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John Pye papers

Pye, John  Search this
Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923  Search this
Pye, John  Search this
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962  Search this
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972  Search this
Wilbur, Curtis Dwight, 1867-1954  Search this
1.54 Linear feet (3 boxes)
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
The John Pye papers, dating from 1911 to 1979 and measuring .73 linear feet, document the career of White House chauffeur and butler John Pye. The collection is composed of correspondence, clippings, invitations, photographs, and a book.
Scope and Contents:
The John Pye papers, which date from 1911 to 1979, document the personal and professional life of John Pye. The collection contains material related to his employment at the Elks Club in Washington, D.C., as the chauffeur for the Secretary of the Navy, at the United States Post Office, and as a valet, messenger, chauffeur, and butler in the the White House from 1913-1952. Very notable are correspondence and event invitations from the Truman and Roosevelt administrations. The papers include letters, certificates, newspaper clippings, invitations, photographic prints, photographs, and a book on President Harry S. Truman by his daughter Margaret Truman.

The collection is organized into four series: Series 1: Biographical, Series 2: Correspondence, Series 3: Career, Series 4: Miscellaneous, and Series 5: Photographs.

Series 1: Biographical, 1925-1979, undated, consists of newspaper clippings and writings detailing the personal and professional life of John Pye.

Series 2: Correspondence, 1911-1966, undated, consists of letters of recommendation for Pye, invitations, and other correspondence from his employment at the White House.

Series 3: Career, 1944-1952, undated, consists of lists of White House Luncheon attendees, a certificate recognizing Pye's WWII civilian service, and a signed broadsheet commemorating his retirement from the White House.

Series 4: Miscellaneous, 1938-1947, consists of news transcripts and clippings. Some discuss the advancement of African Americans into formerly white-dominated professions.

Series 5: Photographs, circa 1920-circa 1965, undated, consists of photographs from John Pye's work and private life. Some photographs are inscribed portrait photos of Pye's employers, including Presidents Harding, Roosevelt, and Truman.
The John Pye papers are arranged by material type. Series 1 through 4 are housed in Box 1 and contain correspondence, clippings, and a book. Boxes 2 and 3 contain photographs. Box 2 contains loose photographs and Box 3 contains framed and oversized photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
John Pye, 1888- , moved from Newburg, Maryland, to Washington, DC, in 1900. His first documented employment was with the Elks Club. In 1916 he became a chauffeur for Josephus Daniels, Secretary of the Navy, and in 1920, he worked for the Post Office. He occasionally acted as a chauffeur for Franklin D. Roosevelt, then Assistant Secretary of the Navy. In 1933, upon Roosevelt's ascent to the presidency, Pye was brought on as a White House employee. Pye worked as a valet, messenger, chauffeur, butler, and occasional cook in the White House from 1913 to 1952. After his retirement, he continued to supervise select events at the White House and other elite DC-area institutions.

Pye lived in Northeast DC during his career. In later life he moved to Gainesville, Virginia, with his wife Thelma.
The John Pye papers were donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in 2003 by Ethel L. Pye.
The John Pye papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment:
Politicians -- United States  Search this
African American men  Search this
African Americans -- Employment  Search this
African Americans -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Photographic prints
John Pye papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Ethel L. Pye.
See more items in:
John Pye papers
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
Online Media:

President Calvin Coolidge and First Lady Grace Coolidge at the Christening of Dirigible "U.S.S. Los Angeles."

Coolidge, Calvin 1872-1933  Search this
Coolidge, Grace Goodhue 1879-1957  Search this
Wilbur, Olive Doolittle 1867-1942  Search this
Wilbur, Curtis Dwight 1867-1954  Search this
Moffett, William A (William Adger) 1869-1933  Search this
Andrews, Adolphus 1879-1948  Search this
U.S.S. Los Angeles (Airship)  Search this
United States Navy  Search this
United States President  Search this
United States Army Air Service  Search this
Physical description:
Photographic prints; 3 x 4.5
Black-and-white photographs
Bolling Field (Washington, D.C.)
November 25, 1924
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2017-003782]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

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