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Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program Collection

Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Archives Center  Search this
Producer:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Dept. of Public Programs  Search this
America's Jazz Heritage  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
Funder:
Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald Charitable Foundation  Search this
National Endowment for the Arts  Search this
Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund  Search this
National Endowment for the Arts  Search this
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Interviewee:
Adams, Joe, 1922-  Search this
Aguabella, Francisco, 1925-  Search this
Akiyoshi, Toshiko, 1929-  Search this
Alvarado, Alfredo  Search this
Anderson, Chris, 1926-  Search this
Armenteros, Chocolate, 1928-  Search this
Armstrong, Howard, 1909-2003  Search this
Ashby, Harold  Search this
Atkins, Clarence, 1921-  Search this
Avakian, George, 1919-  Search this
Baker, David, 1931-  Search this
Bank, Danny, 1922-  Search this
Barker, Danny, 1909-  Search this
Barker, Louise, 1913-  Search this
Barron, Kenny  Search this
Bass, Fontella  Search this
Bates, Peg Leg, 1907-  Search this
Bauza, Mario, 1911-  Search this
Belli, Remo  Search this
Bellson, Louis  Search this
Benson, George, 1943-  Search this
Berger, Ed  Search this
Bert, Eddie, 1922-  Search this
Betts, Keter, 1928-  Search this
Bey, Chief (James), 1913-  Search this
Bishop, Walter, 1927-  Search this
Brooks, Cecil  Search this
Brown, Oscar, Jr., 1926-  Search this
Brown, Velzoe, 1910-  Search this
Brubeck, Dave  Search this
Bryant, Ardie, 1929-  Search this
Bryant, Clora  Search this
Bryant, Ray, 1931-  Search this
Bufalino, Brenda, 1937-  Search this
Bunnett, Jane  Search this
Burns, Ralph, 1922-2001  Search this
Burrell, Kenny  Search this
Butts, Jimmy, 1917-  Search this
Byrd, Charlie, 1925-  Search this
Calloway, Cab, 1907-  Search this
Camero, Candido, 1921-  Search this
Carbonell, Luis  Search this
Carrington, Terri Lyne  Search this
Carter, Benny, 1907-2003  Search this
Carter, Ron, 1937-  Search this
Casey, Al, 1915-  Search this
Cheatham, Doc, 1905-1997  Search this
Cheatham, Jeannie, 1917-  Search this
Cheatham, Jimmy, 1924-  Search this
Claxton, William  Search this
Cobb, Jimmy, 1929-  Search this
Cohen, Martin, 1939-  Search this
Collins, John, 1913-  Search this
Columbus, Chris, 1902-  Search this
Conover, Willis, 1920-  Search this
Costello, Diosa  Search this
Cruz, Alfredo  Search this
Cruz, Celia, 1920-  Search this
Cugat, Xavier, 1900-  Search this
D'Rivera, Paquito, 1948-  Search this
De Franco, Buddy, 1923-  Search this
DeJohnette, Jack  Search this
Dejan, Harold, 1909-  Search this
Del Puerto, Carlos, 1951-  Search this
Di Novi, Gene, 1928-  Search this
Diaz Ayala, Cristobal  Search this
Donegan, Dorothy, 1922-  Search this
Driggs, Frank, 1930-  Search this
Dudley, Bessie, 1902-  Search this
Edison, Harry, 1915-  Search this
Egũes, Richard, 1923-2006  Search this
Farmer, Art, 1928-  Search this
Favors, Malachi  Search this
Fernandez, Rosita, 1918-2006  Search this
Fernandez, Ruth  Search this
Finegan, Bill, 1917-  Search this
Flynn, Frank (Marimba player)  Search this
Foster, Frank, 1928-  Search this
Fournier, Vernel, 1928-  Search this
Freeman, Von, 1922-  Search this
Fuller, Curtis, 1934-  Search this
Fuller, Gil, 1920-  Search this
Gensel, John  Search this
Gilbert, Peggy  Search this
Golson, Benny  Search this
Gonzalez, Celina  Search this
Goodson, Sadie, 1904-  Search this
Green, Urbie  Search this
Guerrero, Felix, 1916-2001  Search this
Guines, Tata  Search this
Hamilton, Chico, 1921-  Search this
Hampton, Slide  Search this
Harris, Joe  Search this
Harrison, Nelson  Search this
Haynes, Roy, 1926-  Search this
Heath, Jimmy, 1926-  Search this
Heath, Percy, 1923-2005  Search this
Hemphill, Julius, 1938-  Search this
Henderson, Bill, 1930-  Search this
Henderson, Luther  Search this
Hendricks, Jon, 1921-  Search this
Hentoff, Nat  Search this
Hill, Roger, 1928-  Search this
Hinton, Milt, 1910-  Search this
Holman, Bill, 1927-  Search this
Horn, Shirley, 1934-  Search this
Humphries, Roger  Search this
Hutcherson, Bobby  Search this
Jarvis, Jane, 1915-  Search this
Jimenez, Flaco  Search this
Johnson, J.J., 1924-  Search this
Jones, Elvin  Search this
Jones, Hank, 1918-2010  Search this
Jones, Jonah  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Jordan, Kidd, 1935-  Search this
Jordan, Sheila, 1928-  Search this
Keepnews, Orrin, 1923-  Search this
Kimball, Narvin, 1909-  Search this
Klein, Manny, 1908-  Search this
Konitz, Lee  Search this
Lateef, Yusef, 1920-  Search this
Laws, Hubert  Search this
LeGon, Jeni, 1916-  Search this
LeRoy Neiman  Search this
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Levy, John, 1912-2012  Search this
Lewis, Edna, 1907-  Search this
Lewis, Ramsey  Search this
Liebman, Dave  Search this
Lincoln, Abbey, 1930 -  Search this
Liston, Melba  Search this
Livelli, VIncent  Search this
Longoria, Valerio, 1924-200  Search this
Lopez, Israel, 1918-  Search this
Lucie, Lawrence, 1907-  Search this
Lutcher, Nellie, 1912-  Search this
Lynton, Charles, 1904-  Search this
Mandel, Johnny  Search this
Manning, Frank, 1914-  Search this
Marsalis, Delfeayo  Search this
Marsalis, Ellis  Search this
Marsalis, Jason  Search this
McGettigan, Betty  Search this
McIntosh, Tom, 1927-  Search this
McKibbon, Al, 1919-  Search this
McKusick, Hal, 1924-  Search this
McPartland, Marian  Search this
Mendoza, Lydia  Search this
Miller, Eric  Search this
Miller, Norma, 1919-  Search this
Mondello, Toots, 1911-  Search this
Moody, James, 1925-  Search this
Morgenstern, Dan  Search this
Murray, Albert, 1916-  Search this
Myers, Amina  Search this
Nicholas, Fayard, 1918-  Search this
Nicholas, Harold, 1924-  Search this
Norvo, Red, 1908-1999  Search this
O'Brien, Peter F.  Search this
O'Farrill, Chico, 1921-2001  Search this
Owens, Jimmy, 1943-  Search this
Palmier, Remo, 1923-  Search this
Peraza, Armando, 1924-  Search this
Perez, Graciela  Search this
Peterson, Oscar, 1925-  Search this
Puente, Tito  Search this
Pullen, Don, 1941-  Search this
Rachell, Yank  Search this
Ray, Carline, 1925-  Search this
Reed, Leonard, 1907-  Search this
Richards, Red, 1912-  Search this
Rivers, Sam  Search this
Robinson, Charles  Search this
Robinson, Les, 1912-  Search this
Rogers, Shorty, 1924-  Search this
Rollins, Sonny  Search this
Ross, Annie, 1930-  Search this
Royal, Marshall, 1912-  Search this
Rugolo, Pete, 1915-  Search this
Russell, George, 1923-2009  Search this
Rutherford, Rudy  Search this
Sager, Jane, 1914-  Search this
Santamaria, Mongo, 1917-  Search this
Scott, Jimmy  Search this
Settle, Cucell, 1914-  Search this
Shaw, Artie, 1910-2004  Search this
Slyde, Jimmy, 1927-  Search this
Smith, Hale G.  Search this
Smith, Johnny  Search this
Stoll, Jerry, 1923-  Search this
Taylor, Arthur, 1929-  Search this
Taylor, Billy  Search this
Teagarden, Norma, 1911-  Search this
Terry, Clark  Search this
Thielemans, Toots  Search this
Tinney, Al, 1921-  Search this
Toro, Yomo  Search this
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Tyner, McCoy  Search this
Valdes, Bebo, 1918-  Search this
Valdez, Carlos, 1926-  Search this
Valdez, Chucho, 1941-  Search this
Valentin, Val, 1920-  Search this
Valeria, Chuy  Search this
Van Gelder, Rudy  Search this
Van Lake, Turk, 1918-  Search this
Viola, Al, 1919-  Search this
Walton, Cedar, 1934-  Search this
Wein, George  Search this
Wess, Frank, 1922-  Search this
Weston, Randy, 1926-  Search this
White, Andrew, 1942-  Search this
Wilder, Joe, 1922-  Search this
Willcox, Spiegle, 1902-  Search this
Williams, Claude, 1908-2004  Search this
Williams, John, 1905-  Search this
Wilson, Gerald, 1918-  Search this
Wilson, Nancy, 1937-  Search this
Wofford, Mike  Search this
Woods, Phil  Search this
Ybarra, Eva  Search this
Yoshida, George, 1922-  Search this
Young, Al (Saxophinist)  Search this
Young, Lee, 1917-  Search this
Young, Webster, 1932-  Search this
Interviewer:
Baker, Lida  Search this
Bluiett, Hamiett  Search this
Brower, William  Search this
Brown, Anthony  Search this
Burstein, Julie  Search this
Carner, Gary  Search this
Cole, Tom  Search this
Coleman, Steve  Search this
Corporan, Hector  Search this
Crease, Bob  Search this
Dantzler, Russ  Search this
Elie, Lolis  Search this
Fernandez, Raul  Search this
Fochios, Steve  Search this
Frank, Rusty  Search this
Geremia, Paul, 1944-  Search this
Haddix, Chuck  Search this
Harris, Barry  Search this
Holley, Eugene  Search this
Jackson, Reuben  Search this
Jenkins, Willard  Search this
Kimery, Kennith  Search this
Kirchner, Bill  Search this
Levin, Floyd, 1922-2007  Search this
Lopez, Rene  Search this
McDaniel, Ted  Search this
McDonough, John  Search this
Murphy, Molly  Search this
Newton, James  Search this
O'Meally, Bob  Search this
Ouelette, Dan  Search this
Pelote, Vincent  Search this
Placksin, Sally  Search this
Porter, Lewis  Search this
Pullman, Peter  Search this
Ritz, David  Search this
Rodrique, Jessie  Search this
Schoenberg, Loren  Search this
Schwartz, Scott  Search this
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Sneed, Ann  Search this
Stitt, Katea  Search this
Talbot, Bruce  Search this
Tucker, Sherrie  Search this
Watson, Matt  Search this
White, Michael  Search this
Whitfield, Weslia  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Williams, James  Search this
Wong, Herb  Search this
Yamazaki, Paul  Search this
Zimmerman, James  Search this
Extent:
39 Cubic feet (56 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Compact discs
Sound recordings
Oral history
Audiotapes
Interviews
Date:
1992-2014
Scope and Contents:
Audiotapes, CDs and digital files: an ongoing project to interview and preserve the memories of people important in the jazz world, including jazz musicians, singers, dancers, producers, arrangers, and others. A list of interviewees and interviewers follows.

The following is a list of the individuals who conducted the interviews.

1. Brown, Anthony

2. Baker, Lida

3. Burstein, Julie

Interviewer

2. Bluiett, Hamiet
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into six series.

Series 1, DAT and CD Original Interview Recordings, 1992-2012

Series 2, Cassette Reference and Master Interview Tapes, 1992-2012

Series 3, Audio CD Reference Copies, 2000-2012

Series 4, Video/CD, 1994-2012

Series 5, Transcripts and Abstracts, 1992-2014

Series 6, Supplemental Documentation, 1992-2012
Biographical / Historical:
The Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program, a project of "America's Jazz Heritage, A Partnership of the Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund and the Smithsonian Institution" initiative was created in 1992. More than 150 in-depth oral history interviews were conducted from 1992 through 2002. The collection was transferred to the Archives Center of the National Museum of American History in 2000. Now part of the National Museum of American History's American Music History Initiatives, the Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program continues to conduct interviews as funding is available.

The Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program was established to document significant jazz musicians, performers, producers, and business associates in their own words and voices. Program staff contacted and worked with potential interviewees to arrange for interviews. Each interview was conducted by a jazz authority and was recorded on digital audiotape by a professional audio engineer. The interviews averaged 6 hours in length and covered a wide range of topics including early years, initial involvement in music, generally, and jazz specifically, as well as experiences in the jazz music world, including relationships to musicians. The original DAT interview tapes were then dubbed to audiocassettes and CD to create protection and access copies. More recent interviews have been recorded using fully digital technology and the interviews are preserved and made availbel as digital files.

A number of the interviews were conducted as part of the Ella Fitzgerald Oral History Project of the Jazz Oral History Program. Funded by the Ella Fitzgerald Charitable Foundation, these interviews focus on the life and work of Ella Fitzgerald. The National Endowments for the Arts Jazz Masters Oral Histories Program continues to support new interviews with NEA Jazz Masters.

For more information about jazz concerts, education, collections, Jazz Appreciation Month, and the Jazz Master orchestra, visit Smithsonian Jazz.
Provenance:
The interviews were made for the Smithsonian Institution under the auspices of the Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program supported by America's Jazz Heritage, funded by the Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund, the Smithsonian Institution, and the National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Masters Oral Histories Program. Additional interviews were conducted with support from the Ella Fitzgerald Charitable Foundation.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must use reference copies.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Release forms exist for most interviews.
Topic:
Dancers  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Compact discs
Sound recordings
Oral history -- 1990-2000
Audiotapes -- 1990-2000
Interviews -- 2000-2010
Interviews -- 1990-2000
Citation:
[Interviewee name] Interview, Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program Collection, 1992-2014, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0808
See more items in:
Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0808
Online Media:

Sam Woodyard Interview

Collection Interviewer:
Hasse, John Edward, 1948-  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Date:
30 May 1988-31 May 1988
General:
Interviewed by Patricia Willard, Sam Woodyard discusses his life and his time in the Ellington Orchestra. Poor sound quality makes it impossible to hear Mr. Woodyard's answers and comments throughout most of the interview.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
No release forms exist. Collection items are available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke Ellington, 1988-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0431, Subseries 1.2
See more items in:
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke ellington
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke ellington / Series 1: Interviews
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0431-ref10

Interviews

Collection Interviewer:
Hasse, John Edward, 1948-  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1988 - 1990
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
No release forms exist. Collection items are available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke Ellington, 1988-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0431, Series 1
See more items in:
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke ellington
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0431-ref12

Tape 1: Leonard Feather Interview

Collection Interviewer:
Hasse, John Edward, 1948-  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Date:
6 October 1990
General:
Leonard Feather Interview, 6 October 1990

RTC 1: Side A Running Time: 30:00

• Discusses first visits in New York. • Born and raised in London; became jazz fan by listening to records. • Met Ellington in Chicago for the first time through Irving Mills' cousin; summer of 1936 Ellington was playing there and Feather went back stage and meant him Ellington's reputation in England when Feather was still living in England --more so than in the United States; more jazz publications in the early 1930s in Europe than in United States. • Feels that Ellington did not gain the save level of acceptance as a great artist in United States because of race. Same issues didn't apply in UK. • First Ellington records- Black and Tan, The Mooch, Creole Love Call • Check and Double Check film Ellington demeaned by being secondary to white Amos and Andy, but at least Ellington got to perform music on screen. • First saw Ellington at Palladium in 1933in London with Ivie Anderson, Snake Hips Tucker --was in awe of the music. • Why did Feather come to the US in 1935? Came on a visit largely because of the music; had met John Hammond; took the ship the Normandy; met many people through John Hammond. • Went on road with Louis Armstrong and experienced Jim Crow America Hired by Ellington in 1942 to do publicity and promotion; became part of the Ellington family. • Black, Brown, and Beige • Ellington and Strayhorn work habits. • Morale problems in Ellington Orchestra circa 1943.

RTC 1: Side B (Note: recording starts at 2:00 minute) Running Time: 28:00

• Morale issues (continued) • Discipline problems. • Ellington put up with problems because he knew what he wanted musically. • Orchestra musicianship and discipline began to fall apart by the end of Ellington's life, particularly after Strayhorn died. • Johnny Hodges unhappiness with the band. • Irving Mills --thoughts and memories by Leonard Feather. • Feather never went to Cotton Club because blacks weren't allowed in the audience. • Many New York jazz clubs were whites only until the early 1940s. • Ellington the pragmatist. • Meeting Helen Oakley (Dance)- produced Ellington small group sessions for Irving Mills and Ellington. • Ellington income sources during --records provided the smaller amount because of poor jazz record sales; composing income subsidized the band. • Strayhorn --met him as part of the Ellington "family"; worked with Strayhorn on a blues piano book for Robbins Music; Strayhorn was a delight and a total genius.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
No release forms exist. Collection items are available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke Ellington, 1988-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke ellington
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke ellington / Series 1: Interviews / 1.1: Leonard Feather Interview
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0431-ref17

Tape 2: Leonard Feather Interview

Collection Interviewer:
Hasse, John Edward, 1948-  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Date:
6 October 1990
General:
Leonard Feather Interview,6 October 1990

RTC 2: Side A Running Time: 30:00

• Strayhorn (continued) • Esquire Stars recording (?) • Ellington and Strayhorn working relationship; why Strayhorn didn't perform as pianist for the orchestra more. • Ellington/Strayhorn - question about composing credits. • Second stint in 1950 --about 1952 with Ellington at Tempo Music and then a small record company with Mercer called Mercer Records; became a friend of Mercer's. • Ellington/Mercer relationship. • Tempo Music Company.

RTC 2: Side B (starts 2:00 minutes in) Running Time: 28:00

•Mercer Records • Irving Townsend/Ellington relationship beginning in 1956. • Feather pieces that ended up in the Ellington Orchestra repertoire. • John Hammond/Ellington relationship. • Ellington as a man of contradictions. • Feather's move to Los Angeles and effect on relationship with Ellington. • Memories of Johnny Hodges leaving the Ellington Orchestra. • Integrating the Ellington Orchestra --1951 Louis Bellson joins. • Norman Granz/Ellington relationship. • Joe Glaser booked Ellington, but an Armstrong man first and forever. • Race as it shaped Ellington's career and music. • Ellington as a significant 20th century musical figure.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
No release forms exist. Collection items are available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke Ellington, 1988-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke ellington
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke ellington / Series 1: Interviews / 1.1: Leonard Feather Interview
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0431-ref20

Tape 3: Leonard Feather Interview

Collection Interviewer:
Hasse, John Edward, 1948-  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Date:
6 October 1990
General:
Leonard Feather Interview, 6 October 1990

RTC 3: Side A Running Time: 20:00

• Feather's opinion of Ellington's portrayal in books, documentaries, and historical record. • Memories of band rehearsals. • Jimmy Hamilton compositions for the band. • Joe Morgan and Ellington. • Ellington and religion --Feather's observations. • Did Ellington open up to anyone? A couple of times let façade down with Feather; probably with Ruth as well, maybe Strayhorn. • Ellington's drinking, heavy during his twenties, much less so as he aged; didn't drink much when Feather knew him. • Did Feather's experience having grown up Jewish influence his attitude toward race? • Making a living as a jazz critic in the late 1930s --not possible, Feather did many other jazz-related jobs like writing music, producing records, publicity, etc. • People influenced by Ellington --just about every major composer to come along since Ellington's heyday.

Tape 3: Side B, Blank
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
No release forms exist. Collection items are available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke Ellington, 1988-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke ellington
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke ellington / Series 1: Interviews / 1.1: Leonard Feather Interview
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0431-ref22

Leonard Feather Interview

Collection Interviewer:
Hasse, John Edward, 1948-  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Date:
6 October 1990
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
No release forms exist. Collection items are available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke Ellington, 1988-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0431, Subseries 1.1
See more items in:
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke ellington
Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke ellington / Series 1: Interviews
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0431-ref9

Willard, Patricia

Collection Creator:
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Fishman, Charles  Search this
Container:
Box 9, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1987-1990
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie
Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie / Series 3: Business Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0979-ref322

Duke Ellington Oral History Project

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Greenlee, Marcia (oral historian)  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Names:
Duke Ellington Orchestra  Search this
Aasland, Benny  Search this
Babs, Alice  Search this
Bell, Aaron  Search this
Bellson, Louis  Search this
Boatwright, Ruth Ellington, 1914-2004  Search this
Bolling, Claude  Search this
Bridgers, Aaron  Search this
Burrell, Kenny  Search this
Carneiro, Luis  Search this
Celley, Al  Search this
Cohen, Oscar  Search this
Cole, Maria  Search this
Cook, John  Search this
Cooper, Buster  Search this
Courtney, Shirley  Search this
Dance, Helen Oakley  Search this
Dance, Stanley  Search this
Davis, Kay  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy, 1919-1996 (musician)  Search this
Granz, Norman  Search this
Hamilton, Jimmy  Search this
Jeffries, Herb  Search this
Jones, Herbie  Search this
Jones, Max  Search this
Kerr, Brooks  Search this
Lamb, John  Search this
Lowe, Arnold "Jim"  Search this
McCuen, Brad  Search this
Roche, Betty  Search this
Sanders, John  Search this
Sherrill, Joya  Search this
Szterenfeld, Alejandro  Search this
Terry, Clark  Search this
Udkoff, Evelyn  Search this
Udkoff, Robert, 1918- (businessman)  Search this
Vono, Caio  Search this
Wein, George  Search this
Woode, James  Search this
Woodman, Britt  Search this
Extent:
15 Cubic feet (22 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Oral history
Interviews
Date:
1989- 1993
Summary:
Thirty-nine oral history interviews created by the Archives Center with Duke Ellington's music and business associates. The interviews cover a range of topics including Ellington as a musician, the significance of race in Ellington's work and life, Ellington and the economics of the music business, Ellington as international cultural figure, and Ellington and the historical record.
Scope and Contents:
Interviews with musicians who performed with Ellington, producers and other business associates, Ellington scholars and fans, and family members documenting personal and musical relationships with Duke Ellington.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in one series.

Series 1, Oral History Tapes, 1989-1993
Biographical / Historical:
The collection was created by the Archives Center to provide research background about the Duke Ellington Orchestra. It complements a growing number of Archives Center collections related to Ellington and American music. The interviewees were asked about their own backgrounds, their personal and musical relationships with Duke, and their assessment of Ellington's strengths and weaknesses and his role in twentieth century American music. The discussions centered on five major themes including Ellington as a musician, the significance of race in Ellington's work and life, Ellington and the economics of the music business, Ellington as international cultural figure, and Ellington and the historical record. Recollections range from approximately the 1940s through the mid 1970s.

The thirty-nine Interviews were conducted by oral historian Marcia Greenlee and former Duke Ellington publicist Patricia Willard with former Ellington music and business associates.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Annual International Conference of the Duke Ellington Study Group Proceedings (AC0385)

Al Celley Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC1240)

Duke Ellington Collection (AC0301)

Edward and Gaye Ellington Collection (AC0704)

Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC0415)

Carter Harman Collection of Interviews with Duke Ellington (AC0422)

New York Chapter of the Duke Ellington Society Collection (AC0390)

William Russo Transcription and Arrangement of Duke Ellington's First Concert of Sacred Music (AC0406)

Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection (AC0491)
Provenance:
Collection created by the National Museum of American History, 1989-1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the master tapes are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Copyright and commercial use restrictions. Contact Archives Center staff for information.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Jazz musicians -- Interviews -- 1989-1991 -- United States  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Oral history -- 1980-2000
Interviews -- 1980-2000
Citation:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0368
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0368

Oral History Tapes

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Greenlee, Marcia (oral historian)  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1989 - 1993
Scope and Contents:
Original interviews recorded on audio cassette. Masters created on open reel audiotape. Reference copies are on audio cassette.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the master tapes are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and commercial use restrictions. Contact Archives Center staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0368, Series 1
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0368-ref10

Aasland, Benny

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Greenlee, Marcia (oral historian)  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Extent:
6 Sound cassettes
Container:
Box 50-B (Original)
Box 23 (Master)
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound cassettes
Date:
1989 August 20-21
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the master tapes are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and commercial use restrictions. Contact Archives Center staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project
Duke Ellington Oral History Project / Series 1: Oral History Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0368-ref11

Babs, Alice

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Greenlee, Marcia (oral historian)  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Extent:
4 Sound cassettes
Container:
Box 51-A (Original)
Box 24 (Master)
Box 2 (Reference)
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound cassettes
Date:
1990 April 9 and 11
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the master tapes are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and commercial use restrictions. Contact Archives Center staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project
Duke Ellington Oral History Project / Series 1: Oral History Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0368-ref12

Bell, Aaron

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Greenlee, Marcia (oral historian)  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Extent:
3 Sound cassettes
Container:
Box 24 (Master)
Box 52-A (Original)
Box 3 (Reference)
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound cassettes
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the master tapes are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and commercial use restrictions. Contact Archives Center staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project
Duke Ellington Oral History Project / Series 1: Oral History Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0368-ref13

Bellson, Louie

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Greenlee, Marcia (oral historian)  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Extent:
4 Sound cassettes
Container:
Box 25 (Master)
Box 3 (Reference)
Box 52-A (Original)
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound cassettes
Date:
1989 November 24
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the master tapes are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and commercial use restrictions. Contact Archives Center staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project
Duke Ellington Oral History Project / Series 1: Oral History Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0368-ref14

Bolling, Claude

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Greenlee, Marcia (oral historian)  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Extent:
3 Sound cassettes
Container:
Box 25 (Master)
Box 4 (Reference)
Box 51-A (Original)
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound cassettes
Date:
1990 April 5
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the master tapes are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and commercial use restrictions. Contact Archives Center staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project
Duke Ellington Oral History Project / Series 1: Oral History Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0368-ref15

Bridgers, Aaron

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Greenlee, Marcia (oral historian)  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Extent:
4 Sound cassettes
Container:
Box 26 (Master)
Box 4 (Reference)
Box 53-B (Original)
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound cassettes
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the master tapes are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and commercial use restrictions. Contact Archives Center staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project
Duke Ellington Oral History Project / Series 1: Oral History Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0368-ref16

Burrell, Kenny

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Greenlee, Marcia (oral historian)  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Extent:
6 Sound cassettes
Container:
Box 51-B (Original)
Box 27 (Master)
Box 5 (Reference)
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound cassettes
Date:
1991 March 8
Scope and Contents:
Restricted. Contact Archives Center staff for information.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the master tapes are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and commercial use restrictions. Contact Archives Center staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project
Duke Ellington Oral History Project / Series 1: Oral History Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0368-ref17

Celley, Al

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Greenlee, Marcia (oral historian)  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Extent:
5 Sound cassettes
Container:
Box 50-A (Original)
Box 28 (Master)
Box 6 (Reference)
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound cassettes
Date:
1989 July 12
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the master tapes are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and commercial use restrictions. Contact Archives Center staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project
Duke Ellington Oral History Project / Series 1: Oral History Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0368-ref18

Carneiro, Luis Orlando

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Greenlee, Marcia (oral historian)  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound cassette
Container:
Box 50-A (Original)
Box 28 (Master)
Box 5 (Reference)
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound cassettes
Date:
1989 September 19
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the master tapes are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and commercial use restrictions. Contact Archives Center staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project
Duke Ellington Oral History Project / Series 1: Oral History Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0368-ref19

Cohen, Oscar

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Greenlee, Marcia (oral historian)  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound cassette
Container:
Box 50-A (Original)
Box 6 (Reference)
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound cassettes
Date:
1992 June 17
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the master tapes are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and commercial use restrictions. Contact Archives Center staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project
Duke Ellington Oral History Project / Series 1: Oral History Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0368-ref20

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