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Oral history interview with Elsa Flores, 1997 Feb. 18-Apr. 30

Interviewee:
Flores, Elsa, 1955-  Search this
Flores, Elsa, 1955-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Subject:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Women painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13559
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216421
AAA_collcode_flores97
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216421
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Elsa Flores

Interviewee:
Flores, Elsa  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Names:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Extent:
11 Sound cassettes (Sound recording (60 mins. each), analog)
209 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1997 Feb. 18-Apr. 30
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Elsa Flores conducted 1997 Feb. 18-Apr. 30, by Jeffrey Rangel, for the Archives of American Art.
The interviews took place in Flores' studio, in South Pasadena, Calif., over four sessions. Flores discusses her parents' diverse backgrounds and her difficult childhood and adolescence; the development of her political consciousness; her involvement with Chicanismo; her interests in art, photography, and music, including being a member of California State University, Los Angeles mariachi band; her art, which she considers more biographical and mystical than ethnic; her use, initially, of a dark palette to distinguish her work from that of her husband, Carlos Almaraz, and changing to a brighter, more optimistic palette after Almaraz's was diagnosed with AIDS. She recalls Almaraz's energy and genius; his struggles with AIDS and his search for alternative healing methods; finding solace in Kauai; and his request to have his ashes strewn around Kauai at his favorite places. Flores comments on the difficult period after Almaraz's death; her devotion to their daughter; keeping Almaraz's work at the forefront of public awareness; and her own art career.
Biographical / Historical:
Elsa Flores was born in Las Vegas, Nevada. Her mother was born in Sinaloa, Mexico, and her father was of Arab descent, born in Chile after his paretns fled the Middle East. Elsa studied at the Art Center College, California State University, and the Idyllwild School of Music and the Arts. Almaraz and Flores married in 1981 and their daughter Maya was born in 1983. They collaborated on California Dreamscape, a mural commissioned by the California Arts Council and is located in the Reagan State Building in Los Angeles.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics, and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Women painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.flores97
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-flores97

Oral history interview with D. J. Hall, 2000 June 29

Interviewee:
Hall, D. J. (Debra Jane), 1951-  Search this
Hall, D. J. (Debra Jane), 1951-  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Women painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Figurative art  Search this
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11726
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)223165
AAA_collcode_hall00
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_223165
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Carmen Lomas Garza, 1997 Apr. 10-May 27

Interviewee:
Garza, Carmen Lomas, 1948-  Search this
Garza, Carmen Lomas, 1948-  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J  Search this
Subject:
Galería de la Raza (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Women painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Chicano artists  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Chicano movement  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13540
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216257
AAA_collcode_garza97
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216257
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Judith Baca, 1986 August 5-6

Interviewee:
Baca, Judith Francisca, 1946-  Search this
Baca, Judith Francisca, 1946-  Search this
Interviewer:
Mesa-Bains, Amalia, 1943-  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Women painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Arts administrators -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Muralists -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5436
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211937
AAA_collcode_baca86
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_211937
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Lita Albuquerque, 1990 July 9-19

Interviewee:
Albuquerque, Lita, 1946-  Search this
Albuquerque, Lita, 1946-  Search this
Interviewer:
Clearwater, Bonnie, 1957-  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Women painters -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11932
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215596
AAA_collcode_albuqu90
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215596

Oral history interview with Judy Chicago, 1995-1997

Creator:
Springer, Julie  Search this
Chicago, Judy, 1939-  Search this
Springer, Julie  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Topic:
Women painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Women sculptors -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Women in art  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15738
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)286369
AAA_collcode_sprijuli
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_286369

Oral history interview with Carmen Lomas Garza

Interviewee:
Garza, Carmen Lomas  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Galería de la Raza (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Extent:
5 Sound cassettes (Sound recording (4 hrs.), analog)
122 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1997 Apr. 10-May 27
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Carmen Lomas Garza conducted 1997 Apr. 10-May 27, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art.
Lomas Garza discusses her working environment at Hunter Point Shipyard, a former naval facility on San Francisco Bay, near Candlestick Park, occupied by artists and small businesses; growing up in Kingsville, Tex., near Corpus Christi; her education at Texas A and I University (now Texas A and M) and graduating from the University of Texas at Austin with a B.S. in art education (1969); her activism in the Chicano movement during her college years; joining the farm workers march in Kingsville in 1965; installing an art show for MAYO (Mexican Workers Youth Organization) conference in 1969; the impact upon her of MAYO's walkout at Robstown High School, Tex., while she was a student teacher there, in protest of the lack of Mexican American teachers and curriculum; joining Galeria de La Raza in San Francisco, 1976, while a graduate student at Washington State University and the effect it had on the development of her career as an artist; the inspiration of her mother, who painted "lotteria tablas" (figures on boards; game cards); her interest in children's art; using family experiences for her "monitos" or "little figures" (cards painted with sets of fifteen numbers); and preserving her Mexican-American traditions as a basis for her identity.
Biographical / Historical:
Carmen Lomas Garza (1948-) is a painter from California.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for the interview received from a donation to AAA from the Los Angeles women's art organization Double X.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Women painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Chicano artists  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Chicano movement  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.garza97
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-garza97

Oral history interview with Judith Baca

Interviewee:
Baca, Judith Francisca  Search this
Interviewer:
Mesa-Bains, Amalia  Search this
Extent:
59 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1986 August 5-6
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Judith Baca conducted 1986 August 5-6, by Amalia Mesa-Bains, for the Archives of American Art.
Baca speaks of her family history, childhood, and education in Los Angeles, her involvement with the Los Angeles muralism movement in the early 1970s, her teaching experience at East Los Angeles recreation center, her directorship of the Eastside murals and of the City-Wide Mural Project, the work of other muralists, feminist views on art which have influenced her work, the origin of the Social and Public Arts Resource Center in Venice, California, her directorship and the mission of the S.P.A.R.C. in 1986, and her own current mural projects.
Biographical / Historical:
Judith Baca (1946-) is an art administrator and mural painter from Venice, California.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 7 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 40 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
This transcript is open for research. Access to the entire audio recording is restricted. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Women painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Arts administrators -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Muralists -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.baca86
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-baca86

Oral history interview with D. J. Hall

Interviewee:
Hall, D. J. (Debra Jane), 1951-  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Extent:
2 Sound cassettes (Sound recording (105 min.), analog)
42 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2000 June 29
Scope and Contents:
An interview of D. J. Hall conducted 2000 June 29, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art, in Hall's home/studio, Venice, Calif.
The focus of the interview is the topic of artists and models. Hall discusses her work as based on photographs; her interests in the body, sunshine, and light; her color-field dominated period as a student at the University of Southern California and how she had to "sneak" the figure into her work; her difficult childhood and dysfunctional family situation and her art as a response; her imagery as the "bright side" of Eric Fischl; woman as subject, and object, in her paintings, and the reasons for her exclusive focus on females; the nude and figure drawing; the differences between male and female models and the fact that both men and women are drawn to the female figure; reversal of the "male gaze;" her preference for women over men as subjects whether clothed or nude; power and control in the artist/model relationship; and choosing subjects with which she can personally identify.
Biographical / Historical:
D.J. Hall (1951- ) is a painter from Los Angeles, Calif. Hall is a figurative artist who depicts the world of contemporary women in her realist paintings.
General:
Sound quality of Tape 2 is poor due to mechanical problems with the tape recorder. 15 minutes of tape is static.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Funding for this interview provided by Bente and Gerald E. Buck Collection.
Restrictions:
This transcript is open for research. Access to the entire recording is restricted. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Artists' models  Search this
Topic:
Women painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Figurative art  Search this
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.hall00
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hall00

Ethel Fisher papers

Creator:
Fisher, Ethel, 1923-  Search this
Names:
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Brentwood Art Center  Search this
Barnet, Will, 1911-2012  Search this
Boxer, Stanley  Search this
Coleborn, Keith  Search this
Ehrenkranz, Elaine  Search this
Fernandez, Rafael  Search this
Fine, Irving, 1914-1962  Search this
Getz, Ilse, 1917-  Search this
Jones, Keri  Search this
Kitaj, Sandra Fisher  Search this
Kott, Seymour  Search this
Lassaw, Ibram, 1913-2003  Search this
Pearson, Henry, 1914-2006  Search this
Thek, Paul  Search this
Extent:
12.5 Linear feet
0.558 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Photographs
Travel diaries
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Sketches
Interviews
Drawings
Watercolors
Date:
1930-2017
Summary:
The papers of California and New York painter Ethel Fisher measure 12.5 linear feet and 0.558 GB and date from 1930 to 2017. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, writings, project files, exhibition files, artists' files, personal business records, printed and digital material, artwork and several sketchbooks, a few sound and video recordings, and photographic material.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of California and New York painter Ethel Fisher measure 12.5 linear feet and 0.558 GB and date from 1930 to 2017. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, writings, project files, exhibition files, artists' files, personal business records, printed and digital material, artwork and several sketchbooks, a few sound and video recordings, and photographic material.

Biographical material includes Art Students League records, address books and business cards, artist statements and resumes, an interview transcript and sound cassette, and other miscellaneous documents.

Correspondence is with family, friends, colleagues, artists, galleries, and museums. The bulk of the correspondence is with daughter Sandra Fisher and husband Seymour Kott. Notable correspondents include Will Barnet, Keith Coleborn, Elaine Ehrenkranz, Rafael Fernandez, Henry Pearson, and others. There are also greeting cards and postcards, inluding numerous illustrated cards from Fisher to her husband Seymour.

Writings mostly consist of annotated appointment calendars and travel diaries along with some writings by others, such as a travel diary by Keith Coleborn and a graduate thesis by Keri Jones.

Project files include correspondence, grant applications, printed and digital material, and publication agreements for art projects, commissions, studio tours, auctions, and speaking engagements. Notable projects include material on the NBC-TV film Family Ties, art loans for the Showtime movie Town of the Eighties, and teaching material from Brentwood Art Center.

Exhibition files contain exhibition announcements, catalogs, publicity, reviews, correspondence, exhibition lists, price lists of artwork, and other material for Ethel Fisher's group and solo shows.

Artists' files include printed material about and limited correspondence with various artists in which Fisher was interested or with whom she was friends, including Stanley Boxer, Irving Fine, Ilse Getz, Ibram Lassaw, and Paul Thek.

Personal business records include consignments, price lists, loan agreements, receipts, donations, and sales documentation.

Printed material includes exhibition catalogs, announcements, magazines, and clippings about Ethel Fisher and other artists. There are also books inscribed to Fisher.

The artwork series includes sketchbooks, drawings, watercolors, and loose sketches.

Photographic material consists of photographs, digital photographs, slides, and negatives of Ethel Fisher, her artwork, exhibitions, events, family, friends, artists, studios, and travel. There are also "reference photos" of people, places, and objects which Fisher used for her portraits and paintings.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 10 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1939-2014 (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 1, 13)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1930-2017 (5.4 linear feet; Boxes 1-6, 13, 15)

Series 3: Writings, 1965-2014 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 6-7, 13)

Series 4: Project Files, 1954-2011 (0.5 linear feet; Boxes 7, 12, 0.128 GB; ER01)

Series 5: Exhibition Files, 1945-2006 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 7-8)

Series 6: Artists' Files, 1952-2010 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 8, 12)

Series 7: Personal Business Records, 1959-2017 (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 8, 13)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1940-2016 (1.0 linear feet; Boxes 8-9, 12-13)

Series 9: Artwork and Sketchbooks, 1944-2014 (1.0 linear feet; Boxes 9, 12-15, OV16)

Series 10: Photographic Materials, 1942-2014 (2.2 linear feet;Boxes 9-11, 14, 0.430 GB; ER02)
Biographical / Historical:
Ethel Fisher (1923-2017) was a painter who lived in Pacific Palisades, California.

Ethel Fisher was born in Galveston, Texas in 1923. She studied art at the University of Houston, University of Texas, and Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. After college, she moved to New York City and attended The Art Students League on scholarship from 1943-1946. In New York, she studied with painter Will Barnet, Morris Kantor, and Robert Beverly Hale, and befriended many people in the art world. She married Gene Fisher and their first daughter Sandra was born. Sandra also became a painter and later married artist R. B. Kitaj.

Fisher and her family moved to Miami in 1948 where her daughter Margaret was born. Upon her divorce, Fisher travelled in Europe for about a year before returning to New York City in the early 1960s, where she continued to paint and maintained 2 studios for her artwork. She married art historian Seymour Kott in 1963.

In 1970, Fisher and her husband moved to Pacific Palisades in Los Angeles, California. Throughout her career as a painter, Ethel Fisher has had solo and group exhibitions at galleries in Havana, Cuba; West Palm Beach, Florida; Atlanta, Georgia; New York City, New York; and San Francisco and Los Angeles, California. She has been the recipient of numerous awards and continues to paint. In 2003, Fisher had solo exhibit of portraits at Platt Gallery in Los Angeles.
Provenance:
The Ethel Fisher papers were donated by Ethel Fisher in two installments in 1997 and 2015.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Photographs
Travel diaries
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Sketches
Interviews
Drawings
Watercolors
Citation:
Ethel Fisher papers, 1930-2017. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.fishethe
See more items in:
Ethel Fisher papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-fishethe

Oral history interview with Lita Albuquerque

Interviewee:
Albuquerque, Lita  Search this
Interviewer:
Clearwater, Bonnie, 1957-  Search this
Extent:
156 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1990 July 9-19
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Lita Albuquerque conducted 1990 July 9-19, by Bonnie Clearwater, for the Archives of American Art.
Albuquerque tells of her Sephardic, Turkish, and Spanish heritage; growing up in Carthage, Tunisia; arrival in the U.S. in 1957; art history studies at UCLA in the 1960s; early influence on her work of James Turrell, Eric Orr, Guy Dill, Larry Bell, and the Los Angeles Woman's Building; later influence of Zen meditation; travel in India; use of figures and abstract symbols in public commissions; second marriage to Carey Peck; teaching at the Art Center College of Design.
Biographical / Historical:
Lita Albuquerque (1946- ) is a painter from California.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 9 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hrs., 8 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
This transcript is open for research. Access to the entire recording is restricted. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Women painters -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.albuqu90
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-albuqu90

Oral history interview with Judy Chicago

Interviewee:
Springer, Julie  Search this
Creator:
Chicago, Judy, 1939-  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (sound cassettes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Date:
1995-1997
Scope and Contents:
Oral history interview on two cassettes with Judy Chicago conducted June 17, 1995 by Julie Springer. Chicago discusses her artwork, exhibitions, and women in the art world. Also included is a copy of The Bookwoman, the publication of the Women's National Book Association, vol. 60, No. 3 Spring/Summer 1997, in which excerpts of the interview are published.
Biographical / Historical:
Julie Springer is an art historian and a member of the Women's National Book Association. Judy Chicago (1939- ) is a feminist painter and sculptor in Los Angeles, Calif.
Provenance:
Donated 2009 by Julie Springer.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Women painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Women sculptors -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Women in art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.sprijuli
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sprijuli

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