Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
11 documents - page 1 of 1

Interview with Marina Willard

Creator:
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Lynes, Russell, 1910-1991  Search this
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
1971 November 24
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16026
See more items in:
Russell Lynes papers, 1930-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16026

Oral history interview with Marian Willard Johnson, 1969 June 3

Interviewee:
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-1997  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12811
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212750
AAA_collcode_willar69
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212750

David Smith papers

Creator:
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Names:
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Cherry, Herman  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-2010  Search this
Rickey, George  Search this
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Extent:
6 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1926-1965
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; sketchbooks; sketches; scrapbooks; exhibition catalogs; photographs; business records; and printed material.
Correspondence, mostly routine business dealing with exhibitions, sales, purchases of equipment, and other business matters, and from family and friends in the art world, including Alexander Calder, Herman Cherry, Robert M. Coates, Helen Frankenthaler, Clement Greenberg, Robert Motherwell, Kenneth Noland, George Rickey, Marian Willard and others; sketchbooks, sketches, and notebook, annotated and relating to his sculptural work, 1930s-1940s; lectures, speeches, and writings; an 18 page transcript of an interview of Smith conducted by Thomas Hess, June 1964; photographs, mostly small snapshots of Smith's work, often annotated with descriptive information; scrapbook materials; articles; exhibition catalogs and announcements; and publications.
Biographical / Historical:
David Smith (1906-1965) was a sculptor from Bolton Landing, N.Y. Began his career as a painter. Studied at Art Students League. Married artist Dorothy Dehner. Was one of the first sculptors to develop a uniquely American abstract style. Worked in monumental style, incorporating painted metal and welding techniques into his work. Smith died in an automobile accident in May 1965.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming by Rebecca and Candida Smith.
Restrictions:
ACCESS RESTRICTED; written permission required.
Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- Bolton Landing  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Sculpture, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.smitdavp
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smitdavp

Ralph M. Rosenborg papers

Creator:
Rosenborg, Ralph M., 1913-1992  Search this
Names:
Pereira, I. Rice (Irene Rice), 1902-1971  Search this
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Interviewer:
Roberts, Colette, 1910-  Search this
Roberts, Sam  Search this
Sandler, Irving, 1925-  Search this
Extent:
1.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1935-1991
Scope and Contents:
Untranscribed interviews and recordings; four albums of photographs of Rosenborg's paintings, 1938-1980; and 9 scrapbooks, 1935-1991, containing clippings, letters, publicity, and photographs of Rosenborg.
The interviews of Rosenborg include: one conducted by Colette Roberts in 1968 for her "Meet the Artist" class taught a NYU (1 tape); one conducted by Irving Sandler in 1968 (3 tapes); and one conducted by Sam Roberts in 1967 concerning Rosenborg's European travels during 1966 (7 tapes and 3 duplicates). Also included are two tapes recorded in 1968 of Rosenborg reading a letter he wrote to his dealer Marian Willard; two tapes recorded in 1968 of Rosenborg reading letters that he wrote in 1966 to William Nyland from Europe; and two tapes of artist and poet Irene Rice Pereira reading her poetry.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; New York, N.Y. Birthdate also cited as 1910.
Provenance:
Donated by Ralph and Margaret Rosenborg, 1992.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.roseralm
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-roseralm

University of Michigan Museum of Art records

Creator:
University of Michigan. Museum of Art  Search this
Names:
Willard Gallery  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot ((on 3 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1855-1972
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; donor files; inventories; and printed material relating to the Museum's collection and exhibitions.
REELS 566-567: Correspondence relating to the museum's collections, particularly to the Albert M. Todd Collection, the Henry C. Lewis Collection, photography acquisitions, Randolph Roger's sculpture, and WPA prints loaned to the museum; files on 96 donors; manuscripts and notes for a history of Michigan museums and collections; an inventory of works in the museum and of works in the College of Architecture; proceedings of the University of Michigan Regents relating to exhibitions; six exhibition catalogs, 1857-1906; and typed extracts from the Michigan Alumnus.
REEL 74: Photocopies of correspondence, 1948-1962, regarding the Museum's purchase and later repair of David Smith's sculpture "Tahstvant." Correspondence is between Jean Paul Slusser, director, and Marian Willard of the Willard Gallery regarding the purchase of the sculpture and drawing, and between Slusser and Smith regarding its repair from damage which occurred in 1960. Also included are a photograph of the sculpture, a shipping invoice, and damage, publication and exhibition reports.
Other Title:
David Smith (microfilm title)
Provenance:
Material on reel 74 donated 1970; material on reels 566-567 lent for microfilming 1973 all by the University of Michigan, Museum of Art.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Function:
Art museums, University and college -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor
Identifier:
AAA.univmich
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-univmich

Lee Gatch papers

Creator:
Gatch, Lee, 1902-1968  Search this
Names:
World House Galleries  Search this
Driggs, Elsie, 1898-1992  Search this
Kahn, Max  Search this
Kuh, Katharine  Search this
Mumford, Lewis, 1895-1990  Search this
Neumann, J. B. (Jsrael Ber)  Search this
Phillips, Duncan, 1886-1966  Search this
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot ((partially microfilmed on 5 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1925-1979
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, notebooks, writings, photographs, catalogs and other publications.
REEL D160: Letters from Gatch's dealer J.B. Neumann, detailing his financial difficulties, Marian Willard of Willard Gallery, collector Duncan Phillips, who discusses a catalog he is writing on Gatch, and painter and collector Max Kahn; photographs of Gatch, ca. 1934; a commonplace book, 1925-1937, which also includes food recipes and an inventory of Gatch's paintings; clippings; and catalogs.
REEL NLG-1: Mainly correspondence with Phillip Bruno of World House Galleries concerning the pricing and delivery of paintings. Gatch comments specifically on "Veronica's Veil" and "Gothic Night." Also included are social notes from Elsie Driggs Gatch to Josephine Bruno, playbills from performances of Merriman Gatch, clippings, and photographs.
REEL N69-137: an autobiographical sketch; letters, 1934-1965, from Lewis Mumford, Katharine Kuh, and others, commending his work, from J.B. Neumann and Duncan Phillips, discussing sales of his painting, and from Max Kahn, commenting generally on art matters; brief essays by Gatch on his paintings "Jurassic Frieze" and "World's End," and the development of his painting; a book of poems inscribed by the author, Power Dalton; and catalogs.
REEL 1: Letters to Elsie Driggs, 1934-1935, commenting on his art theories, his plans for Yaddo, and his financial situation; an exchange between Gatch and Bruno, commenting on his use of texture; one letter from Duncan Phillips, discussing an article he is preparing on Gatch. Also, a typescript comment by Gatch on the aim of his art, a certificate from the New York Institute of Mechanics, 1941, and a National Institute of Arts and Letters citation, 1965.
REEL 2812: 36 photographs of Gatch, his homes, and studios, ca. 1927-1963; 3 exhibition catalogs; and a letter, February 8, 1979, from Robert J. Koenig to Merriman Gatch regarding "The Acrobats" by her father.
UNMICROFILMED: Photographs, printed material, several letters, a student notebook, and memorabilia.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Donated 1963-1979 by Gatch and his wife Elsie Driggs Gatch, except for material on reel NLG-1, which was lent for microfilming, as well as portions of the unmicrofilmed material, which were donated 1971 by Mrs. Leonard Strauss (6 snapshots), who was working on a master's thesis on Gatch, and by Gatch's sister, Sister Mary Rachel Gatch (2 letters, and printed material).
Occupation:
Art dealers  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York
Identifier:
AAA.gatcleep
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gatcleep

Arthur L. and Joyce Lyon Dahl papers

Creator:
Dahl, Arthur L., 1942-  Search this
Dahl, Joyce Lyon  Search this
Names:
Barnett, Arthur  Search this
Guérin, Jacques  Search this
Hallsten, Pehr, d. 1965  Search this
Johnson, Dan Rhodes  Search this
Malraux, André, 1901-1976  Search this
Mathieu, Georges, 1921  Search this
Seitz, William Chapin  Search this
Seligman, Otto D., 1890-1966  Search this
Speyer, Darthea  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Wummer, John  Search this
Extent:
3.6 Linear feet ((microfilmed on 7 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1926-1988
Scope and Contents:
Letters; photographs; writings; sketches; financial records; a scrapbook; a phonograph album; exhibition announcements and clippings mainly relating to Mark Tobey.
REEL 3829: Six letters to Dahl from Mark Tobey; a letter from Jermayne MacAgy requesting Tobey's painting "Autobiography" for an exhibit and Dahl's response; a letter from the Whitney Museum of Art regarding a Tobey painting; and a letter from the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahai's of the U.S. regarding a Tobey exhibit. Also included is a phonograph album, 1959, of a Tobey musical composition "Suite for Flute," performed by John Wummer, inscribed on the jacket "To Mark Tobey, composer - Marion - 12/59."
REELS 1785-1788: Correspondence; writings on Tobey; three sketches by Tobey; financial records relating to the sale of art works; organizational records of the Pacific Northwest Arts Center; exhibition announcements and catalogs; clippings; a scrapbook; and 13 photographs. Among the correspondents are Tobey, Pehr Hallsten, art dealers Otto D. Seligman, Dan Rhodes Johnson, and Marian Willard Johnson, museum curator William C. Seitz, and Tobey's attorney Arthur Barnett.
REEL 1819: Photographs of two retrospective exhibitions of Mark Tobey's paintings at the Musee des Arts Decoratifs, Louvre, Paris, 1961, and at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1962. Included are installation shots and photographs of Tobey, Pehr Hallsten, William C. Seitz, Joyce Lyon Dahl, Andre Malraux, Georges Mathieu, Otto Seligman, Darthea Speyer, Arthur Barnett, Marian Willard Johnson, and Jacques Guerin.
REEL 4909(fr. 972-980): Two letters 1971 & 1975, from Arthur Barnett to Arthur Dahl regarding Tobey; a black and white photograph taken by Arthur Dahl of Mark Tobey having tea with friends, including Joyce Dahl, on the occassion of his retrospective at the Louvre, 1961; and a snapshot of Dahl, his wife, Tobey, Pehr, and others taken at the home of George and Lucile Herbert.
Biographical / Historical:
Art collectors; Pebble Beach and San Francisco, California. The Dahls became close friends with Mark Tobey (1892-1976) through their involvement in the Baha'i World Faith and corresponded regularly with him.
Provenance:
Donated 1977-1986 by Arthur and Joyce Lyon Dahl.
The second movement of Mark Tobey's composition, "Suite for Flute," was used on the sound track of "Mark Tobey," a 20-minute experimental film made in Seattle in 1952 by Robert Gardner. In 1959, Marian Willard Johnson, on the occasion of Tobey's birthday, engaged John Wummer to record this work privately. The record contained within this set of papers is the one she gave to Mark Tobey. Tobey gave the record to Dahl sometime before moving to Switzerland in 1960.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Topic:
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Artists and patrons -- France -- Paris  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.dahlarth
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dahlarth

Oral history interview with Marian Willard Johnson

Creator:
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Extent:
66 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Date:
1969 June 3
Scope and Contents:
Interview of Marian Willard Johnson conducted by Paul Cummings for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Marian Willard Johnson (1904- ) was an art dealer in New York, New York. Operated the Willard Gallery. Married Dan R. Johnson.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Use requires an appointment.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.willar69
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-willar69

Willard Gallery records

Creator:
Willard Gallery  Search this
Names:
Neumann-Willard Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Dehner, Dorothy, 1901-1994  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1940-1956
Summary:
The records of New York Willard Gallery measure 0.6 linear feet and date from circa 1940 to 1956. The collection relates to artist David Smith and includes printed materials regarding exhibitions, artist statements, a set of notecards containing detailed information on artworks by Smith, and correspondence between Smith, Marian Willard, and Smith's wife Dorothy Dehner, and with galleries and clients concerning exhibitions, loans, and sales.
Scope and Contents:
The records of New York Willard Gallery measure 0.6 linear feet and date from circa 1940 to 1956. The collection relates to artist David Smith and includes printed materials regarding exhibitions, artist statements, a set of notecards containing detailed information on artworks by Smith, and correspondence between Smith, Marian Willard, and Smith's wife Dorothy Dehner, and with galleries and clients concerning exhibitions, loans, and sales.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as one series.

Series 1: Willard Gallery Records Relating to David Smith, circa 1940-1956 (Boxes 1-2; 0.6 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Willard Gallery was established as the East River Gallery in New York, New York, by Marian Willard in 1936. The gallery exhibited the works of artists including Sylvia Braverman, Alexander Calder, Lyonel Feininger, Loren MacIver, David Hayes, Ezio Martinelli, Louis Schanker, David Smith, and Mark Tobey. In 1938, the gallery's name was changed to the Neumann-Willard Gallery; it later became the Willard Gallery after Willard's marriage to Dan Johnson. Willard and Johnson ran the gallery until their retirement in 1970, at which point their daughter Miani Johnson took over operations until the gallery's closure in 1987.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming on reels NWI-1, NLG-1, N69-114, N69-116-N69-118, and 822. Reel NWI-1 contains four notebooks dated 1936-1959, with reproductions of works by Morris Graves, and three notebooks dated 1917-1959, with reproductions of works by Mark Tobey. Reel NLG-1 includes correspondence between Gatch and Marian Willard, concerning Gatch's business relations with dealer J. B. Neumann, exhibitions and sales. Also included are clippings and biographical notes. Reels N69-114 and N69-116 contain scrapbooks, 1936-1969, including clippings, catalogs, photographs and occasional correspondence documenting Marian Willard's founding in 1936 of the East River Gallery, later (1938) the Neumann-Willard Gallery; her introduction of rental art, an innovation in the American art trade, and gallery exhibitions of various artists. Considerable exhibition and critical material for artists regularly shown by the Gallery is included: Lyonel Feininger, David Smith, Loren MacIver, David Hayes, Mark Tobey, Ezio Martinelli and Louis Schanker. Also included letters one from Lyonel Feininger, Lewis Mumford and Archibald MacLeish, congratulating Miss Willard on the Gallery's opening. Reels N69-116-N69-118 contain scrapbooks, 1928-1969, containing photographs, exhibition catalogs, critical articles, incidental correspondence, and price lists for the following artists: Juan Luis Bunuel, Sylvia Braverman, Leo Kenney, Thomas Stearns, Lenore Tawney, Morris Graves, David Hayes, Genichiro Inokuma, Tadashi Sato, Richard Lippold, Philip McCracken, Charles Seliger, and Mark Tobey. Reel 822 contains a scrapbook of the Willard Gallery, 1972 and a scrapbook containing clippings and announcements about Ann Wilson, 1972, and about William Pettet, 1973.

Loaned materials were returned to the donor and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Willard Gallery records were lent for microfilming from 1959-1974. Records relating to David Smith were donated in 1966 and 1974 by Marian Willard.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Women art dealers  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York
Citation:
Willard Gallery records, circa 1940-1956. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.willagall
See more items in:
Willard Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-willagall

Mark Tobey papers

Creator:
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Names:
Willard Gallery  Search this
Ashton, Dore  Search this
Dahl, Arthur L., 1942-  Search this
Elmhirst, Dorothy Payne Whitney Straight  Search this
Feininger, Lyonel, 1871-1956  Search this
Hallsten, Pehr, d. 1965  Search this
Hauberg, Anne Gould  Search this
Hauberg, John H. (John Henry), 1916-  Search this
Hillman, Kay  Search this
Holty, Carl, 1900-1973  Search this
Leach, Bernard, 1887-1979  Search this
Ritter, Mark  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Seliger, Charles, 1926-2009  Search this
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Extent:
11 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
[ca. 1920]-1977
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material; correspondence; financial records; Baha'i material; music; writings; art works; printed material; and photographs.
Biographical material includes diaries with sporadic entries, undated and 1958-1959; address books; membership cards, and honorary titles. Correspondents include Stephen Andrus, Dore Ashton, Arthur G. Barnett, John and Betty Bowen, Adelyn Breeskin, Cliffa Carson (niece), Thomas A. Chew, Lillian Clark, Paul Cummings, Arthur Dahl, Shoghi B. Effendi, Dorothy Elmhirst, Claire Falkenstein, Lyonel Feininger, Janet Flanner, John Ford,Miriam Gabo, Colin Graham, Pehr Hallsten, Pamela Harkins, Nina Harwood, John and Anne Hauberg, Kay Hillman, Joseph Hirshhorn, David Hofman, Carl Holty, Herbert Hoover, Leroy and Silvia Ioas, Berthe P. and Claire Jacobson, Nina Kandinsky, Helen Kendall, Carolyn Kizer, Katharine Kuh,Rene Lauby, Bernard Leach, Gerald Lieberman, Andre Masson, Marjory Masten, George Mathieu, N. Richard Miller, Joan Miro, Axel Mondell, Alfred Neumeyer, Ben Nicholson, Vincent Price, Mark Ritter, Diego Rivera, Nancy W. Ross, John Russell, Henry Seldis, Charles Seliger, Otto Seligman, Art Smith, James Speyer, Michel Tapie, Miriam Terry, Roland Terry, Juliet Thompson, Kenneth Tyler, Charmion Von Wiegand, Heloise Wardall, Ulfert Wilke, and Marian Willard of the Willard Gallery.
Also found are: notes taken while studying French; financial, legal and medical records; material relating to Baha'i, including credential for Tobey for the Baha'i World Congress, 1963, class notes, photographs, prayer books, and printed material; music, including sheet music by Tobey, recital program, and music by Harold Budd, John Sundsten,and Debussey; writings and poetry by Tobey and Dahl; writings on Tobey; a transcript of an interview of Tobey conducted by William Seitz; sketches and sketchbooks by Tobey and by others, including Bernard Leach; printed material on Tobey, including reproductions of work, exhibition catalogs and announcements, magazine articles, and clippings; and printed material on others, including Hallsten, Leach, Seliger, Feininger, Abraham Walkowitz, Alberto Burri, and Jules Pascin.
Also included are photographs of: Tobey, Tobey with family and friends, exhibition installations, works of art, an album containing photos, sketches and notes, ca. 1920-1950, an album of photos of Tobey's Seattle studio taken after his death by Kenneth Tomlinson, 1976, and miscellaneous photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; Abstract Expressionist. Also worked as fashion illustrator, portrait painter. Born in Wisconsin, December 11, 1892. Died 1976. Worked in Chicago, Seattle, Basel, Switzerland; New York, N.Y., Dartington Hall, Devonshire, England, and Paris. Convert to Baha'i religion.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1984 by the Seattle Art Museum.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- History  Search this
Bahai Faith  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.tobemark2
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tobemark2

Perry Townsend Rathbone papers

Creator:
Rathbone, Perry Townsend, 1911-2000  Search this
Names:
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Christie, Manson & Woods International Inc.  Search this
City Art Museum of St. Louis  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
Beckmann, Max, 1884-1950  Search this
Faison, S. Lane (Samson Lane), 1907-2006  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier, 1898-1993  Search this
Howe, Thomas Carr, 1904-1994  Search this
Moore, Lamont  Search this
Parkhurst, Charles  Search this
Ritchie, Andrew Carnduff  Search this
Sabersky, Jane, 1911-1983  Search this
Stout, George L. (George Leslie)  Search this
Swarzenski, Hanns, 1903-1985  Search this
Valentin, Curt, 1902-1954  Search this
Valentiner, Wilhelm Reinhold, 1880-1958  Search this
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Wittmann, Otto, 1911-2001  Search this
Extent:
4.3 Linear feet (5 boxes, 1 OV)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Transcripts
Photographs
Interviews
Date:
1929-1985
Summary:
The papers of museum director Perry Townsend Rathbone measure 4.3 linear feet and date from 1929 to 1985. The papers document Rathbone's career as museum director of the City Art Museum of St. Louis and the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and his later work with Christie's New York office. Found within the papers are biographical materials, correspondence with friends and colleagues, writings, professional and project files, printed materials, and photographs, mostly of exhibitions.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of museum director Perry Townsend Rathbone measure 4.3 linear feet and date from 1929 to 1985. The papers document Rathbone's career as museum director of the City Art Museum of St. Louis and the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and his later work with Christie's New York office. Found within the papers are biographical materials, correspondence with friends and colleagues, writings, professional and project files, printed materials, and photographs, mostly of exhibitions.

Biographical materials contain curriculum vitae, biographical sketches, citations for honorary degrees and for Rathbone's appointment as Chevalier of the French Legion of Honor, a passport, a transcript of an interview with Rathbone and articles written by others about Rathbone, including one by S. Lane Faison.

Correspondence is with Rathbone's friends and colleagues. Notable correspondents include Max Beckmann, Xavier Gonzalez, Hanns Swarzenski, Curt Valentin, Jane Sabersky, William R. Valentiner, and Marian Willard, among others. Rathbone knew several art historians and conservators who served in the U.S. Army as members of the Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section, also known as the Monuments Men. Correspondence with these colleagues is arranged together as a subseries and includes correspondence with S. Lane Faison, Thomas Carr Howe, Lamont Moore, Charles Parkhurst, Andrew Ritchie, George Leslie Stout, and Otto Wittman. Most of the correspondence with other Monuments Men is post World War II.

Writings by Rathbone consist of student papers, typescript drafts of articles and entries for exhibition catalogs, notes and notebooks from European trips, and lectures.

Professional files encompass a range of documents related to Rathbone's museum directorships, projects, travels and professional affiliations. The folders about his work at the City Art Museum of St. Louis and the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston include correspondence, reports, meeting minutes, press releases and notes. There are also folders on specific projects such as the renovation of the historic Dederer-Blodgett House and Rathbone's membership on various art commissions and committees. Also found within this series are correspondence, notebooks, receipts, itineraries and vouchers for Rathbone's business trips to Europe and other locations while working for the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.

Printed materials include news clippings, articles, press releases, a few art magazines and exhibition catalogues, and invitations to events. There are also black and white photographs of exhibitions, including a Max Beckmann exhibit, and a few images of Rathbone.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1930-1982 (0.1 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1940-1985 (1.1 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 3: Writings, 1929-1967 (0.8 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 4: Professional Files, 1938-1984 (2 linear feet; Box 2-4, OV 6)

Series 5: Printed Materials, 1954-1975 (0.2 linear feet; Box 4-5, OV 6)

Series 6: Photographs, 1936-1972 (0.1 linear feet; Box 5)
Biographical / Historical:
Perry Townsend Rathbone (1911-2000) was a prominent museum director who worked primarily in Boston and New York City. He was an early supporter of German Expressionism in America.

Rathbone was director of the City Art Museum of St. Louis from 1940-1955, moving on to direct the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston from 1954-1972, where he led a period of extensive reform. After retiring from the museum, he worked for one year for the Chase Manhattan Bank as an art consultant. Rathbone worked as director and senior vice president of Christies USA auction house from 1973-1987. After 1987, he continued working at Christies as a consultant.

Rathbone was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania on July 3, 1911 and grew up in New Rochelle, New York. He attended Harvard College, majoring in Art History and graduating in 1933. He then completed the graduate "museum course" taught by Professor Paul Sachs in 1934. The Paul Sachs museum course was famous for cultivating future directors at some of this country's most prestigious museums. After Harvard, Rathbone was appointed as curator of Alger House (later renamed the Grosse Pointe War Memorial), a branch of the Detroit Institute of Arts. Rathbone directed the ''Masterpieces of Art'' exhibit at the 1939 New York World's Fair. The success of the exhibit led to his appointment as director of the City Art Museum of St. Louis, Missouri in 1940 at the age of 29, making him the youngest American museum director at the time.

During World War II, Rathbone served in the U.S. Navy from late 1942-1945. He was a commissioned officer in charge of the Navy Art and Poster Section, Office of Public Relations in Washington, D.C. He supervised five Navy "combat artists," who painted naval battles and depicted the daily lives of soldiers. He also served as an officer in New Calcedonia. He separated from service as a Lieutenant Commander in late 1945. This collection does not contain records directly related to his military service. In 1945 Rathbone married Euretta de Cosson while on leave in Washington, D.C. They had three children together: Peter, Eliza, and Belinda.

Rathbone resumed his position as the director of the City Art Museum of St. Louis after the war. The Detroit Institute of Arts director William R. Valentiner introduced Rathbone to German Expressionism. Rathbone helped the German Expressionist painter Max Beckmann, labeled a ''degenerate artist'' by Hitler, and his wife immigrate to America and then arranged a teaching position for Beckmann at Washington University. Rathbone and Beckmann became close, and in 1948, Rathbone organized a Beckmann retrospective at the City Art Museum. Beckmann made a portrait of Rathbone and one of his wife Euretta. Rathbone gave the eulogy at Beckmann's funeral in 1950.

In 1955 Rathbone became the director of the Museum of Fine Arts (MFA) in Boston. During his tenure there he expanded the museum by 80,000 square feet, doubled the staff, and oversaw the renovations of 57 of the Museum's 189 galleries. He mounted exhibitions of Rembrandt, Matisse, Modigliani, Cezanne, van Gogh and Courbet. The Boston Museum's first acquisitions of Pablo Picasso, Alexander Calder, Constantine Brancusi, Paul Klee, Alberto Giacometti and other works by 20th-century artists occurred under Rathbone's directorship. Rathbone also served as curator of paintings and wrote the catalog essays for many of the museum's exhibitions. Working with Frances Weeks Hallowell, he established the first "Ladies Committee" for the museum, which substantially increased membership. He was appointed as Chevalier de Légion d'Honneur by the French government in 1964.

In 1969, the Museum of Fine Arts purchased what was believed to be a Raphael portrait of Eleonora Gonzaga, 1505, from a Genoa art dealer. The work was meant to be the highlight of the museum's centennial celebration. However controversy arose when the Italian government alleged that the work was smuggled out of the country and the museum was forced to return the painting to the Italian government. The situation caused Rathbone to resign in 1972.

At the request of David Rockefeller, Rathbone became an art consultant to Chase Manhattan Bank for one year. In 1973, he became director of Christie's auction house in New York and senior vice president in 1977, working there until 1987, when he retired but still worked as a consultant.

Perry Townsend Rathbone died on January 22, 2000 at the age of 88.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds an oral history interview of Perry Townsend Rathbone conducted in 1975-1976 by Paul Cummings for the Archives of American Art's oral history program.
Provenance:
Perry Townsend Rathbone donated his paper to the Archives of American Art in 1977 and 1988.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Museum directors -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Photographs
Interviews
Citation:
Perry Townsend Rathbone papers, 1929-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.rathperr
See more items in:
Perry Townsend Rathbone papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rathperr
Online Media:

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By
  • Archives of American Art