Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
3 documents - page 1 of 1

Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Li, Lianying, 1848-1911  Search this
Wanrong, 1906-1946  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
44 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
China
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
Forbidden City (Peking, China)
China -- Beijing -- Beijing
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Cixi (慈禧太后), Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs. Forty-four glass plate negatives depicting the Empress Dowager of China, Cixi of the Qing dynasty, taken between 1903 to 1905 by the photographer Xunling (勋龄; ca.1880-1943). Scenes include the empress dowager on the imperial barge, in the Summer Palace (颐和园) with attendants, and individual portraits of Cixi in varieties of court attire. Other important figures of the royal court depicted are Empress Longyu (隆裕皇后; 1868 - 1913), Jinfei ((瑾妃; 1874 - 1924), Princess Der Ling (德龄公主; 1885 - 1944), Rongling (容龄;1882-1973), Lady Yugeng (裕太太), first chief eunuch Li Lianying (李連英; 1848 -1911), and second chief eunuch Cui Yugui (崔玉贵). The negatives were at one time in the possession of Xunling's sister, Princess Der Ling, who used many of them to illustrate her books on Cixi and the imperial Qing court. The collection includes thirty-five original glass plate negatives by Xunling and nine glass plate negatives copied from various sources, likely made for illustrations in Princess Der Ling's books and articles. Included in the acquisitions file is a 4 page typed essay by Lydia Dan (d. 2005), Xunling's niece, which identifies Xunling as the original photographer and describes the history of the photographs and anecdotes relating to Xunling and his family.
Arrangement:
The photographs are divided into four groups:
1. Twenty-four large negatives, 24.1 x 17.8 cm (SC-GR-243 to SC-GR-265; unnumbered). Original photographs by Xunling taken in the Forbidden City or the Summer Palace .
2. Eleven smaller negatives, 12.7 x 10.2 cm. (SC-GR-270-272; 276-277; 279-284). Mostly informal portraits of Cixi and the court taken with a more portable camera.
3. Nine smaller negatives, 12.7 x 10.2 cm. (SC-GR-266-269; 273-275; 278; 285). These are copies of prints from other sources, possibly taken for Xunling's sister, the Princess Der Ling to illustrate her English language books and magazine articles. SC-GR-275 is a copy from a worn, damaged print of a famous Xunling photograph. SC-GR-285 is copied from a poor print of SC-GR-265. SC-GR-278 is a detail copied from SC-GR-261.
4. SC-GR-285a is a print of a group of Han Chinese women.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13
Provenance:
Purchase. 1966 A.13
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs. FSA.A.13. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
Identifier:
FSA.A.13
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc31c72b86a-f8a8-4c41-a4f9-c8584d6c9de7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-13
Online Media:

Photograph of Empress Wan Rong (1906-1946), consort to the Xuantong Emperor (1906-1967)

Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Puyi, 1906-1967  Search this
Wanrong, 1906-1946  Search this
勳齡  Search this
婉容皇后, 1906-1946  Search this
宣統皇帝, 1906-1967  Search this
康德皇帝  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
末代皇帝  Search this
溥仪  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
遜帝  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 12.7 x 10.2 cm.( 5 x 4in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
Manchuria
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Scope and Contents:
A reproduction taken from a print.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-268
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs. FSA.A.13. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-268
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3ddd34b0a-6184-415f-8fe2-79ae3408d5a3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref27

Xuantong Emperor (Puyi) and his Empress Wan Rong

Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Puyi, 1906-1967  Search this
Wanrong, 1906-1946  Search this
勳齡  Search this
婉容皇后  Search this
宣統皇帝, 1906-1967  Search this
康德皇帝  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
末代皇帝  Search this
溥仪  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
遜帝  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 12.7 x 10.2 cm.( 5 x 4in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
Manchuria
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Scope and Contents:
A reproduction taken from a print.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-269
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs. FSA.A.13. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-269
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc396fc500d-3c9f-4435-951a-4658ff0f47d2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref28

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By
  • Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives