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Burden basket

Culture/People:
probably Wintu (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Helen Fahnestock Hubbard (Mrs. John Hubbard), Non-Indian, 1872-1955  Search this
Donor:
Helen Fahnestock Hubbard (Mrs. John Hubbard), Non-Indian, 1872-1955  Search this
Honoree:
Helen C. Michalis (Mrs. Clarence G. Michalis), Non-Indian, 1897-1933  Search this
Object Name:
Burden basket
Media/Materials:
Conifer root, bear grass, oak splint/splints, wild grape vine
Techniques:
Twined, full-twist overlay
Dimensions:
55 x 54 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Central California; California; USA (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1890
Catalog Number:
19/8179
Barcode:
198179.000
See related items:
Wintu
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6872a6872-37ad-42b0-9f30-b424bdc1140f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_211650
Online Media:

Foot Steps

Culture/People:
Nomtipom Wintu  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Frank LaPena (Frank La Pena/Towendolly), Nomtipom Wintu, 1937-2019  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Frank LaPena (Frank La Pena/Towendolly), Nomtipom Wintu, 1937-2019  Search this
Title:
Foot Steps
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Masonite, casein paint, photograph/photographs, cardboard, wood, felt, iron nails
Techniques:
Painted, collaged
Dimensions:
61 x 43 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
San Francisco; San Francisco County; California; USA
Date created:
1968
Catalog Number:
26/1026
Barcode:
261026.000
See related items:
Nomtipom Wintu
Painting/Drawing/Print
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Stretching the Canvas, Cosmopolitans
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws651e1474b-3b9c-4331-b947-2fe319280b26
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_277121
Online Media:

Trance Spirit

Culture/People:
Nomtipom Wintu  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Frank LaPena (Frank La Pena/Towendolly), Nomtipom Wintu, 1937-2019  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Frank LaPena (Frank La Pena/Towendolly), Nomtipom Wintu, 1937-2019  Search this
Title:
Trance Spirit
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink
Techniques:
Printed
Dimensions:
34.5 x 27.1 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
San Francisco; San Francisco County; California; USA
Date created:
1980
Catalog Number:
26/2376
Barcode:
262376.000
See related items:
Nomtipom Wintu
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6af4fa8eb-a333-4b95-93af-3d3e6e88ae0a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_278486

Bow

Culture/People:
Wintu  Search this
Collector:
Loren W. Green (L.W. Green), Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
Loren W. Green (L.W. Green), Non-Indian  Search this
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Bow
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide, fur, sinew, paint
Techniques:
Painted, carved, wrapped
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
McCloud River; Shasta County, Siskiyou County; California; USA
Date created:
circa 1880
Catalog Number:
2/450
Barcode:
020450.000
See related items:
Wintu
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws605d1c16d-8140-40fe-b6ac-eccf94913c10
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21724
Online Media:

Snake Vision

Culture/People:
Nomtipom Wintu  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Frank LaPena (Frank La Pena/Towendolly), Nomtipom Wintu, 1937-2019  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Frank LaPena (Frank La Pena/Towendolly), Nomtipom Wintu, 1937-2019  Search this
Title:
Snake Vision
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Canvas, acrylic paint
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
76.2 x 91.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Central California; California; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1980
Catalog Number:
26/1055
Barcode:
261055.000
See related items:
Nomtipom Wintu
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64a2cd7ba-6111-4850-a341-25536d075f81
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_277150

Shaman

Culture/People:
Nomtipom Wintu  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Frank LaPena (Frank La Pena/Towendolly), Nomtipom Wintu, 1937-2019  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Frank LaPena (Frank La Pena/Towendolly), Nomtipom Wintu, 1937-2019  Search this
Title:
Shaman
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Canvas, acrylic paint
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
76.2 x 61.2 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
San Francisco; San Francisco County; California; USA
Date created:
1980
Catalog Number:
26/1038
Barcode:
261038.000
See related items:
Nomtipom Wintu
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62792d0d6-68b7-472f-971a-464a011e99c2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_277133

Burning Feathers

Culture/People:
Nomtipom Wintu  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Frank LaPena (Frank La Pena/Towendolly), Nomtipom Wintu, 1937-2019  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Frank LaPena (Frank La Pena/Towendolly), Nomtipom Wintu, 1937-2019  Search this
Title:
Burning Feathers
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Masonite, oil paint
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
76.8 x 116.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
San Francisco; San Francisco County; California; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1968
Catalog Number:
26/1057
Barcode:
261057.000
See related items:
Nomtipom Wintu
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6cbed9903-582f-4df6-a1ed-6569839b1035
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_277152

C. Hart Merriam photographs of Native Americans

Creator:
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Photographer:
Boysen Studio  Search this
Diller, J. S.  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Meddaugh, O. E.  Search this
Names:
Muir, John, 1838-1914  Search this
Talbot, Zenaida Merriam (photographer)  Search this
Twain, Mark, 1835-1910  Search this
Extent:
5,000 Items (glass negatives, film negatives, lantern slides, and some prints)
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Atsugewi (Hat Creek)  Search this
Patwin  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Shasta  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Koso (Panamint) Shoshone  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Ohlone (Costano)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Yana  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Yokuts  Search this
Yokayo Pomo  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Wasco  Search this
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Photographs
Date:
circa 1902-1938
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting Native American baskets and portraits of Native Americans with whom C. Hart Merriam worked, as well as scenic views and images of animals and plants, mostly in California. Many of the photographs were made by Merriam himself or his daughter Zenaida Merriam Talbot. In addition, Merriam collected photographs from other researchers and photographers, including J. S. Diller, John Peabody Harrington, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, and O. E. Meddaugh. There are also images acquired from the Boysen Studio of Yosemite and photographs of Mark Twain, John Muir, basketmaker Maggie James, and Merriam's family.
Biographical/Historical note:
Clinton Hart Merriam (1855-1942) was a Columbia University-educated physician who worked as a naturalist, including as head of the Biological Survey for the US Department of Agriculture. He joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as a zoologist in 1899. In 1910, he left the USDA and began to conduct research among California tribes. Financed by Mary W. Harriman and the E. H. Harriman Fund administered by the Smithsonian, he researched tribes' vocabularies, history, mythology, crafts (particularly basketmaking) until about 1936. His resarch was assisted by his daughter, Zenaida, who took photographs and painted glass slides for him. Merriam served as President of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1920-1921.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 74-27
General note:
Additional information supplied by Marvin Shodas.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Merriam's notes held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 1563 and in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA Acc. 12-264.
Additional photographs by Merriam held in the National Museum of American Indian Archives in the Mary Harriman Rumsey Photograph Collection and the Harriman Alaska Expedition Photograph Collection.
Correspondence from Merriam held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4558, the Department of Anthropology records (Manuscript and Pamphlet file), Bureau of American Ethnology records, J.C. Pilling Papers, Ales Hrdlicka Papers, and Jesse Logan Nusbaum Papers.
The Bancroft Library at University of California, Berkeley holds the C. Hart Merriam Papers, C. Hart Merriam Collection of Native American Photographs (prints corresponding to negatives in this collection), and C. Hart Merriam pictorial collection.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Baskets  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 74-27, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.74-27
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-74-27

MS 7254 Interview with Frank La Pena and slides of his artwork

Creator:
Koziski, Stephanie  Search this
Names:
LaPena, Frank R.  Search this
Extent:
8 Pages
19 Color slides
Culture:
Wintu  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Color slides
Interviews
Photographs
Date:
April 21, 1976
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7254
Topic:
Art works -- Wintu  Search this
Artists -- Wintu  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 7254, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7254
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7254
Online Media:

Basketry

Collector:
Miss Ella F. Hubby  Search this
Donor Name:
Miss Ella F. Hubby  Search this
Culture:
Wintu  Search this
Object Type:
Basket
Place:
Not Given, McCloud River, California, United States, North America
Accession Date:
24 Feb 1920
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
064687
USNM Number:
E313181-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/33037f8f1-f311-4112-a8c6-7402f02e9e3d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8389745
Online Media:

Cap Ornamented With Abalone Shell (Headnet)

Collector:
Maj. Stephen Powers  Search this
Donor Name:
Maj. Stephen Powers  Search this
Length - Object:
36 cm
Culture:
Achumawi (Achomawi) (?)  Search this
Wintu (?)  Search this
Konkow (Concow) (?)  Search this
Object Type:
Hat
Place:
Pit River, California, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1876
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
004856
USNM Number:
E21378-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3aec7f86e-d2f0-4d2c-b397-715bd7109408
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8360787

MS 3618 Comparison between the Wintun and Japanese languages

Collector:
Faris, Lafayette  Search this
Addressee:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
8 Pages
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Wintun  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
August 18, 1893
Scope and Contents:
Letter to Major J. W. Powell.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3618
Citation:
Manuscript 3618, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3618
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3618

MS 3535 Wintun stories

Creator:
Curtin, Jeremiah, 1835-1906  Search this
Extent:
218 Pages
Culture:
Wintun  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
ca. 1888-89
Scope and Contents:
In handwriting of a scribe. Contents: "Tirumenasa and The daughters of Tsararokkiemila." 17 pages. Places: Pitt River. "Berit loses the Daughter of Taretkiemila and his own hair by dreaming of Kahit." 6 pages. Places: Mt. Shasta. "The Journey of Sedit and Poharamasherit to the land of Puidalladekiemila. 30 pages. Places: Pitt River, Lassen Butte. "Death of Suptcit and Resurrection of the Nompatits by Winispukic." 10 pages. Places: Sacramento River. "Sedit buys three barks of Nohlospatkilis." 8 pages. Place: Stillwater. "Sulaloimis at Nelwakut." 16 pages. Places: Sacramento River, Anderson. "Sedit and Kalihuri at Dekesnorton." 10 pages. Places: Sacramento River. "Tsileuherit and the Tcitiwirik Sisters." 10 pages. Places: Sacramento River, Lassens Butte. ""Kuril splits himself and becomes the Man and Woman Kukipiwit." 7 pages. Places: Redding, Rockbridge (near Shasta City). "Memtulitkiemila and Tsuratkiemila on Puimem." 9 pages. Places: Pitt River. "Pitisherit and Klakherit." 26 pages. "The Birth of Walokitila and Tumukitila." 19 pages. Places: List of geographic locations with this myth gives "Wintun name" and translation. "The visit of Puipawinmak and Tsikipatharamas to their brother Topiwaikalalti in the land of Topitcikiemila. 23 pages. Places: Sacramento River, Redding, Pitt River, McCloud River, places near Anderson, and Shasta City, Stillwater.
"Hlutcustcinaila and Nopyarhpak's daughters." 27 pages. Places: McCloud River. Sedit "wolf" (coyote) in Wintun.--Curtin, Wintun vocabulary. Manuscript #841, recorded 1888-1889, Shasta County, California.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3535
Local Note:
These myths have been catalogued for many years as "California myths" on the basis of place-names, but have not been more specifically identified. However, three stories mention Sedit, "wolf" (or "Coyote") in Wintun (see Curtin, Manuscript Number 841, Wintun vocabulary recorded 1888-89, Shasta County, California); and one story gives the "Wintun name" in a list of geographic locations. Presumably all of the stories are Wintun.--MCB, 5/66
Other Title:
Tirumenasa and The daughters of Tsararokkiemila
Berit loses the Daughter of Taretkiemila and his own hair by dreaming of Kahit
The Journey of Sedit and Poharamasherit to the land of Puidalladekiemila
Death of Suptcit and Resurrection of the Nompatits by Winispukic
Sedit buys three barks of Nohlospatkilis
Sulaloimis at Nelwakut
Sedit and Kalihuri at Dekesnorton
Tsileuherit and the Tcitiwirik Sisters
Kuril splits himself and becomes the Man and Woman Kukipiwit
Memtulitkiemila and Tsuratkiemila on Puimem
Pitisherit and Klakherit
The Birth of Walokitila and Tumukitila
The visit of Puipawinmak and Tsikipatharamas to their brother Topiwaikalalti in the land of Topitcikiemila
Hlutcustcinaila and Nopyarhpak's daughters
Topic:
Folklore -- Wintun  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3535, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3535
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3535

MS 2114-b Wintun numerals

Creator:
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
Culture:
Wintun  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1910-1919 ?
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2114-b
Topic:
Numbers -- Wintun  Search this
Wintu language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2114-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2114B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2114b
Online Media:

MS 1564 Wintun Vocabulary

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
21 Pages
Culture:
Wintun  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1889
Scope and Contents:
With notes.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1564
Topic:
Wintu language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1564, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1564
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1564
Online Media:

Grace Nicholson photograph collection

Creator:
Nicholson, Grace, -1948  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Names:
Maxwell, Thyra  Search this
Extent:
374 Photographic prints
38 Copy negatives
Culture:
Hupa  Search this
Yurok  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Atsugewi (Hat Creek)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Chukchansi Yokuts  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Date:
1905-1930
Summary:
This collection contains 374 photographic prints and 38 copy negatives made by Grace Nicholson, a collector and dealer of Native American and Asian arts and crafts in Pasadena, California. The majority of the photographs were made between 1910 and 1930 among various native communities in California, though there are smaller amounts of photographs in Arizona and New Mexico. Communities photographed include—Hupa, Yurok, Pomo, Karuk (Karok), Tolowa, Yokayo Pomo, Achomawi (Pit River), Atsugewi (Hat Creek), Hopi Pueblo, Kumeyaay (Digueno), Mojave (Mohave), Paiute, Taos Pueblo, Wintu, Acoma Pueblo, Maidu, Chukchansi Yokuts, Yokuts.
Scope and Contents:
The Grace Nicholson photograph collection contains 374 black and white photographic prints (38 copy negatives) made by Grace Nicholson between 1905 and 1930 however many of the photographs are undated. The majority of the photographs were shot within various native communities in California, including Hupa, Yurok, Pomo, Karuk (Karok), Tolowa, Yokayo Pomo, Achomawi (Pit River), Atsugewi (Hat Creek), Maidu, Chukchansi Yokuts, Yokuts, Kumeyaay (Digueno), Wintu. There are smaller amounts of photographs from Arizona and New Mexico which include photographs within Hopi Pueblo, Taos Pueblo, Acoma Pueblo, Mojave (Mohave) and Paiute communities.

A large number of these photographs include portraits of Native men and women posed with baskets, either made by themselves or other community members. There are also posed portraits of families in front of their homes and going about their daily activities. Nicholson was often close with the families she photographed and took care to include their names with the images, though there are many photographs where the sitters are still unidentified. Some photographs of certain dances and ceremonies have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.

The majority of the prints are silver gelatin (DOP) and the copy negatives (acetate) were made by the Museum of the American Indian sometime in the 1960s as part of a large photograph conservation project. There were also a number of photographic prints found within the Grace Nicholson manuscript materials (NMAI.AC.001) that were transferred to the photo archives in the early 2000s.
Prints from Grace Nicholson: P05451-P05497, P05505, P08339-P08368, P08469-P08479, P09400-P09453, P09463-P09464, P09836-P09838. Prints from Thyra Maxwell: P18316-P18317, P18932-P19107, P20830-P20836, P20999-P21075. Prints pulled from the MAI records (NMAI.AC.001): P28169, P28170, P28443-P28445. Copy Negatives: N35814-N35844, N36250, N41439, N41551-N41556.
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Grace Nicholson was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on December 31, 1877. She moved to California following her parents and grandparents death, in 1901 and was soon purchasing Native American baskets and other artifacts in association with Carrol S. Hartman, an old family friend from the East. Traveling north through California, Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, and south and east through Arizona and New Mexico, she collected, not only for herself, but also for such institutions as the Smithsonian, the Field Columbian Museum of Chicago, University of Pennsylvania Department of Archeology and later the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. Nicholson kept extensive diaries and notes on her buying trips through Native American territory, especially of the Karok, Klamath, and Pomo Indians. Her subjects included Native American legends, folklore, vocabulary, tribal festivals, basket making, the art trade, and living conditions. Native American artists with whom Nicholson established long-term business and personal connections included Pomo basket weaver Mary Benson (1878-1930) and her husband William Benson (1862-1937), as well as Elizabeth Hickox (1875-1947) of the Karuk tribe. By August of 1902 she was establishing a shop and studio at 41-143 Raymond Ave., Pasadena and she regularly paid higher prices than competitive buyers, thereby obtaining the finest pieces.

In 1909 Grace Nicholson was awarded a silver medal for her ethnological collection exhibited at the Alaska-Yukon- Pacific Exposition in Seattle. In 1924, Nicholson designed and opened a new building for her collections nicknamed the "Treasure House" where she also handled the work of a number of the outstanding artists among them, Joseph H. Sharp and Grace Carpenter Hudson. Throughout her collecting career, Nicholson maintained a correspondence with George Heye selling and donating collections to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation from 1916 until her death in 1948.

Following Nicholson's death, her Native American Indian art collection was left to her assistants Thyra Maxwell and Estelle Bynum who became the executors of her estate. Her 12,000-item Asian art collection was auctioned by the Curtis Gallery in November 1950 and purchased by Los Angeles businessman Edker Pope. In 1968, Maxwell donated Nicholson's papers and photographs to The Huntington Library and sold Nicholson's collection of baskets made by the Bensons, as well as a large collection of correspondence and myths from William Benson, to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, of New York City (now the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution).
Related Materials:
The majority of Grace Nicholson's papers and photographs can be found at the Huntington Library in San Marino, California; Grace Nicholson Photograph Collection (photCL 56), Grace Nicholson Papers and Addenda (mssNicholson papers and addenda).

Additional Nicholson material can be found at the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley; Photographic negatives and prints of Calif. Indian baskets and other ethnographic items handled by Grace Nicholson from about 1912-1925 (Accession 2880), Grace Nicholson's ledger of Indian baskets from about 1912-1925 in Pasadena, California (Accession 2881).
Separated Materials:
Correspondence between Grace Nicholsan and George Heye as well as Pomo myths recorded from William Benson can be found in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001) in Boxes 262, 262A, 263. Baskets made by Mary and William Benson, as well also additional collections donated and sold by Nicholson to the Museum, can be found in NMAI's ethnographic collection.
Provenance:
The majority of the photographic prints were donated by Thyra Maxwell in 1968 and 1969. The rest of the photographs accompanied collections purchased by the Museum of the American Indian or presented to the Museum from Grace Nicholson in 1923.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Photographs with cultural sensitivity are restricted.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
California  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace Nicholson photograph collection, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.039
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-039

MS 4569-a Vocabulary of "Wintoonan tribes"

Creator:
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Extent:
92 Pages
Culture:
Wintun -- body parts  Search this
Wintun -- Bird names  Search this
Wintun -- Animal names  Search this
Wintun  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Wintu Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Includes names of persons, parts of the body, 17 pages. (also carbon copy); animal and bird names, 75 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4569-a
Topic:
Names, Personal -- Wintun  Search this
Zoology -- Wintun  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4569-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4569A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4569a
Online Media:

Herman J. Viola photograph collection relating to Star Hawk Pow Wow, American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, and acquisition trips for NAA

Creator:
Viola, Herman J. (Herman Joseph), 1938-  Search this
Names:
American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program  Search this
Smithsonian Institution, Department of Anthropology, National Anthropological Archives, Native American Cultural Resources Training Program  Search this
Hunt, Wolf Robe, 1905-1977  Search this
Photographer:
Genete, Rev. Salvatore  Search this
Krantz, Victor  Search this
Neufeld, Harry B.  Search this
Warren, Dave.  Search this
Extent:
120 Negatives (circa, 35 mm)
31 Color slides
300 Prints (circa, silver gelatin)
310 Negatives (circa, acetate)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Oneida  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Cree  Search this
Spokane Indians  Search this
Makah  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Yakama Indians  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Coos (Kusan)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Wyandot Indians  Search this
Klallam (Clallam)  Search this
Plains Apache (Kiowa Apache)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Wintu Indians  Search this
Missouria (Missouri)  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Osage  Search this
Nisqually  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Nuwuvi (Southern Paiute)  Search this
Puyallup  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Tunica Indians  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
White Mountain Apache  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Wampanoag Indians  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Cayuga  Search this
Tulalip Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Color slides
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1970-1991
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Herman J. Viola, depicting the 1973 Institute of American Indian Art meeting, Wolf Robe Hunt and his Acoma pottery, the transfer of Blue Eagle collection from Mae Abbott home to National Anthropological archives, and the 1974 Star Hawk Pow Wow in Watonga, Oklahoma. Additionally, there are photographs of NAA staff and the 1974 Acee Blue Eagle reception at NAA, possibly made by Viola. The collection also contains some photographs of Wounded Knee taken by Rev. Salvatore Genete, and copies of official portraits of Governor Aquillar of San Ildefonso Pueblo made by Harry B. Neufeld. There are also National Archives photographs of Chinese Boxer Rebellion prints, and Young watercolors and Alden sketches of American landscapes.

Much of the collection consists of portraits of participants in the NAA's American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program made by Smithsonian photographers, including Victor Krantz. These individuals include: Harry Walters, Navajo; Anna Walters, Otoe-Pawnee; George Sutton, Southern Arapaho; Sarah Yazzie, Navajo; Rubie Sootkis, Norther Cheyenne; David Fanman, Cheyenne; Augustine Smith, Navajo; Lorraine Bigman, Navajo; Jim Jefferson, Southern Ute; Rose Marie Pierite Gallardo, Tunica-Biloxi; George Horse Capture, Gros Ventre; Violet Zospah, White Mountain Apache; Gloria Anderson, Mille Lacs; Wenonah Silva, Wampanoag; Claire Lamont, Oglala; George Wasson, Coos-Coquille; Virginia Martin, Yakama; Gary Roybal, San Ildefonso; Richard Ground, Sihasapa; Almeda Baker, Hidatsa; June Finley, Hidatsa; Lida Young Wolf, Hidatsa; Christine Webster, Menominee; Rose Marie Roybal, Puyallup; Vivienne Jake, Kaibab-Paiute; Kim Yerton, Hupa; Dean Jacobs, Ojibwa; Lois Nowlin, Shawnee; Bonita McCloud, Nisqually; Gloria Maude Blackbird Cheswalla, Osage; Emily Peake, Ojibwa; Gordon McLester, Oneida; Mary Seth, Nez Perce; Bill Tohee, Oto-Missouria; Frank LaPena, Wintu; Juanita McQuistion, Wyandot; Carson Waterman, Seneca; Elton Stumbling Bear, Kiowa Apache; Patrick Chief Stick, Chippewa-Cree; Lynne Walks-on-Top, Spokane; Ethelyn Garfield, Paiute; Nora Dauenhauer, Tlingit; Caroline B. Jones, Tulalip; Grace F. Thorpe, Sauk and Fox; Dixie Lee Davis, Yavapai; Lynn D. Pauahty, Kiowa; David Lee Harding, Ojibwa; Robert V. Bojorcas, Klamath; Patty Leah Harjo, Seneca-Cayuga; Steven DeCoteau, Clallam; Robert Van Gunten, Ojibwa; Danny K. Marshall, Steilacoom; Meredith P. Flinn, Makah; Rhonda Hulsey, Chickasaw; Betty J. Brown, Choctaw; Vernon Calavaza, Zuni; Jack Bowen Jr., Upper Skagit; and Harry William Jr., Pima.
Biographical/Historical note:
Herman Joseph Viola is a historian of Native Americans who was director of the National Anthropological Archives from 1972-1989 and founding editor of Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives. In 1973, he launched the American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, designed to encourage Native Americans to become professional archivists, librarians, curators, and historians through research and internships at the NAA.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 74-17
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Viola's papers from 1980-1981.
Records relating to the American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the Records of the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archives -- Acquisitions  Search this
Powwows  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 74-17, Herman J. Viola photograph collection relate to Star Hawk Pow Wow, American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, and acquisition trips for NAA, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.74-17
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-74-17

MS 3538 Several short manuscripts collected by Jeremiah Curtin

Creator:
Curtin, Jeremiah, 1835-1906  Search this
Informant:
Pitt, Jesse  Search this
Koalak'aka  Search this
Culture:
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Shasta  Search this
Wintun  Search this
Yana Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Wintu Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
In addition to Modoc materials, there are items which relate or may relate to the Shasta, Achomawi, Wintun and Yana. Possibly not all are in Curtin's handwriting.
Contents of file: (1) "Modoc Words." February 23, 1884. 34 pages total: vocabulary 24, 2 pages; myth, 2 pages (note on outside cover reads, "One Kumush story in this book"); notes on several myths which are identified by number only, 6 pages. This entire item may belong in file 2569. (2) "Customs. Information given by Jesse Pitt." Modoc. 9 pages, numbered 421-9. Marked "not to be used in "Modoc Myths;" see letter 7/8/12." This notation is crossed out. (3) "Medicine. The Doctor. This information was given by Koalak'aka. I afterward questioned the old men at Klamath Agency and found out that it was accurate." 8 pages numbered 414-20. Same notation as above, crossed out. (4) "Names of Places on the Triangle East of Redding and South of Pit River. Achomawi ? 30 pages. (5) Personal names, Achomawi ? Shasta ? Wintun ? Yana ? 15 pages. (6) Item moved to Yana vocabulary # 2060 (5/66) (7) Vocabulary. Tribe ? 6 pages. Mentions terms relating to Mt. Shasta page 2; Redding, page 3, Pit River, page 4, Maj. Redding, page 5, Stillwater, page 5. (8) Miscellaneous vocabulary notes. Tribes ? 7 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3538
Other Title:
Modoc Words
Customs. Information given by Jesse Pitt
Medicine. The Doctor.
Names of Places on the Triangle East of Redding and South of Pit River
Topic:
Folklore -- Modoc  Search this
Names, place -- Achomawi  Search this
Names, Personal -- Achomawi  Search this
Social structure -- Modoc  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Achumawi  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3538, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3538
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3538

MS 2170 Wintu Myths, Tales and Words

Collector:
Curtin, Jeremiah, 1835-1906  Search this
Extent:
250 Sheets
Culture:
Yana  Search this
Wintun  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Yana Indians  Search this
Wintu Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sheets
Date:
circa 1884-1885
Scope and Contents:
Also section captioned "Nosa [Yana] stories, Jennie, May, 1885."
Many were published by Mr or Mrs Curtin.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2170
Topic:
Wintun Indians  Search this
Folklore  Search this
Nosa  Search this
Folklore  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2170, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2170
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2170

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