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Photographs of We'wha demonstrating Zuni textile making

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Names:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Extent:
5 mounted prints (albumen)
7 Prints (cyanotype)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Prints
Photographs
Cyanotypes
Date:
circa 1886
Scope and Contents note:
Includes images of Zuni Indian We'wha spinning wool, setting up a loom, and weaving a blanket at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. The photographs were probably made as part of a demonstration commissioned by Matilda Coxe Stevenson or the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Biographical/Historical note:
We'wha (d. 1896) was a Zuni berdache and one of Matilda Coxe Stevenson's main informants in her research. In 1886, We'wha spent six months in Washington, D.C., living with Stevenson and her husband and helping the Bureau of American Ethnology to record Zuni knowledge. As part of this documentation, the Bureau also photographed We'wha demonstrating Zuni weaving techniques.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2004-03
Location of Other Archival Materials:
One albumen print mounted on boudoir card, previously held in MS 4624 (now in Photo Lot 23) has been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 2004-03. This is another photograph of We'wha that forms part of this series.
Original glass negatives for most of these images are available in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
Additional photographs of We'wha are in the National Anthropological Archives in the Matilda Coxe Stevenson photographs (Photo Lot 23).
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Matilda Coxe Stevenson papers (MS 4689).
See others in:
Photographs of We'wha demonstrating Zuni textile making, circa 1886
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Spinning  Search this
Weaving  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Cyanotypes
Citation:
Photo Lot 2004-03, Photographs of We'wha demonstrating Zuni textile making, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2004-03
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2004-03

MS 895 Notes on Zuni clans

Creator:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Annotator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Informant:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Extent:
24 pages
Culture:
Zuni -- clans  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Also a list of clans obtained by A.S. Gatschet from Wewa, June 20, 1886; 2 pages typed transcript from Gatschet's Zuni notebook (Bureau of American Ethnology Number 1550), with added notations in hand of Gatschet and Cushing.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 895
Local Note:
Of the 24 pages of notes on clans, 8 are in Cushing's hand, and the rest are in the same handwriting as Bureau of American Ethnology Numbers 1013 and 3917, presumably that of a clerk.
Topic:
Kinship -- Zuni  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 895, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS895
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms895

Matilda Coxe Stevenson photographs

Creator:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Photographer:
Wittick & Russell  Search this
Cobb, William Henry, 1859-1909  Search this
Names:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Extent:
3,352 prints (modern contact prints and reprints, silver gelatin, albumen, and platinum)
2,139 negatives (nitrate)
118 negatives (glass)
657 copy negatives
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Zia Indians  Search this
Cochiti Indians  Search this
Jemez Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Negatives
Copy negatives
Photographs
Place:
Santa Fe (N.M.)
Date:
1882-1914
bulk 1904-1912
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made during Matilda Coxe Stevenson's field studies among Southwest Indians, particularly at Zuni. Images primarily document pueblos, people, ceremonies, and daily activities, as well as some photographs of Santa Fe, New Mexico, and ranches, probably those belonging to Stevenson or her friends. The collection includes photographs by William Henry Cobb and Wittick & Russell, as well as Stevenson's assistant May S. Clark and "Mr. Gray," a photographer that Stevenson hired as an assistant.
Biographical/Historical note:
Matilda Coxe Stevenson (1849-1915; though her birth year is often erroneously listed as 1850) was the first woman to study the American Southwest and the first (and for a long time the only) female anthropologist hired by the US government. Born Matilda Coxe Evans in 1849 in San Augustine, Texas, Stevenson was brought to Washington, D.C., as an infant. She was educated at Miss Anable's English, French, and German School in Philadelphia and through private studies with her father and Dr. William M. Mew of the Army Medical Museum. In 1872 she married James Stevenson, a geologist with the US Geological Survey of the Territories. From 1872-1878, Matilda joined James on Ferdinand V. Hayden's geological surveys to Colorado, Idaho, Wyoming, and Utah, and assisted him by compiling geological data. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was created in 1879, Matilda Stevenson was appointed "volunteer coadjutor [sic] in ethnology" and she went with James on his BAE expeditions to the Southwest.

After James Stevenson's death in 1888, BAE Director John Wesley Powell hired Matilda Stevenson to organize her husband's notes. In 1889, Stevenson became regular BAE staff. From 1890 to 1907, Stevenson did substantial individual fieldwork at Zuni and published "The Zuni Indians: Their Mythology, Esoteric Fraternities, and Ceremonies" in the Bureau of American Ethnology's Twenty-Third Annual Report (1901-2). Starting in 1904, Stevenson conducted comparative studies at Zia, Jemez, San Juan, Cochiti, Nambe, Picarus, Tesuque, Santa Clara, San Ildefonso, and Taos. In 1907 she purchased a ranch (Ton'yo) near San Ildefonso, which became her base for fieldwork. Stevenson died in Maryland on June 24, 1915.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 23
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Stevenson photographs previously filed in BAE number 4325, MS 4624, MS 4717, Photo Lot 14, and Photo Lot 33 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 23. These photographs were also made by Stevenson and form part of this collection.
Additional glass negatives made by Stevenson are held in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
The National Anthropological Archives holds Matilda Coxe Stevenson's papers in MS 4689.
Photographic images and portraits of Stevenson are in the National Anthropological Archives in the following collections: Photo Lot 33, Photo Lot 70, Photo Lot 89-19, and Photo Lot 90-1.
Additional photographs of We'wha, probably commissioned by Stevenson at a studio in Washington, D.C., are in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 2004-03.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Pueblos  Search this
Ranches  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 23, Matilda Coxe Stevenson photographs, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.23
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-23

We'wha weaving belt

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
1 8x10 in photograph
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1900
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
OPPS NEG 2261 C
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_96812

[We-wha or Whe-wa, setting up loom on Smithsonian grounds]

Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
glass negative
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
BAE GN SI 3641
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_248637

[We-wha or Whe-wa, spinning]

Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
glass negative
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
BAE GN SI 3642
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_248638

[We-wha or Whe-wa, spinning sheep wool into thread]

Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
glass negative
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
BAE GN SI 3643
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_248639

[We-wha or Whe-wa, weaving]

Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
glass negative
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
BAE GN SI 3644
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_248640

[We-wha or Whe-wa, weaving]

Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
glass negative
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
BAE GN SI 3645
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_248641

[We-wha or Whe-wa, weaving]

Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
glass negative
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
BAE GN SI 3646
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_248642

Portrait (Front) of We-Wha in Female Native Dress with Squash Blossom Necklace 1894

Creator:
Hillers, John K. 1843-1925  Search this
Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
1 007 in x 009 in photograph
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1894
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 06370600
OPPS NEG 02235 A
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_12258

Portrait (Profile) of We-Wha in Female Native Dress with Squash Blossom Necklace 1894

Creator:
Hillers, John K. 1843-1925  Search this
Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
1 007 in x 009 in photograph
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1894
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 06370700
OPPS NEG 02235 B
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_12259

We-Wha or Whe-Wa in Native Dress, Spinning Yarn with Whorl Inside Room 1900

Creator:
Hitchcock, Prof ?  Search this
Creator:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe 1850-1915  Search this
Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 005 in x 008 in mounted on 005 in x 008 in
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1900
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 02408500
OPPS NEG BAE 2235A
See more items in:
Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects 1840s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_37530

We-Wha or Whe-Wa in Native Dress, Spinning Yarn with Whorl Inside Room 1900

Creator:
Hitchcock, Prof ?  Search this
Creator:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe 1850-1915  Search this
Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 006 in x 008 in mounted on 008 in x 010 in
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1900
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 02408600
OPPS NEG BAE 2235A
See more items in:
Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects 1840s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_37531

We-Wha or Whe-Wa in Native Dress and Holding Olla (Water Jar) Outside His n.d

Creator:
Wittick, George Ben  Search this
Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 010 in x 008 in mounted on 010 in x 008 in
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 02425500
See more items in:
Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects 1840s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_37701

Portrait of We'Wha Holding Clay Ceremonial Prayer-Meal Basket 1900

Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 007 in x 011 in mounted on 007 in x 011 in
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1900
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 02440800
OPPS NEG 85-8666
See more items in:
Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects 1840s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_37865

We'wha before 1894

Creator:
Hillers, John K. 1843-1925  Search this
Depicted:
We'wha 1849-1896  Search this
Physical description:
1 008 in x 010 in photograph
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1894
before 1894
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 10079600
OPPS NEG SI 6272
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_96566

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