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Oral history interview with James W. Washington Jr

Interviewee:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Interviewer:
Bestor, Dorothy K., 1913-  Search this
Creator:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Extent:
15 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1965 October 13
Scope and Contents:
An interview of James W. Washington, Jr. conducted 1965 October 13, by Dorothy Bestor, for the Archives of American Art.
Washington discusses his participation in the Mississippi Art Project, the effect it had on his career, and government sponsorship of the arts in general. He recalls segregation in the Mississippi art world.
Biographical / Historical:
James W. Washington Jr. (1911-2000) was a painter and sculptor from Seattle, Washington.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 31 min.
Provenance:
Conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Sculpture, American  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Painters -- Washington (State) -- Seattle -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- Washington (State) -- Seattle -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.washin65
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw926bec870-50c2-4c36-835d-02ff356b836d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-washin65

James W. Washington, Jr. papers

Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Names:
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Mount Zion Baptist Church (Seattle, Wash.)  Search this
Scottish Rite (Masonic order)  Search this
Callahan, Kenneth, 1905-1986  Search this
Hauberg, Anne Gould  Search this
Huetter, Cindy  Search this
Laigo, Val M., 1930-1992  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Tsutakawa, George  Search this
Extent:
2.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Photographs
Transcripts
Date:
1938-1989
Summary:
The papers of artist James W. Washington, Jr. measure 2.3 linear feet and date from 1938 to 1989. The collection includes biographical material, correspondence, writings, professional records, material related to the Artists Equity Association, printed material, and photographic material.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of artist James W. Washington, Jr. measure 2.3 linear feet and date from 1938 to 1989. The collection includes biographical material, correspondence, writings, professional records, material related to the Artists Equity Association, printed material, and photographic material.

Biographical material includes resumes, a short biographical sketch, and the transcript of an interview conducted by Cindy Huetter.

Correspondence makes up the bulk of this collection and consists of letters to Washington from family and friends expressing admiration for his work, writings, and lectures. Also documented is his involvement in organizations including the Pacific Arts Center, Mt. Zion Baptist Church, and the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry. Correspondents include Kenneth Callahan, Anne Gould Hauberg, Val M. Laigo, and George Tsutakawa. This series also includes a file of correspondence related to Washington's articles for the Seattle Post Intelligencer.

Writings include articles for Zionews, the Mt. Zion Baptist Church newsletter; the Seattle Post Intelligencer; and the Puget Sounding related to Washington's artwork; his thoughts on race; his teacher, Mark Tobey; and his strong religious beliefs. Also included are an unidentified editorial and assorted notes.

Professional records include material related to committees and professional groups, financial records, materials related to commissions and sculptures, materials related to Mark Tobey works loaned for exhibition, teaching files, and legal files.

Artists Equity Association files consist of correspondence, membership information, constitution and by-laws, reports and meeting minutes, proposals, newsletters, and clippings.

Printed material includes exhibition announcements, exhibition catalogs, newsletters and bulletins, magazine and newspaper clippings, programs, and religious material.

Photographic material consists of photographs of artwork, photographs of Washington with his work, and one oversized portrait of Washington.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in seven series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1970-1989 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1938-1988 (Boxes 1-2; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1958-circa 1986 (Box 2; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 4: Professional Records, 1950-1983 (Box 2; 7 folders)

Series 5: Artists Equity Association Files, 1948-1963 (Box 2; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1946-1989 (Boxes 2-3; 0.3 linear feet, OV 4)

Series 7: Photographic Material, 1951, 1964-1969, 1980s (Box 3; 2 folders, OV 4)
Biographical / Historical:
James W. Washington, Jr. (1909-2000) was an African American painter and sculptor prominent in the Seattle, Washington art community. Religion was an important part of his life and he considered his art to be a spiritual undertaking. In addition to being active in his church community, he was a member of the Artists Equity Association, serving as the Seattle Chapter secretary from 1950 to 1960, and then as the president from 1960 to 1962. In 1990 the City of Seattle's Historic Landmark and Preservation Board designated Washington's home and studio at 1816 26th Avenue a cultural landmark.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are two oral history interviews with James W. Washington, Jr., one conducted by Dorothy Bestor, October 13, 1965, the other by Paul Karlstrom, June 29, 1987.
Provenance:
The James W. Washington, Jr. papers were donated to the Archives of American Art by James. W. Washington, Jr. in two accessions in 1984 and 1989.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Occupation:
Painters -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Sculptors -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Topic:
Race awareness  Search this
African American artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
African American sculptors  Search this
Racial identity  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Transcripts
Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.washjame
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d05b7e25-11eb-4e13-99e9-e4fd476e0f36
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-washjame

Biographical Material

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Extent:
2 Folders (Box 1)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1970-1980
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material includes James W. Washington Jr.'s resumes, a short biographical sketch of the artist, and the transcript of an interview conducted by Cindy Huetter.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.washjame, Series 1
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ae4630cc-01ee-465a-894e-8a383e913fe4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref1

Chronological Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3-22
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1938
1944-1977
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw94a298451-7e93-47a6-8960-14079c5c98ab
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref10

Chronological Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 2-8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1978-1988
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ea09da9b-e3a2-4515-9960-b20987a4b717
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref11

Undated Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9974d4ed9-a58a-4968-bd86-fb690eb425d1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref12

Correspondence Related to Washington's Articles for the Seattle Post Intelligencer

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1965-1968
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9cf6c83fd-481e-4908-b16f-751a48acc371
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref13

Zionews, Mt. Zion Baptist Church Newsletters and Draft Typescripts

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1958-1961
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 3: Writings
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98ecb08ca-ab75-4fd7-92ff-47afa85dffe4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref14

Seattle Post Intelligencer Article Drafts

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1965-1968
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 3: Writings
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9af8d5ab4-5163-4413-a6fd-845ac72a4ccf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref15

Article for Puget Sounding on Mark Tobey

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1970
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 3: Writings
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw99f4f122d-8132-4e70-821b-844fe0f40cc3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref16

Editorial Regarding Seattle Police

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 3: Writings
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97fd6052c-ba0f-46d0-b3df-740ecb7f10e8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref17

Notes

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1959- circa 1986
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 3: Writings
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c276f059-1db6-402d-9c03-d35b86a93a58
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref18

City of Seattle Planning Commission— Civic Memorial Arts Center Site

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1950
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9219d755e-73d9-4b40-94ad-113dce3744c2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref19

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet (Boxes 1-2)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1938-1988
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence consists of letters to Washington from family and friends expressing admiration for his work, writing, and lectures. Also included is correspondence regarding his involvement in organizations including the Pacific Arts Center, Mt. Zion Baptist Church, and the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry. This series also includes a file of correspondence related to Washington's articles for the Seattle Post Intelligencer.
Arrangement:
This series is arranged chronologically. The file of correspondence related to Washington's articles for the Seattle Post Intelligencer appears at the end of the series.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.washjame, Series 2
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw922925488-786d-4e0a-9c0e-602d40643f2d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref2

Financial Records, Invoices and Receipts

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1952-1983
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9493af3d3-e3de-4754-b564-04cfc8cb3d3d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref20

Materials Related to Commissions and Exhibitions

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 18
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1961-1974
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d155dc9e-8439-44d3-9308-bc94e4bee26f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref21

Material Related to the State Capitol Museum and Washington State Arts Commission

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 19
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1963-1966
1971
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw93b9b16c8-1e9e-4893-baf2-072559dd8691
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref22

Material Related to Mark Tobey Work for Exhibition at State Capitol Museum

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1966-1968
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d6f63a02-1d47-418a-b438-51b7ef2c0b6d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref23

Teaching Files

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 21
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1960s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9600bad6d-d7db-4515-84c2-27b50cc02305
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref24

Lawsuit Against Robert and Jane Carpenter

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 22
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1971-1972
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw926557bac-041f-42d0-9edc-6e445b156a9a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref25

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