Images of Waura Indians making dance costumes from buriti palm fiber and food for a curing ceremony.
Emilienne Ireland resided in a Waura village for 18 months (1982-1983) as part of her doctoral studies in Social Anthropology at Yale University. She commissioned the making of dance costumes depicted in this collection. The garments were used in a curing ceremony after she became ill while in the village. Ireland continues to work with the Waura as a project leader for the Return of the Captured Spirits project and in collaboration with documentary filmmakers.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 89-37, USNM ACC 361012
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Ireland's manuscript describing "Kwahahalu and Sapukuyawa Ceremonial Masks," which was donated at the same time as this collection, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 2000-41.
Dance costumes and a scarifier donated by Ireland can be found in the Department of Anthropology in accession 361012.
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
The bulk of the collection is comprised of images of paintings by Vladimir Kozak and his artifacts relating to Brazilian tribes, photographed by James A. Jensen at Kozak's home in Curitaba, Brazil, in September 1965. It also includes a watercolor image of body decoration at a ceremony held by the upper Xingu River tibes of Central Brazil. Additionally, there is one lithograph poster of a J. A. Jensen painting of Chief Joseph, dated 1974.
James A. Jensen (1918-1998) was a paleontologist and Director of the Earth Sciences Museum at Brigham Young University (BYU). While at BYU, he conducted fieldwork in both North and South America, at which point he may have met Vladimir Kozak. He created pastel and acrylic artwork, particularly of flowers, landscapes, and Native Americans.
Artist Vladimir Kozak was trained in Czechoslovakia in mechanical engineering, sculpture, and painting. In 1923, he immigrated to Brazil. As Kozak's interest in the Indigenous tribes of Brazil grew, he increasingly focused on painting and sculpting, particularly during the 1940s and 1950s. He also became a still photographer, film maker, and collector of Indigenous artifacts.
Subtitled "Description of artifacts collected in the Waura village, Xingu National Park Mato Grosso, Brazil, on April 8, 1983." Includes ethnographic background on the role of spirit masks, their use in ceremonial performances, and their construction. There are also notes on sound recordings, conservation of the material, and Waura words.