les-Eaux, France, Europe
Date:
1919
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Men  Search this
Military  Search this
Religion  Search this
Social reform  Search this
Women  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2014.63.77
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ae5c8d85-47ef-4067-8f00-14c1c3d29147
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.63.77
Online Media:

Miniature Black Madonna

Title:
Bullet casing trench art sculpture
Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
paint on metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 1 5/8 × 11/16 × 11/16 in. (4.1 × 1.7 × 1.7 cm)
Type:
religious objects
bullets
Date:
1914-1918
Topic:
African American  Search this
Art  Search this
Christianity  Search this
Military  Search this
Religion  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Alan Laird
Object number:
2017.111.8
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Religious and Sacred Objects
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5456f8cfc-90af-4bb9-8a24-fd6113b6ec0b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2017.111.8
Online Media:

Ford-Deas family papers

Creator:
Ford-Deas family  Search this
Names:
Ford-Deas family  Search this
Extent:
3.42 Linear feet ((10 boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Color photographs
Postcards
Black-and-white photographs
Diplomas
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Correspondence
Clippings
Photographic prints
Poems
Sheet music
Drawings
Place:
Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)
New Jersey
Date:
circa 1900-1969
Summary:
The collection, which dates from approximately 1900-1969 and measures 3.42 linear feet, documents the lives and activities of the Ford-Deas family. The collection is comprised of black-and-white photographs, color photographs, photograph albums, clippings, correspondence, postcards, bankbooks, blankbooks, diplomas, sheet music, scrapbook, poems, sketches and drawings.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
African Americans -- Social life and customs  Search this
African Americans -- Employment  Search this
African American families  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- African Americans  Search this
African Americans -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Color photographs
Postcards
Black-and-white photographs
Diplomas
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Correspondence
Clippings
Photographic prints
Poems
Sheet music
Drawings
Citation:
Ford-Deas family papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Theresa Ford Allen.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-062
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa79ee825b5-ba76-4751-b806-0fc561d5f754
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-062

Horace Pippin notebooks and letters

Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Names:
Carlen, Robert, 1906-1990  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Date:
circa 1920, 1943
Summary:
The collection measures 0.2 linear feet and consists of three notebooks, notebook fragments, and two letters written by African American primitive painter Horace Pippin. The three notebooks and notebook fragments contain Pippin's World War I memoirs written in the 1920s, one of which is illustrated by Pippin with six drawings of war scenes. Two letters are dated 1943 and circa 1943. One of the letters is written to "Dear Friends" and begins with "life story of art."; the other is written to dealer Robert Carlen about showing his painting Domino [Game] Players.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection measures 0.2 linear feet and consists of three notebooks, notebook fragments, and two letters created by African American primitive painter Horace Pippin. The notebooks recount Pippin's World War I experiences, including his being wounded. One of the notebooks is illustrated.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Horace Pippin Notebooks and Letters, circa 1920s, 1943; 8 items
Biographical Note:
Horace Pippin (1888 -1946) was a self-taught painter from West Chester, Pennsylvania. Pippin was inspired to paint by his experiences in France during World War I. He lost the use of his right arm when wounded during the war and, when painting, had to use his left hand to guide his right. He gained a national reputation as "a true American primitive" in the 1940s for his paintings depicting childhood memories, war experiences, heroes, and religious subjects.
Provenance:
Horace Pippin's war memiors/notebooks and one letter were purchased from Robert Carlen, Pippin's dealer, in 1956. The 1943 letter from Pippin to Carlen was donated by Dr. and Mrs. Matthew Moore in 1983.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Folk art  Search this
Painting -- United States  Search this
African American military personnel  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Self-taught artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Citation:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920, 1943. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pipphora
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e2285ed2-314d-43e6-ae0b-cd7bce70aae8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pipphora
Online Media:

Fractious Family Papers

Extent:
1.7 Linear feet (5 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Certificates
Place:
Anacostia (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
1916-1981
bulk 1940-1970
Arrangement note:
The papers are organized in five series.

Series 1: Biographical Material Series 2: Correspondence Series 3: Legal Files Series 4: Printed Materials Series 5: Photographs
Biographical / Historical:
William Fractious was born in Virginia around 1827. He and his wife Lucy were likely part of the 40,000 formerly enslaved African American refugees who came to Washington, D.C., during the Civil War. A carpenter by profession, William acquired lot 7 of section 3 of a new development, Barry Farm. The settlement was created by the Freedmen's Bureau who sold building lots to the newly freed men and women.

Robert "Bobbie" Fractious (1920 – 1996) was the son of William II and Mary V. Fractious. He had two sisters, Bessie (1918) and Lillian (1915) and one brother, Preston "Bootsie" (1922). He attended elementary school and one year of high school before joining the Civilian Conservation Corps. Robert served in New Cumberland, Pennsylvania in 1939 and Camp Ellis, Illinois in 1940. He enlisted in the United States Army in 1941 as a corporal in Croft, South Carolina and eventually moved up in rank to Staff Sargent. During his service in World War II, he was assigned to the Quartermasters Corps in the Pacific Theater, in Australia. After the war, Robert continued serving in the army for over 20 years.

Blanche Lucille Queen (1923 – 2001) married Robert Fractious on December 2, 1945. She was the daughter of Robert H. and Louise E. Queen. Blanche had two sisters, Thelma (1923 – 2005) and Roberta "Diddie" (1924 – 2013). Blanche graduated from Shaw Junior High in 1938 and Armstrong High School in 1941. After marriage, Robert and Blanche settled on Shannon Place in Southeast, D.C., and the couple had two children, Deborah Camille (1952 – 1995) and Rene Emil (1954 – 2017). She worked for the State Department then at the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) for 30 years.

A fifth generation Fractious, Rene Emil Fractious was a proud descendant of the original Barry farm settlers. He spoke at the 2009 Washington Historical Studies Conference about his family legacy and the strong postbellum African American community.
Provenance:
The Fractious Family papers were donated to the Anacostia Community Museum on February 1, 2017, by Kristina Leszczak and Rene Fracticious.
Rights:
The Fractious Family papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African Americans -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
African American families  Search this
Military service -- World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Certificates
Citation:
Fractious Family papers, Anacostia Comunity Museum, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Kristina Leszczak and Rene Fracticious.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-086
See more items in:
Fractious Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa79ec21a07-8bae-484c-9b33-f0e787079983
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-086
Online Media:

Sullivan family papers

Creator:
Sullivan family  Search this
Names:
Sullivan family  Search this
Extent:
2.25 Linear feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Autograph albums
Books
Correspondence
Certificates
Tintypes (prints)
Ephemera
Financial records
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Place:
Long Island (N. Y.)
Washington (D.C.)
Warsaw (Poland)
Boston (Mass.)
New Brunswick
Date:
1860-1994
bulk 1920-1960
Summary:
The Sullivan Family papers, which date from 1880 to 1994 and measure 2.25 linear feet, document the personal lives of four generations in the Sullivan Family. The papers are comprised of personal correspondence, school materials, legal documents, financial records, clippings, books, posters, and photographs.
Scope and Contents note:
These papers, which date from 1880 to 1994, bulk dates 1920–1960, document the lives of four generations of the Sullivan family. They contain material relating to a great number of Sullivan family members descended from Livinia and Abraham Sullivan. The papers especially offer insight into the family's life and involvement during the Second World War through a particularly abundant collection of correspondence and photographs. The papers also include books, legal documents, financial records, and school materials.
Arrangement note:
The papers are organized into four series. Folders are arranged alphabetically within series, while documents within folders are organized chronologically. Oversized material appears in the series: Biographical Files, Printed Materials and Photographs. Non archival materials associated with the papers are housed in the Collections Department.

Series I: Biographical Files

Series II: Correspondence

Series III: Printed Materials

Series IV: Photographs
Biographical/Historical note:
In 1883 Abraham Sullivan welcomed his wife, Livinia and four children, Charles, Nynetta, Emma, and Theodore to Boston, Massachusetts. Emigrating from New Brunswick, Canada, the family would remain in the Boston area for many generations to come. After the move to Boston, oldest son Charles H. Sullivan would rise to prominence in the New England music scene. He became a skilled craftsman in instrument-making and founded the Boston Victorian Orchestra, a multi-racial orchestra.

Charles Sullivan never married, which perhaps contributes to the lack of information on his life. His brother Theodore married Anne Vann of Nova Scotia, Canada. Together they raised two daughters from Anne's previous marriage, Sadie and Rosa Jones (later Sadie Thompson and Rosa Miller). They also had four children of their own, Theodore M., twins Mary (later Mary Walters) and May, and Frances (later Frances Mendez).

Theodore and Anne's son Theodore M. began his family's military tradition by enlisting in the army in 1917, during the First World War. He spent two years fighting in Europe before being honorably discharged at the end of the conflict in 1919. In the early 1930s Theodore was awarded the Purple Heart by United States Secretary of War George Dern for eleven different wounds sustained in 1918.

Theodore M.'s example was followed by his immediate and extended family members during the Second World War. Many of the women volunteered in war efforts at home and all three of Theodore M.'s sons, Lewis, Earle, and Edwin (Eddy) enlisted for service in the armed forces. In 1943 Earle Sullivan was accepted into the Tuskegee Institution's program for training the first African American military pilots (now famously known as the "Tuskegee Airmen") and was well into his training before his death at the end of 1943.

The Sullivan family continued their tradition of service for many decades through memberships with the Red Cross and American Legion. In 1954 Sadie Thompson, Theodore M. Sullivan's half sister, was honored with an award for forty years of service in her Boston Chapter of the American Red Cross, and again in 1971 for fifty five years of active involvement.

Although the Sullivan family retained ties to the Boston area they originally settled in, several branches have spread throughout the northeastern United States. After his marriage, Theodore M. Sullivan began working for the Bureau of Engraving in Washington D.C. Still connected to his Boston home, Theodore split his time between the two cities until his death in 1969. Upon her marriage to Thomas Mendes, Ethylene Mendez, daughter of Francis Sullivan Mendez moved to Long Island, N.Y. She was eventually followed by her mother and sister, Lillian, where they lived until their deaths in the 1980s and 90s.
Provenance:
The Sullivan Family papers were donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in April 2005 by Savina Martin, Dominga Martin and Donna Akiba Sullivan Harper.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for unrestricted research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Sullivan Family papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
American Legion  Search this
African American military personnel  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
African American families  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- African Americans  Search this
American Red Cross  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- African Americans  Search this
Genre/Form:
Autograph albums
Books
Correspondence
Certificates
Tintypes (prints)
Ephemera
Financial records
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Citation:
The Sullivan Family papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Savina Martin, Dominga Martin and Donna Akiba Sullivan Harper.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-035
See more items in:
Sullivan family papers
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa790713327-dd0a-4a8f-81fb-e9d772c97b37
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-035
Online Media:

Siblings Francis and Theodore M. Sullivan with family friend

Collection Creator:
Sullivan family  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (photographic print , black and white, 4.25 x 2.5 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Place:
Boston (Mass.)
United States
Date:
circa 1918
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for unrestricted research. Use requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Sullivan Family papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African American families  Search this
African American military personnel  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- African Americans  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Collection Citation:
The Sullivan Family papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Savina Martin, Dominga Martin and Donna Akiba Sullivan Harper.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-035, Item ACMA PH2005.7002.010
See more items in:
Sullivan family papers
Sullivan family papers / Series 3: Photographs / Theodore M. Sullivan
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa713e8611b-f15c-4aa7-a39a-e09eea68a196
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-035-ref607

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