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Herman Leonard Photographic Collection

Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Former owner:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Names:
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Bennett, Tony, 1926-  Search this
Blakey, Art, 1919-1990  Search this
Brown, Clifford Mr  Search this
Camero, Candido, 1921-  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Garner, Erroll  Search this
Getz, Stan, 1927-1991  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-  Search this
Gordon, Dexter, 1923-1990  Search this
Haig, Al, 1924-1982  Search this
Heath, Percy, 1923-2005  Search this
Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
Marsalis, Wynton, 1961-  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Pettiford, Oscar, 1922-1960  Search this
Roach, Max, 1924-2007  Search this
Russell, Curly  Search this
Sims, Zoot  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Stitt, Sonny  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Terry, Clark  Search this
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Young, Lester, 1909-1959  Search this
Extent:
5.6 Cubic feet (10 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1948-1993
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 110 black-and-white photographic prints depicting musicians performing at various American and European jazz clubs between 1948 and 1991. The collection contains mounted and unmounted 11" x 14" and 16" x 20" prints made by Leonard. Artists represented among these photographs are Billie Holiday, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Duke Ellington, Frank Sinatra, Lester Young, Louis Armstrong, Miles Davis, and Thelonious Monk. The photographs are organized into three series: Series 1: 11"x 14" prints, Series 2: 16" x 20" prints, and Series 3: Addenda. The series are arranged alphabetically by performer's last name. Unmatted 16" x 20" prints can be found in box 2 but are listed alphabetically by performer.
Biographical / Historical:
Herman Leonard (1923‑ ) was born in Allentown, Pennsylvania and served as a military photographer in Burma during World War II. He earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree in photography from Ohio University and began working with Yousuf Karsh, a Canadian portraitist. Settling in New York in 1949, Leonard began photographing jazz musicians at various jazz clubs on Broadway and Fifty‑Second Streets, and in Harlem for such publications as Cosmopolitan, Esquire, Life, Look, Playboy, and Time. He later to Paris to begin a fashion and advertising business. He also continued photographing jazz musicians. In 1988 Leonard presented his first exhibition, "Images of Jazz," in London. This show established his reputation as a leading photographer of jazz and sparked further shows and publications.
Provenance:
The Herman Leonard Photographs were donated to the National Museum of American History by Mr. Leonard on December 17, 1991 and in 2006.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed to: Herman Leonard Photography, LLC, 530 South Lake Avenue #503, Pasadena, CA 91101 (818) 509-8987.
Topic:
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0445
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0445
Online Media:

Victory Stride; Blue Mizz

Recording artist:
James P. Johnson's Blue Note Jazzmen  Search this
De Paris, Sidney  Search this
Dickenson, Vic  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Johnson, James P.  Search this
Shirley, Arthur  Search this
Simmons, John  Search this
Catlett, Sidney  Search this
Manufacturer:
Blue Note  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 12 in; 30.48 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Place made:
United States: New York, New York
Recording date:
1944
Related Publication:
Jazz Records 1942-1968, Vol. 4c: J - Ki
Credit Line:
Gift of Howard A. Guernsey (through Richard L. Guernsey)
ID Number:
1988.0698.2512
Catalog number:
1988.0698.2512
Accession number:
1988.0698
Maker number:
32
Collector/donor number:
12-57
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-08b9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1061442

After You've Gone; Joy-Mentin'

Recording artist:
Simmons, John  Search this
Catlett, Sidney  Search this
Johnson, James P.  Search this
James P. Johnson's Blue Note Jazzmen  Search this
De Paris, Sidney  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Dickenson, Vic  Search this
Shirley, Arthur  Search this
Manufacturer:
Blue Note  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 12 in; 30.48 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Place made:
United States: New York, New York
Recording date:
1944
Related Publication:
Jazz Records 1942-1968, Vol. 4c: J - Ki
Credit Line:
Gift of Howard A. Guernsey (through Richard L. Guernsey)
ID Number:
1988.0698.2513
Catalog number:
1988.0698.2513
Accession number:
1988.0698
Maker number:
33
Collector/donor number:
12-58
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-08bb-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1061444

The Sheik Of Araby; Conversing in Blue

Recording artist:
Benny Morton's All Stars  Search this
Morton, Benny  Search this
Bigard, Barney  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Benskin, Sammy  Search this
Crosby, Israel  Search this
Dougherty, Eddie  Search this
Manufacturer:
Blue Note  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 12 in; 30.48 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Place made:
United States: New York, New York
Recording date:
1945
Related Publication:
Jazz Records 1942-1962, Vol. 5: M - N
Credit Line:
Gift of Howard A. Guernsey (through Richard L. Guernsey)
ID Number:
1988.0698.2529
Catalog number:
1988.0698.2529
Accession number:
1988.0698
Maker number:
46
Collector/donor number:
12-74
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-fd84-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1061460

Limestone Blues; My Old Flame

Recording artist:
Benny Morton's All Stars  Search this
Morton, Benny  Search this
Bigard, Barney  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Benskin, Sammy  Search this
Crosby, Israel  Search this
Dougherty, Eddie  Search this
Manufacturer:
Blue Note  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 12 in; 30.48 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Place made:
United States: New York, New York
Recording date:
1945
Related Publication:
Jazz Records 1942-1962, Vol. 5: M - N
Credit Line:
Gift of Howard A. Guernsey (through Richard L. Guernsey)
ID Number:
1988.0698.2530
Accession number:
1988.0698
Maker number:
47
Catalog number:
1988.0698.2530
Collector/donor number:
12-75
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-fd85-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1061461

St. James Infirmary; Shine

Recording artist:
Jack Teagarden's Big Eight  Search this
Teagarden, Jack  Search this
Stewart, Rex  Search this
Bigard, Barney  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Kyle, Billy  Search this
Taylor, Billy  Search this
Fleagle, Brick  Search this
Tough, Dave  Search this
Manufacturer:
Hot Record Society  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 12 in; 30.48 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Place made:
United States: New York, New York
Recording date:
1940
Related Publication:
Rust, Brian. Jazz Records 1897-1942, Vol. 2
Credit Line:
Gift of Howard A. Guernsey (through Richard L. Guernsey)
ID Number:
1988.0698.2547
Catalog number:
1988.0698.2547
Accession number:
1988.0698
Maker number:
2006
Collector/donor number:
12-92
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-ffcf-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1061478

The World Is Waiting For the Sunrise; The Big Eight Blues

Recording artist:
Jack Teagarden's Big Eight  Search this
Teagarden, Jack  Search this
Stewart, Rex  Search this
Bigard, Barney  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Taylor, Billy  Search this
Kyle, Billy  Search this
Fleagle, Brick  Search this
Tough, Dave  Search this
Maker:
Hot Record Society  Search this
Performer:
Jack Teagarden's Big Eight  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 12 in; 30.48 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Place made:
United States: New York
Date made:
1940
Credit Line:
Gift of Howard A. Guernsey (through Richard L. Guernsey)
ID Number:
1988.0698.2548
Catalog number:
1988.0698.2548
Accession number:
1988.0698
Maker number:
2007
Collector/donor number:
12-93
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-ffd0-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1061479

Webster, Ben; backstage at Birdland, New York, 1950

Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed to: Herman Leonard Photography, LLC, 530 South Lake Avenue #503, Pasadena, CA 91101 (818) 509-8987.
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection / Series 2: 16" x 20" Prints
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref100

Broke But Happy; Blues on the Delta

Recording artist:
Walter Thomas and His Jump Cats  Search this
Thomas, Walter  Search this
Berry, Emmett  Search this
Pettiford, Oscar  Search this
Cole, Cozy  Search this
Hart, Clyde  Search this
Johnson, Bud  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Manufacturer:
Davis  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Place made:
United States: New York, New York
Recording date:
1944
Related Publication:
Jazz Records 1942-1962, Vol. 8: Te - Z
Credit Line:
Gift of Howard A. Guernsey (through Richard L. Guernsey)
ID Number:
1988.0698.2213
Catalog number:
1988.0698.2213
Accession number:
1988.0698
Collector/donor number:
T25
Maker number:
8125
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-f421-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1060906

Save It, Pretty Mama; Peach Tree Street Blues

Recording artist:
Sir Walter Thomas and His All Stars  Search this
Thomas, Walter  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Yaner, Milt  Search this
Caceres, Ernest  Search this
Shavers, Charlie  Search this
Stewart, Slam  Search this
Cole, Cozy  Search this
Taylor, Billy  Search this
Redman, Don  Search this
Razaf, Andy  Search this
Davis, Joe  Search this
Bonds, Margaret  Search this
Manufacturer:
Davis  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Place made:
United States: New York, New York
Recording date:
1945
Related Publication:
Jazz Records 1942-1962, Vol. 8: Te - Z
Credit Line:
Gift of Howard A. Guernsey (through Richard L. Guernsey)
ID Number:
1988.0698.2215
Catalog number:
1988.0698.2215
Accession number:
1988.0698
Collector/donor number:
T27
Maker number:
8129
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-f423-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1060908

William Claxton Photographs

Creator:
Claxton, William  Search this
Names:
George Williams Brass Band.  Search this
Stan Kenton Band.  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Baker, Halima  Search this
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Charles, Roosevelt  Search this
Coleman, Ornette  Search this
Coltrane, John, 1926-1967  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Evans, Bill, 1929-1980  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Jones, Elvin  Search this
Kenton, Stan  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Rollins, Sonny  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Williams, Cootie  Search this
Williams, Joe, 1918-  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (28 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1955-1960.
Summary:
Photographs consist of 16 x 20 inch silver gelatin; selenium-toned archival photographic prints of jazz musicians performing and recording music throughout the United States.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of 16 x 20-inch silver gelatin; selenium- toned archival photographic prints. It is divided into two series.

Series 1, Duke Ellington, 1955-1960, consists of Duke Ellington performing and recording music in Hollywood and Monterey, California and Las Vegas, Nevada, between 1955 and 1960. The photographs are arranged chronologically by date.

Series 2, Other Jazz Musicians and Singers, 1955-1970, consists of photographs of musicians and singers such as Charlie Parker, Sonny Rollins, John Coltrane, Chet Baker, Stan Kenton, Miles Davis, Dinah Washington, Cootie Williams, Thelonious Monk, Dizzy Gilliespie and Ray Charles. The performers are all photographed with their instruments. Photographs are arranged in chronological order.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Duke Ellington, 1955-1960

Series 2: Other Jazz Musicians and Singers, 1955-1970
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History:
Duke Ellington Collection, 1928-1988 (AC0301)

Herman Leonard Photoprints, 1948-1993 (AC0445)

Frank Driggs Collection of Duke Ellington Photographic Reference Prints [copy prints], 1923-1972 (AC389)

W. Royal Stokes Collection of Music Publicity Photoprints, Interviews and Posters circa 1970-2003 (AC0766)

Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie, 1940s-1993 (AC0979)
Provenance:
Collection purchased on March 31, 1999.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves required with unprotected photographs.
Rights:
Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Topic:
Musicians -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Music -- West coast -- 1950-1960  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1950-2000
Citation:
William Claxton Photographs, 1951-1971, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0695
See more items in:
William Claxton Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0695
Online Media:

Webster, Ben

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P., 1921-2014  Search this
Container:
Box 28, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1930s-1950s
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.2: Artist Files Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref880

Webster, Ben

Collection Creator:
Garland, Ed  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Morton, Jelly Roll, d. 1941  Search this
Darensbourg, Joe, 1906-1985  Search this
Davison, Bill  Search this
Blake, Eubie (James Herbert), 1883-1983  Search this
Wilson, Buster  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Collection Collector:
Levin, Floyd, 1922-2007  Search this
Collection Donor:
Levin, Lucille  Search this
Container:
Box 60, Folder 28
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
1989
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials may be used.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Floyd Levin Jazz Reference Collection, 1880-2010, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Floyd Levin Jazz Reference Collection
Floyd Levin Jazz Reference Collection / Series 5: Artists Files / 5.1: General Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1222-ref1371

Bowl/Dish with Tlaloc (Rain god) design

Culture/People:
probably Classic period Maya (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Joseph P. Sachs, Jr. (Joseph Paris Sachs), Non-Indian  Search this
Seller:
Joseph P. Sachs, Jr. (Joseph Paris Sachs), Non-Indian  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Donald C. Webster (Donald Colin Webster/Ben Webster), Non-Indian, 1930-1997  Search this
Object Name:
Bowl/Dish with Tlaloc (Rain god) design
Media/Materials:
Pottery, paint
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, painted
Dimensions:
28 x 22 x 10 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Copán; Copán Ruinas Municipality; Copán Department; Honduras
Date created:
AD 600-800
Catalog Number:
24/4301
Barcode:
244301.000
See related items:
Classic period Maya (archaeological culture)
Containers and Vessels
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Infinity of Nations, Mesoamerica & Circum Caribbean
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws67ef97927-acff-42ea-b97f-1183e97ef863
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_259983
Online Media:

William "Cat" Anderson Collection

Creator:
Anderson, William "Cat", 1916-1981 ((musician))  Search this
Names:
Benny Carter All Stars  Search this
Cat Anderson Quintet  Search this
Duke Ellington Orchestra  Search this
Lionel Hampton Orchestra  Search this
Mingus Quintet  Search this
Bechet, Sidney (musician)  Search this
Calloway, Cab, 1907-  Search this
Carter, Benny, 1907-2003  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Hampton, Lionel  Search this
Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978  Search this
Humphrey, Muriel  Search this
Johnson, Lucy Bird  Search this
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973  Search this
Tatum, Art, 1910-1956  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Extent:
5 Cubic feet (12 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Transcripts
Oral histories (document genres)
Oral history
Phonograph records
Photographs
Recordings
Interviews
Clippings
Audiotapes
Awards
Audiocassettes
Articles
Date:
1940-1981
bulk 1963-1977
Scope and Contents note:
Primarily audiotapes, sheet music, and photographic images. Also: correspondence, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, itineraries, awards, and ephemera.,Of particular interest are recordings or photographic images, including the personalities listed below, and President and Mrs. Tubman of Liberia; also, two interviews and three recordings of Cat Anderson as guest with various university and college jazz bands.
Arrangement:
Collection is divided into four series.

Series 1: Music

Series 2: Original tapes and recordings

Series 3: Photographs

Series 4: Miscellaneous
Biographical/Historical note:
Cat Anderson (Sept 12, 1916 - April 29, 1981) was one of the premier trumpet players of the Duke Ellington Orchestra. Known for his effortless high notes, he was a strong section leader and a great soloist whose style exhibited humor and precision. He grew up in Jenkins= Orphanage in Charleston, SC, received basic music training there, and participated in many of their famous student ensembles. He formed and played with the Cotton Pickers, a group of orphanage teens while still a young man. Before joining Ellington in 1944, he played in several big bands, including Claude Hopkins and Lionel Hampton. Anderson left the Ellington organization from 1947 through 1949 again to lead his own group. From 1959 to1961 and after 1971 Anderson free lanced, working with the Ellington orchestra intermittently. He died in 1981 after receiving honors from the US Air Force, the Prix du Disque de Jazz, and the City of Los Angeles.
Related Archival Materials:
Related artifacts include: awards, plaques, mutes, trumpet mouth pieces, and the Jon Williams/Cat Anderson simulator in the Division of Cultural and Community Life. See accession: 1998.3074.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History in January 1998, by Dorothy Anderson, Cat Anderson's widow. It was acquired through negotiations with her, her brother, Mr. John Coffey and her nephew, Andrew Brazington. The materials were picked up from Mr. John Coffey of upper N.W. Washington, DC on January 21, 1998.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Master tapes not available to researchers.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright status of items varies. Signed copies of releases on file.
Occupation:
Composers -- 20th century  Search this
Topic:
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Music -- Acoustics and physics  Search this
Musicians -- 20th century  Search this
Piano and synthesizer music  Search this
Inventions -- 1980-2000  Search this
Synthesizer music  Search this
Electric engineering -- 1980-2000  Search this
Band musicians  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Inventors -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts -- Music -- 20th century
Transcripts
Oral histories (document genres)
Oral history
Phonograph records
Photographs -- 20th century
Recordings
Interviews
Interviews -- 1950-2000
Clippings -- 20th century
Audiotapes -- 1940-1980
Awards
Audiocassettes
Audiotapes
Articles -- 1940-1980
Citation:
William "Cat" Anderson Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0630
See more items in:
William "Cat" Anderson Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0630
Online Media:

I Surrender Dear; Kat's Fur

Recording artist:
Webster, Ben  Search this
Guarnieri, Johnny  Search this
Pettiford, Oscar  Search this
Booth, David  Search this
Maker:
Savoy  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Other Terms:
sound recording; 78 rpm
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Newark
Date made:
1944
Subject:
Music  Search this
Related Publication:
Jazz Records 1942-1962, Vol. 8: Te - Z
Credit Line:
Gift of Lucy C. Shain in memory of James Lewis Shain
ID Number:
1978.0670.647
Accession number:
1978.0670
Maker number:
580
S-502
Catalog number:
1978.0670.647
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Sound Recordings
Popular Entertainment
Family & Social Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-abed-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_668424
Online Media:

Ben Webster and Associates

Recording artist:
Webster, Ben  Search this
Maker:
Verve  Search this
Physical Description:
vinyl (overall material)
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 12 in; x 30.48 cm
Object Name:
Sound Recording
Other Terms:
Phonorecord; Sound Recording; 33 1/3 Rpm
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1959
Credit Line:
Gift of Lucy C. Shain in memory of James Lewis Shain
ID Number:
1978.0670.926
Maker number:
MG V- 8318
Accession number:
1978.0670
Catalog number:
1978.0670.926
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-a396-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_670285

Morning Coffee [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Title:
Old Ben [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)
Coffee Drinker [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)
Artist:
Hawthorne, Charles Webster 1872-1930  Search this
Subject:
Unidentified  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
Ca. 1918
Topic:
Portrait male--Ben  Search this
Portrait male--Elderly  Search this
Recreation--Leisure--Eating & Drinking  Search this
Object--Other--Dish  Search this
Object--Foodstuff--Beverage  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0027440
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_27441

Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection

Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Names:
Apollo Theatre (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Extent:
30 Cubic feet (352 film reels , 16 mm)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Place:
Harlem (New York, N.Y.) -- 20th century
Date:
1894-1979
Summary:
More than 300 reels of 16mm black and white and color film, silent and sound, fiction and documentary motion picture film documenting jazz and related musical performances, social and popular dance styles and performances, jazz musicians, performance locales, and documentation of African-American popular culture. A list of featured performers in the collection is shown below. The films are frequently compilations produced by Smith for lectures.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of 352 reels of 16mm motion picture film. Most of the film is 16mm black and white and sound (composite optical track print), although a few titles are silent or in color. The collection is comprised of compilation reels created by Ernie Smith to accompany his lectures, topical compilation reels created by Ernie Smith, compilation reels created by the Archives Center, and single title reels. The Archives Center produced master and reference video copies using a wet-gate telecine film-to-tape transfer system. Titles were often combined to allow for increased ease of handling, storage, and duplication.

The collection is strongest in the areas of jazz dance styles including Lindy Hop and tap, overviews of jazz musical performers and styles; specific jazz musicians and performers including Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Cab Calloway, Woody Herman, Artie Shaw, Bob Crosby, Lionel Hampton, Count Basie, Jack Teagarden as well as a wide range of female vocalists; and documentation of the New York jazz and club scene. The collection includes feature films and excerpts from feature films, Soundies and other film shorts, television kinescopes, and documentary films.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series and is not arranged in accordance with standard archival procedures. The breadth of the collection and the existence of so many multiple topic and/or performer compilation reels made it impossible to impose traditional archival series order. Therefore, each reel is described at the item level in the container list.
Biographical / Historical:
Ernie Smith began collecting jazz-related film in 1955. He wrote the entry about jazz film in the "Grove Dictionary of Jazz," and worked with Marshall Stearns on the book "Jazz Dance."
Ernest (Ernie) Smith began collecting jazz and jazz dance films during the mid-1950s. An Art Director for a New York advertising agency, Smith had a long-standing interest in jazz and jazz dance that began during his youth in Pittsburgh, Pa. Early on, Smith discovered that jazz music was best appreciated while dancing. He became an accomplished Lindy Hopper, frequenting both white and African American ballrooms.

His job at the advertising agency supported Smith's two passions - painting and jazz dance and music. Smith was also a film enthusiast so, in 1954, after taking a jazz class at the New School taught by Marshall Stearns, a leading jazz scholar, he began collecting examples of jazz and jazz dance on film. In the process of creating his film collection, Smith became one of the leading authorities on jazz and jazz dance films. He collaborated with Stearns on the 1964 book Jazz Dance, compiling the book's jazz dance film listing. He also wrote the extensive entry on jazz film for the 1988 edition of New Grove Dictionary of Jazz .

Smith built his film collection by identifying films of potential interest and acquiring them through trade and purchase. He created lecture reels on specific topics -- the history of jazz, social dance, tap dance, Duke Ellington, Lindy Hop -- and presented lecture/screenings nationally and internationally. He also provided footage for numerous documentaries and maintained active relationships with filmmakers, other film collectors, jazz scholars, the swing dance community, and musicians.

Ernie Smith donated his film collection to the Archives Center in 1993. He continues to lecture and participate in swing dance activities, but he devotes the majority of his time to painting and related artistic pursuits.
Provenance:
The Archives Center acquired the collection from Ernie Smith in 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Tap dancing -- 1930-1970  Search this
Motion pictures and music -- 1930-1970  Search this
Dancing in motion pictures, television, etc. -- 1930-1970  Search this
Television and music -- 1930-1970  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1930-1970  Search this
Jazz dance -- 1930-1970  Search this
African Americans in the performing arts -- 1930-1970  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works) -- 20th century
Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0491
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0491

Ernie Smith Presentation Reels

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0491, Series 1
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1187

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