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Anton Refregier papers, circa 1900-circa 1990

Creator:
Refregier, Anton, 1905-1979  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-1979  Search this
Subject:
Randall, Byron  Search this
Refregier, Lila  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Morley, Eugene  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel  Search this
Greenwood, Marion  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Dreyfuss, Henry  Search this
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Fast, Howard  Search this
De Diego, Julio  Search this
Packard, Emmy Lou  Search this
Yavno, Max  Search this
National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)  Search this
ACA Galleries  Search this
Bard College  Search this
New York World's Fair  Search this
United States  Search this
Gosudarstvennyĭ Ėrmitazh  Search this
World Peace Council  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association (Woodstock, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Travel diaries
Greeting cards
Interviews
Cartoons (working drawings)
Scrapbooks
Transcripts
Photographs
Diaries
Sketches
Place:
Chile
Soviet Union
Guatemala
Mexico
Topic:
Tapestry  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Political clubs  Search this
Muralists -- New York -- Woodstock  Search this
Art -- Commissioning  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- Archival resources -- 20th century  Search this
Designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9646
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211854
AAA_collcode_refranto
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211854
Online Media:

Writings

Collection Creator:
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Extent:
Reels 5249-5252, 5741
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1906-1978, undated
Scope and Contents note:
Writings, art work, miscellaneous items, and photographs were received from the Estate of Sally Kent Gorton in 2001. Although not physically integrated with the main portion of the collection, this addition to the Rockwell Kent papers is described with the appropriate series in the online edition of the finding aid.

Writings consist of Kent's continuation of his autobiography It's Me, O Lord! (1995). The unpublished 185 page manuscript written between 1955 and 1971 recounts the artist's travels, exhibitions, and political activities during the 1950s and 1960s. Among the art work there are many drawings and sketches in pencil and ink, of miscellaneous subjects and various projects circa 1920-1939 including figure studies, landscapes and illustrations for various books by Kent. Also included are a color lithograph study for a war poster, circa 1941, and Kent's 1968 costume and set designs for Benjamin Britten's opera Peter Grimes, along with a recording of Peter Grimes and its libretto. Photographs of people include formal and informal portraits of Rockwell Kent, Kent with others, and each of his wives; other individuals portrayed are Ted R. Lambert and Eugene Vuchatich. Other subjects include views of Asgaard Farm, the rebuilt Kent house at AuSable Forks, NY, and Kent's grave.

Kent presented the manuscripts for most of his books to the USSR, along with the Kent Collection. Included in this series are drafts, notes, and completed manuscripts for monographs, articles, speeches, book reviews, catalog texts and introductory essays, and miscellaneous writings (often unidentified) by Kent. Manuscripts are arranged chronologically, with undated items arranged alphabetically by title. Also included at the end of the series are a small number of manuscripts by other authors.

The unpublished continuation of Kent's autobiography It's Me, O Lord! was received from the estate of his widow, Sally Kent Gorton, 2001.

See Appendix for an itemized list of writings from Series 2.
Arrangement note:
The bulk of this series has been scanned. Poems and political statements written by other authors have not been scanned.
Appendix: Writings from Series 2:
Writings by Rockwell Kent"Men as Animals," 1906-1912

"The False Life," 1906-1912

"True Life," 1906-1912

"A Tragedy of Newfoundland," 1914 (with 1961 revision)

"Alaska Drawings by Rockwell Kent, With a letter from Rockwell Kent to Christian Brinton, M. Knoedler & Co.," 1919

"Greenland for the Painters," 1919

"Art," 1919

"The Tierra del Fuego Journal of Rockwell Kent," 1922

"Voyaging," 1924

"Tristan and Iseult," 1927

"George W. Bellows: His Lithography," 1927

"A Social Evolutionist's View of the War," 1928

Introduction to book about Patagonia, 1931

"Alias Kent by Hogarth, Jr.." 1933

"Rockwellkentiana," 1933

Greenland journal in the form of letters to Frances, 1934-1935

"What Is an American?," 1936

"In the Name of the Great Jehovah," 1936

Van Loon Review, 1937

"What Is an American?" (revised version), 1938

"People's Platform," 1938

"Good Old Loyalty," 1938

"Original Etchings, Lithographs and Woodcuts by American Artists published by the American Artists Group, Inc." (review), 1938

"Fascism versus Civilization," 1938

"On Earth Peace, Good Will Toward Men," 1938

"Death Notice" (Dan Cohen), 1938

"Shall We Limit Free Speech?," 1939

"Let's Talk It Over," 1939

"Enemies of Democracy," 1939

"Art Is for Everyone," 1939

"Art for Your Sake!", 1939

"By these pages...," 1940

"First Rough Draft Greenland Article," 1940

"Greenland: An Obligation," 1940

"The Trapper"

"Art in 1940, 1st Draft"

"Art in 1940," 1940

"World's Fair Reporter" (Bill Bernbach, WNYC, interview of Rockwell Kent), 1940

"Introduction by Rockwell Kent to 'Story of the White Collar Worker' by Giacomo Patri," 1940

Introduction to "Portinari and His Art," 1940

"Rockwell Kent: A Short Autobiography," 1940

"Rockwell Kent at Bookshop," 1940

"Statement by Rockwell Kent," 1940

"Introduction to Book on the Work of Candido Portinari," 1940

"Louis Untermeyer," 1940

Love poem to Sally (untitled, illustrated), 1940

"Outline of Address Delivered by Rockwell Kent," 1940

"To Louis and Esther" (poem), 1940

"Christmas 1940" (poem), 1940

"Review of -- Kabloona -- by Gontran de Poncins," 1941

"Portion of Address for Delivery June 5th at National Conference of Social Work, by Rockwell Kent," 1941

"Radio Address, by Rockwell Kent, to Be Delivered at Progressive Librarians Council Broadcast, Sunday, June 22nd," 1941

"Statement on Nazi-Soviet War, by Rockwell Kent," 1941

" 'The Intent of the Artist,' reviewed by Rockwell Kent," 1941

"A Northern Christmas," 1941

"Outline of Address for Fourth American Writers Congress," 1941

"Editorial for -- Junior Guide -- of International Workers Order," 1941

"Introduction to Book-Plate Catalog," 1941

"Article for Adirondack Mountain Club, Inc. Year Book," 1941

"Introduction for Catalog of American Library of Color Slides," 1941

"Statement for American Council on Soviet Relations," 1941

"To Sally" (illustrated poem), 1941

"Article for UOPWA News," 1942

"Introduction to Catalog of Rockwell Kent Exhibition at the Wildenstein Galleries," 1942

"Tierra del Fuego," 1942

Article for -- Script -- , 1942

"Introduction to Democracy," 1942

"Statement for Use of Artists League of America," 1942

"Introduction by Rockwell Kent to 'Silk Screen Stenciling as a Fine Art,'" 1942

"On Earth Peace," 1942

"Foreword by Rockwell Kent to -- American Pioneer Arts & Artists -- by Carl Drepperd," 1942

"Article for Use of American Russian Cultural Association Inc. in -- Novosselye -- ," 1942

"WQXR Broadcast 'Other Peoples's Business Program,'" 1943

"Article for Use of the Alumni of the Columbia School of Architecture," 1943

"Art and the People," 1943

"Article for AAA News," 1943

"Statement to AP, UP, -- Herald Tribune, Times, Daily Worker -- on Death of Art Young," 1943

"To Sally" (poem), 1943

"Statement by Rockwell Kent, Famous Landscape and Figure Painter and Wood Engraver, on the Presentation of His Mural-- -- Airplane View of America at Peace-- -- to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce"

"Article on Art Young, For Use of -- New Masses -- Memorial Number," 1944

"Article for Use of the American Artists Group," 1944

"Memorandum on the Proposed Organization for the Publication of Reproductions of American Art," 1944

" -- Arctic Fish Story -- by Otto Wm. Geist" (book review), 1944

"Article for Use of -- Tomorrow -- ," 1944

"Review of -- Horizon Is Calling -- by Taro Yashima," 1944

"Opening Address, Seventh General Convention, IWO," 1944

Obituary of mother, Sarah Holgate Kent, 1944

"Statement for Use of Philadelphia Council of American-Soviet Friendship," 1944

"To Voters of the Thirty-Third New York Congressional District," 1944

"Introduction ALA Fourth Annual Exhibition Catalog," 1944

"Introduction by Rockwell Kent, -- Drawings by American Artists -- ," 1944

" -- Mathematical Basis of the Arts -- , by Joseph Schillinger, Reviewed by Rockwell Kent," 1944

"We Hold These Truths," 1944

"Review for the -- New Masses -- of Steffanson's -- Greenland -- ," 1944

"Synopsis: -- This Is My Own -- by Rockwell Kent," 1944

"Story for -- Readers Digest -- 'Life in America' Series," 1944

"Greetings to the Red Army & Navy," 1944

"Introduction for -- This Is Our War -- Catalog," 1944

"Art with a Little a," 1944

"Small Town War," 1944

"How Not to Get a Seeder," 1944

"Statement for use of International Workers Order," 1945

"Introduction for Exhibition Catalog," 1945

"Shadows of Evening," 1945

"Stories for -- Readers Digest -- 'Life in America' Series," 1945

"Article for Use of Vet," 1946

"Statement for Use of Artists for Action," 1946

"The Artist in America Today," 1946

"Rockwell Kent Biographical Sketch for Use of General Electric Company," 1946

"Statement for Use of International Workers Order," 1947

"John Trumbull" and "Frederick Remington," supplementary text for -- World Famous Paintings -- , 1947

"To Thee" (history of the Rahr Malting Co.), 1947

"We Hold These Truths" (articles for use of -- Fraternal Outlook -- ), 1948

" -- The Mathematical Basis of the Arts -- , by Joseph Schillinger, Reviewed by R.K. for -- Music News -- ," 1948

"Radio Script--O. John Rogge Program, Tuesday, July 12, 1948, Introduction by Rockwell Kent," 1948

"An Artist in Politics," 1948

"Text of Address to Be Given by Rockwell Kent at Meeting of Business and Professional Women's Club, Plattsburgh, N.Y.," 1948

"Radio Script, Rockwell Kent Address at Skidmore College Forum," 1948

"Radio Address to Be Given by Rockwell Kent, American Labor Party Candidate for Congress, 33d District, New York," 1948

"Radio Script, Christmas Greetings from Rockwell Kent for Arthur Gaeth Program," 1948

"Wallace Speech," 1948

"To Voters of the Thirty-Third New York Congressional District," 1948

"Rsum of Still-Born Address to World Congress for Peace, Paris, 1949," 1949

"Statement on Conviction of the Twelve by Rockwell Kent (for Use of the International Workers Order)," 1949

"We Hold These Truths" (articles for use by -- Fraternal Outlook -- ), 1949

"Introduction by Rockwell Kent to -- Southern Cross -- , by Lawrence O. Hyde," 1950

"We Hold These Truths" (article for use of the -- Fraternal Outlook -- ), 1950

"Article for Use of VOKS," 1950

"Copy for Sabattis Ranch Booklet (Rough Draft)," 1950

"Radio Address Delivered by Rockwell Kent Sunday, April 15, 1950, Croton-on-Hudson, N.Y.," 1950

"Greetings from Rockwell Kent to the Congress of the Peoples for Peace," 1952

Article for Use of International Workers Order, 1952

"Stenographic Record of a Meeting of the VOKS Section of Fine Arts," 1953

"Statement by Rockwell Kent" (re: McCarthy hearings), 1953

"Christmas Record 1953," 1953

"Place Card Poems--New Year's Eve, 1953," 1953

"Silas Timberman -- , by Howard Fast, Reviewed by Rockwell Kent for Use of -- New World Review -- ," 1954

"Realism in Art by Sidney Finkelstein, Reviewed by Rockwell Kent for Use of -- Masses & Mainstream -- ," 1954

Unpublished continuation of autobiography, -- It's Me, O Lord! -- (1955), recounting the artist's travels, exhibitions and political activities during the 1950s and 1960s, circa 1955-1971

"Article for Publication in the USSR," 1957

"Article for Use of -- New World Review -- ," 1957

"Article for Use of -- New World Review -- ," 1958

Trip Book (diary detailing trip to USSR), 1958

"Article for Use of -- Standard Times -- (New Bedford, Mass.)," 1959

"Of Men and Mountains," 1959

"Remarks for Tolstoi Jubilee," 1960

"Gift of Peace--An Account of Rockwell Kent's Presentation of a Collection of His Works to the People of the Soviet Union," 1961

"Article for Use of -- New World Review -- ," 1962

"Statement for November 26th Meeting, NCASF, by Rockwell Kent," 1962

"To Major Gherman Titov, Greeting!" 1962

"World Conference on Disarmament and Peace--Statement by Rockwell Kent," 1962

"Your Money or Your Life," 1962

"Kent-Feild Ms., Kent Chapters," [1965]

"Books Make the Home," [1965]

"Love Letter to a Friend," 1965

"Rough Draft-- -- Voyaging -- , Introduction for USSR Edition," 1965

"Introduction to -- Voyaging -- USSR Edition," 1965

"Article for Use of -- New Times-- -- New Year's Issue" (draft and final), 1966

"Greetings to Soviet People from Rockwell Kent" (for use of TASS)

"Introduction for Excerpts from -- It's Me, O Lord -- " (to be used as text book in the Leningrad Conservatory), 1966

"Introduction for Soviet Edition of Rockwell Kent's -- Greenland Journal -- ," 1966

Letter to the Editor, -- National Guardian -- , 1966

"Rough--Message for Bulgarian Radio," 1966

"Message for Use of Bulgarian Radio," 1966

Poems, 1966

"Preface to Grosset & Dunlap Edition of -- Voyaging -- ," 1967

Poems, 1968

"Abridgement of Kremlin Speech (Excerpt from Radio Address, Delivered in Croton)," undated

"After Long Years" (draft), undated

"After Long Years," undated

"Anecdote for Use of Compton Advertising in -- Songs My Mother Taught Me -- ," undated

"Announcement," undated

"Art"

"Article for Use in -- Art and Advertising -- ," undated

"Article for Use of American Russian Cultural Association, Inc. in -- Novosselye -- ," undated

"Article for Use in -- The Blue Book of Peace -- ," undated

"Article for Use in -- The Blue Book of Peace -- " (draft), undated

"Article for Use of -- The Christian Register -- ," undated

"Article for Use of IWO in Souvenir Journal of the Ukrainian Societies' Cultural Festivals," undated

"Article for Use of -- The Key -- ," undated

"Article for Use of Local Papers, AuSable," undated

"Article for Use of -- Moscow News -- (Man and War Forum)," undated

"Copy, Article for Use of -- Moscow News -- (Man and War Forum)," undated

"Article for Use of -- Pravda -- ," undated

"Article for Use of Professor Guy Gayler Clark in -- Art and Advertising -- ," undated

"Article for Use of -- Soviet Culture -- ," undated

"Article for Use of -- Tomorrow -- ," undated

"The Artist in America Today," undated

"The Beasts," undated

"Bowden College Exhibition Catalog," undated

"Competition," undated

"Copy for Prospectus, Rockwell Kent Bookplates & Marks, Second Series," undated

"Editorial for -- Junior Guide -- of International Workers Order," undated

"The Entry of the Gods into Valhalla," undated

"Greenland: An Obligation," undated

"Interview Between Rockwell Kent & Andrei Melnkov on the Training and Subsequent Careers of Artists in the USSR," undated

"Introduction" [2 separate pieces], undated

"Introduction--Bookplate Book," undated

"Introduction by Rockwell Kent to a Portfolio of the Lithographs of Charles White," undated

"Introduction for Art Directors' Annual," undated

"Introduction to Book-Plate Catalog," undated

"Introduction to Enrico Glicenstein Memorial Publication," undated

"Introduction to -- Fifty Prints -- ," undated

"IWO Telephone Hook-Up Address," undated

"Lincoln Steffens Speaking" (book review), undated

"Message for November 28th Carnegie Hall Meeting of National Council of American-Soviet Friendship from Rockwell Kent," undated

"The Missing Lynx, New Light on Human Nature, Told by the Lynx. (`Might Is Right und Lynx Ist Rechts'.)," undated

"The Most Unforgettable Character I Have Ever Met," undated

"Notes by Rockwell Kent for Use of Miss Marie B. Ryan, Editor of the -- Sketch Book of Kappa pi -- in an Article Titled: `The Things I Wish They'd Taught Me'," undated

"Nuremberg--And After," undated

"On Being Famous," undated

"On the Writings of Rockwell Kent," undated

"Original Page of -- Salamina -- Manuscript," undated

"Preface," undated

"Preface to the Monhegan Edition," undated

"Proposal for the Solution of the Liquor Problem," undated

"Review, by Rockwell Kent, of -- The Game of Death -- ," undated

"Review of -- Eskimo -- , by Peter Freuchen," undated

"Rockwell Kent," undated

"Rockwell Kent Biographical Data," undated

" -- Salome -- , by Oscar Wilde. -- Inventions -- , by John Vassos. -- The Marriage of Heaven and Hell -- , by William Blake" (book review), undated

"A Second Preface--Eleven Years Later," undated

"Speech for Opening of Exhibition," undated

"Statement for November 26th Meeting, NCASF," undated

"Statement for Use of National Council for American-Soviet Friendship," undated

"Statement for Use of the Teachers Union," undated

"Statement on 'American Art Today,'" undated

"Statement on the Arrest of the Communist Leaders," undated

"Story for -- Reader's Digest -- 'Life in America' Series," undated

"Text for -- The Lovers -- , Wood Engraving by Rockwell Kent" undated

"Unpublished Manuscript," undated

"Vegetarianism," undated

"We Hold these Truths" (Article for Use of -- Fraternal Outlook -- , by Rockwell Kent), (2 separate articles), undated

"What Home Means to Me," undated

"When I Was a Teener," undated

"Winslow Homer at Prout's Neck" (draft of book review by Kent), undated

" -- Winslow Homer at Prout's Neck -- , by P. Beam," undated

Greenland Journal -- , undated

"A Voyager's Log, Part II," undated

Wilderness -- , undated

World Famous Paintings -- , undated

Untitled, undated

Poems, undated

Fragments and Miscellaneous Notes, undated

Writings by Sarah Holgate Kent [mother]"The Little I Know of My Ancestors. As Far Back As I Can Remember," 1941

Writings by Sally Kent (Gorton)"Monhegan Notebook," 1950

"Article for R.K. Memorial Booklet--First Rough Draft," 1971

"Article for Rockwell Kent Memorial Portfolio," 1971

" -- Bulgaria Today: The Land and the People -- , by William Cary" (review), 1971

"Greeting for World Peace Council Meeting, Budapest--First Rough," 1971

"Greeting in Memory of Rockwell Kent for World Peace Council, Meeting in Budapest--3d Best," 1971

"Greeting in Memory of Rockwell Kent for World Peace Council, Meeting in Budapest--2d Best," 1971

"The Happiest Day," 1971

Drafts of Memoir ("Introduction," "Living on and off--The Land!," "Memoirs," "Chapter I--Save, Use," "First Chapter--Passages to Add Perhaps," "Chapter 2," "1971 Later--31 Years Later," "Use," "July 3, 1972"), 1971

Memoir Notes ("Monhegan Notes," "Notes and Quotes for Use in Book--'Rockwell Kent--Some Fireside Reminiscences,' " "Possibly for Use," "Random Notes," "R.K. on Homes"), 1971

"Suggested Copy: -- New York Times -- Ad to Be Sponsored by Committee of Concerned Citizens" ("Rockwell Kent's Engagement with Life"--Draft), 1971

"Rockwell Kent's Engagement with Life for Use of -- American Dialogue -- ," 1971

"Rockwell Kent--Glimpses" (notes), 1971

"The Making of -- It's Me, O Lord -- , Draft," 1974

"The Making of -- It's Me, O Lord -- For Use in -- The Kent Collector -- ," 1974

"And Now Monhegan Again!," 1977

"The Jay Taxpayers Association in 1933: A Good Fight," 1977

"Muddling Through" (shorthand), 1978

"Dedication Words" (notes, some in shorthand), 1978

"Rockwell Kent Gallery Dedication Words," 1978

"Story" (shorthand), 1978

"Story 'In the Drawer' for Time Being," 1978

"The Happiest Day," undated

Poem, undated

Writings by Others About KentReviews of Books by Rockwell Kent, 1931-1941

Poems, undated

"The Beautiful American," undated

"Biographical Notes--Rockwell Kent," undated

" -- It's Me, O Lord -- , Introduction, On Rockwell Kent and His Autobiography," undated

"Kent--The Writer," undated

"Message by Y. A. Malik on the Occasion of the Opening of the Exhibition of Soviet and American Prints," undated

"Part One, Books Written and Illustrated by Rockwell Kent, by Dan Burne Jones," undated
Collection Restrictions:
The microfilm of this collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not microfilmed or digitized requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kentrock, Series 2
See more items in:
Rockwell Kent papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kentrock-ref4388

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Extent:
10.2 Linear feet (Boxes 1-11, 36, OVs 38, 45)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1912-circa 1990s
Scope and Contents note:
This series provides extensive documentation of Refregier's personal and professional life through correspondence in addition to notes, financial and legal records, printed material and some photographs and sketches. It includes family correspondence consisting primarily of letters written by Refregier while traveling and working in Mexico, San Francisco (on the Rincon Annex Post Office mural) and the Soviet Union. Chronological and alphabetical correspondence contains correspondence with artists including Henry Dreyfuss, Philip Evergood, Rockwell Kent, Emmy Lou Packard, and Byron Randall, colleagues who worked with Refregier on murals and tapestries such as Walter and Bundy Illsley, WPA administrators, galleries and museums, public and corporate business clients, and national and international political organizations in which Refreigier was extensively involved, such as the World Peace Council. The series also documents Refregier's participation in artist organizaitons such as the Woodstock Artists Association and his teaching work for institutions such as Bard College, where he was professor of painting from 1962-1964.

Files relating to the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship contain correspondence with Rockwell Kent who was involved extensively with this organization and with the World Peace Council.

Researchers should note that chronological correspondence in Series 2.2. supplements documentation of subjects found in the alphabetical files of Series 2.3. Correspondence files relating to mural and tapestry commissions should also be used in conjunction with Series 5: Murals and Tapestry Files where more detailed information about certain commissions can be found.
Arrangement note:
The series is arranged as 4 subseries:

2.1: Family Correspondence, 1940s-1970s

2.2: Chronological Correspondence, 1912-circa 1990s

2.3: Alphabetical Correspondence, 1930s-1982

2.4: Greeting Cards, circa 1940s-circa 1970s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Authorization to quote or reproduce for purposes of publication requires written permission from Bridget R. Sutton via Bridget's son, Tim Sutton. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Anton Refregier papers, circa 1900-circa 1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.refranto, Series 2
See more items in:
Anton Refregier papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-refranto-ref29

Anton Refregier papers

Creator:
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Names:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Bard College -- Faculty  Search this
Gosudarstvennyĭ Ėrmitazh (Russia)  Search this
National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association (Woodstock, N.Y.)  Search this
World Peace Council  Search this
De Diego, Julio, 1900-  Search this
Dreyfuss, Henry, 1904-  Search this
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fast, Howard, 1914-  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel, 1893-1958  Search this
Greenwood, Marion, 1909-1970  Search this
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Morley, Eugene, 1909-1953  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo, 1904-  Search this
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Randall, Byron, 1918-1999  Search this
Refregier, Lila  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Yavno, Max  Search this
Extent:
35.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Travel diaries
Greeting cards
Interviews
Cartoons (working drawings)
Scrapbooks
Transcripts
Photographs
Diaries
Sketches
Place:
Chile
Soviet Union
Guatemala
Mexico
Date:
circa 1900-circa 1990
Summary:
The papers of Woodstock area painter, muralist, and designer, Anton Refregier (1905-1979) date from circa 1900 to circa 1990 and measure 35.9 linear feet. The collection records Refregier's early commercial work and murals for the Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) and documents his career through to the 1970s with records of commissions for many public and private buildings, exhibitions in the United States and abroad, teaching positions, essays and publications, and extensive travel, particularly to the Soviet Union and Mexico. The collection contains scattered biographical material, personal and business correspondence, notes and writings, 15 diaries and journals, mural and tapestry files, exhibition files, personal business records, printed material, 10 scrapbooks, artwork including sketches and cartoons for murals, and photographs of Refregier, his friends, family and travels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Woodstock area painter, muralist, and designer, Anton Refregier (1905-1979) date from circa 1900 to circa 1990 and measure 35.9 linear feet. The collection records Refregier's early commercial work and murals for the Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) and documents his career through to the 1970s with records of commissions for many public and private buildings, exhibitions in the United States and abroad, teaching positions, essays and publications, and extensive travel, particularly to the Soviet Union and Mexico. The collection contains scattered biographical material, personal and business correspondence, notes and writings, diaries and journals, mural and tapestry files, exhibition files, personal business records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork including sketches and cartoons for murals, and photographs of Refregier, his friends, family and travels.

Biographical material contains legal records such as Refregier's will and marriage and death records, passports, resume material and 2 interview transcripts.

Correspondence, both chronological and alphabetical, constitutes almost a third of the collection and documents all aspects of Refregier's career including his work for the WPA, private commissions, representation by ACA Galleries, his involvement with groups such as the Woodstock Artists Association and his teaching work for institutions such as Bard College. Also documented are his involvement with local political groups and international organizations such as the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship and the World Peace Council, and travels including visits to the Soviet Union. Notable correspondents include Henry Dreyfuss, Philip Evergood, Rockwell Kent, Emmy-Lou Packard, and Byron Randall. Correspondence also includes family letters written primarily by Refregier to Lila Refregier, in addition to greeting cards received by the Refregier family, many of which contain original arwork.

Writings are primarily by Refregier and include drafts of many essays and autobiographical writings, in addition to copies of published works including Natural Figure Drawing, An Artists Journey and Sketches of the Soviet Union.

The collection contains diaries and journals from 12 years in various formats including published and handmade day planners and typed and handwritten journal entries. They include sketches and primarily record travel and daily activities including specific projects such as the New York World's Fair mural (1938-1939).

Mural and Tapestry files document individual commissions bid on and/or completed by Refregier. The creation of the Rincon Annex Post Office mural and subsequent controversies over its subject matter are well-documented here, as are many of Refregier's commissions for banks, hospitals, hotels, shopping centers, and schools.

Exhibition files document at least 15 of Refregier's exhibitions, including his first one-man show at ACA Galleries (1942) and his exhibition of paintings at the Hermitage Museum (1967) in what was then Leningrad.

Personal business records contain addresses of contacts. Scattered records referencing market values for Refregier's work can be found throughout the series in records such as bills and receipts, financial notes and tax records.

Printed material provides extensive coverage of Refregier's entire career through announcements, invitations, catalogs, and news clippings. His interests in art, literature, music, theater and politics are also well-represented in these files.

The collection contains 10 scrapbooks, mostly in fragmented condition, which contain a mixture of photographs, sketches and other artwork, notes and fragments of writings, and printed material. The scrapbooks document a variety of subjects including Refregier's family life, travels to Guatemala and the Soviet Union, and the artist at work.

Artwork consists primarily of artwork by Refregier in the form of mural design sketches and cartoons in various media, including pencil, ink and pastel, in addition to 21 sketchbooks, many of which also contain journal entries and notes. Also found here are prints and reproductions of Refregier's "Peace card" block engravings for every year from 1950-1973, with the exception of 1970.

Photographs document all phases of Refregier's career and include family photographs dating from circa 1900, photos of Refregier in the studio including work for the WPA, Refregier and other artists and individuals at events and parties from the 1940s-1970s, travel snapshots probably taken in Chile, Guatemala, Mexico, and the Soviet Union, and photographs of artwork and installations. Individuals pictured include Julio de Diego, Marion Greenwood, Rockwell Kent, Pablo O'Higgins and David Siqueiros; also, a series of press photographs by Albert A. Freeman pictures Refregier with Howard Fast, Norman Bel Geddes, Marion Greenwood, John Kingsbury, Yasuo Kuniyoshi and Harry Stockwell. One photograph by Eliot Elisofon, 2 by Eugene Morley and 4 by Max Yavno can also be found here.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1925-1980 (Box 1; 0.25 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1912-circa 1990s (Boxes 1-11, 36, OVs 38, 45; 10.2 linear ft.)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 11-14, OV 45; 3.3 linear ft.)

Series 4: Diaries and Journals, 1923-1979 (Box 15; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 5: Mural and Tapestry Files, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 15-18, 36, OVs 38, 45, 46, RD 42; 3.65 linear ft.)

Series 6: Exhibition Files, 1942-1981 (Boxes 18-19; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 7: Personal Business Records, 1920s-1980s (Boxes 19-20; 1.8 linear ft.)

Series 8: Printed Material, circa 1920s-1980s (Boxes 21-28, 36; 7.4 linear ft.)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, 1930s-1960s (Boxes 28, 37, BV 47; 1.1 linear ft.)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 28-30, 36, OVs 40, 41, RDs 42-44; 3.5 linear ft.)

Series 11: Photographic Material, ca. 1900-1980s (Boxes 31-35, 39; 4.5 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Russian-born Woodstock painter Anton Refregier (1905-1979) immigrated to the United States in 1920. Refregier was well-known for his sometimes controversial social realist murals for the WPA.

After an apprenticeship to the sculptor, Vasilief, in Paris, Anton Refregier attended the Rhode Island School of Design from 1920-1925 and studied with Hans Hofmann in Germany in 1927. He had his first one-man show at ACA Galleries in New York City in 1942 and settled in Woodstock, New York, with his wife, Lila, and three children Anton, Jr., Brigit and Aleksandre, where he became a prominent member of the artist community.

Refregier completed several social realist murals for the federal Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) program, including one at the New York Worlds Fair in 1939 and the controversial Rincon Annex Post Office mural in San Francisco begun in 1941. He also completed interior design installations for businesses such as the nightclub, Cafe Society Uptown, and the restaurant, The Cookery, in New York City. In addition to being an easel and mural painter Refregier worked in tapestry, mosaic, ceramic, and collage, and completed many commissions for hotels, banks, hospitals, restaurants, synagogues, supermarkets and deparment stores throughout the country.

Refregier taught at various institutions including Stanford University, the University of Arkansas, and Bard College and his publications inlcude Natural Figure Drawing (1948), An Artist's Journey (1965), and Sketches of the Soviet Union (1978). He traveled regularly to the Soviet Union to explore and exchange ideas about art and culture and as a representative of the World Peace Council.

Anton Refregier died in Moscow in October 1979 while visiting the Soviet Union. His work can be found in many museums including the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the Metropolitan Museum, the San Francisco Museum of Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are an oral history interview with Anton Refregier, 1964, Nov. 5 by Joseph Trovato; and Papers regarding Anton Refregier mural controversy, 1953.
Provenance:
Donated 1983 by Lila Refregier, widow of Anton Refregier, and in 1992 by Brigit R. Sutton, Refregier's daughter.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Authorization to quote or reproduce for purposes of publication requires written permission from Bridget R. Sutton via Bridget's son, Tim Sutton. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Tapestry  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Political clubs  Search this
Muralists -- New York -- Woodstock  Search this
Art -- Commissioning  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- Archival resources -- 20th century  Search this
Designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Travel diaries
Greeting cards
Interviews
Cartoons (working drawings)
Scrapbooks
Transcripts
Photographs
Diaries
Sketches
Citation:
Anton Refregier papers, circa 1900-circa 1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.refranto
See more items in:
Anton Refregier papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-refranto

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