Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
10916 documents - page 1 of 500Result pages are truncated to 500.

Erie Railroad Collection

Creator:
Erie Railroad Company  Search this
Olevsky, Walter  Search this
Donor:
ConRail  Search this
ConRail  Search this
Collector:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
57 Cubic feet (59 boxes, 97 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Mechanical drawings
Tracings
Glass negatives
Photographs
Drawings
Date:
circa 1880-1980
Scope and Contents:
Collection consists of six hundred sixty-eight (668) glass negatives relating to the Erie Railroad. Subjects include stations, train cars, railroad employees, employees' recreational activities, ferries, construction, street scenes, and resort hotels; drawings of structures built by the various railroads which, at the time of the donation, constituted the Consolidated Rail Corporation. Included are linen tracings, blueprints, and mechanical copies; and two cubic feet of photoprints made from negatives in the Erie Railroad Collection.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series. Series 1: Photographs

Series 2: Glass Plate Negatives Series 3: Lists Series 4: Subject Files Series 5: Specifications for Bridges, Buildings and Terminals Series 6: Drawings Series 7: Bridge Notebooks
Biographical / Historical:
The Erie Railroad was founded in 1832 by large group of investors from the Southern Tier Counties of New York. Among these investors, businessman Eleazar Lord had been among the originators and later became the first president of the company. The railroad's construction took place from 1832 to 1851 with a seven-year pause between 1842 and 1849.

At the time of its completion, the Erie Railroad was the largest railway system in the United States, both in length, 446 miles, and in gauge, six feet. Thanks to its tracks span from New Jersey to Illinois and itsabove-average gauge, it could transport larger cargo.

Throughout its history the company underwent numerous bankruptcies and merged with several companies. The first merger was in 1960 with the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad creating the Erie Lackawanna Railroad. The second was in 1976 when the once-again bankrupt company merged with five other lines to create Conrail.

Source

Allegany County Historical Society, Andover, New York

https://www.alleganyhistory.org/culture/transportation/railroads/erie-railroad/1060-the-erie-railroad (Last accessed on Decemeber 3, 2019)
Provenance:
Originally collected by the National Museum of American History's Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering's reference collection.

In 1978, 668 glass plate negatives documenting Erie railroad stations were purchaed from Walter Olevsky; in 1987 drawings of structures built by the various railroads which, at the time of the donation, constituted the Consolidated Rail Corporation were donated; and in 2007, two cubic feet of photoprints and nine cubic feet of archival records were transferred from the Division of Work and Industry to the Archives Center.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads -- Buildings and structures  Search this
Railroads -- Employees  Search this
Railroads -- Rolling-stock  Search this
Railroad tracksdrawings  Search this
Railroad stations -- United States  Search this
Railroads -- 20th century  Search this
Railroads -- 19th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Mechanical drawings
Tracings
Glass negatives
Photographs -- 19th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Drawings
Citation:
Erie Railroad Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1082
See more items in:
Erie Railroad Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1082

Snake River Irrigation Project Photograph Album

Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Waddington's Antique Auction House (Toronto, Ontario, Canada).  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Snake River
Arizona
Date:
1912
Scope and Contents note:
A photograph album documenting an irrigation project on the Snake River in Arizona, precise location unknown. The images depict a dam, construction camp, excavation, ferries, cranes, pumping stations, canals and personnel.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Provenance:
Collection purchased at Waddington's.,189 Queen Street East, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Irrigation  Search this
Canals  Search this
Pumping machinery  Search this
Citation:
Snake River Irrigation Project Photograph Album, 1912, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1031
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1031

Call Carl, Inc. Collection

Creator:
Call Carl, Inc.  Search this
Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Former owner:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (1 box, 2 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Advertisements
Black-and-white photographs
Decals
Membership cards
Newsletters
Negatives (photographic)
Newspaper clippings
Date:
1914-1975
Content Description:
Archival material, including advertising and business records from the "Call Carl" chain of Washington, DC, automotive service stations. The collection includes photographs of Washington, DC streets in the years before automobiles; photographs of the building exterior; photographs of the interior, including employees at work in the garages as well as in the offices; photographs of company events; membership cards; advertisements and promotional materials; testimonials; decals; letters; and company newsletters, Exhaust Fumes.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Fredrick Carl and his four sons, Herman, Edmund, Louis, and Frederick, Jr., established Frederick Carl and Son, Inc. in 1919 to meet the growing demands for automobile repairs for all makes and models. In 1922 it changed its name and incorporated as Call Carl, Inc. with a chain of automotive service stations in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. Call Carl handled a range of services from the smallest adjustments to the rebuilding of entire automobiles. An emergency road service operated twenty-four hours a day. In 1982, KM, Inc. purchased the Call Carl auto centers which former Call Carl president, Konrad Murrer owned.
Separated Materials:
A five-year service pin awarded to employees of Call Carl, Inc. is in the Division of Work and Industry. See accession 1982.0664.
Provenance:
Collection donated by William Herrmann.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Automobile repair shops  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements -- 20th century
Black-and-white photographs
Decals
Membership cards
Newsletters -- 20th century
Newsletters -- 20th century
Negatives (photographic)
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Call Carl, Inc. Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1474
See more items in:
Call Carl, Inc. Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1474

Lombard Governor Company Records

Creator:
Lombard Governor Company.  Search this
American Lincoln Corporation  Search this
Donor:
Sorensen, William  Search this
Collector:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
6.75 Cubic feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Patents
Price lists
Reports
Bulletins
Glass negatives
Blueprints
Catalogs
Date:
1898-1970s.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of records documenting the Lombard Governor Company: photographs (including glass plate negatives), blueprints, printed material, price lists, reports, catalogs and trade literature, bulletins, and a notebook of patents.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into three series.

Series 1: Printed Materials

Series 2: Glass Plate Negatives

Series 3: Blueprints
Biographical / Historical:
In 1894, Nathaniel Lombard developed the first practical water wheel governor in Roxbury, Mass. Lombard's design incorporated hydraulics and a unique anti-racing device to move the gates of the largest turbines multiple times faster than any existing device. In 1904, the company moved to Ashland, Massachusetts. During the first World War, Lombard Governor produced hydraulic lathes for the manufacture of artillery shells, and special valves for the US government's Muscle Shoals nitrogen plant. At the conclusion of the war, Lombard expanded into the areas of chain saws and plastic molding injection machines. In 1962, the company changed its name to Lombard Industries. In 1964, Lombard Industries was acquired by American Lincoln Corporation and the operation was moved to Toledo, Ohio.
Provenance:
Acquired in 1962 by the National Museum of American History's Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, (Now the National Museum of American History) from donor William Sorensen.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Hydraulic engineering  Search this
Turbines  Search this
Water-power  Search this
Water-wheels  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Patents
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- 20th century
Price lists
Reports
Bulletins
Glass negatives
Blueprints
Catalogs
Citation:
Lombard Governor Company Records, 1898-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1091
See more items in:
Lombard Governor Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1091

Dodge Manufacturing Company Records

Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Dodge Manufacturing Co.  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
38 Cubic feet (222 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Albums
Place:
Mishawaka (Ind.)
Date:
circa 1910-1924
Scope and Contents:
A collection of photographs, some prints but mostly negatives, documenting the facilities, products and staff of the Dodge Manufacturing Company between 1905 and 1924. There are exterior and interior views of the factory.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
The Dodge Manufacturing Company, of Mishawaka, Indiana, was started in 1878 as a small wood specialties shop. It later became a manufacturer of power transmission machinery and was a division of Reliance Electric Company.
Provenance:
Donated by the Dodge Manufacturing Company in 1969.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Power transmission  Search this
Manufacturing  Search this
Machinery industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1900-1950
Albums -- 1920-1930
Citation:
Archives Center, Lombard Governor Company Records, circa 1910-1924, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1092
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1092

Grutzner Diesel Company Negatives

Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Grutzner Diesel Company.  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Approximately one hundred fifteen glass negatives of diesels.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Diesel engines  Search this
Engines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Photographs -- Glass -- Silver gelatin -- 20th century
Citation:
Grutzner Diesel Company Negatives, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1097
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1097

Pelton Water Wheel Collection

Collector:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Creator:
Pelton Water Wheel Company  Search this
Brayton, A.P.  Search this
Names:
Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton Co.  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (5 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cyanotypes
Correspondence
Photographs
Reports
Blueprints
Advertisements
Catalogs
Business records
Glass negatives
Date:
1880-1975
Scope and Contents:
Papers relating to the Pelton Water Wheel Company of San Francisco, California. Materials include correspondence; business records; photographs, including cyanotypes; negatives, images of turbines; advertisements; journals; blueprints; articles; and trade literature, including catalogs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into six series.

Series 1: Background Materials, undated

Series 2: Glass Negatives, 1906-1908

Series 3: Correspondence, 1880-1975

Series 4: Trade Literature, 1956

Series 5: Photographs, 1880-1939

Series 6: Miscellaneous, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Lester A. Pelton invented a new type of water wheel, which he patented in 1880. A.P. Brayton bought his business, but the name Pelton became a generic term for this type of wheel. The successor firm was Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton.
Provenance:
This collection' specific provenance is unknown, but it may have been donated to the Museum's Division of Work and Industry (formerly the Division of Engineering and Industry) by a successor firm of Pelton. The Division transferred the collection to the Archives Center in 2007.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Turbines  Search this
Pumps  Search this
Hydraulic engineering  Search this
Water-wheels  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cyanotypes
Correspondence
Photographs -- 20th century
Reports
Blueprints
Advertisements
Catalogs
Business records
Glass negatives
Citation:
Pelton Water Wheel Collection, 1891-1987, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1093
See more items in:
Pelton Water Wheel Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1093

Union Copper Mining Company Letterpress Copy Book

Collector:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Creator:
Union Copper Mining Company  Search this
Donor:
Giorgianni, Paul J.  Search this
Giorgianni, Rachel R.  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
1 Volume
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Letterpress copybooks
Place:
California
Date:
1903-1905.
Scope and Contents:
Weekly reports of accomplishments, some correspondence, supply orders.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Copperopolis (once known as Copper Canyon) was founded in 1860, and the Union Copper mine was located there soon after. The Union Copper Company was formed in 1899, and it held these mines until 1909, when all the holdings of the Union Company were transferred to the Calaveras Company. Calaveras Consolidated Mining Company Ltd. operated until 1932.
Related Archival Materials:
Additional papers are located in the Stonehill Industrial History Center, Stonehill College, Easton, Massachusetts.
Provenance:
Donated by Paul and Rachel Giorgianni to the National Museum of American History's Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources in 1987.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Mines -- California  Search this
Copper mining -- California  Search this
Copper -- California  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letterpress copybooks
Citation:
Union Copper Mining Company Letterpress Copy Book, 1903-1905, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Paul and Rachel Giorgianni.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1006
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1006

Nathan W. Morgan Papers

Collector:
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Creator:
Morgan, Nathan W.  Search this
Names:
American Bridge Company  Search this
Bureau of Public Roads  Search this
Extent:
10 Cubic feet (29 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Clippings
Pamphlets
Drawings
Photographs
Trade catalogs
Reports
Place:
New York
San Francisco (Calif.)
California
Date:
ca. 1902-1972.
Scope and Contents:
These papers contain materials relating to the design and construction of highway bridges: scrapbooks of clippings compiled by Morgan on suspension, concrete arch, moveable, steel arch, timber, concrete, steel simple span, cantilever, and stone bridges; photographs of American bridges taken by Morgan, 1938; clippings, photographs, pamphlets, and books on bridge welding, 1909-1959; catalog histories, construction stories, and illustrated pamphlets, 1902-1959; drawings and articles on moveable bridges, 1924; reprints, brochures, technical reports, research reports, bridge authority reports and advertising for highway bridges, chiefly in New York and San Francisco, 1918-1959; unsorted clippings on highway bridges, bridge welding, and tunnels, 1954-1968; seven binders of bridge photographs, 1922-1937; and clippings and photographs of bridge construction design, 1969-1972.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Nathan W. Morgan, government civil engineer, worked for the American Bridge Company, 1916-1925, and for the Bureau of Public Roads, Bridge Division, 1925-1961.
Provenance:
Donated by Nathan W. Morgan to the National Museum of History and Technology (now the National Museum of American History), Division of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, in 1964.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Concrete bridges  Search this
Iron and steel bridges  Search this
Tunnels  Search this
welding  Search this
Moveable bridges  Search this
Bridges -- Design and construction  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Clippings -- 20th century
Pamphlets -- 20th century
Drawings -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Trade catalogs
Reports
Citation:
Nathan W. Morgan Papers, 1902-1972, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0965
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0965

Peter J. Bier Papers

Creator:
Bier, Peter J.  Search this
Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Names:
Bureau of Reclamation.  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
3.3 Cubic feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Technical drawings
Black-and-white photographs
Correspondence
Monographs
Blueprints
Technical manuals
Memorandums
Place:
Denver (Colo.)
Date:
1915-1970
bulk 1934-1959
Summary:
Peter J. Bier, born in Hungary, immigrated to the United States in 1904. Bier worked as an engineer for the Bureau of Reclamation in the Department of the Interior from 1923-1954, and continued to work as a consultant in the field after retirement. The collection includes materials related to his work with the Bureau of Reclamation, including project materials, drawings, designs, and inspection reports and data, along with materials documenting his time as an engineering consultant.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents Bier's work with the Bureau of Reclamation on dams and power stations in the Pacific Northwest and Southwest regions of the United States and his contract work in the United States and Mexico. It includes project files, reports, correspondence, notes, blueprints, and technical drawings.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1: Biographical, 1918-1965

Series 2: Articles, Manuals, and Research Materials, 1923-1970

Series 3: Bureau of Reclamation, 1915-1970

Subseries 3.1: Projects, 1934-1958

Subseries 3.2: Inspections and Testing, 1915-1954

Subseries 3.3: Technical Drawings and Designs, 1923-1970

Subseries 3.4: Employee Related Documents, 1950-1954

Series 4: Contract Work, 1954-1967
Biographical / Historical:
Peter J. Bier was born on April 22, 1884 in Ujnely, Hungary. He completed his college education at the State Technical School at Timisoara, Hungary. In 1904, Bier moved to the United States and in 1906 he started a job at Babcock and Wilcox Boiler Company. He worked for a series of companies as a draftsman and designer, and in 1923 he began working as an engineer for the Bureau of Reclamation in the Department of the Interior in Denver, Colorado. Bier specialized in steel pipes and penstocks, which are pipes that deliver water to hydraulic turbines, for various dams.

Over the course of Bier's career, he was involved with project planning for irrigation and power developments, hydraulic structures and equipment, and inspections of equipment. He later supervised the design, specifications, and inspections for penstocks and related equipment. Bier wrote inspection manuals, monographs, and articles related to penstock and pipe design. Upon his retirement from the Bureaus of Reclamation in 1954, he remained active in the field and traveled as an engineering consultant.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Hydraulic engineering -- 1920-1960  Search this
Power stations -- Colorado  Search this
Dams -- Colorado  Search this
Engineers  Search this
Dams -- Mexico  Search this
Pipelines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Technical drawings
Black-and-white photographs
Correspondence -- 20th century
Monographs
Blueprints
Technical manuals -- 20th century
Memorandums -- 20th century
Citation:
Peter J. Bier Papers, 1915-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0973
See more items in:
Peter J. Bier Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0973

Vestal SH420, Broome County, New Jersey

Collection Creator:
Erie Railroad Company  Search this
Olevsky, Walter  Search this
Collection Donor:
ConRail  Search this
Collection Collector:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Container:
Box 9, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1905-05-12
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Erie Railroad Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Erie Railroad Collection
Erie Railroad Collection / Series 1: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1082-ref911

Frank Klepetko Michigan Mining Cyanotype Album

Creator:
Davis, Henry  Search this
Klepetko, Frank, 1856-1925  Search this
Source:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
0.33 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cyanotypes
Photograph albums
Photographs
Reports
Place:
Michigan
Date:
circa 1880
Summary:
Album of cyanotype photographs of mills, mines and mining equipment, and the shipping of iron ore, mostly in Michigan.
Scope and Contents:
The collection is an album of cyanotype photographs depicting mills, mines and mining equipment, and the shipping of iron ore. The photographs are captioned and indicate that the images were mostly taken in cities in Michigan, including Calumet, Marquette, Franklin, Sault Ste. Marie, and Hancock. Some images of Buffalo and Cleveland are also included. The photographs are arranged by the cities in which they were taken.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in one series.

Series 1, Cyanotype Album, circa 1880
Biographical / Historical:
The album is inscribed, "To Henry Davis from Frank Klepetko." Klepetko was a metallurgical engineer who was an authority in copper smelting and refining. Born in Czechoslovakia in 1856, he emigrated to Cleveland, Ohoi in 1867, and obtained his degree of Engineer of Mines at Columbia University in 1880. Though it is unclear whether Klepetko was the photographer of the images in the album, the album was given to Henry C. Davis in 1880. Davis had been made president of a new Conglomerate Mining Company, originally formed on the Upper Peninsula of Michigan in 1863.
Related Materials:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Provenance:
The collection was transferred to the Archives Center from the Division of Work and Industry in 2007.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Topic:
Iron foundries -- Michigan  Search this
Iron mining -- Michigan  Search this
Iron -- Michigan  Search this
Mining equipment  Search this
Ore -- Michigan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cyanotypes
Photograph albums -- 19th century
Photographs -- Cyanotypes -- 1880-1890
Reports
Citation:
Frank Kleptko Michigan Mining Cyanotype Album, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1042
See more items in:
Frank Klepetko Michigan Mining Cyanotype Album
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1042
Online Media:

Lawrence Talma Smith Papers

Collector:
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Smith, Lawrence Talma, 1899-  Search this
Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Names:
Armour Institute of Technology  Search this
Chicago Park District  Search this
Ohio Turnpike  Search this
Former owner:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Articles
Theses
Reports
Specifications
Photographs
Contracts
Drawings
Date:
circa 1927-1966
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes engineering reports, contract specifications, construction photographs, and drawings for South Park Commissioners and Chicago Park District projects, 1927, 1931, 1935-1940; Ohio Turnpike projects, 1951; railway bridges, 1953-1954; and Northern Illinois Toll Highway projects, 1954-1956. Also included are a copy of Smith's thesis for the Civil Engineering degree from Armour Institute of Technology, 1940; an article by Smith, 1940; engineering periodicals; and unidentified photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Lawrence Talman Smith was a structural engineer who worked on various projects from 1924-1940, including the Holland Tunnel in New York, Florence Lake Tunnel in California, construction projects in China, and Chicago Park District projects. Following service in the United States Army from 1940-1945, Smith set up a private consulting practice.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad bridges  Search this
Roads  Search this
Tunnels  Search this
Bridges  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Theses
Reports
Specifications
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Contracts
Drawings
Citation:
Archives Center, Lawrence Talma Smith Papers, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0988
See more items in:
Lawrence Talma Smith Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0988

Silas H. Woodard Papers

Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Woodard, Silas H., 1870-1961  Search this
Names:
Isthmian Canal Commission.  Search this
Pennsylvania Railroad.  Search this
St. Lawrence River Power Development Commission.  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes, 3 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Reports
Photograph albums
Maps
Place:
Great Lakes (North America)
St. Lawrence River
Date:
1899-1932
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of Silas H. Woodard include the Isthmian Canal Commission Report containing text, maps, profiles, and plates, 1899-1901; photograph albums on the East River Tunnel, 1904-1908; reports on the regulation of the levels of the Great Lakes, 1910-1914; and reports dealing with the development of hydroelectric power on the St. Lawrence River, 1930-1932.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical/Historical note:
Silas H. Woodard, civil engineer specializing in power development, dams, tunnels, and foundation work, served as an engineer for the Isthmian Canal Commission, 1899-1902; the Pennsylvania Railroad, 1902-1909; and the Engineering Board of the St. Lawrence River Power Development Commission, 1930s. Woodard also worked as a consulting engineer.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center

Panama Canal Commission Photonegatives (AC1116)

Joe Britton Panama Canal Zone Photographs (AC1234)

W.P. Stine Panama Canal Papers (AC1039)

Katherine Kingsford Panama Canal Photograph Album (AC1040)

W.A. Fishbaugh Panama Canal Photograph Album (AC1021)

John Frances Little Panama Canal Scrapbook (AC0708)

Charles Wood Panama Canal Photograph Album (AC1114)

Robert Dearborn Panama Canal Glass Negatives (AC1111)

William Currie Photograph Album (AC1043)

Roland A. McCrady Photograph Collection (AC0710)

George S. Morison Collection (AC0978)

George W. Sims Papers (AC0127)

William R. Hutton Papers (AC0987)

Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs (AC0945)

Robert F. Olds Collection (AC0231)
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Tunnels  Search this
Dams  Search this
Canals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Reports
Photograph albums
Maps -- 19th century
Citation:
Silas H. Woodard Papers, circa 1899-1932, Archives Center, National Museum of American
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1038
See more items in:
Silas H. Woodard Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1038

Lloyd F. Rader Papers

Collector:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Creator:
Rader, Lloyd Forrest, 1902-1979  Search this
Donor:
Rader, Helen  Search this
Rader, Helen  Search this
Names:
American Society for Testing and Materials  Search this
American Society of Civil Engineers.  Search this
Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn  Search this
University of Wisconsin--Madison  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lecture notes
Resumes
Photographs
Books
Certificates
Clippings
Correspondence
Awards
Date:
1925 - 1980
Summary:
Lloyd F. Rader was born in 1902 in Lincoln, Nebraska. He received his education from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, earning his bachelor, masters, and Ph. D in civil engineering. Rader taught at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln, the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, New York and he served as a professor at the University of Wisconsin at Madison for 33 years. The collection includes material about Rader's professional career, honors and awards he received, and articles and textbooks authored or co-authored by Rader about asphalt, concrete, and urban planning.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains materials related to Lloyd F. Rader's career in civil engineering, including resumes, correspondence, photographs, lecture notes, research papers, honorary memberships in various societies, award certificates, newsletters, clippings, reprints of journal articles written by Rader, periodicals, and books on construction and paving materials.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into three series.

Series 1: Biographical, 1954-1980

Series 2: Honors and Awards, 1938-1979

Series 3: Articles and Textbooks, 1925-1979
Biographical / Historical:
Lloyd Forrest Rader was born in Lincoln, Nebraska on October 8, 1902. Rader earned his bachelor degree in 1924, his master's degree in 1925,and his Ph. D. degree in civil engineering in 1938, all from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. He also attended the United States Naval Academy for three years, from 1919 to 1922. Rader worked as a civil engineer for the Pennsylvania State Highway Department and the Nebraska State Highway Department. In 1925, he began teaching as a civil engineering instructor at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln. From 1928-1937, Rader served as an Assistant Professor of Civil Engeering at the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, New York and from 1937 to 1940 he served as an Associate Professor. While at the Polytechnic Institute, Rader developed a testing laboratory for highway materials and for soil mechanics and taught undergraduate and graduate coursework. In 1940, Rader joined the staff of the University of Wisconsin at Madison serving as Professor of Civil Engineering in charge of the Division of Highway Engineering and City Planning. During World War II, Rader served as an officer in the Civil Engineering Corps and Sea Bees of the the Navy on active duty for over four years, reaching the rank of Commander.

While at the University of Wisconsin, Rader served on a variety of committees including the Campus Planning Committee and the University Civil Defense Committee. He was also an active member in the Madison, Wisconsn community, serving as the chairman of the Madison Traffic Commission, the chairman of the Madison Civil Defense Commission, the president of the University West End Club and the Madison Technical Club. Rader also was involved in professional engineering societies, including the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, the American Society for Testing and Materials, and the American Society of Civil Engineers.

Rader retired from the University of Wisconsin in 1973. He received numerous awards and honors, including the Prevost Hubbard Award from the American Society for Testing and Materials on June 28, 1974. At the age of 77, Rader died on December 23, 1979.
Provenance:
Donated by Helen Rader to the National Museum of American History's Division of Civil and Mechanical Engineering in 1982.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectural property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
City planning  Search this
Pavements  Search this
Asphalt  Search this
Civil engineers  Search this
Concrete -- 1920-1960  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Civil engineering  Search this
Roads  Search this
Urban planning and environment  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lecture notes
Resumes
Photographs -- 20th century
Books -- 20th century
Books
Certificates
Clippings -- 20th century
Certificates -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Awards
Citation:
Lloyd F. Rader Papers, 1925-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0952
See more items in:
Lloyd F. Rader Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0952

Henry Grattan Tyrrell and Mary Maude Knox Tyrrell Papers

Creator:
Tyrrell, Henry Grattan, 1867-1948  Search this
Collector:
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Author:
Tyrrell, Mary Maude Knox  Search this
Extent:
2.3 Cubic feet (11 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Publications
Advertisements
Scrapbooks
Correspondence
Date:
1886-1941
Summary:
Manuscripts, correspondence, business records, newspaper clippings and scrapbooks documenting the career of Henry Grattan Tyrrell, an early-twentieth-century civil engineer and bridge builder who was also a prolific self-published author of hundreds of journal articles and several books. Subjects include aesthetic bridge design, history of bridges, design of movable bridges, and the economical design of factories, shops, and mill buildings.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains typed manuscripts, correspondence, drawings, and business records written by and relating to Henry Grattan Tyrrell, civil engineer, bridge builder and prolific self-published author on the subjects of bridge engineering, aesthetics and history of bridge design, and the economical design of factories, shops and mill buildings.

The bulk of the collection consists of drafts and submission copies of his numerous published journal articles as well as early manuscripts of several of his books. Also included are two scrapbooks compiled by Tyrrell, containing many of his published articles, pamphlets, and letters to editors of engineering-related publications, as well as advertising material for both his engineering businesses and his books. There are many newspaper clippings related to projects Tyrrell worked on or expressed interest in, documentation of claims he brought against various companies for infringement or failure to pay, lists of his works, compilations of critical praise and personal endorsements, and general material relating to his experiences in publishing.

The collection presents a specific view of the trends and innovations in engineering at the beginning of the twentieth century, particularly focusing on bridges of all types and materials, as well as an early example of self-employment and self-promotion. It may be of interest to researchers in the areas of bridge and factory design in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, historical engineering publications, and the history of bridge building in the United States and Canada.
Arrangement:
This collection is divided into seven (7) series:

Series 1: Personal, 1886; 1920s-1930s; undated

Series 2: Correspondence, 1895-1901; 1907; 1911-1917; 1928-1929; 1931-1941

Series 3: Business Records, 1899-1937

Subseries 3.1: Engineering, 1899; 1902; 1905; 1917-1919; 1923; 1935

Subseries 3.2: Publishing, 1900-1920

Subseries 3.3: Legal/Financial, 1901-1902; 1907-1908; 1914-1915; 1920-1932; 1937

Series 4: Proposals, Drawings and Sketches, 1900-1908; 1920-1921; undated

Series 5: Publications, 1886; 1900-1905; 1909-1916

Subseries 5.1: Books, 1911-1913; 1920-1921

Subseries 5.2 Articles, 1886; 1900-1905; 1909-1916; 1920

Subseries 5.3 Article drafts/submission copies, 1900-1905; 1912-1915; 1920

Series 6: Press Clippings, 1900-1921

Series 7: Scrapbooks, 1901-1920
Biographical / Historical:
Henry Grattan Tyrrell (1867-1948) was born in Weston, Ontario, Canada and was educated at the University of Toronto School of Practical Science as a civil engineer specializing in bridge architecture and design. He worked for several architectural companies, including the Boston Bridge Company (Massachusetts), the Brackett Bridge Company (Ohio), as well as his own businesses the American Estimating Company, and Grattan Tyrrell & Co. His brief career as an engineer was superceded by his prolific career as a writer of both journal articles and books on the aesthetics of bridge design and practical designs for factories and mill houses.

The son of an avid outdoorsman and explorer, his early writings are about the Canadian wilderness. By the turn of the century, his writing focused on architectural engineering, specifically the design of bridges. Tyrrell was well-traveled and wrote at length about the beauty of a well-designed bridge, like those he had seen all over the world. He suggested that America's cities (Chicago, Seattle, Milwaukee and Cleveland), build attractive bridges, which, he argued, could also be economical. His books History of Bridge Engineering (1911) and Artistic Bridge Design (1912) spoke to these issues. He expanded his love of aesthetics to buildings as well, advocating for the economical and practical design of factory buildings and floors, as well as mill houses and shops (Mill Buildings, 1911; Engineering of Shops and Factories, 1912). His last (possibly unpublished) book, Movable Bridges (1921), explored the design of drawbridges, vertical lift bridges and suspension bridges. His wife, Mary Maude Knox Tyrrell, co-authored and illustrated many of the books.

Tyrrell was an avid self-promoter, writing reviews of his own books, including contents and endorsements of his achievements, and selling them in pamphlet form. He was a frequent contributor to many engineering journals, such as Canadian Engineer, Builders' Magazine, Engineering News, and The Engineering Magazine. His prolific writings on the subjects of bridge engineering and aesthetics are a lasting legacy of early-twentieth century ingenuity.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Grattan Tyrrell. Exact date of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Factories  Search this
Mill buildings  Search this
Mills  Search this
Bridges  Search this
Tunnels  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Publications
Advertisements
Scrapbooks
Correspondence
Citation:
Henry Grattan Tyrrell and Mary Maude Knox Tyrrell Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0948
See more items in:
Henry Grattan Tyrrell and Mary Maude Knox Tyrrell Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0948

Dean F. Petersen Collection

Collector:
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Creator:
Petersen, Dean F., 1913-1989  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Articles
Books
Place:
Colorado -- Environmental management
Date:
1952-1977
Summary:
The collection documents some of the writings by Dean F. Petersen, a civil engineer specializing in water resource management.
Scope and Contents:
Journal articles and publications written by Peterson, on engineering subjects such as irrigation, drainage, and water resource management, and a copy of his book, Environmental Management in the Colorado River Basin.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Dean F. Petersen (1913-1989) graduated from Utah State with a bachelors degree in Civil Engineering. He earned his masters and doctorate in engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Petersen taught engineering at Utah State, 1946 to 1949 and at Colorado State University, 1949-1957. He served as Dean of the College of Engineering at Utah State, 1957-1973. Petersen specialized in hydraulics and water resource management and published widely on these subjects.
Provenance:
Donated by Dean F. Peterson in 1977 to the Museum's Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (now the Division of Engineering and Industry).
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Environmental management  Search this
Water resources development  Search this
Water-supply  Search this
Drainage  Search this
Irrigation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles -- 1950-2000
Books
Citation:
Dean F. Petersen Collection, 1952-1977, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0967
See more items in:
Dean F. Petersen Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0967

Erasmus D. Leavitt Papers

Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Calumet and Hecla Mining Company.  Search this
Leavitt, Erasmus D., 1836-1916  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
20.4 Cubic feet (3 boxes, 82 folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Notebooks
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Letterpress books
Diaries
Blueprints
Account books
Place:
Upper Peninsula (Mich.)
Date:
1871-1917
Summary:
Tracings on linen of steam engines of all types, pumping, histing, air compressing, mining, material handling, power transmission, mine structures, mining machinery, and buildings by Erasmus D. Leavitt, Jr. for Calumet Heclas, Inc. of Calumet, Michigan.
Scope and Contents note:
These papers contain engineering drawings by Leavitt from the Calumet & Hecla Mining Company including tracings and blueprints of 2000 to 8000 horsepower compound hoisting engines, 1889-1917; hoisting plants, 1891-1901; shaft hoisting gear, 1887-1902; Calumet & Hecla compressor houses, 1877-1882; waterworks; and electric plants. Also included are notebooks containing engine drawings and calculations; account books, 1885; a diary; a letterpress volume of sketches and office memoranda, 1884-1890; scrapbooks.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series by drawing number. Descriptions contain a category designation beginning with a letter. For example, drawings associated with Torch Lake in Michigan are desginated as Category K. In some instances, the drawings are categorized as XY with no further description or are un-numbered.

Series 1: Drawings

A Pumping Engine No. 2

B Boiler House and Gear House

C Gearing for Pump and Man Engine

D Hoisting Engine No. 1, Hecla Mine

E Calumet Mine General

F Calumet Pond Water Works

G Hecla Mine General

H No. 4 Stamp for Calumet Mill

I Calumet & Helca Mine General

J Calumet Hoisting Gear

K Torch Lake

L Hoisting Engine "Superior"

M Miscellaneous Engine Parts

N Pumping Engine "Arcadian"

O Engine "Wabeek"

P Pumping Engine "Ontario"

Q Hoisting Engine "Frontenac"

R Engine "Erie"

S Engine "Hecla"

T Pumping Engine No. 1

U Black Hills Hoisting Gear

V Hoisting Engines "Gratiot", "Houghton" & "Seneca"

W Pumping Engines "Michigan" & "Winnipeg"

X Hoisting Engines "Minong" & "Siscowitt"

Y Hoisting Engines "Mesnard & Pontiac"

Z Hoisting Engines "Hancock" & "Pewabic"

AA Sinking Engines "Delaware" & "Iroquois"

BB Compressor Engine "Mackinac"

CC Compressor Engine "Baraga"

DD Lake Superior Water Works

EE Hoisting Engines "Marquette" & Chippewa"

FF Hoisting Engines "Minnesota" & "Escanaba" and "Illinois" & "Wisconsin"

GG Misc. City of Boston Improved Sewerage Pumping Engine

HH Hoisting Engines "Osage", "Owego" & "Ontonagon"

II Amygdaloid Sand Wheel

JJ Pump "Arcadian"

KK Engine "Saginaw"
Biographical/Historical note:
The Calumet & Hecla Company, which was formed in about 1866, was one of the largest mining operations in the Lake Superior region of upper Michigan. Over 3 billion pounds of copper were removed from its extensive mines by the time operations ceased in 1939. To facilitate the work in both the mines and smelting plants, the company installed some the largest steam engines ever built. The aggregate amounted to over 55,000 horsepower.

Noted 19th century steam engineer Erasmus Darwin Leavitt was hired to design the series of huge multi-cylinder engines. Each had sufficient power to support several operations at one time. While an engine drove one of the hoists, it might also power pumping, conveying, and air compressing machinery. At the peak of operations there were at least 50 steam engines of all sizes providing power to Calumet & Hecla. Falling copper prices during the 1920s and the economic depression of the 1930s ultimately forced the mines to close. The engines were of no further use and their countless tons of cast iron and steel ended up in the scrap drives of World War II.

The collection came to the Smithsonian in 1960 from Calumet & Hecla, Inc. In the course of a reorganization in 1952 mining had been dropped from the company name as the emphasis was on chemicals, foundry work, and forest products. Its remaining mining activites in other areas of Michigan were phased out during the 1960s and in 1968 C&H merged with Universal Oil Prodcuts, Inc. Late in 1970 UOP scrapped what was left of the C&H physical plant and its remaining assests were auctioned off.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

Michigan Technological University Archives and Copper COuntry Hihstorical Collections

Calumet and Hecla Mining Company Collection
Provenance:
Collection materials donated by Calumet and Hecla, Inc. in 1960 and by Thomas E. P. Rice, 1977.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Hoisting and conveying  Search this
Mineral industries  Search this
Pumping  Search this
Steam-engines  Search this
Engines  Search this
Waterworks  Search this
Mining  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notebooks
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Letterpress books
Diaries
Blueprints
Account books
Citation:
Erasmus D. Leavitt Collection, 1871-1917, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0966
See more items in:
Erasmus D. Leavitt Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0966
Online Media:

Canadian Bridges Photograph Albums

Creator:
Edwards, Llewellyn Nathaniel, 1873-1952  Search this
Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
St. Mary's River (Ontario, Can.)
Sault Ste. Marie (Michigan)
Internatilonal Bridge (St Mary's River, Ontario, Can)
Coteau Bridge (Quebec, Can.)
Date:
1873-1911
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of two photograph albums documenting two Canadian drawbridges. One album, covering the years 1889 to 1911, documents the Coteau Bridge in Quebec. The Coteau Bridge crosses the St. Lawrence River in Quebec. It includes images of the bridge, the construction crew and machinery.

The other album, covering the years 1873 to 1901, documents the International Bridge on the St. Mary's River in Ontario. The International Bridge connects Sault Ste. Marie in Michigan to Sault Ste. Marie in Ontario. Most of the photographs are captioned and document the process of the bridge's construction. The photographers are unknown.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical/Historical note:
Llewellyn N. Edwards, 1873-1952, was a civil engineer and designer. He worked from 1901 to 1943 for the Boston Bridge Works, the Boston and Maine Railroad, the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad, the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada, the Toronto Department of Works, the United States Bureau of Public Roads, and the Maine State Highway Commission.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Llewellyn Edwards, 1964.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bridges -- Canada  Search this
Drawbridges  Search this
Bridges -- Design and construction  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1850-1900
Photographs -- 1900-1910
Photograph albums -- 19th century
Citation:
Canadian Bridges Photograph Albums, 1973-1911, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1025
See more items in:
Canadian Bridges Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1025

International bridge photograph album

Collection Creator:
Edwards, Llewellyn Nathaniel, 1873-1952  Search this
Collection Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1873-1911
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Canadian Bridges Photograph Albums, 1973-1911, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Canadian Bridges Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1025-ref532

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By
  • Archives Center, National Museum of American History