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Aurelia Henry Reinhardt letters, 1917-1929

Creator:
Reinhardt, Aurelia Henry, 1877-1948  Search this
Reinhardt, Aurelia Henry, 1877-1948  Search this
Subject:
Morgan, Julia, 1872-1957  Search this
Topic:
Women architects  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9891
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212393
AAA_collcode_reinaure
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212393

Lilian Bridgman papers, circa 1860-circa 1983, bulk circa 1885-circa 1940s

Creator:
Bridgman, Lilian, 1866-1948  Search this
Bridgman, Lilian, 1866-1948  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Glass negatives
Topic:
Architects -- California  Search this
Women architects -- California  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Architecture & Design  Search this
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6456
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215608
AAA_collcode_bridlili
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Architecture & Design
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215608
Online Media:

Conference, "Women in Design: The Next Decade,"

Collection Creator:
Woman's Building (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1975
Collection Citation:
Woman's Building records, 1970-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Woman's Building records
Woman's Building records / Series 2: Education Programs / 2.1: Administrative Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-womabuil-ref446
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Outreach

Collection Creator:
Woman's Building (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Container:
Box 12, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1975-1978
Collection Citation:
Woman's Building records, 1970-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Woman's Building records
Woman's Building records / Series 2: Education Programs / 2.2: Feminist Studio Workshop
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-womabuil-ref557
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Lilian Bridgman papers

Creator:
Bridgman, Lilian, 1866-1948  Search this
Extent:
0.24 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Glass negatives
Date:
circa 1860-circa 1983
bulk circa 1885-circa 1940s
Summary:
The papers of California architect, Lilian Bridgman, measure 0.24 linear feet and date from circa 1860 to circa 1983, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1885 to circa 1940s. The collection provides scattered documentation of Bridgman's life including records of her certification as an architect, personal stationery, a booklet about her written by her niece, photographs of Bridgman, and two glass plate negatives of her in the studio.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of California architect, Lilian Bridgman, measure 0.24 linear feet and date from circa 1860 to circa 1983, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1885 to circa 1940s. The collection provides scattered documentation of Bridgman's life including records of her certification as an architect, personal stationery, a booklet about her written by her niece, photographs of Bridgman, and two glass plate negatives of her in the studio.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as one series.

Lilian Bridgman Papers, circa 1860-circa 1983 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1, MGP2)
Biographical / Historical:
Kansas-born architect and designer Lilian Bridgman (1866-1948), designed houses in Berkeley, California, during the Arts and Crafts movement and contributed significantly to the area's architectural heritage.

Bridgman gained a master's degree in science and taught physics and chemistry in high schools and junior colleges in California, before enrolling at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1912 to study drawing and architecture. She was licensed as an architect by the State of California in 1915 and subsequently designed more than fifteen homes in and around Berkeley. Bridgman was influenced by her mentor, Bernard Maybeck, and embraced the Arts and Crafts style which was at it's peak during her career.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art in 1994 by Alan W. Ford, owner from circa 1987-1994 of a house designed by Bridgman.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Architects -- California  Search this
Women architects -- California  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Glass negatives
Citation:
Lilian Bridgman papers, circa 1860-circa 1983, bulk circa 1885-circa 1940s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bridlili
See more items in:
Lilian Bridgman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bridlili
Online Media:

Aurelia Henry Reinhardt letters

Creator:
Reinhardt, Aurelia Henry, 1877-1948  Search this
Names:
Morgan, Julia, 1872-1957  Search this
Extent:
25 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1917-1929
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence with architect Julia Morgan.
Biographical / Historical:
President, Mills College.
Provenance:
Microfilmed with other art-related papers from Mills College Library, July 1981.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Architects  Search this
Topic:
Women architects  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.reinaure
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-reinaure

Woman's Building records

Creator:
Woman's Building (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Names:
Feminist Studio Workshop  Search this
Women's Graphic Center (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Chicago, Judy, 1939-  Search this
De Bretteville, Sheila Levrant  Search this
Raven, Arlene  Search this
Extent:
33.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Artists' books
Date:
1970-1992
Summary:
The records of the Woman's Building feminist arts organization in Los Angeles measure 33.5 linear feet and date from 1970-1992. Originally founded by artist Judy Chicago, graphic designer Sheila Levant de Bretteville, and art historian Arlene Raven in 1973, the Woman's Building served as an education center and public gallery space for women artists in southern California. The records document both the educational and exhibition activities and consist of administrative records, financial and legal records, publications, curriculum files, exhibition files, grant funding records and artist's works of arts and prints. A significant portion of the collection documents the Women's Graphic Center, a typesetting, design, and printing service operated by The Woman's Building.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Woman's Building measure 33.5 linear feet and date from 1970 to 1992. The organization played a key role as an alternative space for women artists energized by the feminist movement in the 1970s. The records document the ways in which feminist theory shaped the Building's founding core mission and goals. During its eighteen year history, the Building served as an education center and a public gallery space for women artists in Los Angeles and southern California; the records reflect both functions of the Building's activities.

The Administrative Files series documents the daily operations of the Building, with particular emphasis on management policies, budget planning, history, cooperative relationships with outside art organizations and galleries, special building-wide programs, and relocation planning. Included in this series are the complete minutes from most Building committees from 1974 through closing, including the Board of Directors and the Advisory Council. The General Publicity and Outreach series is particularly complete, containing publicity notices from most events, exhibits, and programs held at the Woman's Building, including brochures, announcements, programs, invitations, press releases, newspaper clippings, and magazine articles.

The Woman's Building's educational programs centered on courses offered by the Feminist Studio Workshop and the Extension Program. While the Workshop provided a two-year program for women interested in fully developing their artistic talent, the Extension Program offered a broad range of classes, specifically oriented to working women interested in art and art vocations. The records fully document both programs, focusing on the course development and descriptions, teacher contracts, class evaluations, budget planning, and scholarship programs. Although the Archives does not have the entire slide library, there are files concerning the establishment and administration of the library, as well as a few folders of slides.

The Gallery Programs series houses the records of the visual, performing, literary and video arts events held at the Woman's Building. Administrative files detail the daily operation of the gallery spaces. The files in the remaining subseries are primarily arranged by event and contain proposals, announcements, publicity, and artist biographies.

The Women's Graphic Center became a profit-making arm of the Woman's Building in 1981 but the typesetting and design equipment had been used by staff and students since 1975. The records in this series focus on the work produced at the Center, including general projects and artist designs and art prints. Many of the design and printing examples were produced for Woman's Building events and programs.

The Artist's Works of Art series includes artist books, resumes, correspondence, postcards, and samples of art in the form of sketches, drawings, and prints. There is also material related to Woman's Building projects. Especially noteworthy is the "What is Feminist Art?" project where artists gave their responses in various formats and mediums from text to pieces of artwork.

The Printed Materials series contains feminist and art publications not produced by or for the Woman's Building.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series.

Series 1: Administrative Files, circa 1970-1991 (Box 1-9, 32; 9 linear feet)

Series 2: Educational Programs, 1971-1991 (Box 10-14; 4.9 linear feet)

Series 3: Gallery Programs, 1973-1991 (Box 14-20, OV 54; 5.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Women's Graphic Center, circa 1976-1989 (Box 20-23, 32, OV 33-50; 5.6 linear feet)

Series 5: Artists' Works of Art, circa 1972-1990 (Box 24-25, OV 51-53; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 6: Grants, 1974-1992 (Box 25-30; 5.3 linear feet)

Series 7: Printed Material (Not Woman's Building), 1970-1983 (Box 30-31; 1.3 linear feet)
Historical Note:
In 1973, artist Judy Chicago, graphic designer Sheila Levant de Bretteville, and art historian Arlene Raven founded the Feminist Studio Workshop (FSW), one of the first independent schools for women artists. The founders established the workshop as a non-profit alternative education center committed to developing art based on women's experiences. The FSW focused not only on the development of art skills, but also on the development of women's experiences and the incorporation of those experiences into their artwork. Central to this vision was the idea that art should not be separated from other activities related to the developing women's movement. In November of 1973 the founders rented workshop space in a vacated building in downtown Los Angeles and called it The Woman's Building, taking the name from the structure created for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. The FSW shared space with other organizations and enterprises including several performance groups, Womanspace Gallery, Sisterhood Bookstore, the National Organization of Women, and the Women's Liberation Union.

When the building they were renting was sold in 1975, the FSW and a few other tenants moved to a three-story brick structure, originally designed to be the administrative offices of the Standard Oil Company in the 1920s. In the 1940s, it had been converted into a warehouse and consisted of three floors of open space, conducive to publically available extension classes and exhibitions offered by the Woman's Building staff and students. By 1977, the majority of the outside tenants had left the Woman's Building, primarily because they were unable to sustain business in the new location. The new building was more expensive to maintain and the FSW staff decided to hire an administrator and to create a board structure to assume the financial, legal, and administrative responsibility for the Building. The funds to operate came from FSW tuition, memberships, fund-raising events, and grant monies.

In 1981, the Feminist Studio Workshop closed, as the demand for alternative education diminished. The education programs of the Building were restructured to better accommodate the needs of working women. The Woman's Building also began to generate its own artistic programming with outside artists, including visual arts exhibits, performance art, readings, and video productions. That same year, the Woman's Building founded the Women's Graphic Center Typesetting and Design, a profit-making enterprises designed to strengthen its financial base. Income generated from the phototypesetting, design, production, and printing services was used to support the educational and art making activities of the Building.

When the graphics business closed in 1988, the Woman's Building suffered a financial crisis from which it never fully recovered. The Building closed its gallery and performance space in 1991.
Related Material:
Among the other resources relating to the Woman's Building in the Archives of American Art is an oral history with Suzanne Lacy on March 16, 1990, March 24, 1990, and September 24, 1990. While not credited as a founding member, Lacy was among the first group of staff of the Woman's Building which she discusses in her interview.

The Getty Research Institute also holds a large collection on the Woman's Building which includes a wide range of material relating to its exhibitions, activities, and projects.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art donated 5 boxes of video tape from the collection to the Long Beach Museum of Art, Video Annex in 1994. According to documentation, this was the desire of Sandra Golvin and the Board of Directors of the Woman's Building.
Provenance:
The Woman's Building records were donated to the Archives of American Art in 1991 by Sandra Golvin, President of the Board of Directors. An small addition of a set of "Cross Pollination" posters was donated in 2019 by by ONE Archives at University of Southern California Libraries via Loni Shibuyama, Archives Librarian.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Women artists -- California  Search this
Feminism and art  Search this
Arts organizations -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Function:
Nonprofit organizations -- California -- Los Angeles
Genre/Form:
Slides
Artists' books
Citation:
Woman's Building records, 1970-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.womabuil
See more items in:
Woman's Building records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-womabuil
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Online Media:

Letter from Anacostia Museum to Norma Merrick Sklarek

Issued by:
Anacostia Community Museum, American, founded 1967  Search this
Written by:
Louise D. Hutchinson, American, 1928 - 2014  Search this
Received by:
Norma Merrick Sklarek, American, 1926 - 2012  Search this
Subject of:
Welton Becket and Associates, American, 1949 - 1987  Search this
Owned by:
Norma Merrick Sklarek, American, 1926 - 2012  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 10 1/2 × 8 in. (26.7 × 20.3 cm)
Type:
letters (correspondence)
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Place used:
Santa Monica, Los Angeles County, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
August 1982
Topic:
African American  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Museums  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of David Merrick Fairweather and Yvonne Goff
Object number:
TA2018.23.3.1.11.18
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Archival Collections
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5abc3f3f2-e186-4c97-ac34-824ab5a00488
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_TA2018.23.3.1.11.18
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  • View Letter from Anacostia Museum to Norma Merrick Sklarek digital asset number 1
Online Media:

Six Wonders Built by Pioneering Women Architects

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 09 Mar 2021 19:20:45 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_af3040f4481589c33a20d757041c635c

Early women architects of the San Francisco Bay Area : the lives and work of fifty professionals, 1890-1951 / Inge Schaefer Horton

Title:
Lives and work of fifty professionals, 1890-1951
Author:
Horton, Inge S  Search this
Physical description:
x, 429 p. : ill., portraits, plans ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
San Francisco Bay Area
Date:
2010
C2010
Topic:
Women architects  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_960658

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