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Oral history interview with Dorothy Varian

Interviewee:
Varian, Dorothy, 1895-1985  Search this
Interviewer:
Berman, Avis  Search this
Extent:
66 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1980 December 6-7
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Dorothy Varian conducted 1980 December 6-7, by Avis Berman, for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Dorothy Varian (1895-1985) was a painter from New York, N.Y.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 56 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Use requires an appointment.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.varian80
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-varian80

Dorothy Varian papers

Creator:
Varian, Dorothy, 1895-1985  Search this
Names:
Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987  Search this
Brook, Alexander, 1898-1980  Search this
Karfiol, Bernard, 1886-1952  Search this
Klienert, Herminie  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Marshall, Lenore, 1897-1971  Search this
Peirce, Waldo, 1884-1970  Search this
Schmidt, Katherine, 1898-1978  Search this
Schulte, Antoinette E., 1897-1981  Search this
Extent:
2.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Date:
circa 1902-1984
Summary:
The papers of painter Dorothy Varian date from circa 1902 to 1984 and measure 2.3 linear feet. This collection documents Varian's life primarily through scattered biographical material; correspondence with family, friends, artists and art galleries; personal business records; a few writings; exhibition catalogs, news clippings, and other printed material; photographs of Varian, her friends, and artwork; and original sketches by Varian and fellow artist Peggy Bacon.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter Dorothy Varian date from circa 1902 to 1984 and measure 2.3 linear feet. This collection documents Varian's life primarily through scattered biographical material; correspondence with family, friends, artists and art galleries; personal business records; a few writings; exhibition catalogs, news clippings, and other printed material; photographs of Varian, her friends, including Peggy Bacon, Alex Brook, Bernard Karfiol, and Yasuo Kuniyoshi, and artwork; and original sketches by Varian and fellow artist Peggy Bacon.

Varian's earliest correspondence is with her mother and her cousin Jessie, detailing her life as an artist in Paris. Also found is extensive correspondence with with Peggy Bacon, Hermine Kleinert, Lenore G. Marshall, Waldo Pierce, Katherine Schmidt, Antoinette Schulte, and the Renoir family.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1920-1980 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1917-1981 (0.8 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings, 1940s-1960s (3 folders; Box 1)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, 1931-1984 (9 folders; Box 1)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1916-1981 (0.5 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1902-1961 (13 folders; Boxes 2-3)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1912-1924 (11 folders; Boxes 2-3)
Biographical / Historical:
Dorothy Varian (1895-1985) was a painter in New York City, and Woodstock, NY. Varian was born in New York City on April 26, 1895; daughter of Eugene W. and Helen Estelle Varian. She dropped out of high school at 15 and entered Cooper Union where she graduated with honors. After Cooper Union she attended the Art Students League. While a student she inadvertently won first and second prize in a local art contest sponsored by movie producer, William Fox. She used the prize money to rent her first studio in Woodstock.

In 1920, her cousins Jessie and C. Vanderbilt Barton provided her the means to study in Paris. Varian's first one-man show was held in 1922 at the Durand-Ruel Galleries in Paris. A close friend of Varian's during this time was Jean Renior, son of Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Within the first year after she returned permanently to the United States, Varian had exhibitions at the Whitney Club, Whitney Galleries, and the Downtown Galleries. Edith Halpert, director of the Downtown Galleries became Varian's art dealer. Varian used the money from her work to buy a home in Woodstock which became her primary painting studio. The majority of her circle was formed during her time at the Art Students League and during her years in Paris. Varian also met many artists who were living and working alongside her in Woodstock. Throughout her life, she stayed in contact with many of these friends including Peggy Bacon, Alex Brook, Georgina Klitgaard, Frederick Dana Marsh, Lenore G. Marshall, and Waldo Pierce.

Varian worked primarily with watercolor and oil painting. Varian's work has been exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Corcoran Galleries, Carnegie International, Whitney Museum of American Art, Association of American Artists Gallery, Brooklyn Museum, and several universities across the country. Over the course of her career, Varian held fifteen solo exhibitions and received many awards including the Kuniyoshi Award in 1975. Varian died in 1985 at the age of 90.
Related Materials:
Also found in this repository is an interview of Dorothy Varian conducted 1980 Dec. 6-7, by Avis Berman, for the Archives of American Art.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art in installments by Dorothy Varian in 1972, 1978, and 1981. An additonal installment was donated in 1986 by the Dorothy Varian estate, via Robert Plate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
Dorothy Varian papers, circa 1902-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.varidoro
See more items in:
Dorothy Varian papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-varidoro

Sabina Teichman papers

Creator:
Teichman, Sabina  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 1 reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1964-1982
Scope and Contents:
Letters; sketches; exhibition catalogs and announcements; photographs; and clippings.
REEL 3960: Fourteen letters, undated and 1964-1965, to Teichman, including 3 photocopies of letters from Padre Grech of the Vatican; 6 clippings; an exhibition catalog, 1965; and a photograph, of Teichman's painting, "The Prophet".
UNMICROFILMED: Letters received; sketches; exhibition announcememts and catalogs; photographs of paintings; and clippings.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, sculptor; New York, N.Y. Born 1905. Died 1983.
Provenance:
Unmicrofilmed material donated 1973 & 1982 by Sabina Teichman; material on reel 3960 donated 1984 by George Arents Research Library, Syracuse University.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women painters  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.teicsabi
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-teicsabi

Oral history interview with Dorothea Tanning

Interviewee:
Tanning, Dorothea, 1910-2012  Search this
Interviewer:
Shikler, Barbara  Search this
Extent:
191 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1990 July 11-November 5
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Dorothea Tanning conducted 1990 July 11-November 5, by Barbara Shikler, for the Archives of American Art. Tanning discusses life in Illinois, New York, Arizona, and France. She recalls artists Max Ernst, Andre Breton, Julien Levy, George Balanchine, Yves Tanguy, and Kay Sage.
Biographical / Historical:
Dorothea Tanning (1910-2012) was a painter from New York, N.Y.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 8 digital wav files. Duration is 5 hr., 16 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for this interview was provided by The John Sloan Memorial Foundation, Inc.
Restrictions:
Use requires an appointment.
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.tannin90
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tannin90

Lucille Sylvester papers

Creator:
Sylvester, Lucille, b. 1909  Search this
Extent:
280 Items ((on 4 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1937-1970
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; art works; sketches; exhibition catalogs; writings; and printed material.
REEL N70-62: Correspondence; writings; photograph of works of art; sketches; drawings; scrapbook; exhibition catalogs and announcements; an award certificate; and manuscript of "The Fair Lady in Art from Pygmalion to Picasso," with photographs.
REELS 854-855: Catalogs and announcements; 2 photographs of Sylvester; a clipping of an article, "Three Men: A Genius, an Actor, and a Rogue," by Sylvester; and her resume.
REEL 3472: Manuscript, "The Making of an Artist," Sylvester's autobiographical essay about her birth and childhood in Russia, emigration to the United States, her mother's death, and her first drawing lessons.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, writer; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Material on reels N70-62 lent for microfilming 1970 by Sylvester. Material on reels 854-855 donated 1970 by Sylvester; subsequently all but two personal photographs were transferred to NMAA-NPG Library in 1975. Material on reel 3472 donated 1978 by Sylvester.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.sylvluci
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sylvluci

Beulah E. Stevenson papers

Creator:
Stevenson, Beulah E. (Beulah Eisle), 1879-1965  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1928-1966
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; exhibition catalogs; and a scrapbook, including photographs.
REEL D176: Curriculum vitae, correspondence concerning charitable donations, acceptances into art societies, and acceptances of works into exhibitions, exhibition announcements and programs, and a scrapbook including newspaper clippings, and exhibition announcements and programs.
UNMICROFILMED: Curiculum vitae, newspaper clippings, photos of artwork, exhibition announcements and programs, letters concerning donantion of works for charitable causes, acceptances into art societies, and acceptances of works into exhibitions, including one from John Taylor Arms and one from Juliana Force. There is also a letter discussing the disposition of Miss Stevenson's estate.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; New York, N.Y.; b. 1875; d. 1965.
Provenance:
Donated 1970 by Dorothy Paris. According to friend Miriam Eaton, Stevenson discarded most of her papers shortly before her death.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, American -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.stevbeul
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-stevbeul

Hedda Sterne papers

Creator:
Sterne, Hedda, 1910-  Search this
Names:
Mathieu, Georges, 1921 -- Photographs  Search this
Saint-Exupéry, Antoine de, 1900-1944  Search this
Steinberg, Saul  Search this
Werth, Léon, 1878-1955  Search this
Extent:
1.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Transcripts
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Interviews
Date:
1939-1977
Summary:
The papers of painter Hedda Sterne measure 1.3 linear feet and date from 1939 to 1977. Found within the papers are biographical material; personal and professional correspondence, including extensive correspondence from Sterne's second husband Saul Steinberg, the artist known for his New Yorker drawings; writings; exhibition files; printed material; drawings and 3 sketchbooks; photographs and slides of Sterne, her family, and her work; and originals of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's work Lettre A Leon Werth and 4 drawings Saint-Exupéry sent to Sterne.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter Hedda Sterne measure 1.3 linear feet and date from 1939 to 1977. Found within the papers are biographical material; personal and professional correspondence, including extensive correspondence from Sterne's second husband Saul Steinberg, the artist known for his New Yorker drawings; writings; exhibition files; printed material; drawings and 3 sketchbooks; photographs and slides of Sterne, her family, and her work; and originals of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's work Lettre A Leon Werth and 4 drawings Saint-Exupéry sent to Sterne.

Biographical material includes certificates, curriculum vitae, a Fulbright application, lists of artworks, and Saul Steinberg's fingerprints. Correspondence is primarily with Sterne's friends, and business associates. There is significant correspondence from the artist Georges Mathieu and from her second husband Saul Steinberg.

Writings consist of numerous miscellaneous handwritten and typescript notes on art. Exhibition files include an article, interview transcript, and press release for Sterne's 1970 exhibition Everyone at the Betty Parsons Gallery. Printed material includes cards, clippings, exhibition announcements, and an exhibition catalog.

Artwork consists of drawings and 3 sketchbooks. Photographs are of Sterne, her family and friends, and her artwork. Materials related to Antoine de Saint-Exupéry include copies of his Lettre A Leon Werth and 4 drawings Saint-Exupéry sent to Sterne.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical materials, 1941-1970 (8 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1943-1965 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1945-1965 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 4: Exhibitions, 1970 (3 folders; Box 1)

Series 5: Printed material, 1946-1977 (3 folders; Box 1)

Series 6: Artwork, circa 1945-1965 (4 folders; Box 1)

Series 7: Photographic Materials, 1939-1969 (0.3 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 8: Antoine de Saint Exupéry, circa 1942 (4 folders; Box 1)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter Hedda Sterne (1910-2011) lived in New York City and was known for working in many artistic styles, including surrealism and abstract expressionism. She was the only woman in the group of abstract expressionists known as "The Irascibles."

Sterne was born in Bucharest, Romania to Simon Lindenberg, a high school language teacher, and his wife Eugenie. Her early interest in art was encouraged by her family and, after graduating from high school at the age of seventeen, she traveled to Vienna to study art. In 1932, she married childhood friend and businessman Frederick Stern. Through the 1930s, she continued to develop as an artist, traveling between Bucharest and Paris, where she attended Fernand Léger's atelier for a time. In 1938, her work with torn paper collages at that year's Paris Salon caught the eye of Hans Arp, who convinced her to exhibit at Peggy Guggenheim's London gallery. The chaos and persecution of Jews during World War II precipitated Sterne's arrival in America, where she joined her husband in New York City.

In New York, Peggy Guggenheim welcomed Sterne into her circle of artist friends and invited her to exhibit in Guggenheim's gallery in New York City, Art of This Century. In 1944, Sterne married Saul Steinberg, the artist known for his New Yorker drawings, and became a U.S. citizen. Through the 1940s, Sterne created works in realist and surrealist styles, but by the late 1940s, she began exploring abstract expressionism. In 1943, Sterne exhibited at the Wakefield Gallery, where she met the gallery manager Betty Parsons and where she received her first one woman show in 1945. After Betty Parsons opened her own gallery in 1946, Sterne joined Parsons' stable and continued to meet and befriend other prominent abstract artists. In 1950, she signed an open letter along with 14 other artists protesting the Metropolitan Museum's conservatism towards abstract art. This led to a feature article in Life magazine where she was the only woman to be photographed alongside "The Irascibles." This group included Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Barnett Newman, Mark Rothko, and Ad Reinhardt, among others. Through the 1950s, Sterne continued to explore new avenues of art by painting cityscapes, abstract mechanical structures, portraits, and faces, and by using mediums ranging from oil, spray paint, pen and ink, pencil, and diary/text reproductions on stretched canvas.

In 1960, Sterne and Steinberg separated but remained friends until his death in 1999. The recipient of numerous awards and one woman shows, retrospectives of her work were exhibited at the Montclair Art Museum (1977), Queens Museum of Art (1985), and the Krannert Art Museum (2006). Sterne died in her home in Manhattan in 2011 at the age of 100.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives is an oral history interview with Hedda Sterne conducted by Phyllis Tuchman, December 17, 1981, for the Archives of American Art's Mark Rothko and His Times oral history project. Additional correspondence and photographs of Sterne are located in the Saul Steinberg papers at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University.
Provenance:
Hedda Sterne donated her papers in 1970, 1971, and 1972.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archvies' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Transcripts
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Interviews
Citation:
Hedda Sterne papers, 1939-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.sterhedd
See more items in:
Hedda Sterne papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sterhedd
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Joel Shapiro and Ellen Phelan

Interviewee:
Shapiro, Joel  Search this
Phelan, Ellen, 1943-  Search this
Interviewer:
Richards, Judith Olch  Search this
Extent:
55 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2009 March 3
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Joel Shapiro and Ellen Phelan conducted 2009 March 3, by Judith Olch Richards, for the Archives of American Art, at Shapiro's and Phelan's home, in New York, N.Y.
Biographical / Historical:
Joel Shapiro (1941- ) is a sculptor and Ellen Phelan (1943- ), Shapiro's wife, is a painter; they live and work in New York, N.Y. Judith Olch Richards (1947- ) is former executive director of iCI in New York, N.Y.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 9 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
For information on how to access this interview contact Reference Services.
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.shapir09
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-shapir09

Oral history interview with Katherine Schmidt

Interviewee:
Schmidt, Katherine, 1898-1978  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Names:
Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987  Search this
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Burroughs, Bryson, 1869-1934  Search this
Goodrich, Lloyd, 1897-1987  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Lachaise, Gaston, 1882-1935  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes, 1876-1952  Search this
Pascin, Jules, 1885-1930  Search this
Sloan, John, 1871-1951  Search this
Extent:
60 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1969 December 8-15
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Katherine Schmidt conducted 1969 December 8 and December 15, by Paul Cummings, for the Archives of American Art, at the artist's home, in New York, N.Y.
Biographical / Historical:
Katherine Schmidt (1898-1978) was a still life painter from New York, N.Y.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr., 13 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Still-life painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.schmid69
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-schmid69

Oral history interview with Andree Ruellan

Interviewee:
Ruellan, Andrée, 1905-2006  Search this
Interviewer:
Kachur, Lewis  Search this
Extent:
285 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1990 January 27-1991 July 22
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Andree Ruellan conducted 1990 Jan. 27-1991 July 22, by Lewis Kachur, for the Archives of American Art.
Ruellan discusses her studies in Europe; her life at Woodstock (artist colony, Woodstock, N.Y.); the 1930's; and the development of her work. She recalls Maurice Stern, William Hunt Diederich, Alexander Calder, Jules Pascin, Stuart Davis, John Taylor, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Carl Zigrosser, Elsie Driggs and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Andrée Ruellan (1905-2006) was a painter from New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 7 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 12 digital wav files. Duration is 8 hr., 2 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for this interview was provided by the John Sloan Memorial Foundation.
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Women painters -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.ruella90
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ruella90

Katharine Rhoades photographs and letter

Creator:
Rhoades, Katharine N., 1885-1965  Search this
Names:
Peter A. Juley & Son  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet ((34 items))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
[undated] and 1940
Scope and Contents:
33 Black & white photos of paintings by Rhoades, mainly taken by Peter A. July & Son, N.Y.C. Also included is a letter from the Madeira School, Virginia, in response to Rhoades' offer to donate a painting to the school.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Donated 1989 by Katharine R. Reed, who received the papers from the estate of her mother, Elizabeth Reynolds, Rhoades' aunt.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.rhoakath
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rhoakath

Hilla Rebay papers

Creator:
Rebay, Hilla, 1890-1967  Search this
Names:
Art Dealers Association of America  Search this
Bauhaus  Search this
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, László, 1895-1946  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet ((on 2 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1921-1963
Scope and Contents:
Photographs, printed material, and court records.
REEL 74: Exhibition announcements, postcards, and catalogs from the Guggenheim Foundation Museum of Non-Objective Painting, including exhibitions for Bauhaus artist Laszlo Maholy-Nagy and Rebay; a 1921 issue of "Der Sturm," a modern art magazine from Berlin; and photographs of Rebay and the architectural model of the new Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum.
REEL 3481: A record (171 p.) of the hearing before the Tax Court of the United States, "Hilla Rebay, Petitioner, vs. Commissioner of the Internal Revenue, Respondent," January 1963. The case involved the Government dispute over the value of art work claimed as deductions for tax purposes.
Biographical / Historical:
Abstract painter, art collector, museum director; New York, N.Y. Born in France. Active in Germany, Switzerland and France from 1910-1920 in the abstract art movement. Rebay worked with Solomon Guggenheim to form a collection of Non-Objective paintings. This collection became the basis of the Guggenheim Museum; Rebay served as its first director.
Provenance:
Provenance of material on reel 74 is unknown. Material on reel 3481 donated by the Art Dealers Association of America, 1963, who participated in the legal case by designating expert witness for the government to testify as to the market value of paintings.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Abstract -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art as an investment -- Taxation -- Law and legislation -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.rebahill
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rebahill

Anne Eisner Putnam papers

Creator:
Putnam, Anne Eisner  Search this
Names:
Putnam, Patrick Tracy Lowell, 1903 or 4-1953  Search this
Extent:
40 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Africa, Central -- Description and Travel
Date:
1936-1968
Summary:
The scattered papers of painter Anne Eisner Putnam consist of 40 items and date from 1936 to 1968. Found is an application for Who's Who of American Women, and two letters concerning her book and artwork. Printed material includes clippings (1936-1965) about exhibitions of her artwork in New York, her experiences in Africa, press releases, and her obituary. Photographs are of Putnam's paintings; of Putnam at "Camp Putnam" in the Ituri Rainforest in the Belgian Congo (now Democratic Republic of the Congo) with members of one of the Congo Pygmy tribes; a snapshot of Putnam; and a portrait of Patrick Tracy Lowell Putnam.
Scope and Contents:
The scattered papers of painter Anne Eisner Putnam consist of 40 items and date from 1936 to 1968. Found is an application for Who's Who of American Women, and two letters concerning her book and artwork. Printed material includes clippings (1936-1965) about exhibitions of her artwork in New York, her experiences in Africa, press releases, and her obituary. Photographs are of Eisners' paintings; of Putnam at "Camp Putnam" in the Ituri Rainforest in the Belgian Congo (now Democratic Republic of the Congo) with members of one of the Congo Pygmy tribes; a snapshot of Putnam; and a portrait of Patrick Tracy Lowell Putnam.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection the papers are arranged as one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Anne Eisner Putnam (1911-1967) was an abstract painter, a landscape painter, a watercolorist, a printer, and a writer. Additionally, she and her husband were collectors of African art.

Putnam attended the Art Students League and was the secretary for the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors. She married anthropologist Patrick Tracy Lowell Putnam and together they moved to Africa. From 1945 to 1953, Putnam lived in a Pygmy village in the Belgian Congo (now Democratic Republic of the Congo) in the Ituri Rainforest, and devoted her painting and writing talents to portraying the life of the Congo Pygmies and African flora and fauna. Her collection of African art was exhibited in 1967 at the Museum of Natural History, New York.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming on reel N70-10 including correspondence, clippings, photographs and sketchbooks primarily relating to her life in the Belgian Congo among Pygmies with her husband, anthropologist Patrick Tracy Lowell Putnam. Loaned materials were returned to the donor and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
William J. Eisner, the father of Anne Eisner, donated her papers to the Archives of American Art in 1970.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. PLease refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Congo (Democratic Republic)  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women painters  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.putnanne
See more items in:
Anne Eisner Putnam papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-putnanne

Oral history interview with Howardena Pindell

Interviewee:
Pindell, Howardena, 1943-  Search this
Interviewer:
Richards, Judith Olch  Search this
Extent:
5 Items (sound files (4 hr., 31 min.), digital, wav)
101 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Date:
2012 Dec. 1-4
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Howardena Pindell conducted 2012 Dec. 1-4, by Judith Olch Richards, for the Archives of American Art, at Pindell's home and studio, in New York, N.Y.
Biographical / Historical:
Howardena Pindell (1943- ) is an abstract artist in New York, N.Y. Judith Olch Richards (1947- ) is former director of iCI in New York, N.Y.
General:
Originally recorded as 5 sound digital wav files. Duration is 4 hrs., 31 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art, Abstract  Search this
African American artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.pindel12
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pindel12

Irene Rice Pereira papers

Creator:
Pereira, I. Rice (Irene Rice), 1902-1971  Search this
Names:
Design Laboratory (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
United States. Work Projects Administration  Search this
Davis, Charles H. (Charles Harold), 1856-1933  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet ((on 11 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1930-1972
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; writings and notes; scrapbooks; business material; biographical data; photographs; inventories; exhibition catalogs; and printed material.
REELS D222-D223: Manuscripts; notebooks entitled "Concepts of Substance" containing notes, essays, quotations, a diary, and reviews; scrapbooks; and publications.
REELS 1296-1302 & 1322(photos): Personal and business correspondence; notes and manuscripts of her many philosophical writings on light, space, and the infinite; poems by Pereira and by others; sales and loan receipts for her paintings; inventories of her paintings; paint formulas and technical data; biographical data; notes for the Design Laboratory of the WPA-Fine Arts Project; statements by her about her art and about the alleged suppression of her art by the Museum of Modern Art; exhibition catalogs; clippings; and photographs of her works and personal photos.
REEL 2395: Course outlines, an activity report, and printed material pertaining to the Design Laboratory school of industrial design in New York City. Also included are outlines, writings, and printed material pertaining to Pereira's lectures at Columbia University, the Brooklyn Museum, Smith College, the Artists League, the University of Michigan, and for the United American Artists.
REEL 3470: A letter to Juliet Gordon, New York City, October 15, 1969, protesting the denigration of women by -"a whole battalion of these American super artists," and condemning the Museum of Modern Art for devoutedly supporting their art. She writes, "Only when a society is expiring do such aberrations and betrayal of the female become the cultural mode."
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, writer, educator; New York, N.Y. Died 1971.
Provenance:
Material on reels D222-D223 lent for microfilming 1965 and material on reel 2395 donated 1965 by Irene Rice Pereira; material on reels 1296-1302, 1322 lent for microfilming, 1977 and reel 3470 donated 1978 by Djelloul Marbrook, nephew of Pereira.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art teachers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.pereiric
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pereiric

Lenita Manry papers

Creator:
Manry, Lenita, 1902-1969  Search this
Names:
Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts (Provincetown, Mass.)  Search this
Lenita Manry Fund  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet ((on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1931-1968
Scope and Contents:
Notes and sketches, 1931-1946, taken from Hans Hofmann lectures in Berkeley, New York and Provincetown, by Miss Manry. Also included are typed copies of 4 Hofmann articles, one apparently unpublished, brochures concerning the School of Fine Arts, and clippings. Also included are family correspondence, 1967-1968; several letters from Hofmann, 1938 and later, genealogical material, an address book and loose address sheets, and 8 photographs of Manry.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; New York, N.Y. Student of Hans Hofmann and later Assistant Director of the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts.
Provenance:
Donated 1971 by Philip Davis, lawyer for the estate of Lenita Manry.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.manrleni
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-manrleni

Emma Fordyce MacRae papers

Creator:
MacRae, Emma Fordyce, 1887-1974  Search this
Extent:
159 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1923-1950
Scope and Contents:
Printed biographical sketch; 18 photographs of MacRae's paintings, 130 clippings about MacRae's exhibitions during 1923-1937, and 10 exhibition catalogs and art magazines.
Biographical / Historical:
Still life and portrait painter; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
All but the photographs were given to NMAA-NPG Library after microfilming.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women painters  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.macremma
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-macremma

Lilian MacKendrick papers

Creator:
MacKendrick, Lilian  Search this
Extent:
8 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 3 reels))
1 Linear foot (Addition)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1930-1983
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; biographical data; diaries; engagement books; desk calendars and notebooks with addresses; financial records; a scrapbook; account books; photographs; and record books.
REELS N69-53 & N69-95: Account books, 1945-1969, articles, scrapbooks, 1945-1969, and photographs of works, 1956-1967.
REEL 96: Record books, 1946-1968, recording sales, and gifts of MacKendrick's works, as well as medium, purchaser, and year of production.
UNMICROFILMED: Biographical data; correspondence; diaries; engagement books, desk calendars and notebooks with addresses; financial records; a scrapbook, 1945-1957, containing exhibition catalogs and announcements, clippings, letters and photographs; photographs; and miscellany.
ADDITION: A scrapbook of photographs and clippings (1955); letters (ca. 1940s-1984) and exhibition catalogs.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; New York, N.Y. Born 1906.
Provenance:
Material on reels N69-53, N69-95 & 96 lent for microfilming 1969-1971 by Lilian MacKendrick. She donated unmicrofilmed material, 1974-1984.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.macklili
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-macklili

Louisa Robins papers

Creator:
Robins, Louisa Winslow, 1898-1962  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
[ca. 1930-1960]
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; photographs of Robins' work; clippings, exhibition catalogs and announcements; and sketches of her Christmas card designs.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; Buffalo and Long Island, New York.
Provenance:
Material donated by Mrs. Julien McKee and Mrs. Evan Thomas, Robins' daughters, 1978.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State)  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.robiloui
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-robiloui

Carolyn Gassan Plochmann papers

Creator:
Plochmann, Carolyn Gassan  Search this
Names:
Forum Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Kennedy Galleries  Search this
Extent:
4.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Date:
1926-2013
Scope and Contents:
The papers of figure and still life painter Carolyn Gassan Plochmann measure 4.8 linear feet and date from 1926-2013. Included are works of art, correspondence, writings, gallery files, exhibition and art fair files, project and organization files, biographical information, photographs and slides, and printed material.
Works of art consist of sketches and drawings. Correspondence is with friends, family and associates, including Lawrence Fleischman, Bella Fishko, Roy Rogosin, John W. Streetman III, Alfeo Faggi, Mr. and Mrs. David Rockefeller, Ben Shahn, and Plochmann's husband George Kimball Plochmann, among others. Writings are by Plochmann and others including a portfolio about Plochmann's work, University Portrait, with an introduction by Blake-More Godwin and a foreword by R. Buckminster Fuller [1959]. Gallery files concern the Kennedy Galleries and the Forum Gallery in New York and Art on the Square in Carbondale, Ill., and contain correspondence, financial information and consignment forms. Exhibition and art fair files include correspondence, loan forms, entry forms and programs. Project and organization files relate to building of the University School art building at the Southern Illinois University, and the Woodstock Artist's Association. Personal business records includes receipts. and a VHS videotape A Charmed Vision: The Art of Carolyn Plochmann with John Streetman and Otto Wittman [1990]. Photographs and slides are of Plochmann, her family, and works of art. Printed material includes exhibition catalogues and announcements, newspaper clippings, and miscellany.
Biographical / Historical:
Carolyn Gassan Plochman (1926- ) is a painter in Carbondale, Illinois.
Provenance:
Donated 2006 and 2019 by Carolyn Gassan Plochmann.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of audio visual recordings with no duplicate copy requires advance notice.
Topic:
Women painters -- Illinois  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York
Art galleries, Commercial -- Illinois
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Identifier:
AAA.ploccaro
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ploccaro

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