The papers of painter and illustrator W. Langdon Kihn measure approximately 8.5 linear feet and date from 1904-1990, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1904-1957. Papers document Kihn's career and travels associated with his interests in documenting the native American tribal nations of the United States and Canada in portraiture and writings. Found here are biographical materials, voluminous correspondence, memoirs and writings, one travel diary, printed material, financial records, three sketchbooks, sketches, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter and illustrator W. Langdon Kihn measure approximately 8.5 linear feet and date from 1904-1990, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1904-1957. Papers document Kihn's career and travels associated with his interests in documenting the native American tribal nations of the United States and Canada in portraiture and writings. Found here are biographical material, voluminous correspondence, memoirs and writings, one travel diary, printed material, financial records, three sketchbooks, sketches, and photographs.
Biographical materials include address books, membership cards, exhibition and price lists, legal and travel documents, as well as biographical notes. Additional biographical sketches are found in the Writings and Notes series.
Correspondence is the largest series in the collection, almost half of the papers. In addition to letters to W. Langdon Kihn, this series include both originals and drafts of his outgoing letters; letters to his wife Helen from friends; third party business correspondence between his father, Alfred Kihn, and various parties undertaken on his son's behalf; and third party correspondence addressed to his friend and colleague, the Canadian ethnographer, Marius Barbeau. In addition to Barbeau, significant correspondents include Constance Lindsay Skinner, Chester and Maud Dale, Sir Henry Wellcome, Pierre and Marie "May" Lecompte du Noüy, and Reginald and Gladys Laubin. Although there is little correspondence with other artists, those represented with cards and letters in this collection include Boris Artzybasheff, Maynard Dixon, Olin Dows, Thornton Oakley, and Kihn's summer art school partner, Gus Wiggins. Correspondence with Franklin L. Fisher, Chief of National Geographic Magazine's Illustrated Division and Matthew W. Striling, Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution dominate the period spanning from 1935 - 1952, the years of Kihn's close association with the National Geographic Society.
Writings and notes includes manuscripts and typescripts of articles, poems, lectures, memoirs, and other writings by Kihn and others. There is one travel diary dated circa 1924-1925, and numerous writings about Kihn's travels and documentation of native American Indians.
Printed materials include exhibition catalogs, travel brochures, and magazine and newspaper clippings. Also found here are copies of Kihn's illustrations for books by other authors, including Beaver, Kings and Cabins, by Constance Lindsay Skinner, as well as proofs from the National Geographic series on American Indians arranged by geographic location. Financial records consist of invoices and receipts related to Kihn's artwork, traveling, and exhibitions.
Three sketchbooks and loose sketches include illustrated field notes and other drawings that document Kihn's travels and of native Americans. Photographs are of Kihn, and of Kihn at work. There are also photographs of Kihn's artwork.
The collection is arranged into 7 series:
Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1916-1957 (Box 1; 0.4 linear feet)
Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1904-1959 (Boxes 1-5; 4.0 linear feet)
Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1920-1990 (Box 5-6; 1.0 linear feet)
Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1920-1957 (Boxes 6-8, OV 10; 2.2 linear feet)
Series 5: Financial Records, 1920-1955 (Box 8; 0.3 linear feet)
Series 6: Sketchbooks and Sketches, circa 1922-1955 (Boxes 8-9, OV 10; 0.5 linear feet)
Series 7: Photographs, circa 1920-1955 (Box 9; 5 folders)
Born in Brooklyn, New York, W. (Wilfred) Langdon Kihn (1898-1959) is best known for his portraits of American Indians and illustrations of their history, culture and rapidly disappearing way of life. In 1919, Kihn joined his art teacher Winold Reiss on a trip to the Blackfeet Reservation in Montana where he completed his first series of portraits. This marked the beginning of his lifelong career of documenting the tribal nations of the United States and Canada. Through commissions from Canadian and American Railroad companies, Kihn spent much of the 1920s traversing both the United States and Northwest Canada where he had the opportunity to record the members and lives of various tribes. During this period, his paintings also traveled the country in a one man exhibition of his American Indian portraits, which was arranged by the Brooklyn Museum, and traveled to about 40 institutions in the United States. However his largest and best known commission was a project to research and paint North American Indians for serial publication in National Geographic. Kihn received the commission in 1935 and his association with the organization spanned two decades, culminating in the 1955 exhibition of his work at the National Geographic Museum, Washington, D.C, and the publication Indians of the Americas, with copius illustrations derived from Kihn's paintings and drawings.
In addition to his travels and work in North America, Kihn enjoyed a brief stint between 1929-1932 painting in France and Spain. Upon his return he focused upon obtaining commercial work and enjoyed success as an illustrator, whose work was featured in Beaver, Kings and Cabins (1933) and Flat Tail (1935), among other books. Kihn also wrote articles about his travels; amateur painters, whom he specialized in teaching; and American Indian legends and tribal cultures. Between 1948-1951 he was a partner in the Guy Wiggins-W. Langdon Kihn Art School in Essex, Connecticut. He married Helen Butler in 1920 and in between their travels the couple eventually settled in East Haddam, Connecticut. W. Langdon Kihn died in 1957.
Helen Kihn, W. Langdon Kihn's widow, donated the bulk of the collection in 1959. In 1994 Phyllis Kihn, the artist's daughter, donated pages 1-8 of Kihn's original manuscript of his memoirs and a transcript of the complete memoirs.
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Correspondence, photographs, clippings, biographical data on artists, press notices, Christmas cards, and publications documenting the organization's attempt to provide a market for artists affected by the Depression by using original work for greeting cards.
REELS NAGI-NAG12: Correspondence is between Samuel Golden, director, and artists whose work was sought. Among the correspondents are George Ahgupuk, C.W. Anderson, Ralph Avery, R. Fayerweather Babcock, Merrill A. Bailey, Jozef Bakos, Ken Barker, Nile Jurgen Behncke, Ludwig Bemelmans, Thomas H. Benton, Aaron Bohrod, Clarence Bolton, Cornelius Botke, Jessie Arms Botke, Fiske Boyd, Conrad Buff, Charles E. Burchfield, Ranulph Bye, Howard N. Cook, John O'Hara Cosgrave, John Steuart Curry, Gladys R. Davis, Harold Thomas Denison, Frederick K. Detwiller, Olin Dows, Yvonne Pène Dubois, Roger Antoine Duvoisin, Mabel Dwight, Kerr Eby, Louis M. Eilshemius, W.J. Enright, Daniel R. Fitzpatrick, Don Freeman, Tom Funk, Richard Gaige, Emil Ganso, Joseph Webster Golinkin, Witold Gordon, Gordon Grant, Vernon Grant, Jim Harmon, Dalzell Hatfield, Peter Helik, Edward Hopper, Peter Hunt,
Victoria Hutson Huntley, Elmer Jacobs, Ralph Johnstone, Ilonka Karasz, Norman Kent, Rockwell Kent, Nettie King, Hans Kleiber, Georgina Klitgaard, Gene Kloss, Manuel Komroff, Jo Kotula, Leon Kroll, Adolf Kronengold, Max Kuehne, Richard Lahey, Paul Hambleton Landacre, Edward Landon, Barbara Latham, Margaret Laughlin, Wolfgang Lederer, Lois Lenski, James Lewicki, Gisella Loeffler, C. A. Luce, Omer Luneau, Kyra Markham, Reginald Marsh, Maxwell Mays, Dudley Morris, Thomas F. Naegele, Thomas W. Nason, Alexander Nesbitt, Vera Neville, Woldemar Neufeld, Warren Newcombe, Edith Newton, Dale Nichols, Hobart Nichols, Frank L. Nicolet, Olle Nordmark, Jose Clemente Orozco,
William E. Pajaud, Virginia Plummer, Grace Paull, John C. Pellew, A. Sheldon Pennoyer, Leon Pescheret, Gilmer Petroff, John Pike, Henry C. Pitz, Stan Poray, Tina Prentiss, Gregorio Prestopino, Rosalie Rees, Grant Reynard, John Rogers,Conrad Roland, Arnold Ronnebeck, Ruth Starr Rose, James N. Rosenberg, Doris Rosenthal, Sanford Ross, Andree Ruellan, Rudolph Ruzicka, Martha Ryther,Paul Sample, Patsy Santo, Helen Sawyer, William J. Schaldach, Georges Schreiber,Frederick Shane, John Sharp, Charles Sheeler, Millard Sheets, Alphonse Shelton, Dwight Shepler, William Shevis, Harry Shokler, Gerrit V. Sinclair, Mortimer Slotnick, Bissell Phelps Smith, Yngve Edward Soderberg, Harry Sternberg, Anthony Thieme, Nura Ulreich, Joseph P. Vorst, Maynard Walker, Heinz Warneke,Stow Wengenroth, John Whorf, Warren F. Wheelock, Harry H. Wickey, Guy Wiggins, Myra A. Wiggins, Edward A. Wilson, Ronau W. Woiceske, Stanley W. Woodward, and others.
UNMICROFILMED: A portfolio of 106 Christmas cards, with the evelopes and original packing materials, printed and distributed by the American Artists Group in 1935. This is a nearly complete set (missing only two cards) and the first set published by the group. Also included are three publications: "Handbook of the American Artists Group," 1935, "Original Etchings, Lithographs, and Woodcuts Published by the American Artists Group," 1937, and "Ten Years, A Christmas Card Adventure," ca. 1944
Biographical / Historical:
Greeting card company. Founded 1934; New York, N.Y. One of its aims was to popularize contemporary American art by publishing fine reproductions of original etchings, lithographs, drawings and paintings on greeting cards.
Materials on reels NAG1-12 lent for microfilming by the American Artists Group, 1966-1968. Unmicrofilmed material donated 1994 by Allen P. Golden, son of Samuel Golden who founded the American Artists Group.
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
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Letters to Bowdoin while he was art critic of the New York Evening World, most of which are brief expressions of appreciation for reviews which Bowdoin has written.
Correspondents include: Walter M. Aikman, C. E. Althouse, J. M.Andreini, Joseph H. Appel, A. Archibald, Richard F. Bach, J. Stewart Barney, William J. Beauley, Martin Birnbaum, Gustav Brock, Margaret F. Browne, Aline Caro-Delvaille, J. H. Chapin, S. Jay Chapman, W. A. Clark, Thomas B. Clarke,William Clifford, Robert G. Cooke, Mrs. Henry E. Coe, Esther A. Coster, Bertram Cox, E. J. Craine, Winifred M. Crawford, Charles H. Davis, H. C. Denslow, Joel R. Detwiller, Olive Earle, Henry S. Eddy, Harold L. Ehrich, Leon Fleischman, Carlton C. Fowler, William H. Fox, the Gorham Co., Beryl M. Greene.
Also, Frances Hall, John W. Harrington, Richard B. Harte, Rachel I. Hartley, T. F. Hatfield, Edward Heine, Claude R. Hirst, Harry L. Hoffman, A. A. Hopkins, Alex Hudnut, Susan A. Hutchinson, Katherine Inness, T. Seton Jevons, Henry W. Kent, William Knable & Co., Robert C.Lafferty, Mme. Andree Lenigue De Franceville, Robert W. Macbeth, Edith Magonigle, Elizabeth Marbury, Eric C. Maunsbach, Herbert Meyer, D. Roy Miller, Percy F. Montgomery, G. Laurence Nelson, Sydney P. Noe, David Owens, Ralph M. Pearson, Walter S. Perry, George A. Plimpton, Rabinovitch, Edward Robinson, A. S. W. Rosenbach, James Scott, James G. Shepherd, John M. Siddall, Robert Spencer, Edward F. Stevens, Marion Swinton, Floyd Vail, Willis A. Voorhees, John Wanamaker, Bertrand H. Wentworth, Clarence H. White, Guy Wiggins, Max Williams, and E. C. Zabriskie.
Biographical / Historical:
Art critic; New York City.
Microfilmed 1956 by the Archives of American Art with other art-related papers in the Manuscript Division of the New York Public Library. Included in the microfilming project were selected papers of the Art Division and the Prints Division.
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
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