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Oral history interview with Val Laigo

Interviewee:
Laigo, Val M., 1930-1992  Search this
Interviewer:
Nakane, Kazuko  Search this
Lau, Alan Chong  Search this
Names:
Charles and Emma Frye Art Museum  Search this
Foster/White Gallery  Search this
Mexico City College -- Students  Search this
Northwest Asian American Project  Search this
Seattle University -- Students  Search this
University of Washington -- Students  Search this
Bennett, Doug  Search this
Callahan, Kenneth, 1905-1986  Search this
Chong, Fay  Search this
Dusanne, Zoe, 1884-1977  Search this
Horiuchi, Paul, 1906-  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Katayama, Mits  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Okada, Frank S. (Frank Sumio), 1931-2000  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente, 1883-1949  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Ritchie, Bill  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Tamayo, Rufino, 1899-  Search this
Voorhees, Clark G. (Clark Greenwood), 1871-1933  Search this
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Extent:
42 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1989 July 12
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Val Laigo conducted 1989 July 12, by Alan Lau and Kazuko Nakane, for the Archives of American Art Northwest Asian American Project, in Laigo's home, Seattle, Wash.
Laigo speaks of learning how to paint at age eleven with watercolors; growing up with a heart condition known as Eisenmenger's Complex; teaching at Highline High School and creating a wolverine as the school's mascot; the inclusion of his life story in a Filipino oral history project; singing for an orchestra called the Gentlemen of Rhythm, at the Filipino Catholic Youth Activities events and other venues; Doug Bennett as an influence in composition and design; being a student at Seattle University and joining Art Equity in approximately 1951; remembering his painting, "Madonna" being shown at the Seattle Art Museum; his first show at the People's Furniture Store and later with Fay Chong at the Hathaway House; Zoe Dusanne became his agent; his introduction to the MacPaint software program and his first piece of computer art; his desire to study Mexican muralists, Diego Rivera, Jose Orozco, David Siqueiros, and Rufino Tamayo and becoming at student at Mexico City College; his life in Mexico with the woman who would become his wife; the strong influence of Nick Damascus on his painting; how his palette changed to brighter colors after living in Mexico; his health crisis there that lead him to abandon his work towards a master's degree and return to Seattle in 1959; having to start over from the beginning at the University of Washington; Tommy Kwazume hiring him at Boing as an artist in 1960; Lee Nordness and the RCA Victor album cover; his negative experience with Margaret Reed while showing at the Panaca Gallery; his exhibit at the Frye Art Museum in 1969 and criticism by Clark Voorhees; his Mexican experience having influenced his vigor and scale; the Lost Generation series; his comment about Picasso not being able to paint; encouragement from his family to pursue art training; the murder of his father in 1936; his mother's success as a new painter; and his work, "Dilemma of the Atom" featured on the cover of an RCA Victor record album. Laigo also recalls Perry Acker, Foster White Gallery, David Mendoza, Fred Mendoza, Tom Tooley, Ray Sadirius, Quincy Jones, Oscar Holden's Orchestra, Fred Cordova, Mits Katayama, Rudy Bundis, Kal Chin, Paul Horiuchi, James Washington, Dick Kirsten, Frank Okada, John Matsudaira, Walter Froelich, Bill Ritchie, John Counts, Don Fenton, Kenneth Callahan, Fred Run, Barry Ferrell, Ken Harms, Andrew Chin, Ben Dar, Ruth Mora, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Val Laigo (1930-1992) was a Filipino American painter based in Seattle, Washington. Val Laigo was born in Naguilian, La Union, in the Phillipines. His family moved to the United States in 1931 and to Seattle in 1941. Laigo's full name Valeriano Emerenciano Montante Laigo.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 3 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hr., 48 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Painters -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Topic:
Asian American art  Search this
Asian American artists  Search this
Computer Art  Search this
Filipino American art  Search this
Filipino American artists  Search this
Asian American painters  Search this
Asian American muralists  Search this
Muralists -- Mexico  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.laigo89
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90a8fb211-d3b2-4e6d-9727-b2bc260466e6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-laigo89
Online Media:

James W. Washington, Jr. papers

Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Names:
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Mount Zion Baptist Church (Seattle, Wash.)  Search this
Scottish Rite (Masonic order)  Search this
Callahan, Kenneth, 1905-1986  Search this
Hauberg, Anne Gould  Search this
Huetter, Cindy  Search this
Laigo, Val M., 1930-1992  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Tsutakawa, George  Search this
Extent:
2.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Photographs
Transcripts
Date:
1938-1989
Summary:
The papers of artist James W. Washington, Jr. measure 2.3 linear feet and date from 1938 to 1989. The collection includes biographical material, correspondence, writings, professional records, material related to the Artists Equity Association, printed material, and photographic material.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of artist James W. Washington, Jr. measure 2.3 linear feet and date from 1938 to 1989. The collection includes biographical material, correspondence, writings, professional records, material related to the Artists Equity Association, printed material, and photographic material.

Biographical material includes resumes, a short biographical sketch, and the transcript of an interview conducted by Cindy Huetter.

Correspondence makes up the bulk of this collection and consists of letters to Washington from family and friends expressing admiration for his work, writings, and lectures. Also documented is his involvement in organizations including the Pacific Arts Center, Mt. Zion Baptist Church, and the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry. Correspondents include Kenneth Callahan, Anne Gould Hauberg, Val M. Laigo, and George Tsutakawa. This series also includes a file of correspondence related to Washington's articles for the Seattle Post Intelligencer.

Writings include articles for Zionews, the Mt. Zion Baptist Church newsletter; the Seattle Post Intelligencer; and the Puget Sounding related to Washington's artwork; his thoughts on race; his teacher, Mark Tobey; and his strong religious beliefs. Also included are an unidentified editorial and assorted notes.

Professional records include material related to committees and professional groups, financial records, materials related to commissions and sculptures, materials related to Mark Tobey works loaned for exhibition, teaching files, and legal files.

Artists Equity Association files consist of correspondence, membership information, constitution and by-laws, reports and meeting minutes, proposals, newsletters, and clippings.

Printed material includes exhibition announcements, exhibition catalogs, newsletters and bulletins, magazine and newspaper clippings, programs, and religious material.

Photographic material consists of photographs of artwork, photographs of Washington with his work, and one oversized portrait of Washington.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in seven series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1970-1989 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1938-1988 (Boxes 1-2; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1958-circa 1986 (Box 2; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 4: Professional Records, 1950-1983 (Box 2; 7 folders)

Series 5: Artists Equity Association Files, 1948-1963 (Box 2; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1946-1989 (Boxes 2-3; 0.3 linear feet, OV 4)

Series 7: Photographic Material, 1951, 1964-1969, 1980s (Box 3; 2 folders, OV 4)
Biographical / Historical:
James W. Washington, Jr. (1909-2000) was an African American painter and sculptor prominent in the Seattle, Washington art community. Religion was an important part of his life and he considered his art to be a spiritual undertaking. In addition to being active in his church community, he was a member of the Artists Equity Association, serving as the Seattle Chapter secretary from 1950 to 1960, and then as the president from 1960 to 1962. In 1990 the City of Seattle's Historic Landmark and Preservation Board designated Washington's home and studio at 1816 26th Avenue a cultural landmark.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are two oral history interviews with James W. Washington, Jr., one conducted by Dorothy Bestor, October 13, 1965, the other by Paul Karlstrom, June 29, 1987.
Provenance:
The James W. Washington, Jr. papers were donated to the Archives of American Art by James. W. Washington, Jr. in two accessions in 1984 and 1989.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Occupation:
Painters -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Sculptors -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Topic:
Race awareness  Search this
African American artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
African American sculptors  Search this
Racial identity  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Transcripts
Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.washjame
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d05b7e25-11eb-4e13-99e9-e4fd476e0f36
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-washjame

Biographical Material

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Extent:
2 Folders (Box 1)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1970-1980
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material includes James W. Washington Jr.'s resumes, a short biographical sketch of the artist, and the transcript of an interview conducted by Cindy Huetter.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.washjame, Series 1
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ae4630cc-01ee-465a-894e-8a383e913fe4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref1

Chronological Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3-22
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1938
1944-1977
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw94a298451-7e93-47a6-8960-14079c5c98ab
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref10

Chronological Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 2-8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1978-1988
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ea09da9b-e3a2-4515-9960-b20987a4b717
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref11

Undated Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9974d4ed9-a58a-4968-bd86-fb690eb425d1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref12

Correspondence Related to Washington's Articles for the Seattle Post Intelligencer

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1965-1968
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9cf6c83fd-481e-4908-b16f-751a48acc371
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref13

Zionews, Mt. Zion Baptist Church Newsletters and Draft Typescripts

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1958-1961
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 3: Writings
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98ecb08ca-ab75-4fd7-92ff-47afa85dffe4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref14

Seattle Post Intelligencer Article Drafts

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1965-1968
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 3: Writings
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9af8d5ab4-5163-4413-a6fd-845ac72a4ccf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref15

Article for Puget Sounding on Mark Tobey

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1970
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 3: Writings
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw99f4f122d-8132-4e70-821b-844fe0f40cc3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref16

Editorial Regarding Seattle Police

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 3: Writings
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97fd6052c-ba0f-46d0-b3df-740ecb7f10e8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref17

Notes

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1959- circa 1986
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 3: Writings
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c276f059-1db6-402d-9c03-d35b86a93a58
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref18

City of Seattle Planning Commission— Civic Memorial Arts Center Site

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1950
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9219d755e-73d9-4b40-94ad-113dce3744c2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref19

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet (Boxes 1-2)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1938-1988
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence consists of letters to Washington from family and friends expressing admiration for his work, writing, and lectures. Also included is correspondence regarding his involvement in organizations including the Pacific Arts Center, Mt. Zion Baptist Church, and the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry. This series also includes a file of correspondence related to Washington's articles for the Seattle Post Intelligencer.
Arrangement:
This series is arranged chronologically. The file of correspondence related to Washington's articles for the Seattle Post Intelligencer appears at the end of the series.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.washjame, Series 2
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw922925488-786d-4e0a-9c0e-602d40643f2d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref2

Financial Records, Invoices and Receipts

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1952-1983
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9493af3d3-e3de-4754-b564-04cfc8cb3d3d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref20

Materials Related to Commissions and Exhibitions

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 18
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1961-1974
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d155dc9e-8439-44d3-9308-bc94e4bee26f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref21

Material Related to the State Capitol Museum and Washington State Arts Commission

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 19
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1963-1966
1971
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw93b9b16c8-1e9e-4893-baf2-072559dd8691
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref22

Material Related to Mark Tobey Work for Exhibition at State Capitol Museum

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1966-1968
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d6f63a02-1d47-418a-b438-51b7ef2c0b6d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref23

Teaching Files

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 21
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1960s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9600bad6d-d7db-4515-84c2-27b50cc02305
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref24

Lawsuit Against Robert and Jane Carpenter

Collection Creator:
Washington, James W., 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 22
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1971-1972
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers, 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James W. Washington, Jr. papers
James W. Washington, Jr. papers / Series 4: Professional Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw926557bac-041f-42d0-9edc-6e445b156a9a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-washjame-ref25

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