Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
3 documents - page 1 of 1

William Trost Richards papers

Creator:
Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905  Search this
Names:
Avery, Samuel Putnam, 1822-1904  Search this
Coates, Edward Hornor, 1846-1921  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Lambdin, George Cochran, 1830-1896  Search this
Lanman, Charles, 1819-1895  Search this
Whitney, George, d. 1885  Search this
Wilcox, William H.  Search this
Extent:
1.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Daguerreotypes
Photographs
Date:
1848-1920
Summary:
The William Trost Richards papers measure 1.8 linear feet and date from 1848-1920. The collection documents Richards' personal life and his career as a landscape and seascape painter. The collection consists of correspondence, writings, business files, printed material, photographs, and other miscellaneous materials.
Scope and Contents note:
The William Trost Richards papers measure 1.8 linear feet and date from 1848-1920. The collection documents Richards' personal life and his career as a landscape and seascape painter. The collection consists of correspondence, writings, business files, printed material, photographs, and other miscellaneous materials.

Correspondence files date from 1851 to 1917 and include family correspondence between Richards and his wife Anna as well as with their children. Of note are letters written by William Trost Richards to his wife while he was in Europe, which include many illustrations of his travels. Also found is general correspondence of a personal and professional nature between Richards and friends, artists, art dealers, and collectors, many of whom played a prominent role in Philadelphia society. Writings include essays written by Richards, homemade magazines written and illustrated by the Richards family, and writings by his wife Anna and others. Business files contain financial, legal, and real estate records, and printed material contains an exhibition catalog from 1976, news clippings, and event programs. Miscellany found in this collection include artwork by others, and inventory of paintings by others, compiled by Richards, and an interview transcript with Miriam Thayer Richards. Photographs include images of Richards, his wife Anna, and their home in Newport, Rhode Island.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into 6 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Correspondence, 1851-1917, undated (Box 1-2; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 2: Writings, 1849-1905, undated (Box 2-4; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Business Files, 1865-1920, undated (Box 4; 3 folders)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1850-1906, 1976, undated (Box 4-5; 5 folders)

Series 5: Miscellany, 1848-1876, undated (Box 5; 5 folders)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1850-1900 (Box 5; 7 folders)
Biographical/Historical note:
William Trost Richards was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1833. From 1850 to 1858 he worked as a designer and illustrator of ornamental metalwork, and briefly studied draughtsmanship and painting with the German artist Paul Weber. Richards was also an active member of the Forensic and Literary Circle of Philadelphia during the early 1850s. In 1852 he had his first exhibition at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and a year later was elected a full Academician. He had great interest in landscapes and geological subjects, and spent summers sketching in the Catskills and Adirondacks. From 1855 to 1856 Richards toured Europe with William Stanley Haseltine and Alexander Lawrie, and was influenced by the Dusseldorf school of landscape painters.

Richards married aspiring poetess Anna Matlack in 1856, and they settled in Germantown, Pennsylvania, where they had eight children, five of which survived to adulthood. In 1858 he attended an exhibition of British art in Philadelphia, and was greatly influenced by the works of Pre-Raphaelite painters. He began painting outdoors, executing precise, naturalistic, yet atmospheric, landscapes. In 1862 he joined the National Academy of Design, and in 1863 joined the Society for the Advancement of Truth in Art, an American Pre-Raphaelite organization. From 1868 to 1874, Richards spent summers on the East Coast and began focusing on marine subjects painted in watercolor, exhibiting often with the American Watercolor Society. Richards also traveled to Europe several times, and lived there from 1879-1880 while trying to find a new direction for his artwork. In 1881 he built a summer house for his family in Newport, Rhode Island and moved there permanently in 1890. His wife Anna died in 1900, and he continued to paint landscapes and seascapes until his death in 1905.
Related Archival Materials note:
Also available on microfilm at the Archives are the Geoge Whitney papers relating to William Trost Richards, 1875-1885, which includes 112 watercolors and an oil painting by William Trost Richards. These items were lent anonymously in 1979 and returned to the lender after they were filmed. They are available on reels 1497.
Provenance:
The bulk of the collection was donated in 1980 by Mrs. James B. Conant, Richards's granddaughter. The Archives microfilmed this portion of the collection on reels 2296-2299 upon receipt. The inventory of paintings by others was donated by Victor Spark in 1954 and filmed on reel 3470.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Marine painters -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Marine painting -- 19th century -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Landscape painting -- 19th century -- Pennsylvania -- Germantown  Search this
Landscape painters -- Pennsylvania -- Germantown  Search this
Genre/Form:
Daguerreotypes
Photographs
Citation:
William Trost Richards papers, 1848-1920. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.richwill
See more items in:
William Trost Richards papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b8b6c315-02ac-406e-a08f-b0851fc2df78
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-richwill
Online Media:

Papers relating to the sale of George Whitney's art collection

Creator:
Whitney, George, d. 1885  Search this
Names:
Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905  Search this
Whitney, George, d. 1885  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet ((7 items))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Collection contains an album, "The Whitney collection", with 42 carbon prints of paintings in Whitney's collection as well as news clippings relating to the sale of the collection (some items are loose), and a folder with additional clippings on the sale (1885), an article from the Philadelphia Inquirer on William Trost Richards (1973), and a catalogue, "The works of Mr. Wm. T. Richards in the collection of American and foreign paintings to be sold on the account of the late Mr. George Whitney of Philadelphia, on exhibition at the Galleries of the American Art Association." These materials are microfilmed on reel 2029.
In 1979, an anonymous lender lent papers for microfilming (reel 1497), including 112 watercolor sketches and an oil painting, 1875-1889, received by George Whitney in the 1870s and 1880s from William Trost Richards. The artworks mainly depict Rhode Island (primarily Conanicut Island) and England. Most sketches are annotated on the verso with the subject matter and the date they were received by Whitney.
Biographical / Historical:
George Whitney (d. 1885) was a collector; Philadelphia, Pa., and Richards a marine and landscape painter, Rhode Island and Pennsylvania (b. 1833, d. 1905).
Provenance:
The album, catalog and clippings were initially lent for microfilming by Elizabeth H. Friedman, a descendent of Whitney, in 1979. She subsequently donated these materials in 1980. The sketches and painting on reel 1409 were lent for microfilming anonymously.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Marine painters  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Marine painting -- 19th century -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.whitgeor
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90ca252b3-b69c-45ef-ae1c-5aa7916d2f1d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-whitgeor

George Whitney letters to Henry Hill Collins relating to William Trost Richards

Creator:
Whitney, George, d. 1885  Search this
Names:
Collins, Henry Hill  Search this
Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905  Search this
Extent:
2 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1880
Scope and Contents:
Two letters, March 2 and April 16, from George Whitney to prominent business owner Henry Hill Collins concerning the potential sale to Mr. Collins of the landscape painting "Lion Rock, Cornwall" by artist William Trost Richards. The letters include a detailed description of the painted scene, Richard's painting technique, and the price of the painting. Wright also writes "It is the best work that Mr. R (Richards) has ever done."
Biographical / Historical:
George Whitney (d. 1885) was an art collector from Philadelphia, Penn.
Provenance:
Donated 2007 by Polly Aird, Collins' great-grandaughter.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Identifier:
AAA.whitgeor1
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9dfabef61-619e-47bc-ac30-ad2cd70847da
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-whitgeor1

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By
  • Archives of American Art