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Lloyd Tilghman

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Lloyd Tilghman, 1816 - 1863  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Sight: 8.2 × 5 cm (3 1/4 × 1 15/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1861-1865 (after earlier photograph)
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Drape  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Button\Brass  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Goatee  Search this
Photographic format\Carte-de-visite  Search this
Interior\Studio\Photography  Search this
Lloyd Tilghman: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Totten Family
Object number:
S/NPG.2012.6.12
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm478669dbe-6036-483f-bfc2-b6c733bc67fc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2012.6.12

Dora Wiley

Artist:
Jose Maria Mora, 1849 - 18 Oct 1926  Search this
Sitter:
Dora Wiley, 1853 - 2 Nov 1924  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 14.6 x 10.2 cm (5 3/4 x 4")
Mount: 16.6 x 10.8 cm (6 9/16 x 4 1/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1880-1885
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Photographic format\Cabinet card  Search this
Dora Wiley: Female  Search this
Dora Wiley: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Francis A. DiMauro
Object number:
S/NPG.2007.326
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4c0aebc9e-8a1b-4e9e-bb55-88d68cf8d72f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2007.326

Lizzie Kelsey as Stalacta in "Black Crook"

Artist:
Jose Maria Mora, 1849 - 18 Oct 1926  Search this
Sitter:
Lizzie Kelsey, 1850/52 - 14 Feb 1888  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 13.9 x 10.1 cm (5 1/2 x 4")
Sheet/Mount: 16.4 x 10.8 cm (6 7/16 x 4 1/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1880-1885
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Helmet  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Equipment\Shield  Search this
Nature & Environment\Rock  Search this
Lizzie Kelsey: Female  Search this
Lizzie Kelsey: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Francis A. DiMauro
Object number:
S/NPG.2007.357
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm423c6bf80-2d68-4807-96cb-b842f8dbe8db
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2007.357

Mathilde Cottrelly

Artist:
Jose Maria Mora, 1849 - 18 Oct 1926  Search this
Sitter:
Mathilde Cottrelly, 17 Feb 1851 - 15 Jun 1933  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 14.6 x 10 cm (5 3/4 x 3 15/16")
Mount: 16.6 x 10.8 cm (6 9/16 x 4 1/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1880-1885
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Epaulet  Search this
Photographic format\Cabinet card  Search this
Mathilde Cottrelly: Female  Search this
Mathilde Cottrelly: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Mathilde Cottrelly: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Francis A. DiMauro
Object number:
S/NPG.2007.378
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4abccd2cf-2cf9-4221-81f8-eb7a086a3f24
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2007.378

Sir Randall Roberts

Artist:
Jose Maria Mora, 1849 - 18 Oct 1926  Search this
Sitter:
Sir Randall Roberts, 1837 - 1899  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 14.7 x 10.1 cm (5 13/16 x 4")
Sheet: 16.5 x 10.7 cm (6 1/2 x 4 3/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1880-1885
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Carpet  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Feather  Search this
Photographic format\Cabinet card  Search this
Sir Randall Roberts: Male  Search this
Sir Randall Roberts: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Francis A. DiMauro
Object number:
S/NPG.2007.382
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4a1242399-1fe7-4d6f-9542-2918480c11c3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2007.382

George Knight

Artist:
Jose Maria Mora, 1849 - 18 Oct 1926  Search this
Sitter:
George Knight, 1850 - 1892  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 14 x 9.9 cm (5 1/2 x 3 7/8")
Mount: 16.5 x 10.8 cm (6 1/2 x 4 1/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1880-1885
Topic:
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Epaulet  Search this
Nature & Environment\Rock  Search this
George Knight: Male  Search this
George Knight: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Francis A. DiMauro
Object number:
S/NPG.2007.385
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm428b75578-7374-431d-817d-dd8ed7b284e9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2007.385

James Duncan Graham

Attribution:
John Plumbe, Jr., 13 Jul 1809 - 28 May 1857  Search this
Sitter:
James Duncan Graham, 4 Apr 1799 - 28 Dec 1865  Search this
Medium:
Three-quarter plate daguerreotype
Dimensions:
Image: 15.5 x 12.9cm (6 1/8 x 5 1/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1845
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Printed Material\Map  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Epaulet  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Button\Brass  Search this
Cased object  Search this
James Duncan Graham: Male  Search this
James Duncan Graham: Science and Technology\Engineer\Military  Search this
James Duncan Graham: Natural Resources\Topographer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.2004.137
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm416beb746-6f21-4ecd-9130-7801d1fa5b72
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2004.137
Online Media:

Bebe Daniels

Artist:
Karl Struss, 30 Nov 1886 - 15 Dec 1981  Search this
Sitter:
Bebe Daniels, 1901 - 1961  Search this
Unidentified Sitter  Search this
Medium:
Silver bromide print
Dimensions:
Image: 14.5 x 20.5cm (5 11/16 x 8 1/16")
Sheet: 20.1 x 25.2cm (7 15/16 x 9 15/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1921
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Helmet  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Interior\Performing Arts\Theatrical\Stage  Search this
Bebe Daniels: Female  Search this
Bebe Daniels: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of John and Susan Edwards Harvith
Object number:
S/NPG.97.174
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Estate of Karl Struss/ courtesty of Kopeikin Gallery.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4df5bf465-11a2-41ee-9946-27eb0c7750f2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.97.174

John La Hande

Artist:
William Watson Washburn, 1827 - 15 Nov 1903  Search this
Sitter:
John La Hande  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 9.2cm x 5.7cm (3 5/8" x 2 1/4")
Mount: 10.1cm x 6.1cm (4" x 2 3/8")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1861
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Artwork\Painting  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Interior\Studio  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Glove  Search this
Architecture\Column  Search this
John La Hande: Male  Search this
John La Hande: Military\Soldier\Civil War\Confederate  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.95.426
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4dff3be72-7efb-428d-8f46-ca6248ed6065
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.95.426

Ambrose Everett Burnside

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Ambrose Everett Burnside, 23 May 1824 - 13 Sep 1881  Search this
Medium:
Hand-colored steel engraving (proof)
Dimensions:
Image: 32 × 25.2 cm (12 5/8 × 9 15/16")
Sheet: 55.5 × 39.9 cm (21 7/8 × 15 11/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
c. 1865
Topic:
Vehicle\Ship  Search this
Weapon\Gun\Rifle  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Exterior\Landscape\Battleground  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Drum  Search this
Human Figures\Soldier  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Male  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Politics and Government\US Senator\Rhode Island  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Politics and Government\Governor\Rhode Island  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.72.3
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4dfedbe48-c213-443a-b7e7-32fe9d59a3fc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.72.3

General Nathaniel Lyon

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Studio:
James W. Queen and Company  Search this
Sitter:
Nathaniel Lyon, 14 Jul 1818 - 10 Aug 1861  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 6.9 × 5.5 cm (2 11/16 × 2 3/16")
Sheet: 9.2 × 6 cm (3 5/8 × 2 3/8")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1861
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Weapon  Search this
Artist's Effects  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Architecture\Column  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Epaulet  Search this
Equipment\Rope  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Feather  Search this
Home Furnishings\Curtain  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Belt  Search this
Nathaniel Lyon: Male  Search this
Nathaniel Lyon: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Nathaniel Lyon: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Francis James Dallett
Object number:
S/NPG.88.5
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm44aa6142b-b6ae-4216-8b3a-cffbf223f0f8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.88.5

The Negro Worker Vol. 2 No. 4

Published by:
The Negro Worker, 1928 - 1937  Search this
Edited by:
George Padmore, Trinidadian, 1903 - 1959  Search this
Subject of:
Communist International, 1919 - 1943  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 5/8 x 6 in. (21.9 x 15.2 cm)
Type:
pamphlets
Place depicted:
China, Asia
South Africa, Africa
Scottsboro, Jackson County, Alabama, United States, North and Central America
Australia, Oceania
Date:
1932
Topic:
African American  Search this
International affairs  Search this
Justice  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
United States--History--1919-1933  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the family of Dr. Maurice Jackson and Laura Ginsburg
Object number:
2010.55.37
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd53754633a-9141-40b3-ab5c-edc94ee2671a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.55.37
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View <I>The Negro Worker Vol. 2 No. 4</I> digital asset number 1
  • View <I>The Negro Worker Vol. 2 No. 4</I> digital asset number 2

Knife

Medium:
Jade and brass
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 23.7 x 1.9 x 2.6 cm (9 5/16 x 3/4 x 1 in)
Type:
Jade
Weapon and Armament
Origin:
China
Topic:
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S2012.9.1069
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3f4a9f5a8-fc54-4c6d-ade1-bd7328cd760e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2012.9.1069

Sword scabbard slide with knobs

Medium:
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 6.2 x 1.2 x 1.3 cm (2 7/16 x 1/2 x 1/2 in)
Type:
Jade
Weapon and Armament
Origin:
China
Date:
3rd-2nd century BCE
Period:
Eastern Zhou or Western Han dynasty
Topic:
Eastern Zhou dynasty (770 - 221 BCE)  Search this
Western Han dynasty (206 BCE - 9 CE)  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
nephrite  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S2012.9.1172
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye36b7081bb-81ef-4b11-92d0-e31b9ef8b080
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2012.9.1172

Ralph H. Baer Papers

Creator:
Baer, Ralph H., 1922-2014  Search this
Extent:
16 Cubic feet (44 boxes and 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Audiocassettes
Cd-roms
Diagrams
Drawings
Interviews
Videotapes
Correspondence
Sketches
Photographs
Oral history
Notes
Manuals
Date:
1943 - 2015
Summary:
Ralph H. Baer was a German-born ordnance specialist, inventor, and engineer. He was a pioneer of early videogame technology. The papers include autobiographical materials; firearms notes, manuscripts, and photographs; and videogame and television engineering notes, diagrams, schematics, and video documentation.
Scope and Contents:
The Ralph Baer Papers include autobiographical materials and an extended oral history interview. The Papers also include materials about military small arms created by Baer during his World War II service. The largest portion of the collection documents Baer's work on video games.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 12 series.

Series 1: Autobiographical Documents, 1962-2006

Subseries 1.1: Manuscript, book and other documents, 1962-2006

Subseries 1.2: Other Media: CDs, VHS videos, periodical, 1991, 2000-2003

Series 2: WW II Small Arms Documents, 1943-1953

Subseries 2.1: Correspondence, 1950-1953

Subseries 2.2: Writings and notes, 1943-1948

Subseries 2.3: Drawings and schematics, undated

Subseries 2.4: Manuals and encyclopedias, 1943

Subseries 2.5: Photographs, 1945

Series 3: Hans Otto Mauksch Materials, 1944-1964

Subseries 3.1: Personal background information, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1964

Subseries 3.2: Instructional materials, 1944-1946, undated

Subseries 3.3: Ft. Riley, Kansas, 1946, 1953

Series 4: TV Game Documents, 1966-1972

Subseries 4.1: Working notes, diagrams and schematics, 1966-1971

Subseries 4.2: Administrative documents, 1966-1972 Subseries 4.3: Notebooks, 1966-1968

Subseries 4.4: TV game development documentation, 1966-1968

Series 5: Sanders Associates, Transitron, and Van Norman Industries, 1952-2003

Series 6: Product Development Documents, 1974-2015

Series 7: Product Guides and Technical Support, 1943-2011

Series 8: Legal and Patent Documents, 1966-2014

Series 9: Writings and Notes, 1946-1999

Series 10: Miscellaneous, 1961-2012

Series 11: Correspondence, 1983-2014

Series 12: Publicity and Awards, 1979-2015
Biographical / Historical:
Ralph H. Baer (1922-2014) was born in Germany and immigrated to the United States with his family in 1938. A graduate of the National Radio Institute (1940), Baer worked as a radio technician in the New York City area, servicing all types of home and auto radios. During World War II, Baer served in the United States Army, one year stateside, and two years in Europe. He was assigned to Military Intelligence and became an expert on military small arms. Baer returned to the United States with eighteen tons of foreign small arms for use in exhibits at Aberdeen, Maryland; Springfield, Massachusetts Armory; and Ft. Riley, Kansas.

After the war, Baer attended the American Television Institute of Technology in Chicago, graduating with a BS in television engineering. In 1949, Baer joined a small electro medical equipment firm, Wappler, Inc., as their chief engineer. He designed and built surgical cutting machines, epilators, and low frequency pulse generating muscle-toning equipment. In 1951, Baer moved to Loral Electronics of Bronx, New York as a senior engineer, designing power line carrier signaling equipment for IBM. During 1952-1956, Baer worked at Transitron, Inc., in New York City as a chief engineer and later as vice president. In 1956, Baer joined Sanders Associates in Nashua, New Hampshire building airborne radar components. He became manager of the Electronic Design Department at Sanders and eventually Division Manager and Chief Engineer for Equipment Design. Baer retired in 1987.

At Sanders in 1966, Baer began an independent project experimenting with ways for consumers to interact with standard home television sets. Development of interactive TV Game (TVG) ideas became a company-supported project continued by Baer and assisted by William H. Harrison and William T. Rusch (download the TV Game chronology prepared by Ralph Baer in 2006). By mid-1967, ping pong videogames were played inside Sanders, patent disclosures were applied for, and hardware was designed. Baer and his associates called the devices they were developing "boxes" and numbered the various versions one through seven. In 1971, Magnavox became Sanders Associates's first videogame licensee. Between 1972 and 1975, Magnavox produced and sold over 700,000 units of Odyssey, a set of games played on its television receivers. Atari became a licensee in 1976 after the first of many lawsuits won by Sanders in pursuit of patent infringements.

During his tenure at Sanders and thereafter, Baer was a prolific inventor. His creations included many electronic toys and games and other consumer electronic products. Among the better known products based on Baer's work are Milton Bradley's Simon, Galoob's Smarty Bear Video, and Kenner's Laser Command. In 2004 President George W. Bush awarded Baer the National Medal of Technology.

Baer married Dena Whinston in 1952 and they had three children, James, Mark, and Nancy. Ralph Baer died on December 6, 2014, at the age of 92.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Ralph H. Baer Innovative Lives Presentation, August 15, 2009 (AC1179)

The presentation documents a moderated conversation about Baer's life and work. Baer reenacts, with his partner William Harrison, the first time he played "Odyssey," the first home video game for the consumer market, which he invented, and answers questions from the audience. Materials include original video (born digital), master videos, and reference videos.

Materials at Other Organizations

Brian Sutton-Smith Library and Archives of Play at The Strong

Ralph H. Baer Papers, 1968-2010 inclusive; 1975-1998 bulk

The Ralph H. Baer papers are a compilation of correspondence, game designs, drawings, notes, reference materials, photographs, product descriptions, digital videos, schematics, electronic components, and manuals utilized by Ralph H. Baer throughout his lengthy career in the toy and game industry. The bulk of the materials are from 1975 through 1998.

U.S. Ordnance Museum, Fort Lee, Virginia

Materials consist of data on foreign small arms brought back from Europe in 1946 by Ralph H. Baer.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Medicine and Science holds artifacts related to this collection including early video game prototypes and TV Game products.

TV Game Unit #1 (TVG#1); 1966; vacuum tube spot generator with Heathkit IG-62 Generator (See Accession 2006.0102.01)

Heathkit IG-62; used with TVG #1 (See Accession 2006.0102.02)

TV Game Unit #2 (TVG #2), aka the "Pump Unit," 1967; large aluminum chassis with wooden "pump" handle (See Accession 2006.0102.03)

TV Game Unit #7 (TVG#7), aka "Brown Box," 1967/1968; prototype for Magnavox Odyssey (See Accession 2006.0102.04)

Cardboard program cards for use with Brown Box (See Accession 2006.0102.05)

Lightgun, 1967/1968; game accessory for Brown Box (See Accession 2006.0102.06)

TV Game Unit #8, 1968; "de/dt" (velocity responsive) ballgame chassis for use with Brown Box (See Accession 2006.0102.07)

Magnavox Odyssey (Model ITL200) video game unit, 1972; with all accessories in the original carton (See Accession 2006.0102.08)

Milton-Bradley Company SIMON handheld microprocessor-control game, 1978 (See Accession 2006.0102.09)

Ideal Toy Company MANIAC microprocessor-control game, 1979, in original box with game instructions (See Accession 2006.0102.10)

Golf Game accessory, 1968; golf ball mounted on joystick handle for use with Brown Box (See Accession 2006.0102.11

"Brown Box" programming card, target shooting, 1967 (See Accession 2006.0102.12)
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Ralph H. Baer in 2003.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Books  Search this
Firearms  Search this
Games  Search this
Litigation  Search this
Inventions -- 20th century  Search this
Machine guns  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Weapons  Search this
Video games  Search this
Toys -- 20th century  Search this
Television -- History  Search this
Rifles  Search this
Pistols  Search this
Military intelligence  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Audiocassettes
CD-ROMs
Diagrams
Drawings -- 1940-1950
Interviews -- 2000-2010
Videotapes
Correspondence -- 1950-2000
Sketches
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Photographs -- 20th century
Oral history -- 2000-2010
Notes
Manuals -- 1940-1950
Citation:
Ralph H. Baer Papers, 1943-2015, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0854
See more items in:
Ralph H. Baer Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0854
Online Media:

Pro-Staff 4000 Compound Bow used by Ann Clark

User:
Clark, Ann  Search this
Associated person:
Clark, Ann  Search this
Physical Description:
laminated wood (overall material)
fiberglass (overall material)
metal (overall material)
black (overall color)
gray (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 49 in x 2 in x 13 in; 124.46 cm x 5.08 cm x 33.02 cm
Object Name:
Bow
archery bow
bow, archery
Subject:
Sports  Search this
Archery  Search this
Professional  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Ann Clark and Deborah L. Clark Ohl
ID Number:
1981.0713.01
Catalog number:
1981.0713.01
Accession number:
1981.0713
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Sport and Leisure
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-0912-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1062191

Lady Sovereign Archery Bow used by Ann Clark

User:
Clark, Ann  Search this
Associated person:
Clark, Ann  Search this
Maker:
Ben Pearson Archery  Search this
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
fiberglass (overall material)
brass (overall material)
aluminum (overall material)
black (overall color)
white (overall color)
off-white (overall color)
fur, synthetic (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 in x 57 in; 7.62 cm x 144.78 cm
Object Name:
Bow
archery bow
bow, archery
Place made:
United States
Associated place:
United States
Date made:
ca 1960
Subject:
Sports  Search this
Archery  Search this
Amateur  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Ann Clark and Deborah L. Clark Ohl
ID Number:
1981.0713.13
Catalog number:
1981.0713.13
Accession number:
1981.0713
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Sport and Leisure
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-0d9e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1062240

Lady Mercury Archery Bow used by Debbie Clark

User:
Clark, Debbie  Search this
Associated person:
Clark, Ann  Search this
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
brass (overall material)
fiberglass (overall material)
bowstring (overall material)
white (overall color)
black (overall color)
yellow (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 57 in; 8.89 cm x 144.78 cm
Object Name:
Bow
archery bow
bow, archery
Place made:
United States
Associated place:
United States
United States
Date made:
1960
Subject:
Sports  Search this
Archery  Search this
Amateur  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Ann Clark and Deborah L. Clark Ohl
ID Number:
1981.0713.14
Catalog number:
1981.0713.14
Accession number:
1981.0713
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Sport and Leisure
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-0026-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1062242

Reynold Weidenaar letters

Creator:
Weidenaar, Reynold, 1915-1985  Search this
Names:
Jacques, Bertha  Search this
Extent:
47 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1940-1944 and 1962
Scope and Contents:
Thirty eight letters, postcards and notes, 1940-1941, from etcher Bertha Jacques to etcher Reynold Weidenaar. Jacques offers advice to Weidenaar about the etching process. Also included are eight letters and postcards and a note, 1940-1944, from etcher James Swann to Weidenaar, and an open call to artists, including Weidenaar, 1962, from Sid Hammer at the Artists' Letter Fund in New York about the disarmament of weapons. Weidenaar's response is attached.
Biographical / Historical:
Reynold Weidenaar (1915-1985) was an etcher in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 2020 by James Straub who purchased the letters from Hefner Gallery, Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1992.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Topic:
Etchers -- Michigan -- Grand Rapids  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.weidreyn
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-weidreyn

Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams papers

Creator:
Williams, Esther Baldwin, 1867-1964  Search this
Names:
Grace Horne Galleries  Search this
Kraushaar Galleries  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel), 1864-1941  Search this
Finck, Furman J., 1900-  Search this
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974  Search this
Prendergast, Charles, 1863-1948  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil, 1858-1924  Search this
Williams, Esther, 1907-1969  Search this
Williams, Nadia, 1910-  Search this
Extent:
2.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Place:
Massachusetts -- Boston -- Description and Travel
France -- Paris -- Description and Travel
Date:
1887-1984
Summary:
The papers of Boston area painters Esther Baldwin Williams and daughter Esther Williams measure 2.1 linear feet and date from 1887 to 1984. The scattered papers of both women include biographical information, personal business records, correspondence, writings and notes, two diaries, four sketchbooks, printed materials, photographs, and one photograph album.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Boston and New York area painters Esther Baldwin Williams and daughter Esther Williams measure 2.1 linear feet and date from 1887 to 1984. The scattered papers of both women include biographical information, personal business records, correspondence, writings and notes, two diaries, four sketchbooks, printed materials, photographs, and one photograph album.

For clarity, Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams are referred to by their proper names throughout this finding aid.

Biographical information includes a membership card to the Rockport Art Association for Esther Williams and a biographical sketch of Esther Baldwin Williams

Personal business records include receipts for purchases of artwork by Esther Baldwin Williams, banking documents, exhibition entry forms and sales receipts for Esther William's works.

Correspondence includes incoming letters and drafts of outgoing letters. The majority of the correspondence is that of Esther Williams, including a considerable amount of letters to her parents. There are letters to Esther Williams from her friends Louis Eilshemius, Furman J. Finck, and Leon Kroll, and both Grace Horne Galleries and Kraushaar Galleries. Esther Baldwin Williams' correspondence includes personal letters from Maurice Prendergast.

Writings and notes include two diaries kept by Esther Baldwin Williams that date from 1892 until 1902 and cover her life in Paris and later in Boston. Some of the diary pages are illustrated with sketches. The series also includes scattered notes, including Charles Prendergast's Notes on Formula of Ebonizing Technique.

There are four sketchbooks, likely by Esther Baldwin Williams, of pencil and watercolor sketches of cats, babies and children, orchestral scenes, portraits, and architecture.

Scattered printed materials include a copy of Cezanne's Studio given to Esther Baldwin Williams by Maurice Prendergast, a copy of a family history by Nadia Williams, exhibition announcements and catalogs, clippings, and miscellany.

There is one photograph of an unidentified work of art and a circa 1900 family photo album with mostly unidentified photos of babies, children, and family members.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1942-1979 (2 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Personal Business Records, 1893-1966 (9 folders; Box 1)

Series 3: Correspondence, 1887-1961 (0.7 linear feet; Boxes 1-2)

Series 4: Writings and Notes, 1892-1947 (0.2 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 5: Sketchbooks and Sketches, circa 1900 (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 2-3)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1883-1984 (0.2 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1900-circa 1920 (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)
Biographical Note:
Esther Baldwin Williams (1867-1964) and her daughter Esther Williams (1907-1969) were painters active in Boston, Paris, and New York City.

Esther Baldwin Williams was born Esther Mabel Baldwin on December 11, 1867 to a prominent Boston family of artists. She began her art education under her uncle Joseph Foxcroft Cole and worked with her cousin Adelaide Chase Cole. Adelaide and Esther shared a studio in Greenwich Village in 1888. The two cousins also traveled to Paris in 1877 and 1891 to paint. Esther Baldwin concentrated on portraiture and often painted the women in her social circle.

Esther Baldwin became engaged to Oliver Williams in 1898. They married and moved to 96 Beacon Street in Boston where they raised their children, Oliver, Thomas, and Esther. Around 1900, the Williams met Maurice and Charles Prendergast. Esther became a friend and patron of Maurice and the two shared a studio for some time and exchanged letters. Esther Baldwin continued to work in portraiture, focusing her work on her children and relatives and did not pursue a professional career. In addition to painting, Esther Baldwin and Oliver Williams inspired a passion for music in their children.

Born in 1907, Esther Williams inherited her mother's interest in the arts. Unlike her mother, she desired a professional career as a painter. She first studied at the Museum of Fine Arts School, Boston in 1925 and later went to Paris to study under Andre Lhote. Upon returning to the United States, she moved to New York City and enrolled with the Art Students League. She married Roland Joseph McKinney, director of the Baltimore Museum of Art and the Los Angeles County Museum.

Esther Williams is known for her portraits, paintings of flowers, circus and orchestra scenes, and for her impressionistic style. She was represented by Grace Horne Gallery in the 1930s and switched to Kraushaar Galleries in 1940.

Esther Baldwin Williams died in 1964. Her daughter, Esther Williams died shortly thereafter in 1969.
Related Material:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are the papers of Esther William's husband Roland Joseph McKinney.
Provenance:
The Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams papers were donated in two installments by Peter McKinney, step-son of Esther Williams in 1974 and by Nadia Williams, Esther Baldwin William's daughter-in-law in 1985.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Women painters -- Massachusetts  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting -- Technique  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- France -- Paris  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Citation:
Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams papers, 1887-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.willesth
See more items in:
Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-willesth
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