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Mathew Brady's Vision

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-04-12T19:16:18.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianMagazine
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianMagazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_koLnFvPaya0

William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs

Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Names:
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891  Search this
Extent:
61 Photographic prints
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Northern Inunaina (Northern Arapaho)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Northern Tsitsistas (Northern Cheyenne)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Fort Laramie (Wyo.)
Kansas
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1866-1868
Summary:
Alexander Gardner (1821-1882) was a photographer best known for his portraits of President Abraham Lincoln, his American Civil War photographs, and his photographs of American Indian delegations. This collection contains 61 albumen prints that were shot by Gardner circa 1866-1868 and held in General William T. Sherman's personal collection. Photographs depict American Indian tribes and Peace Commissioners involved in the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty; photographs shot along the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division in 1867; and photographs of American Indian delegations visiting Washington, D. C. from 1866-1868.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 61 albumen prints that were shot by photographer Alexander Gardner circa 1866-1868 and held in General William T. Sherman's personal collection. Among the photographs are depictions that were shot in and around Fort Laramie, Wyoming during the 1868 peace treaty negotiations between the U.S. Government and tribal leaders from several American Indian Northern Plains tribes including Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux), Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Northern Tsitsistas (Northern Cheyenne), and Northern Inunaina (Northern Arapaho); survey photographs shot in Kansas in 1867 for the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division (later renamed the Kansas Pacific Railway); and portraits of American Indian delegates in Washington, D.C. including Dakota (Eastern Sioux), Kaw (Kansa), Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux), and Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox) tribes, 1866-1868. Some of the photographs in this collection, particularly those in Series 2, may have been shot by photographers working with Gardner such as Dr. William A. Bell (1841-1921), William Redish Pywell, and Lawrence Gardner (Alexander Gardner's son).
Arrangement:
This collection is intellectually arranged in three series. Series 1: Fort Laramie, Wyoming, Series 2: Kansas Pacific Railroad, Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C.

The photographs are physically arranged in eight boxes according to the following: size, conservation work, and series. Within each box they are arranged by photo number. The photographs in boxes 1-4 had conservation work performed by a photo conservator in 2014.
Biographical / Historical:
Alexander Gardner (1821-1882) was a photographer best known for his portraits of President Abraham Lincoln, his American Civil War photographs, and his photographs of American Indian delegations.

Gardner was born in Paisley, Scotland on October 17, 1821 to James Gardner and Jean Glenn. He worked in a number of positions including as a jeweler, journalist, and editor before entering the field of photography circa 1855.

In 1856, Gardner immigrated to the United States with his wife Margaret Sinclair Gardner, his son Lawrence Gardner, and his daughter Eliza Gardner and later that year he began working as a photographer in Mathew Brady's gallery in New York. While working for Brady, it is thought that Gardner invented the "imperial print," a large photograph printed on approximately 21 x 17 inch paper that was often enhanced with hand-coloring and ink. Wealthy politicians and businessmen were among the clients who sat for their photographic portraits in the Brady studio and paid as much as $50- $500 per imperial print (today the equivalent of about $1,000 to 10,000).

By 1858, Gardner was managing Brady's gallery at 352 Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. When the U.S. Civil War broke out in 1861, Gardner was part of Brady's photography team that documented battle aftermaths and military campsites for the Union. Gardner left the Brady studio circa late 1862 and established his own studio in Washington, D.C. where he continued photographing the war along with his brother James Gardner, and other former Brady photographers including Timothy O'Sullivan.

During the war he documented the remnants of important battle scenes including the Battle of Antietam (1862) and the Battle of Gettysburg (1863). Gardner published 100 of his Civil War images in the publication Gardner's Photographic Sketchbook of the War. The two volume work included photographs shot by additional photographers including O'Sullivan and John Reekie.

In addition to war photography, Gardner was also a portrait photographer and photographed many civilians, soldiers, and politicians in Washington, D.C. Between the years 1861-1865, Gardner photographed President Abraham Lincoln on seven different occasions, including both inaugurations, as well as studio portrait sittings. On July 7, 1865, Gardner was the only photographer allowed to photograph the execution of four conspirators in the President Lincoln assassination.

In 1866, Gardner along with Antonio Zeno Shindler and Julian Vannerson were contracted to photograph portraits of American Indian delegates visiting Washington, D.C. Between the years 1866 to 1868, Gardner photographed many tribes in his studio including Iowa, Sac and Fox, Kaw (Kansa), Dakota, and Lakota. In 1868, Gardner was hired by the U.S. Government to serve as photographer for the peace talks that took place in Fort Laramie, Wyoming. During this trip, Gardner photographed the Lakota (Sioux), Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Northern Tsitsistas (Northern Cheyenne), and Northern Inunaina (Northern Arapaho) tribes. Among the government officials at Fort Laramie that Gardner photographed was General William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891). Sherman served as a General for the Union Army during the Civil War and later in 1869 became the Commanding General of the U.S. Army under President Ulysses Grant's administration. A member of the Peace Commission established in 1867, Sherman traveled to negotiate treaties with American Indian Plains tribes. Upon returning to Washington, D.C., Gardner published a set of his Fort Laramie photographs in the publication, Scenes in Indian Country. Members of the Peace Commission were given photo portfolios and it is believed that the photos in this collection may have been from General Sherman's personal set. Gardner went on to become the official photographer for the Office of Indian Affairs in 1872.

In his later years, Gardner also was involved in philanthropic causes, such as helping to establish the Masonic Mutual Relief Association which aided widows and orphans of Master Masons. He also founded the Saint John's Mite Association which provided aid to the poor in Washington, D.C. Alexander Gardner died in Washington, D.C. in 1882.
Related Materials:
Alexander Gardner photographs are housed in many archival and museum repositories. Photographs from the Scenes in Indian Country series are also held in the Newberry Library in Chicago, the Missouri Historical Society, the Minnesota Historical Society, and the St. Louis Mercantile Library in Missouri.
Provenance:
The photographs in this collection were originally owned by General William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) and may have been part of a portfolio of photographs that Alexander Gardner gifted to Sherman and other Fort Laramie Treaty peace commissioners. Photographs were then donated to the Museum of the American Indian (MAI) by Sherman's son P(hilemon) Tecumseh Sherman (1867-1941) in May 1932 and by Sherman's granddaughter Eleanor Sherman Fitch (1876-1959) in March 1942.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Railroads -- Construction  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-077
Online Media:

Libby Prison

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 3/8 in x 6 7/8 in; 8.5725 cm x 17.4625 cm
Object Name:
stereograph
stereoview
Place made:
United States: Virginia, Richmond
Date made:
ca. 1866-1868
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
Civil War Photography  Search this
Confederacy  Search this
Prisoners of War  Search this
ID Number:
PG.003873.065
Catalog number:
3875.065
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-1066-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1460508

Libbey Confederate Prison Camp

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Object Name:
carte-de-visite
Subject:
Civil War Photography  Search this
ID Number:
PG.73.34.20
Accession number:
319934
Catalog number:
73.34.20
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng4e212bb0b-f8d0-46ef-9d4b-ad8e84be800f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_2005976

Newspaper clipping entitled "Jeep Trek", regarding forthcoming book by Constance Stuart about her war photography in Cairo, Rome, and other cities in Europe; the book will be in diary form and begin with events on July 15, 1944.

Names:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder 44a
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item 912
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 2: Manuscript Materials / South Africa
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref17249

Theo Hios papers, 1938-1994

Creator:
Hios, Theo, 1908-1999  Search this
Hios, Theo, 1908-1999  Search this
Subject:
Bier, Elmira  Search this
Canaday, John  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Osver, Arthur  Search this
Porter, Fairfield  Search this
Weston, Harold  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Graphic arts -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Greek  Search this
Art, Byzantine  Search this
War photography  Search this
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Photography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9016
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211205
AAA_collcode_hiostheo
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211205

Grant Writing Telegram that the Army had Crossed Rapidan

Artist:
Alfred R. Waud, 2 Oct 1828 - 6 Apr 1891  Search this
Sitter:
Ulysses Simpson Grant, 27 Apr 1822 - 23 Jul 1885  Search this
Unidentified Men  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on cream paper
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 12.4 × 17.8cm (4 7/8 × 7")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1864
Topic:
Unidentified Men: Male  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Male  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division
Object number:
EXH.GL.04
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4a4fc264b-2659-44b8-86f7-8963f4b98490
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_EXH.GL.04

Mathew Brady, Silas Holmes, H. Hodges, E. T. Whitney and David Woodbury

Artist:
Mathew B. Brady, 1823? - 15 Jan 1896  Search this
Sitter:
Mathew B. Brady, 1823? - 15 Jan 1896  Search this
Silas A. Holmes, 1820 - 1886  Search this
Edward T. Whitney, 1820 - 1893  Search this
H. Hodges  Search this
David Woodbury, ? - 1866  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 7.8 x 11.1 cm (3 1/16 x 4 3/8")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1862
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Artwork\Painting  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse  Search this
Architecture\Building\Tent  Search this
Container\Box  Search this
Vehicle\Covered wagon  Search this
Mathew B. Brady: Male  Search this
Mathew B. Brady: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer  Search this
Mathew B. Brady: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer\Daguerreotypist  Search this
Silas A. Holmes: Male  Search this
Silas A. Holmes: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer  Search this
Silas A. Holmes: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer\Daguerreotypist  Search this
H. Hodges: Male  Search this
Edward T. Whitney: Male  Search this
Edward T. Whitney: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer  Search this
David Woodbury: Male  Search this
David Woodbury: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Larry J. West
Object number:
NPG.2007.33
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4c02aab9f-0ef9-41e8-8792-7143bbb6ea68
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2007.33

Photographic History Collection: Robert Capa

Maker:
Capa, Robert  Search this
Object Name:
Robert Capa Collection
Date made:
1930 - 1950
ID Number:
COLL.PHOTOS.000034
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Military
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-6c9a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1341948

Carte de visite photograph of Captain Tidball and staff

Maker:
Gibson, James T.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 2 5/8 in x 4 1/8 in; 6.6675 cm x 10.4775 cm
Object Name:
Photograph
Place made:
United States: Virginia, Henrico
Date made:
June 1862
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
Civil War Photography  Search this
ID Number:
AF.77068M
Catalog number:
77068M
Accession number:
305112
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-0db9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_443474

Major Gen G B McClellan & Lady

Depicted (sitter):
McClellan, George B.  Search this
McClellan, Mrs. George B.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 1/4 in x 2 3/8 in; 10.795 cm x 6.0325 cm
Object Name:
Photograph
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Date made:
1863
Associated date:
1862
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
Civil War Photography  Search this
Portraits  Search this
ID Number:
AF.77063M
Catalog number:
77063M
Accession number:
305112
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a2-6e24-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_443475

Photograph of General John Grubb Parke

Depicted (sitter):
Parke, John Grubb  Search this
Maker:
Brady's National Photographic Portrait Galleries  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Object Name:
Photograph
Other Terms:
Photograph; Army
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
ca. 1863-1866
ca. 1863-1868
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
Civil War Photography  Search this
Portraits  Search this
ID Number:
AF.77064M
Catalog number:
77064M
Accession number:
305112
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-0e3b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_443476

Photograph of Union Army General John Reynolds

Depicted (sitter):
Reynolds, John Fulton  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 in x 2 5/16 in; 10.16 cm x 5.9055 cm
Object Name:
Photograph
Date made:
ca. 1860-1869
ca. 1860s
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
Civil War Photography  Search this
ID Number:
AF.77067M
Catalog number:
77067M
Accession number:
305112
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a2-6e25-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_443477

Photograph of Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

Depicted (sitter):
Jackson, Stonewall  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 in x 2 5/16 in; 10.16 cm x 5.9055 cm
Object Name:
Photograph
Date made:
ca. 1860s
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
Civil War Photography  Search this
ID Number:
AF.77066M
Catalog number:
77066M
Accession number:
305112
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-0e3c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_443478

Photograph of General Julius Peter Garesché

Associated Name:
Garesche, Julius P.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 1/4 in x 2 5/16 in; 10.795 cm x 5.9055 cm
Object Name:
Photograph
Date made:
ca. 1860s
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
Civil War Photography  Search this
ID Number:
AF.77065M
Catalog number:
77065M
Accession number:
305112
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a2-6e26-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_443479

Album of Civil War-era photographs

Measurements:
overall: 5 in x 8 1/4 in x 1 in; 12.7 cm x 20.955 cm x 2.54 cm
Object Name:
Photo Album
Date made:
1860s
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
Civil War Photography  Search this
Related event:
Civil War  Search this
Credit Line:
Ruth Donovan and Margaret Kynaston
ID Number:
AF.67540M
Catalog number:
67540M
Accession number:
243533
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a2-6e27-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_443480

Portrait of Lt. Col. James Martin Green

Physical Description:
wood (frame material)
Measurements:
overall: 20 in x 17 in; 50.8 cm x 43.18 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Date made:
ca. 1850-1863
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
Civil War Photography  Search this
ID Number:
AF.41939
Accession number:
154790
Catalog number:
41939
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-0f12-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1459963

Civil War-era carte de visite photograph album

Physical Description:
paper (photographs material)
leather (album material)
Measurements:
overall: 5 in x 4 in x 1 in; 12.7 cm x 10.16 cm x 2.54 cm
Object Name:
Photo Album
Associated place:
United States: Michigan
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
Civil War Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
May E. Currier
ID Number:
AF.41832
Catalog number:
41832
Accession number:
153833
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a2-6e28-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_443481

Daguerreotype portrait of George M. Church

Physical Description:
metal (photograph; frame material)
gutta percha (case material)
glass (glass material)
velvet (insert material)
Measurements:
overall: 5 in x 4 in; 12.7 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
Daguerreotype
Object Type:
daguerreotype
Date made:
ca. 1840-1860
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
Civil War Photography  Search this
Army  Search this
Portraits  Search this
ID Number:
AF.35890
Catalog number:
35890
Accession number:
103819
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-0bdc-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_440932

Photograph of Lincoln and McClellan at Antietam

Associated person:
Lincoln, Abraham  Search this
Brady, Mathew B.  Search this
Maker:
Gardner, Alexander  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
mount: 4 1/2 in x 6 in; 11.43 cm x 15.24 cm
photograph: 3 in x 4 11/32 in; 7.62 cm x 11.049 cm
Object Name:
Photograph
Other Terms:
Photograph; Documents
Place made:
United States: Maryland, Sharpsburg
Date made:
October 3, 1862
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
Civil War Photography  Search this
ID Number:
AF.32224
Catalog number:
32224
Accession number:
68350
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-0b59-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_444071

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