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E. Murdock and Company Records

Murdock, E. (Woodware Manufacturing)  Search this
New England Woodenware Corporation  Search this
Whitney, Elisha  Search this
Whitney, William  Search this
0.33 Cubic feet (4 boxes)
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business letters
Business records
Massachusetts, Winchendon
Massachusetts, Gardener
New Hampshire
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of correspondence from customers, catalogues, statements, and receipts from various shipping companies. Also included are price lists, bulletins, advertisements, and a census report. These papers indicate the kinds and the amounts of transactions that E. Murdock & Co. engaged in throughout most of its history.

The correspondence includes customers ranging from grocers, oil manufacturers and paper manufacturers to other woodenware manufacturers who ordered items from Murdock's companies. This series is arranged chronologically.

The monthly statements and receipts from Murdock's customers include shipment confirmations by freight companies.
This collection is organized into four series.

Series 1: Correspondence, 1866 June-1939 January

Series 2: Statements/receipts and shipment confirmations, 1863-1914

Series 3: Price lists and Catalogs, 1890-1928

Series 4: Miscellaneous, 1884-1954
Biographical / Historical:
The E. Murdock & Company was founded by Elisha Murdock in 1834. Murdock was from Winchendon, Massachusetts, a small town outside of Boston. He was the third child of Ephraim and Zibah Murdock. He was born on August 27, 1802.

Elisha Murdock's family had many industrial and educational pursuits. His father, a builder of sleighs, founded the first public high school in Winchendon, Massachusetts in 1843. Eventually his son Ephraim Murdock, Jr. established in 1887 a self-supporting high school in Winchendon named The Murdock School, was considered one of the best equipped high schools in Massachusetts and in 1961, the school became known as "The Murdock Junior High School.

Elisha worked in the manufacturing of tubs, pails, and other wood wares using machinery invented by his father. For 100 years, from 1831-1931, Winchendon was known as "The Home of Woodenware Manufacture."

In 1840, Murdock's first woodenware factory in Winchendon burned. In 1895, a second fire destroyed an even larger plant. After the 1895 fire, however, a new factory was erected and a variety of products were offered.

Murdock also established a plant in Boston, in the industrial area of Market Street. The Boston plant was listed in the city directory until 1882. In 1882, Elisha Murdock died and the company's leadership was handed over to William and Elisha Whitney.

From 1883-1929, little is recorded about E. Murdock & Company. In 1929, Murdock's Company, Keene Woodworking Company in New Hampshire and the West Swanzey plant, merged to form the New England Woodenware Corporation. However, the Winchendon unit was still supervised by Elisha and William Whitney, with 225 employees. According to Murdock's great-great-granddaughter Margaret Urquhart, the company moved from Massachusetts to New Hampshire in 1958, where it became a personal holding company with no employees. In 1951, the company stopped producing wooden artifacts and began producing boxes. In 1982, the company moved from Winchendon to Gardener, Massachusetts.

The Murdock family, through marriage, was related to the Whitney family. While the Whitneys produced woodworking machines, Murdock's company manufactured woodenware products for a century. Eventually, the Whitneys managed E. Murdock and Co. for over twenty years.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series: Woodenware (AC0060)
Collection donated by Margaret Urqhart, President, E. Murdock, Inc., January 15, 1987.
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at or 202-633-3270.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Manufacturing  Search this
Box making  Search this
Wood  Search this
Business letters
Business records
E. Murdock Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
E. Murdock and Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Dr. Elisha Whitney (1747-1807), (painting)

Sherry, Ellen A. (possibly by)  Search this
Whitney, Elisha  Search this
Beverly Historical Society 117 Cabot Street Beverly Massachusetts 01915
Ca. 1790
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82110903
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums

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