Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
604 documents - page 1 of 31

Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910

Collection Creator:
Library of Congress  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Container:
Box 57
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Researchers may use prints on file in the Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum. Advance appointments are required.
Collection Rights:
Copyright restrictions may apply.
Collection Citation:
Library of Congress Copyright Deposit Collection, Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum.
See more items in:
Library of Congress Copyright Deposit Collection of photomechanical prints of American art works
Library of Congress Copyright Deposit Collection of photomechanical prints of American art works / Series 1: Photomechanical prints
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-saam-photo-loc-ref1468

Worthington Whittredge sale records, 1900

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5917
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208757
AAA_collcode_whitwosr
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208757

Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Subject:
Brady, Mathew B. (Recollections of the art exhibition, Metropolitan Fair)  Search this
Metropolitan Fair  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Photographs
Paintings
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Landscape painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9364
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211560
AAA_collcode_whitwort
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211560
Online Media:

Worthington Whittredge letter to John Ferguson Weir, 1871

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Subject:
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson)  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Engraving, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10479
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213891
AAA_collcode_whitworl
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213891

Illustrated ledger

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Subject:
Whittredge, Worthington  Search this
Type:
Financial Records
Date:
ca. 1860
Topic:
Art commissions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10043
See more items in:
Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10043

Worthington Whittredge manuscript of autobiography

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Subject:
Leutze, Emanuel  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
circa 1905
Topic:
Artists' models  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15823
See more items in:
Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15823

Completed commissions and other pictures

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Type:
Financial Records
Date:
ca. 1860
Topic:
Art commissions  Search this
Art market  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5317
See more items in:
Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5317

Photograph album of nineteenth century artists

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Subject:
Baker, George Augustus  Search this
Beard, W. H. (William Holbrook)  Search this
Bellows, Albert Fitch  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert  Search this
Brown, John George  Search this
Browne, John C.  Search this
Cheney, Seth Wells  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Cropsey, J.F.  Search this
Cropsey, Jasper Francis  Search this
Cummings, Thomas Seir  Search this
De Haas, Mauritz Frederik H  Search this
Duveen, Albert  Search this
Gignoux, Régis François  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters  Search this
Guy, Seymour J.  Search this
Hall, George Henry  Search this
Hart, William McDougal  Search this
Hennessy, William John  Search this
Hubbard, Richard William  Search this
Huntington, Daniel  Search this
Loop, Henry Augustus  Search this
McEntee, Jervis  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese  Search this
Robbins, Horace Wolcott Jr.  Search this
Shattuck, Aaron Draper  Search this
Suydam, James A.  Search this
Suydam, James Augustus  Search this
Weir, Robert Walter  Search this
Wenzler, Anthon Henry  Search this
White, Edwin  Search this
White, Edwin D.  Search this
Yewell, George Henry  Search this
Type:
Albums
Date:
185-?
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5443
See more items in:
Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5443

Worthington Whittredge sketchbook of a trip down the Rhine River

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Place:
Dusseldorf, Germany
Date:
1849
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5842
See more items in:
Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5842

Worthington Whittredge letter to Jervis McEntee

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1877 Sept. 5
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)6639
See more items in:
Jervis McEntee papers, 1796, 1848-1905
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_6639
Online Media:

Sanford Robinson Gifford papers

Creator:
Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880  Search this
Names:
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Extent:
0.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Place:
Europe -- description and travel
Egypt -- description and travel
Date:
1840s-1900
circa 1960s-1970s
Summary:
The papers of landscape painter Sanford Robinson Gifford, date from the 1840s through 1900, and circa 1960s-1970s. The bulk of the papers fall between 1855-1881; material from the circa 1960s-1970s consists of photographic copy prints for which the Archives does not have the originals. The small collection measures 0.9 linear feet of scattered documentation of Gifford's life, primarily extensive biographical accounts of his travels in the mid 1850s and late 1860s in the form of bound letters to his father. These serve as detailed journals of his impressions of Europe and the Middle East, the development of his painting, and his relationships with other artists such as Albert Bierstadt and Worthington Whittredge. The collection also contains sketches by Gifford, printed material including catalogs of Gifford's paintings, and photographs of Gifford and others.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection dates from the 1840s through 1900, and circa 1960s-1970s with the bulk of the material falling between 1855-1881. Material from circa 1960s-1970s consists of photographic copy prints of original photographs from the mid to late 1800s for which the Archives does not own the originals. The papers measure 0.9 linear feet and provide detailed documentation of the life of Hudson River School landscape painter, Sanford Robinson Gifford, during the mid 1850s and late 1860s. The papers contain extensive accounts of Gifford's travels in 3 bound volumes of typewritten letters from Gifford to his father. These letters serve as travel journals and provide extensive and vivid descriptions of Gifford's work and experiences in Europe and the Middle East, and document his relationships with a variety of other artists, including Alfred Bierstadt and Worthington Whittredge, during this period.

Additional records provide scattered documenation of other periods of Gifford's life. Letters refer to his travels in the American west and his Civil War service and its effect on his painting. Printed material includes clippings and exhibition catalogs, and includes a catalogue of his paintings published by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1881. Artwork by Gifford includes sketches by the artist and prints, engravings and paintings by various others. Original photographs date from 1856-1900 and include images of Gifford during the Civil War. Copyprints for which the Archives does not own the originals date from the circa 1960s-1970s and include two images of a family home in Hudson, New York, where Gifford had a studio in the mid 1860s, a portrait photograph of Gifford, and an image of Gifford on the Hayden expedition.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 4 series:

Series 1: Letters, 1855-1874 (Box 1; 3 volumes, 1 folder)

Series 2: Printed Material, circa 1850s-1881 (Box 2; 4 folders)

Series 3: Artwork, circa 1840s-circa 1870s (Box 2, OV 3; 4 folders)

Series 4: Photographs and Copy Prints, 1856-circa 1900, circa 1960s-1970s (Box 2, 5, OV 4; 11 folders)
Biographical Note:
Sanford Robinson Gifford was born in Greenfield, New York, in 1823. He attended Brown University from 1842-1844 and moved to New York City in 1845 where he studied drawing, perspective and anatomy under the direction of the British watercolorist and drawing-master, John R. Smith. He also studied the human figure in anatomy classes at the Crosby Street Medical college and took drawing classes at the National Academy of Design. In 1846 he visited the Berkshire Hills and the Catskill Mountains, sketching from nature. "These studies," he wrote to O. B. Frothingham in 1874, "together with the great admiration I felt for the works of Cole developed a strong interest in landscape art, and opened my eyes to a keener perception and more intelligent enjoyment of nature. Having once enjoyed the absolute freedom of the landscape painters life I was unable to return to portrait painting."

The American Art Union bought and showed some of Gifford's first pictures in 1847. In 1851 he was elected an associate, and in 1854 an academician, of the National Academy of Design.

Gifford traveled widely to sketch landscapes for future paintings, recording his experiences in letters to his father which he intended would "serve the double purpose of letter and journal, and be an economy of time." He requested that his father number the letters sequentially and keep them together.

In the summer of 1855 Gifford visited England, Scotland and Paris, where he spent the winter of 1855 transforming his English and Scottish sketches into paintings. In the fall of 1856 he rented a studio in Rome and, over the course of the winter, painted pictures that reportedly pleased him "pretty well," including Lake Nemi. During the spring of 1857, Gifford spent time with fellow artists Worthington Whittredge, William H. Beard and Albert Bierstadt before leaving Rome in May with Bierstadt for a walking tour of southern Italy, where they planned to reconnect with Whittredge and Beard. Gifford ended his European tour with a visits to Innsbruck, Munich, Vienna, Prague, Dresden, Berlin and Paris, before returning to the United States at the end of the summer.

On his return Gifford rented studio Number 19 in the Tenth Street Studio Building in New York City, which he retained until his death. Over the next few years he also made frequent summer trips to various northeastern locales including the Catskills, the Adirondacks, the Green Mountains in Vermont, the White Mountains in New Hampshire, Maine and Nova Scotia.

Gifford served in New York's Seventh Regiment when it marched to the defense of Washington in April 1861, and again in 1862 and 1863. Several paintings resulted from this experience, including Sunday Morning at Camp Cameron (1861), Bivouac of the Seventh Regiment at Arlington Heights, Virginia (1861) and Camp of the Seventh Regiment, near Frederick, Maryland, in July 1863 (1864).

In 1868 Gifford returned to Europe, again visiting London and Paris, where he met with friends Jervis McEntee and his wife. He then spent the summer visiting the Alps and Sicily before wintering in Rome. In 1869 he traveled to Egypt where he and a small party hired a boat to take them on a two-month voyage from Cairo down the Nile River. Subsequently, Gifford traveled to the Middle East with Alfred Craven via the Suez Canal, where his itinerary included Syria, Jerusalem, Samaria, Damascus, Greece and Turkey. Gifford arrived in Venice in June 1869 and sailed for the United States at the beginning of September.

In 1870 Gifford visited Colorado with Worthington Whittredge and John Frederick Kensett, and accompanied a United States Geological party under Dr. Hayden in the exploration of Wyoming, Utah, and the Colorado Territories. In the summer of 1873 he visited California, Oregon, British Columbia and Alaska.

Gifford married in 1877 but in 1880 became ill and died of malarial fever and pneumonia at the age of 58. That same year he was honored with the Metropolitan Museum of Art's first monographic retrospective and a memorial catalogue of his known pictures.
Related Material:
Five sketchbooks were loaned by Vassar College in 1966 and the originals were returned to the donor after microfilming on reel D254.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels D254 and 688) including twenty-one sketchbooks, photographs, passports and certificates, an 1888 European travel diary of Mary Louise Willard, wife of Gifford's nephew, Harold, and a 1966 letter. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Edith Wilkinson first donated the Sanford Robinson Gifford papers in 1955 and 1957. James C. Gifford donated copy prints of photographs in 1964. Five sketchbooks were lent for microfilming by the Vassar College Art Library in 1966 and George and Frances Gifford Cummings donated additional material in 1973. In 1974, sixteen sketchbooks, photographs, and other materials were lent for microfilming by Dr. Sanford Gifford, Gifford's great-nephew.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
Landscape painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Landscape painting -- 19th century -- New York (State)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers, 1840s-1900, circa 1960s-1970s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.giffsanf
See more items in:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-giffsanf
Online Media:

Julian Alden Weir papers

Creator:
Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919  Search this
Names:
Bastien-Lepage, Jules, 1848-1884  Search this
Baude, Charles  Search this
Beckwith, J. Carroll (James Carroll), 1852-1917  Search this
Dubois, Charles  Search this
Edelfelt, Albert, 1854-1905  Search this
Ely, Caroline Alden, 1884-1974  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Hinckley, Robert C., 1853-1941  Search this
Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906  Search this
Inness, George, 1825-1894  Search this
Peppercorn, A. D.  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson), b. 1841  Search this
Wencker, Joseph  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Young, Dorothy Weir  Search this
Extent:
5 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1869-1966
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence (mostly typed transcripts); scrapbooks; photographs; sketches; notebooks and scrapbooks and clippings compiled by Dorothy Weir Young in preparation for her book, The Life and Letters of J. Alden Weir (1960, Yale University Press).
REEL 70: Typescripts of 31 letters including: correspondence between Weir, his family and friends, 1881; letters to Weir from A. D. Peppercorn, Charles Baude and Robert Hinckley; letters from Weir to his parents; and correspondence with his brother John Ferguson Weir. Also included are 13 original letters, 1881, to Weir from George Inness, Worthington Whittredge, Daniel Huntington and others; 2 exhibition catalogs, 1916 & 1952; 3 indexed scrapbooks, 1892-1916, containing clippings about Weir's paintings, letters, photos and receipts; a scrapbook containing prints by Weir (often several states of each are included), untitled and undated, some of which are of family and friends; a scrapbook of prints, "Etchings- J. A. Weir, Isle of Man 1889"; sketches; photographs; and clippings.
REEL 71: Correspondence (mostly transcripts), 1869-1880, including: over 200 letters from Weir to his parents and 50 to his brother John Ferguson Weir, mostly from Paris where Julian was a student of Jean Leon Gerome and at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts; letters from James Carroll Beckwith, Charles Baude, Wyatt Eaton, Jean Leon Gerome, John Singer Sargent, Albert Edelfelt, Charles Dubois, Filadelfo Simi, John Henry Twachtman, Joseph Wencker, Jules Bastien-Lepage, and his father and brother; excerpts from diaries of trips in Europe; reproductions of works of art and architectural scenes; and miscellany.
REELS 125-126: Notebooks and scrapbooks compiled by Dorothy Weir Young and clippings; catalogs; and correspondence of her sister, Mrs. Caroline Alden Ely (Mrs. Page Ely). The notebooks contain mostly typescripts of letters to and from Weir during 1882-1920, plus some photographs; original letters; and memorabilia. The scrapbooks contain photographs of Weir's works; notes; some original letters; and clippings.
REEL 577: Fragments (45 pp.) of a rough draft of Weir's biography, devoted to Weir's career from 1898 to 1900, with particular reference to the "revolt" of "The Ten" from the Society of American Artists.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, etcher, printmaker; New York, N.Y. and Connecticut. Weir was the son of painter Robert Walter Weir (1803-1889), and brother of painter John Ferguson Weir (1841-1926).
Related Materials:
Researchers should also consult the Weir family papers for additional material of and about Julian Alden Weir.
Provenance:
Material on reels 70-71 & 125-126 lent for microfilming 1971 by Mrs. Caroline Weir Ely (Mrs. Page Ely, d. 1974), sister of Dorothy Weir Young; both daughters of Julian Alden Weir. The donor of the draft of the biography on reel 577 is unspecified.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Connecticut  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.weirjuli
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-weirjuli

Worthington Whittredge letter to John Ferguson Weir

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Names:
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson), b. 1841  Search this
Extent:
1 Item ((on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1871
Scope and Contents:
Frames: 46-52: A letter to [John Ferguson] Weir, Sept. 19, 1871, asking him to send the two pictures back to him; sorry about the death of Weir's father-in-law; he has been in the Catskills since he returned from the West; his wife is "expectant"; "anxious to get to work in my studio".
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, engraver; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Donated 1976 by Letitia Howe.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Engravers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Engraving, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.whitworl
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-whitworl

Worthington Whittredge sale records

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (item (on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1900
Scope and Contents:
A list of oil paintings by Whittredge sold at the estate auction of Othniel C. Marsh, New Haven, Conn., March 1900.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter.
Provenance:
Donated 1975 by Bernard Heinz.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.whitwosr
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-whitwosr

Worthington Whittredge papers

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Names:
Metropolitan Fair (1864:New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Brady, Mathew B., 1823 (ca.)-1896 (Recollections of the art exhibition, Metropolitan Fair)  Search this
Extent:
2.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Photographs
Paintings
Sketchbooks
Date:
circa 1840s-1965
bulk 1849-1908
Summary:
The papers of landscape painter Worthington Whittredge measure 2.2 linear feet and date from the 1840s to 1965, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1849 to 1908. This small collection documents Whittredge's career as a painter, particularly his years in Europe from 1849 to 1859, through biographical materials, a manuscript of his autobiography, news clippings, catalogs, six sketchbooks and numerous drawings and paintings. Also found are two photographs of Whittredge and a nineteenth-century photo album containing photographs of 32 famous artists.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of landscape painter Worthington Whittredge measure 2.2 linear feet and date from the 1840s to 1965, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1849 to 1908. This small collection documents Whittredge's career as a painter, particularly his years in Europe from 1849 to 1859, through biographical materials, a manuscript of his autobiography, news clippings, catalogs, six sketchbooks and numerous drawings and paintings. Also found are two photographs of Whittredge and a nineteenth-century photo album containing photographs of 32 famous artists.

Biographical materials include a manuscript of his autobiography, passport, award certificates, and a ledger he kept while living in Düsseldorf, Germany, that documents commissions, accounts, and business activities. Printed material includes news clippings, catalogs, and the book Recollections of the Art Exhibition, Metropolitan Fair, New York, published by Mathew Brady, which includes a catalog of the art exhibition at the fair and 20 printed images by Brady.

Artwork consists of six sketchbooks and numerous drawings and paintings. The sketchbooks contain drawings Whittredge executed on a trip down the Rhine River in 1849 as well as during his travels in Italy and Mexico. Other loose drawings and paintings include numerous landscapes, figure studies, trees, animals, and other miscellaneous sketches.

There are two photographs of Whittredge, taken by M. Louise Greene, and a nineteenth-century photo album containing cartes de visite photographs of 32 artists. Most of these photographs include the artists autograph as well. Included are Albert Bierstadt, George H. Baker, William Holbrook Beard, Albert F. Bellows, John G. Brown, Seth Wells Cheney, Frederic Church, Jasper Cropsey, Thomas Seir Cummings, Mauritz De Haas, Francois Regis Gignoux, Henry Peters Gray, Seymour Guy, George Henry Hall, William Hart, William Hennessy, Richard W. Hubbard, Daniel Huntington, Henry Augustus Loop, Jervis McEntee, Samuel F. B. Morse, William Page, Horace Wolcott Robbins, Aaron Shattuck, James Augustus Suydam, Launt Thompson, Robert W. Weir, Henry Wenzler, Edwin White, and George Yewell, and two unidentified artists.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 4 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1849-circa 1940s (Box 1, 5, OV 9; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 2: Printed Material, 1861-1965 (Box 1, 4, 5, OV9; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 3: Artwork, circa 1840s-1902 (Box 2, 5, OV 6-9; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 4: Photographs, circa 1850s-1860s, circa 1900 (Box 2-3; 0.3 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Thomas Worthington Whittredge (1820-1910) was born in 1820 in Springfield, Ohio. Receiving very little formal education, he moved to Cincinnati, Ohio at the age of 17 to serve as an apprentice house and sign painter. A few years later, in his early twenties, he briefly ran a daguerreotype studio in Indianapolis, Indiana, and worked as a portrait painter in Charleston, West Virginia.

In 1843 Whittredge decided to pursue landscape painting, and was greatly influenced by Hudson River School artist Thomas Cole. In 1849 he traveled to Düsseldorf, Germany, to further his training at the Düsseldorf Academy. There, he met painter Emanuel Leutze and modeled for Leutze's painting Washington Crossing the Delaware (1850). He lived for a year in the home of landscape painter Andreas Achenbach and became friends with Carl Friedrich Lessing. Whittredge spent the summer of 1856 sketching in Switzerland with Albert Bierstadt. That fall Whittredge and Bierstadt moved to Rome where they were joined by fellow artists Sanford Robinson Gifford and William Stanley Haseltine.

Whittredge stayed in Italy until 1859 when he returned to America and settled in New York City, renting a space at Richard Morris Hunt's famous Tenth Street Studio Building, which was frequented by some of the best-known artists, writers, and actors of the time. He kept company with Jervis McEntee, Eastman Johnson, Sanford Robinson Gifford, John Ferguson Weir, and other artists of the "old guard". Whittredge quickly became a very successful artist, adapting what he had learned in Europe to the American landscape. He was elected to the National Academy of Design in 1860 and became a full member in 1862. He also served as President of the National Academy of Design from 1874 to 1877.

In 1866 Whittredge went along on a government inspection tour of the Missouri Territory and was greatly inspired by the landscape. He traveled to Colorado in 1870 with John Frederick Kensett and Sanford Gifford and, in the late 1870s, began painting these new landscapes. He moved with his family to Summit, New Jersey, in 1880. In 1893 he went on a sketching trip to Mexico with fellow artist Frederic Church and continued painting into the early 1900s. Around this time he also began writing his autobiography which he completed in 1905. Worthington Whittredge died in 1910 at the age of 89.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are several collections relating to Whitteredge: the Anthony F. Janson research material on Worthington Whittredge, 1969-2003; the Worthington Whittredge sale records, 1900; the Edith Wilkinson Letter to E.P. Richardson and biographical notes on Worthington Whittredge, 1957; and a Worthington Whittredge letter to John Ferguson Weir, 1871.
Separated Material:
One sketchbook was loaned by William W. Katzenbach for microfilming in 1959 and returned. Loaned material is available on microfilm reel 153, but is not described in container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
The Worthington Whittredge papers were donated by William W. and L. Emery Katzenbach, grandsons of Whittredge, in 1959. Additional items were donated by William W. Katzenbach in 1968.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Landscape painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Paintings
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.whitwort
See more items in:
Worthington Whittredge papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-whitwort
Online Media:

William E. Katzenbach papers

Creator:
Katzenbach, William  Search this
Names:
American Federation of Arts. Decorative Arts Exhibition Program  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Katzenbach, Lois  Search this
Matisse, Henri, 1869-1954  Search this
Matta, 1912-2002  Search this
Miró, Joan, 1893-  Search this
Whittredge, Euphemia Foote, b. 1874  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Extent:
3.7 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 1 reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1948-1970
Scope and Contents:
Exhibition material, correspondence, photographs, financial records, scrapbooks, catalogs, and printed material.
REEL 3891: Four silkscreened samples of mural scrolls designed by Alexander Calder, Henri Matisse, Roberto Matta, and Joan Miro, undated and 1948; 3 photographs of Worthington Whittredge and one of his wife, Euphemia Foote Whittredge; 5 photographs, including one color transparency, of William and Lois Katzenbach and their children.
UNMICROFILMED: Organizational and administrative materials relating to the two exhibitions sponsored by the Decorative Arts Exhibition Program of the American Federation of Arts, "Threads of History," 1965 and "Please Be Seated," 1968. Included are correspondence with sponsors, craftsmen, the textile and furniture industries, and museums; ca. 40 photographs of the exhibits; receipts and financial records; 2 scrapbooks of textile samples; one carton of catalogs and brochures of local craftsmen, their schools, and cooperatives; wall paper samples; and printed materials.
Biographical / Historical:
Designer, art administrator, lecturer; New York, N.Y. Katzenbach was coordinator of the Decorative Arts Exhibition Program of the American Federation of Arts which was functioned to "bridge the gap between art and industry" and to acquaint the public with good design.
Provenance:
Unmicrofilmed material donated 1974 by Katzenbach. Microfilmed material donated 1983-1984 by Katzenbach's widow, Lois Katzenbach.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Designers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Design -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Decorative arts -- New York (State) -- New York -- Exhibitions  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.katzwill
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-katzwill

William T. Evans letters

Creator:
Evans, William T., 1843-1918  Search this
Names:
American Watercolor Society  Search this
Salmagundi Club  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Brown, John George, 1831-1913  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Coffin, William A. (William Anderson), 1855-1925  Search this
Dewing, Thomas Wilmer, 1851-1938  Search this
Hassam, Childe, 1859-1935  Search this
Homer, Winslow, 1836-1910  Search this
Inness, George, 1825-1894  Search this
Johnson, Eastman, 1824-1906  Search this
Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham, 1847-1917  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Extent:
0.01 Linear feet (ca. 900 items (on 3 micofilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1842-1969
Scope and Contents:
Printed material and letters to Evans from collectors, dealers, and artists. Letters discuss business matters including the Munich International Art Exposition 1883, the American Watercolor Society, the Salmagundi Club, the Lotos Club, and Evans loaning work from his private collection for exhibitions, requests from artists wanting Evans to comment on and handle their work, thank you notes and invitations to openings and dinners. Significant correspondents include George Inness, Childe Hassam, Thomas W. Dewing, Worthington Whittredge, Albert Pinkham Ryder, Frederic Edwin Church, Joseph Pennell, Albert Bierstadt, Winslow Homer, Rembrandt Peale, Hobart Nichols, John George Brown, William A. Coffin and Eastman Johnson.
Biographical / Historical:
Art patron and collector. Born in Ireland, he came to the United States as a child. He gave collections of paintings to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. and the Montclair Museum.
Provenance:
Letters on reels 4054-4055 were lent to the Assistant Curator of Painting and Sculpture, National Collection of Fine Arts in 1970 by Robert Price who acquired them along with paintings from Evans' estate and elsewhere. They were photocopied and the copies were given to the NCFA-PG Librarian, who transferred them to the Archives of American Art in 1979. In 1988 the copies were microfilmed by the Archives and discarded. The original letter on reel 2804 was transfered from NMAA, 1981.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art patrons  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.evanwill
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-evanwill

James Lawrence Claghorn papers

Creator:
Claghorn, James Lawrence, 1817-1884  Search this
Names:
Goupil & Cie  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Kensett, John Frederick, 1816-1872  Search this
Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873  Search this
Read, Thomas Buchanan, 1822-1872  Search this
Rothermel, Peter Frederick, 1812-1895  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1849-1882
Scope and Contents:
Letters (1849-1856), business records (1849-1856), a visitors' register (1873-1885), and a scrapbook (ca. 1866-1885) concern the acquisition of paintings and prints for Claghorn's collection.
REEL 3580: 37 letters (1849-1882) to Claghorn regard his art collection and dealing activities and include letters from Goupil & Cie., J. Crumby, who served as a purchasing agent, Frederic Edwin Church, John Frederick Kensett, Hiram Powers, Thomas Buchanan Read, Peter F. Rothermel, and Thomas Worthington Whittredge.
REEL 4131: Visitors Register, March 18, 1873-Jan. 1885, containing names and addresses of those who viewed the Claghorn Collection; many artists, local art students and instructors, and foreign visitors are listed. Scrapbook, most likely compiled by Claghorn with posthumous entries added by family, contains mainly newspaper clippings concerning Claghorn, his collections, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, art activities in Philadelphia, and artists (particularly printmakers); also includes photograph of Seymour Haden, catalogs of the Claghorn Collection, admission tickets, reprints of lengthy articles about Claghorn and his collections, and a few letters to J. Raymond Claghorn [son of James L.] regarding the disposition of the collection and its sale to Thomas Harrison Garrett.
REEL 4152: 88 letters (1848-1864) from various agents in New York and Europe regard purchases of paintings, prints and sculpture by artists, including Asher B. Durand and Worthington Whittredge. Four letters regard paintings to be exhibited at the Great Sanitary Fair. Nine letters (1855-1864) from Thomas Buchanan Read regard his activities in England. Read's letters from Cincinnati discuss his poetry and commissions for his paintings.
Biographical / Historical:
Collector and art patron; Philadelphia, Pa. Claghorn was an officer of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and the Philadelphia School of Design for Women. Best known for his print collection, he began by collecting paintings by American artists, ca. 1840. In 1877, he sold his painting collection in order to devote his efforts to his print collection. His private gallery in Philadelphia was open to visitors, and selections from the Claghorn Collection were exhibited in other cities. After his death, his print collection was purchased by Thomas Harrison Garrett, and thereafter was known as the Garrett Collection. After being on long-term loan to the Library of Congress between 1904 and 1930, the collection is now owned by the Baltimore Museum of Art.
Related Materials:
Also in the Archives on microfilm only are papers lent for microfilming by the Philadelphia Maritime Museum (reel 3581), including: letters and receipts addressed to Claghorn document the purchase and sale of American and European paintings and prints (1849-1856). There are also inventories of shipments. Letters frequently include titles and prices.
Provenance:
Materials on reel 3581 were borrowed for filming from Philadelphia Maritime Museum. Materials on reel 3580 were borrowed for filming from John W. Claghorn on July 16, 1985, and were later donated to the Archives of American Art by his descendant Frederic S. Claghorn along with additional letters appearing on reel 4152. Material on reel 4131 was donated by Mabel Claghorn Bulkeley, granddaughter of James L. Claghorn.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Art museum attendance  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.clagjame
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-clagjame

William Cullen Bryant and Parke Godwin papers

Creator:
Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878  Search this
Godwin, Parke, 1816-1904  Search this
Names:
Adams, Herbert, 1858-1945  Search this
Alexander, John White, 1856-1915  Search this
Beard, W. H. (William Holbrook), 1824-1900  Search this
Benson, Eugene, 1837-1908  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Bispham, William  Search this
Brackett, Edward Augustus, 1818-1908  Search this
Brown, George Loring, 1814-1889  Search this
Brown, Henry Kirke, 1814-1886  Search this
Brown, John George, 1831-1913  Search this
Chapman, J. G. (John Gadsby), 1808-1889  Search this
Coffin, William A. (William Anderson), 1855-1925  Search this
Cozzens, Frederic S. (Frederic Swartwout), 1818-1869  Search this
Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892  Search this
Dix, Charles Temple, 1840-1873  Search this
Edmonds, Francis William, 1806-1863  Search this
Ehninger, John Whetten, 1827-1889  Search this
Gignoux, Régis François, 1816-1882  Search this
Greenough, Horatio, 1805-1852  Search this
Hall, George Henry, 1825-1913  Search this
Hicks, Thomas, 1823-1890  Search this
Howland, Alfred Cornelius, 1838-1909  Search this
Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906  Search this
Hutton, Lawrence  Search this
Jefferson, Joseph, 1829-1905  Search this
Johnson, Eastman, 1824-1906  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Lang, Louis, 1814-1893  Search this
Laurence, Samuel, 1812-1884  Search this
Lippincott, William H. (William Henry), 1849-1920  Search this
Mayer, Frank Blackwell, 1827-1899  Search this
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Miller, Charles Henry, 1842-1922  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Noble, Louis L.  Search this
Noble, Thomas Satterwhite, 1835-1907  Search this
O'Donovan, William Rudolph, 1844-1920  Search this
Oertel, Johannes Adam Simon, 1823-1909  Search this
Richards, T. Addison (Thomas Addison), 1820-1900  Search this
Robbins, Horace Wolcott, 1842-1904  Search this
Rogers, John, 1829-1904  Search this
Rossiter, Thomas Prichard, 1818-1871  Search this
Rowse, Samuel Worcester, 1822-1901  Search this
Sarony, Napoleon, 1821-1896  Search this
Smillie, James David, 1833-1909  Search this
Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878  Search this
Thompson, Cephas Giovanni, 1809-1888  Search this
Thompson, Launt, 1833-1894  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson), b. 1841  Search this
Weir, Robert Walter, 1803-1889  Search this
White, Edwin D., 1817-1877  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Wood, Thomas Waterman, 1823-1903  Search this
Extent:
200 Items ((on 2 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1821-1901
Scope and Contents:
Letters and printed material.
Reel N5: Correspondence of Bryant and Godwin.
Correspondents include: John White Alexander, William H. Beard, Eugene Benson, Albert Bierstadt, William Bispham, Edward A. Brackett, George L. Brown, Henry Kirke Brown, John G. Brown, John G. Chapman, William A. Coffin, Frederick S. Cozzens, Christopher P. Cranch, Charles T. Dix, Francis W. Edmonds, John W. Ehninger, Regis F. Gignoux, Horatio Greenough, George H. Hall, Thomas Hicks, Alfred C. Howland, Daniel P. Huntington, Laurence Hutton, Joseph Jefferson, Eastman Johnson, John LaFarge, Louis Lang, Samuel Laurence, William H. Lippincott, Jervis McEntee, Frank B. Mayer, Charles H. Miller, Samuel F. B. Morse, Louis L. Noble, Thomas S. Noble, William R. O'Donovan, Johannes A. S. Oertel, Thomas A. Richards, Horace W. Robbins, John Rogers, Thomas P. Rossiter, Samuel W. Rowse, Napoleon Sarony, James D. Smillie, Bayard Taylor, Cephas G. Thompson, Launt A. Thompson, John Q. A. Ward, John F. Weir, Robert W. Weir, Edwin D. White, Worthington Whittredge, and Thomas W. Wood.
Reel N25: A calling card of Herbert Adams; a letter to Mrs. Frederic N. Goddard from Adams, returning photographs of Bryant; and a letter to Bryant from F. Tabbot about his painting of a forest.
Biographical / Historical:
Poet; New York City. Bryant's son-in-law, Parke Godwin, was an author, one of whose books was a biography of Bryant, THE LIFE AND WORKS OF WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT, 1883.
Other Title:
Bryant-Godwin collection (NYPL microfilm title)
Provenance:
Microfilmed 1956 by the Archives of American Art with other art-related papers in the Manuscript Division of the New York Public Library. Included in the microfilming project were selected papers of the Art Division and the Prints Division.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Poets -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.bryawill
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bryawill

Oral history interview with Philip Rhys Adams

Interviewee:
Adams, Philip Rhys, 1908-1993  Search this
Interviewer:
Bruner, Louise Katherine, 1910-  Search this
Names:
Cincinnati Art Museum  Search this
Dine, Jim, 1935-  Search this
Duveneck, Frank, 1848-1919  Search this
Francis, Henry Sayles, 1902-1994  Search this
Wesselmann, Tom, 1931-2004  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Extent:
80 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1976 September 29
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Philip Rhys Adams conducted 1976 September 29, by Louise Bruner, for the Archives of American Art.
Adams discusses the development of the Cincinnati Art Museum and the arrangement of its collections; gifts to the Museum from John Josiah Emery, Mary Emery, Herbert Greer French, Mary Hanna and Mary Johnston; Cincinnati artists including Jim Dine, Frank Duveneck, Henry Francis, Tom Wesselman, and Worthington Whittredge; the expense of a loan exhibition versus museum purchases; and the Contemporary Arts Center and other educational programs. Adams also summarizes his educational background and career.
Biographical / Historical:
Philip Rhys Adams (1908-1993) was the museum director of Cincinnati Art Museum.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 5 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hrs., 39 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Topic:
Museum directors -- Ohio -- Interviews  Search this
Function:
Art museums -- Ohio -- Cincinnati
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.adams76
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-adams76

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By