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Earl Shaffer Papers

Author:
Shaffer, Earl V., 1918-  Search this
Extent:
16 Cubic feet (46 boxes, 14 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Appalachian Trail
West Virginia -- Trails and roads
Tennessee
Maryland
Geography -- Maine
Pennsylvania
Virginia
Date:
bulk 1803 - 2007, undated
Summary:
This collection contains the trail diaries, papers, photographs and slides, and writings of Earl V. Shaffer, the man credited with being the first person to hike the entire Appalachian Trail (AT). His complete trail hikes took place in 1948, 1965, and 1998. He was also a hiking and nature enthusiast and advocate.
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains correspondence, trail diaries (including those from Shaffer's 1948, 1965 and 1998 hikes of the Appalachian Trail), maps and trail guides, writings (most notably drafts of Walking With Spring), galley proofs from his final book Calling Me Back to the Hills, and printed material from hiking and environmental organizations. The collection contains items relating to Shaffer's early life and education, such as diplomas, a baptismal certificate, papers from his years in elementary school, and materials relating to his Army service. One extremely important item found in Series 5 is an article by Benton MacKaye (founder of the AT) that is inscribed to Earl from the author. The bulk of the collection spans the years 1903-2002. There is one item from 1803 (a land deed) and one item each, compact discs, from 2004 and 2007. The collection is divided into five series. Addendums were donated in 2004, 2007, 2008, and 2012 consisting of additional letters and poetry, and a book of poetry entitled South of the Sunset.
Arrangement:
This collection is divided into five series.

Series 1: Biographical information, 1803-2006

Subseries 1.1: Shaffer Family Papers, 1873-1998

Subseries 1.2: Education, 1918-1980, undated

Subseries 1.3: Army, 1940-1948, undated

Subseries 1.4: Personal Documents, 1803-2006, undated

Subseries 1.5: Correspondence, 1945-2005, undated

Series 2: Materials Related to Hiking, 1935-2002

Subseries 2.1: Trail Notes, Diaries and General Information, 1935-1998, undated

Subseries 2.2: Photographs and Slides, 1940-2001, undated

Subseries 2.3: Maps and Plats, 1936-1998, undated

Series 3: Writing and Related Materials, 1910-2007, undated

Series 4: Hiking Associations and Clubs, 1937-2002, undated

Series 5: Collected Publications, 1910-1999, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Earl Victor Shaffer (1918-2002) is credited as the first person to hike the entire Appalachian Trail (AT) from Georgia to Maine. Shaffer was born on November 8th, 1918 in York, Pennsylvania to Daniel and Frances Gallagher Shaffer. One of his most influential childhood friends was Walter Winemiller. Shaffer termed Winemiller, ". . . the most capable outdoorsman I had ever known." They grew up together in and around York. When WWII broke out Shaffer joined the Army and Winemiller joined the Marines. Shaffer served in the Army Signal Corps from April 15, 1941 to September 17, 1945. Three years and three months of his service was in the Pacific Theatre based in Hawaii but for a good amount of time on detached service on various outposts and combat islands. Winemiller died in the assault on Iwo Jima and Shaffer's decision to hike the AT in 1948 was in his own words a testament to his friend and ". . . to eradicate as much as possible the lingering effects of that wartime service in the tropics." He wrote that when he was in the army the three books he had with him were the Bible, an Oxford English Dictionary and a volume of Rudyard Kipling's poems. It was during his time in the army that his love of writing poetry manifested itself.

Shaffer hiked the entire AT for the first time in 1948 traveling south to north. This trek is detailed in his book Walking With Spring. For the rest of his life Shaffer was a trail enthusiast and participated in local and national hiking clubs and events. In 1951 Shaffer was named corresponding secretary for the Appalachian Trail Conference (ATC). Shaffer hiked the AT north to south in 1965. Shaffer lived his entire life in and around York, Pennsylvania. He wanted to purchase property for a permanent home near the Appalachian Trail. This dream almost became a reality in the 1980s when Shaffer purchased a small parcel of land near the trail. With the ramifications of the 1968 National Trails System Act and the land purchasing policies of the National Park Service conflicting with his desires Shaffer sold his land near the trail to the National Park Service and broke ties with the ATC over their handling of the affair.

Shaffer continued writing poetry throughout his life. He wrote prose almost always centered on his experiences in the army or while hiking. He self published Walking With Spring in 1981. In 1983, the ATC published the work with Shaffer donating his share of the proceeds to the ATC. In 1998, Shaffer decided to undertake a 50th Anniversary hike commemorating his 1948 hike of the entire AT. He was seventy-nine years old. He completed the hike in October 1998 and gained much national notoriety for it. Shaffer was a carpenter and beekeeper. He also refinished and repaired furniture. Shaffer never married but maintained ties to a large, extended, and supportive family. Shaffer's health gradually deteriorated after his last AT hike and he died on May 5, 2002. The Earl Shaffer Foundation was founded in his honor and is based in York, Pennsylvania.
Separated Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

The Division of Culture and the Arts contain the following:

Accession#: 2002.0195

Kodak camera used by Earl Shaffer on his first thru-hike of the Appalachian Trail in 1948 and the flannel shirt, cotton trousers, leather hiking books, knit cap, and canvas backpack he used for his 1998 hike.

Accession#: 1999.0189

Backpack, boots, pith helmet, head net, poncho, and a cook-set, all used by Earl Shaffer on two of his hikes of the Appalachian Trail, 1948 and 1965.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian in April 2003 by John Shaffer, Earl V. Shaffer's brother.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use reference copies of diaries.
Rights:
Copyrights to all donated materials, both printed and photographic, are retained exclusively by the Earl Shaffer Foundation.
Topic:
Sports  Search this
Trails  Search this
Citation:
Earl Shaffer Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0828
See more items in:
Earl Shaffer Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0828
Online Media:

MS 2156 Trails in the Vicinity of Bluefield [West Virginia]

Creator:
Myer, William Edward, 1862-1923  Search this
Extent:
45 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Place:
West Virginia -- Trails and roads
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Pages variously numbered.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2156
Local Note:
typescript document
Topic:
Trails and roads -- West Virginia  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2156, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2156
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2156

MS 3091 Trail Maps of the Southeastern United States

Creator:
Myer, William Edward, 1862-1923  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Place:
Alabama -- Trails and roads
South Carolina -- Trails and roads
Mississippi -- Trails and roads
West Virginia -- Trails and roads
Georgia -- Trails and roads
Florida -- Trails and roads
Virginia -- Trails and roads
Kentucky -- Trails and roads
Tennessee -- Trails and roads
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Includes maps of: Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Mississippi, West Virginia, Georgia, Louisiana, Florida, Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3091
Local Note:
In map case.
Used in 42nd A. R.
Topic:
Trails and roads -- Alabama  Search this
Trails and roads -- North Carolina  Search this
Trails and roads -- South Carolina  Search this
Trails and roads -- Mississippi  Search this
Trails and roads -- West Virginia  Search this
Trails and roads -- Georgia  Search this
Trails and roads -- Louisiana  Search this
Trails and roads -- Florida  Search this
Trails and roads -- Virginia  Search this
Trails and roads -- Kentucky  Search this
Trails and roads -- Tennessee  Search this
North Carolina -- Trails and roads  Search this
Louisiana -- Trails and roads  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Citation:
Manuscript 3091, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3091
See more items in:
MS 3091 Trail Maps of the Southeastern United States
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3091

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191927
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/342954edc-e3c6-4fb0-bbbf-a9a24bca9f71
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411751

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191928
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3db329f67-9e5c-4c99-9458-87e3561ca515
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411752

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191929
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3df058af9-6553-4e8b-b955-bcb440dafa04
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411753

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191930
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/302c60844-e14d-427d-958a-fa0a3a9d24d7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411754

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191931
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f78466fb-e2d6-4b43-b47b-ebcce7e1c925
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411755

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191932
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f7fbd3ad-761c-481a-8132-7ccc1d46bfda
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411756

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191933
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38ce6d304-d106-40c7-8dd8-f2cd958b5bb9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411757

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191934
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35ff4eee2-618e-45cc-a639-91479ac62046
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411758

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191935
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3b7581a71-b594-4b31-829d-b97976f3964d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411759

Desmognathus ochrophaeus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Desmognathus ochrophaeus
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191936
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3266d2494-0544-4891-a5a4-2d8116a6395f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411760

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191937
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/306ccff2e-f217-483a-897f-c9d4d0fcb2ab
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411761

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191938
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d7e8bac8-f920-4fd9-b456-0532711b514e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411762

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191939
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/380aad143-50f9-4aed-a343-cb1e86b0cc2d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411763

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191940
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d64aac79-a0eb-425d-9fa2-f908446ff4eb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411764

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191941
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c60adbf6-52d1-4d14-8f76-4376150c6e2a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411765

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191942
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/34f24b80b-3b72-46ac-959d-a1690e0eb418
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411766

Plethodon cinereus

Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Monongahela National Forest, at junction of Little Black Fork trail and road from Bear Heaven to Bickle Knob, 1.7 mi W of Bear Heaven, Randolph, West Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
16 Oct 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae
Published Name:
Plethodon cinereus
Accession Number:
394866
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 65-458
USNM Number:
191943
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/331a25dc9-9952-499a-ade2-ffc62bb2cb12
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6411767

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