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Oral history interview with Ruth Esherick and Mansfield Bascom on Wharton Esherick, 1991 March 26

Interviewee:
Bascom, Ruth Esherick  Search this
Bascom, Ruth Esherick  Search this
Interviewer:
Pacini, Marina  Search this
Subject:
Esherick, Wharton  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women printmakers  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13331
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214377
AAA_collcode_bascom91
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_214377

Cecilia Beaux papers, 1863-1968

Creator:
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Subject:
Andrew, A. Piatt (Abram Piatt)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Poems
Diaries
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Women  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5882
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208722
AAA_collcode_beauceci
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208722
Online Media:

Rebecca Beal papers, 1949-1982

Creator:
Beal, Rebecca J.  Search this
Beal, Rebecca J.  Search this
Subject:
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
Eichholtz, Jacob  Search this
Poor, Henry Varnum  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women art historians  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7149
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209283
AAA_collcode_bealrebe
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209283

Cecilia Beaux photographs and newsclippings, circa 1890-1912

Creator:
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Subject:
Beaux, Cecilia  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13632
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)271424
AAA_collcode_beauceci3
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_271424

Cecilia Beaux photographs and newsclippings

Creator:
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Names:
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Extent:
1 Microfilm reel (partial microfilm reel)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
circa 1890-1912
Scope and Contents:
The microfilmed Cecilia Beaux photographs and newsclippings contain photographs of Beaux and her family, among them William F. Biddle, Rev. Aratus Kent, Ernesta Drinker, Emily Leavitt Biddle, Mr. and Mrs. Henry S. Drinker, and Eliza Leavitt; a glass negative of Beaux's residence, Green Alley; and news clippings about Beaux, including an interview, excerpts from Beaux's lectures, and untitled and undated gallery sheets on Beaux by Anne O'Hagan.
Biographical / Historical:
Cecilia Beaux (1855-1942) was a painter and art instructor in Philadelphia, New York, and Gloucester, Massachusetts. Born in Philadelphia, Beaux studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, where she later taught. She also studied under William Sartain and at the Académie Julian in Paris.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the Cecilia Beaux papers, 1863-1968; the Dorothea Gilder papers regarding Cecilia Beaux, 1897-1920; and the microfilmed Henry Drinker research material on Cecilia Beaux, circa 1880-1920.
Provenance:
Microfilmed from the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts archives in 1985. Additional family and Beaux memorabilia related to Beaux at the PAFA was not microfilmed.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.beauceci3
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-beauceci3

Cecilia Beaux papers

Creator:
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Names:
Andrew, A. Piatt (Abram Piatt), 1873-1936  Search this
Extent:
3.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Poems
Diaries
Date:
1863-1968
Summary:
The papers of the painter Cecilia Beaux measure 3.3 linear feet and date from 1863 to 1968. Papers document her education, career and personal life through family and professional correspondence, twelve diaries, lectures, essays, poems, notes, clippings, catalogs, pamphlets, exhibition records, business records, photographs, certificates, diplomas, and artifacts.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of the painter Cecilia Beaux measure 3.3 linear feet and date from 1863 to 1968.

Biographical Materials include autobiographical notes written by Beaux, published biographical essays, and articles about Beaux. A lengthy correspondence from Beaux to her friend A. Piatt Andrew of Massachusetts is found, as well as correspondence with family and professional associates. Lengthy letters from Beaux to her family during trips to Europe contain scattered illustrations. Professional correspondents include other artists, teachers, patrons, critics, curators, dealers, and writers.

Writings include one early diary from the 1870s, and a series of eleven additional diaries dating from 1905 to 1913, which record daily activities related to her artwork and personal life. Numerous lectures and essays from her later career are found, often in multiple drafts, as are manuscripts of published and unpublished poems by Beaux. A single sketch, a study for a portrait, is also found.

A floor plan, lists of paintings, receipts, written bids, and other notes document the exhibition and sale of Beaux's artwork. Printed materials related to her career include exhibition catalogs and other ephemera, a scrapbook of primarily clippings related to her early career, and loose clippings related to her later career. Photographs include formal portraits of Cecilia Beaux and informal photographs of Beaux alone and with colleagues, friends, and family members in various settings including Concarneau, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, Gloucester, and Malines, Belgium. Also found is a photograph of John Singer Sargent painting.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 6 series, with multiple subseries in Series 2:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Materials, circa 1893-1943 (Box 1, OV 4-5; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1863-1968 (Boxes 1-2; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1868-1954 (Boxes 2-3, OV 6; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, circa 1883-1936 (Box 3, OV 6; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Materials, circa 1874-1953 (Box 3, OV 6; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1888-1919(Box 3; 0.3 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Cecilia Beaux was born in Philadelphia in 1855. Her mother died just days after her birth, and Beaux and her sister went to live with their grandmother and aunts. Her adoptive family exposed her to fine art throughout her childhood and, once in school, Beaux excelled in her drawing classes and began training in the studio of Catherine A. Drinker, an artist and a cousin of her uncle Will Biddle. From 1881-1883 she attended life classes directed by William Sartain, who traveled to Philadelphia from New York to give criticisms. She also counted the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts master Thomas Eakins among her early influences, though she did not receive direct instruction from him.

Her first major success in painting was a double-portrait of her sister and nephew entitled Les Derniers Jours d'Enfance, exhibited first at the American Art Association, and in 1885 at the Pennsylvania Academy, where it won the Mary Smith Prize, the first of many prizes Beaux received during her lifetime. In 1887, the painting was exhibited at the Paris salon to critical acclaim. Beaux's reputation as a Philadelphia portraitist grew steadily with the execution of several portraits her in Chestnut Street studio, and in 1888 she traveled to Europe to continue her studio education.

In Paris, she joined the Academie Julien, where she received criticisms from Tony Robert Fleury and William Adolph Bougereau. She spent the summer in Concarneau, Brittany, where Alexander Harrison and Charles Lazar critiqued her work, and returned to Paris, where she attended the Academie Colarossi under and sought out private criticisms in the atelier of Benjamin Constant. She copied paintings and classical sculpture at the Louvre, and traveled throughout Europe to view the works of old masters. In England, she painted several portraits of her friends, the Darwins, before returning to Philadelphia in August of 1889. She traveled to Europe several more times in her life, including a trip in 1896 to see six of her paintings exhibited at the Salon de Champs de Mars. At the time this was an unprecedented number of paintings shown there by an American, and their strength earned her a membership in the Societé Nationale des Beaux-Arts.

In the 1890s, Beaux earned a living painting commissioned portraits at her Philadelphia studio, while experimenting with and refining her style and technique with portraits of friends and family such as Sita and Sarita, of her cousin Sarah Leavitt with her cat, The Dreamer, of her friend Caroline Smith, and Ernesta with Nurse, of her niece, who was a favorite sitter of Beaux's throughout her life. Beaux became the first full-time female faculty member at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1895, and continued teaching there until 1915.

In the late 1890s, Beaux painted several works for which she would be repeatedly honored, including Mother and Daughter, a double-portrait of Mrs. Clement A. Griscom and her daughter Frances, which won four gold medals at international exhibitions, and The Dancing Lesson, a double-portrait of Dorothea and Francesca Gilder, the daughters of Richard Watson Gilder, editor of Century Magazine and himself a devoted friend and supporter of Beaux. The Gilders, and especially Dorothea, were steady companions as well as sitters for Beaux throughout her adult life. In 1901 and 1902, Beaux painted Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt and her daughter Ethel in the White House, and in 1903, she was elected to the National Academy of Design.

By 1905 Beaux was living and working primarily in New York during the winter, and at "Green Alley," a home she built in Gloucester, Massachusetts, in the summer. She was introduced to Gloucester by her friend, the Harvard economist A. Piatt Andrew, and entertained a steady stream of intellectual, literary, and artistic friends such as Isabella Stuart Gardner, William James, and Thornton Oakley. Beaux continued to amass prizes and honors for her artwork, including an honorary doctorate at the University of Pennsylvania in 1908. She had solo exhibitions at Macbeth Gallery in 1910, the Corcoran Gallery in 1912, and M. Knoedler Gallery in 1915 and 1917. She had regular public speaking appearances, published articles, and interviews on such subjects as art education, women in art, and modernist art, the pervasive influence of which she eschewed as a passing fad.

In 1919, she traveled to war-torn Europe as the official portraitist of the United States War Portraits Commission painted the portraits of three European war heroes: Cardinal Mercier, Admiral Beatty, and Georges Clemenceau. In 1924, she broke her hip in Paris, and although she continued to paint, she would never again be the prolific painter of her earlier years due to the injury. She wrote her autobiography Background with Figures in 1930, and in 1935-1936, the American Academy of Arts and Letters held the largest exhibition of her work that was mounted during her lifetime. Beaux died in 1942 in Gloucester, at the age of 87.
Related Material:
The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts holds additional papers related to Cecilia Beaux, particularly personal photographs. Portions of these papers were loaned to the Archives of American Art for microfilming in 1985 and were microfilmed on reel 3658.

The Archives of American Art also holds the Dorothea Gilder papers regarding Cecilia Beaux.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels 3425 and 3658) including a sketchbook and other related papers. Lent materials were returned to the lenders and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Portions of the papers were first lent for microfilming by Harrison Cultra in 1968. The bulk of the collection was donated in1970-1971 by Catherine Drinker Bowen, Beaux's niece, and by Cultra. In 1985, the sketchbook on reel 3425 was lent for microfilming by art dealer Jeffrey Brown with additional material by The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. A palette was donated by Helen Seely Wheelwright, whose former husband, Paul Seeley, was an artist and friend of Beaux. Awards and diplomas were gifted in 1995 by Cecilia Saltonstall, a descendant of Beaux. Material and a poster reproduction of Beaux's portrait of Rear-Admiral Sampson advertising an article in Century Magazine, 1899, was donated in 1991 by Alfred J. Walker, a dealer who organized a Beaux exhibition. He received the material along with artwork he exhibited from the estate of Richard Barker, who had received them from Harrison Cultra. Cultra had inherited them from Beaux's niece, Ernesta Drinker Barlow.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Poems
Diaries
Citation:
Cecilia Beaux papers, 1863-1968. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.beauceci
See more items in:
Cecilia Beaux papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-beauceci
Online Media:

Rebecca Beal papers

Creator:
Beal, Rebecca J.  Search this
Names:
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967  Search this
Eichholtz, Jacob, 1776-1842  Search this
Poor, Henry Varnum, 1887-1970  Search this
Extent:
7.6 Linear feet ((on 11 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1949-1982
Scope and Contents:
Research material on Jacob Eichholtz; and letters.
REELS 3668-3678: Beal's research papers for her book on her great grandfather, painter, Jacob Eichholtz. Arranged in subject files and include research notes; correspondence; printed material; typescripts of the text; and two exhibition catalogs. Also includes photographs and negatives of portraits and paintings by Eichholtz; and publications (including the one Beal wrote) on Pennsylvania art and artists.
REEL 1079: 34 letters from Charles Burchfield and 6 letters from Henry Varnum Poor to Beal.
Biographical / Historical:
Art historian, patron; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Jacob Eichholtz was a 19th century painter. Beal is his great granddaughter. She wrote a book about him, JACOB EICHHOLTZ, 1776-1842: PORTRAIT PAINTER OF PENNSYLVANIA, published in 1969.
Related Materials:
Documents of Rebecca J. Beal are also located at LancasterHistory.
Provenance:
Donated 1976 and 1988 by Rebecca J. Beal.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Art historians -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women art historians  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.bealrebe
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bealrebe

Oral history interview with Ruth Esherick and Mansfield Bascom on Wharton Esherick

Interviewee:
Bascom, Ruth Esherick  Search this
Interviewer:
Pacini, Marina  Search this
Creator:
Bascom, Mansfield  Search this
Names:
Esherick, Wharton  Search this
Extent:
105 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1991 March 26
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Ruth Esherick Bascom and Mansfield Bascom regarding Wharton Esherick, conducted 1991 March 26, by Marina Pacini, for the Archives of American Art Philadelphia Project.
Ruth Esherick Bascom and Mansfield Bascom speak about Wharton Esherick's family, his education, his "organic" life in Paoli, Pennsylvania, and his efforts to support himself through the sale of his paintings, furniture and sculpture. They discuss Esherick's work, its stylistic development, and changes in his prints and furniture, materials; clients such as the Hedgrow Theater, The Fischer family, Marjorie Content, Curtis Bok; Esherick's studio and his workshop; Esherick's relationship with Miriam Phillips and some of the clients she brought him; and contacts in New York City.
Biographical / Historical:
Ruth Esherick Bascom from Paoli, Pennsylvania, is the daughter of Wharton Esherick (1887-1970), who was a sculptor, painter, printmaker, and furniture maker from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Bascom is married to Mansfield Bascom.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 40 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics anda others.
Restrictions:
Transcript: Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Cabinetmakers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Printmakers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Sculptors -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women printmakers  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.bascom91
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bascom91

Eve Peri papers

Creator:
Peri, Eve, 1897-1966  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
circa 1900-1996, bulk 1939-1966
Summary:
The papers of painter and embroidery artist Eve Peri measure 0.6 linear feet and date from circa 1900 to 1996 with the bulk of materials dating from 1939 to 1966. The papers are scattered and include biographical materials, travel documents, correspondence, financial records, printed material, designs for embroidered clothing, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter and embroidery artist Eve Peri measure 0.6 linear feet and date from circa 1900 to 1996 with the bulk of materials dating from 1939 to 1966. The papers are scattered and include biographical materials, travel documents, correspondence, financial records, printed material, designs for embroidered clothing, and photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as one series.

Series 1: Eve Peri papers, circa 1900-1996 (0.6 linear feet; Box 1, OV2-3)
Biographical / Historical:
Eve Peri (1897-1966) was a collagist, embroiderer, and painter active in New York City, New York.

Eve Peri was born in Bangor, Maine in 1897. From her mother and aunts, Peri learned traditional quilting and embroidery techniques. A largely self-trained artist, she used her skills to design clothing, tapestry, and collages and also painted. She collaborated with her husband Alfonso Umana Mendez, a designer for Fred Leighton, designing women's embroidered clothing. After divorcing in 1939, she traveled around Europe and began to exhibit her works.

Peri moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania late in life and opened a gallery in New Hope to show her works. She died in 1966.
Provenance:
The Eve Peri papers were donated by Elizabeth Bullock and Judith Stein, executor and curator of the estate in 2001.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Occupation:
Collagists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Fiber artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Embroidery  Search this
Fiberwork  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Eve Peri papers, circa 1900-1996, bulk 1939-1966. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.perieve
See more items in:
Eve Peri papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-perieve

Oral history interview with Elizabeth Osborne, 1991 May 24

Interviewee:
Osborne, Elizabeth, 1936-  Search this
Osborne, Elizabeth, 1936-  Search this
Interviewer:
Veloric, Cynthia  Search this
Subject:
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
Pittman, Hobson Lafayette  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Marian Locks Gallery  Search this
Fischbach Gallery  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women printmakers  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11696
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214384
AAA_collcode_osborn91
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_214384

Oral history interview with Diane Burko, 2016 November 4-14

Interviewee:
Burko, Diane, 1945-  Search this
Burko, Diane, 1945-  Search this
Interviewer:
Veloric, Cynthia  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17417
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)384974
AAA_collcode_burko16
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_384974
Online Media:

Violet Oakley papers, 1841-1981

Creator:
Oakley, Violet, 1874-1961  Search this
Oakley, Violet, 1874-1961  Search this
Subject:
Pennsylvania State Capitol (Harrisburg, Pa.)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Diaries
Glass plate negatives
Renderings
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Visitors' books
Sketches
Topic:
Artists' materials  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- United States  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9580
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211781
AAA_collcode_oaklviol
Theme:
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211781
Online Media:

Mary Cassatt correspondence with Emily Sartain, [ca. 1872-1874]

Creator:
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
Subject:
Sartain, Emily  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Art Movements and Schools  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9720
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212004
AAA_collcode_cassmces
Theme:
Women
Art Movements and Schools
Lives of American Artists
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212004

Ida Waugh letter

Creator:
Waugh, Ida, d. 1919  Search this
Names:
Fry, Anna  Search this
Extent:
1 Item ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1891 July 24
Scope and Contents:
Letter to Miss Anna Fry, apologizing for her delay in writing, July 24, 1891; and a printed photograph of Waugh.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; Philadelphia, Pa.
Provenance:
Donated 1955-1962 by Charles E. Feinberg, an active donor and friend of AAA.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.waugida
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-waugida

Oral history interview with Diane Burko

Interviewee:
Burko, Diane, 1945-  Search this
Interviewer:
Veloric, Cynthia  Search this
Extent:
6 Items (Sound recording: 6 sound files (4 hr., 30 min.), digital, wav)
85 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Date:
2016 November 4-14
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Diane Burko conducted 2016 November 4 and 14, by Cynthia Veloric, for the Archives of American Art, at Burko's home and studio in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Biographical / Historical:
Diane Burko (1945- ) is a painter in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Cynthia Veloric (1956- ) is an art historian in Gladwyne, Pennsylvania.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.burko16
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-burko16

Mary Cassatt correspondence with Emily Sartain

Creator:
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
Names:
Sartain, Emily, 1841-1927  Search this
Extent:
15 Items ((on 1 partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
[ca. 1872-1874]
Scope and Contents:
Fourteen letters from Cassatt to Emily Sartain and one letter from Sartain to Cassatt, discussing a trip the two were to take to Europe, as well as some mention by Cassatt of her artistic development in Spain and Italy. Dates on the correspondence are by an unknown hand and are questionable.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; Philadelphia, Pa. and Europe. Emily Sartain was the daughter of John Sartain. She studied both with her father and Christian Schussele at the Pennsylvania Academy. She won several awards at the Academy and taught at the Philadelphia School of Art and Design.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1985, by the PAFA as part of the AAA's documentation project. The source of the letters is unknown, although it is probable that they came through the estate of Harriet Sartain.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.cassmces
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cassmces

Oral history interview with Elizabeth Osborne

Interviewee:
Osborne, Elizabeth, 1936-  Search this
Interviewer:
Veloric, Cynthia  Search this
Names:
Fischbach Gallery  Search this
Marian Locks Gallery  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Pittman, Hobson Lafayette, 1899 or 1900-1972  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault, 1894-1972  Search this
Extent:
126 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1991 May 24
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Elizabeth Osborne conducted 1991 May 24, by Cynthia Veloric, for the Archives of American Art Philadelphia Project.
Osborne discusses her family and early life; studies at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts including her teachers Franklin Watkins and Hobson Pittman; going to France on a Fulbright in 1963; teaching at the Academy and changes over the years; exhibiting at the Perakis, Makler, Marian Locks, Gimpel & Weitzenhoffer, and Fischbach galleries, and a general discussion of the Philadelphia gallery scene, sales and collectors; the various media she works in including watercolor, acrylic, oil, and prints; changes in subject matter including the Nava series, landscapes and still lifes; and being a woman artist.
Biographical / Historical:
Elizabeth Osborne (1936- ) is a painter and printmaker from Philadelphia, Pa.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hrs., 58 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript: Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Printmakers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women printmakers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.osborn91
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-osborn91

Violet Oakley papers

Creator:
Oakley, Violet, 1874-1961  Search this
Names:
Pennsylvania State Capitol (Harrisburg, Pa.)  Search this
Extent:
56.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Diaries
Glass plate negatives
Renderings
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Visitors' books
Sketches
Date:
1841-1981
Summary:
The papers of painter, stained glass artist, and muralist Violet Oakley measure 56.4 linear feet and date from 1841-1981. Found within the papers are biographical materials; personal and business correspondence; writings, including essays, lectures, and project drafts; diaries and journals; financial material; artwork; printed material, including scrapbooks; and photographs, 3 albums, 322 glass plate negatives, and 1600 film negatives of Oakley, her family and friends, and her work.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter, stained glass artist, and muralist Violet Oakley measure 56.4 linear feet and date from 1841-1981. Found within the papers are biographical materials; personal and business correspondence; writings, including essays, lectures, and project drafts; diaries and journals; financial material; artwork; printed material, including scrapbooks; and photographs, 3 albums, 322 glass plate negatives, and 1600 film negatives of Oakley, her family and friends, and her work.

Biographical materials include certificates, family records, curriculum vitae, and identification cards, and studio guest books. About one-half of the collection is comprised of correspondence with family, friends, and business associates. Writings include Oakley's notes, essays and lectures, and writings related to 16 of her major artworks and publications, including her work on the Pennsylvania Capitol murals in Harrisburg. Diaries and journals include Oakley's travel notes and research on planned artworks.

Financial materials include a catalog of artworks and price lists, accounting records, and art supply receipts. Artwork includes early childhood juvenilia, a sketchbook, sketches of travel and friends, architectural renderings, and artwork by others. Printed materials include books, clippings, exhibition catalogs, programs, and reproductions of artwork by Oakley and others. Photographic materials include photographs, albums, and negatives depicting Oakley, her friends and family, her studio at Cogslea, and reproductions of artwork.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series. A comprehensive index of individidual correspondents for the chronological correspondence is found in the first folder of the chronological correspondence in box 5, folder 41. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers, but listed where they fall intellectually within the collection.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1841-1970 (2.8 linear feet; Boxes 1-3, OV 69, OV 71)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1857-1979 (26.7 linear feet; Boxes 3-30)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, 1899-1976 (10.6 linear feet; Boxes 30-38, 58-64, OV 66, OV 70)

Series 4: Diaries and Journals, 1891-1958 (0.9 linear feet, Boxes 38-39)

Series 5: Financial Material, 1874-1977 (3.1 linear feet; Boxes 39-42)

Series 6: Artwork, 1883-1955 (0.7 linear feet; Boxes 43-43, 64, OV 67, OV 71)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1866-1981 (7.3 linear feet, Boxes 43-50, 65, OV 67)

Series 8: Photographs, 1890-1980 (5.3 linear feet; Boxes 50-57, 65, OV 68)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, muralist, and stained glass designer Violet Oakley (1874-1961) lived and worked in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and was known for her Renaissance-revival style of art and the series of murals she completed for the Pennsylvania State Capitol.

Born in Bergen Heights, New Jersey, to a family of artists, both of Violet Oakley's grandfathers were painters and members of the National Academy. In 1892, she began her art studies at the Art Students' League and traveled abroad a year later to study in Paris at the Academie Montparnasse, and in England with Charles Lazar. Upon her return to the states in 1896, she continued her studies at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and at Drexel Institute with Howard Pyle.

For fourteen years, Oakley shared her early studios at Red Rose Inn and Cogslea Estate with fellow artists and illustrators Elizabeth Shippen Green and Jessie Willcox Smith. These two studio homes were managed by their friend Henrietta Cozens in a cooperative arrangement which allowed all three artists to focus on their work as commercial artists. Early in her career, Oakley designed covers for magazines such as Collier's Weekly and Century Magazine, and also found work as a stained glass designer for the Church Glass and Decorating Company of New York. In 1900, she received her first major commission to design and execute two large murals and six stained glass pieces for the All Angels' Church in New York City.

In 1902 Oakley was approached by architect Joseph Huston to design 13 murals for the Governor's reception room in the new Pennsylvania State Capitol in Harrisburg. She eventually completed two additional mural commissions for the Capitol's Senate (1911-1920) and Supreme Court (1917-1927) chambers. Her studies of William Penn in connection with her murals for the State Capitol inspired Oakley to work for international peace and eventually led to the publication of a portrait folio depicting League of Nations delegates (1932). Other significant works include murals, panels, and stained glass commissions completed for the Vassar College Alumni house, Charlton Yarnall house (Philadelphia), and Cuyuhoga County courthouse.

While working as an established artist, Oakley also taught courses at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, arranged a yearly lecture series, and published folios and other writings on topics ranging from art history to Christian Science under the Coslea Studios imprint. Her later studio, Lower Cogslea, was shared by artist and lifelong companion Edith Emerson, who after Oakley's death in 1961, established a memorial foundation in her name.

Oakley was the first woman elected to the National Society of Mural Painters, was a recipient of the Gold Medal of Honor of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and was the first woman to receive the Gold Medal of Honor from the Architectural League of New York. Her writings include The Holy Experiment: A Message to the World from Pennsylvania (1922) and Law Triumphant: The Opening of the Book of Law (1933).
Related Materials:
Also found among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are the Violet Oakley Memorial Foundation records and the Violet Oakley autograph and photograph. The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts holds the Violet Oakley Foundation Art Collection, and the Philadelphia Museum of Art holds the Violet Oakley Collection.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels 1204, P12, 1187-1188, 1272, and 1194-1195).

Reel 1204 consists of two scrapbooks (circa 1896-1952) containing clippings from magazines of illustrations by Violet Oakley and her sister, Hester, and of Violet's murals for the State Capitol at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Reel P12 is of a scrapbook (1898-1936) containing a photograph of Oakely at her easel, clippings, and letters. Reels 1187-1188 consist of five scrapbooks (1920-1962) containing letters, clippings, exhibition announcements, catalogs, and awards. One of the scrapbooks is devoted to "The Holy Experiment", a limited edition publication by Oakley which commemorating William Penn, and which includes reproductions of Oakley's capitol murals in Harrisburg.

Reel 1272 contains two albums (circa 1900-1949) containing photos of Oakley working on murals in her studio, as well as her works of art, including stained glass windows at the Church of All Angels, New York; murals at the Harrisburg State Capitol; preliminary drawings and site photographs of "Dante's Window"; the lunettes and window for the Yarnall House; murals and preliminary drawings for the Cuyahoga Court House; the mural and dedication ceremonies for the Vassar Alumnae House; and photos and printed material on "Divine Presence--Christ at Geneva," "The Life of Moses," "Great Women of the Bible," and triptychs for the Army and Navy.

Reels 1194-1195 cobsist of photograph albums (circa 1870-1960) containing photographs of the Oakley and Swain families, of Violet Oakley, Edith Emerson, Jessie Willcox Smith, Elizabeth Shippen Green, friends, her home, Oakley's "Red Rose" studio in Villanova, Pennsylvania, her "Cogslea" studio in Philadelphia, and of her works of art, mainly portraits of her friends and of delegates to the League of Nations.

Lent materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Violet Oakley first loaned the Archives of American Art materials for microfilming in 1959. Edith Emerson, Oakley's longtime friend and companion, donated and lent papers for microfilming in 1977 and 1984. The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, who had received the papers from Emerson's estate, donated two feet of materials in 1988.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' research center in Washington, D.C.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Stained glass artists -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Muralists -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Artists' materials  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- United States  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Diaries
Glass plate negatives
Renderings
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Visitors' books
Sketches
Citation:
Violet Oakley papers, 1941-1981. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.oaklviol
See more items in:
Violet Oakley papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-oaklviol
Online Media:

Elaine de Kooning papers

Creator:
De Kooning, Elaine  Search this
Names:
Chessman, Caryl, 1921-1960  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963  Search this
Extent:
1.1 Linear feet
0.003 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Transcripts
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Date:
circa 1959-2013
Summary:
The scattered papers of Abstract Expressionist painter Elaine de Kooning are dated circa 1959-2013 and measure 1.1 linear feet and 0.003 GB. Found within the papers are letters, writings, a sketch of John F. Kennedy, notes, a sound recording, a few documents regarding Willem de Kooning, transcripts of interviews of de Kooning, transcripts of recorded conversations between de Kooning and others, and transcripts of lectures by de Kooning and others. There are a few photographs of de Kooning and of de Kooning with others, including John F. Kennedy, artist James Bohary, and Ad Reinhardt, and of artwork. Most of the transcripts and few photographs are digitized. Also found are printed materials and two scrapbooks containing a variety of documents about de Kooning's protest against the death penalty and efforts to save the life of convicted criminal Caryl Chessman.
Scope and Contents:
The scattered papers of Abstract Expressionist painter Elaine de Kooning are dated circa 1959-2013 and measure 1.1 linear feet and 0.003 GB. Found within the papers are letters, writings, a sketch of John F. Kennedy, notes, a sound recording, a few documents regarding Willem de Kooning, transcripts of interviews of de Kooning, transcripts of recorded conversations between de Kooning and others, and transcripts of lectures by de Kooning and others. There are a few photographs of de Kooning and of de Kooning with others, including John F. Kennedy, artist James Bohary, and Ad Reinhardt, and of artwork. Most of the transcripts and few photographs are digitized. Also found are printed materials and two scrapbooks containing a variety of documents about de Kooning's protest against the death penalty and efforts to save the life of convicted criminal Caryl Chessman.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Personal Papers, circa 1960s-1989 (Boxes 1, 3; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 2: Interviews, Conversations, and Lectures, 1978-1988 (Box 1, ER01; 0.3 linear feet, 0.001 GB)

Series 3: Photographs, circa 1960s (Box 2, ER02; 4 folders, 0.002 GB)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1961-1982 (Boxes 2-3; 5 folders)

Series 5: Scrapbooks, circa 1959-1962 (Boxes 2-3: 0.3 linear ft.)
Biographical / Historical:
Elaine de Kooning (1918-1989) was an Abstract Expressionist painter, teacher and writer who lived and worked in New York City and East Hampton, N.Y.

Born in Brooklyn, New York, de Kooning studied briefly at Hunter College before enrolling at the Leonardo da Vinci Art School in New York City. She had her first solo exhibition in 1952 at the Stable Gallery in New York and has paintings in the permanent collections of the Museum of Modern Art, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and other institutions. She taught at Yale University, Carnegie Mellon Institute, University of Pennsylvania and other colleges and art schools. Elaine de Kooning died of lung cancer in 1989 at Southampton Hospital in Southampton, New York. Willem de Kooning, her husband of 48 years, survived her.
Related Materials:
Among the holding of the Archives is an oral history interview conducted in 1981 by Phyllis Tuchman, for the Archives of American Art's Mark Rothko and His Times oral history project. Also found is a collection of Elaine and Willem de Kooning financial records.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art in 2003 by Denise Lassaw, de Kooning's goddaughter and her mother Ernestine Lassaw, and in 2013-2015 by Denise Lassaw. Interview transcripts and lectures were donated in 2015 by Doris Aach, a friend who transcribed them for de Kooning.
Restrictions:
Use of original materials requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Educators -- New York (State)  Search this
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- Political activity  Search this
Capital punishment  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Transcripts
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Citation:
Elaine de Kooning papers, circa 1959-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dekoelas
See more items in:
Elaine de Kooning papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dekoelas
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Santa Barraza, 2003 November 21-22

Interviewee:
Barraza, Santa Contreras  Search this
Barraza, Santa Contreras  Search this
Interviewer:
Cordova, Cary  Search this
Subject:
Peña, Amado Maurilio  Search this
Orozco, Sylvia  Search this
Wilson, Liliana  Search this
King-Hammond, Leslie  Search this
Tibol, Raquel  Search this
Garza, Carmen Lomas  Search this
Vargas, Kathy  Search this
De Rivera, José Ruiz  Search this
Ringgold, Faith  Search this
Quirarte, Jacinto  Search this
Bailey, Ben  Search this
Schmidt, Maurice  Search this
Reyna, Israel  Search this
Trevino, Barbina Modesta  Search this
Dodson, Nora Gonzales  Search this
Starpattern, Rita  Search this
Bustamante, Jorge  Search this
Juarez, Isabel  Search this
Delgado, Viola  Search this
Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Chicano artists  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13254
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)246712
AAA_collcode_barraz03
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_246712
Online Media:

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