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Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection

Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Names:
Reformed Church of America (New York)  Search this
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
699 Nitrate negatives (3 1/4 x 5 1/2 or smaller)
0.25 Linear feet (envelopes)
2 Gelatin silver prints
Culture:
Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Nitrate negatives
Gelatin silver prints
Place:
Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico -- Missions
Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico
Date:
1913-1928
bulk 1914-1919
Summary:
This collection of photographs, shot by Reverend James O. Arthur while serving as a missionary for the Reformed Church of America, documents the activities on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska in 1913 as well as Mescalero and Chiricahua Reservation in White Tail, New Mexico from 1914-1919. Additional images depict vacations and travels throughout the United States by the Arthur family and friends between the years 1913-1928.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 701 photographs shot by Reverend James O. Arthur while serving as a missionary for the Reformed Church of America and documents the activities on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska in 1913, and on the Mescalero Apache and Chiricahua Apache Reservation in White Tail, New Mexico from 1914-1919. The photographs depict informal portraits of Winnebago, Mescalero Apache, Chiricahua Apache, and Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache people; Reverend James O. Arthur, his family, and friends on the reservations and their travels throughout the United States between the years 1913 to 1928; groups such as Indian school children, quilt sewing circles, and Indian police and fire brigade; activities such as church life, fairs, picnics, sports, hunting, horticulture, agriculture, and building construction; and animals such as cattle, deer, turkeys, and wolves. Notable images include those of an elderly Chief Naiche (Chiricahua Apache), Jasper Kanseah [nephew of Goyathlay (Geronimo)], and Eugene Chihuahua (son of Chihuahua).The majority of the images were photographed by Rev. James O. Arthur himself, except for the few images in which he appears. This collection also contains Reverend Arthur's negative envelopes which include his typed notes about the photographs such as dates, subject matter, and his ratings of the photographs. Arthur used a Vest Pocket Kodak camera from circa 1913-1914 and a 3A Folding Kodak camera from circa 1914-1928.

The titles of the photographs were assigned by the photographer.
Arrangement note:
The collection is intellectually arranged in 15 series by location and then chronologically.

The nitrate negatives were originally physically organized by Reverend James O. Arthur in two sets of envelopes first by image size and then by chronology. Upon donation, NMAI image numbers where assigned to the nitrate negatives and then physically stored according to this number in four boxes; Box 1 (N53103-N53272), Box 2 (N53273-N53460), Box 3 (N53461-N53663), Box 4 (N53664-N53801). The 2 prints are stored in Photo Folder 1. Box 5 contains the envelopes in series 5. In 2008 the nitrate negatives were moved to an offsite storage facility.
Biographical/Historical note:
Reverend James Osborne Arthur (1887-1971) and his wife Katherine Arthur (1883-1960) were missionaries for the Reformed Church of America, working on the Nebraska Winnebago Reservation from 1912 to 1914 and among the Chiricahua and Mescalero Apaches in the Whitetail section of the Mescalero Apache Reservation in New Mexico from June 1914 to 1919.

Arthur was born in South Dakota in 1887 to Frank G. Arthur (1861-1948) and Jean O. Schuler (Scouller; 1863-1914), but spent his early life in Iowa. James had 5 siblings Margaret W. Arthur (b. 1889), F. Gale Arthur (1892-1952), Dorothy M. Arthur (b.1894), Jeanie (Jeanne) Arthur (1896-1961), and Jessie M. Arthur (1899-1992).

On June 26, 1911, James Arthur married Katherine Magdeline Gottberg Rhoades (1883-1960). The Arthurs had five children who are documented in this collection: Margaret Jean (1913-2010), James, Jr. (1915-2002), John Paul (1917-1987), Robert Lee (1919-2000) and Kathryn (1923-). Reverend Arthur died in August 1971 in Lomita, California.
Related Materials:
The following book documents the Arthurs' work and life on the Mescalero Apache Reservation: Herbert, D. and R. K. Herbert. Yah Et-Te: A Struggling Missionary's Record of Work Among Geronimo's People on the Mescalero Apache Reservation in 1914-1919. Philadelphia: Xlibris Corporation, 2000.
Provenance:
This collection was donated to NMAI in 2007 in memory of Reverend James O. Arthur and Katherine Arthur by Barbara Jane Arthur Jacobs (the Arthurs' granddaughter) and family.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Missions -- Nebraska  Search this
Missionaries -- New Mexico  Search this
Missionaries -- Nebraska  Search this
Missions -- New Mexico  Search this
Winnebago Indians -- Missions  Search this
Chiricahua Indians -- Missions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Nitrate negatives -- 1900-1960
Gelatin silver prints
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-057
Online Media:

Group portrait

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
May 6, 1913
Scope and Contents:
Group of Mission workers and Winnebago Indians standing outside of house on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska. Missionary Katherine Arthur is third from the left.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53107
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref809

Girl's moccasins

Culture/People:
probably Winnebago [Nebraska] (attributed)  Search this
Possible collector:
Reverend Walter Clark Roe, Non-Indian, 1859-1913  Search this
Mary Wickham Roe (Mrs. Walter Clark Roe), Non-Indian, 1863-1941  Search this
Elizabeth Merwin Roe Page (Mrs. Alfred R. Page), Non-Indian, 1861-1943  Search this
Previous owner:
Marjorie Page Schauffler (Mrs. Bennet Fellows Schauffler), Non-Indian, 1897-1983  Search this
Donor:
Marjorie Page Schauffler (Mrs. Bennet Fellows Schauffler), Non-Indian, 1897-1983  Search this
Object Name:
Girl's moccasins
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Overlay beadwork, sewn
Dimensions:
18 x 145 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Place:
Nebraska; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1870-1920
Catalog Number:
25/784
Barcode:
250784.000
See related items:
Winnebago [Nebraska]
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a643007f-bb9e-4f8f-b047-ff5241fb68c6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_266305
Online Media:

American Indian Photographs

Photographer:
Cox, W. T  Search this
Wittick, Ben 1845-1903  Search this
Carrigen  Search this
Bemedji  Search this
Molander  Search this
Geist, Otto William  Search this
Bratley  Search this
Post, Helen M  Search this
Stevens, Harry  Search this
Wilcox, Walter D  Search this
Maes, E. E. ?  Search this
Sady, Emil J  Search this
Alva, Alcides J  Search this
Bailey, Truman E. 1902?-1959  Search this
Creator:
U. S. Department of Interior, Library  Search this
Subject:
Big Jim Chief  Search this
Collier, John  Search this
Ka-Be-Nah-Gwey-Wence  Search this
Smith, John  Search this
Ickes, Harold Secretary of the Interior  Search this
McDermitt, Sam  Search this
Noriego, Albert  Search this
Jessepe, Louis  Search this
Wa[ ?] assush, Leo  Search this
Farinango, Benceslado  Search this
Sady, Emil J  Search this
Physical description:
10 photos
Culture:
Arapaho Indians (identification uncertain)  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Flathead  Search this
Hopi  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians (identification uncertain)  Search this
Oto Indians (identification uncertain)  Search this
Papago  Search this
Pima Indians (identification uncertain)  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Iroquois Mohawk  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Iroquois Seneca  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Paiute Indians  Search this
Quechua  Search this
Aymara  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Menominee Indians  Search this
Aleuts  Search this
Chinook  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Havasupai Indians  Search this
Swinomish Indians  Search this
Tututni Indians  Search this
Iroquois Onondaga  Search this
Iroquois Tuscarora  Search this
Cakchiquel  Search this
Otoe (identification uncertain)  Search this
Araucano  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America Northeast  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Mohawk Indians  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Seneca Indians  Search this
Tuscarora Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America Plateau  Search this
Salish Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southern States  Search this
Type:
Slides (photographs)
Collection descriptions
Glass plates
Color transparencies
Place:
Wyoming
Guatemala
Mexico
Peru
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Missions--St Michael's  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Education--Sequoyah Indian School  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Habitations and other structures--tipi  Search this
Delegations  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Woodwork and wood carving  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Habitations and other structures  Search this
Flathead  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Education--school buildings  Search this
Pima Indians  Search this
Basket making  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Fabrics, including spinning and weaving  Search this
Delegations--1st Conference in Indian Inter-American Life  Search this
Agriculture--plowing  Search this
Education--Escuela Normal Rural  Search this
Agriculture--potato planting  Search this
Local number:
NAA MS 4638
See more items in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
American Indian Photographs [Cox, W. T]
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_84682

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