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Mary K. McGuigan and John F. McGuigan Jr. artists' letters collection

Creator:
McGuigan, Mary K.  Search this
Names:
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Beard, W. H. (William Holbrook), 1824-1900  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Boughton, George Henry, 1834-1905  Search this
Carey, Mathew, 1760-1839  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Colman, Samuel, 1832-1920  Search this
Copley, John Singleton, 1738-1815  Search this
Cropsey, Jasper Francis, 1823-1900  Search this
Darley, Felix Octavius Carr, 1822-1888  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Greenough, Horatio, 1805-1852  Search this
Harding, Chester, 1792-1866  Search this
Hassam, Childe, 1859-1935  Search this
Inman, Henry, 1801-1846  Search this
Inness, George, 1825-1894  Search this
McGuigan, John F., Jr. (John Fuller)  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Neagle, John, 1796-1865  Search this
Palmer, Erastus Dow, 1817-1904  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Peale, Rubens, 1784-1865  Search this
Tanner, Henry Ossawa, 1859-1937  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson, 1849-1921  Search this
White, Stanford, 1853-1906  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1794-1938
Summary:
The collection of artists' letters compiled by Mary and John McGuigan Jr. measure 0.6 linear feet and date from 1794-1938. The collection is comprised of a group of letters, writings, and signed documents to and from a variety of artists, art administrators, art critics, historians, and art-related organizations assembled from multiple sources. It also includes associated printed material with some documents and a few photographs, including carte de visites and cabinet cards.
Scope and Contents:
The collection of artists' letters compiled by Mary and John McGuigan Jr. measure 0.6 linear feet and date from 1794-1938. The collection is comprised of a group of letters, writings, and signed documents to and from a variety of artists, art administrators, art critics, historians, and art-related organizations assembled from multiple sources. It also includes associated printed material with some documents and a few photographs, including carte de visites and cabinet cards.

Item descriptions included in the container listing were provided by Mary and John McGuigan and illuminate the wide range of artists and types of material represented in the collection. While some of the letters document routine transactions such as responses to requests for information, and transmittals of autographs, others document specific artist commissions and projects, exhibition and financial arrangements, business relationships, family events, and travels. The collection includes documentation of portrait painters, including Chester Harding and Rembrandt Peale; nineteenth century landscape artists and artists of the Hudson River School including Albert Bierstadt, George Henry Boughton, Samuel Colman, Jasper Francis Cropsey, and George Inness; sculptors including Daniel Chester French whose letters include sixty-three letters to Charles Dupuy, the caretaker of French's summer home in Massachusetts; publishers such as Mathew Carey, in letters from John Neagle; and the activities of arts institutions such as the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.

In addition to those mentioned above, letters and signed documents are from Washington Allston, William Holbrook Beard, Eugene Benson, William Tilden Blodgett, Jr., James Renwick Brevoort, Frederic Edwin Church, James Claghorn, John Singleton Copley, Kenyon Cox, F.O.C. Darley, Joseph DeCamp, Frank Duveneck, John Mackie Falconer, Horatio Greenough, Childe Hassam, Ignaz Michael Marcel Gaugengigl, George Healy, George Hollingsworth, William Morris Hunt, Daniel Huntington, Anna Vaughn Hyatt Huntington, Henry Inman, Hugh Bolton Jones, Thomas Dow Jones, Louis Ashton Knight, Charles Robert Leslie, Will Low, Frederick William MacMonnies, Frank Blackwell Mayer, Samuel F. B. Morse, Erastus Dow Palmer, Rubens Peale, Elizabeth Robins Pennell, Tobias (Toby) Edward Rosenthal, John Singer Sargent, George Henry Smillie, Marie Spartali Stillman, William James Stillman, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Abbott Handerson Thayer, Charles Yardley Turner, Stephen Arnold Douglas Volk, William Walcutt, Henry Antonio Wenzler, Benjamin West, Stanford White, Worthington Whittredge, and others.

The collection also includes a friendship album belonging to William Tilden Blodgett, Jr., with poems, sketches, and botanical watercolors, eight photographs including carte de visites and cabinet cards with images of George Hollingsworth, Thomas Dow Jones, Louis Ashton Knight, Henry Antonio Wenzler, and William Walcutt, and two photographs of a model used by Francis Blackwell Mayer when painting The Burning of the Peggy Stewart.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Mary K. McGuigan and John F. McGuigan Jr. are art historians and collectors in Milford, Pennsylvania.
Provenance:
John F. McGuigan Jr. and Mary K. McGuigan purchased these letters and generously donated them to the Archives of American Art between 2000 and 2019. The McGuigans have purchased and donated additional archival materials to the Archives, including a portion of the Douglas Volk and Leonard Wells Volk papers. In 2017 the McGuigans donated an addition to the Sylvester Rosa Koehler papers, including sixty-nine letters from A. Barry, Truman Howe Bartlett, William Merritt Chase, Timothy Cole, Edward Henry Clement, Cyrus Edwin Dallin, Robert Swain Gifford, George Inness, Anna Lea Merritt, Stephen Parrish, John Sartain, Francis Hopkinson Smith, and Frederic Porter Vinton.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Arts administrators  Search this
Art critics  Search this
Artists  Search this
Historians  Search this
Citation:
Mary K. McGuigan and John F. McGuigan Jr. artists' letters collection, 1794-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.mcgumary
See more items in:
Mary K. McGuigan and John F. McGuigan Jr. artists' letters collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-mcgumary

[Artists' portraits from Henry Tuckerman's Book of the Artists...], circa 1865]-1867

Creator:
Rockwood, George Gardner, 1832-1911  Search this
Names:
Benson, Eugene, 1837-1908 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Brown, Henry Kirke, 1814-1886 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Cropsey, Jasper Francis, 1823-1900 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Darley, Felix Octavius Carr, 1822-1888 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Elliott, Charles Loring, 1812-1868 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters, 1819-1877 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Hart, James McDougal, 1828-1901 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Hicks, Thomas, 1823-1890 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Hubbard, Richard William, 1816-1888 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Inman, Henry, 1801-1846 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Inness, George, 1825-1894 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Johnson, Eastman, 1824-1906 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Kensett, John Frederick, 1816-1872 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Leutze, Emanuel, 1816-1868 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Rogers, John, 1829-1904 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Sarony, Napoleon, 1821-1896  Search this
Shattuck, Aaron Draper, 1832-1928 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Tuckerman, Henry T. (Henry Theodore), 1813-1871  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
24 Items (photographic prints, b&w, 17 1/2 x 13 1/2 cm., on sheet 30 1/2 x 24 cm. or smaller.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Portraits of artists taken by George Rockwood and Napoleon Sarony (Sarony Photographic Co.) for the large paper, extra-illustrated edition of Henry Tuckerman's, "American artist life : comprising biographical and critical sketches of American artists : preceded by an historical account of the rise and progress of art in America : with an appendix containing an account of notable pictures and private collections" (New York, G.P. Putnam & Son, 1867). Also included is a copy of Tuckerman's book (not the extra illustrated version.) Photographs include: Eugene Benson (original missing, copyprint only), Henry Kirke Brown (original missing, copyprint only), Frederic Edwin Church, Thomas Cole, J. Francis Cropsey, Christopher Cranch, F.O.C. Darley, Asher Brown Durand, Charles Loring Elliott, Sanford Robinson Gifford, Henry Peters Gray, James M. Hart, Thomas Hicks (incorrectly identified as John Ehninger), Richard W. Hubbard, Henry Inman, George Inness (incorrectly identified as Albert Bierstadt), Eastman Johnson, John F. Kensett (original missing, copyprint only), Emanuel Leutze, Jervis McEntee (original missing, copyprint only), John Rogers, A.D. Shattuck, Thomas Sully (original missing, copyprint only), and Worthington Whittredge (original missing, copyprint only).
Provenance:
The copy of Tuckerman's book was donated in 1958 by Robert McIntyre. The photographs, along with the extra illustrated edition of Henry Tuckerman's, "Book of the Artists..." (1867) were donated in 1960 by McIntyre. The folio was one of the 25 copies produced, possibly acquired by McIntyre through auction of the library of S.K. Cleven of Iowa handled by Anderson Galleries in 1915. The photographs were removed from the folio prior to its transfer to the Smithsonian American Art Museum Library. Photographer and provenance information (annotated) from Putnam's Monthly Advertiser is enclosed with the original folio housed at the Smithsonian American Art Museum Library.
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.rockgeor
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rockgeor

Sanford Robinson Gifford papers

Creator:
Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880  Search this
Names:
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Extent:
0.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Place:
Europe -- description and travel
Egypt -- description and travel
Date:
1840s-1900
circa 1960s-1970s
Summary:
The papers of landscape painter Sanford Robinson Gifford, date from the 1840s through 1900, and circa 1960s-1970s. The bulk of the papers fall between 1855-1881; material from the circa 1960s-1970s consists of photographic copy prints for which the Archives does not have the originals. The small collection measures 0.9 linear feet of scattered documentation of Gifford's life, primarily extensive biographical accounts of his travels in the mid 1850s and late 1860s in the form of bound letters to his father. These serve as detailed journals of his impressions of Europe and the Middle East, the development of his painting, and his relationships with other artists such as Albert Bierstadt and Worthington Whittredge. The collection also contains sketches by Gifford, printed material including catalogs of Gifford's paintings, and photographs of Gifford and others.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection dates from the 1840s through 1900, and circa 1960s-1970s with the bulk of the material falling between 1855-1881. Material from circa 1960s-1970s consists of photographic copy prints of original photographs from the mid to late 1800s for which the Archives does not own the originals. The papers measure 0.9 linear feet and provide detailed documentation of the life of Hudson River School landscape painter, Sanford Robinson Gifford, during the mid 1850s and late 1860s. The papers contain extensive accounts of Gifford's travels in 3 bound volumes of typewritten letters from Gifford to his father. These letters serve as travel journals and provide extensive and vivid descriptions of Gifford's work and experiences in Europe and the Middle East, and document his relationships with a variety of other artists, including Alfred Bierstadt and Worthington Whittredge, during this period.

Additional records provide scattered documenation of other periods of Gifford's life. Letters refer to his travels in the American west and his Civil War service and its effect on his painting. Printed material includes clippings and exhibition catalogs, and includes a catalogue of his paintings published by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1881. Artwork by Gifford includes sketches by the artist and prints, engravings and paintings by various others. Original photographs date from 1856-1900 and include images of Gifford during the Civil War. Copyprints for which the Archives does not own the originals date from the circa 1960s-1970s and include two images of a family home in Hudson, New York, where Gifford had a studio in the mid 1860s, a portrait photograph of Gifford, and an image of Gifford on the Hayden expedition.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 4 series:

Series 1: Letters, 1855-1874 (Box 1; 3 volumes, 1 folder)

Series 2: Printed Material, circa 1850s-1881 (Box 2; 4 folders)

Series 3: Artwork, circa 1840s-circa 1870s (Box 2, OV 3; 4 folders)

Series 4: Photographs and Copy Prints, 1856-circa 1900, circa 1960s-1970s (Box 2, 5, OV 4; 11 folders)
Biographical Note:
Sanford Robinson Gifford was born in Greenfield, New York, in 1823. He attended Brown University from 1842-1844 and moved to New York City in 1845 where he studied drawing, perspective and anatomy under the direction of the British watercolorist and drawing-master, John R. Smith. He also studied the human figure in anatomy classes at the Crosby Street Medical college and took drawing classes at the National Academy of Design. In 1846 he visited the Berkshire Hills and the Catskill Mountains, sketching from nature. "These studies," he wrote to O. B. Frothingham in 1874, "together with the great admiration I felt for the works of Cole developed a strong interest in landscape art, and opened my eyes to a keener perception and more intelligent enjoyment of nature. Having once enjoyed the absolute freedom of the landscape painters life I was unable to return to portrait painting."

The American Art Union bought and showed some of Gifford's first pictures in 1847. In 1851 he was elected an associate, and in 1854 an academician, of the National Academy of Design.

Gifford traveled widely to sketch landscapes for future paintings, recording his experiences in letters to his father which he intended would "serve the double purpose of letter and journal, and be an economy of time." He requested that his father number the letters sequentially and keep them together.

In the summer of 1855 Gifford visited England, Scotland and Paris, where he spent the winter of 1855 transforming his English and Scottish sketches into paintings. In the fall of 1856 he rented a studio in Rome and, over the course of the winter, painted pictures that reportedly pleased him "pretty well," including Lake Nemi. During the spring of 1857, Gifford spent time with fellow artists Worthington Whittredge, William H. Beard and Albert Bierstadt before leaving Rome in May with Bierstadt for a walking tour of southern Italy, where they planned to reconnect with Whittredge and Beard. Gifford ended his European tour with a visits to Innsbruck, Munich, Vienna, Prague, Dresden, Berlin and Paris, before returning to the United States at the end of the summer.

On his return Gifford rented studio Number 19 in the Tenth Street Studio Building in New York City, which he retained until his death. Over the next few years he also made frequent summer trips to various northeastern locales including the Catskills, the Adirondacks, the Green Mountains in Vermont, the White Mountains in New Hampshire, Maine and Nova Scotia.

Gifford served in New York's Seventh Regiment when it marched to the defense of Washington in April 1861, and again in 1862 and 1863. Several paintings resulted from this experience, including Sunday Morning at Camp Cameron (1861), Bivouac of the Seventh Regiment at Arlington Heights, Virginia (1861) and Camp of the Seventh Regiment, near Frederick, Maryland, in July 1863 (1864).

In 1868 Gifford returned to Europe, again visiting London and Paris, where he met with friends Jervis McEntee and his wife. He then spent the summer visiting the Alps and Sicily before wintering in Rome. In 1869 he traveled to Egypt where he and a small party hired a boat to take them on a two-month voyage from Cairo down the Nile River. Subsequently, Gifford traveled to the Middle East with Alfred Craven via the Suez Canal, where his itinerary included Syria, Jerusalem, Samaria, Damascus, Greece and Turkey. Gifford arrived in Venice in June 1869 and sailed for the United States at the beginning of September.

In 1870 Gifford visited Colorado with Worthington Whittredge and John Frederick Kensett, and accompanied a United States Geological party under Dr. Hayden in the exploration of Wyoming, Utah, and the Colorado Territories. In the summer of 1873 he visited California, Oregon, British Columbia and Alaska.

Gifford married in 1877 but in 1880 became ill and died of malarial fever and pneumonia at the age of 58. That same year he was honored with the Metropolitan Museum of Art's first monographic retrospective and a memorial catalogue of his known pictures.
Related Material:
Five sketchbooks were loaned by Vassar College in 1966 and the originals were returned to the donor after microfilming on reel D254.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels D254 and 688) including twenty-one sketchbooks, photographs, passports and certificates, an 1888 European travel diary of Mary Louise Willard, wife of Gifford's nephew, Harold, and a 1966 letter. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Edith Wilkinson first donated the Sanford Robinson Gifford papers in 1955 and 1957. James C. Gifford donated copy prints of photographs in 1964. Five sketchbooks were lent for microfilming by the Vassar College Art Library in 1966 and George and Frances Gifford Cummings donated additional material in 1973. In 1974, sixteen sketchbooks, photographs, and other materials were lent for microfilming by Dr. Sanford Gifford, Gifford's great-nephew.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Sanford Robinson Gifford papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
Landscape painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Landscape painting -- 19th century -- New York (State)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers, 1840s-1900, circa 1960s-1970s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.giffsanf
See more items in:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-giffsanf
Online Media:

Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Subject:
Brady, Mathew B. (Recollections of the art exhibition, Metropolitan Fair)  Search this
Metropolitan Fair  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Photographs
Paintings
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Landscape painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9364
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211560
AAA_collcode_whitwort
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211560
Online Media:

Worthington Whittredge: artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Whittredge, Worthington 1820-1910  Search this
Subject:
Whittredge, Worthington  Search this
Physical description:
1 folder
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Portrait male--Occupation--Artist  Search this
Occupation--Art--Painter  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF003167
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_141942

Worthington Whittredge papers

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Names:
Metropolitan Fair (1864:New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Brady, Mathew B., 1823 (ca.)-1896 (Recollections of the art exhibition, Metropolitan Fair)  Search this
Extent:
2.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Photographs
Paintings
Sketchbooks
Date:
circa 1840s-1965
bulk 1849-1908
Summary:
The papers of landscape painter Worthington Whittredge measure 2.2 linear feet and date from the 1840s to 1965, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1849 to 1908. This small collection documents Whittredge's career as a painter, particularly his years in Europe from 1849 to 1859, through biographical materials, a manuscript of his autobiography, news clippings, catalogs, six sketchbooks and numerous drawings and paintings. Also found are two photographs of Whittredge and a nineteenth-century photo album containing photographs of 32 famous artists.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of landscape painter Worthington Whittredge measure 2.2 linear feet and date from the 1840s to 1965, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1849 to 1908. This small collection documents Whittredge's career as a painter, particularly his years in Europe from 1849 to 1859, through biographical materials, a manuscript of his autobiography, news clippings, catalogs, six sketchbooks and numerous drawings and paintings. Also found are two photographs of Whittredge and a nineteenth-century photo album containing photographs of 32 famous artists.

Biographical materials include a manuscript of his autobiography, passport, award certificates, and a ledger he kept while living in Düsseldorf, Germany, that documents commissions, accounts, and business activities. Printed material includes news clippings, catalogs, and the book Recollections of the Art Exhibition, Metropolitan Fair, New York, published by Mathew Brady, which includes a catalog of the art exhibition at the fair and 20 printed images by Brady.

Artwork consists of six sketchbooks and numerous drawings and paintings. The sketchbooks contain drawings Whittredge executed on a trip down the Rhine River in 1849 as well as during his travels in Italy and Mexico. Other loose drawings and paintings include numerous landscapes, figure studies, trees, animals, and other miscellaneous sketches.

There are two photographs of Whittredge, taken by M. Louise Greene, and a nineteenth-century photo album containing cartes de visite photographs of 32 artists. Most of these photographs include the artists autograph as well. Included are Albert Bierstadt, George H. Baker, William Holbrook Beard, Albert F. Bellows, John G. Brown, Seth Wells Cheney, Frederic Church, Jasper Cropsey, Thomas Seir Cummings, Mauritz De Haas, Francois Regis Gignoux, Henry Peters Gray, Seymour Guy, George Henry Hall, William Hart, William Hennessy, Richard W. Hubbard, Daniel Huntington, Henry Augustus Loop, Jervis McEntee, Samuel F. B. Morse, William Page, Horace Wolcott Robbins, Aaron Shattuck, James Augustus Suydam, Launt Thompson, Robert W. Weir, Henry Wenzler, Edwin White, and George Yewell, and two unidentified artists.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 4 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1849-circa 1940s (Box 1, 5, OV 9; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 2: Printed Material, 1861-1965 (Box 1, 4, 5, OV9; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 3: Artwork, circa 1840s-1902 (Box 2, 5, OV 6-9; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 4: Photographs, circa 1850s-1860s, circa 1900 (Box 2-3; 0.3 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Thomas Worthington Whittredge (1820-1910) was born in 1820 in Springfield, Ohio. Receiving very little formal education, he moved to Cincinnati, Ohio at the age of 17 to serve as an apprentice house and sign painter. A few years later, in his early twenties, he briefly ran a daguerreotype studio in Indianapolis, Indiana, and worked as a portrait painter in Charleston, West Virginia.

In 1843 Whittredge decided to pursue landscape painting, and was greatly influenced by Hudson River School artist Thomas Cole. In 1849 he traveled to Düsseldorf, Germany, to further his training at the Düsseldorf Academy. There, he met painter Emanuel Leutze and modeled for Leutze's painting Washington Crossing the Delaware (1850). He lived for a year in the home of landscape painter Andreas Achenbach and became friends with Carl Friedrich Lessing. Whittredge spent the summer of 1856 sketching in Switzerland with Albert Bierstadt. That fall Whittredge and Bierstadt moved to Rome where they were joined by fellow artists Sanford Robinson Gifford and William Stanley Haseltine.

Whittredge stayed in Italy until 1859 when he returned to America and settled in New York City, renting a space at Richard Morris Hunt's famous Tenth Street Studio Building, which was frequented by some of the best-known artists, writers, and actors of the time. He kept company with Jervis McEntee, Eastman Johnson, Sanford Robinson Gifford, John Ferguson Weir, and other artists of the "old guard". Whittredge quickly became a very successful artist, adapting what he had learned in Europe to the American landscape. He was elected to the National Academy of Design in 1860 and became a full member in 1862. He also served as President of the National Academy of Design from 1874 to 1877.

In 1866 Whittredge went along on a government inspection tour of the Missouri Territory and was greatly inspired by the landscape. He traveled to Colorado in 1870 with John Frederick Kensett and Sanford Gifford and, in the late 1870s, began painting these new landscapes. He moved with his family to Summit, New Jersey, in 1880. In 1893 he went on a sketching trip to Mexico with fellow artist Frederic Church and continued painting into the early 1900s. Around this time he also began writing his autobiography which he completed in 1905. Worthington Whittredge died in 1910 at the age of 89.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are several collections relating to Whitteredge: the Anthony F. Janson research material on Worthington Whittredge, 1969-2003; the Worthington Whittredge sale records, 1900; the Edith Wilkinson Letter to E.P. Richardson and biographical notes on Worthington Whittredge, 1957; and a Worthington Whittredge letter to John Ferguson Weir, 1871.
Separated Material:
One sketchbook was loaned by William W. Katzenbach for microfilming in 1959 and returned. Loaned material is available on microfilm reel 153, but is not described in container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
The Worthington Whittredge papers were donated by William W. and L. Emery Katzenbach, grandsons of Whittredge, in 1959. Additional items were donated by William W. Katzenbach in 1968.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Worthington Whittredge papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Landscape painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Paintings
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.whitwort
See more items in:
Worthington Whittredge papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-whitwort
Online Media:

Biographical Material

Collection Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Extent:
(Box 1, 5, OV 9; 0.4 linear feet)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1849-circa 1940s
Scope and Contents note:
Biographical documents about Worthington Whittredge include his passport from his travels throughout Europe in the 1850s, a certificate of marriage to his wife Euphemia Foot, and a National Academy of Design certificate of appreciation presented to him on his 88th birthday and signed by many members. Also found here is Whittredge's ledger from Düsseldorf which contains many memorandums, addresses, lists of letters received, lists of his commissions (which often include small sketches of the artwork), and copies of documents such as his grandfather's will. This series also contains a handwritten draft of Whittredge's autobiography, which he finished writing in 1905. Additional items include a typed copy of Whittredge genealogical information, a brief letter to Whittredge from politician Nicholas Longworth, and four letters of correspondence between his daughter Euphemia Whittredge and others regarding Emauel Leutze's painting Washington Crossing the Delaware. There are also additional notes written by E. Whittredge (probably Euphemia) about Whittredge's paintings. Her notes also include a few photographs and reproductions of his artwork. Of note is a photograph of an 1849 painted miniature portrait of Whittredge.
Arrangement note:
This series has been scanned in its entirety.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Worthington Whittredge papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.whitwort, Series 1
See more items in:
Worthington Whittredge papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-whitwort-ref15

Photographs

Collection Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Extent:
(Box 2-3; 0.3 linear feet)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1850s-1860s, circa 1900
Scope and Contents note:
This series consists of two photographs taken by M. Louise Greene of Worthington Whittredge painting in his studio, a copyprint of a carte de visite portrait of Whittredge, and four photographs of unidentified artwork. Also found is a photograph album containing 32 autographed cartes de visite of artists, collected by Whittredge. Two photographs are unidentified. Three photographs have been removed and only an autograph appears on the page. Some of the photographs may have been moved to different pages within the book, and the researcher will need to verify that each photograph actually matches the autograph on the page.
Arrangement note:
This series has been scanned in its entirety.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Worthington Whittredge papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.whitwort, Series 4
See more items in:
Worthington Whittredge papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-whitwort-ref65

Photograph album of nineteenth century artists

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Subject:
Baker, George Augustus  Search this
Beard, W. H. (William Holbrook)  Search this
Bellows, Albert Fitch  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert  Search this
Brown, John George  Search this
Browne, John C.  Search this
Cheney, Seth Wells  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Cropsey, J.F.  Search this
Cropsey, Jasper Francis  Search this
Cummings, Thomas Seir  Search this
De Haas, Mauritz Frederik H  Search this
Duveen, Albert  Search this
Gignoux, Régis François  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters  Search this
Guy, Seymour J.  Search this
Hall, George Henry  Search this
Hart, William McDougal  Search this
Hennessy, William John  Search this
Hubbard, Richard William  Search this
Huntington, Daniel  Search this
Loop, Henry Augustus  Search this
McEntee, Jervis  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese  Search this
Robbins, Horace Wolcott Jr.  Search this
Shattuck, Aaron Draper  Search this
Suydam, James A.  Search this
Suydam, James Augustus  Search this
Weir, Robert Walter  Search this
Wenzler, Anthon Henry  Search this
White, Edwin  Search this
White, Edwin D.  Search this
Yewell, George Henry  Search this
Type:
Albums
Date:
185-?
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5443
See more items in:
Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5443

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