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Thea Rasche

Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1929
Scope and Contents:
Thea Rasche was born on the 12th of August, 1899. She possessed an Annual Sporting license issued to her be the National Aeronautic Association of the U.S.A in 1929.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aviation  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
aeronautics, civil  Search this
Licenses  Search this
Collection Citation:
Pilots' Licenses Collection, NASM.XXXX.0650, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
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Pilots' Licenses Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2b278079f-6cbb-4ed6-bfda-03a375195edd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0650-ref55

Annual Sporting License

Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1929
Scope and Contents:
An Annual Sporting license issued to Rasche in 1929 by the National Aeronautic Association of the U.S.A. Although no precise date is given regarding the issuing of the license, it expired on the 31st of December, 1929. The license contains a photograph of Rasche.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aviation  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
aeronautics, civil  Search this
Licenses  Search this
Collection Citation:
Pilots' Licenses Collection, NASM.XXXX.0650, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Pilots' Licenses Collection
Pilots' Licenses Collection / Thea Rasche
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg203e8b1fd-84e7-427f-b212-53756428bf75
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0650-ref56

Bonnie Bender

Collection Creator:
Douglas, Deborah G.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
United States Women in Aviation 1940-1985 Research Materials, NASM.1995.0062, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
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United States Women in Aviation 1940-1985 Research Materials
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2c7c4f3d9-b69d-4b4f-8bf8-cb2fedc267f9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1995-0062-ref507
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Bibliography

Collection Creator:
Douglas, Deborah G.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
United States Women in Aviation 1940-1985 Research Materials, NASM.1995.0062, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
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United States Women in Aviation 1940-1985 Research Materials
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg29104e340-0047-45a9-a867-a03f28a07bd6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1995-0062-ref553
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Writings: "Let's Go to the Elmira Soaring Meet", US Air Service

Collection Creator:
Junkin, Hattie Meyers, 1896-1985  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1931-08
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
See more items in:
Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers
Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers / Series 3: General materials of Hattie Meyers Junkin
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2b364c559-f50f-444e-bd6a-42839bad15dc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0171-ref129
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Subject – U.S. WOMEN IN AVIATION THROUGH WORLD WAR I

Collection Creator:
Oakes, Claudia M.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 48
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Remarks – Claudia Oakes' draft.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
United States Women In Aviation Through World War I Collection, Acc. XXXX-0424, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
United States Women in Aviation through World War I
United States Women in Aviation through World War I / Series 2: Claudia Oakes' Notes
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg22045ea3b-4c30-4bc9-970c-7c23833d33ee
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0424-ref112
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Subject – OAKES' LETTERS AND REFERENCES

Collection Creator:
Oakes, Claudia M.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 53
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Remarks – Includes a written latter regarding the Amelia Earhart Collection.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
United States Women In Aviation Through World War I Collection, Acc. XXXX-0424, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
United States Women in Aviation through World War I
United States Women in Aviation through World War I / Series 2: Claudia Oakes' Notes
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg245fe9065-2641-42eb-ad67-7deab001cc63
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0424-ref117
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Subject – U.S. WOMEN IN AVIATION THROUGH WORLD WAR I

Collection Creator:
Oakes, Claudia M.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 50
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Remarks – Claudia Oakes' final draft (includes references).
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
United States Women In Aviation Through World War I Collection, Acc. XXXX-0424, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
United States Women in Aviation through World War I
United States Women in Aviation through World War I / Series 2: Claudia Oakes' Notes
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg283819036-affa-47bd-9e4e-14cd6b3ea3ec
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0424-ref114
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[Scrap Book - "Capt. Mary Charles"]

Collection Creator:
Charles, Mary  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1934-1966
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Mary Charles Collection, Accession XXXX-0011, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Mary Charles Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2fae53444-b490-42f7-b194-e2275e17213c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0011-ref25
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Elizabeth Martin Meek Collection

Creator:
Martin Meek, Elizabeth Ann Fox, 1928-2020  Search this
Extent:
0.02 Cubic feet (1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Programs
Newspaper clippings
Date:
1981-1988
Summary:
Elizabeth Ann Fox Martin Meek (1928--2020) was a prominent aerospace educator who, in 1975, filed a successful class action lawsuit against the University of South Alabama on behalf of women faculty and administrators alleging sexual discrimination in pay and benefits. This collection consists of the following items relating to the career of Dr. Elizabeth Martin Meek: the event program for the Crown Circle awards ceremony presented by the 1981 National Congress on Aerospace Education during which Dr. Martin was inducted into the group; a photocopied news clipping from the January 6, 1981 issue of The Mobile Register regarding the sex discrimination lawsuit filed by Dr. Martin on behalf of female faculty and administrators at the University of South Alabama; and the August 9, 1988 issue of The Vanguard, the student newspaper of the University of South Alabama, regarding the final settlement of the lawsuit.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following items relating to the career of Dr. Elizabeth Martin Meek: the event program for the Crown Circle awards ceremony presented by the 1981 National Congress on Aerospace Education during which Dr. Martin was inducted into the group; a photocopied news clipping from the January 6, 1981 issue of The Mobile Register regarding the sex discrimination lawsuit filed by Dr. Martin on behalf of female faculty and administrators at the University of South Alabama; and the August 9, 1988 issue of The Vanguard, the student newspaper of the University of South Alabama, regarding the final settlement of the lawsuit.
Arrangement:
Collection is in chronological order.
Biographical / Historical:
Elizabeth Ann Fox Martin Meek (1928--2020) received her Associate of Science degree from Walker Junior College and went on to study at the University of Alabama where she received her Bachelor of Science, Master of Arts, and Doctor of Education in Secondary Education degrees. Martin joined the faculty of the University of South Alabama in 1966 where she started an aerospace education workshop, a program she directed and continued to expand throughout her time there. Martin was appointed as the Alabama State Director for the National Aerospace Education Association (NAEA) in 1974, and was later appointed to the NAEA's Board of Directors and the Executive Committee. Martin was active in education policy in Alabama, including service as chairperson for the Alabama Course of Study Committee that was appointed to rewrite the state's science curriculum, and also worked to ensure that aerospace education was included in the course of study in public schools. Martin served on the Education Commission of the Air Force Association and as chairperson for the steering committee that organized the US Aerospace Education Institute. Martin was a member of the Civil Air Patrol, and served as Aerospace Education Officer for the Mobile Composite Squadron. In 1981, Martin was inducted into the Crown Circle of the National Congress on Aerospace Education, and she was named Woman of the Year by the Alabama Women's Political Caucus in 1985. In 1975, Martin filed a successful class action lawsuit against the University of South Alabama on behalf of women faculty and administrators alleging sexual discrimination in pay and benefits. When finally settled in 1988, the suit resulted in what was reported at the time to be the largest settlement from this type of suit against an institution of higher learning, as well as resulting in the court-ordered formation of a new Affirmative Action Committee at the University of South Alabama and an Affirmative Action plan that was court-monitored for five years, and the stipulation that all search committees at the university be made up of at least 25 percent women members. During her marriage to her second husband, Martin was known as Elizabeth Martin Meek.
Provenance:
Robert Rand, Gift, 2022, NASM.2022.0026.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Programs
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Elizabeth Martin Meek Collection, NASM.2022.0026, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2022.0026
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg201f37448-d14e-485b-b812-5df159f8f728
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2022-0026
Online Media:

Lucielle Belmont, Balloonist and Parachutist Scrapbook

Creator:
Belmont Baldwin Rutshaw, Lucielle, 1887-1961  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 flat box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1914-1926
Summary:
Lucielle Belmont Baldwin Rutshaw (1887--1961) was a balloonist and parachutist who performed solo balloon ascensions and parachute drops as an entertainer at county fairs and exhibitions all over the United States and Canada in the years from 1912 to the early 1920s. This collection consists mainly of a scrapbook documenting her career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a scrapbook documenting the career of Lucielle Belmont Baldwin Rutshaw. The scrapbook has a red cardstock cover and measures approximately 6.5 by 8.5 inches. The scrapbook contains newspaper clippings, photographs and correspondence with county fair officials regarding her performances, as well as ephemera such as county fair passes and tickets. The collection also contains a loose photograph of Lucielle Belmont Baldwin with her husband, C. C. Baldwin, and a studio portrait of her alone.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged by type of material.
Biographical / Historical:
Lucielle Belmont Baldwin Rutshaw (1887--1961) was a balloonist and parachutist who performed solo balloon ascensions and parachute drops as an entertainer at county fairs and exhibitions all over the United States and Canada in the years from 1912 to the early 1920s. Belmont was sometimes billed as part of the "Famous Belmont Sisters" with sisters Mabel and Cleo, and was managed for at least part of her career by Robinson Attractions in Chicago, Illinois. Belmont was known for triple and sometimes quadruple jumps where she cut loose from one parachute then opened another one multiple times. After her marriage to C. C. Baldwin, Belmont sometimes appeared as Lucielle Belmont Baldwin and under this name she was granted License for Flying Civilian Aircraft no. 375 (to operate a hot air balloon) on April 9, 1918 by the Joint Army and Navy Board on Aeronautic Cognizance. Since she made her first solo balloon ascent, including a parachute jump, on August 14, 1912, Lucielle qualified for membership in the Early Birds of Aviation and she joined that organization with her married name from her second marriage, Lucielle Rutshaw.
Provenance:
Lucielle Belmont Baldwin Rutshaw, Gift, 1961, NASM.XXXX.0249.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Balloonists  Search this
Parachuting  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Lucielle Belmont, Balloonist and Parachutist Scrapbook, NASM.XXXX.0249, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0249
See more items in:
Lucielle Belmont, Balloonist and Parachutist Scrapbook
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2ac091f8d-f68f-4164-b3c6-ee1399744062
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0249
Online Media:

Lady astronauts, lady engineers, and naked ladies women and the American space community during the Cold War, 1960s-1980s Karin Hilck

Author:
Hilck, Karin  Search this
Subject:
United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration Officials and employees History  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 465 pages illustrations 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2019
20th century
Topic:
Women in aeronautics--History  Search this
Women astronauts--History  Search this
Women engineers--History  Search this
Astronautics--Social aspects--History  Search this
Cold War--Social aspects  Search this
Astronautics--Social aspects  Search this
Employees  Search this
Social aspects  Search this
Women astronauts  Search this
Women engineers  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1114940

In their own words forgotten women pilots of early aviation Fred Erisman

Author:
Erisman, Fred  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (xii, 220 pages) illustrations
Type:
Biography
Electronic books
Biographies
History
Date:
2021
Topic:
Women air pilots  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics--History  Search this
TRANSPORTATION / Aviation / History  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Call number:
TL539 .E757 2021 (Internet)
Restrictions & Rights:
1-user
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1153151

Blanche Stuart Scott Collection

Creator:
Scott, Blanche Stuart, 1889-1970  Search this
Names:
Air Force Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Scott, Blanche Stuart, 1889-1970  Search this
Extent:
0.75 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1911-1969
Summary:
This collection consists of memorabilia relating to Blanche Stuart Scott. The material includes her certificates, membership cards, and ribbons, as well as a collection of newspaper clippings dating from 1939-1969.
Contents note:
The Blanche Stuart Scott Collection (NASM.XXXX.0062) contains approximately one cubic foot of material relating to the pioneer aviatrix. It includes correspondence, memorabilia and a great many newspaper clippings which have been photocopied onto acid-free paper.
Arrangement:
Original order, when identified, has been maintained.
Biographical/Historical note:
Blanche Stuart "Betty" Scott was born April 8, 1889, in Rochester, New York, where her father had a patent medicine business. Impetuous by nature, she soon attracted the attention and ire of the local authorities. The Rochester City Council objected to a thirteen year old driving an automobile about their city. However, there was not yet a minimum age for driving; Blanche was able to continue with her motoring trips.

A few years later, she would again make headlines behind the wheel of a car. In 1910, after attending finishing school, Scott became one of the first women to drive an automobile cross-country, travelling from New York to San Francisco. The trip was sponsored by the Willys-Overland Company and the car dubbed "Lady Overland." At the time, there were only 218 miles of paved road outside of the cities of the United States. Scott's trip totaled over six thousand miles, zigzagging between Overland dealers. Scott was accompanied by newspaperwoman Gertrude Buffington Phillips, who did no driving but filed reports as they progressed westward. They left New York on May 16 and reached San Francisco on July 23, 1910.

The trip had given Scott a taste for adventure and publicity. After meeting the press agent for Curtiss, Scott went to Hammondsport, New York, in August or September of 1910. She was accepted as Glenn H. Curtiss's first and only female student. Her first flight was on a 35 hp Curtiss pusher fitted with a governor to prevent takeoff on a student's taxi down the field. However, during one of Scott's "grass-cutting" sessions, a gust of wind lifted her suddenly airborne. She achieved a true solo flight shortly thereafter.

There is conflicting evidence regarding the exact date of Blanche Stuart Scott's first solo flight. That date was recognized by the Early Birds to be September 6, 1910. The date is variously given in newspaper accounts as early as August 18, 1910 and as late as mid-October of that year. Unfortunately, a fire reportedly claimed some of Ms. Scott's personal memorabilia during her lifetime. Whether Blanche Stuart Scott or Bessica Raiche was indeed America's first female aviator may never be determined.

After instruction, she joined Glenn Curtiss's Exhibition Team and made her first public appearance in Fort Wayne, Indiana, on October 24, 1910. Thus began the career of the woman who indisputably holds the title of America's first female professional flier, then billed as "The Tomboy of the Air." During her exhibition career she earned up to five thousand dollars a week, appearing in meets with such luminaries as Lincoln Beachey and Harriet Quimby.

In 1911, Scott found herself in the odd position of inadvertently setting an aviation record. Scott took off from Mineola one afternoon and impulsively flew sixty miles before alighting back at the field. It was the first woman's long distance flight.

Not long after, Scott became the first female test pilot. After contracting to fly for Glenn L. Martin in 1912, she flew Martin prototypes before the final blueprints for the aircraft had been made. In 1913, Scott joined the Ward Exhibition Team. She retired from active flying in 1916.

By the 1930s Scott was working in media, both print and broadcast. She spent nine years in California, writing for RKO, Universal, Warner Brothers, and other studios. In a succession of radio shows, Scott appeared as "Roberta" on Hollywood and Rochester area stations, which she wrote and produced. She would also try her hand at stage appearances and short story writing.

On September 6, 1948, Scott was once again achieving distinction. On a flight with pilot Charles E. Yeager in a TF-80C, she became the first American woman to ride in a jet. For the pleasure of his passenger, Yeager included some snap rolls and a 14,000 foot dive.

With her skills and experience, Blanche Stuart Scott was uniquely suited for her next mission. Beginning in 1954, she began work for the United States Air Force Museum. Acting as a travelling public relations unit, she sought to obtain materials related to early flight for that museum's collection.

Blanche Stuart Scott passed away on January 12, 1970. She was a member of the Early Birds, the OX-5 Club, and the Long Island Early Fliers Club.
Provenance:
Unknown, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0062.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Blanche Stuart Scott Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0062, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0062
See more items in:
Blanche Stuart Scott Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2c43b9ef1-a9d3-4eae-b6e7-5d1b20e22af5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0062
Online Media:

Helen Richey Pilot Log and Collection [Suskalo]

Creator:
Richey, Helen, 1909-1947  Search this
Names:
Bendix Air Races  Search this
Central Airlines  Search this
Great Britain. Air Transport Authority  Search this
United States. Bureau of Air Commerce  Search this
United States. Bureau of Air Commerce. National Air Marking Program  Search this
Women Airforce Service Pilots (U.S.)  Search this
Richey, Helen, 1909-1947  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet (2 folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Clippings
Logs (records)
Date:
1933-1944
Summary:
This collection consists of Helen Richey's pilot log for 1944-1945, newspaper clippings covering the period from 1933 to 1944 and seven photographs of Ms. RIchey.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of Helen Richey's pilot log for 1944-1945, newspaper clippings covering the period from 1933 to 1944 and seven photographs of Ms. Richey.
Arrangement:
This collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
Helen Richey (1909 - 1947) was an aviation pioneer who made headlines as a stunt pilot, a racing champion, a holder of speed and altitude records, a flight instructor, an Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA) and Womens Air Service Pilot (WASP) during WWII, the first women to pilot a commercial airliner on a regular scheduled run, and as the first woman to ever fly the United States mail. In April of 1930, Richey enrolled as a student pilot at Bettis Field's Curtiss-Wright flying school and on June 28, 1930, she earned her pilot's license. In December 1930, Richey was granted a limited commercial pilot's license bythe Department of Commerce. During the 1930s, Richey set a number of records and placed in several races, including as a co-pilot to Amelia Earhart in the 1936 Bendix Race. In 1934 Richey applied for a pilot's job with Central Airlines. She was hired and flew Central's route between Washington and Detroit. However, the Bureau of Air Commerce warned Centeral management to keep her on the ground in bad weather and the pilot's union rejected her application for membership. Due to these restrictions, Richey resigned from Central in October 1935. The Bureau of Air Commerce then offered Helen a new job as an air marking pilot for the government. She stayed with the air marking service until 1937 when the job was completed. In 1940 Richey was the first woman to earn an instructor's license and she was appointed an instructor for air cadets at Pittsburgh - Butler Airport. In 1942, she joined the American wing of the British Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA), where she ferried aicraft and needed materials thoughout the British Isles. Richey headed the ATA's American Group from 1942 until April 1943, when she returned to the States and joined the WASPs. Unable to find aviation employment after the WASPs disbanded in 1944, she committed suicide in 1947.
Provenance:
Gene Suskalo, Gift, 1998, NASM.1999.0006
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Women air pilots  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airports  Search this
Airports -- Location  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Flight training  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Clippings
Logs (records)
Citation:
Helen Richey Pilot Log and Collection [Suskalo], NASM.1999.0006, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0006
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg21127adc8-3836-4deb-b62c-e8cb2e4d0a56
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0006
Online Media:

Women Flyers of America Collection

Creator:
Women Flyers of America (WFA)  Search this
Names:
Women Flyers of America (WFA)  Search this
Extent:
3.05 Cubic feet ((1 flatbox) (2 records center boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Minutes
Newsletters
Financial records
Correspondence
Biographies
Date:
1940-1955
bulk 1942-1953
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains items relating to the WFA. The material consists of correspondence, membership applications, organizational newsletters, minutes, bulletins, flyers, by-laws and financial reports, biographical information on some members, and a scrapbook on the organization.
Arrangement:
Arrangements: 1) File cards; 2) Correspondence; 3) Printer's type and logo stamps; 4) Minutes notebook; 5) Miscellaneous notebooks on aviation; 6) Membership applications; 7) Organization newsletters ( 1950-1951) 8) Bulletins to supervisors; 9) Special flyers to members; 10) Receipt books; 11) Finance notebooks 12) Organization scrapbook
Biographical / Historical:
The Women Flyers of America (WFA), established in July 1940, invited any women over the age of 18 to join their organization if they were interested in flying 'for sport, profession, or national emergency.' This organization helped to guide and prepare women in the various phases of aviation, and local chapters could be found in major cities across the United States. The organization folded in 1954.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Vivian Gilchrist Nemhauser, Gift, 1987, 1987-0050, not NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Societies, etc.  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Flight training  Search this
Genre/Form:
Minutes
Newsletters
Financial records
Correspondence
Biographies
Identifier:
NASM.1987.0050
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg264f87df7-51ef-4cdd-9439-38e54dc036ad
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1987-0050

Gladys Roy Collection

Creator:
Roy, Gladys.  Search this
Extent:
0.54 Cubic feet (1 small box and 5 folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Articles
Photographic prints
Date:
1911-1927
Summary:
Gladys Roy was a barnstormer, parachute jumper, and wing-walker during the 1920s, performing mostly in the Minneapolis, Minnesota and the Los Angeles and Hollywood, California area. This collection consists of correspondence, reciepts, contracts, and photographic material documenting Roy's aviation career.
Scope and Contents:
The following items are included in this collection: panoramic image of an air field; 1926 Christmas card from Marion Nixon; correspondence between Roy and her family (1924-1926); correspondence from Charles Smith (Roy's father) to her mother; correspondence from Western Vaudeville Managers' Association; one photograph of Roy posed with group of women and three of Charles Smith; receipts for purchases by Roy; a Liberty Loan Bond Certificate for Charles Smith; a piece of film showing Roy doing a sit-up on top of a building; and a few newspaper articles.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged by type of material and then by date within folders.
Biographical / Historical:
Gladys Roy (1902?-1927) was a barnstormer during the 1920s, performing mostly in the Minneapolis, Minnesota and the Los Angeles and Hollywood, California area. Roy became a parachute jumper in 1921 and later a wing-walker, most famous for dancing the Charleston and for playing tennis on the upper wing of an airplane in flight. According to her letterhead, she was the holder of the world's low record parachute jump and she also completed a parachute jump from 17,000 feet. The Western Vaudeville Managers' Association was Roy's booking agent, and they booked her into fairs across the West. Roy was also did stunt work for Lord Motor Car Company as well as exhibition work for John P. Mills Real estate and for various other real estate exhibitions and auctions. She was in the movie business, appearing in "The Fighting Ranger" (1925), but was thrown from a horse during the production and seriously injured. She was the sister of Robert "Lee," Charles "Les," and Chadwick "Chad" Smith, all prominent pilots from Minnesota who flew for Northwest Airlines and were inducted in the Minnesota Aviation Hall of Fame. Roy and Lt. Delmar Synder were planning a flight from New York to Rome, but unfortunately Roy died in Ohio on August 15, 1927 when she walked into the spinning propeller of an aircraft that was sitting on the ground.
Provenance:
Deborah Martin, Gift, 2004, NASM.2005.0011
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Stunt flying  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Articles
Photographic prints
Citation:
Gladys Roy Collection, NASM.2005.0011, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2005.0011
See more items in:
Gladys Roy Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg22f14cb12-b85b-4fe9-8e76-4342d288363d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2005-0011

Willa B. Brown Photograph

Names:
Brown, Willa  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
bulk 1925-1935
Scope and Contents:
This full-length studio portrait photograph features early African American pilot Willa B. Brown, posed in her flying suit photograph. The photograph was taken somewhere between 1925 and 1935 in Chicago, Illinois.
Biographical / Historical:
Willa Brown was a pilot and president of the National Airmen's Association of America.
Provenance:
Billie Johnson, Gift, 1997
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Citation:
Willa B. Brown Photograph, Accession number 1987-0095, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1987.0095
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2e9ce0297-4c62-4752-b2a9-40fcfbd443fb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1987-0095
Online Media:

Betty Skelton Collection

Creator:
Skelton, Betty, 1926-  Search this
Names:
Fellow Lady Astronaut Trainees (FLATS, "Mercury 13")  Search this
Pitts Aviation Enterprises, Inc.  Search this
Pitts S-1 Special, Little Stinker  Search this
Project Mercury (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
8.21 Cubic feet (10 legal document boxes, 4 flatboxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Advertisements
Clippings
Date:
circa 1920-2005
Summary:
In 2002 Betty Skelton donated a collection of materials outlining her career as an aviatrix and race car driver to the National Air and Space Museum. The donated material consists primarily of news clippings, pamphlets, magazines, photographs, and scrapbooks covering the span of Ms. Skelton's career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists primarily of news clippings, pamphlets, magazines, photographs, and scrapbooks covering the span of Ms. Skelton's career.
Arrangement:
The collection has been divided into three series. The first series contains information on Betty Skelton's personal life, including birth and wedding announcements and family photos. The second, pertaining to her professional life, spans a broad range of materials covering the various careers pursued by Ms. Skelton. The third series consists of oversized items such as scrapbooks and large format magazines. Each series is further divided by format (i.e. news clippings, brochures, and photographs) and then chronologically.

SERIES I: Personal

News clippings; Photographs

SERIES II: Professional

News clippings, Programs and Pamphlets; Correspondence; Magazines/Press Releases; Photographs; Negatives

SERIES III: Oversized Materials
Biographical / Historical:
Betty Skelton Frankman, noted aviatrix, automobile test driver, race car driver, and business woman, was born in 1926 in Pensacola, Florida. Her interest in aviation was kindled at a young age while watching Navy stunt pilots practice. Soon, she and her parents began taking flying lessons and Betty soloed for the first time at age 12, four years before the legal age. As soon as she was legally able, age 16, Betty got her pilot's license. At age 19 she joined the Civil Air Patrol while also working as a flight instructor at her father's aviation school. She began a professional career as an aerobatic pilot in 1946, flying a 1929 Great Lakes 2T1A biplane. In 1948, while flying that aircraft, Betty won her first International Aerobatic Championship for Women. She would repeat this achievement in 1949 and 1950 while flying a Pitts-Special S-1C that she nicknamed "Little Stinker." By 1951 Betty realized that she had gone as far as a woman could go in aviation and retired.

Through a chance meeting with Bill France, the founder of the National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR), Betty began a second career as a test and race car driver. She set multiple land speed records and two transcontinental speed records. Her work with Dodge and Chevrolet led her to her next career as an advertising executive for Campbell-Ewald Advertising Agency, the firm that handled Chevrolet advertising.

In 1959, Betty was given the opportunity to train with the original Mercury 7 astronauts. She completed the same physical and physiological tests as the astronauts, but knew a woman was not destined to be the first American in space. The experience resulted in only a cover story in LOOK magazine (Vol. 24 No. 3 Feb. 2, 1960). In 1965, Betty married Donald Frankman and, eventually, the two moved to Florida and started a real estate business.

Betty held more combined aviation and automotive records than any other person. Her aviation achievements included: a world speed record for piston engine aircraft (unofficial), two light plane altitude records, and three international aerobatic championships. Her achievements in the automotive field included a women's closed course speed record (144.02 mph), a speed record for 200-249 cubic inch piston displacement (105.8 mph), a 24-hour stock car endurance record, a transcontinental record New York to Los Angeles (56 hrs 58 mins.), four land speed records, a South American transcontinental auto speed record, and multiple Bonneville Speed and Endurance Records.

She was also inducted into many halls of fame including, the International Aerobatic Hall of Fame, the NASCAR International Motorsports Hall of Fame, the Corvette Hall of Fame, the Tampa Sports Hall of Fame, and the Florida Women's Hall of Fame. In 1985, Betty and Don donated her Pitts Special "Little Stinker" to the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum (NASM). It currently hangs at the entrance to NASM's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center at Dulles, Virginia. Betty and her second husband, Dr. Allan Erde, retired to The Villages, Florida, a popular retirement community where many residents use golf carts to get from place to place. But Betty, in keeping with her moniker as the "fastest woman on Earth," drove a bright red Corvette convertible. She died at her home on August 31, 2011, at the age of 85.

The following timeline covers key events in Skelton's life, as well as in the aerospace and automotive industries. Events involving Skelton are shown in normal type while those of the latter are shown in italics.

Timeline of Betty Skelton

6/28/1926 -- Betty is born in Pensacola, Florida

May 1927 -- Charles Lindbergh makes the first solo west to east transatlantic flight

May 1932 -- Amelia Earhart becomes first women to solo across the Atlantic

1937 -- Amelia Earhart and Captain Fred Noonan go missing

12/7/1941 -- Bombing of Pearl Harbor forces American entry into World War II

1942 -- Officially soloed and received pilot's license at age 16

1944 -- Women's Airforce Service Pilots program ends

1945 -- Joins the Civil Air Patrol, eventually achieving rank of Major

May 1945 -- End of War in Europe

August 1945 -- Atom bomb dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki followed by Japanese surrender and end of World War II

1946 -- Begins career as aerobat at Southeastern Air Exposition in Jacksonville, Florida

1947 -- The United States Air Force becomes an independent military service Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier becoming the first man to fly faster than the speed of sound

1948 -- Becomes International Aerobatics Champion for women Buys "Little Stinker" Orville Wright dies at age 76 Berlin Airlift begins operation NASCAR is formed

1949 -- Pilots the smallest plane to cross the Irish Sea Represents United States in RAF Pageant – Belfast, Ireland Sets World Light Plane Altitude Record (~26,000 ft) First non-stop round the world flight is made by Capt. James Gallagher Represents United States in International Air Pageant – London, United Kingdom Unofficially sets world Speed Record for engine aircraft (426 mph) Retains title as International Aerobatics Champion for women

1950 -- Retains title of International Aerobatics Champion for women Becomes hostess of radio program "Van Wilson's Greeting Time"

1951 -- Four monkeys become the first living creatures to travel in space Retires from Flying Sets World Light Plane Altitude Record (~29,000 ft)

1953 -- Jacqueline Cochran becomes first women to fly faster than the speed of sound Stars in a movie short about motor boat jumping Meets Bill France and takes first ride in pace car

1954 -- Sets Stock Car Flying Mile Record (105.88 mph) Sets new world women's closed course record (144.02 mph) Sets new world women's closed course record (143.44 mph) First woman to drive an Indy Car

1955 -- Participates in Stock Car Endurance Run

1956 -- Becomes an advertising executive for Campbell-Ewald Participates in Stock Car Endurance Run First successful launch of a Chrysler Redstone Rocket from Cape Canaveral Sets new land speed record (145.044 mph) Sets transcontinental record New York to Los Angeles (56 hrs 58 mins)

1957 -- Sputnik 2 carries first dog into space Participates in Mobilgas Economy Run Sputnik is launched by the Soviet Union

1958 -- United States launches Explorer 1, the first US satellite to enter Earth's orbit National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is established South American Transcontinental Auto Speed Record (41hrs 14 mins)

1959 -- Trains with Mercury 7 astronauts

1960 -- Participates in Mobilgas Economy Run

1961 -- Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space Participates in Mobilgas Economy Run Yuri Gagarin becomes first man in space

1962 -- Cuban Missile Crisis Participates in Baja Run

1963 -- John F. Kennedy is assassinated Valentina Tereshkova becomes first women in space

1965 -- Sets new land speed record (315 mph) Marries Donald A. Frankman

1967 -- An accident during testing of Apollo 1 kills Virgil Grissom, Roger Chaffee, and Edward White

1969 -- Successfully lobbies to end discrimination against female pilots in air racing Becomes Vice President of Campbell-Ewald's new Women's Market and Advertising Department Apollo 11 is launched with Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins, making Neil Armstrong the first man on the moon

1970 -- Explosion onboard Apollo 13 First scheduled service of the Boeing 747

1972 -- The last manned mission to the moon, Apollo 17 is completed President Nixon announces funding for the building of a reusable space shuttle

1974 -- Charles Lindbergh dies at age 72

1975 -- Apollo/Soyuz Test Project and Soyuz 19 successfully dock in Earth orbit

1977 -- Begins working for First Florida Realty Publishes book Little Stinker British Airways and Air France begin regular Concorde service from New York's JKF Airport National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) launches Voyager I & II

1980 -- Jacqueline Cochran dies at age 74

1981 -- Space Shuttle Columbia launches for the first shuttle mission

1983 -- Sally Ride becomes first American woman in space

1985 -- Donates Little Stinker to NASM

1986 -- Space Shuttle Challenger explodes on take off Soviet Union launches Mir Space Station

1988 -- Inducted into International Aerobatic Hall of Fame (1st woman)

1989 -- Destruction of the Berlin Wall

1993 -- Inducted into NASCAR International Motorsports Hall of Fame (1st woman) Inducted into Florida Women's Hall of Fame

1997 -- Inducted into Women in Aviation Pioneer Hall of Fame Mars Pathfinder lands on surface of Mars

2001 -- Space Station Mir ends its 15 year life in space Inducted into Corvette Hall of Fame (1st woman) Donald A. Frankman dies

2003 -- Concorde service between the United States and Europe ends Inducted into International Council of Air Shows Foundation Hall of Fame

2005 -- Marries Allan Erde Inducted into National Aviation Hall of Fame

2008 -- Inducted into Motorsports Hall of Fame of America

8/31/2011 -- Betty dies at her home in The Villages, Florida
Provenance:
Betty Skelton, Gift, 2001
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Pitts S-1 Special  Search this
Pitts aircraft  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Airplane racing  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Stunt flying  Search this
Automobile racing  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Advertisements
Clippings
Citation:
Betty Skelton Collection, NASM.2002.0002, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2002.0002
See more items in:
Betty Skelton Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2b042e943-f87d-46e2-ad47-4d2ad6077728
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2002-0002
Online Media:

Amelia Earhart Microfilm Collection

Creator:
Morrissey, Muriel Earhart  Search this
Names:
Earhart, Amelia, 1897-1937  Search this
Earhart, Amy (Otis)  Search this
Merrill, Kenneth Griggs  Search this
Morrissey, Muriel Earhart  Search this
Williams, Clarence Strong  Search this
Extent:
12 Microfilm reels ((12 microfilm boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Photographs
Date:
1884-1987
bulk 1916-1942
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of twelve reels of microfilm from the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlessinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe College. The reels consist of the papers of Amelia Earhart and related collections. The film includes two large collections: the papers of Amelia Earhart, which were saved by her sister, Muriel (Earhart) Morrissey, and the papers of their mother, Amy (Otis) Earhart. Also on the film are three small manuscript collections and three small photograph collections. The papers of Clarence Strong Williams, AE's navigator, an additional folder of Amy (Otis) Earhart letters, and one folder of papers of Kenneth Griggs Merrill, a friend of AE, complete the manuscript portion of the film. The majority of photographs of AE are in her own papers; additional photographs donated by others are filed and described separately. They have been filmed following the manuscript collections. Complete inventories for every collection are filmed at the beginning of reel 1, and each inventory is filmed with its collection.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Radcliffe College, gift, 1990, 1991-0013, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1991.0013
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2be431f76-884e-4b03-a6bf-082122318d71
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1991-0013

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